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MATH 3321

Quiz 17

11/17/14

1. If a system of n linear equations in n unknowns has inﬁnitely many solutions, then the rank of the matrix of coeﬃcients is n 1.

(a) Always true.

Sometimes true.

Never true.

None of the above.

2. If 0 is an eigenvalue of the matrix of coeﬃcients of a system of n linear equations in n unknowns, then the system has inﬁnitely many solutions.

Always true.

Sometimes true.

Never true.

None of the above.

3. If 0 is not an eigenvalue of the matrix of coeﬃcients of a hom ogeneous system of n linear equations in n unknowns, then the system does not have inﬁnitely many solutions.

Always true.

Sometimes true.

Never true.

None of the above.

4. If a system of n linear equations in n unknowns is dependent, then 0 is an eigenvalue of the matrix of coeﬃcients.

Always true.

Sometimes true.

Never true.

None of the above.

5. If 0 is an eigenvalue of the matrix of coeﬃcients of a homoge neous system of n linear equations in n unknowns, then the system has inﬁnitely many solutions.

Always true.

 (b) Sometimes true. (c) Never true. (d) None of the above.

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6. The eigenvalues of a 3 × 3 matrix A are λ 1 = 3, λ 2 = 2, polynomial of A is:

λ 3 = 2. The characteristic

 (a) (λ − 3)(λ + 2)(λ − 2) (b) λ 3 − 3λ 2 + 4λ + 12

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

( λ + 3)(λ + 2)(λ 2)

(λ 3)(λ 2 4)

None of the above.

7. The eigenvalues of a 3 × 3 matrix A are λ 1 = 5, λ 2 = λ 3 = 1. The characteristic polynomial of A is:

(λ 5)(λ + 1) 2

(λ + 5)(λ 1) 2

( λ 5)(λ + 1)(λ 1)

(λ 5)(λ + 1)

None of the above.

1

4

3

2

3

4 is:

2 2 4

8. The characteristic polynomial of A =

(λ 3) 2 ( λ 2)

(λ 3)(λ + 2) 2

( λ 3)(λ + 2)(λ 1)

(λ 2)(λ + 2)(λ 3)

None of the above.

0

{ 2, 3, 4}

{− 2, 3, 4} { 2, 2, 6} { 3, 2, 4}

None of the above.

0

4 are:

3 1

2 3 9. The eigenvalues of 0

0

2

10. The number of independent eigenvectors of

2

0

2

1

1 2 1

2

0 is:

 (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) (e) None of the above. (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 (e) None of the above. (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 (e) None of the above.  2   (b)   2  

(a) 2

2

1

1

The matrix has no eigenvectors.

11. The number of independent eigenvectors of

1

2

0 1

1

1

1

1 is:

1

12. The number of independent eigenvectors of 5 2 5 is:

2 5 5

 

5

5

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13. Which of the following vectors is not an eigenvector of

2

2

2

1

(d) 2

0

2

2

2 6

1 3 ?

1

2 1

(c)

(e) Each of these is an eigenvector.

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14. Which of the following vectors is not an eigenvector of 3 5 3 ?

 

1 3

6 6

3

4

(a) 1

1

2

(b) 1

1

0

(c)

1

2

3

(d)

1

0

1

(e)
Each of these is an eigenvector.
1
− 1 − 2
15. The eigenvectors of
 1
3
2  are:
1
− 1
2
   + i
1
0
1
0
1
(a)
 − 1
 ,
0
1
 ,
0
 − i 
1
1
1
0
1
0
   + i
1
0
1
0
1
(b)
1
 ,
0
− 1
 ,
0
0
 − i  − 1
1
1
1
0

(c)

(d)

1

1

1

2

2

1

,

,

0

0 + i

2

0

0 + i

1

1

1

0

(e) None of the above.

1

1 ,

0

,

0

0

1

0

0

2

1

i 1

0

1

i 1

0

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