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# Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

TRIGONOMETRY
BY

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Introduction
Opposite side

Hypotenuse

side
Hypotenuse
Opposite side

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Introduction

Opposite side
Hypotenuse

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise

1. B
A
2. B
A
triangle
given
below.

AB= Opposite

BC= Opposite

AC= Hypotenuse

AC=Hypotenuse

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
3. B

C
4.

AB=

C
Opposite

AB= Hypotenuse

BC=

Hypotenuse

AC=

AC= Opposite

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
X

5.
Z

6.

Z
X
XY= Opposite

Y
XY= Hypotenuse

YZ= Hypotenuse

YZ= Opposite

x

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Hypotenuse
Sin x0= BC
AC

C

x

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Hypotenuse
Cos x0= AB
AC

C

x

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Tan x0= BC
AB

C

Sin x0= Opposite
Hypotenuse
Hypotenuse
Tan x0= Opposite

HANG
LEE
TONG

LI

PO

PENG

SAN

SAM

PAH

## Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan

S in Opposite H ypotenuse
Cos A djacent H ypotenuse
Tan O pposite A djacent

3 4 5
5 12 13
6 8 10
7 24 25

8 15
9 12
10 24
12 16

17
15
26
20

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
Find the value of sin, cos and tan from the given triangle.
1.

2.

x0
C

Sin x0 =

BC/AC

Sin x0 =

AB/AC

Cos x0 = AB/AC

Cos x0 = BC/AC

Tan x0 = BC/AB

Tan x0 = AB/BC

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
Find the value of sin, cos and tan from the given triangle.
3.

4.

E
x0

R
Sin x0 =

P/R

Cos x0 = Q/R

Sin x0 = G/E
Cos x0 = F/E

Tan x0 = P/Q

Tan x0 = G/F

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
Find the value of sin, cos and tan from the given triangle.
3

5.

6.
x0

8
5

x0

6/10 = 3/5

Sin x0 = 4/5

Sin x0 =

Cos x0 = 3/5

Tan x0 = 4/3

TRIGONOMETRY
BY

## Saturday, January 24, 20

15

Trigonometry - Exercise
2. Find the length of AB
and cos A

and sin y0
1. PR= 8cm
Sin y= 3/8

2. AB= 13cm
Cos A= 12/13

y0

## Saturday, January 24, 20

15

Trigonometry - Exercise
3. Find sin y0
and cos y0

1. Sin y= 8/17

4. Find sin x0

2. Sin x= 7/ 25

10cm

17 cm
4cm

## Saturday, January 24, 20

15

Trigonometry - Exercise
5. If cos x0 = 3/5. Find sin y0

6. Find sin y0

1. Sin y= 6/13

2. Sin y= 8/17

## Saturday, January 24, 20

15

Trigonometry - Exercise
7. In the diagram, PQR and TSQ are straight

## lines. Given that tan x0 =6/9 and S is

the midpoint of TQ, find the length of PT and
sin y0

cos y0

y0

## Saturday, January 24, 20

15

Trigonometry - Exercise
9. In the figure, QS=8cm, find tan x0

## 10. In the figure, Find sin x0

S
T

X0

T
5
5

X0
7

TRIGONOMETRY
BY
Saturday, January 24, 2015

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Example 1
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 3 / 4, find the length of x and
sin y0
A
Sin y0 = Opposite
Hypotenuse

X=

15
= 9

15

3
5

Y0
=
9

x 3 =

12

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Example 2
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 3 / 4, find the length of x and
sin y0
A
Sin y0 = Opposite
5 X 4 = 20
Hypotenuse

X=

20

= 12

20

12

Y0

12
B

x 4 =

3
5

16

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise 1
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 5 / 12, find the length of x and
sin y0
A

X = 26
Sin y0 = Opposite
Hypotenuse

= 10
26
Y0
B

5
13

24

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise 2
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 4 / 3, find the length of x and
sin y0
A

X = 40
Sin y0 = Opposite
Hypotenuse

= 18
30
Y0
B

3
5

24

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise
1. In the diagram, PQRS is a rectangle. RST and QT are straight lines.
Given that tan x = 3 . Find sin y , cos y and tan y.
4

Sin y = 8/17
cos y = 15/17
Tan y = 8/15

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

TRIGONOMETRY
EXERCISE
BY
Saturday, January 24, 2015

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise
1. In the diagram, PQRS is a rectangle. RST and QT are straight lines.
Given that tan x = 3 . Find sin y , cos y and tan y.
4

Sin y = 8/17
cos y = 15/17
Tan y = 8/15

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.1
In the diagram, S is the midpoint of PQ.
2
If tan x =
and PR = 10 cm, then tan y =
5

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.2
In the diagram, EFG and GHI are straight
lines.
If tan x = 2, then tan y =

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.3

3
In the diagram, sin x = . The value of y is
8

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.4
In the diagram, find the value of sin .

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.5
4
. Find the value of x.
In the diagram, sin t =
5

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.6
In the diagram, the value of cos x is

24
25

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.7
In the diagram, LMN and PNQ are straight
3
lines. If cos x =
,
then find tan y. 5

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.8
5
, find value of cos y.
In the diagram, tan x =
12

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.9
Given that tan 42 = 0.9, sin 42 = 0.67
and cos 42 = 0.74.
Calculate the height, in m,
of the tree shown in the diagram

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.10
The diagram shows a kite flying in the sky.
Given that tan 75 = 3.7, sin 75 = 0.97
and cos 75 = 0.26.
Find the value of t.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.11
The diagram shows a flagpole that is
supported by a wire QR.
Find the angle of PRQ, in degree.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.12
In the diagram, KLM is a straight line.
1
5
1
and
sin
y
=
Given that tan x = 4
13
Calculate the length,
in cm, of LM.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.13
In the diagram, GMH and MFN
are straight lines. If sin x = 3
5
then find the value of tan y.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.14
The diagram shows a rectangle PQRS.
M is the midpoint of RS.
Find the value of cos x.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.15
In the diagram, JMK is a straight line.
3
Given that sin x = 5 . Find the value of tan y.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.16
In the diagram, M is the
midpoint of QR.
4
Given that cos y =
5
find the value of tan x.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.17
In the diagram, HJK and JML are straight lines.
Find the value of cos y.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.18
In the diagram,
find the value of
tan B and cos B.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.19
In the diagram, FJMP is a rectangle.
6
JKS and PKM are straight lines. If tan x =
5
then find the value of sin y.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.20
In the diagram, PMR is a straight line. M is the
midpoint of PR. Find the value of tan D0.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.21
In the diagram, HJM and JPT are straight lines.
12
o
,
find
the
value
of
tan
y
.
Given that cos x = 13

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.22
24
, find FG.
Based on the diagram, cos x =
25

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.23
In the diagram, PRMS is a straight line.
5
M is the midpoint of RS. Given that sin x =
13
find the length of PR, in cm.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.24
In the diagram, PST
and QTR are straight lines.
S is the midpoint of PT.
3
Given that tan y =
4

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.25
The diagram shows a square HJQS.
Find the value of sin x.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.26
In the diagram, PQR is a straight line.
3 , then find the value of tan y.
If sin x =
5

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.27
In the diagram, JPK is a straight line.
Given that JP = 7 cm,
calculate the value of tan x.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.28
In the diagram, PQR is a straight line.
3
Given that sin x = . Find the length of PR.
5

30cm

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.29
In Diagram 13, M is the midpoint of BC
in a right-angled triangle ABC.
7
Given that cos x
25
=
Find the lengthof MC.
m
c
50

C

QUESTION NO.30
x

## In Diagram 9, a long pole is

placed against a wall.
The wall is 7 m high and
the foot of the pole is 24m
away from the foot of the wall.
Calculate the length, in m,
of pole that is jutting over
the wall (x), if the pole is
35 metres long.

7m

24 m

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
(Using Calculator)

BY

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
1 degree (10) = 60 min (600)
Example 1

## Change the angle in degrees

to degrees and minutes.
a. 30.8

b. 15.30

= 150 18

c. 28.50

= 280 30

d. 50.90

= 500 54

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

10=60

1. Press 30.8
2. Press 0,,,
3. Press =
The value obtained is
300 48

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

## Change the angle in

degrees to degrees and
minutes.

f. 79.90
g. 15.150

a. 37.80

i. 47.250

b. 95.30

j. 9.550

c. 68.50

k. 36.450

d. 59.10

l. 80.350

h. 30.650

e. 46.90
Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 2

## Change the angle in degrees

and minutes to degrees
a. 300 18
b. 360 36

= 36.6

c. 670 54

= 67.9

d. 620 51

= 62.85

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

1. Press 30
2. Press 0,,,
3. Press 18
4. Press 0,,,
5. Press =
6. Press 0,,,
The value obtained is
30.3

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

## Change the angle in

degrees and minutes to
degrees.

f. 790 23
g. 150 42

a. 300 27

i. 470 17

b. 150 54

j. 90 9

c. 280 24

k. 360 24

d. 500 12

l. 800 33

h. 300 51

e. 360 08
Saturday, January 24, 2015

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 3
Use calculator to find the
value of sin, cos and tan

1. Press sin
2. Press 30

a. Sin 300
b. Sin 360 36
c. Cos 670
d. Cos 620 51
e. Tan 350
f. Tan 740 20

3. Press 0,,,
4. Press =

= 0.60
= 0.39
= 0.46
= 0.70
= 3.57

0.5

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

a. Sin 300 27

f. tan 790 23
g. tan 150 42

b. tan 150 54

h. sin 300 51

c. cos 280 24

i. cos 470 17

d. cos 500 12

j. Tan 90 9

e. sin 360 08

k. cos 360 24
l. sin 800 33

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 4

the angle

1. Press shift
2. Press sin
3. Press 0.5925
4. Press =

a. Sin = 0.5925
b. Cos = 0.5925
c. Tan = 0.9342
d. Sin = 0.2479
e. Sin = 0.7992
f. Cos = 0.3345

= 530 39
= 43 03
0

= 140 21

36.33460

= 530 03

5. Press 0

= 700 27

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise
Find the value of:
a. Sin = 0.8025
b. Cos = 0.2925
c. Tan = 1.8942
d. Sin = 0.0679
e. Sin = 0.9292
f. Cos = 0.0445
Saturday, January 24, 2015

Exercise
g. Tan = 0.1234
h. Sin = 0.4425
i. Cos = 0.5925
j. Tan = 2.9342
k. Sin = 0.5579
l. Sin = 0.0009
m. Cos = 0.7945

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 5

Solution

## Find the angle of y0

Sin y0 = Opposite
hypotenuse

sin y0 = 6
10

10cm

= 0.6

6cm

y = 360 52#

B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 6

Solution

hypotenuse

cos y0 = 9
15

15cm

y = 530 07#

9cm

= 0.6

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

8cm

5cm

11cm

7cm
Y0
B

Y0
B

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

9cm

Y0
B

4cm

7cm

Y0
B

3cm

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

13cm

11cm

Y0
B

6cm

Y0
B

8cm

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 7

Solution

## Sin 300 = Opposite

hypotenuse

7cm
X

300
B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

sin 300 = x
7
0.5
=x
7
x = 0.5 x 7
x = 3.5cm

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 8

Solution

## Sin 350 27 = Opposite

hypotenuse

6cm
X

350 27
B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

sin 350 27 = x
6
0.5800
=x
6
x = 0.5800 x 6
x = 3.48cm

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

## 2. Find the length of x

A
X=10.39

X=12.82

12cm

15cm

x
600
B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

58045
B

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

A
X=6.22

X=6.23

7cm

13cm

27019

61023

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

A
X=17.15

X=9.02

52050
B

13cm

48025
B

8cm

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION
NO.9 7
Question
Given that tan 42 = 0.9, sin 42 = 0.67
and cos 42 = 0.74.
Calculate the height, in m,
of the tree shown in the diagram

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION
NO.10 8
Question
The diagram shows a kite flying in the sky.
Given that tan 75 = 3.7, sin 75 = 0.97
and cos 75 = 0.26.
Find the value of t.

## Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION
NO.11 9
Question
The diagram shows a flagpole that is
supported by a wire QR.
Find the angle of PRQ, in degree.

## when it reaches a height of 10m. up the wall.

How far is the foot of the ladder away from
the wall?
10m
650

## vertically from one end to the other. Find the

angle between the road and the horizontal.
120m
Saturday, January 24, 2015

240