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Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
BY
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Introduction
Opposite side

Hypotenuse

Adjacentside
side
Adjacent
Hypotenuse
Opposite side
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Introduction
Adjacent side

Opposite side
Hypotenuse

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise

Name the side of the right angle


1. B
A
2. B
A
triangle
given
below.

AB= Adjacent

AB= Opposite

BC= Opposite

BC=Adjacent

AC= Hypotenuse

AC=Hypotenuse

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
3. B

C
4.

AB=

C
Opposite

AB= Hypotenuse

BC=

Hypotenuse

BC= Adjacent

AC=

Adjacent

AC= Opposite

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
X

5.
Z

6.

Z
X
XY= Opposite

Y
XY= Hypotenuse

YZ= Hypotenuse

YZ= Opposite

XZ= Adjacent

XZ= Adjacent

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan


1. B Adjacent A
x

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Sin x0= Opposite


Hypotenuse
Sin x0= BC
AC

C
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan


1. B Adjacent A
x

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Cos x0= Adjacent


Hypotenuse
Cos x0= AB
AC

C
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan


1. B Adjacent A
x

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Tan x0= Opposite


Adjacent
Tan x0= BC
AB

C
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan


Sin x0= Opposite
Hypotenuse
Cos x0= Adjacent
Hypotenuse
Tan x0= Opposite
Adjacent
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan

HANG
LEE
TONG

LI

PO

PENG

SAN

SAM

PAH

SOH CAH TOA


AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan

S in Opposite H ypotenuse
Cos A djacent H ypotenuse
Tan O pposite A djacent
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry Sin , Cos and Tan

3 4 5
5 12 13
6 8 10
7 24 25

8 15
9 12
10 24
12 16

17
15
26
20
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
Find the value of sin, cos and tan from the given triangle.
1.

2.

x0
C

Sin x0 =

BC/AC

Sin x0 =

AB/AC

Cos x0 = AB/AC

Cos x0 = BC/AC

Tan x0 = BC/AB

Tan x0 = AB/BC
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
Find the value of sin, cos and tan from the given triangle.
3.

4.

E
x0

R
Sin x0 =

P/R

Cos x0 = Q/R

Sin x0 = G/E
Cos x0 = F/E

Tan x0 = P/Q

Tan x0 = G/F
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Trigonometry - Exercise
Find the value of sin, cos and tan from the given triangle.
3

5.

6.
x0

8
5

x0

6/10 = 3/5

Sin x0 = 4/5

Sin x0 =

Cos x0 = 3/5

Cos x0 = 8/10 = 4/5

Tan x0 = 4/3

Tan x0 = 6/8 = 3/4


AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
BY
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 20


15

Trigonometry - Exercise
2. Find the length of AB
and cos A

1. Find the length of PR


and sin y0
1. PR= 8cm
Sin y= 3/8

2. AB= 13cm
Cos A= 12/13

y0
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 20


15

Trigonometry - Exercise
3. Find sin y0
and cos y0

1. Sin y= 8/17

4. Find sin x0

2. Sin x= 7/ 25

10cm

17 cm
4cm

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 20


15

Trigonometry - Exercise
5. If cos x0 = 3/5. Find sin y0

6. Find sin y0

1. Sin y= 6/13

2. Sin y= 8/17
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 20


15

Trigonometry - Exercise
7. In the diagram, PQR and TSQ are straight

8. Given that sin x0= 8/10 and

lines. Given that tan x0 =6/9 and S is


the midpoint of TQ, find the length of PT and
sin y0

the length of PR = 21cm , find


cos y0

y0
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 20


15

Trigonometry - Exercise
9. In the figure, QS=8cm, find tan x0

10. In the figure, Find sin x0

S
T

X0

T
5
5

X0
7

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

TRIGONOMETRY
BY
AIRIL BIN AHMAD
Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Example 1
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 3 / 4, find the length of x and
sin y0
A
Sin y0 = Opposite
Hypotenuse

X=

15
= 9

15

3
5

Y0
=
9

x 3 =

12
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Example 2
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 3 / 4, find the length of x and
sin y0
A
Sin y0 = Opposite
5 X 4 = 20
Hypotenuse

X=

20

= 12

20

12

Y0

12
B

x 4 =

3
5

16
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise 1
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 5 / 12, find the length of x and
sin y0
A

X = 26
Sin y0 = Opposite
Hypotenuse

= 10
26
Y0
B

5
13

24
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise 2
ABC is a right angle triangle. Given that tan y0 = 4 / 3, find the length of x and
sin y0
A

X = 40
Sin y0 = Opposite
Hypotenuse

= 18
30
Y0
B

3
5

24
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise
1. In the diagram, PQRS is a rectangle. RST and QT are straight lines.
Given that tan x = 3 . Find sin y , cos y and tan y.
4
ANSWER:

Sin y = 8/17
cos y = 15/17
Tan y = 8/15

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

TRIGONOMETRY
EXERCISE
BY
AIRIL BIN AHMAD
Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY

Exercise
1. In the diagram, PQRS is a rectangle. RST and QT are straight lines.
Given that tan x = 3 . Find sin y , cos y and tan y.
4
ANSWER:

Sin y = 8/17
cos y = 15/17
Tan y = 8/15

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.1
In the diagram, S is the midpoint of PQ.
2
If tan x =
and PR = 10 cm, then tan y =
5

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.2
In the diagram, EFG and GHI are straight
lines.
If tan x = 2, then tan y =

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.3

3
In the diagram, sin x = . The value of y is
8

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.4
In the diagram, find the value of sin .

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.5
4
. Find the value of x.
In the diagram, sin t =
5

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.6
In the diagram, the value of cos x is

24
25
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.7
In the diagram, LMN and PNQ are straight
3
lines. If cos x =
,
then find tan y. 5

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.8
5
, find value of cos y.
In the diagram, tan x =
12

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.9
Given that tan 42 = 0.9, sin 42 = 0.67
and cos 42 = 0.74.
Calculate the height, in m,
of the tree shown in the diagram

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.10
The diagram shows a kite flying in the sky.
Given that tan 75 = 3.7, sin 75 = 0.97
and cos 75 = 0.26.
Find the value of t.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.11
The diagram shows a flagpole that is
supported by a wire QR.
Find the angle of PRQ, in degree.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.12
In the diagram, KLM is a straight line.
1
5
1
and
sin
y
=
Given that tan x = 4
13
Calculate the length,
in cm, of LM.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.13
In the diagram, GMH and MFN
are straight lines. If sin x = 3
5
then find the value of tan y.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.14
The diagram shows a rectangle PQRS.
M is the midpoint of RS.
Find the value of cos x.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.15
In the diagram, JMK is a straight line.
3
Given that sin x = 5 . Find the value of tan y.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.16
In the diagram, M is the
midpoint of QR.
4
Given that cos y =
5
find the value of tan x.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.17
In the diagram, HJK and JML are straight lines.
Find the value of cos y.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.18
In the diagram,
find the value of
tan B and cos B.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.19
In the diagram, FJMP is a rectangle.
6
JKS and PKM are straight lines. If tan x =
5
then find the value of sin y.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.20
In the diagram, PMR is a straight line. M is the
midpoint of PR. Find the value of tan D0.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.21
In the diagram, HJM and JPT are straight lines.
12
o
,
find
the
value
of
tan
y
.
Given that cos x = 13

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.22
24
, find FG.
Based on the diagram, cos x =
25

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.23
In the diagram, PRMS is a straight line.
5
M is the midpoint of RS. Given that sin x =
13
find the length of PR, in cm.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.24
In the diagram, PST
and QTR are straight lines.
S is the midpoint of PT.
3
Given that tan y =
4

find the length of PQ.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.25
The diagram shows a square HJQS.
Find the value of sin x.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.26
In the diagram, PQR is a straight line.
3 , then find the value of tan y.
If sin x =
5

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.27
In the diagram, JPK is a straight line.
Given that JP = 7 cm,
calculate the value of tan x.

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.28
In the diagram, PQR is a straight line.
3
Given that sin x = . Find the length of PR.
5

30cm

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.29
In Diagram 13, M is the midpoint of BC
in a right-angled triangle ABC.
7
Given that cos x
25
=
Find the lengthof MC.
m
c
50

C
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION NO.30
x

In Diagram 9, a long pole is


placed against a wall.
The wall is 7 m high and
the foot of the pole is 24m
away from the foot of the wall.
Calculate the length, in m,
of pole that is jutting over
the wall (x), if the pole is
35 metres long.

7m

24 m
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
(Using Calculator)

BY
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
1 degree (10) = 60 min (600)
Example 1

On your calculator

Change the angle in degrees


to degrees and minutes.
a. 30.8

b. 15.30

= 150 18

c. 28.50

= 280 30

d. 50.90

= 500 54

Saturday, January 24, 2015

10=60

1. Press 30.8
2. Press 0,,,
3. Press =
The value obtained is
300 48
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

Change the angle in


degrees to degrees and
minutes.

f. 79.90
g. 15.150

a. 37.80

i. 47.250

b. 95.30

j. 9.550

c. 68.50

k. 36.450

d. 59.10

l. 80.350

h. 30.650

e. 46.90
Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 2

On your calculator

Change the angle in degrees


and minutes to degrees
a. 300 18
b. 360 36

= 36.6

c. 670 54

= 67.9

d. 620 51

= 62.85

Saturday, January 24, 2015

1. Press 30
2. Press 0,,,
3. Press 18
4. Press 0,,,
5. Press =
6. Press 0,,,
The value obtained is
30.3
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

Change the angle in


degrees and minutes to
degrees.

f. 790 23
g. 150 42

a. 300 27

i. 470 17

b. 150 54

j. 90 9

c. 280 24

k. 360 24

d. 500 12

l. 800 33

h. 300 51

e. 360 08
Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 3
On your calculator
Use calculator to find the
value of sin, cos and tan

1. Press sin
2. Press 30

a. Sin 300
b. Sin 360 36
c. Cos 670
d. Cos 620 51
e. Tan 350
f. Tan 740 20

3. Press 0,,,
4. Press =

Saturday, January 24, 2015

= 0.60
= 0.39
= 0.46
= 0.70
= 3.57

The value obtained is


0.5

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

Find the value of:


a. Sin 300 27

f. tan 790 23
g. tan 150 42

b. tan 150 54

h. sin 300 51

c. cos 280 24

i. cos 470 17

d. cos 500 12

j. Tan 90 9

e. sin 360 08

k. cos 360 24
l. sin 800 33

Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 4

On your calculator

Using calculator to find the value of


the angle

1. Press shift
2. Press sin
3. Press 0.5925
4. Press =

a. Sin = 0.5925
b. Cos = 0.5925
c. Tan = 0.9342
d. Sin = 0.2479
e. Sin = 0.7992
f. Cos = 0.3345

Saturday, January 24, 2015

= 530 39
= 43 03
0

= 140 21

The value obtained is


36.33460

= 530 03

5. Press 0

= 700 27

The value is 360 20


AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise
Find the value of:
a. Sin = 0.8025
b. Cos = 0.2925
c. Tan = 1.8942
d. Sin = 0.0679
e. Sin = 0.9292
f. Cos = 0.0445
Saturday, January 24, 2015

Exercise
g. Tan = 0.1234
h. Sin = 0.4425
i. Cos = 0.5925
j. Tan = 2.9342
k. Sin = 0.5579
l. Sin = 0.0009
m. Cos = 0.7945
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 5

Solution

Find the angle of y0

Sin y0 = Opposite
hypotenuse

sin y0 = 6
10

10cm

= 0.6

6cm

y = 360 52#

B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 6

Solution

Find the angle of y0

Cos y0 = Adjacent
hypotenuse

cos y0 = 9
15

15cm

y = 530 07#

9cm

Saturday, January 24, 2015

= 0.6

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

1. Find the angle of y0

2. Find the angle of y0

8cm

5cm

11cm

7cm
Y0
B

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Y0
B

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

3. Find the angle of y0

4. Find the angle of y0

9cm

Y0
B

4cm

Saturday, January 24, 2015

7cm

Y0
B

3cm

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

5. Find the angle of y0

6. Find the angle of y0

13cm

11cm

Y0
B

6cm

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Y0
B

8cm

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 7

Solution

Find the length of x

Sin 300 = Opposite


hypotenuse

7cm
X

300
B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

sin 300 = x
7
0.5
=x
7
x = 0.5 x 7
x = 3.5cm
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Example 8

Solution

Find the length of x

Sin 350 27 = Opposite


hypotenuse

6cm
X

350 27
B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

sin 350 27 = x
6
0.5800
=x
6
x = 0.5800 x 6
x = 3.48cm
AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

1. Find the length of x

2. Find the length of x

A
X=10.39

X=12.82

12cm

15cm

x
600
B
Saturday, January 24, 2015

58045
B

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

3. Find the length of x

4. Find the length of x

A
X=6.22

X=6.23

7cm

13cm

27019

61023

Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

TRIGONOMETRY
Exercise

Exercise

5. Find the length of x

6. Find the length of x

A
X=17.15

X=9.02

52050
B

13cm

Saturday, January 24, 2015

48025
B

8cm

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION
NO.9 7
Question
Given that tan 42 = 0.9, sin 42 = 0.67
and cos 42 = 0.74.
Calculate the height, in m,
of the tree shown in the diagram

Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION
NO.10 8
Question
The diagram shows a kite flying in the sky.
Given that tan 75 = 3.7, sin 75 = 0.97
and cos 75 = 0.26.
Find the value of t.

Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

QUESTION
NO.11 9
Question
The diagram shows a flagpole that is
supported by a wire QR.
Find the angle of PRQ, in degree.

Saturday, January 24, 2015

AIRIL BIN AHMAD

Saturday, January 24, 2015

10. A ladder makes an angle of 650 with a wall

when it reaches a height of 10m. up the wall.


How far is the foot of the ladder away from
the wall?
10m
650

11. A straight road 240m long rises 120m

vertically from one end to the other. Find the


angle between the road and the horizontal.
120m
Saturday, January 24, 2015

240

AIRIL BIN AHMAD