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Project

Client
Service

Tag No : D-420
Type : Conventational gravity separator
Case : Maximum design flow rate

Puma Energy
Oil water separator

Refer to API section 421


A. Determine the water flow rate
Design maximum daily rainfall rate

0.315

m/day

Surface run - off coeff. For concrete pave area

1.00

Width of bund wall


Length of bund wall

=
=

142.05
149.44

m
m

Surface area of bund wall


Additional area from pump station, utilty, etc

=
=

21226.49
2293.51

m2
m2

Total surface area

23520.00

m2

Water flow on the affected area


Rainfall duration

=
=

7408.80
1.00

m3/day
day

Total water collected

7408.80

m3

Time required for emptying water

48.00

hr

Water flowrate to oil water separator

154.35

m3/hr

Design maximum oil drain from all bund wall area

50.00

m3/hr

C. Determine total oily water load for oil water separator


Discharge water rate as load for oil water separator

B. Determine the oil flow rate


Estimated

154.35

Discharge oil rate as load for oil water separator

50.00

m3/hr
m3/hr

Total oily water rate


Design oily water rate for oil water separator

=
=

204.35
224.79

m3/hr
m3/hr

Oil content

24.47
244678.25

0.00015

Oil density

880.00

kg/m3

Water density

1000.00

kg/m3

Water viscosity

0.001

kg/cm.sec

Gravitational acceleration

9.81

m/sec2

Oil vertical velocity [VT]

5.30

m/hr

Horizontal Velocity [VH1]

79.46

m/hr

Horizontal Velocity [VH2]


Design horizontal velocity [VH]

=
=

54.86
54.86

m/hr
m/hr

Minimum vertical cross sectional area

4.10

m2

Depth of oil water separator (H)

1.13

Commonly 3~8 ft

Acceptable

Width of oil water separator (W)

3.63

Commonly 6~20 ft

Acceptable

Ratio depth to width [H/W]

0.31

Commonly 0.3~0.5

Acceptable

[VH/VT]

=
=
=

10.36
1.53
17.86

=
=

18.13
18.13

m
m

=
=
=

1.15
3.65
18.20

m
m
m

76.39

m3

D. Conventational oil water separator sizing


Oil globe diameter

Turbulence and short circuit factor [F]


Length of oil water separator [L1]
Length of oil water separator [L2]
Length of oil water separator [L]
E. Conclusion
Dimension of conventational gravity oil water separator
Proposed depth of oil water separator [H]
Proposed width of oil water separator [W]
Proposed lenght of oil water separator [L]
Volume of oil water separator

Design margin = 10 %

% volume
ppmv

Typical oil globe diameter for gravity separation

Maximum recommended value of VH is 3 ft/min or 54.864 m/hr


Smaller value of VH is selected

Figure - Recommended value of F for various values of [VH/VT]


Minimum [L/W] = 5
Higher value of L is selected

3 OF 3

3 OF 3

Project
Client
Service

Tag No : D-420
Type : Conventational gravity separator
Case : Maximum design flow rate

Puma Energy
Oil water separator

Refer to API section 421


A. Determine the water flow rate
Design maximum daily rainfall rate

0.315

m/day

Surface run - off coeff. For concrete pave area

0.30

Width of bund wall


Length of bund wall

=
=

142.05
149.44

m
m

Surface area of bund wall


Additional area from pump station, utilty, etc

=
=

21226.49
2293.51

m2
m2

Total surface area

23520.00

m2

Water flow on the affected area


Rainfall duration

=
=

2222.64
1.00

m3/day
day

Total water collected

2222.64

m3

Time required for emptying water

48.00

hr

Water flowrate to oil water separator

46.31

m3/hr

Design maximum oil drain from all bund wall area

50.00

m3/hr

C. Determine total oily water load for oil water separator


Discharge water rate as load for oil water separator

B. Determine the oil flow rate


Estimated

46.31

Discharge oil rate as load for oil water separator

50.00

m3/hr
m3/hr

Total oily water rate


Design oily water rate for oil water separator

=
=

96.31
105.94

m3/hr
m3/hr

Oil content

51.92
519183.84

0.00015

Oil density

880.00

kg/m3

Water density

1000.00

kg/m3

Water viscosity

0.001

kg/cm.sec

Gravitational acceleration

9.81

m/sec2

Oil vertical velocity [VT]

5.30

m/hr

Horizontal Velocity [VH1]

79.46

m/hr

Horizontal Velocity [VH2]


Design horizontal velocity [VH]

=
=

54.86
54.86

m/hr
m/hr

Minimum vertical cross sectional area

1.93

m2

Depth of oil water separator (H)

0.95

Commonly 3~8 ft

Acceptable

Width of oil water separator (W)

2.03

Commonly 6~20 ft

Acceptable

Ratio depth to width [H/W]

0.47

Commonly 0.3~0.5

Acceptable

[VH/VT]

=
=
=

10.36
1.53
15.02

=
=

10.16
10.16

m
m

=
=
=

1.00
2.00
10.00

m
m
m

20.00

m3

D. Conventational oil water separator sizing


Oil globe diameter

Turbulence and short circuit factor [F]


Length of oil water separator [L1]
Length of oil water separator [L2]
Length of oil water separator [L]
E. Conclusion
Dimension of conventational gravity oil water separator
Proposed depth of oil water separator [H]
Proposed width of oil water separator [W]
Proposed lenght of oil water separator [L]
Volume of oil water separator

Design margin = 10 %

% volume
ppmv

Typical oil globe diameter for gravity separation

Maximum recommended value of VH is 3 ft/min or 54.864 m/hr


Smaller value of VH is selected

Figure - Recommended value of F for various values of [VH/VT]


Minimum [L/W] = 5
Higher value of L is selected

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3 OF 3

REFER TO FIGURE 4. API 421


F

1.325

1.4

1.45

10

1.52

12

1.575

14

1.625

15

1.675

16

1.72

18

1.75

1.8
f(x) = 0.0308140244x + 1.2073506098
R = 0.9949439158

1.7

1
1.675
1.625

1.6

1.575

VH/VT

1.52

1.5
1.45
1.4

1.4
1.325

1.3

1.2
3

10

11

12

[VH/VT]

13

14

15

16

2073506098

1.72

1.75

1.675
1.625
1.575
F
Linear
(F)

1.52

10

11

12

[VH/VT]

13

14

15

16

17

18

19