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# Project

Client
Service

Tag No : D-420
Type : Conventational gravity separator
Case : Maximum design flow rate

Puma Energy
Oil water separator

## Refer to API section 421

A. Determine the water flow rate
Design maximum daily rainfall rate

0.315

m/day

1.00

## Width of bund wall

Length of bund wall

=
=

142.05
149.44

m
m

## Surface area of bund wall

Additional area from pump station, utilty, etc

=
=

21226.49
2293.51

m2
m2

23520.00

m2

## Water flow on the affected area

Rainfall duration

=
=

7408.80
1.00

m3/day
day

7408.80

m3

48.00

hr

154.35

m3/hr

50.00

m3/hr

## C. Determine total oily water load for oil water separator

Discharge water rate as load for oil water separator

Estimated

154.35

50.00

m3/hr
m3/hr

## Total oily water rate

Design oily water rate for oil water separator

=
=

204.35
224.79

m3/hr
m3/hr

Oil content

24.47
244678.25

0.00015

Oil density

880.00

kg/m3

Water density

1000.00

kg/m3

Water viscosity

0.001

kg/cm.sec

Gravitational acceleration

9.81

m/sec2

5.30

m/hr

79.46

m/hr

## Horizontal Velocity [VH2]

Design horizontal velocity [VH]

=
=

54.86
54.86

m/hr
m/hr

4.10

m2

1.13

Commonly 3~8 ft

Acceptable

3.63

Commonly 6~20 ft

Acceptable

0.31

Commonly 0.3~0.5

Acceptable

[VH/VT]

=
=
=

10.36
1.53
17.86

=
=

18.13
18.13

m
m

=
=
=

1.15
3.65
18.20

m
m
m

76.39

m3

## D. Conventational oil water separator sizing

Oil globe diameter

## Turbulence and short circuit factor [F]

Length of oil water separator [L1]
Length of oil water separator [L2]
Length of oil water separator [L]
E. Conclusion
Dimension of conventational gravity oil water separator
Proposed depth of oil water separator [H]
Proposed width of oil water separator [W]
Proposed lenght of oil water separator [L]
Volume of oil water separator

Design margin = 10 %

% volume
ppmv

## Maximum recommended value of VH is 3 ft/min or 54.864 m/hr

Smaller value of VH is selected

## Figure - Recommended value of F for various values of [VH/VT]

Minimum [L/W] = 5
Higher value of L is selected

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Project
Client
Service

Tag No : D-420
Type : Conventational gravity separator
Case : Maximum design flow rate

Puma Energy
Oil water separator

## Refer to API section 421

A. Determine the water flow rate
Design maximum daily rainfall rate

0.315

m/day

0.30

## Width of bund wall

Length of bund wall

=
=

142.05
149.44

m
m

## Surface area of bund wall

Additional area from pump station, utilty, etc

=
=

21226.49
2293.51

m2
m2

23520.00

m2

## Water flow on the affected area

Rainfall duration

=
=

2222.64
1.00

m3/day
day

2222.64

m3

48.00

hr

46.31

m3/hr

50.00

m3/hr

## C. Determine total oily water load for oil water separator

Discharge water rate as load for oil water separator

Estimated

46.31

50.00

m3/hr
m3/hr

## Total oily water rate

Design oily water rate for oil water separator

=
=

96.31
105.94

m3/hr
m3/hr

Oil content

51.92
519183.84

0.00015

Oil density

880.00

kg/m3

Water density

1000.00

kg/m3

Water viscosity

0.001

kg/cm.sec

Gravitational acceleration

9.81

m/sec2

5.30

m/hr

79.46

m/hr

## Horizontal Velocity [VH2]

Design horizontal velocity [VH]

=
=

54.86
54.86

m/hr
m/hr

1.93

m2

0.95

Commonly 3~8 ft

Acceptable

2.03

Commonly 6~20 ft

Acceptable

0.47

Commonly 0.3~0.5

Acceptable

[VH/VT]

=
=
=

10.36
1.53
15.02

=
=

10.16
10.16

m
m

=
=
=

1.00
2.00
10.00

m
m
m

20.00

m3

## D. Conventational oil water separator sizing

Oil globe diameter

## Turbulence and short circuit factor [F]

Length of oil water separator [L1]
Length of oil water separator [L2]
Length of oil water separator [L]
E. Conclusion
Dimension of conventational gravity oil water separator
Proposed depth of oil water separator [H]
Proposed width of oil water separator [W]
Proposed lenght of oil water separator [L]
Volume of oil water separator

Design margin = 10 %

% volume
ppmv

## Maximum recommended value of VH is 3 ft/min or 54.864 m/hr

Smaller value of VH is selected

## Figure - Recommended value of F for various values of [VH/VT]

Minimum [L/W] = 5
Higher value of L is selected

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## REFER TO FIGURE 4. API 421

F

1.325

1.4

1.45

10

1.52

12

1.575

14

1.625

15

1.675

16

1.72

18

1.75

1.8
f(x) = 0.0308140244x + 1.2073506098
R = 0.9949439158

1.7

1
1.675
1.625

1.6

1.575

VH/VT

1.52

1.5
1.45
1.4

1.4
1.325

1.3

1.2
3

10

11

12

[VH/VT]

13

14

15

16

2073506098

1.72

1.75

1.675
1.625
1.575
F
Linear
(F)

1.52

10

11

12

[VH/VT]

13

14

15

16

17

18

19