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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Lecture One:
Sustainable Design
Introductory issues for design professionals

The fuel, food and financial crises are alarm bells warning of the
un-sustainability of global consumption. A new mindset is needed.
Opportunities to reduce energy use and carbon emissions,
especially through technology improvements and behavioural
changes, and to promote alternative energies can be accelerated
as people gain awareness of their ecological footprint. This class
will explore and promote the expansion of the clean energy in
technology sectors and sustainable facility design.

Class Content Lectures 1-3

LECTURE 1 background of sustainability why do we need it?

LECTURE 2 and 3 Focus on LEED v3, 2009:

US Green Building Council - developing the framework for green building


design, construction and operation.
LEED is an internationally recognized green building certification system.
World Green Building Council has developed rating systems in many parts
of the world.
Economics of Green building: advantages vs. cost
Design process a fundamental shift
LEED Rating System - Credit Categories and Impact on environment

Sustainable Sites
Water Efficiency
Energy and Atmosphere
Materials and Resources
Indoor Environmental Quality
Innovation in design

Green building case studies analysis

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Class Content Lectures 1-3

Reading assignments at each class:


Glossary of terms use by this industry knowing and using these terms

will prove to others that you are familiar with the notion of Sustainability.
Professional articles on line and on paper on green topics

Case studies:

Examples of various buildings types that proved sustainability is possible,


saves energy, cost and improve the quality of life for users and visitors alike:

Corporate headquarter,
Bank building,
Low income housing,
Elementary school,
Office building.

Final Testing :

Multiple choice questions regarding data presented in lectures and in the


reading assignments.
Or one page description on topics related to case studies such as:

Analyzing a building of your choice in terms of sustainability and write in few words
the category in which the building meets the sustainability standards and how
could increase the sustainability level.

LECTURE 1

History and background

US Green Building Council

over15 years of developing the framework for green building

LEED is an internationally recognized green building certification


system, providing:

verification that a building or community was designed and built using


strategies aimed at improving performance across all the metrics that matter
most:

design,
construction
operation.

energy savings,
water efficiency,
CO2 emissions reduction,
improved indoor environmental quality
stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts.

LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design)

Is world renown with over 100,000 LEED Professionals Globally in 50 US


states and more than 41 countries. The number of projects that require
LEED accredited professionals involved in building projects is growing.

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

LEED v4 - 2012 LATEST VERSION

LECTURE 1

LEED v4 - 2012 focusing more to


combat essential issues :

Less is More in v4

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

History and background-continue

US Green Building Council organizes:

Membership, training, accreditation and certification.


Current and future jobs will demand accreditation for design professionals.

LECTURE 1

History and background

World Green Building Council.


Green Building Councils have developed the following rating
systems around the globe:

Australia - Green Star


Canada - LEED Canada
Germany - German Sustainable Building Certification
India- IGBC Rating System & LEED India TM Green Building Rating
Systems
Japan - Comprehensive Assessment System for Building
Environmental Efficiency (CASBEE)
New Zealand - Green Star NZ
South Africa - Green Star SA
United Kingdom BREEAM (Building Research Establishment
Environmental Assessment Method)
Italy - LEED Green Building Rating System
China used LEED Green Building Rating System for the Olympics,
working on its own sustainability standards
United States - LEED Green Building Rating System
Romania RoGBC
LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

History and background


So Many Standards WHICH ONE TO FOLOW?

International green Construction Code ( IgCC ) issued in 2012 once endorsed by


states government, will become the single International Code for compliance with
minimum Green Design Standards.

LECTURE 1

History and background


Sustainable theories are not new .
Were known and applied since 15th century at
locations around the globe :

Villages in Himalayan mountains


Gothic Cathedrals
Peasant farmhouses great examples are in Romania
Industrial buildings of the 19th century
Hi-tech LEED certified buildings of today

Their common goal :


provide shelter and security for the basic physical
functions of life and at times also for commercial, industrial
and agriculture activity [Encyclopedia Britannica].

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

History and background


Peles Castle started in 1875 in Sinaia
Scope of Work, statement:

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LEED over 15 years history and going

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

LEED 15 years history and going

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Why Learning about Sustainability ?


Future jobs are in Green technologies

Green building sector grows fast, and more and


more:

Buildings professionals,

owners,

and operators are seeing the benefits of green


building.
Job growth in green design area is expected to
increase nearly four times the job growth for all
other occupations combined.
A number of international initiatives, including
billions in new investments in:

renewable energy,

energy efficiency, and

energy research are likely to accelerate the


job growth.
Many of these positions will be in the energy
sector; however facility engineering will see its
share of green jobs growth.
Getting those jobs without some kind of industryspecific academic or business experience can be
difficult.
Few schools offer specialized programs, but a
better choice might be enrolling in a few courses in
an engineering school, or find an industry-specific
class.
If nothing else, you will demonstrate an interest in
the green industry.

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

GPRO

GPRO the Urban Green Council


program is NYC equivalent to
USGBC has introductory
classes in sustainability such as:
Fundamentals, Construction
Management, Operations &
Maintenance, etc.

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Sustainability in private sector

LECTURE 1

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Professionals initiatives

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Why Sustainability ?

Why is Sustainability important now and how building design


can help the environment?

Buildings are the single largest contributor to global warming,


accounting for almost half of the total annual US energy consumption
and CO2 emission.
40% of primary energy use. Primary energy is : Solar energy ,Wind
power Fossil fuels Hydro power, Nuclear fuels, Geothermal power
72% electricity consumption
39% CO2 emissions carbon dioxide
13.6% potable water consumption
40% of the raw material used
30% of the waste output
Data by US Energy Information Administration

Conditions above are assumed to be true if not worst in most


countries today.
LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Why Sustainability ?
CO2 emission = greenhouse gas = climate change

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Why Sustainability ?

What Green Building Addresses:

Climate change
Resource depletion
Water consumption
Degradation of ecosystem / habitat
Indoor environmental quality
Occupant comfort and productivity

LECTURE 1

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Why Sustainability ?

What Green Building can do:

Reduce overall energy use in buildings by 24%-50%


Reduce CO2 emissions caused by buildings by 33%39%
Reduce water use in buildings by 40%
Reduce solid waste generated in buildings by 70%

The architect should know how to achieve the


above sustainability goals.

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Why Sustainability ?

What Green Building brings:

Economic prosperity
Social responsibility
Environmental leadership

The architect should be part of the sustainable


team and should know what is his / her
contribution to achieve the sustainability goals of
the Client.

LECTURE 1

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Why Sustainability ?

How can a design professional address


green building?

Or

Is this a new and different type of building?


Is this an added new design set of standards to existing
ones?

It is both.

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Why Sustainability ?

Benefits of Green Building :

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Cost Implications:

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Cost Implications:
The 2006 study shows there is no significant
difference in average cost for green buildings as
compared to non-green buildings

Historical data shows that:

The cost of Green Revisited, David Langdon 2007

Traditionally vernacular sustainable buildings are low cost.


The low cost design is always best design.
Good design is good business for bottom line.

New accounting methods is needed:

ROI Return on investment = payback time


Life cost analysis = the cost of an item from inception to
the end of its life
LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Cost Implications:
Life Cycle Cost Analysis:
Identify cost per each sustainable design category as initial
investment vs. long term savings and payback periods.
The Life Cycle Cost is of importance in facilities design
because:
the initial cost of the building can be easily controlled during the
design process,
the entire cost of a facility is now being considered on longer and
full life parameters called Life Cycle Cost Analysis.
These parameters are:
original product cost,
installation cost,
maintenance cost,
demolition costs,
disposal costs.
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Cost Implications:

Cost and benefits

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Cost Implications:

In Reality it is a new market shift:

Green buildings attract business at a higher rental


rate and selling price due to:

Lower operating cost,


Good image in the community,
Higher productivity
Healthier for occupants and visitors

By design, the architect must focus on how to


bring success to a Clients bottom line following
sustainability standards.
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LECTURE 1

Green buildings attract business :


Lease Green in PA, this is the last space
left un-leased in a large
suburban office
building complex during
a slow rental market
2009 - 2013

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Green buildings attract business :


Developers in NJ
are using Green
design as
marketing tool to
attract tenants for
a suburban office
building during a
slow rental
market 2009 2013

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Green buildings attract business :


Lease Green in
Philadelphia
during a low
residential rental
market 2009 2013

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Green buildings attract business :

Lease Green in
Philadelphia
during a low
residential rental
market 2009 2013

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Green buildings attract business :


Lease Green in PA, this is a very popular
apartment building
complex still getting
peoples attention
even in a slow rental
market 2009 - 2013

LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Green buildings attract business :


Lease Green in PA, - this is a
very popular apartment
building complex still getting
peoples attention even in a
slow rental market 2009 - 2013

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Design Process a fundamental shift

Conventional Building design Process

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Design Process a fundamental shift

Conventional Building design Process


explained

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Design Process a fundamental shift

Integrative Design Process

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Design Process a fundamental shift

Integrative Design Process - explained:

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Design Process a fundamental shift

Integrative Design Process - explained:

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

1/14/2015

Design Process a fundamental shift

Integrative Design Process training offer:

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Rating Systems 6 Credit Categories

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Credit Categories Content:

The architects role is

prime at: site selection and design, indoor water (fixtures selections),
energy efficiency, waste management, indoor air and comfort.
secondary at most of the other LEED credits categories.

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Credit Categories Points:

Which items gain most points?

Daylight,
Water efficiency and reduction in its use,
Energy performance and renewable energy,
Recycling,
Innovative design ideas.

Which items are a MUST? - Prerequisites


They are called prerequisites points and they are mandatory for any
certificate level:

Pollution prevention,
Environmental assessment study,
Reduction of water use,
Energy performance,
Refrigerant selection,
Commissioning energy systems,
Sound control,
Indoor air quality (IAQ)
Environmental tobacco smoke control (ETS)
Recycling,
LECTURE 1

Copyright 2011 Michael Perciali


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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Credit Categories Impact:

The height of each bar illustrates the


relative importance of impact on the
environment and how LEED points
are distributed.
Greenhouse gas emission reduction is
priority 1 for LEED points due to its
direct impact on Climate change.

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LEED Rating System

The LEED rating system addresses these 9 types and


scopes of projects, these are subject to change in new
versions of LEED:

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Sustainable Design Lecture 1

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Leed Rating System

Carbon footprint

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LEED Rating System

Carbon Overlay

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