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Intelligent Monitoring and Control Rendered to

Street Lighting

Industry of street lighting systems are growing rapidly and going to


complex with rapid growth of industry and cities. To control and maintain complex
street lighting system more economically, various street light control systems are
developed. Nevertheless most of developed systems have some drawbacks. So we
are going to develop new light control system which can overcome old systems
drawbacks. We surveyed various street light control systems and analyzed its
characteristics. Through these efforts, we found that common drawbacks of most
light control systems are uneasiness of handling and difficulty of maintenance. To
reduce uneasiness of handling and difficulty of maintenance in operating light
control system, we designed new street light control system by using Zigbee
communication technique. In this thesis, we describe on the H/W design of new
street light control system designed by using Zigbee communication protocol.
We developed a prototype street light control system. Developed control
system is composed of 3 different units, centralized control system, remote
concentrator and remote street light control terminal. Among them, remote
concentrator and remote street light control terminal are H/W based system and
developed with same specification we described in section 2. Centralized control
system is developed for windows 2000 based server system and most of developing
works was S/W oriented.
Zigbee is rising communication protocol that can be used for wide range of
application. Although it do not have broadband characteristics, its low price and
adequate communication characteristics, for example low power consumption,
makes it good candidate for communication protocol. Followings are some list of
main characteristics. Data rate : 250 kbps(2.4 GHz),Power consumption :
60mW,Distance : up to 100m According to our survey on street light control system,
data rate of maximum 10kbps is sufficient. Zigbees relatively low data transfer
capacity is not make any handicap and we can reduce data rate to improve
reliability of data transfer. Short communication distance also does not make any

problem. Span between light poles are within 100m, and this is sufficient for
communication because we can transfer data to more long distance by reducing
data rates. In this we have done additional applications the lights are going to
ON/OFF depend on the density of the light by using Light Density Sensors, and also
to give the alert to the EB stations if in case of any power failures and other
identification to the centralized stations.

Problem Statement:
Manual control at the particular place
Time based control
Manually monitored
Wired communication
More complex

Proposed System:
monitoring and control
Wireless communication
Simple
High reliability

Remote Street Light Control Terminal:


Power
Power
Supply
Supply

Zigbee
ZigbeeModule
Module

IRIRSensor
Sensor

Micro
Micro
Controller
Controller
Unit
Unit

Driver Unit

PIR
PIRSensor
Sensor

Lamp2

Lamp1

Remote Concentrator:

Power
Power
Supply
Supply

Zigbee
Zigbee
Module
Module

Micro
MicroController
Controller
Unit
Unit

LCD
LCDModule
Module

Level
Level
Converter
Converter

RS232
RS232
Connector
Connector

In this unit is used to control the single street light. We use current transformer and
potential transformer for measuring current and voltage of the individual lamp. By
using the two parameters we can detect which type of fault occurred in the terminal
unit. If the voltage value is equal to zero, then there is possible situation for line
fault. If the current value is equal to zero, then the load have problem

Remote Concentrator:
This unit has ability to monitor and control the street lights in more than one
area.The unit also sends information to Remote centralized control system about
which area lights are working and not working through GSM modem.

Remote centralized control system:


This unit major function is monitoring more number of Remote Concentrator.
It also used to turn on the street lights regularly.

Hardware Tools:
Microcontroller(PIC)
Relay
Sensors: IR and PIR
Bulb

Software Tools:
Keil IDE
Flash Magic
Proteus
ORCAD design
Language: Embedded C

Applications:
Power theft identification
Meter reading
Automatic Home control