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### CBSE Model Question Paper Physics (Theory)

Class: XI

General Instructions:

• (i) All questions are compulsory.

Max.Marks: 70 Time: 3 hours

(ii) There are 30 questions in total. Questions 1to 8 are very short answer type questions

 (iii) and carry one mark each. Questions 9 to 18 carry two marks each, questions 19 to 27 carry three marks each (iv) and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each. There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one

question of two marks, one

question of three marks and all three questions of

five marks each. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such questions.

 1 State the number of significant figures in the following:- (a) 0.0007 m 2 1 (b) 2.64 x 10 24 2 Why is spring made of steel not of copper? 1 3 Does the work done in moving a body depend on how fast or how slow the body is moved? Justify your answer. 1 4 What is the angle between two vectors if the ratio of their dot product and cross product is √3? 1 5 A tuning fork of unknown frequency gives 5 beats per second when sounded with a fork of frequency 280 Hz. Find the unknown frequency. 1 6 Why do we prefer to use a wrench (spanner) of longer arm? 1 7 A car and a truck are moving on a level road so that their linear momenta are equal. Which one is moving faster? 1 8 Should the speed of two artificial satellites of the earth having different masses but the same orbital radius, be the same? 1 9 There is a bug who moves from point A to point B and then finally to C in 5 seconds. 2

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a) Are the speed and velocity of the bug different in the total journey?

b) Find the numerical value of the average velocity.

 10 What do you mean by anomalous expansion of water? What is the significance of the temperature 4 0 C for water? 2 11 a) What is Pascal’s law for transmission of pressure in a liquid? 2 (b) Explain why the blood pressure in human body is greater at the feet than at the brain. 12 A simple harmonic motion is represented by y = 10 sin (20 t + 0.5). 2 Write down it’s iv) time period. a) amplitude b) angular frequency c) initial phase 13 State Newton’s law of gravitation. Show the relation between g and G. 2
• 14 Derive an expression for escape velocity of a body from the surface of earth. 2

 15 Define power. Show that power can be expressed as the dot product of force and velocity. 2 16 A cat is able to land on its feet after a fall. How? 2 OR How will you distinguish between a hardboiled egg and a raw egg by spinning each on a table top? 17 Two buses are running along the same straight road at 50 km/h and 68km/h respectively. If the first bus is ½ km ahead of the second bus, calculate the time taken by the second bus to overtake the first bus. 2 18 Check the dimensional consistency of the following equation 2 ½ mv 2 = mgh 19 While training his troop, an Army Commanding Officer instructed the soldiers to march in an orderly manner. He was very strict and consistent in this regard. On the other hand, when they approached a suspended bridge he strictly instructed the troop to go out of steps. 3

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 a) Why should an Army Officer be very strict in his duties? b) Being a Science student, how do you give an explanation for his concern while marching over a bridge? 20 What is a projectile? Show that the horizontal range of projectile is maximum at 45 0 . 3 21 Derive the equation of motion x = v 0 t + ½ at 2 . 3 22 State the law of conservation of linear momentum. A 40 kg shell is flying at a speed of 72km/h. It explodes into two pieces, one piece of mass 15 kg stops. Calculate the velocity of the other piece. 3 23 State work - energy principle. A bullet of mass 50 g moving with a velocity of 400m/s strikes a wall and goes out from the other side with a velocity of 100m/s. Calculate the work done in in passing through the wall. 3 24 Define surface tension and surface energy. Prove that surface energy is numerically equal to the surface tension. 3 OR What do you understand by angle of contact? Mercury does not wet glass but water does. Explain in terms of angle of contact. 25 Define moment of Inertia. Derive the relation between torque and moment of inertia. 3 26 State Newton’s formula for velocity of sound in gases. Discuss Laplace correction. a) 3 b) What is the effect of temperature and humidity on the velocity of sound? 27 State the theorem of parallel axis and perpendicular axis on moment of inertia. 3 28 State Newton’s second law of motion. Derive the relation F = ma. a) 5 b) A force of 5N acting on a certain mass, which is at rest, for 3 seconds gives it a velocity of 2 m/s. Find the mass.

OR

Explain the banking of road at turns. Derive the expression for maximum

possible velocity of a car on banked road

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 29 State and prove Bernoulli’s theorem. Give two applications of it. 5 OR State Stokes law. Derive an expression for terminal velocity of a sphere moving down through a viscous fluid. 30 Derive expression for the kinetic and potential energies of a harmonic oscillator. Hence show that total energy is conserved in simple harmonic motion. Draw the graph to show the variation of kinetic and potential energy with amplitude. 5

OR

What is Doppler’s effect of sound? Obtain an expression for apparent frequency of sound when

a) Listener moves towards the stationary source.

b) Source and listener are approaching each other.

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