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Torts and Damages

I.

General Consideration
a. Torts
i.
DEFINITION: Naguiat vs. NLRC, GR No. 116123, March 13, 1997
ii.
ELEMENTS: Garcia vs. Salvador, 518 scra 568

II.

Quasi-delict
a. Definition: Picart vs. Smith
b. Degrees of Negligence : Ilao-Oretar vs. Ronquillo, 535 scra 633
c. Standard of Conduct
i.
General Rule : Picart vs. Smith
ii.
Special Circumstances : Hrs. of Completo vs. Albayada, GR
172200, July 6, 2010
iii.
Children: Taylor vs. Manila Railroad
iv.
Experts: Culion vs.Philippines
d. Negligence as Proximate Cause
i.
Definition: Vda. De Bataclan vs. Medina, GR L-10126
ii.
The Cause
*Proximate : Mercury Drug vs. Baking, GR 156037
*Concurrent : Far Eastern vs CA, GR 130068, Oct. 1, 1998
*Remote : Manila Electric vs. Remoquillo, 99 phil 117
*Intervening: Phoenix Construction
iii. Proof of Negligence: PLDT vs. CA, GR. 57079, Sept. 29, 1989
e. Presumption of negligence
i.
Res ipsa loquitur : D.M. Consunji vs Ca, GR 137873
ii.
Respondeat Superior: Castile vs Vasquez, GR 132266, Dec. 21,
1999
iii.
Violation of traffic rules: Guillang vs. Bedania, GR 118889, March
23, 1998
iv.
Posesssion of Dangerous weapons and Substances (Art. 2188)

III.

Defenses Against Charge of Negligence


a. Plaintiffs negligence is the Proximate Cause : Bernardo vs Legaspi, 29
phil 12
b. Contributory Negligence (Art. 2179): Taylor vs. Manila Electric and
Railroad, GR 4977, March 22, 1910
c. Assumption of Risk : Afialda vs. Hisole, GR L-2075, Nov. 29, 1949
d. Last Clear Chance : Picart vs. Smith
e. Prescription (Art. 1146) : Kramer vs. Ca, GR 83524, Oct. 13, 1989
f. Fortuitous Event (Art. 1174) : Hernandez vs COA, GR 71871, Noc. 6,
1989
g. Exercise of diligence (Art. 2180)
h. Mistake and Waiver : Gatchalian vs Ca, GR 5687, Oct. 21, 1991
i. Damnum Absque Injuria : Napocor vs Ca, GR 96410, July 3, 1992
j. Emergency Rule: Mckee vs IAC, 211 scra 519
k. Volenti Non-fit Injuria: INERCO vs CA, 179 scra 5

IV.

Vicarious Liability

a. PARENTS & GUARDIANS


Elcano vs. Hill, GR L-24803, May 26, 1977
Exconde vs. Capuno, GR L-10134, June 1957
b. OWNERS & MANAGERS of ESTABLISHMENTS
Cangco vs. Manila Railroad, 38 phil 768
c. STATE
Fontanillas vs. Maliamanm, GR 55963, Dec. 1, 1989, Feb. 27, 1991
d. TEACHERS & HEADS of ACADEMIC ESTABLISHMENTS
ST. Francis vs CA, GR 82465, Feb. 25, 1991
Amadora vs. ca, GR L-47745
PSBA vs. CA, GR 84698
V.

VI.
VII.

VIII.

Primary/Strict Liability
a. POSESSORS & OWNERS of ANIMALS (Art. 2183)
Vestil vs. IAC , 179 scra 48
b. OWNERS OF MOTOR VEHICLES (Art. 2184)
Caedo vs. Yu Khe Thai, Gr. L-20392, 26 scra 410
c. MANUFACTURERS & PROCESSORS (ART. 2187)
d. MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS (SRT. 2189) (2sec. 24, RA 7160)
Guilatco vs. City of Dagupan, 171 scra 382
Cityof Manila vs. Teotico
e. BUILDING PROPRIETORS (ART. 2190-2193)
De Roy vs CA, 157 scra 757
f. ARCHITECTS & ENGINEERS (ART. 2192 & 1723)
Kindred Torts/ Medical Practice
Batiquin vs. CA, GR. 118231, July 5, 1996
Reyes vs Sisters of Mercy, GR 1130547, Oct. 3, 2000
Special Torts in Human Relations
a. ABUSE OF RIGHTS (ART. 19)
Citytrust Banking vs. Villanueva, 361 scra 446
b. ACTS & OMISSIONS CONTRARY TO MORALS (Art. 20-21)
Ruiz vs. Sec. of Natl Defense, 9 scra 925
c. UNJUST ENRICHMENT
Perez vs. Pomar, 2 Phil. 682
d. JUDICIAL VIGILANCE (Art. 24)
e. THOUGHTLESS EXTRAVAGANCE (Art. 25)
f. RIGHT TO PRIVACY (Art. 26)
St. Louis Realty vs CA, GR L-46061, Nov. 14, 1984
g. DERELICTION of DUTY (Art. 27)
Pilar vs. SB, 128 scra 173
h. UNFAIR COMPETITION (Art. 28)
US vs. Manuel, 7 phil 221
i. Art. 29
Sapira vs. Ca, 314 scra 370
j. Art. 31
Republic vs. Bello, 120 scra 203
k. Violation of Constitutional Rights (Art. 32)
Aberca vs. Ver, 160 scra 590
Nuisance

Velasco vs. Meralco, 40 scra 342


Bengson vs. Pangasinan
Part II
(Damages)
I.

General Provisions
a.Definition
b.Concept
c.Distinguished damage, injury
d.Purpose
e.Kinds
Aznar vs. Citibank

II.

Actual/Compensatory (Art. 2199-2215)


Hicks vs Manila Hotel, 28 scra 235

III.

Other Kinds
a. Moral (Arts. 2217-2220)
R & B Surety vs IAc, 129 scra 736
b. Nominal (Art. 2221-2223)
Algarra vs Sandejas, 27 phil 284
c. Temperate / Moderate (Arts. 2224-2225)
GSIS vs. LAbung-Deang, 365 scra 341
d. Liquidated (Arts. 2226-2228)
Mencaves vs. Tevez, 449 scra 380
e. Exemplary / Corrective
Octot. Vs Ybanez, Gr L-48643, Jan. 18, 1992