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BS 1868 : 1975

UDC 6B8.6 : 821.646.248 : (169.14

Confirmed, November 1901


Reprinted. incorporrtlng Amendment No. 1

Specification for

Steel check va
butt-welding e
petroleum, pe
allied industrie

NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY

COPYRIGIK LAW

fhb Brltbh Standard. havlr@ bean approved by lhr Potrokum Equlprnonl Industry Sundardr Commlltea, WII publbhed undu the
ruthorlty of the Executln Board on 28 Nonmkr 1975.
oarltbh standudl Ilutit?lllon# 1975
l-In1 publhhod, Juna 1932
Plrsl r&bn, March IWO
Swond r&ion.Novombor 197s
ISBN: 0 SSO 08817 0
CoWrIght
Urn of British Standwcb am mminded that copyri6hhl subsids in all BSI publications. No prt of this publication may be
reproduced in my form without the prior pcrmiuion in whir@ of BSI. This doer no1 preclude the fra uw, in the court of
tmplemcnGnl ~hc standard. of ncccuary darib such u symbola and size. type or 6ruk designations. Enquirin by pou should be
add& to the Publications Manager, Britbh Standntdr Indilution. Linford Wood. Milton Keynr MK I4 6LE. The number for
~clcphom enquiries is O!MM 220022 and for tclcn 825777.
Contrwt roqulromonta
Attenrion Ir drawn to the fact that tNs British Standard doer not purport to include r31 the neccmuy prw&ioludrwntract.
Ravlslon of Brltlrh Standard@
In ardor to keep rbraat of propcrc ia the industrka concarnul, British Standa& am rubjax to periodkal rev&w. Sullo(ioru
for improvementa will be rocordcd and in duo coumu brouftht to the pot&x of the committea C~SQU! with the mvbbn of the
standa& to whkh tbcy r&r.
B&h Standa& arc rcvkd. when m. by the issue either of amendnum~ slip or of rev&ed editions. It b hporm~ thu
rmdknbbsmw&
doddmamlstY~yrrbpurlolldtbo~
m or odltbm. Full infbmution on all
BSI pubiiitiw, numb&nS over !XK@ will be found in the BSI COU/O~. This infonnrtion ir urpplementat by details published
ach month in ES/ News ofnew publications, revMona and rmandmants
BSI NIWS L rvrilable to Wmcribii Mcmben of the Inailution. All other publiaticnu may be purchued direct from Sala
Lkputmont. Enquiries &mceAnS &scribinS mcmbenhip. which hrr conokkmbla advantya, will be welcomed, and should be
nmdctoSubBcriptionsDcputMlt. BauldcpMrnentsareloatedat:
Litird Wood. MIlton Ke)m MI14 6LE (Tobpbomr ow(I 22BBU; Tokx B2S777).
llre followlru BSI reform relate to the work on Lb rtandard:
CommIttee reforonca PEE/l Draft for commennt 74/74150 DC

Co-operating organizations
The Pelroleum Equipment lndurtry Standards Committee. undor whose ruporvidon thb Bri(lrh Siandard wan prepared. conrblr of
rcpmmntrtivea from the folIowily Government department and scientific and industrial oq@aatbns:
Britimh Can Corporation
Britil Me&anical Engineering Confederation
British Rubber Manufacturers Association Ltd.
* Britinh Steel Industry

l
l

Council of British Manufactumn of Petrolsum Equipment


Department of Energy
Oil Companim Materials Association

The industrial orgrnizstionr marked with an anterisk in the above list, to6ethcr with the followinL, were directly represented on
the Commiltec entrusted with the preparelion of this atandrrd:
Asso&tion of Hydraulic Equipment Manufacturers
British Chomicai Eqincerin~ Conlncton Association
British Industrial Measuring and Control Appamtur
Manufacturers Association
British Plastics Federation

9207-7

British Ship Reaasrch Association


British Valve Manufacturers Awciation

En&axing Equipment Userr Anocintion


Steel Caslinga Association

BS 1868 : 1975
UDC 688.8 : 621.646.248 : 8118.14

Specification for

Steel check valve


butt-welding end
petrochemical an

Soupapes darr& en acier (ext&mit& b brides ou g souder en bout)


utilis&s dans I industrie pt%roli&re, I industrie pkrochimique et les
industries connexes
Absperrventile aus Stahl (mit geflanschten bzw. stumpfgeschweissten
Enpen) fiir die Petroleum- petrolchemische und vekvandte lndustrien
Amendments issued since publication
Amd. No.

6663

I July -1QQO

Date of issue

I Text afTected
I

Indicated by a line in the margin

BS 1868 : 1975
Contents
prsp
Co-operrting orgmi7ationr
Foreword

lnridd front cover


3

Section one. Qlnnnl


1. Scope
2. References
3. DetInitiona
4. Pmnum cl8&flcrUon
5. Prosaum/tempentum ntlnp
6. Nominalsirsr
7. Information to be supplied by
the purch8ser

13.
14.
15.

MY

cover
Disk, piston or ball
Piston and ball guides
Hinge and hinge pin (swing type) and
spindle support cage (disk type)
Special fItmenta
Cover bolting
Soft seal ring

22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.

four.
M ark ing

Required rnarklngs
Body and nameplate markings
Cover marking
My mrldnl
Direction of flow
Nameplate marking
Additional markings
Omtuion of mrrldnga

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13

Section five. Tosting


5

36.

Production pressure testing

13

btion six. Shipping


:
8
8
8
8
9
9

bction three. Materials


16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

28.
29.
30.
;;
33:
34.
35.

Sactlon two. Dosign


8.
9:
10.
11.
12.

Soction

Shell
Body scat ring
Body/cover gasket and pipe plug gasket
Disk, piston or ball
Trim
Hinge (swing type) and spindle support

9
9
9
9
10

ZdU type)
Cover bolting
Nameplate
Soft seal ring
Special fitments
Special applications

10
10
10
10
10
10
10

37. Pr&nlnary
38. Preparation for dmpatch
39. Pack@Ig

13
13
13

Appendices
A. Application to piping systems with
BS4504: Part 1 flangea

21

T~bla
1.
2.

Dimensiona of check valves

Trim materials, hardness and acceptable


8pecifications
2(a). Test durations
3. Nominal pressure and class ratings and
nominal size range
4. Table deleted

t: 1

Figures
1. Swing type check valves
2. Piston type check valves
3. Ball type check valves
4. Ball type check valve
5. Disk type check valves
6. Butt-welding ends

14
16
17
18
19
20

BS 1868 : 1975
Foreword
Thh Brltirh Standard is one of a series prepared under
the authority of the Petroleum Equipment Industry
Standards CommIttee. It was first publlshad in 1952
when materiala mfermd to in iI were descrlbed by
reference to ASTM rpecifhzations. In 1960 a revision
of BS 1868 was published In order to bring It into
atignment with the 1958 editions of BS I501 to 1506
and BS 1560. This edition k the metric version of
BS 1868, and wherever possible metric dlmenslons
and references are given. The recogni7Ad metric
nominal piping sizes have been used.
The previous sections dealing with test have not
been included in this standard as these are now the
subject of a separate standard BS 6755
Testing of
valves. Part I. Specification for production pressure
testing requirements .
NOTE. Requiremanti for fInal inspaction and mppbmentary
lqactlon at a8 sta8os of manufacture, previowly apedfbd
br BS 5146 : Part 1 : 1974 (now wlthdnwn) louId ba -ted
by tlw purcharr ln ti enquiry or order.

Disk type and angle pattern valves and buttwelding end versions of all types have been added and
the range has been extended to incorporate larger sizes.

The face-to-face and end-tocnd dimensions of


valves complying with the requirements of this
standard, where applicable. are in accordance with
ANSI B16-IO but are not now included here, as these
are in BS 2080 Specification for face-to-face.centreto-face. end-to-end and centre-locnd dimensions of

flanged and but t-welding end stcwl valves for Ihe


petroleum, petrochemical and allied industries
. End
flangea are in accordance with BS 1560: Part 2
(which corresponda IO ANSI 816-5) and butt-welding
ends are in rccordanco with ANSI B16-25.
NOTE. Umr mqulmmcn(, for valvw generally In accorbncc
wilh thb Itmndard. but rultabk for uw In pip&18 atoms wlth
llacl(m complyln( wlth the requirements of BS 4 r04 : Part I,
M dealt with In appandlx A.
7I1o range of shell materials har been extended

to align with the latest edltion of BS 1560: Pnrt 2;


also the range of materlals for the trim and other
components has been extended.
This standard does not cover valvea suitable for
the passage of spheres or pig scrapers.
It is drawn to the reader r attention that at rhe
time of publication of this standard proposals are
under discussion in CENIWG74, Flanges , effectively
recommending that the use of BS 4504 (DIN) flanges
be limited to 40 bar maximum ratings. Such proposals
may possibly result in the publfcation of a European
Standard.
Acknowledgement Is made to the American
Petroleum Institute and to the American National
Standards Institute for data used.

BS 1868 : 1975
British Standard Specification for

Steel check valves (flanged and


butt-welding ends) for the petroleum,
petrochemical and allied industries
SBctiqn OnB. GmBrBl
This British Standard specifies requirements for casl or forged steel check vaivcs with flanged or butt-weldlng ends
of the following types:
(a) swing, for vertical or horizontal flow (see figure I);
(b) lift:
(i) piston type, for

angle or horizontal flow (see figure 2);


(ii) ball type, for angle or horizontal flow (see figure 3);
(iii) ball type, for vertical flow (see figure 4);
(iv) disk type, for vertical flow (see figure 5).
The lerms vertical , horizontal and anglerelate
to the axes of the body ends.
When swing check valves are used in vertical lines the flow must be in an upward direction. For the purposes of
this standard any line with a dope (upward or downward) of 5 or less is deemed to be horizontal. In the case of
angle pattern valves the inlet should be vertical.
2. References
The titles of the British Standards referred to in this standard are listed on the inside back cover.
3. Definitions

nominal size. The nominal size (DN) is a numerical designation of size that is common to all components in a
piping system other than those using valves, fittings, couplings or tubes that are designated by the outside
diameter. It is a convenient round number for reference purposes and is normally only loosely related to
manufacturing dimensions.
4. Pressure clartification

This standard applies to valves of the following class designations:


Classes 150,300,400,600,900,1500 and 2500.
The numerals in these class designations represent the primary pressure ratings of the valves in pounds force per
square inch.
5. Pressure/temperature rating5
The pressure/temperature ratings applicable to valves covered by this standard shall be in accordance with tables
PE 1 to PE 12 as listed in BS 1560: Part 2 for the particular shell material specified. There is, however, a
temperature restriction on certain trim materials and soft seal ring (see clause 15 and 20.4).
If valves complying with the requirements of this standard are to be used at service temperatures below -30 C,
reference should be made to BS 335 I. ( Service temperature refers to the temperature of the fluid in the line at
the valve.)
6. Nominal sizes

This standard covers valves of the following nominal si7,es.


mm

in

mm

in

mm

in

mm in

15
20
25
32
40

(H)
@)
(1)
(I%)*
(1%)

50
65
80
100
150

(2)
(2n)*
(3)
(4)
(6)

200
250
300
350
400

(8)
(10)
(12)
(14)
(16)

450
500
600

(18)
(20)
(24)

For each valve class and type, the range of &es covered by this standard is shown in table 1.
l These rizer have been retained only for the purpose of replacingexistily valves. Their use for new construction inpipmg
systems using end flanges complying with the requirements of BS 1560: Part 2 should be avoided.

BS 1868 : 1975
7. lnformstion to k supplid by th0 plWChM@r
Certain clauses of thlr standard
parrnit
alternatives. If the purchaser requlrea features that depart from the

requirements of this standard, he shall state the following in hh enquiry and purchase order:
(a) type class and nominal alto. In the case of piston, ball and disk types (typaa (i), (li) and (iv)), state whether
vertical, horizontal or angle pattern Is required (see clauses 1.4, S and 6).
(b) whether flanged or butt-welding ends arc required:
(1) if flangad ends are required, state whether welded-on ilanges are acceptable (see 8.6) and the type of
facing (see 8.7);
(2) if butt-welding ends are required, state the pipe schedule number or wall thickness and outside diameter
(see 8.8);
(c)whether shell tappinga are required and, if so, the location and the type of thread if other than API
Standard SB (see 8.10);
(d) whether a loading spring is required (see clause 13);
(e) whether a locking ring is required for the hinge pln plug (see clause 12);
(f) whether an outside attachment is required; also if a non&m or damping device la required (see clause 13);
(g) whether soft seals are mquired and if so, whether these are required to be in disk seats or body scats (sea
clause 15);
(h) the shell material (see clause 16);
(i) the nominal trim material symbol (see clause 20);
(j) material for cover bolting, if required for operation at process design temperatures below -30 OC or above
480 C, or for other special operating conditions (see clause 23);
(k) whether any special packing is required for outside lever hinge pin; or the packing design temperature if
above 400 C (see 26.12);
(1) apeciai material requirements for valves in highly corrosive services or environment or for low temperature
service (see clause 27);
(m) whether any additional markings are required (see clause 34);
(n) if a lower seat test leakage rate is required for metal seated valves (see clause 36);
(0) requirements for special packaging(see clause 39).
Section two. Design

a.
Body
8.1 The body design criteria specified in 8.2 to 8.11 shall be observed.
8.2 The body shall be designed to minimize pressure loss as well as corrosive and erosive effects. The body end
port shall be circular.
8.3 In the case of swing type and combined horizontal and vertical ball type valves, the
fuU port area shall be
maintained without pockets from the inlet port to the valve seat to avoid turbulence. On the outlet side of the
valve seat of swing type valves, the body shall be of such proportions that it allows sufficient swing of the disk to
give a flow area at least equivalent to full port area.
8.4 The waU thickness of the body shall conform to the thickness as given in table 1. Drilling of, or pinning
to, the wall of a pressure-containing part, e.g. for nameplate fling, is not permissible where such drilling or
pinning would reduce the effective thickness below the minimum permitted value.
8.5 Face-to-face and centre-to-face dimensions for raised face flange end valves and end-toend and centre-to-end
dimensions for butt-welding end and ring-joint flange and valves shall conform to the dimensions specified in
BS 2080.
8.6 End flanges shall be cast or forged integral with the body except that flanges may be attached by welding if
so specified in the:purchase order. The welds of end flanges attached by butt-welding shall comply with the
requirements of BS 3351 and shall have any necessary heat treatment as required by BS 3351 to ensure that they
are suitable for service temperatures down to -30 C. Flange attachment by other welding processes shall be the
subject of agreement between the manufacturer and the purchaser. All heat treatment after welding on of flanges
shall be carried out before machining of the body.

Table 1. Dimensions of clwck valves*


NOdMl

Inside diameter at Sangu (minimum)

BodythicknaM(rninilntunq

siae

CbClrr~clorcluctuclrp;
150 3tm 400 600 900 1500 2500

ClaaaCIamaaraamchrcbrchr
IS0 300 400 600 900 1500 2500

mm mm mm mm

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

mm

in

mm mm mm

I5

45

IS

15

I5

13

13

4.8

4.8

6.4

20

20

20

20

I9

19

4.8

4.8

7.9

25

25

25

25

22

19

6.4

6.4

I. 9

32

1st

32

32

32

29

25

6.4

6.4

8.6

40

I!4

38

38

38

35

6.4

I.9

9.3

95

50

29

51

51

51

48

38

8.7

R16

R16

14.2

175

RI7

Rl8

RI8

22.2

R25

R26

Rx

R319

luIpiR3

80

76

76

76

73

70

57

10.3

11.9

12.7

100

102

102

102

102

98

92

73

11.1

12.7 12.7 15.9 21.4

15 0

152

152

152

152

200

203

203

203

200

250

10

254

254

254

248

238

222

300

12

305

305

305

298

283

264

350

14

337

337

333

327

400

16

387

387

381

375

450

I8

438

432

432

419

400

371

489

483

479

464

444

416

19.0 27.0 33.3

591

584

575

490

20.6 30.2 36.5 50.8

533

It15

11.9

559

15.1

R23

24

12.7

11.1

600

RI3

R2.3

9J

20

R22

48

500

RI3

19.0 22.2

57

330

11.1

356

13.5

11.1

R20

64

289

RI1

311

R20

64

178

Rll

R19

64

190

15.0 19.0

2%

137

11.1

65

146

9.5

runl~f=lirl~*
cJa%QrrQarau
150 300 400 600 9

23.4

19.0 23.8 30.2


286

R29

35.7

R36

R37

R37

R37

R45

RI5

111

11.9 15.9 16.7 19.0 26.2 38.1

48.4

R43

R45

146

12.7

17.5 19.0 25.4

31.8

47.S

619

R48

R49

R49

R49 R4

184

14.3 19.0 21.4 28.6

36.5

573

675

RS2

Rs3

Rs3

Rs3

66.7

863

RS6

RS7

RS7

RSI R5

Rs9

R61

R61

R61 R6

R64

R65

R65

R6s R6

R68

R69

R69

R69 R7

98.4

Rf2

R73

R73

RI3 R74

114.3

RI6

R-77

R77

RI7

219
-

15.9 20.6 23.8 31.8 42.1


16.7 22.2 27.0 34.9

46.0 69.8

17.5 23.8 28.6 38.1 52.4 79.4


18.3 25.4 30.2

41.3

573 889

44.4 63.5
73.0

* The mnge of dimensions for all patterns of check vafvea ir restricted to those covered in BS 2080.
t b&r cizes have been retained only for the purpose of replacing exlstlq valvea (see dausc 6).
$ Mlnimum body thickness at any point upon inspection.
9 For yabae of 80 mm nominal size, if intended for use with lapped flangea, the ring number should be R30.

BS 1868 : 1975
8.7 End flanges shall comply with the requirements of BS 1560: Part 2. Bnd flanges shall be one of the types
shown in ilgures 1 and 2 of BS 2080: 1974. The purchaser shall rpccify the type of facing required.
Valvcr generally in accordance
thI8 standard but sultabic
with
for uac in piping syatcms with flangea complying.
with the rcqulrements of BS 4504: Part I ahall comply with the requimments of appendix A.
8.8 Butt-welding ends shall conform to the detatls shown ln figure 6.
For butt-welding. end valws the minimum inslde dlamctcr of the body end port shall comply with the detalls
given in figure 6. Pipe schedule number, or pipe wall thickncu and outida diameter of the pipe. shall be tpecliled
by the purchwr.
When welding butt-welding end valves into piping systems, the welds and any necessary heat treatment shall
comply with the requirements of BS 335 1.
8.9 For flanged valws the minimum inside diameter of the body end port shall be as speciiicd ln table 1.
8.10 With the exception of ball and angle type valves for vcrticai/horixontal flow (sea ilgure 4), valves of sizes
50 mm and above aball have provision for a drrln tapping in the body on the bottom centre line. Any other
provision for tapping swing or lift pattern check valves shall be as specified by the purchaser and shall comply
with ilgure 1 as mgards location. If the metal thlckneu of the body ls insufiicient to provide the effective length
of the thread for body tapping, or if the body presents an uneven surface, bosses shall be provided.
Provlslon should be made for the body tappings below.
Nanliid Lalve.& Pl~e ta~~ln8 8ke
mm

50t0100

mm

(in) mm

1s

09

lSOand200 2

(S) 44

2SOand 300 2

350 and larger

40

(1) 54
(1%) 70

5ti-m diameter

38

If tapped holes are required, plugs shall be fitted.


Holes shall not be drilled or tapped unless specified in the purchase order, which should then state the thread
required (if other than API Standard 5B) and the location (see figure 1).
On valves of sizes below 50 mm, provision for tapping shall be as specified by the purchaser and shall comply
with Bgure 1 as regards location.
8.11 Separate seat rings in the body shall be employed except in the two cases below.
(a) Austenitic steel valves may have integral seats.
(b) Austenitic or hard-facing (body) seat materials may be deposited directly on the valve body; the minimum
finished thickness of the deposit shall then be 1.6 mm.
13 96 chromium seat material may be directly deposited only on separate steel seat rings; the minimum finished
thickness of the deposit shall then be 1.6 mm.
Seat rings may be shoulder seated or bottom seated at the option of the manufacturer and may be screwed in,
rolled in, or welded in unless one particular method is specified by the purchaser. Threaded seat rings shall be
provided with lugs or slots to facilitate rem&al. Shoulder-seated rings shall be designed ao that any clearance
between the back of the ring and the bottom of the ring recess shall not be greater than 1.6 mm for sizes 300 mm
(12 in) and smaller, and 3.2 mm for sixes 350 mm (14 in) and larger.
For swing type valves the body seat shall be inclined at an angle of approximately 5 o from the vertical to
facilitate closing and to prevent chatter.
Tack welding may be employed to prevent loosening (see BS 335 1).
The use of a sealing medium on the threads is not permissible.
9. Cover
9.1 For covers the design criteria specified in 9.2 to 9.5 shall be observed.
9.2 The cover thickness shall conform with the requirements given in table 1.
9.3 The body-to-cover connection shall be male-*&d-female, tongue-and-groove, or ring-joint type. Where possible
all body/cover connections and gaskets shall be of standard dlmenslons in accordance with BS 1560: Part 2,
except for Class 150, which may be flat face.

BS 1868 : 1975
9.4 The cowr flange and mating body flange &hail be of circular form, except lhal for wlws of ail clurer below
80 mm they may be quam or rectangular. Flanges shall be spot faced or back faced I spedfled In BS 1 MO:
Part 2.
9.5 The body-locover joint shall have at least four through-bolt8 of the following minimum size, excap( that for
nominal sizes below 40 mm stud, may be used. (See also clauac 14.)
MbtimumnanlnJ

NoBnhlJ rtu
dvalva

boll&a

mm

ln

1s to 50

I.

8Oto200
250 and larger

H
I.

10. Disk, piston or ball


10.1 D&k (win8 or hft type)
10.1 .l The d&k shall be of the renewable type with a flat seating face.
10.12 Disks may have lntqral faces or may be fitted with separate facing rings rolled in, directly deposited or
welded on. Directly deposited facings shall have a minimum finished thickness of 1.6 mm. In the case of swing
type valves the disk shall be secured to the hinge by a nut so as to allow for the self-seating of the disk on the
body seat. The nut shall be locked by ddlling and pinning.
10.13 In the case of Uft type valves the disk shall be flttcd on, or integral with, the disk spindle ao as to gbidc the
disk on to the body seat.
10.1.4 The use of a soft seal ring in the disk seat is dealt with in clause IS.
10.2 Piston. The piston shall be in the form of a cyUnder, which may be hollow, the lower end of which b shaped
to form a seating disk. The cylindrical part shall fit into a guide so as to make an effective dashpot and for this
purpose shall be provided with a bleed hole of proper size near the seating disk. Alternatively, the hole may be
provided in the piston guide. The piston and guide shall be of sufficient length to provide effective gddance over
the whole length of its travel. The seating face may be welddeposited, in which case it shall have a minimum
finished thickness of 1.6 mm.
10.3 Ball. In horizontal pattern valves the ball shall be constrained in the guide so that a cushioning effect is
obtained at the top end of travel.
11. Piston and ball guides
.
11 .l Piston and horizontal pattern ball type check valves shall be provided with a mmovable guide to guide the
piston or ball throughout its entire travel. If the guide is independent of the cover, the upper part of the guide
shall be closed and the guide shall be locked in position between the cover flange of the body and the cover;
the top of the guide shall be provided with a UNC tapped hole or other means to facilitate removal. The lower
part of the guide, whether integral with or independent of the cover, shall be a hollow cylinder or cage to
accommodate the piston or ball, permitting it to travel upwards for a sufficient distance to provide adequate
flow under the piston or ball when in the highest position.
11.2 Vertical or horizontal pattern ball type check valves shall be provided with guides that may be
integral with
the seat, with a grid that limits the travel of the ball but allows adequate flow when the ball is in the fully
open position.
12. Hinge and hinge pin (swing type) and spindle support cage (disk type)
12.1 A hinge and hinge pin shall be provided and mounted in the body so as to permit full movement of the
disk (see figure 1).
122 A cage shall be provided complete with bearing bush to guide the disk spindle.
12.3 Hinge pin plugs, where fitted, shall be suitably secured to prevent loosening in service.
13. Special fitments
13.1 Outside attachment. If specified in the purchase order and if the design will permit, the hinge pin may be
extended through the body of the valve. An outside lever with adjustable weights, damping device, fusible link

BS 1868 : 1975
device etc. to control the mowmcnt of the disk may be Med.
132 Loading spring. Consideration should be given to providing a spring to ensure more positive closing of the
valve where there & a
low dlffcren~ial pressure or when the process fluid is highly viscous.
or locking

14. cover bolting


14.1 The allowable working stress in bolting material for cover flanges at the primary ae~icc pmssurar In clause 4
shall not exceed 62 Ma*, assuming that the pressure acts upon an area clrcumscribcd by the outside periphery
of the gasket or, for a ring joint, that the pressure acts through the pitch drclc of the ring joint.
14.2 Cover llangc bolting shall be by stud bolts with a
nut at each end of each stud bolt. Stud bolts and nuts shall
comply with the requimmants of sections 1 and 3 of BS 4882: 1973.
14.3 For valves of 40 mm nominal slzc and below, studs ln accordance with BS 2693: Part 1 may be used.
16. Soft saal ring
15.1 A soft seal ring may be fitted in either the body seat or the disk seat as specitled by the purchaser. The
ring shall be designed to give a full metal-to-metal seal if the soft seal is inopemtlve or removed.

152 The seal ring shall be deslgncd to withstand a minimum of 2000 cycles of operation in dry atmospheric
conditions, there shall be no evidence of damage or cold flow, as mvealed by spreading over the metal seat, and
the valve shall meet the hydrostatic and ah tests spadfied in BS 5 146.
153 The effective operating temperature range of soft seal valves will be limited by the service temperature
of the seal material.
ktion three. Materials

16. Shell
The body and cover shall be of the mate&l specified in the purchase order, the selection being made from

thcxe listed in BS 1560: Part 2, except that flat covers may be made from plate complying with the requirements
of BS 1501 and having the same nominal composltlon as the body. The shell of butt-welding end valves of carbon
and carbon-molybdenum steels shall have the carbon content restricted as
(a) 0.25 96 maximum for carbon or carbon-molybdenum steels;
(b) 0.15 96 maximum for 5 96 Cr H % M O steel.

follows:

17. Body seat ring


A body seat ring made of a material different from its seating surface shall not be inferior to the shell material.
18. Body/cover gasket and pipe plug gasket
These shall be meta!lic spiral w&d as spedfied in BS 3381, or alternatively steel or soft +on, or, for Class 150
valves only, compressed asbestos fibre as spedned in BS 1832. They shall be suitable for the pressure/temperature
rating of the valve. Any metallic part of the gasket shall have at least the same corrosion resistance as that of
the shell.
NOTE Free chlorides in compressed aabastos tlbre materials, when used with low alloy or austenttic stainless steels, may cause
stress corrodon crackii in the tlange. The use of alternative &et materials should be considered.

19. Disk, piston or ball


19.1 A dkk, piston or ball made of material different from its seating surface shall be of material not inferior to
that of the shell.
19.2 In swing type valves disk-retaining components such as studs, nuts, washers or pins shall be of material not
inferior to that of the nominal trim.
193 Grid plates, disk guides in piston type valves, and ball guides in ball type valves shall be of material not
inferior to that of the nominal trim.

*l MPa = I N/mm .

BS 1868 : 1975
29. Trim
28.1 Trim compriscc the following:
(a)
body scrt surface;
(b) disk or pbton or ball saat surface;
(c) h@e pin (swlru type only);
(d) dlak spindle and bushes (dlak type only).
tO2 The trim matedal shall be sebcted from among tho)4 listed in tabb 2 under nominal trim symbols.
20.3 If a combination trim, e.g. CR13 and Cu-Ni, ls apedfled, either mate&l may be rued for the body seat
surface. The other material of the combination ahall be used for the disk seat surface.
28.4 The tempemture Umitatlons of certain trim materials mty restrict the pressum/tempemtum ratings of the
valw to which they am Btted.
20.5 The hinge pin shall be of wrought material.
21. Hinfp (swing type) and spindle support caga (disk type)
21.1 In the case of swing type valws any hinge and, where provided, a bcarlng bracket shall be of material at
least equal to that of the shell. Any studs, nuta, washers, pins etc. used to retain the beadng bracket shall be of
material at least equal to that of the nominal trim material.
21.2 In the case of disk type valws, the spindle support cage shall be of a
mat&al at least equal to that of the
shell.
22. plug
Material for plugs for hinge pins (see clause 12) and any plugsfor body tapping, including any locking device
that may be fitted (see 8.10). shall be of a material at least equal to that of the body.
23. co
g
ti
lmbd
Cover bolts shall comply with the requirements of BS 1506621 grade A (BS 4882: 1973, section 3, grade B7)
and nuts shall comply with the requirements of BS 1506162 (BS 4882: 1973, section 3, grade 2H) unless other
bolting material is specified in the order.
24. Nameplate
24.1 For VZ&~ of nominal size 150 mm and larger, the nameplate shall be of 18-8 Cr-Ni steel or nickel alloy and
shall be attached to the valve by pins of similar material or by welding.
24.2 For sr&er v&es the nameplate matedal and attachment shall be of corrosion resistant material in
accordance with manufacturer
s standard. Brass and
ahrminium are acceptable.
26. Soft seal ring
soft wh .qm he of the manufacturers standard material for the duties speciiled. Any retaining ring in the
disk shall be of the same material ss the disk, but any fudng screws shall be of 188 Cr-Ni steel.
26. 6peciel fitments
26.1 Outside attachment. The following materials shall be used.
26
.1 .l StuffI box. Material shall be at least equal to that of the shell.
26.12 Packing for outside lever h&e pin. The packing shall be of braided asbestos containing a suitable
corrosion inhibitor. Un
less the purchase order specifiis other packing or a higher packing design temperature, it
shall be suitable for use with steam or petroleum iluid at a minimum packing design temperature of 400 C.
263 Loadhrg spring. This shall be of a material not inferior to that of the nominal trim.
27. Special applications
When valves are specified for highly corrosive services or environment or for low temperature service, the material
specifl&ion for all parts shall be subject to agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer.

10

Table 2. Trim materials, hardness and acceptable specifications


Matariai typa
No
m
ind

tri m

Mllbol

Serf

i32Ftam~~indlaand

II&ha

llmltation *

Ioc

CR13

13Cr.

13 Cr.

600

188 Ti

18-8
Cr. Nl. Ti.

188
Cr. Nl. Ti.

18% Nb

18%
18%
Cr.Ni.Nb. Cr.
Nl.Nb. O

calto

smlnufwea

B8r

Fapd

Bs

Bs

BS

I-

250 *

ISOC713

A3SlCAI3

1503410521

A182F6

1506713

E$;turar s

1504%21 Ti

1503-321S40
1503-321SSO

A182F321

IS&i-821 n

1504-821

A35KF8C

1503-347840
1503-347SSO

A182F347

1506821 Nb

A3SlXFSM

1503-316S41

A182-F316

M&%45

1503-316S41

Ed

Nb

AI82-F310

1502713

A182F6

1so6-713

1503-713

~182-F6

1506-713

)96ni&elmiu&ouru
A35lcAlS

1503-713

A182F6

1506-713

NL Cu.
AB

Ni. Cu.
dOY

Ni. Cu.
AOY

200

lu
o
~
mm

t;h,rn

300

Bronze

290

zeee 23

Manufacturer s
mdard

3071-NA
I

z.sEF=

1400-ABl
AB2

Bl484SU
93SD

zsFrer
s

140061
LG2

Bs84-905

szE? =
r

1400 HT Bl

3axi-NA13
2872cA103
f 2%
B
CAlM

iz 187%

836

2872a114

8138-675

l These are conservative fwura for general guidana only, but all the trim
materieb listed are suitabb for eervice down to -30 C (se dause 5).
t See BS 240: Part 1.
$ In ball type valves the hard&s of the ball ahall be 320 HB min. and there shall be a difference of not less then SO HB between tbe ball and the body
8 Not acceptable for hinge pin materlab (la 20.5).

28wCz114

aat sdaca.

BS 1868

: 1975

&&on tour. Marking

28. Rquirad madcln@s


Every valve complyin with the mqulmmcnts of this standard shall be dearly marked in accordance with C~UW
29 to 34 and shall haw a nameplate wcumly fuCened to il.
20. Body

arbd

nemeplate mrrklngs

Body and nameplate markings shall be u follows:


(a) nominal size de&nation, the numerals denoting the nominal siae preflxcd by the letters DN, e.g. DN 150
6);
(see clause
(b) class mung, the numerals denoting the class rating (see ciauae 4);
(c) body material identilkation, standard symbol from BS 1560: Part 2;

(d) manufactumr r name or tmdc mark;


(e) the number of this Brithh Standard, i.e. BS 1868.
30. Cover merking
Cover msrkiqp shall be a8 follows:
(a) cowr material identification, that being the standard symbol from BS 1560: Part 2 or BS 1501;

(b) melt idcntlflcation, required on all pmssure~ontainlng steel castings or forgings.


31. Body marking
31 .I Melt identiocrtion. Melt identification is required on all pressure-containing steel cast@ and forgings.
31.2 m joint number. &XI end flanges and body/cover flanges grooved for ring joints and the rings to be used
with them shall be marked with the corresponding ring number, e.g. R2S. This identification shall be placed on
the rim of both pipe end flanges, or the cover end flange of the body, as appucable, and on the outside periphery
of the ring. In the case of nonstandard ring joints the flange and ring shall be marked R SpL.
For ring numbers see table 1.
32. Direction of flow
An arrow indicating the direction of flow shall be cast or embossed on the body of each

valve.

33. Nameplate marking


33.1 Ressure/tcm~ture restrictions. Any pressure or temperature restrictions within the appropriate nun@
given in BS 1560: Part 2 that may be imposed by the manufacturer due to limitations on materials or design shall
be shown on the nameplate.

Such special limiting pressure/temperature ratings shall also comply with the appropriate rating tables in
BS 1560: Part 2.
332 Valw trim identification. Trim materials shall be indicated in the following order using the appropriate
symbol from table 2.
(b) Seat
(a) Disk, piston or ball
as in the examples below:
CR13

DISK CR13
or CR13 CR13 o r

CR13

.SEAT,CRl3

333 Identification number. The manufacturer


s figure or number identifying thevalve in all respects shall be
shown. The same figure or number shall therefore be used only for valves that are identical in design, detail,
dimensions and material and that have interchangeable parts.
34. Additional markings
Additional markings may be used at the option of the manufacturer provided that they do not conflict with any
of the markings specified in this standard.

12

BS 1868 : 1975
36. Omission of marking,
35.1 if the dze or shape of the valve body precludtm the inclusion of all the required marktngr, they may be
omittud from the body only II found necessary subject to the approval of tha purchaser. Tho sequonco of
omlsston shall be
(a) nominal dxe;
(b) manufacturars namo or trademark;
(c) class rating,
35.2 The numbor of this Britfsh Standard may be omitted from tho body or from the nameplato (but not from
both) at the manufacturorr option.
Sectiin five. Testing
36. Production pressure testing
All vah ahall be pressure tested by tho mmufacturor befon dospatch in accordance with
BS 6755 : Part 1, M follows:
(a) hydrostatic shall tort ;
(b) hydrostatic seat tort;
(c) hydrostatic seat test at 25 % of the seat tost pressure required for test (b).
The tort duntlonr shall bo as @en in table 2(a).
Seat test leakage rate C shall apply for metal seertod valvos and rate A for soft-seated
V&W.

NCIE. lf o tower seat tat leakaae rate b reqelred for metei seated vdves thtr should be spedfled by
the purchaser la the a-try or purchase order.
Table 2(a). Test durations
Nom&rat vdvs size DN

Mintmum test duration


sbdltest

Up to and including DN 50
DN 65 up to and including DN 150
DN 200 up to and including DN 300
DN 350 and larger

Bert teat

15
60
120
300

15
60
120
120

Section six. Shipping


37. Preliminary
After inspection and before preparation for despatch, all valves shall be thoroughly cleaned and dried. When
swing pattern check valves are supplied with outside attachments, these parts shall normally be detached and
packed separately.
38. Preparation for despatch
38.1 Coatings. Coating of valves shall be as follows.
(a) Unrnachined external surfaces of the valves shall be painted in aluminium finish paint except for austenitic
steel valves, which shag not be painted.
(b) Machine or threaded surfaces, except for austenitic steel components, shall be coated with an easily
removable rust preventative complying with the requirements of B8 1133: Part 6.
38.2 End protection. After complying with the requirements of 38.1, body end ports, flange faces and
buttwelding ends shall be covered with suitable close-fitting protectors to protect tho machined ends and prevent the
ingress of dirt and moisture.
39. Packaging
Valves shall be so packaged as to minimize the possibility of damage during storage or .transit. If special
packaging is necessary, the purchaser shall specify his requirements.
13

BS1868:1975

\
3

24

23 22

12

IO 13

146597

z
cd ;tt ;
;
~w~

lines show outside lever xnd

25

II

weight to assist disk in closiq.

NOTE 3: Thas akeiches UC composite for the purpose of showing some typical viuiatio~ in individual detaita. A product
utilixing my combinxtion of them details (except when au41 combiition may be spedfiiy prohibited in the text) or
similar construction will be acceptable provided that it complim with the requirements of this rtxndxrd in all 6th~~ mspeck

Figure 1. Swing type check valves

14

BS1868:1975

cc

29

-.

27

28 -I-.

EC F_
__I

__.. .--

30
31

-_

Typicrl do&n of

outalde lovea rnd


weight 8thchment

4
5

1 Bottom lertcd ring

11
12
13

! Hinge(type(U))

17
19.1 1: 20

!M

.-

22
Hinge pin plug (puxuel threaded)
(type(i) only)
Lo&ii device for hhye pin

14
15

18
19
20
21
22

29
30
31
32
33
34
35

15

22
22

Gasket for pipe p1U8 @pnlld UuwW 22


Bemiw bncket (type (ii) only)
21
21
Stud for bracket (type (ii) only)

16
17

lvpe 00. Hinge


~ttachcd to intemxl
boay 1uIP

21
20

Lock nuts for brxcket (type (ii) Ody)


Dow01 pin for bracket (type (ii) oaly)
cover gasket
Km6 joint

Packiug washer
Ghd
Gland nut
Lava
Lever rctxi~ pin
weight

1 setscrew

21
21

18
18

26

26

Ref.
1
2
3
4
5

Name of

part

Body, horizontxl pxttem


Body, xngia pattern
Covsr
Cover with disk guide
Shoulder seated ring

Marlal

16
16
16
16
17&20

6
7
8
9
10

ref.ctaum Ref

N8meofpmt

zz!#e Ref

Bottom seatsd tiq


DUi

17 & 20
19.1&20 12
19.3
18
18

Disk pride

Covsr gasket
Rhq joint

NOTE. These sketches arc compoxite for the pu1po14 of showiq some typical tit&m in indivkluxl ti A pnnht
may

.
11
13
14
15

bdprt
StUdbdb
Drwaa&stods
NutxForrtrd
VW
Bodydmhlbom

U- -Y o~abiartioa Of w Mdb

be
rpeciftcally prohibited in the text) or similar construction will be
acaqtabk
provided thxt it complim with the requtremam oftlthstsndud&dlotwra

FiQure
2. Piston type check valves

3 -

-4

-.

___

Horixonhl

Angle pattern

N8me
of pmt
Ref.
1 Body, horitontxl pxttern
2
3
4

Body, angle pattern

Shoulder seated rig

Cover
Cover with dii guide

. _

pmm

M8mrial

ml
clue
Name of put
Ref.
16
16
16
16
17&20

6
7
8
9
10

Bottom seated W
Ball
Bailguide
Cowa g&et

) Ringjoint

mtwbl
lef. c&m
17&20
19.1& 20
19.3
18
18

Rd.
11
12

mofprt
Stud boit~
Driwaiastuds

13
14
IS
16

Nutsforstudbotbord
N8lRtp4t@
Bodydrdnboa
Laodhlrprlsl

NOTE. Them sketches are composite for the purpose of show uome typlcrl variations in individual dctxils. A product ut%ing my combhmtion of tbca detx%~ (e
mxy be spaciflcally prohibited in the text) or shniixr construction will be xccsptrble protied tbxt it compti Wth the raq afrcmcatrof~standadio8notha~

Figure 3. Ball type check valves

vortiwl

pattern

h&E. This sketch is composite for the purpose of &owing ~lmd typical nriatiom in iadi*idti detlfr A wet Sm
my combination of theaa details (except when such combinxtion mxy be rpecisany prohibiti in the tuxt) or shnilu cowill be xcoeptxble provided it complies wtth the ra@rements of this alandard in xll other m
I?:-..-- 1 b-l*.._a -L--l. ..-,..-

BS18683975 ,

BS1868:1975

4s o

TypIcal
8wtlons
Max.
slop
llno

1
--q.
r&x.
30
O
&

I.6

2 0.8 mm

(a)
Wddlng
and
(of
connoctlon to plpr of wall
thkknen t of 8 mmto 22 mm Inclu~iw

(b) Wddinp
md
for
oonwctlon to plpa of wall
thkknom r gnator than 22 mm

A - nominal outside diameter of wolding end (see table below)


8 = nominal inside diameter of pipe (for tolerance on B, sea table below)
I - nominal wall thickness of pipe
NOTE 1. The inside and outaide surfxcu of v&a welding ends shadI be mxchine finhhed overall. Waldizu+nd
bores rhxli be
mxchb& panlId
for
I
distxnca of 1 .Sf and than run out as ahown b! tlgurea without abrupt
ctun8a
of aectktn. The out~ido~ of
weddin# ends may be run out h! my mxnner iadiatcd in the t@traa. provided
th8t
aturp
U@OI
#nd
abrupt
cba11888
of
sh~pea

UC
8voided.
NOTE
For outaide d&me2. and wall thick- of standard stesl ph SOIJ BS 1600: Part 2.

NOTE 3. For vxlvu required to connect with pipe of leas thxn 4.8 mm wxll thickness, the an$a 37.5 * 2.5 o ahall not apply and
welding ends ehall be finished to a sl@t chxmfcr or be que. xl the option of the nunufxcturer.
NOTE 4. Regardlam of tolerxncer lpecifbd for dimcasio~ A xnd E, the thickness of the welding and 1JI nova be loss than
87.5 % of the nominxl thkknssr of the pipe.
N&E 5. For end-toaui dhlleIUioN of butt-welding and v&a see BS 2080.
65
(6) (8)
~~
A (mm)

123 128 I35 144 ISO 162

Tolcmnceon
A (mm)

+O
-0.8

Tolerance on
B (mm)

i0.8

91

117

172

(IO) (12) (14) (16) (18)


223

278

329

362

t1.6

*A shall be 78 mm when used with BS 3600 steel pipe.

Figure 6. Butt-welding ends

20

413

(20) (24)
464

516

+3.2
-1.6

619

BS 1868: 1975
A.6 Marking. Whon supplied for uaa in pipiq systema tith Bs 4504: plrt 1 flanges, valves shall ba permanently
marked with the appropriate nominal pressure ratins (i.e. PN . . . . ). This mar- may replace of ruppbmont
UIO requirements of 29(b) of Bs 1868. The nrpplemontary marking rhaU appear on the rims of both body end
flan@s.
A.7 lafonnation to be aupplkd by the pur&ser. This shall be as listed in clause 7 of B8 1868 except that (a)
ahall ba replaced by the following:
(a) Type
clu,
md
nomlnrl
rize

(1) valves are to comply with the requirements of appendix A of this rtandard;
(2) nominal pressure rating and nominai size.

1bar = IO
N/m
-100
kh.

22

BSI publications

rotorrod

to In

thir rtandrrd

Thb standard mkat nfomnm to thr loUowin# Brllbh Stondwdr:


Bs 1133
Section 6 Temporary prolectlon of metal rurfwa aplnst corrorion (duriru tnruport and rlom@e)
copper alloy latolr end copper emI copper dbY cad48
BS 1400
BS 15016 Steeb la we in the chemlcai, pelrokum end allbd lndurt~la
Steeb lor fbed end unlbed pmourr vemeb. ForgIn@
Is IS03
Steel pipe fInnSea and hnged flttlryI (nombul sba $5 IJI to 24 Ln) for the petroleum btdurtry
89 1560
Put 2 Mark dimrrubnr
Mmernion of rteel ptpe for the petroleum lndurtry
BS 1600
ParI 2 Metric UnltJ
Oil rmbtmt cornpremed rshaeta llbre jolntbu
BS IS32
Speclllatlon lor face-to&s, centratoantrr, end-lo-end end centre-to-end dimenakwta of flaqed and bwt-weldiru
BS 20110
end ~ted valvea for Un petroleum, petrochemlcd and allied lnduatris~
BS 2112
Copper end copper alloy& Fodm uock md for@lyl
Copper and copper alloys. Rodr end wctlorw (other then forglq rtock)
BS 2814
BS 3011
Nkkel-coppr alloy cutin@
NWIel l ruJ nickel alloys. Rcdr
BS 3076
BS 3351
Plpbg systeow for pelroleum mfbwba and petrochemlal pbnta
BS 4504
Flam and boltinS for pipes, valver and fltting~. Metric rsrbu
Pul 1 Ferrous
BS 4802
Bdtlrq for tlawes and prcuum containlnr puroowr
BS 6755
Teat@ of nlw~
Put 1 Specification for production pmuure tert~ requlrement~

BS1868:1975

ISBN: 0 580 08817 0