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PIB Aug 1 to Aug 7

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Joint Press Statement on the Visit of the Prime Minister to Nepal

PM's Nepal Visit - Some Highlights

Suo Motu statement on 'Prime Minister's visit to Nepal' by External Affairs Mini

in Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha today

Installation of Doppler Weather Radars

Enforcement of Radiation Protection Rules

Doppler Weather Radars

Shortage of Nuclear Fuel

Commissioning of Fast Breeder Reactor

Use of Solar and Wind Power

Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission

Solar Powered Lighting Solutions

Steps to Make Farming More Profitable

Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India

Steps Taken to Prevent Illegal Mining

Setting up of NIMZs

National Design Policy

PM encourages self-certification in place of affidavits and attestations to bene

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Content
man *All Union Ministries and State Governments asked to make provision for sel

and abolition of affidavits, not required by law*PM steps in to reform the publ

delivery system, bridge governance deficit

Accuracy of Weather Forecasts

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Bill to Make Apprentices more Attractive to Youth

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Khadi and Village Industries

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Production of Khadi

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Revamped Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI)

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Targets under PMEGP

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Food Subsidy Estimated to be Around Rs. 1,31,086 Crore

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Impact of Global Warming and Climate Change on Rainfall Patterns

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18th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change to be held on August 7th - 8th

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New DelhiMinisterial level meeting to be held on 8th August

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'Clean energy path' is the mantra for Government - Prakash Javadekar Minister co

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Climate Solver Awards

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Global Warming is Man-Made Phenomenon: Dr. Jitendra Singh

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Demand and Supply of Power

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Monsoon Pattern

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Content
Inauguration of the International Conference on Natural Fibres

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Villages Covered Under RGGVY

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Increasing Capacity of Cold Chain Infrastructure

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Infrastructure Trust Funds to be set up to Spur Investments

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Rangarajan Report on Poverty

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Defence Offset Policy

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Children as Domestic Help

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Setting up of National Fisheries Development Board

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Dr Harsh Vardhan calls for body pledge revolution National Organ & Tissue Transp

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Organisation coming up in Delhi

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Statement by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Health & Family Welfare in both

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Houses of Parliament on 6th August, 2014 Regarding Ebola Virus Disease Ou

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in West Africa and the steps taken by the Government of India to Protect the

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from the same.

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Measures taken to improve Safety of Workers in Coal Mines

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Satellite Launch PADS

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Achievements of ISRO

23

Launching of GSAT-SP

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Content
Inter Linking of Rivers

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MFN Status to India by Pakistan

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Mega Food Parks

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Speech by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the higher educationa

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research institutions on the topic, "democracy and governance"

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Maritime Exercise

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Draft Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014 circulated f

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consultation Special provisions in the Bill will address heinous offences by chi

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16 years of age

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Shripad Yesso Naik launches 60th Anniversary Celebrations of Lalit Kala Akademi

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Nuclear Plants under 123

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Appointment of CIC

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Government Proposes to Develop Unconventional SOURCES of Gas

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Central Vigilance Commission Recommendations

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Study on Impact of FTAs on the Manufacturing Sector

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Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Ri

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Act, 2006 Rights of Tribals and Forest Dwellers

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Anti-Dumping Duty on Imported Solar Modules

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Content
Statement by Nirmala Sitharaman in Lok Sabha Regarding "India's Stand in the WTO

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Joint Press Statement on the Visit of the Prime Minister to Nepal

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

mains, PIB, international, prime minister's visit, nepal,

PM's Nepal Visit - Some Highlights

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

Prime Minister's visit, PIB, international, Nepal,

Focus on 4Cs: Cooperation. Connectivity. Culture. Constitution India will give Nepal
a one billion dollar line of credit. This will be in addition to any existing lines of credit.
Pancheswor Development Authority will be set up and DPR finalized in one year India
and Nepal have agreed to conclude Power Trading Agreement in 45 days. India will provide
assistance for construction of a motorable bridge over the Mahakali River. India will
expedite construction of postal roads and feeder roads to the Terai. Prime Minister announced
a gift of 2500 kg of sandalwood to the Pashupatinath Temple. Work on a Dharamshala
to be set up by Pashupatinath Development Authority will commence soon with Indian
assistance. Renovation and restoration of the Complex will be done using expertise of
Archaeological Survey of India. India will provide Rs. 25 crore for the same. India will
offer assistance for development of Janakpur-Lumbini, including Lumbini as part of Buddhist
circuit. Scholarships for Nepali students increased from 180 to 250. Joint Working Group
on Agriculture will meet quickly. India will offer assistance in soil testing. Nepal gave
an assurance that Nepali soil will not be used for anything inimicable to Indian interests.
During his meeting with Nepali leaders from across the political spectrum, Prime Minister
Shri Narendra Modi urged them - dal ke hit me mat socho, desh ke hit mein socho - Think
in terms of the nation's benefit, not the party's benefit.
Suo Motu statement on 'Prime Minister's visit to Nepal' by External Affairs Minister
in Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha today
Wed, Aug 6, 2014
mains, prime minister visit, PIB, international, nepal,

Our bilateral relations with Nepal are rooted in shared history, geography and culture (roti
beti ka sambandh). Our consistent effort has been to further strengthen our close relations
at all levels, including in the fields of trade and investment, hydropower, enhanced cross-border
connectivity, defence and security including training and joint exercises, culture, education
and tourism. We have intensified our high-level political exchanges, and are seeking finalization
of necessary inter-governmental agreements and arrangements. We are scaling up our
developmental assistance to Nepal in 2014-15 and beyond. During Prime Minister's visit,
the whole gamut of India-Nepal relations was reviewed. In the past, we have extended
our full moral and material support to Nepal in its transition to a Constitutional multi-party
democracy and a prosperous economy, including for the conduct of free and fair elections
to the Constituent Assembly-cum-Parliament, held in November 2013. Prime Minister's
visit signalled India's wholehearted support for a democratic, stable, peaceful and prosperous

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Nepal. In his historic address to the CA, Prime Minister said that Nepal's Constitution
would set an example to the whole world, especially to strife-torn regions, as a model for
abjuring the path of violence and embracing a path of peace and democracy. Asserting
that India will always support Nepal's sovereign right to choose its own destiny, the Prime
Minister said India wished for a democratic and prosperous Nepal. Prime Minister said
his Government accorded the highest priority to relations between the two countries, which
were as timeless as the Himalayas and the Ganga. "Humaare sambandh kaagaz ki kashtiyon
se aage nahin badhe hain. Humaare sambandh dilon ki daastaan kehte hain." Prime Minister
dwelt on our common cultural heritage, shared between Kashi Vishwanath and Pashupatinath,
and between Lumbini and Bodh Gaya. He said that Nepal was the land that gave birth
to Lord Buddha. He saluted the Gorkha soldiers for their sacrifices in the Indian Army.
Minister said India respected and welcomed it. Referring to India-Nepal relations, Prime
Minister stressed that economic growth and prosperity of the two countries were closely
interlinked. He called for close cooperation in the fields of hydropower, agriculture, and
tourism. The Prime Minister said that time had come to change the saying "Paani aur jawaani
pahaad ke kaam nahin aate", by giving our youth opportunity by harnessing natural resources.
India wants to walk shoulder-to-shoulder with Nepal in its journey of progress, the Prime
Minister asserted. He said that Nepal's hydropower potential can make Nepal a prosperous
country, and that India had no intention of taking away Nepal's resources but would be
purchasing surplus power from Nepal. He urged that the Pancheshwar multi-purpose project
should be taken up at the earliest. He noted that electricity transmission capacity is being
augmented to enable the doubling of power supply to Nepal. The Prime Minister announced
that India will extend a US$ 1 billion concessional line of credit to Nepal. He also announced
that India would assist in the construction of a bridge over the Mahakali river, that would
bring Western Nepal closer to India. The Prime Minister gave a HIT formula for Nepal,
saying India wants to help Nepal build highways (H), information highways (I) and transways
- transmission lines (T). May the friendship between India and Nepal live long, and may
Nepal rise higher than the Himalayas, the Prime Minister said. Prime Minister made several
announcements of Indian assistance for priority projects of Nepal. The US$ 1 billion line
of credit will be over and above the existing US$ 350 million lines of credit to Nepal. The
Terms of Reference of the 5600 MW Pancheshwar Multi-Purpose Project were agreed
upon, and the Pancheshwar Development Authority will be set up and the DPR will be
finalized soon. Both sides agreed to conclude a Power Trading Agreement in 45 days,
and the Government of Nepal assured that a Project Development Agreement (PDA) on
the 900 MW Upper Karnali Hydropower Project would also be finalized in 45 days. Both
sides expressed a desire for early conclusion of three other PDAs namely the 900 MW
Arun III, the 600 MW Upper Marsyangdi and the 880 MW Tamakoshi III. They emphasized
that development of projects of this size will be a major catalyst for the development of
Nepal's enormous hydropower potential. Both sides agreed to expedite the construction
of Phase-I of the Terai Roads project, and to commence Phase-II within a year. Some new
proposals, that we agreed to consider, are the eastern sector of Mid Hill Highway and the
Kathmandu-Nijgarh fast track road. At Nepal's request, we agreed to examine the project

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for the construction of Raxaul-Amlekhgunj petroleum pipeline. Some of the new projects
can be considered for funding under the new Line of Credit. It was decided to work towards
the finalization and signing of the revised Rail Service Agreement, Motor Vehicle Agreement,
Letter of Exchanges on Trade and Transit and ratification of the BIPPA. It was also decided
to expedite the construction of cross border railway links and Integrated Check Posts (ICPs),
which will facilitate cross border trade and transit as well as Nepal's export to and import
from third countries. The two Prime Ministers agreed to review, adjust and update the
Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950 and other bilateral agreements. They welcomed
the decision of the Joint Commission to direct the Foreign Secretaries of the two countries
to meet and discuss any specific proposals to revise the Treaty of Peace and Friendship
of 1950, which the Government of Nepal agreed to provide at the earliest. Both sides welcomed
the formation of a Boundary Working Group (BWG) to undertake the construction, restoration
and repair of boundary pillars. It was decided to establish an Eminent Persons Group on
Nepal-India Relations (EPG-NIR) to look into the totality of Nepal-India relations from
an independent, non-governmental perspective and suggest measures to further expand
and consolidate the close and multifaceted relations between the two countries. Both Prime
Ministers noted with satisfaction the excellent cooperation on security related matters and
reiterated that the open border, which has facilitated movements of people on both sides
of the border and has been a unique feature of Nepal-India bilateral relations, should not
be allowed to be misused by unscrupulous elements posing security threats. Nepal and
India assured each other not to allow their territory to be used against each other.
Installation of Doppler Weather Radars

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

Doppler Weather Radars, monsoon, PIB, science & tech,

As on today, 2 Nos. of polarimetric Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) systems at DelhiLodi Road and Jaipur, respectively, are functional along with 16 Nos. non-polarimetric
DWR systems, respectively at Chennai, Sriharikota, Machilipatnam, Visakhapatnam, Kolkata,
Mumbai, Bhuj, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Patiala, Delhi Palam, Lucknow, Patna, Mohanbari,
Agartala and Bhopal, in other parts of the country. Installation of 3 Nos. of non-polarimetric
DWRs at Paradip, Goa and Karaikal is taken up now. Range of Doppler Weather Radar
for surveillance is approximately 500Kms. However, for quantitative rain estimation it
is restricted to around 100 Kms. and for velocity it is around 200 Kms.
Enforcement of Radiation Protection Rules

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

radiation, PIB, science & tech, Radiation Safety, health,

It is true that a large number of X-ray facilities have not obtained the necessary regulatory
authorisation including those in Madhya Pradesh, inspite of periodical advertisements
and display on the website of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) about the regulatory
requirements of obtaining authorisation from AERB.There are a large number of diagnostic
X-ray units/facilities spread across the country and there is an accelerated growth in their

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numbers. However, the radiation risk/hazard involved in such facilities is generally very
low.
AERB has taken a series of measures to bring such units under radiation safety
certification of AERB, which are detailed below: i. AERB has enhanced regulatory control
on manufacturer/supplier by issuance of Licence/Authorisation. It is also mandatory for
these stakeholders to guide their customers to obtain AERB license to operate their X-ray
equipment. AERB safety code provides the regulations for users in X-ray diagnostic practice.
ii
AERB has launched an electronic web-based e-governance system (e-Licensing
of radiation applications, e-LORA) to enable easy filing of applications and faster receipt
of AERB Licence/ Registration for operation. As on June 30 th 2014, the number of X-ray
equipment for which Licensing has been initiated is 7630. iii. Periodic advertisements
are put out in the print media, as well as on AERB website, for users to buy AERB design
approved (type approved) equipment and to obtain the requisite Licence/Registration for
operation, from AERB. iv. For establishing a more effective regulatory set-up for X-ray
units, AERB has been pursuing with State Governments for formation of state level Directorates
of Radiation Safety (DRS) under the Health & Family Welfare Department of the respective
State Governments. v.
AERB has established Regional Regulatory Centers (RRC)
at different locations in the country for decentralization of regulatory functions. vi
AERB regularly routinely promotes/participates in conferences/public awareness programmes
organized by associations such as Indian Radiological Imaging Association (IRIA), Society
of Indian Radiographers (SIR), Association of Medical Physicists of India(AMPI) etc.,
which helps in dissemination of radiation safety and regulatory information.
Doppler Weather Radars

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

PIB, science & tech, doppler weather radar,

The 4-DWRs originally meant for Goa, Karaikal, Paradip and Mumbai could not be installed
due to objection of the Ministry of Defence (MoD). Keeping the operational exigency
and criticality of having DWR at Mumbai on priority then, commissioning of indigenous
DWR that was meant for Kochi, had been taken up. Three Radars meant for Goa, Karaikal
and Paradip are lying at respective locations in uninstalled condition.MoD had advised
the India Meteorological Department (IMD), on 23rd April 2010, not to proceed with the
installation of Weather radars at coastal area and inside any defence locations considering
the security implications arising out of DWRs procured from China through global tendering
process. Based on the clearance given by MoD on 15th April 2013 with the fulfillment
of certain pre-conditions for proceeding with the installation of DWRs at civilian locations
of Goa, Paradip and Karaikal, security audit will have to be carried out by independent
agencies suggested by MoD at the respective sites.

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Shortage of Nuclear Fuel

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

PIB, science & tech, nuclear fuel,

The country has 20 nuclear power reactors under operation with an installed generating
capacity of 4780 MWe. Under separation plan, ten reactors are currently placed under
IAEA safeguards and are eligible for imported fuel. These reactors are RAPS 1 to 6 located
at Rawatbhata, Rajasthan; KAPS 1&2 at Kakrapar, Gujarat and TAPS 1&2 at Tarapur,
Maharashtra. These reactors normally operate at their full capacity. RAPS -1 is under
extended shutdown for techno-economic assessment. In addition, two more reactors, Kudankulam
(KKNPP) Unit 1&2, set up with the international cooperation with Russian Federation,
at Kudankulam, in Tamil Nadu are also under IAEA safeguard.
So far, 2,11,473 tonne
of U 3 O 8 equivalent to 1,79,329 tonne of Uranium has been established by Atomic Minerals
Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD) in various States of India. Following
extensive work for exploration of Uranium in the country, the identified in-situ reserves
of uranium in the country have been progressing.
Consequent upon India signing the
Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with United States of America on 10.10.2008, the
Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has been importing Uranium ore to supply fuel for
Nuclear Reactors under IAEA Safeguards in the country as per the separation plan.
Commissioning of Fast Breeder Reactor

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

nuclear, Fast Breeder Reactor, PIB, science & tech,

The 500 MWe Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) being constructed at Kalpakkam,
Tamil Nadu is at an advanced stage of construction and commissioning. Erection of all
major components of the reactor has been completed. The next stage in commissioning
is preheating and filling of sodium into secondary and primary systems. The project has
achieved overall physical progress of 97.6% as on 30.06.2014.
Use of Solar and Wind Power

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

environment, Solar power, PIB, wind power, Renewable Energy,

The Minister further stated that the Ministry is providing financial and fiscal incentives
for the installation of off-grid and grid connected solar power plants. These include preferential
tariffs/generation based incentives, accelerated depreciation, concessional/nil excise and
customs duties etc. Under the Off-grid and Decentralized Solar Applications Scheme of
Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, the Ministry provides capital subsidy of 30%
of project cost in the general category states and 90% of the project cost in special category
States to the Central and State Government Ministries and their organizations for installation
of off-grid SPV power projects having module capacity up to 500 kWp limited to certain
benchmark costs of the project. The Minister further stated that the Government is promoting
wind power projects through private sector investment by providing fiscal and promotional

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incentives such as concessional import duty on certain components of wind electric generators,
excise duty exemption to manufacturers. 10 years tax holiday on income generated from
wind power projects is also available. Loans for installing windmills are available from
Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) and other Financial Institutions.
Technical support including wind resource assessment is provided by the Centre for Wind
Energy Technology (C-WET), Chennai. This apart, preferential tariff is being provided
in potential states. The Ministry has announced a Generation Based Incentive (GBI) under
which Rs. 0.50/unit generated from wind power projects is provided to the projects with
a ceiling of Rs. 1.00 crore per MW, the Minister added.
Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

National Solar Mission, environment, PIB, solar power,

The Minister further stated that the following steps being taken by the Government
to achieve the remaining targets are:- (i) Provision of Renewable Purchase Obligation
(RPO) for solar power in the National Tariff Policy. (ii)
Grant of subsidy on off-grid
applications and Generation Based Incentive (GBI), facility for bundled power & Viability
Gap Funding (VGF) for Grid connected Solar Power Projects through various interventions
announced from time to time. (iii)
Setting up Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects & Solar
Parks, 1MW Solar Parks on the banks of canals and Solar power driven agricultural pump
sets for energizing one lakh pumps. (iv)
Concessional Import duty/Excise duty exemption
for setting up of solar power plants, accelerated depreciation and tax holiday.
Solar Powered Lighting Solutions

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

environment, PIB, solar power lighting solutions, solar power,

The Government implements schemes for cost effective solar power lighting solutions
for rural population in electrified/unelectrified areas and villages in the country that may
have an impact on kerosene subsidy bill. Lighting up about 47 percent of the country population
will depend on the fund availability in the respective programme. This Details of programme
implemented by MNRE and Ministry of Power (MoP) are as under I. Ministry of New
and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is implementing Remote Village Electrification (RVE)
Programme for providing financial support for lighting/basic energy using renewable energy
sources including solar energy in those remote unelectrified census villages and unelectrified
hamlets of electrified census villages where grid extension is not found feasible by the
State Governments and hence are not covered under the Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran
Yojana (RGGVY). The programme is implemented in States by State Nodal Agencies.
II. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is also implementing Off-grid and
decentralized solar applications scheme of Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission for
installation of solar PV systems and power plants in various parts of the country including
power deficit areas/unelectrified areas. III. Ministry of Power is implementing Decentralised
Distributed Generation (DDG) scheme under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana

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(RGGVY) for electrification of villages where grid connectivity is either not feasible or
not cost effective. In XII Plan, DDG has also been extended to the grid connected area
where supply of electricity is less than 6 hours a day. Decentralized Distributed Generation
(DDG) can be from conventional or renewable sources including solar energy. The RVE
projects are taken up only in remote unelectrified census villages and unelectrified hamlets
of electrified census villages where grid extension is not found feasible by the State Governments
and hence are not covered under the RGGVY. The norms followed for solar photovoltaic
(SPV) based DDG projects are that the average household load should not be more than
100 watt, population of the villages/hamlet should be more than 100 and cost norms of
MNRE benchmark to be followed. Under the Off-grid and decentralized solar applications
scheme of Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, the Ministry of New and Renewable
Energy provides 30% capital subsidy for installation of solar PV systems and power plants
in various parts of the country including power deficit areas/unelectrified areas. (90% capital
subsidy for Government organizations of special category States).
Steps to Make Farming More Profitable

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

social, PIB, agriculture,

Mission on Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) has been launched w.e.f.1.4.2014


to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector, including bamboo and coconut through
area based regionally differentiated strategies which include research, technology promotion,
extension, post harvest management processing and marketing in convergence with comparative
advantage of each State/region and its diverse agro-climatic features. To make farming
competitive and profitable as well as to step up investment, both public and private, in
agro-technology development and creation and modernization of existing agri-business
infrastructure, government has proposed to establish two more institutions of excellence
in Assam and Jharkhand Ministry of Food Processing Industry has restructured the ongoing
schemes from 12th Five Year Plan and accordingly under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme-National
Mission on Food Processing, assistance is provided for implementation of the schemes
for technology upgradation/establishment/modernization of food processing industries,
cold chain, value addition and preservation infrastructure for non horticultural products,
etc.
Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

Endangered Languages, social, PIB, language,

The Government of India has initiated a Scheme known as "Protection and Preservation
of Endangered Languages of India". Under this Scheme, the Central Institute of Indian
Languages (CIIL), Mysore works on protection, preservation and documentation of all
the mother tongues/languages of India spoken by less than 10,000 speakers keeping in
mind the degree of endangerment and reduction in the domains of usage. The UNESCO
has categorized languages on basis of endangerment as follows:- (i) Vulnerable (ii) Definitely

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Endangered (iii) Severely Endangered (iv) Critically Endangered


Steps Taken to Prevent Illegal Mining

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

environment, PIB, Mining, Illegal Mining,

The Ministry of Coal and Coal India Ltd (CIL) has taken several steps to prevent illegal
mining coal mining. These are as follows:- a) Rat holes created by illegal mining are being
dozed off and filled up with stone and debris wherever possible. Concrete walls have been
erected on the mouth of the abandoned mines to prevent access and illegal activities in
these areas. b) Regular raids/ checks being conducted by security personnel and static security
pickets including armed guards during the night hours are being deployed at pithead depots.
c) Surprise raids/checks being conducted jointly by security personnel and law and order
authorities of the concerned State Government. d) Fencing is being constructed at the various
illegal mining sites along with displaying of signboards mentioning "dangerous and Prohibited
Place". e) Collection of intelligence reports about illegal coal depots and illegal movement
of coal and informing district authorities of the same for taking preventive actions. f) Installation
of check-posts at vulnerable points to check transport documents. g) Training of existing
security personnel, refresher training of CISF personnel and basic training of new recruits
in security discipline for strengthening the security setup. h) The coal companies are maintaining
close liaison with the State authorities. i) Committees/ task forces have been constituted
at different levels (block level, sub-divisional level, district level, state level) at some subsidiaries
of CIL to monitor different aspects of illegal mining.
Setting up of NIMZs

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

PIB, NIMZ, National Manufacturing policy, economics,

The Government has granted "in-principle" approval to a total of 16 National Investment


and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs). Of these, 8 NIMZs are located outside the Delhi-Mumbai
Industrial Corridor (DMIC) region. These are: (i)
Nagpur in Maharashtra; (ii) Tumkur
in Karnataka; (iii) Chittoor in Andhra Pradesh; (iv) Prakasam in Andhra Pradesh; (v)
Medak in Telangana; (vi) Kolar in Karnataka; (vii) Bidar in Karnataka; and (viii)
Gulbarga in Karnataka. . Under phase-I of the DMIC project, 8 Investment Regions have
also been accorded 'in-principle' approval of Government for setting up as NIMZs as
per guidelines approved by the Cabinet. These are: i. Ahmedabad-Dholera Investment
Region, Gujarat; ii. Shendra-Bidkin Industrial Park city near Aurangabad, Maharashtra;
iii. Manesar-Bawal Investment Region, Haryana ; iv. Khushkhera-Bhiwadi-Neemrana
Investment Region, Rajasthan; v. Pithampur-Dhar-Mhow Investment Region, Madhya
Pradesh; vi. Dadri-Noida-Ghaziabad Investment Region, Uttar Pradesh; vii. Dighi Port
Industrial Area, Maharashtra ; and viii. Jodhpur-Pali-Marwar Region in Rajasthan. The
National Manufacturing Policy contains dispensations to facilitate manufacturing industry
both in the National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs) and for manufacturing
industry in the country as a whole including wherever manufacturing units are able to organize

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themselves in clusters as stipulated in the policy. These dispensations include inter-alia


rationalization and simplification of business regulations; incentives for technology acquisition
and production/adoption of pollution controlling equipment/machines/devices; incentives
for skill development initiatives by the private sector; facilitating access to finance for
small and medium enterprises; and creation of physical and institutional infrastructure
including master planning of NIMZ.
National Design Policy

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

PIB, economics, National Design Policy,

Promotion of Indian design through a well-defined and managed regulatory, promotional


and institutional framework; * Setting up of specialized Design Centres or "Innovation
Hubs" for sectors such as automobile and transportation, jewellery, leather, soft goods,
digital products, toys & games which will provide common facilities and enabling tools
like rapid product development, high performance visualization, etc., along with enterprise
incubation as well as financial support through mechanisms like venture funding, loans
and market development assistance for start-up design-led ventures and young designers'
design firms/houses; * Initiation of action to seek "Deemed University" or "University"
under section 3(f) of the University Grants Commission Act, status for the NIDs, so that
they can award degrees of B. Des. and M. Des. instead of just Diplomas as at present;
* Encouraging the establishment of departments of design in all the Indian Institutes of
Technology (IITs) and all the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) as well as in prestigious
private sector Colleges of Engineering and Architecture; * Preparation of a mechanism
for recognizing and awarding industry achievers in creating a brand image for Indian designs
though the award of a India Design Mark on designs which satisfy key design criteria like
originality, innovation, aesthetic appeal, user-centricity, ergonomic features, safety and
Eco-friendliness; * Facilitating the establishment of a Chartered Society for Designers,
(on the lines of the Institutions of Engineers, the Institution of Architects, the Medical
Council, the Bar Council, etc.), to govern the registration of Design Professionals and
the various matters relating to standards setting in the profession; * Setting up an India
Design Council (IDC) with eminent personalities drawn from different walks of life;
PM encourages self-certification in place of affidavits and attestations to benefit the common
man *All Union Ministries and State Governments asked to make provision for self-certification
and abolition of affidavits, not required by law*PM steps in to reform the public service
delivery system, bridge governance deficit
Fri, Aug 1, 2014
PIB, self certification, polity,

PM encourages self-certification in place of affidavits and attestations to benefit the common


man * All Union Ministries and State Governments asked to make provision for self-certification
and abolition of affidavits, not required by law * PM steps in to reform the public service
delivery system, bridge governance deficit

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Accuracy of Weather Forecasts

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

weather forecast, geography, PIB,

the Earth System Science organisation -India Meteorological Department (ESSO-IMD)


has been continuously improving weather prediction services in terms of accuracy, lead
time and associated impact. Manifestation of such quantitative improvement may be seen
with accurate prediction of Very Severe Cyclonic Storm 'Phailin' and the heavy rainfall
events during monsoon season 2013 and concurrently during monsoon-2014. Government
has initiated a comprehensive modernization programme for ESSO-IMD covering upgradation
of (i) observation systems (ii) advanced data assimilation tools (iii) advanced communication
and IT infrastructure (iv) high performance computing systems and (v) intensive/sophisticated
training of ESSO- IMD personnel to facilitate the implementation of advanced global/regional/
meso-scale prediction models for improving the accuracy of weather forecasts in all temporal
and spatial scales and for quick dissemination of weather forecast assessments/warnings
to the users.Further, several manual operations have been fully automated. High Performance
Computing (HPC) systems have been used to enhance the weather forecasting capacities
by assimilating all available global satellite data for forecast generation. The global model
that was earlier run at 50Km grid scale are now run at 22Km grid. The regional scale model
run earlier at 27Km grid is replaced by 9Km and 3Km grid scale models. The accuracy
of short range (up to 3-days in advance) monsoon forecasts has improved from 50-60%
to 70-95%. The skill of district level medium range rainfall forecast (up to 5-7days in advance)
has improved from 60-70% to 75-85% in monsoon season and from 70-75% to 85% in
non-monsoon seasons. As far as the track and landfall forecasts of the tropical cyclones
are concerned, the performance evaluation of the updated forecast systems for the past
5-years, have demonstrated enhanced forecast skill by about 18%. ESSO-IMD currently
operates 5- Doppler Weather Radars (DWR) at Chennai, Machilipatnam, Visakhapatnam,
Kolkata, Sriharikota on the east coast along with a network of Automatic Weather Stations
(AWS) and Automatic Rain Gauges (ARG) for continuous weather surveillance over the
Bay of Bengal. ESSO-IMD has operationalized its location specific nowcasting (near
real-time) weather service for severe weather (Thunderstorms; heavy rainfall from lows/depressions
over the land) across the country. This service activity currently covers 117 urban centres
on experimental basis under which nowcast of 3-6hour range is issued. Origin, development/movement
of severe weather phenomena are regularly monitored through DWRs and with all other
available observing systems.
Bill to Make Apprentices more Attractive to Youth

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

PIB, economics, Employment, youth,

The Ministry of Labour and Employment today introduced the Apprentices(Amendment)


Bill, 2014 in the Lok Sabha The Ministry of Labour and Employment today introduced
the Apprentices (Amendment) Bill, 2014 in the Lok Sabha. The major amendments are:-

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i. In place of strict regulation of seats for every trade, a band of 2.5 percent to 10 percent
at establishment level to provide flexibility to industry. ii. Industry will also be allowed
to undertake new courses (other than designated trades) which are demand based. iii. Non-engineering
graduates and diplomas have been included. iv. The regime for penalties and inspection
will be reasonable and exception based for reducing harassment. v. Compliance will be
made portal based. vi. Establishments operating in four or more States will be taken into
the fold of Central authorities for easy interface. vii. Small industries are being permitted
to aggregate apprentices through approved third parties, and also to outsource basic training.
Khadi and Village Industries

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

khadi and village industries, PIB, economics, rural, kvic,

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) undertakes various steps to introduce
affordable technologies and facilities for the holistic development and promotion of khadi
and village industries (KVI) which include (i) establishment of design centre for khadi/textile
garments, (ii) introduction of technology for efficient and scientific harvesting of honey,
(iii) popularization of solar charkha,(iv) soft and stiff finish technology, (v) technology
for bamboo based handicrafts, (vi) technology package for value added product using local
wool or blend of local and imported merino wool, etc. A number of new technologies
have been developed/demonstrated by MGIRI for rural industries during the Eleventh
Five Year Plan. A list of some of the technologies developed/ demonstrated by MGIRI
during the Eleventh Five Year Plan is: 1. Low cost variable speed potter's wheel 2. Technology
for energy efficient pottery kiln 3. Soil binders for use in pottery 4. Technology for artistic
pottery development 5. Ultra micro hydel turbines for rural energy system 6. Bio manures
testing kit 7. Biogas engine conversion kit 8. Tamarind seed separation machine 9. Gear-operated
passenger and transport of pedal rickshaws 10. Pedal operated forge hammer 11. Polishing
machine for bell metal utensil 12. Soft and stiff finishing for khadi 13. Wrinkle-free finishing
for khadi 14. Natural dyeing technology for khadi 15. Design and fabrication of hank dyeing
machine 16. Design and fabrication of mercerization machine 17.
Quality code for
khadi 18.
Solar charkha trial 19 Herbal products 20 Soap and detergent testing kit
Production of Khadi

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

khadi, PIB, economics, KVIC,

The steps taken for handicrafts include: implementation of schemes of (i) Baba Saheb
Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana (AHVY), (ii) Design & Technology Up-gradation Scheme,
(iii) Marketing Support Services Scheme, (iv) Research & Development Scheme, (v) Human
Resource Development Scheme (vi) Handicraft Artisans Comprehensive Welfare Scheme
and (vii) infrastructure and Technology Development Scheme. In addition to above under
Comprehensive Handicraft Development Scheme (CHCDS) five (5) Mega Clusters have
been set up at (1) Narsapur (A.P), (2) Moradabad (U.P.), (3) Mirzapur - Bhadohi (U.P.),
(4) Srinagar and (5) Jodhpur. Also as per the Budget Announcement 2014-15 three (3)

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new Mega Cluster are proposed at (i) Bareilly, (ii) Lucknow and (iii) Kuttch. During the
XII Plan, the Government has introduced following schemes for development of handlooms
and welfare of handloom weavers/workers. 1) National Handloom Development Programme,
having the following components:- i. Revival, Reform and Re-structuring Package for
Handloom Sector. ii. Comprehensive Handlooms Development Scheme. (CHDS) - CHDS
has been formulated by merging the components of Integrated Handlooms Development
Scheme (IHDS), Marketing & Export Promotion Scheme (MEPS) and Diversified Handloom
Development Scheme (DHDS) 2) Yarn Supply Scheme. Having Mill Gate Price Scheme
and 10% price subsidy on hank yarn 3) Handloom Weaver' Comprehensive Welfare Scheme
(HWCWS), having Health Insurance Scheme (HIS) for providing health care facilities
to the handlooms weavers in the country and Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana (MGBBY)
for providing life insurance cover to the handloom weavers in case of natural/accidental
death, total/partial disability due to accident. Government in the Ministry of MSME has
been implementing various schemes through Khadi and Village Industries Commission
(KVIC) to encourage the artisans to produce Khadi products, which include: i. Khadi Institutions
enlisted with the KVIC/Khadi and Village Industries Boards of States/Union Territories
are required to create Artisan Welfare Fund Trusts (AWFTs) with view to extending security
and other help to artisans. ii. Under Market Development Assistance (MDA) Scheme,
financial assistance is provided to khadi and polyvastra producing institutions @ 20%
of the value of production of khadi and polyvastra to be shared among artisans, producing
institutions and selling institutions in the ratio 25:30:45. iii. Workshed Scheme for Khadi
Artisans under which assistance is provided for construction of worksheds for better work
environment. iv. KVIC, in association with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC),
implements a group insurance scheme named Khadi Karigar Janshree Bima Yojana to
provide insurance cover to khadi artisans against normal and accidental death and disability.
v. KVIC implements Khadi Reform and Development Programme (KRDP) to revitalize
the khadi sector with enhanced sustainability of khadi, increased incomes and employment
for spinners and weavers, increased artisans welfare and achieve synergy with village
industries.
Revamped Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI)

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

PIB, economics, SFURTI, Khadi,

SFURTI Scheme launched in 2005-06 for making Traditional Industries more productive
and competitive by organizing the Traditional Industries and artisans into clusters has
been revamped. The Government of India has approved the revamped SFURTI with modified
norms for continuation during the XII Plan. Initially, in the first phase, 71 clusters will
be developed across the country involving an outlay of Rs.149.44 crores. Under the 12
th Five Year Plan it is proposed to take up 800 clusters with funding from the Government
of India and Asian Development Bank. The time frame for the implementation of the project
for each cluster will be three years and the funding pattern under the scheme has provision
for soft interventions including skill training, capacity building, design development, etc.

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hard interventions including Common Facility Centres, Raw Material Banks(RMB), training
centres, etc. and cross cutting thematic interventions which include brand building& promotion,
news media marketing, e-commerce, innovation, R&D initiatives and developing linkages
between clusters.
Targets under PMEGP

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

PIB, PMEGP Targets, economics,

An outlay of Rs. 8060 crore has been approved for Prime Minister's Employment Generation
Programme(PMEGP) in the XII Plan, to set up 3.39 lakh projects which would create
around 27.12 lakh employment. Target under PMEGP is allocated state-wise in terms
of Margin Money Subsidy. During XI Plan, Margin Money subsidy of Rs. 3131.65 crore
was released under PMEGP against which an utilization of Rs. 3067.69 crore has been
achieved, providing employment to an estimated 16.06 lakh persons through setting up
of 1.64 lakh projects. The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME)
has been implementing the Micro and Small Enterprises - Cluster Development Programme
(MSE-CDP) a cluster-based scheme for holistic and integrated development of micro and
small enterprises through soft interventions, hard interventions and infrastructure upgradation.
Proposals under MSE-CDP are considered from time to time by a Steering Committee
at the Ministry level. The location-wise data on various interventions under the scheme
is available on the website www.dcmsme.gov.in.
Food Subsidy Estimated to be Around Rs. 1,31,086 Crore

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

food subsidy, PIB, subsidies, economics,

Annual food subsidy implication of implementation of National Food Security Act, 2013
(NFSA) at 2014-15 costs, is estimated to be around Rs. 1,31,086 crore, against which,
Rs. 1,10,500 crore has been provided in the current year budget. In addition to this an amount
of Rs. 4500 crore has been allotted for Sugar subsidy. This information was given by the
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Shri Raosaheb Patil
Danve in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today. The Minister said that NFSA is deemed
to have come into force on 05.07.2013. Its implementation is contingent upon identification
of eligible households by States/UTs for receiving subsidized foodgrains under Targeted
Public Distribution System (TPDS). For which a period not exceeding 365 days has been
provided in the Act. However, as this exercise is yet to be completed in many States/UTs,
they have been requested to complete the identification and take other preparatory measures
at the earliest and ensure implementation of the Act within next three months. The issue
of payment of food security allowance arises only after implementation of the Act starts
in respective States/UTs.

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Impact of Global Warming and Climate Change on Rainfall Patterns

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

environment, monsoon, rainfall, PIB, climate change, global warming,

Ministry of Environmental and Forests (MoEF), Govt of India had undertaken the Indian
second National Communication to UNFCCC during 2009-2011(NATCOM-II). The communication
had been a national effort which involved many multi-disciplinary scientific groups. Ministry
of Earth Sciences carry out scientific studies on climate change and variability under Global
and Regional Climate Change (GRCC) programme. Under GRCC programme of the Ministry
of Earth Sciences, Earth System Science organization (ESSO) has established a dedicated
Centre for Climate Change Research (CCCR) under the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
(IITM), Pune. Monsoon rainfall varies on different spatial and temporal scales. Extreme
rainfall events that occur at some isolated places (viz. heavy rainfall over Mumbai or in
Rajasthan) are highly localized and are part of the natural variability of the Indian monsoon
system itself. Although, some recent studies hint at an increasing frequency and intensity
of extremes in rainfall during the past 40-50 years, their attribution to global warming
is yet to be established. Moreover, the report of the Inter- governmental Panel on Climate
Change and our country's own assessment using regional climate models indicate that
the extremes rainfall events are likely to be more frequent in the later part of the 21st century
in the world including India. As regards other extreme weather phenomena, there are many
other reasons for their occurrence, which cannot always be related to climate change.
Summary of the observed long term changes so far include: (i) Mean annual surface air
temperatures show a significant warming of about 0.5 degree C/100 years during the last
century. (ii) No significant long-term trends are reported in the frequencies of large-scale
droughts or floods in the summer monsoon season. (iii) The average seasonal rainfall
over India has shown decline in the last five decades, especially after 1970, that is not
found to be statistically significant. Further over core monsoon zone, the contribution from
increasing heavy rain events is offset by decreasing moderate events and hence on the
long term the change is not appreciable. Many studies have discussed the possible reasons
for recent weakening monsoon. (iv) Studies were undertaken in four climate sensitive
regions of the country, viz. Himalayan Region, Western Ghats, North Eastern Region,
Coastal Areas to assess the possible impacts on the four sectors viz. agriculture, water,
forests and health. A Report entitled, Climate Change & India: A 4X4 Assessment - A
Sectoral and Regional Assessment of Impact of Climate Change in 2030s, has been released
by the Government during November, 2010 under the aegis of the Indian Network of Climate
Change Assessment (INCCA).
18th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change to be held on August 7th - 8th at

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New DelhiMinisterial level meeting to be held on 8th August

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

environment, hanzghou, basic, PIB, unfccc, climate change,

The 17th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change was held in Hanzghou, China
on 28 and 29 Oct. 2013. Issues related to Warsaw COP, Durban Platform for Enhanced
Action (ADP), the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the Standing Committee on Finance, the
Technology Executive Committee (TEC) and the Climate Technology Center and Network
(CTCN) were discussed. India hosted the 14th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate
Change on 15-16 February 2013 at Chennai which was attended by representatives from
Brazil, South Africa, India and China. The BASIC Ministerial meeting provides an important
opportunity to Environment Minister of BASIC countries (Brazil, South Africa, India and
China) to enhance coordination on important issues under consideration in Climate Change
negotiators and to arrive at a common position on such issues. The BASIC ministers have
been meeting regularly since COP Copenhagen to exchange views and evolve a coordinated
approach on important negotiating issues. The meetings are hosted by rotation in member
countries during each quarter of the year.
'Clean energy path' is the mantra for Government - Prakash Javadekar Minister confers
Climate Solver Awards
Fri, Aug 1, 2014
clean energy, environment, PIB, climate change,

Speaking on the occasion, Shri Javadekar said Innovation was the sustainable way of
development for any Country. It was innovation which impacted the society in Geometric
Proportions. Quoting an example of Solar Panels in Gujarat, Shri Javadekar said, it was
the innovative use of Solar Energy that gave three pronged benefits to the society. These
included enhancement of energy efficiency, saving land resources and minimizing evaporation
of water due to placing of solar panels on the banks of Irrigation canals in Gujarat. It
included cess on coal increased form Rs.50/ton to Rs.100/ton, raising more revenue for
Clean energy, cross-subsidizing solar and other renewable energy research in the field
of clean energy technologies, Rs 100 crores allocated for the "National Adaptation Fund"
for climate change and Rs. 500 crores allocated for Setting-up of Ultra Mega Solar Projects
in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Laddakh to promote the Renewable
energy. Shri Javadekar also released a report on "Solar Air Conditioning and Solar Desalination
in India". Appreciating the comprehensive study on renewable energy, the Minister said
the initiative encouraged the use of similar technologies by local communities which would
solve the problem of energy, water and environment in an integrated manner. Launched
by WWF-Sweden in 2008, Climate Solver is a climate innovations platform developed
by WWF to strengthen the development and widespread use of low carbon technologies,
which reduce carbon dioxide emissions. The platform aims to stimulate the diffusion of
innovative low carbon technologies and also generate awareness about them as immediate
and practical solutions to climate change. In this initiative, small and medium-sized enterprises
are characterized as innovative firms with the potential to become leaders in India and

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the world in tackling climate change. They are selected as Climate Solvers based on their
development of cutting-edge technologies that contribute to reducing carbon emissions
or enabling energy access through sustainable clean energy solutions.
Global Warming is Man-Made Phenomenon: Dr. Jitendra Singh

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

environment, PIB, global warming,

said that global warming and climate change are man-made phenomena and therefore the
remedy also lies to a large extent on greater public awareness. He said, stabilization of
population on the planet is another urgent need if we wish to save the Earth's Eco-system.
Demand and Supply of Power

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

PIB, power, electricity, economics, energy,

Electricity is a concurrent subject. Supply and distribution of electricity to various consumers


in a State/UT is within the purview of the respective State Government/State Power Utility.
The Minister further stated that there is overall shortage of power in the country both in
terms of energy and peaking power. The energy and peaking shortage in the country during
the current year (April to June, 2014) was 4.0% and 3.7% respectively. The Minister
further stated that the Government is taking the following steps to mitigate the shortcomings
in supply of power to the consumers : (i) Acceleration in generation capacity addition
during 12th Plan with a proposed target of 88,537 MW from conventional sources and
30,000 MW from renewable energy sources. (ii) Undertaking a massive programme for
strengthening of inter-state and inter-regional transmission capacity for evacuation of power.
(iii) A new scheme has been announced in this year's Budget for strengthening of sub-transmission
and distribution networks and for segregation of agricultural feeders. (iv) Expeditiously
resolving issues relating to environmental and forest clearances for power projects under
implementation. (v) Bridging the gap of indigenous coal availability through coal imports
for increased generation by thermal plants. (vi) Promoting energy conservation, energy
efficiency and demand side management measures. (vii) Government of India is providing
financial assistance to States under Restructured Accelerated Power Development and
Reforms Programme (R-APDRP) and Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).
(viii) In order to enable turnaround of State Discoms, the Central Government has approved
and notified in October 2012, a Financial Restructuring Plan (FRP) of State owned Discoms.
(ix) Renovation & Modernization (R&M) works are carried out by the concerned State
and Central Power Utilities for improving the Plant Load Factor of power stations.
Monsoon Pattern

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

CORDEX, geography, monsoon pattern, PIB,

The Government is monitoring the variability of the weather phenomena and development
of abnormal weather pattern like drought, flood, cyclone, heat and cold waves, etc. on

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a continuous basis. Records of past weather events show that extreme values in respect
of heavy rainfall, maximum and minimum temperatures, seasonal rainfall etc. remained
unsurpassed in many cases. Areas influenced by the abnormal weather pattern change
are largely within the interannual and intra-seasonal weather and climate variability. Heavy
rain events (>10 cm/day) over central India are increasing while weak and moderate events
are decreasing. The extreme rain events which are becoming more intense in recent years
are localized and could be part of the natural variability of the monsoon system. No such
pattern is discerned in respect of other weather phenomena. The monsoon rainfall for
the country as a whole over a longer data set has not shown any significant trend. However,
Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Kerala have witnessed slight decrease in rainfall, and 8 sub
divisions namely Gangetic West Bengal, West Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Konkan
and Goa, Madhya Maharashtra, Rayalaseema, Coastal Andhra Pradesh and North Interior
Karnataka show increasing trend. Under the Global and Regional Climate Change (GRCC)
programme of the Ministry of Earth Sciences ,Earth System Science organisation (ESSO)
has established a dedicated Centre for Climate Change Research (CCCR) under the Indian
Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune. Currently, CCCR is leading "Co-ordinated
Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX)" for the South Asian region under the
aegis of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) of the World Meteorological Organisation
(WMO). The CORDEX program provides an important framework for a co-ordinated
set of downscaled regional climate simulations for both the historical past and future decades.
Training workshops are conducted for end-users, stakeholders in the South Asian region.
Studies under the aegis of India's Second National Communication (NATCOM) submitted
to the UNFCCC in May, 2012 and scientific study titled "Climate Change and India: 4X4
Assessment - A Sectoral and Regional Analysis for 2030s" in 2010, have assessed the
implications and impacts under a projected Climate Change scenario, based on which adverse
effects on agricultural, water, forests, health, sea level rise, extreme events and infrastructure
have been assessed.
Inauguration of the International Conference on Natural Fibres

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

geography, PIB, Natural Fibres,

Villages Covered Under RGGVY

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

PIB, economics, rural, electrification, RGGVY,

Under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY), 921 projects are sanctioned
in the country during X, XI & XII Plan of RGGVY, covering electrification of 1.24 lakh
un-electrified villages, intensive electrification of 6.04 lakh villages and release of free
electricity connections to 4.08 crore BPL households. This was stated by Sh. Piyush Goyal,
Minister of state for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy (Independent Charge)
in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today. The Minister further stated that

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the Government of India has approved continuation of RGGVY for XII Five Year Plan
in September 2013 with the aim to cover all the remaining un-electrified census villages
and the habitations having population above 100. A capital subsidy of Rs.21650.76 crore
was disbursed by Rural Electrification Corporation during XI Five Year Plan. The un-electrified
census / revenue villages including forest villages, as proposed by the respective State
Governments, have been covered for electrification under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran
Yojana.
Increasing Capacity of Cold Chain Infrastructure

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

cold chain, PIB, economics, infrastructure,

With the objective of creating integrated cold chain and preservation infrastructure facilities
without any break from the farm gate to the consumer, Ministry of Food Processing Industries
is implementing a Central Sector Scheme of Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation
Infrastructure since 2008-09 in the country. The financial assistance @ 50% of the total
cost of plant & machinery and technical civil works in general areas and 75% for NE region
and difficult areas (North-Eastern States, Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand)
subject to a maximum grant-in-aid of Rs 10 Crore per project is provided for setting up
the cold chain infrastructure in the country. Integrated cold chain and preservation infrastructure
can be set up by individuals, groups of entrepreneurs, cooperative societies, Self Help
Groups (SHGs), Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), NGOs, Central/State PSUs, etc.
Under the scheme of Cold chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure, the Ministry
has sanctioned 121 cold chain projects for implementation in the country. (i) Scheme
for Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure for Non-Horticultural Products:For setting up of cold chain projects for non-horticulture produce like dairy, meat, poultry,
fish etc., the financial assistance is provided as (ii) Scheme for Creating Primary Processing
Centres / Collection Centres in Rural Areas:- Under this scheme, financial assistance is
provided for setting up processing and preservation facilities in rural areas to enhance
shelf life of perishable produce. Admissible grant-in-aid under the scheme is @ 50% of
the eligible project cost for the general areas and 75% in North-Eastern Region, ITDP
& Difficult Areas including hilly States, respectively subject to a maximum of Rs. 2.5
Crore. iii) Reefer Vehicles:- Financial assistance to standalone reefer vehicle(s) and mobile
pre-cooling van(s) for carrying & transporting, both horticultural & non-horticultural produce
is provided under the scheme as c redit linked back ended grants-in-aid @ 50% of the
cost of New Reefer Vehicle(s)/Mobile pre-cooling van(s)upto a maximum of Rs. 50.00
lakh.
Infrastructure Trust Funds to be set up to Spur Investments

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

Infrastructure, PIB, Infrastructure Trust Fund, economics,

A structure for infrastructure projects has been announced in the Budget 2014-15, called
Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) which would have tax efficient pass through

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status, for Public Private Partnership (PPP) and other infrastructure projects. These structures
would reduce the pressure on the banking system while also making available fresh equity.
These instruments are expected to attract long term finance from foreign and domestic
sources including NRIs. InvITs would be modified Real Estate Investment Trusts type
structures which have been successfully used as instruments for pooling of investment
in several countries.
Rangarajan Report on Poverty

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

Tendulkar , Poverty Rangarajan, PIB, poverty estimations, economics,

as per the report, poverty line is estimated as Monthly Per Capita Expenditure of Rs. 1407
in urban areas and Rs. 972 in rural areas. The highlights of the report are: i. The Expert
Group (Tendulkar) had used the all-India urban poverty line basket as the reference to
derive state-level rural and urban poverty. This was a departure from the earlier practice
of using two separate poverty line baskets for rural and urban areas. The Expert Group
(Rangarajan) reverts to the practice of having separate all-India rural and urban poverty
basket lines and deriving state-level rural and urban estimates from these. ii. The Expert
Group (Tendulkar) had decided not to anchor the poverty line to the then available official
calorie norms used in all poverty estimations since 1979 as it found a poor correlation
between food consumed and nutrition outcomes. However , on a review of subsequent
research, the Expert Group (Rangarajan) took a considered view that deriving the food
component of the Poverty Line Basket by reference to the simultaneous satisfaction of
all three nutrient -norms would be appropriate when seen in conjunction with the emphasis
on a full range of policies and programmes for child-nutrition support and on public provisioning
of a range of public goods and services aimed at the amelioration of the disease-environment
facing the population. iii. Estimates of consumption expenditure seen in the National Accounts
Statistics and as inferred from the sample surveys of the National Sample Survey Organisation
show a large and growing variance. The Expert Group (Rangarajan) prefers NSSO's estimates
and decides not to use the NAS estimates. This is in line with the approach taken by Expert
Group (Lakdawala) and Expert Group (Tendulkar). iv. The capture of spatial and temporal
variation in prices in estimating the State-level and rural-urban poverty levels (given all-India
rural and urban estimates) has undergone substantial refinement since 1979. The Expert
Group (Rangarajan) agrees with the methodology adopted by the Expert Group (Tendulkar)
in this regard. This overcomes the limitations of using fixed base-year weights by using
a combination of unit values derived from successive NSSO's Consumer Expenditure
Surveys and price-relatives derived from the Consumer Price Indices. v. Public expenditure
on social services has increased substantially in recent years. These expenses are not captured,
by design, in the NSSO's Consumer Expenditure Surveys and the poverty line derived
from these is thus lower than the services actually consumed. vi. The Expert Group (Rangarajan)
is of the considered view that the deployment of criteria other than consumption expenditure
in the measurement of poverty raises several issues regarding measurement and aggregation
and that these render such exercises impractical. However, the Expert Group (Rangarajan)

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has considered an alternate view in estimating the poverty line by reference to the ability
of households to save.
Defence Offset Policy

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

Defence Offset Policy, defense, PIB,

The offset policy has undergone revisions since 2005. The DPP, 2013 indicates that the
objective of the Defence Offset Policy is to leverage capital acquisitions to develop Indian
defence industry by: i) Fostering development of internationally competitive enterprises,
ii) Augmenting capacity for Research, Design and Development related to defence products
and services and iii) Encouraging development of synergistic sectors like civil aerospace
and internal security. Offset provisions apply to the Capital Acquisitions categorized as
'Buy (Global)', i.e. outright purchase from foreign/Indian vendor, or 'Buy and Make with
Transfer of Technology', i.e. purchase from foreign vendor followed by Licensed Production
where the estimated cost of the acquisition proposal is Rs. 300 crore or more. These will
also apply to Indian firms or their Joint Ventures under "Buy (Global)" procurements.
30 percent of the estimated cost of the acquisition in 'Buy (Global)' category acquisitions
and 30 percent of the foreign exchange component in 'Buy and Make with ToT' category
acquisitions are the required value of the offset obligations. The Defence Acquisition Council
(DAC) may, after consideration by SCAPCHC, prescribe varying offset obligations above
30 percent or waive the requirement of offset obligations in special cases.
Children as Domestic Help

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

child labour, domestic labour, social, PIB,

The children rescued/withdrawn in the age group of 9-14 years are enrolled in NCLP
Special Training Centres, which have provisions for bridge education, vocational training,
mid day meal, stipend, health care, etc. before being mainstreamed into formal education
system. The Scheme also envisages awareness activities against the evil of child labour
and enforcement of Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986. The Minister
said that the employment of children as domestic workers or servants has been banned
under Section 3 of the existing Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act 1986 by notifying
them in Part A of the Schedule of the Act in 2006. Any person who employs a child in
any occupation or process where employment of children is prohibited under the Child
Labour Act, is liable for punishment with imprisonment or with fine. The enforcement
of these prohibitions rests with the State Governments/UTs as under the Child Labour
(Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, they are the appropriate authority to take action.

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Setting up of National Fisheries Development Board

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

PIB, economics, National Fisheries Development Board,

Government has set up a National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB). The objectives
and functions of the Board are:
(i) To bring major activities relating to fisheries and
aquaculture for focused attention and professional management; (ii)
To coordinate activities
pertaining to fisheries undertaken by different Ministries/Departments in the Central Government
and also coordinate with the State/Union Territory Governments; (iii) To improve production
processing, storage, transport and marketing of the products of capture and culture fisheries;
(iv) To achieve sustainable management and conservation of natural aquatic resources
including the fish stocks; (v) To apply modern tools of research and development including
biotechnology for optimizing production and productivity from fisheries; (vi) To provide
modern infrastructure mechanisms for fisheries and ensure their effective management
and optimum utilization; (vii) To generate substantial employment; (viii) To train and
empower women in the fisheries sector and (ix) To enhance contribution of fish towards
food and nutritional security.
Dr Harsh Vardhan calls for body pledge revolution National Organ & Tissue Transplantation
Organisation coming up in Delhi
Thu, Aug 7, 2014
social, PIB, health, organ donation,

He said that Safdarjung Hospital in New Delhi will house the first National Organ &Tissue
Transplantation Organisation (NOTTO). It will maintain computerised networks with
24 identified transplant and organ retrieval centres in Delhi. It will be commissioned within
18 months, he informed. Under the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017), Rs 149 crore had
been allotted for setting up organ donation facilitation infrastructure. However, in the first
two years only about Rs 10 crore was spent, the Minister said. The new government intends
implementing a nationwide programme for not only setting up NOTTO-like bodies, but
also spreading social awareness so that there is never a dearth of organs and tissues for
recipients, Dr. Harsh Vardhan said. The Minister gave his blood for Human Leukocyte
Antigen (HLA) typing yesterday at a function to re-launch the Asian-Indian Donor Marrow
Registry, said he, along with his wife, had pledged their bodies in the late 1990s.
Statement by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Health & Family Welfare in both the
Houses of Parliament on 6th August, 2014 Regarding Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak

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in West Africa and the steps taken by the Government of India to Protect the Citizens
from the same.
Wed, Aug 6, 2014
PIB, science & tech, Ebola Virus,

World Health Organization has reported 1603 cases including 887 deaths (as on 4th August,
2014) in West Africa from 4 countries namely Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria.
While the number of cases is 485, 468, 646 and 4 from the said countries, the number of
deaths is 358, 255, 273 and 1 respectively. Ebola virus is a Filovirus with 5 distinct species.
The specific virus isolated in the current outbreak is Zaire Ebola Virus. Ebola Virus Disease
is a severe, often fatal illness with Case Fatality Rate of upto 90%. In Africa, fruit bats
are known to carry Ebola Virus from whom the animals (chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys,
forest antelopes) get infected. Humans get the infection either from the infected animals
or from infected humans when they come in close contact with infected body fluids or
body secretions. There is no airborne transmission. During the current outbreak, most of
the disease has spread through human to human transmission. The incubation period of
Ebola virus disease is 2-21 days, during which the affected persons are not infective.
Though there is no vaccine or curative therapy for Ebola virus disease, I want to apprise
this house that outbreaks can be contained through early detection and isolation of cases,
contact tracing and monitoring, and following rigorous procedures for infection control,
if such cases were to report in our country.
Measures taken to improve Safety of Workers in Coal Mines

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

mining, social, PIB, coal mines, safety of workers,

(i) To promote and propagate safety awareness in mines, National Safety Awards (Mines)
and National Conference on Safety in Mines are organized by DGMS. The recommendations
of National Conference on Safety in Mines are being implemented to enhance safety of
mine workers. (ii) Workers participation and sensitization in matters of safety are ensured
through training in safety and by initiatives like celebration of safety week and safety campaigns,
etc. (iii) Safety training programmes are organized among Managers and Supervisors
for improving safety standards in mines. (iv) Risk Assessment Techniques are being introduced
which aim to eliminate, control and manage the personal risks in mines. (v) Standard
operating procedures are established to avoid unsafe practices in mines. (vi) A special
safety awareness campaign has been launched to increase awareness of mine workers.
i.e., 'Safety is My Responsibility' and steps have been taken to propagate this to each
miner. (vii) Other safety measures initiated recently: * Special training programme for
safety officers and other key mining official directly engaged in ensuing safety at mines
by SIMTARS, Australia accredited trainers. * Several R&D projects on safety have also
been initiated. * Spreading knowledge and coal mine safety information through publication
of quarterly safety bulleting. (viii) Internal Safety Organizations of Coal Companies regularly
visit the mines for assessing the safety status and advise the management for corrective
steps required if any. (ix) Coal Companies also conduct Safety audits through engaging

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experts in mine safety and take appropriate corrective measures for improving safety in
mines. (x) Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines under the Chairmanship of Minister
of Coal periodically reviews the status of safety in coal mines in the country and issues
are addressed for ensuring safety of persons deployed in Coal Mines.
Satellite Launch PADS

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

launch vehicles, PIB, science & tech, ISRO, Space,

India has two operational satellite launch pads located at Satish Dhawan Space Centre,
Sriharikota .
The launch pads at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota are used
exclusively for launch vehicles developed by ISRO.
However, India's Polar Satellite
Launch Vehicle (PSLV), has launched 10 satellites of eight foreign countries (Austria,
Canada, Denmark, France, Japan, Luxembourg, Singapore, United Kingdom) during the
last three years. These satellites belonging to foreign countries are launched by ISRO,
on a commercial basis, under a contract between foreign countries and Antrix Corporation
Ltd., a commercial arm of ISRO.
Major achievements of Department of Space,
during the last three years (2011-14) include: I. Launch of India's first interplanetary
mission to Mars, Mars Orbiter Mission. II. Augmentation of Earth Observation capability
with launch of indigenous Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT-1) having day & night capability
under all weather conditions; Indo-French Joint Missions viz. Satellite for ARgos and
ALtika (SARAL) for oceanographic studies and Megha-Tropiques for tropical weather/climate
studies; Resourcesat-2 for natural resources surveys; Advanced Weather satellite, INSAT-3D
and science satellite YOUTHSAT. III. Indigenous development and flight testing of cryogenic
engine and stage on board GSLV-D5. IV. Operational flights of Polar Satellite Launch
Vehicle (PSLV-C16 to C22 & PSLV-C25). V. Development and qualification of large
solid state booster (S200) and higher thrust liquid stage (L110) stages for the next generation
launch vehicle GSLV-Mk III. VI. Augmentation of INSAT/GSAT system with Five communication
satellites namely, GSAT-7, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12 and GSAT-14 adding 89 transponders
in Ku, C, Extended C, S and UHF bands to the transponder capacity. VII. Establishment
of GPS Aided Geo-Augmented Navigation for safety of life applications for civil aviation
sector. VIII. Launch of first Indian Regional Navigation Satellite, IRNSS-1A.
Achievements of ISRO

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

PIB, science & tech, ISRO, tele-education, space, Telemedicine,

The satellites of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)have contributed in


improving the facilities of telecommunication, distanceeducation, tele-medicine, etc
The satellites of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) have contributed in improving
the facilities of telecommunication, distance education, tele-medicine, etc. in rural and
far-flung areas of the country.
The extent to which the improvements have been
achieved Include. I. Television: Direct To Home (DTH) Satellite Television coverage
of 100% area of Indian mainland including rural and far flung areas. II. Telecommunication:

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About 1.75 Lakh satellite communication terminals are supporting various applications
like village telephony, data connectivity, broadband connectivity, Automatic Teller Machines
(ATM) of banks, etc., covering the rural and far flung areas of the country. III. Tele-Education:
56,000 classrooms connected through satellite networking, of which 51,000 are Receive
Only Terminals (ROTs) and around 5000 are Satellite Interactive Terminals (SITs) catering
to all the sectors of education from primary to higher and professional education. IV. Telemedicine:
The Telemedicine network connects the patients at a remote hospital to a speciality hospital
for tele-consultation. 60 specialty hospitals connected to 308 remote and rural hospitals
and 16 Mobile Vans. (i) Tele-education networks are very effective to reach out remote
and rural areas of the country and also to enhance the understanding level of the students.
The target audience for tele-education include students from school, technical education,
higher education, teachers training including physically challenged students. On an average
2-3 hours of programmes are transmitted for 4-5 days in a week.
(ii) Tele-medicine
networks are very useful in treating the patients located in remote and rural areas. Through
tele-medicine patients get the best doctors for consultation. Tele-medicine provides the
advantage of saving time and money to the patients and also provides relief to family members
from the hassles of accompanying the patient to speciality hospitals in the urban areas.
Mobile tele-medicine vans are found to be ideal to cover larger geographical area with
treatment in the fields of Ophthalmology, Diabetic screening, Cancer, General Medicine
and hearing impairments in the infants.
Launching of GSAT-SP

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

PIB, science & tech, GSAT SP, isro, space,

A communication satellite designated as GSAT-5P carrying 24 C-band and 12 Extended


C-band transponders was launched on December 25, 2010 on-board GSLV-F06, which
could not accomplish the mission due to launch failure. There is no Indian communication
satellite designated as GSAT-SP, referred in the question. The transponder capacity on
GSAT-5P was planned to augment the INSAT/GSAT capacity for supporting ongoing
satellite communication services including telemedicine. GSAT-12 satellite launched subsequently,
on July 15, 2011 is providing linkage for the telemedicine network to the extent of supporting
384 telemedicine centers in the country. Telemedicine centers are established based on
need and support from State Governments/NGOs. The expansion of Telemedicine centers
is an ongoing process and the same is carried out based on the proposals received from
State Governments/NGOs, technology & connectivity needs and fund availability.
Inter Linking of Rivers

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

environment, PIB, river, inter linking of rivers,

The Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR) has formulated a National Perspective Plan
(NPP) for Water Resources Development envisaging inter-basin transfer of water from
surplus basins to deficit basins/areas. National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has

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identified 30 links under the NPP. Based on the concurrence of the concerned States, three
links namely Ken-Betwa Link, Damanganga - Pinjal link and Par-Tapi-Narmada link have
been taken up for the preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) by the National Water
Development Agency (NWDA) out of 30 interstate links identified under National Perspective
Plan (NPP). The DPR for Ken-Betwa Link Project and Damanganga - Pinjal link have
been completed by NWDA. In addition, out of 46 proposals of intra-state links received
by NWDA from 9 States, the Burhi Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga Link of Bihar, Kosi-Mechi
Link of Bihar, Ponnair-Palar Link of Tamil Nadu, Wainganga-Nalganga Link of Maharashtra
and Barakar-Damodar-Subernarekha Link of Jharkhand have also been taken up for the
preparation of DPR by the NWDA on the request made by the concerned States. The DPRs
of two intra-state links i.e. Burhi Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga Link Project and Kosi-Mechi
Link Project have been completed and sent to Government of Bihar in December, 2013
and March, 2014 respectively.
MFN Status to India by Pakistan

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

Pakistan, PIB, international, MFN Status,

Both Ministers reaffirmed the commitment of their Governments to expeditiously establish


normal trading relations and in this context to provide Non-Discriminatory Market Access
(NDMA), on a reciprocal basis. At various fora, senior functionaries of Government of
Pakistan and representatives of a few trade and industry bodies in Pakistan have voiced
concerns about the so-called Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) in India and have also raised
apprehension that opening up of trade with India will harm certain segments of Pakistan's
economy. 1209 tariff lines have been kept in the 'Negative List' by Pakistan. Major sectors
included in the Negative List of Pakistan are Auto, Steel, Paper & Boards, Plastics, Textiles,
Electrical Machinery and Pharma.
Mega Food Parks

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

mega food parks, PIB, economics,

The primary objective of Mega Food Parks Scheme is to create modern infrastructure facilities
for the food processing along the value chain from the farm to the market with a cluster
based approach based on a hub and spokes model. It includes creation of infrastructure
for primary processing and storage near the farm at Primary Processing Centres (PPCs)
and Collection Centres (CCs) and common facilities and enabling infrastructure like roads,
electricity, water, ETP facilities etc. at Central Processing Centre (CPC). These PPCs and
CCs act as aggregation and storage points to feed raw material to the processing units located
in the CPC. After evaluation of the proposals as per the scheme guidelines, 40 Mega
Food Park projects have been accorded In-principle approval by the Ministry. Out of these
40 projects, 21 projects have been accorded final approval for implementation whereas
In-principle approval accorded to 15 projects has been cancelled due to their failure to
meet the conditions of final approval or unsatisfactory implementation of the project.

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Speech by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the higher educational and
research institutions on the topic, "democracy and governance"
Tue, Aug 5, 2014
mains, PIB, polity, education, democracy, research,

Maritime Exercise

Fri, Aug 1, 2014

defense, PIB, Maritime Exercise, indian navy,

INS Shivalik was deployed for participation in International Fleet Review (IFR) and Multilateral
Maritime Exercise at Qingdao, China from 20-25 April 2014. Though the IFR was cancelled
in view of the Search and Rescue mission for the missing Malaysian Airline Flight MH
370, the Multilateral Maritime Exercise was conducted as scheduled on 23-24 April 2014.
Ships from India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei participated
in the Exercise.
Draft Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014 circulated for inter-ministerial
consultation Special provisions in the Bill will address heinous offences by children above
16 years of age
Fri, Aug 1, 2014
PIB, polity, Draft Juvenile justice bill,

Draft Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014 circulated for inter-ministerial
consultation Special provisions in the Bill will address heinous offences by children above
16 years of age The other revisions proposed in the JJ Act include: 1) Bringing in more
clarity in the role and procedures of statutory structures such as Child Welfare Committees
and Juvenile Justice Boards 2) Strengthening punitive measures for offences committed
against children and including new offences such as corporal punishment, ragging and
using child for vending , peddling, carrying , supplying or smuggling any intoxicating
liquor, narcotic drug or psychotropic substance 3) Streamlining and strengthening measures
for adoption including providing statutory status to the Central Adoption Resource Authority
(CARA) 4) Making it mandatory for all child care institutions to register and stringent
penalty in case of non-compliance.
Shripad Yesso Naik launches 60th Anniversary Celebrations of Lalit Kala AkademiTue, Aug 5, 2014
Culture, social, PIB, Lalit Kala Akademi,

Lalit Kala Akademi, National Academy of Art, New Delhi, was set up by the Government
of India as an autonomous body, on 5 August 1954. It is the Indian Government's apex
cultural body in the field of visual arts in India. The structure of the Akademi consists
of a General Council that comprises artists, art critics, architects, photographers, experts
in folk, tribal and traditional arts, art administrators and representatives of various government

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organizations. The festivities commenced with an exhibition of works of art selected from
the collection of the Akademi that show how artists have been viewing India in their own
perspective. The Installation 'Secret Life of Memories' consisting of photographic prints,
videos and sounds of the cultural lineages of Tibet and Sikkim as well as some re-enactment
of Kalimpong Tibetan Opera is also organised at Kaustubh Auditorium of the Lalit Kala
Akademi. The Installation has been conceived by Mr. Arghya Basu and Rajula Shah. Shri
Krishen Khanna, one of the senior most artists of the country and Shri Ravindra Singh,
Secretary, Ministry of Culture were the Guests of Honour on the occasion. The inaugural
function was followed by a musical concert by Abhay Rustum Sopori. The compositions
which he presented were based on classical Ragas and took the listeners on a journey of
India. Mahua Mukherjee and her troupe performed 'Gaudiya Nritya', a classical dance
from Bengal as a part of the celebrations.
Nuclear Plants under 123

Thu, Aug 7, 2014

Nuclear Plants, 123 agreement, PIB, international,

One of the aspects of the agreement was possibility of setting up large capacity nuclear
power reactors in cooperation with US companies. In this regard, the government had
accorded in-principle approval for the sites at Chhaya Mithi Virdi in Gujarat and Kovvada
in Andhra Pradesh for setting up six reactors at each site in cooperation with the USA.
The expenditure at these two sites has largely been incurred by NPCIL on the technology
independent activities like site investigation, preparations for environment and regulatory
clearances, public awareness etc. The cumulative expenditure (as of June 2014) has been
` 31.81 crore in ChhayaMithiVirdi&`14.78 Crore in Kovvada projects.
Appointment of CIC

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

PIB, right to information, polity, CIC, rti,

As per Section 12(5) of the Right to Information Act, 2005 the Chief Information Commissioner
and Information Commissioners in the Central Information Commission shall be persons
of eminence in public life with wide knowledge and experience in law, science and technology,
social service, management, journalism, mass media or administration and governance.
Reservation is not applicable in the appointment of Chief Information Commissioners
under the Right to Information Act, 2005. Chief Information Commissioners, including
the present Chief Information Commissioner, in the Central Information Commission (CIC)
have been retired officers.
Government Proposes to Develop Unconventional SOURCES of Gas

Mon, Aug 4, 2014

unconventional sources of gas, PIB, economics, Shale gas, energy,

The Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum & Natural Gas Shri Dharamendra Pradhan informed
the Lok Sabha in a written reply today that the Government proposes to develop unconventional

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sources of gas like Coal Bed Methane (CBM), Gas Hydrates and Shale Gas. In order to
develop Coal Bed Methane (CBM) resources, the Government has awarded 33 blocks
for exploration and exploitation of CBM. The prognosticated CBM resources are estimated
to be of the order of 63 Trillion Cubic Feet (TCF). Out of the 33 blocks, 30 blocks have
been offered through International Competitive Bidding (ICB), 2 on nomination basis
and 1 through Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) route. For the exploration
and development of Gas Hydrates, the National Gas Hydrate Programme (NGHP) was
formulated by Government in 1995. The first NGHP Expledition-01 was carried out in
2006, wherein coring and drilling at 21 sites in western offshore, eastern offshore and Andaman
sea were done to know the occurrence of gas hydrates in offshore areas. The presence
of gas hydrates has been established in Krishna-Godavari, Mahanadi and Andaman deep
water basins along east coast of India. The Shale gas potential in the country has been
assessed based on the geo-scientific data gathered for conventional oil and gas over the
years in different sedimentary basins by National Oil Companies and Private/Joint Venture
Companies. The preliminary study indicates that the potential of Shale gas exists in Cambay,
Gondwana, Krishna-Godavari onland, Cauvery onland, Assam-Arakan and Indo-Gangetice
sedimentary basins. The Government has awarded 33 blocks for exploration and exploitation
of CBM under the four bidding rounds launched, so far. Out of these, 8 blocks are under
development phase wherein good CBM potential have been established. The Field Development
Plans (FDP) for these blocks have been approved and development activities have been
carried out by the contractor.
Central Vigilance Commission Recommendations

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

Central Vigilance Commission Recommendations , PIB, cvc, polity,

The Central Vigilance Commission tenders its advice on references received from Ministries
/Departments/ Organisations against certain categories of public servants under its jurisdiction.
After receipt of the advice of the Commission, the disciplinary authorities concerned are
the competent authority to take decision in disciplinary cases. It is mandatory on the part
of the organizations to seek the Commission's advice before proceeding further in a matter
where earlier a report was called for by the Commission. The Commission on considering
the investigation reports furnished by the Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) or the CBI and
depending on the facts of each case and the evidence/records available, advises (a) initiation
of criminal and/or regular departmental action (major or minor) against the public servant(s)
concerned; (b) administrative action against public servants concerned; or (c) closure of
the case and such advices are termed as first stage advice.
Study on Impact of FTAs on the Manufacturing Sector

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

manufacturing sector, FTA, PIB, economics, impact of FTAs,

Impact evaluation of FTAs is a continuous process which starts even before FTA negotiations
are entered into. As per preferential import data available, the extent of utilization of FTAs

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by the exporters of the trading partner countries is low. Before entering into negotiations
with its trading partners, studies are undertaken internally, as well as through the Joint
Study Group (JSG) to study the feasibility of the proposed FTAs, including their impact
on the domestic stakeholders including the Apex Chambers of Commerce and Industry,
Industry Associations as well as the Administrative Ministries and Departments. In order
to protect the interest of the domestic industry and agriculture sector, these agreements
provide for maintaining sensitive/negative lists of items on which limited or no tariff concessions
are granted under the FTA. In addition, in case of a surge in imports and injury to the domestic
industry, a country is allowed to take recourse to the measures such as anti-dumping and
safeguards. Every FTA has a joint review mechanism which monitors the implementation
of the FTA. India's trade and economic relations with all its FTA partners have increased
substantially.
Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights)
Act, 2006 Rights of Tribals and Forest Dwellers
Thu, Aug 7, 2014
Tribal Affairs Ministry, PIB, forest rights act, polity, Tribal,

To address the adverse living conditions of many tribal families living in forests was on
account of non-recognition and vesting of pre-existing rights, a landmark legislation viz.
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights)
Act, 2006, has been enacted to recognize and vest the forest rights and occupation of forest
land in forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers, who have
been residing in such forests for generations, but whose rights could not be recorded. This
Act not only recognizes the rights to hold and live in the forest land under the individual
or common occupation for habitation or for self-cultivation for livelihood, but also grants
several other rights to ensure their control over forest resources which, inter-alia, include
right of ownership, access to collect, use and dispose of minor forest produce, community
rights such as nistar; habitat rights for primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities;
right to protect, regenerate or conserve or manage any community forest resource which
they have been traditionally protecting and conserving for sustainable use. The Act also
provides for diversion of forest land for public utility facilities managed by the Government,
such as schools, dispensaries, fair price shops, electricity and telecommunication lines,
water tanks, etc. with the recommendation of Gram Sabhas. In addition, several schemes
have been implemented by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for the benefit of tribal people,
including those in the forest areas such as "Mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest
Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and development of Value Chain
for MFP". Funds are released out of Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan for
infrastructure work relating to basic services and facilities viz. approach roads, healthcare,
primary education, minor irrigation, rainwater harvesting, drinking water, sanitation, community
halls, etc. for development of forest villages. Under Section 3(1)(h) of the Scheduled
Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006,
the rights of settlement and conversion of all forest villages, old habitations, un-surveyed

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villages and other villages in forest, whether recorded, notified, or not, into revenue villages
have been recognized as one of the forest rights of forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and
other traditional forest dwellers on all forest lands. As per the provisions of the Act and
the rules framed thereunder, the forest right related to conversion of forest villages into
revenue villages is to be adjudicated by the Gram Sabha, Sub-Divisional Level Committee
and the District Level Committee as per the laid down procedure, like any other forest
right specified in the Act. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has issued guidelines on 8.11.2013,
inter-alia, impressing upon all the State/ UT Governments to convert all such erstwhile
forest villages, un-recorded settlements and old habitations into revenue villages with a
sense of urgency in a time bound manner. The conversion would include the actual land
use of the village in its entirety, including land required for current or future community
uses, like, schools, health facilities, public spaces etc.
Anti-Dumping Duty on Imported Solar Modules

Wed, Aug 6, 2014

Anti Dumping Duty, PIB, economics, solar, solar power,

Solar Cells, Modules or Panels, Thin Films (hereinafter referred to as 'subject goods')
have been exported to India from China PR, Chinese Taipei, Malaysia and USA (hereinafter
referred to as 'subject countries') below its normal value, thus resulting in dumping of
the subject goods; i. The domestic industry represented by Indian Solar Manufacturers
Association (ISMA) has suffered material injury due to dumping of the subject goods;
and ii. The material injury has been caused to the domestic industry by the dumped imports
of the subject goods originating in or exported from China PR, Chinese Taipei, Malaysia
and USA. The Designated Authority has further stated in its Final findings that having
established positive dumping margin as well as material injury to the domestic industry
caused by such dumped imports, imposition of definitive anti-dumping duty is required
to offset dumping and injury. The Designated Authority has recommended to the Government
for imposition of definitive anti-dumping duties ranging from US$ 0.11 per watt to US$
0.81 per watt on the imports of the subject goods from subject countries. The recommended
anti-dumping duties, if imposed, may lead to some increase in the capital cost for the solar
power developers. However, the collected anti-dumping duties can be placed in the hands
of MNRE to provide additional subsidy to neutralize the additional capital cost of the solar
power developers. Further, the National Clean Energy Fund, which is intended to develop
clean energy in the country, can also be uitlised to provide subsidies to projects which
may be affected by the anti-dumping duties.
Statement by Nirmala Sitharaman in Lok Sabha Regarding "India's Stand in the WTO"
Tue, Aug 5, 2014
mains, Trade Facilitation, wto, BRICS Trade, PIB, economics,

1. I am making this intervention in the House today in order to place before the Hon'ble
Members the facts relating to the stand taken by India in the World Trade Organization
(WTO) recently. 2. The Bali Ministerial Declaration was adopted on 7 December 2013

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on conclusion of the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the WTO in Bali. Ministerial Decisions
were adopted on ten issues relating to the Doha Development Agenda which is the agenda
for the unfinished Doha Round of trade negotiations, underway in the WTO since 2001.
3. Amongst these Ministerial Decisions, two are of particular significance -- the Ministerial
Decision for an Agreement on Trade Facilitation and the Ministerial Decision on Public
Stockholding for Food Security Purposes. 4. The Trade Facilitation Agreement is basically
aimed at greater transparency and simplification of customs procedures, use of electronic
payments and risk management techniques and faster clearances at ports. We have autonomously
taken several similar measures such as the 'Indian Customs Single Window Project' announced
in the Budget 2014-15 to facilitate trade, under which importers and exporters will be able
to lodge documents at a single point, reducing interface with Governmental agencies, dwell
time and the cost of doing business. 5. The Protocol of the Trade Facilitation Agreement
(TFA) was to be adopted by 31 July 2014 by the WTO. After this the Agreement would
automatically come into force from 31 July 2015 if ratified by two-thirds of the members
of the WTO. 6. In contrast to their efforts on Trade Facilitation in the WTO, some developed
countries have been reluctant to engage on other issues. 7. Seeing the resistance to taking
forward the other Decisions, the apprehension of developing countries was that once the
process of bringing the Trade Facilitation Agreement into force was completed, other issues
would be ignored, including the important issue of a permanent solution on subsidies on
account of public stockholding for food security purposes. 8. India, therefore, took the
stand that till there is an assurance of commitment to find a permanent solution on public
stockholding and on all other Bali deliverables, including those for the Least Developed
Countries (LDCs), it would be difficult to join the consensus on the Protocol of Amendment
for the Trade Facilitation Agreement. 9. Without a permanent solution, public stockholding
programmes in India and other developing countries will be hampered by the present ceiling
on domestic support which is pegged at 10 per cent of the value of production and is wrongly
considered as trade-distorting subsidy to farmers under existing WTO rules. The existence
of such a subsidy element is determined by comparing present day administered prices
with fixed reference prices of the 1986-88 period which is unrealistic. 10. The problem
is a very real one. Developing countries are finding themselves hamstrung by the existing
rules in running their food stockholding and domestic food aid programmes. The developed
world too had market price support programmes and was able to move away from such
support - though not fully even now - because of their deep pockets. This is not possible
for developing countries. It is important for developing countries to be able to guarantee
some minimum returns to their poor farmers so that they are able to produce enough for
themselves and for domestic food security. 11. Developed countries continue to have
large entitlements to provide support to farmers. These would have been cut in the Doha
Development Round which unfortunately remains unfinished. Had this Round, which
has development at its core, concluded as per the agreed timelines and its development
agenda, the world would have had an outcome in a single undertaking in which competing
interests could have been balanced. Today, developing countries are fighting to keep the
negotiations focused on development against the single-minded mercantilist focus of most

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of the rich developed world on market access issues. 12. Overall balance is important
even in a limited package of outcomes. The Bali outcomes were negotiated as a package
and must be concluded as such. 13. It is regrettable indeed that today the WTO is unable
to agree even to fast track negotiations on an issue of such importance to millions of subsistence
farmers across the developing world, while the rich world can continue to subsidise their
farmers unabatedly. 14. The matter came up for discussion in the margins of the BRICS
Trade Ministers meeting in Brazil on 14 July and the G20 Trade Ministers meeting in Sydney
on 19 July. It was also raised by the representatives of some countries in their interactions
with the Indian government. On each occasion I explained that India is a signatory to the
Bali Decisions, including Trade Facilitation and is not standing in the way of its implementation
but is seeking an equal level of commitment and progress in working on the issue of public
stockholding which affects the country's livelihood and food security. A permanent solution
on food security is a must for us and we cannot wait endlessly in a state of uncertainty
while the WTO engages in an academic debate on the subject of food security which is
what some developed countries seem to be suggesting before they are ready to engage
on this important issue. 15. Food security is a humanitarian concern especially in these
times of uncertainty and volatility. Issues of development and food security are critical
to a vast swathe of humanity and cannot be sacrificed to mercantilist considerations. 16.
Developing countries such as India must have the freedom to use food reserves to feed
their poor without the threat of violating any international obligations. This is our sovereign
right. It is our duty to protect our citizens' fundamental rights to life and livelihood. 17.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the Indian population. In a country of the size of India with
60% of the population dependent on a relatively unremunerative agriculture sector, we
cannot give up administered prices. This is the only way we can procure food for the Public
Distribution System (PDS), the central pillar on which our efforts to ensure food security,
rest. Public stockholding is a widely used means to ensure food security in many developing
countries where agriculture is largely rainfed. 18. We have to look after both consumer
and producer interests. We have to enable our people to live a life of dignity by ensuring
access to an adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices. 19. On 25 July 2014,
India made a statement in the WTO General Council conveying, inter alia , that the adoption
of the TF Protocol must be postponed till a permanent solution on public stockholding
for food security is found. 20. India offered suggestions on the procedure to be followed
in order to ensure time-bound delivery of an outcome on public stockholding for food
security. We also urged that a similar approach be adopted on all other elements of the
Bali Package notably the LDC issues. 21. The integrity of India's stand is reflected in
our unwavering efforts to offer a way forward in the face of criticism. Even on 31 July
2014, India offered a way to achieve not only a permanent solution on the issue of public
stockholding for food security but also to implement the Trade Facilitation Agreement
in the agreed timeframe as well as deliver favourable outcomes for LDCs. 22. We have
offered practical suggestions for the way forward. The issue of a permanent solution on
public stockholding is a simple one that can be addressed very easily as there are already
several proposals on the table. A solution to this simple problem will be a tremendous

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relief for millions of farmers and poor consumers. 23. However, despite India's efforts,
our concerns were not satisfactorily addressed. 24. The Director General of the WTO
reported to an informal meeting of the Trade Negotiations Committee on 31 July 2014
that a solution could not be found to bridge the gap. 25. The General Council meeting
was, thereafter, formally declared closed without adopting the TF protocol. 26. India stood
firm on its demands despite immense pressure. The Government of India is committed
to protecting the interests of our farmers against all odds. Our farmers work in extremely
adverse conditions, most of them at the mercy of the vagaries of the monsoon, aggravated
today by climate change. For farmers in many developing countries farming is a subsistence
activity, not a commercial one. We are committed to their welfare and I am grateful for
the support and understanding extended by farmers' organizations in this cause. 27. I must
also thank Hon'ble Members of Parliament, many civil society groups and academicians
who have lent their voice in support of the Government's efforts to ensure a fair deal.
28. It is evident from the expressions of support that India's stand has resonated across
the world and I take this opportunity to also thank the countries that have stood by India
in the VVTO. 29. India is an unwavering votary of the multilateral trading system and
we reiterate our commitment to the WTO. We continue to believe that it is in the best interest
of developing countries, especially the poorest, most marginalized ones among them and
we are determined to work to strengthen this institution. The timely correction of any imbalances
or anomalies in the working of the system or its rules is critical to ensure that the WTO
works impartially and fairly in the interest of all its Members and not just a select few.
30. I am confident that India will be able to persuade the WTO Membership to appreciate
the sensitivities of India and other developing countries and see their way to taking this
issue forward in a positive spirit. This would be a major contribution by this institution
towards 'meeting the global challenge of food insecurity and would convey -a strong message
that .the WTO is genuinely committed to the cause of development.

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