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Step 1: Tools & Components

This is a primer project which covers following concepts1.Power Supply.or 12v battery
2.DPDT switch operation.
3.DC Geared Motors
4.Basic motion of Robot
There are following tools are required for this project1.Soldering iron
2.Hack saw/ blade
3.Screw drivers
4.Multimeter
5.Pliers
6.Wire stripper
7.Spanner
8.Hammer
There are following components are required for this projectBattery (12 volt , 4.5 Ah) DPDT SwitchRibbon wire stripDC Geared Motors
Chassis(having holes for motor) box
Metal strip
Wheels
Castor wheel
Soldering wire -

1 nos.
2nos. or 4 nos robot gripper
3 meters+
4nos 4x4 or 2 nos 4x2
1
1
12
4 nos.
1nos(4x2)
as required

Step 2: Procedure & chassis robot

PAPER PLANNING:
Before you start making your robot you need a paper plan. Measure length of
the motor (excluding shaft), diameter of shaft of the motor, inner hole diameter
of the motor. Draw a rough sketch of the base you need to cut keeping in mind

the placement of motors and wheels.


Chassis
Chassis is a mechanical assembly for making a 4 wheel drive platform.Where
you can mount any controller board to drive your bot. This is just the
mechanical chassis, Optionally as shown in the figure you can use 4 DC
geared motors, 1 castor and 4 wheels with rubber rings so you can make both
variants .

Step 3: Mechanical Assembly

Fit the caster wheel at position show in above diagram with 1.5-2 inches
(approx.) screw. Fit the dc motor into the holes of chassis and couple the
wheel by using screw or rubber tube.

Step 4: What is Caster Wheel

A Caster wheel is an undriven, single wheel that is designed to be mounted to


the bottom of a larger object so as to enable that object to be easily moved.
They are available in various sizes, and are commonly made of rubber,
plastic, nylon, aluminum, or stainless steel, etc.

Step 5: DPDT switches using circuit

To make anti-clockwise motion of motor, the polarity of supply must be


inverted of polarity of supply in clockwise motion. For "Polarity Reversal"
DPDT switches are generally used. This can be done by using following
circuit.
DPDT Switch Connections for wired control
The wire should solder on metal strip not on switches directly (as shown in fig
3). This precaution helps us if there is wrong connection occurs in circuit. So
we can change the circuit by changing metal strip position (fig 4). The
procedure is shown in figure below-

Step 6: Motor connections

The motors are fixed to the chassis and the tyres are fitted to the DC Geared
Motors

4x4 and 4x2 ! outdoor or indoor !! !

Step 7: Power Supply &12 battery

The rechargeable battery of rating 12 Volt and 4.5 ampere rating should
connected with remote switch and ...you can 9v !
8 pcs AA
battery (12V) holder with on/off switch.
The above circuit shows you how to connect the dpdt switchs to the motors
and the 12V supply
and by pressing the switch you can check the direction of the robot and
change it accordingly.
thus you are ready with your first LEVEL ONE WIRED ROBOT

Step 8: Using robot control


Before designing control wired we have to learn basic movement of robot
which is shown in following table.
Movements

Motor1 (left)

Motor2(right)

For moving forward

Clockwise

Clockwise

For moving backward

Anticlockwise

Anticlockwise

For turning left


For turning right
CONTROLS :-

Off
Clockwise

Clockwise
Off

The following switch positions will give you the respective movement.
L-DPDT switch

R-DPDT switch

Movement

TOP

TOP

Forward

BOTTOM

BOTTOM

Reverse

nil

TOP

Left

TOP

nil

TOP

BOTTOM

360 right

TOP

360 left

BOTTOM

Right