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Computer Engineering Department COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory LAB1 : Introduction to Microprocessors by using an

Computer Engineering Department

COM353

Microprocessors

Laboratory

LAB1:

Introduction to Microprocessors by using an emulator: EMU8086

Sub Topics : Running environment, Number Systems and Expression Evaluation

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Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory NAME: STUDENT ID: DATE : Time : 2 lab hours

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory

NAME:

STUDENT ID:

DATE:

Time : 2 lab hours

Objective :

Learn

Working some 8086-based Microprocessors applications on an emulator

Intuitively, what kind of applications can be done a 8086-based microprocessor Learn how to:

Run opt-in programs in EMU8086

Lab Outcomes :

Practice 8086 Emulator

Executing code examples

Using multi base calculator and base convertor

Part 1: Introduction to Emu8086

1- EMU8086

EMU8086 IDE

An Integrated Development Environment (IDE) provides a convenient environment to write a source file, assemble and link it to a -.COM or -.EXE file, and trace it in both source file, and machine code. Emu86 is an educational IDE for assembly program development. It is a Windows program, and will run by dragging an -.ASM, - .OBJ, -.LST, -.EXE , or -.COM file into the emu86 shortcut icon. By this action, asm or lst files will start the 8086 assembler source editor, while obj and exe files starts the disassembler and debugger units.

EMU8086 Source Editor

The source editor of EMU86 is a special purpose editor which identifies the 8086

mnemonics, hexadecimal numbers and labels by different colors as seen in Figure 1.

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory Figure 1. a) EMU8086 Source Editor, and b) assembler status

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory Figure 1. a) EMU8086 Source Editor, and b) assembler status report

Figure 1. a) EMU8086 Source Editor, and b) assembler status report windows.

The compile button on the taskbar starts assembling and linking of the source file. A report window is opened after the assembling process is completed. Figure 2 shows the emulator of 8086 which gets opened by clicking on emulate button

of 8086 which gets opened by clicking on emulate button Figure 2: first.exe in the emulator

Figure 2: first.exe in the emulator window of EMU8086 debugging environment

Emu8086 environment contains templates to generate command and executable files. Another benefit of Emul8086 is its emulation of a complete system, including the floppy disk, memory, CPU, and I/O ports, which raises opportunity to write custom bios and boot programs together with all other coding of a system. Moreover, its help is quite useful even for a beginner of asm programming.[1]

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory 2- Opt-in Examples in Emu8086 Look at ‘Code Examples’ .

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory

2- Opt-in Examples in Emu8086

Look at ‘Code Examples’. In this part, we will run some sample codes prewritten. The simple forward operation is enough to make them work. After opening one of the code samples, then press ‘emulate’, then ‘run’. Also try these:

a)

‘traffic lights’

e)

‘stepper motor’

3- Doing Calculations in Emu8086

Step 1: Use emu8086 to make the calculations following

a) 11001011b = ?

b) 4321h = ?

c) 57 = ? h

Procedure:

1. Please, first , do whole calculations manually.

2. Choose “Math” and specify “Base Convertorin emu8086.

3. Enter one of the numbers like in the Figure 3.

Base Convertor ” in emu8086. 3 . Enter one of the numbers like in the Figure

Figure 3: Base Convertor window

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory 4. Please compare your results with the results “base convertor”

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory

4. Please compare your results with the results “base convertor” produced.

Step 2 : Use EMU8086 to evaluate an expressions

Evaluate :

0FFFFh *10h +0FFFFh

Procedure:

1. Please, first , do whole calculations manually.

2. Choose “Math” and specify “Multi Base Calculatorin emu8086.

3. Enter the expression like in the Figure 4.

in emu8086. 3 . Enter the expression like in the Figure 4. Figure 4: Multi Base

Figure 4: Multi Base Calculator window with a sample expression

4. Please compare your results with the results “base convertor” produced. Is it same or not?

Please explain clearly.

Part 4: Exercise Part

Exercise - 1

:

In this part, explore other sample, show the results and explain briefly and clearly what does each program .

a) ‘add/subtract’

b) ‘palindrome’

c) ‘led test’

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory d) ‘thermometer’ Exercise - 2 : In this part, do

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory

d) ‘thermometer’

Exercise - 2

:

In this part, do the following calculations both using EMU8086 and manually. Are the results same for two ? Note that the followings are signed integers

a) (456) 8 = (? ) 2 .

b) 045FH = (?)

c) A27DH = (?) 8

d) 11001011 2 = (?)H

Exercise - 3

:

In this part, evaluate the following calculations both using EMU8086 and manually. Are the results same for two?

a) 01111h *0FFFFh - 0FFFFh

b) 00FFh + 0FF00h 0001h * 10ABh

c) ABCDh - 1FF2h

d) 0255h + FDABh

Part 5: Conclusion

Please express what you learn with this laboratory work with at most one paragraph.

Part 6: Honor Code

Read the following Honor Code carefully and if you approve the code, copy paste it under your work. If you do not approve the code it is not guarantee that your work will be evaluated!

"On my honor I have neither given nor received unauthorized information regarding this work, and I am unaware of any violation of the Honor Code by others."

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory RESOURCES : 1- “ Assembling, editing, linking, and executing

Gediz University COM353 Microprocessors Laboratory

RESOURCES :

1- Assembling, editing, linking, and executing assembly language programs using Emu8086 and MASM” , University of Jordan Retrieved on September, 2013 from

2- “TASM, EDIT, DEBUG and Emu8086 Assembler Tools”, Eastern Mediterranean

University. Retrieved on September, 2013 from http://cmpe.emu.edu.tr/courses/blgm323/lab1.pdf

3- “Advanced Microprocessors Lab Sheet”,Multimedia University, 2012 Retrieved on September, 2013 from http://findpdf.net/reader/Experiment-1-RealMode- Programming-ASCII-String-Handling.html