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Max. Time: Three Hours XI CHEMISTRY SAMPLE PAPER 1 Max. Marks: 70 General Instructions 1.

Max. Time: Three Hours

XI

CHEMISTRY SAMPLE PAPER 1

Max. Marks: 70

General Instructions

1. All questions are compulsory.

2. Question nos. 1 to 8 are very short answer type questions and carry 1

mark each.

3. Question nos. 9 to 18 are short answer type questions and carry 2

marks each.

4. Question nos. 19 to 27 are also short answer type questions and carry

3 marks each.

5. Question nos. 28 to 30 are long answer type questions and carry 5

marks each.

6.

Use log tables if necessary, use of calculators is not allowed.

Q

1. Explain why o - nitrophenol has a lower boiling point than p –

nitrophenol?

 

(1)

Q

2. Out of

CO

2

and BF

3

, which one of them will have a larger bond angle

Q

and why?

3. Which of the following will be a state function?

(i)

Distance travelled in climbing the hill

(ii)

Energy change in climbing the hill

(1)

(1)

Q

which electrode?

Q 5. Why are alkali metals used in photoelectric cells?

4.When sodium hydride is electrolyzed; hydrogen gas is liberated at

(1)

(1)

Q

6. Is the eclipsed conformation of propane has the same or different

energy as the eclipsed conformation of ethane?

(1)

Q

Q

Q

7.Which of the two -

stable and why?

O NCH CH O or CH CH O

2

2

2

-

3

2

-

is expected to be more

(1)

8. Due to which compound, ozone depletion is caused in Antarctica?

(1)

9. Among the elements B, Al, C and Si:

(a) Which has the highest first ionization enthalpy?

(b)Which has the most negative electron gain enthalpy?

Give reason. (2)
Give reason.
(2)

Q 10. Which of the following statements related to the modern periodic

table is incorrect and why? (a) Each block contains a number of columns equal to the number

of electrons that can occupy that sub shell.

(b)The d - block has 8 columns, because a maximum 8 electrons can occupy all the orbitals in d - sub shell.

OR

(2)

(a) Write the atomic number of the element present in the third period and seventeenth group of the periodic table.

(b) Out of the elements Cr (Z = 24), Mg (Z=12) and Fe (Z =26),

identify the element with five electrons in 3d sub shell.

(2)

Q

11. The drain cleaner contains small bits of aluminium which react with caustic soda to produce dihydrogen gas. What volume of dihydrogen at 20°C and one bar pressure will be released when

0.15 g of aluminium reacts.

(2)

Q

12. Critical temperature of ammonia and carbon dioxide are 405.5 K

and 304.10 K respectively. Which these gases will liquefy first when you

start cooling from 500K to their critical temperature?

Q 13. Consider the reaction of water with F 2 and suggest, in terms of

oxidation and reduction, which species are oxidized/ reduced.

(2)

(2)

Q

14. An element ‘A’ belongs to group 2 of the periodic table. It shows anomalous behaviour from the rest of the elements of its group. It shows a diagonal relationship with another element ‘B’. Chlorides of both ‘A’ and ‘B’ have bridged structure in vapour phase. Identify A and B and draw the structures of their respective chlorides. (2)

Q

15. A metal ‘X’ is present in chlorophyll. Identify the metal ‘X’. How

does this metal react with N 2 ?

(2)

Q

16. Give reason:-

(a) Boric acid is a monobasic acid.

(b)

PbCl

4

is a good oxidizing agent.

(2)

Q 17. A compound one. What is the structure of alkene. C H 7 14

Q 17. A compound

one. What is the structure of alkene.

C H

7

14

on ozonolysis gives ethanal and pentan–3-

(2)

Q 18. Why does the rain water normally have a pH of about 5.6? When

does it become acid rain?

(2)

Q

19. Calculate the molarity of a solution of ethanol in water in which the

mole fraction of ethanol is 0.40.

(3)

Q

Q

20. The threshold frequency for the ejection of electrons from a metal is

5.0 × 10

3.0×10

14

-19

s

-1

. Will the photon of radiation having energy

J give photo electric effect or not?

(3)

21. (a) The 4f sub shell of an atom contains 12 electrons. What is the maximum number of electrons having the same spin in it?

(b)

Explain the meaning of 4p 6 .

(c)

Write the electronic configuration of the atom with atomic

number 29.

(3)

 

OR

(a)

Calculate the total number of electrons present in one mole of methane.

(b)

An atomic orbital has n = 3. What are the possible values of l

and

m

l

?

Q 22. Explain the hybridisation of

SF

4

?

(3)

(3)

Q 23. (a) Write the expression for equilibrium constant for the reaction:

H

2

g +I

2

s

2HI g

(b) The equilibrium constant for the reaction:

I

2

g +Cl

2

g 2ICl(g) at 740K is 640. Write the equilibrium

constant for the reaction:

temperature?

2ICl(g) I

2

g +Cl

2

g

at the same

(3)

Q 24. Consider the reaction:

2SO

2

g +O

2

g 2SO

3

g

+189.4kJ . Indicate the direction in

which the equilibrium with shift when:

(a) Temperature is increased

(b) Pressure is increased (c) Concentration of SO 2 is increased. Q 25. Balance method.

(b)

Pressure is increased

(c) Concentration of

SO

2

is increased.

Q 25. Balance

method.

P+HNO H PO +NO H

3

3

4

2

Q 26. Write the IUPAC names of:

(a)

H PO +NO H 3 3 4 2 Q 26. Write the IUPAC names of: (a)

(b)

PO +NO H 3 3 4 2 Q 26. Write the IUPAC names of: (a) (b)

(c)

+NO H 3 3 4 2 Q 26. Write the IUPAC names of: (a) (b) (c)

2

(3)

O by oxidation number

(3)

(3)

Q 27. (a) Arrange the following carbanions in the increasing order of their

stability:-

CH

3

3

-

-

-

C ,CH CH , CH

3

2

3

,

CH

3

2

-

CH

(b)What is the hybridisation of the negatively charged carbon atom in a carbanion? (3) Q

(b)What is the hybridisation of the negatively charged carbon atom

in a carbanion?

(3)

Q 28. (a) Compound ‘A’ with the molecular formula

C H

5

8

reacts with

hydrogen in the presence of Lindlar’s catalyst to form a compound

B with the molecular formula

liquid ammonia forms a compound ‘C’ with the same molecular formula as that of B. Identify ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’. Give the chemical reactions involved.

(b) Write the chemical reaction involved in Kolbe’s electrolytic

process. What are the products formed at cathode and anode?

C H

5

10

. A on reacting with sodium in

(5)

OR

(a) Complete the reactions and identify A, B and C.

(5) OR (a) Complete the reactions and identify A, B and C. CH CH 3 CH

CH CH

3

CH

2

HBr

(i) O (ii)

C

3

Zn H O 2
Zn H O
2

HCHO

B

A, B and C. CH CH 3 CH 2 HBr (i) O (ii) C 3 Zn

CaC 2 +H 2 O Ca(OH) 2 + E

(5)

Q 29. For the reaction

NH Cl s

4

NH

3

g + HCl g

at 25°C, enthalpy

change

Calculate free energy change

reaction is spontaneous or not.

ΔH=+177 kJmol

-1

and entropy change

o

ΔS=+285 JK mol .

ΔG at 25 C and predict whether the

-1

-1

(5)

OR

Calculate the enthalpy of formation of benzene, using the following

data-

C

6

H

6

(l) +

15

2

O

2

g

6 CO

2

g +3H O l

2

Δ

C

θ

C s +O H 2 g + 2 1 2 g O 2 CO g

C s +O

H

2

g +

2

1

2

g

O

2

CO

g

2

g

H O l

2

Δ Δ θ f θ f
Δ
Δ
θ
f
θ
f

(5)

Q 30. Explain giving reasons for the following:

a. Boron does not form B 3+ ions.

b. Molten aluminium bromide is a poor conductor of electricity.

c. BCl 3 is more stable than TlCl 3 .

d. B-Cl bond has a dipole moment but BCl 3 has zero dipole moment.

e. Al is used to make transmission cables.

(5)

OR

Explain the following reactions:

a. Silicon is heated with methyl chloride at high temperature in the presence of copper powder

b. CO is heated with ZnO

c. Reaction of boron trifluoride with LiAlH 4 in diethyl ether

c. Reaction of boron trifluoride with sodium hydride at 450 K

d. Reaction of diborane and water

(5)

SOLUTIONS TO SURE SHOT SAMPLE PAPER 1

Ans 1. This is because o – nitro phenol has intramolecular hydrogen bonding where as p-nitro phenol has intermolecular hydrogen

Ans 2.

bonding.

(1)

CO

2

has a larger bond angle than

BF

3

. This is because

CO

2

has a

linear shape and the bond angle is 180 o ,

a trigonal planar geometry and hence the bond angle is 120 o .

BF

3 on the other hand has

(1)

Ans 3. Energy change in climbing the hill is a state function. This is because it is independent of the path followed to reach the state.

(1)

electrolysis + - Ans 4. NaH Na +H
electrolysis
+
-
Ans 4.
NaH Na +H

At anode:

2 H - 2 e

-

-

H

2

g

(1)

Ans 5. Alkali metals have low ionization energies. They can lose electrons when light falls on them, and hence are used in photo electric cells.

(1)

Ans 6. The eclipsed conformation of propane is less stable and has more energy than the eclipsed conformation of ethane. This is because in propane there are additional interactions between C-H and C-C

Ans 7.

bond of methyl group.

O NCH CH O will be more stable because

2

2

2

-

withdrawing inductive effect or – I effect.

-NO

(1)

2 group has electron

(1)

Ans 8. In Antarctica, ozone depletion is due to the formation of chlorine

nitrate.

(1)

Ans 9. (a) C will have the highest first ionization enthalpy since it has the

smallest size and highest effective nuclear charge.

(b) C will have the most negative electron gain enthalpy because of

its small size.

(1)

(1)

Ans 10. Statement a is correct and b is incorrect.

(1)

Statement b is incorrect because d sub shell can have a maximum

of 10 electrons. Therefore it has 10 columns and not 8.

OR

(1)

(a) Since the element is in the third period n=3

The element is in the seventeenth group

The outermost configuration is:

3s

2

3 p

5

.

Therefore, the atomic number of the atom is 17.

(1)

(b) Cr (Z=24) has 5 electrons in the d sub shell. Its electronic configuration is:

Ans 11.

1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 3d 5 4s 1

2 Al + 2NaOH+2H O

2 x 27

=54 g

2

2 NaAlO +3H

2

2

3 x 22.4L

(1)

54 g of Al giveH =3×22.4 L 2
54 g of Al giveH
=3×22.4 L
2

0.15g of Al gives H =

2

3×22.4

54

=0.186 L

×0.15

(1)

So, 0.186 L will be released at 1 bar pressure and 273 K. To calculate volume of H 2 at 20°C and 1 bar pressure,

V

T =273K

=0.186L

1

1

V =?

T

2

2

=273+20=293K

V

1

T

1

=

V

2

T

2

V =

2

0.186×293

273

=0.1996L=199.6 mL

(1)

Ans 12. Ammonia will liquefy first because its critical temperature will be

reached first.

(1)

Liquefaction of CO 2 will require more cooling.

(1)

Ans 13.

2H O+ 2 F 4HF+O

2

2

2

F 2 is the oxidizing agent and H 2 O is reducing agent.

(1)

H 2 O is getting oxidized to O 2 whereas F 2 is getting reduced to F - ion.

Ans 14. A is Beryllium (Be)

B is Aluminum (Al)

(1)

(1)

ion. Ans 14. A is Beryllium (Be) B is Aluminum (Al) (1) (1) Ans 15. Mg

Ans 15.

Mg is present in chlorophyll.

(1)

(1)

N 2 reacts with Mg to form magnesium nitride.

3Mg + N 2 Mg N 3 2
3Mg + N
2
Mg N
3
2

Magnesium nitride

(1)

Ans 16. (a) Boric acid is a weak monobasic acid because it is not a protonic acid but a Lewis acid as it accepts electrons from hydroxyl ion.

B OH

3

+

H O B OH

2

4

+H

-

+ (1)

(b) This is because Pb 2+ is more stable than Pb 4+ due to inert pair effect.

Ans 17.

C H

7

14

Ozonolysis

CH CHO

3

Ethanal

O

ll

CH CH CCH CH

3

2

2

3

Pen tan

3

one

(1)

(1)

Therefore the structure of the compound will be –

(1) (1) Therefore the structure of the compound will be – (1) Ans 18. Normally, rain

(1)

Ans 18. Normally, rain water has a pH of about 5.6 due to the dissolution

of CO 2 of the atmosphere into it.

(1)

H O(l) + CO

2

2

H CO

2

3

H CO

2

+

2H +CO

2-

3

3

When the pH of rain water falls below 5.6, it becomes acid rain. (1)

Ans 19.

x

C H OH

2

5

=

n

C H OH

2

5

n

C H OH

2

5

+ n

H O

2

(1)

For dilute solution, 1 L of solution can be nearly equal to 1 L of water.

n H O

2

1000

=

18

=55.55 moles

n C 2 H 5 OH

n

C

H

2 5

OH

+55.55

= 0.040

(1)

n = 2.31 moles (1)
n
= 2.31 moles
(1)

C 2 H 5 OH

Ans 20.

=5.0×10

o

14

s

-1

Threshold energy

=h

o

(1)

=6.626×10

=33.13×10

=3.31×10

-34

-20

-19

J

×5.0×10

14

(1)

Given energy of radiation

=3.0×10

-19

J

Since energy of the given radiation is less than the threshold energy,

it will not give photoelectric effect.

Ans 21. (a) 7

(1)

(1)

(b)This means that 6 electrons are present in p sub shell of the

4 th

shell

(c)

Z =29

Electronic configuration

1s

2

2 s 2 p 3s 3 p

2

6

2

OR

6

3d

10

4 s

1

(1)

(1)

(a) Number of electrons in 1 molecule of methane = 6 + 4 =10 electrons

Number of molecules in 1 mole of methane

Number of electrons in 1 mole of methane electrons

(b)n = 3

l 0 to n 1

= 0, 1, 2

For

m

l

l 0 ,

0

6.022 10

23

molecules of

methane

6.022 10

24

(1)

(1)

For l 1
For l 1

m

l

1, 0, 1

For l 2

m

l

2,

1, 0,

1,

2

Ans 22. The electronic configuration of

S-1s

2

2s

2

(1)

6

2p 3s

2

3p

4

Sulphur undergoes sp 3 d hybridisation.

(1)

22. The electronic configuration of S-1s 2 2s 2 (1) 6 2p 3s 2 3p 4
22. The electronic configuration of S-1s 2 2s 2 (1) 6 2p 3s 2 3p 4

(1)

(1)

2 [HI] Ans 23. (a) K= (1)
2
[HI]
Ans 23.
(a)
K=
(1)

H

2

(b) K' =

1

K

1

640

1.56

10

3

(1)

(1)

Ans 24.

increase in temperature will be compensated by absorbing heat. It is an

exothermic reaction.

(a) The equilibrium will shift the backward direction as the

(1)

(b) The equilibrium will shift in the forward direction since the

reaction will shift to the direction of lesser number of moles.

(1)

(c) The equilibrium will shift in the forward direction so that

Ans 25.

additional

SO

2

is used up.

direction so that Ans 25. additional SO 2 is used up. P+ 5 HNO H PO

P+ 5 HNO H PO

3

3

4

P+5 HNO H PO

3

3

4

+ NO +H O

2

2

+ 5 NO

2

+H O

2

O

= 15

O =15

H

= 5

H = 5

Oxygen and Hydrogen atoms are balanced.

Ans 26. (a) 3 – Methylpentanenitrile

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(b) 3-Chloropropanal
(b)
3-Chloropropanal

(c) 4- Nitroaniline

(1x 3 = 3)

Ans 27. (a) Order of stability

CH

3

3

-

C

CH

3

2

-

-

-

CH<CH CH CH

3

2

3

(1)

This is because

or +I effect. Due to this, electron density increases on the negatively charged carbon and hence makes it more unstable. As the number of methyl groups increases the instability increases.

-CH

3 group has electron releasing inductive effect

(1)

(b) The negatively charged carbon atom in a carbanion

is

sp

3

hybridised.

(1)

Ans 28. Compound A is

H C

3

C

A

C

C H

2

5

H

3

C C C C H

2

H

2

Pd / C

5

is H C 3 C A C C H 2 5 H 3 C C C

H

3

cis – isomer

(B)

Na in liq.NH

C C C C H H

2

5

2

3

(1)

(1)

trans - isomer (C) (b) Kolbe’s electrolytic method – 2CH COO Na 2H O 2

trans - isomer

(C)

(b) Kolbe’s electrolytic method

2CH COO Na

2H O

2

electrolysis

3

Mechanism:

2CH

3

O

ll

C

O Na

2CH

3

O

ll

C

At anode:

O

ll

C

2 CH

3

H C

3

CH

3

O

At cathode:

2e

H C

3

CH

3

2CH

3

O

ll

C

H O

2

2H

e

H

2

OH

H

CH CH

3

3

(1)

2CO

O

O

2Na

2 C H

3

2

H

2

2CO

2

2NaOH

At cathode hydrogen is liberated. At anode ethane is formed.

OR

(1)

(1)

CH CH 3 CH 2 HBr (i) O (ii) Zn H O 3 2 CH
CH CH 3 CH 2 HBr (i) O (ii) Zn H O 3 2 CH

CH CH

3

CH

2

HBr

(i) O (ii) Zn H O

3

CH CH 3 CH 2 HBr (i) O (ii) Zn H O 3 2 CH CHO

2

CH CHO

3

'C'

HCHO

CH CHCH

3

l 3

Br

'B'

O 3 2 CH CHO 3 'C' HCHO CH CHCH 3 l 3 Br 'B' CaC

CaC 2 +2 H 2 O Ca(OH) 2 + C 2 H 2

‘E’

Ans 29.

NH Cl(s) NH (g)+HCl(g)

4

3

ΔH=177kJ mol

-1

-1

ΔS=285JK mol

-1

-1

=0.285 kJ K mol

o

T=25 C=298K

-1

ΔG=ΔH- TΔS =177-(298 x 0.285)

= 92.07kJmol

-1

(1)

(1)

The reaction will be non-spontaneous.

This is because the value of G is positive.

OR

(1 x 5 = 5)

(1)

(1)

(1)

6C s + 3H 2 g 15 g C 6 H 6 (l) + C

6C s

+ 3H

2

g

15

g

C

6

H

6

(l) +

C s +O

H

2

g +

2

1

g

O

2 2

O

2 2

g

CO

2

g

H O l

2

6 CO

C H

6

6

l

2

Δ

g +3H O l

2

Δ

f

θ

f

θ

Δ

θ f Δ θ C
θ
f
Δ
θ
C

Multiplying equation (2) by 6 and (3) by 3, and adding,

6C s +6O

2

g +3H

2

g +

3

2

O

2

g

Subtracting eqn (4) – eqn (1)

6C s +3H

2

g

C H

6

6

l

Δ

f

θ

6CO

2

g +3H O l

2

Δ

θ

(1 x 3)

(1)

-1

Ans 30. a. Boron has a very small size and has a very high sum of three

ionisation enthalpies (IE 1 + IE 2 + IE 3 ). Therefore, it cannot lose its three

electrons to form B 3+ ions.

(1)

b. AlBr 3 is predominantly a covalent compound. Even in molten state it

does not have ions which can conduct electricity.

(1)

c. B exhibits +3 oxidation state and can form stable BCl 3 . Thalium shows +3 oxidation state as well as +1 oxidation state but +1 oxidation state is more predominant than +3 oxidation state because of inert pair effect. Therefore, TlCl 3 is not stable. It can form stable TlCl.

(1)

d. BCl 3 molecule has a symmetrical trigonal planar structure in which three B-Cl bonds are oriented at an angle of 120° to one another. The three bonds lie in one plane and the dipole moments of these bonds cancel one another giving net dipole moment zero.

(1)

e. Electrical conductivity of Aluminium is twice as that of copper. On mass to mass basis, Al conducts electricity twice as Cu. Therefore, it is

used in transmission cables.

OR

(1)

a.
a.

2CH Cl+Si

3

b.

Cu powder

570K

(CH ) SiCl

3

2

2

Dichlorodimethyl silicon

ZnO + CO

Zn + CO

2

c.

4BF +LiAlH 2B H +3LiF+3 AlF

3

4

2

6

3

d.

450K

2 BF +6 NaH B H +6 NaF

3

2

6

e.

B H +6H O

2

6

2

2H BO + 6H Boric acid

3

3

2

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)