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Simple Present

Exercise on Affirmative Sentences

Arrange the words to make sentences in simple present.


1. I / to collect stamps I collect stamp

2. we / to play card games -

3. he / to read comics -

4. Chris / to sing in a band -

5. we / to have a hamster -

6. Andy and John / to like cola -

7. she / to be nice -

8. they / to help their parents -

9. the children / to speak English -

10. I / to buy a newspaper every Saturday -

Exercise on Negative Sentences


Make negative sentences.
1. I watch TV. I do not w atch

2. We play football. -

3. It is boring. -

4. She cleans her room. -

5. You ride your bike every weekend. -

6. Sandy takes nice photos. -

7. They open the windows. -

8. He buys a new CD. -

9. I am late. -

10. She has a cat. -

Exercise on Questions I
Arrange the words below to make questions.
1. she / to collect / stickers Does she colle

2. they / to play / a game -

3. the cat / to sleep / in the cat's bed -

4. she / often / to dream -

5. he / to play / streetball -

6. you / to be / from Paris -

7. the pupils / to wear / school uniforms -

8. you / to go / to the cinema -

9. she / to have / friends -

10. he / to read / books -

Exercise on Affirmative Sentences


Arrange the words to make sentences in simple present.
1. I / to collect stamps - I collect stamps.I/you/we/they + infinitive
I collect stamps.

2. we / to play card games - We play card games.I/you/we/they + infinitive

3. he / to read comics - He reads comics.he/she/it + Verb + s

4. Chris / to sing in a band - Chris sings in a band.he/she/it + Verb + s

5. we / to have a hamster - We have a hamster.I/you/we/they + have (got)

6. Andy and John / to like cola - Andy and John like cola.mehrere Personen + infinitive

7. she / to be nice - She is nice.he/she/it + 'be' in der richtigen Form = 'is'

8. they / to help their parents - They help their parents.I/you/we/they + infinitive

9. the children / to speak English - The children speak English.mehrere Personen + infinitive

10. I / to buy a newspaper every Saturday - I buy a newspaper every


Saturday.I/you/we/they + infinitive

Exercise on Negative Sentences


Make negative sentences.
1. I watch TV. - I do not watch TV.I/you/we/they + do + not + infinitive
I do not w atch TV

2. We play football. - We do not play football.I/you/we/they + do + not + infinitive

3. It is boring. - It is not boring.he/she/it + 'be' in der richtigen Form = 'is' + not

4. She cleans her room. - She does not clean her room.he/she/it + does + not + infinitive

5. You ride your bike every weekend. - You do not ride your bike every weekend.I/you/we/they +
do + not + infinitive

6. Sandy takes nice photos. - Sandy does not take nice photos.he/she/it + does + not + infinitive

7. They open the windows. - They do not open the windows.I/you/we/they + do + not + infinitive

8. He buys a new CD. - He does not buy a new CD.he/she/it + does + not + infinitive

9. I am late. - I am not late.I + 'be' in der richtigen Form = 'am' + not

10. She has a cat. - She does not have a cat.he/she/it + does + not + 'have' oder he/she/it + 'has' + not
+ got

Exercise on Questions I
Arrange the words below to make questions.
1. she / to collect / stickers - Does she collect stickers?Does + subject + infinitive + rest of the
sentence
Does she collect

2. they / to play / a game - Do they play a game?Do + subject + infinitive + rest of the sentence

3. the cat / to sleep / in the cat's bed - Does the cat sleep in the cat's bed?Does + subject (third
person singular) + infinitive + rest of the sentence

4. she / often / to dream - Does she often dream?Does + subject (third person singular) + infinitive

5. he / to play / streetball - Does he play streetball?Does + subject (third person singular) +


infinitive + rest of the sentence

6. you / to be / from Paris - Are you from Paris?form of 'to be' + subject + rest of the sentence

7. the pupils / to wear / school uniforms - Do the pupils wear school uniforms?Do + subject +
infinitive + rest of the sentence

8. you / to go / to the cinema - Do you go to the cinema?Do + subject + infinitive + rest of the
sentence

9. she / to have / friends - Does she have friends?Does + subject + have + rest of the sentence
oder Has + subject + got + rest of the sentence

10. he / to read / books - Does he read books?Does + subject + infinitive + rest of the sentence

Exercise on Past Perfect Simple


03

Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Simple

Write the verbs in Past Perfect Simple.


1. The pupils talked about the film they (watch)

2. I was late for work because I (miss)

the bus.

3. We lived in the house that my father (build)

4. We admired the picture that Lucy (paint)

5. They watered the trees that they (plant)

6. The teacher corrected the tests that the pupils (write)

7. I received a good mark in my test because I (practise)

8. The mail order house did not send me the shirt that I (order)

9. I had to clean the floor because my cats (knock)

on ego4u.

over the flower pots.

10. My friend was in hospital because she (slip)

on a banana skin.

Negative Sentences in Past Perfect Simple


Write the verbs in Past Perfect Simple. Use the negative form.
1. In the shopping centre, I met a friend who I (see / not)

for ages.

2. The thief could walk right into the house because you (lock / not)

3. We lost the match because we (practise / not)

the days before.

4. At school, Jim quickly copied the homework that he (do / not)

5. We ate at a restaurant last night because I (buy / not)

the door.

anything for dinner.

6. When we came back, it was cold in the house because Alice (close / not)

7. All day long, Phil was angry with me just because I (greet / not)

8. When I met Jane at eleven oclock, she (have / not)

the windows.

him first.

breakfast yet.

9. I couldnt go to the cinema with my friends last night because I (finish / not)

homework yet.

my

10. Fred answered my question although I (ask / not)

him.

Exceptions in Spelling when adding ed


Write the participle form (3rd form) of the regular verbs. Note the exceptions in spelling when adding
ed.
1. push -

2. carry -

3. cycle -

4. drop -

5. follow -

6. play -

7. empty -

8. close -

9. dial -

10. sail -

Questions in Past Perfect Simple


Complete the questions in Past Perfect Simple.
1. (what / Bob / do)

that he was kept in after school?

2. (you / eat)

anything before you went to the theatre?

3. (he / live)

in London before he moved to Glasgow?

4. (she / find)

a new job by that time?

5. (they / book)

6. (how often / you / ring)

7. (why / they / have)

8. (Carly / wash)

a room before they went to Dublin?

the bell before he answered the door?

dinner before they came to the party?

the dishes when her mum came home?

9. (you / read)

the contract before you signed it?

10. (who / live)

in the house before we moved in?

Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Simple


Write the verbs in Past Perfect Simple.
1. The pupils talked about the film they had watchedhad + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
.

2. I was late for work because I had missedhad + past participle


regular verb - just add 'ed'
the bus.

3. We lived in the house that my father had builthad + past participle


irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (build-built-built)

4. We admired the picture that Lucy had paintedhad + past participle


regular verb - just add 'ed'
.

5. They watered the trees that they had plantedhad + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
.

6. The teacher corrected the tests that the pupils had writtenhad + past participle
irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (write-wrote-written)

7. I received a good mark in my test because I had practisedhad + past participle


regular verb ending in 'e' - only add 'd'
on ego4u.

8. The mail order house did not send me the shirt that I had orderedhad + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
.

9. I had to clean the floor because my cats had knockedhad + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
over the flower pots.

10. My friend was in hospital because she had slippedhad + past participle
regular verb ending in a consonant (p) after a short stressed vowel (i) - double the final
consonant when adding 'ed'
on a banana skin.

Negative Sentences in Past Perfect Simple


Write the verbs in Past Perfect Simple. Use the negative form.
1. In the shopping centre, I met a friend who I had not seenhad + not + past participle
irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (see-saw-seen)

for ages.

2. The thief could walk right into the house because you had not lockedhad + not + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
the door.

3. We lost the match because we had not practisedhad + past participle


regular verb ending in 'e' - only add 'd'
the days before.

4. At school, Jim quickly copied the homework that he had not donehad + not + past participle
irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (do-did-done)
.

5. We ate at a restaurant last night because I had not boughthad + not + past participle
irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (buy-bought-bought)

anything for dinner.

6. When we came back, it was cold in the house because Alice had not closedhad + not + past
participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
the windows.

7. All day long, Phil was angry with me just because I had not greetedhad + not + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
him first.

8. When I met Jane at eleven oclock, she had not hadhad + not + past participle
irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (have-had-had)

breakfast yet.
9. I couldnt go to the cinema with my friends last night because I had not finishedhad + not + past
participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
my homework yet.

10. Fred answered my question although I had not askedhad + not + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
him.

Exceptions in Spelling when adding ed


Write the participle form (3rd form) of the regular verbs. Note the exceptions in spelling when adding
ed.
1. push - pushedno exceptions in spelling when adding 'ed'

2. carry - carriedafter a consonant (r), 'y' becomes 'i' when adding 'ed'

3. cycle - cycledif a verb ends in 'e', only add 'd'

4. drop - droppedafter a short stressed vowel (o), double the final consonant (p) when adding 'ed'

5. follow - followedno exceptions in spelling when adding 'ed'

6. play - playedno exceptions in spelling when adding 'ed'; after a vowel (a), 'y' doesn't become 'i'
when adding 'ed'

7. empty - emptiedafter a consonant (r), 'y' becomes 'i' when adding 'ed'

8. close - closedif a verb ends in 'e', only add 'd'

9. dial - dialledafter a vowel (a), the final consonant 'l' is doubled in British English (dialled), but
not in American English (dialed)

10. sail - sailedno exceptions in spelling when adding 'ed'


The vowels (ai) have a single vowel sound (this is called a diphtong). After diphtongs, final 'l' is
not doubled.

Questions in Past Perfect Simple


Complete the questions in Past Perfect Simple.

1. What had Bob doneinterrogative + had + subject + past participle


irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (do-did-done)

that he

was kept in after school?


2. Had you eatenHad + subject + past participle
irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (eat-ate-eaten)

anything

before you went to the theatre?


3. Had he livedHad + subject + past participle
regular verb ending in 'e' - only add 'd'

in London before he moved to Glasgow?

4. Had she foundHad + subject + past participle


irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (find-found-found)

new job by that time?


5. Had they bookedHad + subject + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
a room before they went to Dublin?

6. How often had you runginterrogative + had + subject + past participle


irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (ring-rang-rung)

the bell

before he answered the door?


7. Why had they hadinterrogative + had + subject + past participle
irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (have-had-had)

before they came to the party?


8. Had Carly washedHad + subject + past participle
regular verb - just add 'ed'
the dishes when her mum came home?

dinner

9. Had you readHad + subject + past participle


irregular verb - see 3rd column in list of irregular verbs (read-read-read)

contract before you signed it?


10. Who had livedinterrogative + had + subject + past participle
regular verb ending in 'e' - only add 'd'
in the house before we moved in?

the

Comparison of Adjectives

Fill in the correct forms.


2

Positive Form
difficult

Comparative

Superlative
ZGlmZmljdWx0CW

quick

cXVpY2sJcXVpY

clever

Y2xldmVyCWNsZ

long

bG9uZw lsb25nZ

afraid

Exercise on Comparison of Adjectives


Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets (comparative or superlative).
1. My house is (big)

than yours.
bigger

2. This flower is (beautiful)

3. This is the (interesting)

4. Non-smokers usually live (long)

5. Which is the (dangerous)

6. A holiday by the sea is (good)

than that one.

book I have ever read.

than smokers.

animal in the world?

than a holiday in the mountains.

7. It is strange but often a coke is (expensive)

8. Who is the (rich)

woman on earth?

9. The weather this summer is even (bad)

10. He was the (clever)

than a beer.

thief of all.

than last summer.

Exercise on Comparison of Adjectives (as ... as)


Fill in the comparison with as ... as.
1. John is (tall)

Glen.
as tall as

2. Janet is (beautiful)

3. You are (crazy)

Jeniffer.

my sister.

4. We can run (fast)

they can.

5. My mom is (not / strict)

your mum.

6. Your mobile phone is (not / trendy)

mine.

7. Matrix II was (not / interesting)

Matrix I.

8. This yoghurt (not / taste / good)

the one I bought yesterday.

9. I can do (many / press-ups)

10. I (not / earn / much / money)

you.

you do.

Comparison of Adjectives

Fill in the correct forms.


2

Positive Form
difficult schwierig, schwieriger, am
schwierigsten

Comparative

Superlative
most difficult

more difficult

Adjectives of three or more syllables are compared with more/most.

quick schnell, schneller, am schnellsten

quicker

quickest
cXVpY2sJcXVpY

One-syllable adjectives are compared with -er/-est.

clever klug, klger, am klgsten

cleverer

cleverest
Y2xldmVyCWNsZ

Two-syllable adjectives ending in er are compared with -er/-est.

long lang, lnger, am lngsten

longer

longest
bG9uZw lsb25nZ

One-syllable adjectives are compared with -er/-est.


afraid verngstigt, verngstigter, am
verngstigten

more afraid

most afraid
YWZyYWlkCW1v

Two-syllable adjectives not ending in -y/-er are compared with more/most.

Exercise on Comparison of Adjectives

Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets (comparative or superlative).


1. My house is bigger'than' indicates that we have to use the comparative form
one-syllable adjectives are compared by adding '-er/-est', note: after a short vowel (i), the final
consonant (g) is doubled
than yours.
bigger

2. This flower is more beautiful'than' indicates that we have to use the comparative form
adjectives of three or more syllables are compared by using 'more/most'

than

that one.
3. This is the most interestingthe definite article (the) before the adjective indicates that we have to
use the superlative form
adjectives of three or more syllables are compared by using 'more/most'
book I

have ever read.


4. Non-smokers usually live longer'than' indicates that we have to use the comparative form
one-syllable adjectives are compared by adding '-er/-est'
than smokers.

5. Which is the most dangerousthe definite article (the) before the adjective indicates that we have
to use the superlative form
adjectives of three or more syllables are compared by using 'more/most'
animal

in the world?
6. A holiday by the sea is better'than' indicates that we have to use the comparative form
irregular comparison (good-better-best)
than a holiday in the mountains.

7. It is strange but often a coke is more expensive'than' indicates that we have to use the
comparative form
adjectives of three or more syllables are compared by using 'more/most'

beer.

than a

8. Who is the richestthe definite article (the) before the adjective indicates that we have to use the
superlative form
one-syllable adjectives are compared by adding '-er/-est'
woman on earth?

9. The weather this summer is even worse'than' indicates that we have to use the comparative form
irregular comparison (bad-worse-worst)
than last summer.

10. He was the cleverestthe definite article (the) before the adjective indicates that we have to use the
superlative form
adjective of two syllables ending in '-er' are compared by adding '-er/-est'
thief

of all.

Exercise on Comparison of Adjectives (as ... as)


Fill in the comparison with as ... as.
1. John is as tall as

Glen.
as tall as

2. Janet is as beautiful as

3. You are as crazy as

4. We can run as fast as

5. My mom is not as strict as

Jeniffer.

my sister.

they can.

your mum.

6. Your mobile phone is not as trendy as

7. Matrix II was not as interesting as

mine.

Matrix I.

8. This yoghurt does not taste as good asNote:If we need an auxiliary verb (do), place 'not' directly
after the auxiliary. Then the main verb (taste) and after that the comparison.
the

one I bought yesterday.


9. I can do as many press-ups asNote: as + much/many + noun + as

you.

10. I do not earn as much money asNote:If we need an auxiliary verb (do), place 'not' directly after
the auxiliary. Then the main verb (earn) and after that the comparison.
you do.