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SF6 Handling Safety &

Transportation
Eric Campbell
DILO Company, Inc.
11642 Pyramid Drive
Odessa, FL 33556
(727) 376-5593

SF6 is
Environmentally damaging

1 lb. of SF6 = 11 TONS of CO2

Easily contained & cleaned


Indefinitely reusable

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DILO Company, Inc.

Pure SF6 is
Non-toxic
Inert
Completely safe
Asphyxiation
Frostbite

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DILO Company, Inc.

Faulted SF6 is
Gas exposed to >300F
Breaker operation
Internal fault/flash-over
Can contain toxic & poisonous gases
S2F10 main component to nerve gas
High concentrations of HF & SO2

Gas can be faulted outside of a breaker


Smoking
Heaters
Welding
Vehicle running at idle
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DILO Company, Inc.

Protective Equipment

Depends on the size of the equipment


Full-face respirator w/acid vapor cartridges
Gloves to cover exposed skin
If full entry, Tyvek body suits
HEPA vacuum to remove any visible powder
Neutralizing solution for accidental exposure

Any alkaline solution (i.e. baking soda & water)

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DILO Company, Inc.

Procedure
After gas removal, equalize
Using dry air/N2
Immediately vacuum powder

Replace desiccant

Keep desiccant fresh

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DILO Company, Inc.

Cylinder Handling
Avoid over-filling
Verify that cylinders have tare weights

Separate cylinders

Keep full & empties far apart


Start a partial rack
Weigh all cylinders for content

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DILO Company, Inc.

Pressure issues
Breakers are under pressure

Pressure extends to top of bushings


Bushings are typically made of glass
Protect bushing when working on them

De-pressurize when moving breaker


Verify that pressure is 0 psig before
opening

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DILO Company, Inc.

Federal DOT Requirements


SF6 is a DOT classified hazardous
material
All weight limits are aggregate;
Weight of cylinder and cap must
included in total

Severe penalties for knowingly


avoiding compliance
Up to 5yrs in prison
Up to $27,500 in fines

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DILO Company, Inc.

Federal DOT Requirements


SF6 may only be transported in
DOT approved containers at
pressures greater than 25PSIG
@ 68F
Cylinders are the ONLY DOT
approved container

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DILO Company, Inc.

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Federal DOT Requirements


Materials of Trade Exemption

Allows for up to 220lbs. Of hazardous material to


be transported without documentation

>220 lbs. but <1001 lbs. paper work is required


Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Shipping Manifest (i.e. bill of lading form)

>1001 lbs. considered bulk transportation


In addition to MSDS & Shipping manifest;

Driver must carry HazMat endorsement


Vehicle must be placarded (Class 2.2, UN1080)

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DILO Company, Inc.

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Filling Cylinders
Anyone can fill a cylinder
DOT requirements:

Only cylinder owner can fill


Hydrostatic test date must be current

5 years from last stamped date (i.e. 10/93)


With a star (*), 10 years

For steel 115lb. bottles:

Tare weight = fill weight (1:1)

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DILO Company, Inc.

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Summary SF6 is

Indefinitely reusable
Environmentally damaging
Safe for operator when new
Dangerous when faulted requires PPE
Faulted around open flame or heat
Under pressure
Strictly DOT regulated as a hazmat
Easily consolidated into cylinders

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DILO Company, Inc.

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