Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 28

SECTION 3 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

GROUP 1 HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT


22

45

35

46

33

34

36

12
13

14

TB
T

15
P2

P1

360k

Ck1
Pa1 dr9

XAks fl

fr

dr8

2
8
380k
XAah
Aa1
XAa1
Ba1
XBa2

dr14 T1

XAa2
XBa2

10

XBa1
XAas

G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6

XAb1

380k

Ab1

47

dr11

OP
XBb2

TM1
TM2

18
P2

19

40

P1

38

42

Bb1

380k

Ak1

Bs
XAs
As

XAk
Bk1
XAks
XBk

XBs

41
P

43

Ck2
Bd
XAd
Ad

Ao
Bo

T2

At
XAt
Bt

16

P1

XBt

Sh

T4

T3

320k(350k)

Pg

dr7
Pz

21

7
ACCELERATOR

DOZER

ARM

BOOM

Py

Px

P1

39

5
SWING

P2

Pi

39

BUCKET
220k

37

37
XBd
dr6

XAd

20

XBa1

dr5

XAa1 XBb1
dr3

XBs
Sh

XAa1 XBk
dr4

Mu B

A1

XAk

A2

T1

XAs
XAas

23
24
25

30
XAt

XBt

XAa2

Pz

17

Pa1

dr1~dr14

28

Pg

37

Pi

32

dr2

fr(pi2)

fl(pi1)

T2~T4

44

29

XAo
XBo

XBd

dr12 dr13
TP

11

P1

XBb1

dr10

31
E

27

dr1

26

XAah

3 -1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

Main pump
Main control valve
Swing motor
Travel motor
RCV lever(LH)
RCV lever(RH)
Accelerator pedal
Turning joint
Transmission valve
Steering valve
Gear pump
Locking valve
Transmission
Front axle
Rear axle
Brake supply valve
Accumulator
Accumulator
Accumulator
Shuttle valve
RCV lever-Dozer
Oscillating cylinder
Check valve
Check valve
Oil cooler
Strainer
Bypass valve
Return filter
Spin filter
Air breather
Hydraulic tank
Line filter
Boom cylinder(RH)
Boom cylinder(LH)
Arm cylinder
Bucket cylinder
Last guard filter
Brake valve
Pressure switch
Pressure switch
Pressure switch
Pressure switch
Pressure switch
Solenoid valve
Dozer cylinder(RH)
Dozer cylinder(LH)
Gauge block

GROUP 3 PILOT CIRCUIT

Remote control valve


(LH lever)

RCV
lever(Dozer)

Remote control valve


(RH lever)

Safety lock
solenoid valve

Swing parking brake

Control valve
Travel speed shift port of
transmission
Arm half flow solenoid valve
Accelerator
pedal

Power boost solenoid valve


Line filter

Main pump

Relief valve
40kg/cm2

Pilot pump

Suction filter

The pilot circuit consists of suction circuit, delivery circuit and return circuit.
The pilot pump is provided with relief valve, receives the oil from the hydraulic tank through the
suction filter.
The discharged oil from the pilot pump flows to the remote control valve through line filter, EPPR
valve, solenoid valve assemblies, swing parking brake, main control valve and safety lock solenoid
valve through line filter.

3-5

1. SUCTION, DELIVERY AND RETURN CIRCUIT

DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

GEAR
PUMP

TRAVEL

PEDAL RCV LEVER RCV LEVER(LH)


(DOZER)
ACCELERATOR

DOZER SWING

ARM

RCV LEVER(RH)
BOOM

BUCKET

T1

dr6

dr5

dr3

dr4

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

T2~T4

PILOT PUMP
dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

dr2

HYD TANK
RELIEF VALVE

The pilot pump receives oil from the hydraulic tank. The discharged oil from the pilot pump flows to
the safety solenoid valve through the line filter. The oil is filtered by the line filter. The pilot relief
valve is provided in the pilot pump for limiting the pilot circuit pressure.
The oil filtered by line filter flows into the remote control valve through safety solenoid valve.
The return oil from remote control valve is returned to hydraulic tank through the spin filter.

3-6

2. SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE(SAFETY LEVER)

DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

GEAR
PUMP

TRAVEL

PEDAL RCV LEVER RCV LEVER(LH)


(DOZER)
ACCELERATOR

DOZER SWING

ARM

RCV LEVER(RH)
BOOM

BUCKET

T1

dr6

dr5

dr3

dr4

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

T2~T4

PILOT PUMP

LEVER
DOWN

dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

dr2

HYD TANK
RELIEF VALVE

LEVER UP

When the lever of the safety solenoid valve is moved downward, oil flows into the remote control
valve through solenoid valve and line filter.
When the lever of the safety solenoid valve is moved upward, oil does not flow into the remote
control valve because of block by the spool.

3-7

3. MAIN RELIEF PRESSURE CHANGE CIRCUIT


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

GEAR
PUMP

TRAVEL

MAIN RELIEF
VALVE

PEDAL RCV LEVER RCV LEVER(LH)


(DOZER)
ACCELERATOR

DOZER SWING

ARM

Pz

RCV LEVER(RH)
BOOM

BUCKET

T1

dr6

dr5

POWER BOOST
SOLENOID VALVE

dr3

dr4

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

T2~T4

PILOT PUMP
dr1~dr14

Pz

Pg
Pi

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

dr2

HYD TANK
RELIEF VALVE

When the power max switch on the left control lever is pushed ON, the power max solenoid valve is
actuated, the discharged oil from the pilot pump flows into Pz port of the main relief valve in main
control valve ; Then the setting pressure of the main control valve is raised from 320kgf/cm2 to
350kgf/cm2 for increasing the digging power. And even when pressed continuously, it is canceled
after 8 seconds.

3-8

4. SWING PARKING BRAKE RELEASE


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

ARM2

ARM1

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

Sh
Pg

GEAR
PUMP

dr7

TRAVEL

A Mu B

PEDAL RCV LEVER RCV LEVER(LH)


(DOZER)
ACCELERATOR

DOZER SWING

ARM

RCV LEVER(RH)
BOOM

BUCKET
T1

dr6

dr5

dr3
Sh

dr4

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

T2~T4

PILOT PUMP

dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi
dr2

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

HYD TANK
RELIEF VALVE

When the swing control lever is operated, the pilot oil flows to Sh port of shuttle valve, this pressure
moves spool so, discharged oil from pilot pump flows to Pg port.
This pressure is applied to swing motor disc cylinder, thus the brake is released.
When the swing control lever is set in neutral position, oil in the swing motor disc cylinder is drained,
thus the brake is applied.

3-9

5. ARM HALF FLOW SYSTEM

DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

XAah
XAa2

XAa1

ARM2

ARM1

XBa2

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

GEAR
PUMP

TRAVEL

PEDAL RCV LEVER RCV LEVER(LH)


(DOZER)
ACCELERATOR

DOZER SWING

ARM

RCV LEVER(RH)
BOOM

BUCKET

T1

XAa1
dr6

dr5

dr3

ARM HALF
SOLENOID
VALVE

dr4

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

T2~T4

PILOT PUMP
XAa2

dr1~dr14

Pz

Pg
Pi

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

dr2

HYD TANK
RELIEF VALVE

XAah

When the arm half flow switch is turned ON, the arm half flow solenoid valve is switched to ON and
Arm2 pilot port XAa2 is connected with drain line : So the spool of ARM2 is not actuated. As a result,
the arm in operation is only the ARM1 section. This function is useful for fine control of the arm in
case of finishing work.

3 - 10

6. TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL PRESSURE


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

TRAVEL
SPEED
VALVE
HIGH
SPEED

ARM2

ARM1
LOW GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
SPEED

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR
T3
PARKING
SOLENOID

GEAR
PUMP

TRAVEL

PEDAL RCV LEVER RCV LEVER(LH)


(DOZER)
ACCELERATOR

DOZER SWING

ARM

RCV LEVER(RH)
BOOM

BUCKET

T1

dr6

dr5

dr3

dr4

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

T2~T4

PILOT PUMP
dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi
dr2

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

HYD TANK
RELIEF VALVE

When LH multifunction switch was placed in high or low position, the pressure oil from pilot pump
flows through parking solenoid valve of transmission control valve to travel speed solenoid valve,
thus the transmission is changed into high or low speed condition.

3 - 11

GROUP 4 SINGLE OPERATION


1. BOOM RAISE OPERATION
DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

BOOM HOLDING
VALVE

XAb1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

dr11

Op
XBb2

BOOM1

BOOM2

XBb1

P1
Bb1

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the right control lever is pulled back, the boom spools in the main control valve are moved to
the raise position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the front and rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the large
chamber of boom cylinders.
At the same time, the oil from the small chamber of boom cylinders returns to the hydraulic oil tank
through the boom spool in the main control valve. When this happens, the boom goes up.
When the boom is raised and the control lever is returned to the neutral position, the circuit for the
holding pressure at the bottom end of the boom cylinder is closed by the boom holding valve.
This prevents the hydraulic drift of boom cylinder.

3 - 12

2. BOOM DOWN OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

RELIEF VALVE
MAKE UP VALVE

XAb1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

Op
XBb2

dr11

BOOM1

P1

BOOM2
Bb1

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the right control lever is pushed forward, the boom spools in the main control valve are moved
to the lower position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the small chamber of
boom cylinders. At the same time, the oil from the large chamber of boom cylinders returns to the
hydraulic tank through the boom spool in the main control valve.
When the lowering speed of boom is faster, the oil returned from the large chamber of boom cylinder
combines with the oil from the rear pump, and flows into the small chamber of the cylinder.
This prevents cylinder cavitation by the negative pressure when the rear pump flow can not match
the boom down speed.
And the excessive pressure in the boom cylinder rod end circuit is
prevented by the relief valve.

3 - 13

3. ARM ROLL IN OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

MAKEUP RELIEF
VALVE
VALVE

XAh
XAa1

XAa2

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

ARM HALF SOLENOID VALVE


XAa2

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

XAah

HYD TANK

When the left control lever is pulled back, the arm spools in the main control valve are moved to the
roll in position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the front and rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the large
chamber of arm cylinder.
At the same time, the oil from the small chamber of arm cylinder returns to the hydraulic oil tank
through the arm spool in the main control valve. When this happens, the arm rolls in.
The cavitation which will happen to the bottom of the arm cylinder is also prevented by the make-up
valve in the main control valve.
For arm half function, refer to page 3-10.

3 - 14

4. ARM ROLL OUT OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

MAKEUP RELIEF
VALVE
VALVE

XBa2
XBa1

ARM2

ARM1

XBa2

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the left control lever is pushed forward, the arm spools in the main control valve are moved to
the roll out position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the front and rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the small
chamber of arm cylinder.
At the same time, the oil from the large chamber of arm cylinder returns to the hydraulic oil tank
through the arm spool in the main control valve. When this happens, the arm rolls out.
The cavitation which will happen to the rod of the arm cylinder is also prevented by the make-up
valve in the main control valve.

3 - 15

5. BUCKET ROLL IN OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

Ck1

XAk2

CENTER
BYPASS VALVE

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

XAk
XAk2

BUCKET

Ck2

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the right control lever is pulled left, the bucket spool in the main control valve is moved to the
roll in position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The center bypass valve is changed over by the pilot pressure(XAk2) and then the oil from the front
pump is joined to the flow of rear pump via confluence passage.
The oil from the front and rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the large
chamber of bucket cylinder.
At the same time, the oil from the small chamber of bucket cylinder returns to the hydraulic oil tank
through the bucket spool in the main control valve. When this happens, the bucket rolls in.
The cavitation which will happen to the bottom of the bucket cylinder is also prevented by the makeup valve in the main control valve.

3 - 16

6. BUCKET ROLL OUT OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BUCKET

XBk

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the right control lever is pushed right, the bucket spool in the main control valve is moved to
the roll out position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the small chamber of
bucket cylinder.
At the same time, the oil from the large chamber of bucket cylinder returns to the hydraulic oil tank
through the bucket spool in the main control valve. When this happens, the bucket rolls out.
The cavitation which will happen to the rod of the bucket cylinder is also prevented by the make-up
valve in the main control valve.

3 - 17

7. DOZER UP OPERATION
DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

PILOT CHECK
VALVE

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

XAd
XBd

DOZER

P1

P2

RCV LEVER
(DOZER)
DOZER

T1

XBd

XAd

FRONT
PUMP

Pg
Pi
dr2

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

LINE FILTER

When the dozer control lever is pulled back, the dozer spool in the main control valve is moved to the
dozer up position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the front pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the small chamber of
dozer cylinders.
At the same time, the oil from the large chamber of dozer cylinders returns to the hydraulic oil tank
through the dozer spool in the main control valve. When this happens, the dozer goes up.

3 - 18

8. DOZER DOWN OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

XAd
XBd

DOZER

P1

P2

RCV LEVER
(DOZER)
DOZER

T1

XBd

XAd

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

Pg
Pi
dr2

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

LINE FILTER

When the dozer control lever is pushed forward, the dozer spool in the main control valve is moved
to the dozer down position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the front pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the large chamber of
dozer cylinders.
At the same time, the oil from the small chamber of dozer cylinders returns to the hydraulic oil tank
through the dozer spool in the main control valve. When this happens, the dozer blade is down.

3 - 19

9. SWING OPERATION
DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

XAs
XBs

SWING
BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR
Sh

GEAR
PUMP

Pg

dr7

P1

P2

A Mu B

RCV LEVER(LH)
SWING

ARM
T1

XBs
Sh

XAs

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE

T2~T4

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi
dr2

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

HYD TANK

When the left control lever is pushed left or right, the swing spool in the main control valve is moved
to the left or right swing position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.
The oil from the rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the swing motor.
At the same time, the oil returned from the swing motor returns to the hydraulic oil tank through the
swing spool in the main control valve.
When this happens, the superstructure swings left or right.
The swing parking brake, make up valve and the overload relief valve are provided in the swing
motors. The cavitation which will happen to the swing motor is also prevented by the make-up valve
in the swing motor itself.

3 - 20

SWING CIRCUIT OPERATION


PARKING BRAKE
BRAKE RELEASE VALVE
Sh

BRAKE OFF

Pg

BRAKE ON

dr

BYPASS VALVE

MAKE UP
PORT(Mu)

MOTOR BRAKE VALVE

MAKE UP VALVE

TO/FROM MAIN CONTROL VALVE

1) MOTOR BRAKE VALVE


Motor brake valve for the swing motor limits to cushion the starting and stopping pressure of swing
operation.
2) MAKE UP VALVE
The make up valves prevent cavitation by supplying return oil to the vacuum side of the motor.
3) PARKING BRAKE
In case that the parking of the machine at slope is required during operation, there is the danger of
involuntary swing caused by the self weight of the machine. The brake is connected to prevent this
involuntary swing.
PARKING BRAKE "OFF" OPERATION
The parking brake is released by the pilot pressure oil from the pilot pump.
When the left control lever is placed in the swing position, the pilot pressure at the shuttle valve is
transferred to the brake release valve and the brake release valve is changed over. Then the pilot
pressure lifts the brake piston and releases the parking brake.
PARKING BRAKE "ON" OPERATION
When the control lever is placed in the neutral position, the pressure of the pilot oil passage goes
down.
Then the brake release valve is returned to the neutral position and the oil is returned from the
brake piston to the tank. And the brake is set to "ON".
4) BYPASS VALVE
This bypass valve absorbs shocks produced as swing motion stops and reduced oscillation cause
by swing motion.

3 - 21

10. TRAVEL FORWARD AND REVERSE OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

TURNING
JOINT

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR
XAt
XBt

GEAR
PUMP

TRAVEL

P1

PEDAL RCV LEVER RCV LEVER(LH)


(DOZER)
ACCELERATOR

DOZER SWING

ARM

P2

RCV LEVER(RH)
BOOM

BUCKET

T1

SAFETY
SOLENOID
VALVE
TRAVEL FORWARD/REVERSE
SOLENOID VALVE XAt
XBt

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi
dr2

T2~T4

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

HYD TANK

When the LH multifunction switch is placed in forward or reverse position, the travel spool in the main
control valve is moved to the forward or reverse position by the pilot oil pressure from pilot pump
through the travel pilot solenoid of transmission control valve and travel Forward/Reverse solenoid
valve. The oil from the rear pump flows into the main control valve and then goes to the travel motor.
At the same time, the oil returned from the travel motor returns to the hydraulic oil tank through the
turning joint and travel spool in the main control valve.
When this happens, the machine moves forward or reverse.
The cavitation which will happen to the travel motor is prevented by the make-up valve in the main
control valve.
3 - 22

TRAVEL CIRCUIT OPERATION

TRAVEL MOTOR

OVERLOAD
RELIEF VALVE
TB

COUNTER BALANCE
VALVE

CHECK VALVE

TURNING JOINT
TO/FROM MAIN CONTROL VALVE

Valves are provided on travel motors to offer the following functions.


1) COUNTER BALANCE VALVE
When stopping the motor on a slope descending, this valve prevents the motor from over running.
2) OVERLOAD RELIEF VALVE
Relief valve limits the circuit pressure below 350kgf/cm2 to prevent high pressure from being
generated at the time of stopping the machine. When stopping the motor, this valve sucks the oil
from lower pressure passage for preventing the negative pressure and the cavitation of the motor.

3 - 23

11. FRONT AND REAR AXLE BRAKE SYSTEM(SERVICE BRAKE)


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

GEAR
PUMP

SWING MOTOR

TRAVEL

P1

P2

T1

T2~T4

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi
dr2

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

HYD TANK

When the brake pedal(Valve) is pushed, the discharged oil from the gear pump flows into the front
and rear axle brake disc through the solenoid valve of brake supply valve.
This pressure is applied to axle brake disc, thus the brake is applied.

3 - 24

12. STEERING CIRCUIT OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON
STEERING
CYLINDER

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR
TRAVEL
STEERING
VALVE
P1

P2

SPOOL
GEROTOR
P

T2

T1

GEAR
PUMP

T2~T4

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

dr2

HYD TANK

When the steering wheel is turned to the left or right, the spool within the steering valve turns left or
right hand direction : Because the spool is connected with steering column.
At this time, the oil discharged from the gear pump flows into steering cylinder through spool and
gerotor within the steering valve.
Then the steering direction is applied.

3 - 25

13. RAM LOCK CIRCUIT OPERATION


OSCILLATING CYL
FRONT AXLE

DOZER CYL

TRAVEL MOTOR

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE

LOCKING
VALVE

TRANSMISSON

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

P1 T3
RAM LOCK
SOLENOID

SWING MOTOR
TRAVEL

GEAR
PUMP
P1

P2

T1

T2~T4

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

dr1~dr14

Pg
Pi
dr2

SPIN FILTER

STRAINER
LINE FILTER

HYD TANK

When the ram lock switch is selected, the ram lock solenoid is changed over.
Thus, the oil discharged from the pilot pump flows into oscillating cylinder through ram lock solenoid
and locking valve.
This pressure is applied to check valve and oscillating cylinder, thus the oscillating function is
operated(Ram lock released).

3 - 26

GROUP 5 COMBINED OPERATION


1. OUTLINE
DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

ARM2

ARM1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

BOOM1
BOOM2

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR
TRAVEL

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

The oil from the front and rear pump flows through the neutral oil passage, bypass oil passage and
confluence oil passage in the main control valve. Then the oil goes to each actuator and operates
them. Check valves and orifices are located on these oil passage in the main control valve. These
control the oil from the main pumps so as to correspond to the operation of each actuator and
smooth the combined operation.

3 - 27

2. COMBINED SWING AND BOOM OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

XAb1
GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE
TRANSMISSON
VALVE

OP
XBb2
dr10

BOOM1

XBb1

BOOM2

XAs
XBs

SWING
BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the swing and boom functions are operated, simultaneously the swing spool and boom spools
in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the
remote control valve.
The oil from the rear pump flows into the boom cylinders through boom 1 spool in the right control
valve.
The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor through swing spool.
At the same time, the pressure in the boom circuits can be high while the swing pressure is low,
therefore the oil from the front pump flows into the boom cylinders through boom 2 spool via
confluence passage in case of boom raise operation. The superstructure swings and the boom is
operated.

3 - 28

3. COMBINED SWING AND ARM OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

XAah
XAa1

XAa2

XBa2
XBa1
XAas

ARM2

ARM1

XBa2

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

XAs
XBs

SWING
BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

ARM HALF SOLENOID VALVE

FROM SWING LEVER

P2

T1

XAa2

XBs
Sh

FRONT
PUMP

XAs
XAas

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

XAah

HYD TANK

When the swing and arm functions are operated, simultaneously the swing spool and arm spools in
the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote
control valve. The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor through swing spool and arm
cylinder through arm 1 spool.
At the same time, the pressure in the arm circuits can be high while the swing pressure is low,
therefore the oil from the rear pump flows into the arm cylinder through arm 2 spool via confluence
passage. The superstructure swings and the arm is operated.
Meanwhile the pilot oil pressure(XAas) of swing shuttle valve flows into the stroke limiter of arm
spool, then the swing priority is maintained.

3 - 29

4. COMBINED SWING AND BUCKET OPERATION

DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

XAk

XAs
XBs

BUCKET

SWING

XAks
XBk

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the swing and bucket functions are operated, simultaneously the swing spool and bucket
spool in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the
remote control valve.
The oil from the rear pump flows into the bucket cylinder through bucket spool in the right control
valve.
The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor through swing spool in the left control valve.
The superstructure swings and the bucket is operated.

3 - 30

5. COMBINED SWING, BOOM, ARM AND BUCKET OPERATION


DOZER CYL
FRONT AXLE

ARM CYL

BOOM CYL

BUCKET CYL

REAR AXLE TRAVEL MOTOR

TRANSMISSON

Pa1

XAah
XAa1
XBa2
XBa1
XAas

XAa2

ARM2

ARM1

XBa2
XAb1

GAUGE BLOCK BRAKE VALVE


TRANSMISSON
VALVE

OP
XBb2
dr10

BOOM1

XBb1

BOOM2
XAk

XAs
XBs

SWING

BUCKET

DOZER

OPTION

XAk2
XBk

BRAKE SUPPLY
VALVE

SWING MOTOR
TRAVEL

P1

P2

T1

FRONT
PUMP

REAR
PUMP PILOT PUMP

HYD TANK

When the swing, boom, arm and bucket functions are operated, simultaneously each spool in the
main control valve is moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control
valve. The oil from the rear pump flows into the boom cylinder, arm cylinder and bucket cylinder
through the boom 1 spool, arm 2 spool, bucket spool and the parallel and confluence oil passage in
the right control valve. The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor, boom cylinder and arm
cylinder through the swing spool, boom 2 spool, arm 1 spool, and the parallel and confluence oil
passage in the left control valve. The superstructure swings and the boom, arm and bucket are
operated.

3 - 31