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Works Cited

Primary Sources
Avanti. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2015.
<http://www.nuovogiangurgolo.it/uploads/image/avanti.gif>. This website provided the
Avanti newspaper copies which was the newspaper that Mussolini began writing for
before coming to power. This was a primary source and was used in the Early life of
Mussolini section.
Benito Mussolini Quotes. Goodreads Inc, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2015.
<http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/221166.Benito_Mussolini>. This website
contained quotes by Benito Mussolini from his books and other documents. The quotes
consisted of his opinions and facts like what his political party involved. These sources
were considered primary because they were Mussolini's own words.
FamousFix, ed. Benito Mussolini Pictures. N.p., 2006-2015. Web. 6 Jan. 2015.
<http://fanpix.famousfix.com/picture-gallery/benito-mussolini-picture-10165232.htm>.
This website contained primary pictures of Benito during different events throughout his
leadership. We used the pictures to make a collage of events on the home page.
"History of American Journalism." History of American Journalism. N.p., 2007. Web. 4 Feb.
2015. <http://history.journalism.ku.edu/1930/1930.shtml>. This website was helpful with
the primary picture of Mussolini greeting his people. The website also included a few
facts about Benito which were helpful.
THe march on rome in 1922. youtube.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2015.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E3n0jZK65l0>. This video was a short clip of the
March on Rome. It was a primary source because it was taken first hand.

Mussolini, Benito. "The Doctrine of Fascism Benito Mussolini (1932)." worldfuturefund.org.


N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. This source was considered primary because it's an exact
translated copy of the actual Doctrine of Fascism. It was written by Mussolini and gave
insight as to how he wanted government rule to be. This was helpful to our project
because this document gave exact ideas as to how fascism was supposed to be followed
and how Mussolini wrote the laws.
- - -. My Autobiography with "The Political and Social Doctrine of Fascism." N.p.: n.p., 1932.
Print. This book was written by Benito Mussolini himself so therefor is a primary source.
The book helped us see the idea of fascot from Mussolini's point of view and was helpful
to see how he used his ideas for Italy.
Mussolini, Benito, and Giovanni Gentile. "Benito Mussolini: What is Fascism." Benito
Mussolini: What is Fascism. N.p.: Paul Halsall, 1932. N. pag. Rpt. in Benito Mussolini:
What is Fascism. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Print. This is a primary source, because these are
excerpts from a book that Benito and Giovanni wrote. We used this source in our website,
because it gave a detailed description about the definition of fascism and what the Fascist
Part meant to Benito. We used this information in the section about Benito's Fascist Party.

Voices from the Second World War. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2015.
<http://sp.uconn.edu/~wwwcoh/GLOSSARY.HTM>. This website was mainly useful
because it had pictures that related to the certain tabs in our website. It was a primary
source because the picture was taken first hand.

World War II Database. N.p., 2004-2015. Web. 4 Feb. 2015. <http://ww2db.com/image.php?


image_id=18719>. This website contained a major picture of all the Fascists gathering
together in Italy. It was considered a primary source.

Secondary Sources
Armstrong, Martin. "Are we headed into global fascism?" armstrongeconomics.com. wordpress,
1 May 2014. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. <http://armstrongeconomics.com/2014/05/01/are-weheaded-into-global-fascism>. This website was a short online article about the definition
of fascism and how the term has been applied in society. A picture was included with
police raiding men along the street with the caption of the political system of fascism.
This was considered a secondary source.
"Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini; Il Duce." Benito Mussolini. N.p., 2014. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/399484/BenitoMussolini/5090/Dictatorship>. This website is a secondary source, because it is an article
about Benito. This helped us on our website, because it gave more background
knowledge about Benito Mussolini. We used this in our website in the section on
background knowledge about Benito.
Berlet. "What is fascism?" what is fascism? NLG Civil Libertiew Committee, 27 Sept. 1992.
Web. 15 Dec. 2014. <http:// remember.org/hist.root.what.html>. This website became
helpful for knowing the timeline of the information and events that took place throughout
Mussolini's life. It also showed how the Fascist Party began. It contained a few quotes
which could be counted as primary sources but overall the article is secondary.

Cowley, Robert, and Geoffrey Parker, eds. Benito Mussolini. A+E Networks, 2014. Web. 15 Dec.
2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/benito-mussolini>. This website is a
secondary source, because it was a biography of Benito Mussolini and his life. Benito
Mussolini did not write this source, so it is not considered primary. This website was
helpful to our group, because it provided background information which was used in the
the facts about Benito section on our website.
fascist economies 101. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2015.
<http://americanbuilt.us/economics/fascism.shtml>. This website gave us background
knowledge about Fascism. It was a secondary source.
Foot, John. "The Dead Duce." HistoryToday 2014: n. pag. Digital file. This source was
secondary since it was basically telling the life story of Benito Mussolini and how he led
the National Fascist Party.This source was helpful in finding more background
knowledge about Benito and his rise to power.
historyrocket.com. History Rocket, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.historyrocket.com/World-War/world-war-ii/mussolini/How-Did-MussoliniCome-To-Power.html>. This website was secondary and was helpful in finding out more
about Benito's before and after coming to power. We used this source as background
research about his accomplishments; both good and bad.
Italian Fascism. Stanley G. Payne, Sept. 1998. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
<http://specialcollections.library.wisc.edu/exhibits/Fascism/Intro.html>. This is an article
that is a secondary source. It was useful in our website, because it helps give background
information on what fascism is. It helped us with our website, because it helped us

understand the concept of fascism and helped give details for the paragraph about Benito
and the Fascist Party.
Keefe, Eugene K. "Area Handbook for Italy." Area Handbook for Italy. Washington D.C.:
Foregin Area Studies of the American University, 1977. N. pag. Rpt. in
http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/FasItaly.html. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Print. This is
considered a secondary source, because it a book about Benito Mussolini and he did not
write himself. This excerpt was helpful, because it gave a glimpse about somebody else's
opinion on Benito. We used this source in our website in the section about the debate
about Benito and how he impacted the world around him.
Layton, Julia. "How fascism works." Howstuffworks. InfoSpace LLC, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
<http://people.howstuffworks.com/fascism-movement.htm>. This website was a
secondary article on basically what fascism has done and how Benito Mussolini gained
controk of Italy. We used this site to find the true meaning of fascism and what it is
composed of.
Powell, Jim. "The Economic Leadership Secrets of Benito Mussolini." The Economic
Leadership Secrets of Benito Mussolini. N.p., 22 Feb. 2012. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/economic-leadership-secrets-benitomussolini>. This source is a secondary source that is an article. The article describes the
consequences and after affects of Benito Mussolini's reign. This article helped us on our
website, because it gave a description about the economic factors and this information
helped provide information in the legacy section, because some of the information was
after Benito died and how it affected the world.

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