Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

TENGIZCHEVROIL

SPECIFICATION

Doc X-ST-2002
. X-ST-2002
THIS IS A CONTROLLED DOCUMENT
NO UN-AUTHORISED MODIFICATIONS

.

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR PRESSURE


VESSELS IN H2S SERVICE

,


This document is dual language. Ensure
both versions are modified.

. ,
.

10-05-09

62

KR

VK

DLK

REV

DATE

PAGES

BY

CHK

MGR

REVISIONS

PRELIM APPROVALS

CONST

REL

MAINT

FINAL APPROVALS

OPS

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

REVISION DESCRIPTION SHEET


REV.

PARA.

ALL/

REVISION DESCRIPTION
ADOPTED CHEVRON SPECIFICATION COM-SU-5014-D DATED
SEPTEMBER 2008 PER REQUEST FROM TCO RELIABILITY
MECHANICAL INTEGRITY CONSULTANT"

COM-SU-5014-D
2008

Page 2 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.

SCOPE

2.

REFERENCES

3.

ACCEPTABLE COATING SYSTEMS AND BRANDS

4.

GENERAL

5.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

10

6.

AREAS TO BE COATED

11

7.

SURFACE PREPARATION

12

8.

ORGANIC COATING APPLICATION AND CURING

17

9.

THERMAL SPRAY COATING APPLICATION

22

10.

INSPECTION

24

Page 3 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

1.

SCOPE
1.1. This specification covers surface preparation, application, and inspection of thin
film organic, thick film, specialty (e.g. Belzona), and thermal spray coatings
intended for protection of new and existing vessels against wet H2S cracking.
1.2. The Company shall specify the specific coating systems to be used and the
specific areas to be coated.

Page 4 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

2.

REFERENCES
1) Protective coatings shall comply with all applicable RoK codes and regulations
on surface preparation, coating application, storage, handling, safety, and
environmental requirements, including the recommendations of SSPC-PA Guide
3.
2) The following documents are referenced herein and are considered part of this
specification.
3) Use the edition of each referenced document in effect on the date of the
publication of this specification.
4) Any discrepancies or conflicts among the documents above and with Technical
Requirements shall be called to the attention of the Company for resolution.
2.1. Company Documents
COM-EF-844

TCO Coating Inspection Report Form

2.2. Industry Codes and Standards


American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
E337

Standard Test Method for Measuring Humidity with a Psychrometer


(the Measurement of Wet- and Dry-Bulb Temperatures)

D4285

Standard Test Method for Indicating Oil or Water in Compressed Air

D4417

Standard Test Methods for Field Measurement of Surface Profile of


Blast Cleaned Steel

D4541

Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable


Adhesion Testers

Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC)


PA 1

Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting of Steel

PA 2

Measurement of Dry Coating Thickness with Magnetic Gages

PA Guide 3

A Guide to Safety In Paint Application

SP 1
SP 5 (NACE No 1)

Solvent Cleaning
White Metal Blast Cleaning

SP COM

Surface Preparation Commentary for Steel and Concrete


Substrates

VIS 1

Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces


Prepared by Dry Abrasive Blast Cleaning
Page 5 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

QP 1

Standard Procedure for Evaluating Painting Contractors (Field


Application to Complex Industrial Structures)

National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE)


SP0178

Design, Fabrication, and Surface Finish Practices for Tanks and


Vessels to Be Lined for Immersion Services

SP0188

Discontinuity (Holiday) Testing of New Protective Coatings on


Conductive Substrates.

Page 6 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

3.

ACCEPTABLE COATING SYSTEMS AND BRANDS


3.1.

Requirements
3.1.1. Only the specified coating systems and accepted brands shown in
Table 1 shall be used. Alternatives shall be reviewed by the Company
and accepted in writing.
3.1.2. On the bid, the Contractor shall clearly indicate the material (both
manufacturer and product name) to be used.
3.1.3. All coatings shall be provided to the jobsite in the original manufacturer
containers.
3.1.4. The Contractor shall only use coatings which complying with RoK air
pollution regulations.

3.2.

Thermal Spray Powder/Wire Certification


3.2.1. For thermal spray coatings, the coating applicator shall provide
certified analysis of the powder or wire material to be applied.
3.2.2. The certification shall include the nominal alloy type, a detailed
analysis of the actual chemistry (along with the required limits for each
element), and the particle size distribution.
3.2.3. Powder/wire samples shall be obtained at random by a Company
representative any time during the job and may be subjected to
positive materials identification (PMI) testing.
3.2.4. Contractor shall be required to qualify their procedure.
a)
Qualification testing shall be performed prior to contract
settlement.
b)
Procedure will need to be re-qualified if the operator, spray
process, or spray materials is changed.

Page 7 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

4.

GENERAL
4.1.

All contractors and sub-contractors that perform surface preparation or


coating application shall be certified by the Society for Protective Coatings
(SSPC) to the requirements of SSPC QP 1 prior to contract award, and shall
remain certified while accomplishing any surface preparation or coating
application.

4.2.

The Contractor shall follow all directions on the coating manufacturer's data
sheets and shall have the current version of these data sheets available at the
job site.

4.3.

If there is a conflict between the requirements of this specification and the


data sheets it shall be brought to the attention of the Company coating
representative/inspector and resolved to his/her satisfaction.

4.4.

The Contractor shall furnish all materials, labor, equipment, and incidentals
required to meet this specification.

4.5.

Sufficient floodlight or spotlights shall used to provide good visibility during


abrasive blasting, coating application, and inspection.

4.6.

The Company may, at its option, require the Contractor to have a technical
representative from the coatings manufacturer present to assist and witness
the initial application of each coating system. The Contractor shall obtain
further technical assistance from the coatings manufacturer when problems
arise or when the Company requests such assistance.

4.7.

The Contractor and the Company representatives shall hold a pre-job


conference to discuss all aspects of the specification.
a) Particular emphasis shall be placed on job safety, environmental
regulations, plant rules, surface preparation, coating application, and
inspection.
b) Company representatives shall include TCO Coatings Inspector and
Reliability Engineering representative.

4.8. There must be a NACE certified coating inspector present during the entire job
process who will:
a) Ensure that proper procedures are followed.
b) Will document all aspects of the job including, but not limited to the
following:
1.

Temperature

2.

Humidity

3.

Surface preparation

4.

Condition of coating, dehumidifying, and curing equipment

5.

Cure time

6.

Film thickness

Page 8 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

4.9. Inform Company plant support and inspection personnel of any performance
issues that affect coating quality.

Page 9 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

5.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
5.1.

Contractor shall comply with all RoK safety regulations.

5.2.

Contractor shall comply with all TCO safety procedures and instructions.

5.3.

Contractor shall review the information on hazards and safety procedures in


SSPC-PA Guide 3 prior to beginning work.

5.4.

Deleted.

5.5.

The coatings used shall be within the local maximum limit for volatile organic
compounds (VOC).

5.6.

The coating manufacturer's recommended precautions regarding toxicity and


safe handling of all coating materials shall be followed.

5.7.

Adequate ventilation shall be provided during all work and for at least four
hours after coating application, to keep solvent concentrations within safe,
non-explosive limits. Vapors shall be removed by use of an air eductor, rather
than by air blown into the tank.

5.8.

All blast pots must be equipped with properly installed pressure relief devices.
Both the blast pot and the pressure relief device must have proof of inspection
and certification.

Page 10 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

6.

AREAS TO BE COATED
6.1. The Company shall specify the areas to be coated and the coating systems to be
used for each area.
6.2. The temperature and other limitations of the Company-acceptable coatings are
provided in Appendix A.
6.3. For new vessels, all nozzle and seam welds shall be coated at minimum.
6.4. For existing vessels, as many of the following areas as possible shall be coated
within the allowed time frame for the shutdown (in descending priority):
a) Weld repaired areas, regardless of location
b) Nozzle welds
c) Seam welds
d) Visibly blistered base plate (blisters shall first be assessed by a Company
Reliability Engineer)
e) Any areas not listed above that were grit blasted for whatever reason
6.5. Coating shall take place only after all required repairs, welding, heat treatments
and inspections have been completed.
6.6. In no case shall visible cracking or blisters be coated without the written review
and acceptance of a Company Reliability Engineer.
6.7. Extent of coating coverage for nozzle and seam welds shall be:
a)

For vessels up to 1" thick: Stripe coat the welds so that the coating
extends at least 3" either side of the weld centerline.

b)

For vessels greater than 1" thick: Stripe coat the welds so that the
coating extends at least three times the vessel thickness, either side of
the weld centerline. Example: if a vessel is 1.5" thick, the coating shall
extend 4.5" either side of the weld centerline.

c)

For the ID nozzles and seamless piping: Coat up to 1" or whatever is


practical.

d)

For all cases: The coating does not need to more than 6" either side of
the weld centerline. Example: for a three inch vessel, the 3X rule would
say that we need to extend the coating 9" either side of the centerline, but
the overriding rules says we need to coat this vessel only 6" either side of
the weld centerline.

Page 11 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

7.

SURFACE PREPARATION
7.1.

Responsibility
7.1.1. The Coating Applicator is responsible for assuring that the surface is in
the proper condition for coating.
7.1.2. This includes light grinding, abrasive blasting, and other mechanical
means.
a) Feather grinding to remove weld splatter and burrs, and to round
off sharp edges may be required to ensure proper coating
thickness.
b) The coating contractor shall employ persons who are skilled in
grinding.
c) Any grinding on a coded vessel shall be performed by a contractor
who is certified to build/repair coded vessels. All grinding at
pressure boundaries shall be inspected by an API 653 or 510
inspector.
7.1.3. At no time may the Coating Applicator perform arc gouging or other
forms of hot cutting on the vessel.
7.1.4. Surface preparation performed by the Coating Applicator shall not
increase the depth of gouges, grooves, pits, or other local thin areas.

7.2.

Preparation for Abrasive Blasting


7.2.1. Sharp edges, such as those occurring in rolled structural members
Sharp edges, such as those occurring in rolled structural members as
well as those resulting from flame cutting, welding, etc., shall be
removed by any suitable method such as a soft grinding wheel before
abrasive blasting and application of any coat of paint (refer to SSPCSP COM or NACE SP0178).
7.2.2. Neither welding, nor grinding, including cosmetic grinding, is permitted
on the pressure resisting components and welds of pressure vessels
and piping after hydrostatic testing, unless reviewed and accepted in
writing by the Company.
7.2.3. All surfaces to be coated shall be clean of all contaminants that would
affect the integrity of the coating system.
a) Prior to surface preparation, the surfaces shall be cleaned, as
necessary, to remove all oil, grease, dirt, salts or other foreign
material.
b) This cleaning shall be by appropriate detergent and/or solvent
cleaning.
c) Detergent or solvent cleaning shall be performed as outlined in
SSPC-SP 1.
d) Solvents used to clean stainless steel shall be free of substances
such as chlorides, sulfur, halogens, or metallic pigments.
Page 12 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

7.2.4. The presence of oil shall be checked by shining a black light on the
steel surface.
7.2.5. Test surfaces to be coated prior to abrasive blasting or surface
preparation for chloride, sulfate, and nitrate salt contamination using
the CHLOR*TEST test kit or equivalent.
a) Test sites shall be selected to be representative of the surface as
a whole.
b) Test at the rate of three tests for the first 90 m2 or part thereof,
and one test for each additional 280 m2 or part thereof.
(1) For immersion service, the following are the maximum acceptable
levels:
a. Chloride - 3 g/cm2
b. Nitrate - 5 g/cm2
c. Sulfate - 10 g/cm2
(2) For non-immersion service, the following are the maximum
acceptable levels:

7.3.

a.

Chloride - 5 g/cm2

b.

Nitrate - 10 g/cm2

c.

Sulfate - 15 g/cm2

d.

Salt contaminated surfaces will require high-pressure water


washing (minimum 21 MPa) using a solution of water and
CHLOR*RID soluble salt remover or Company approved
equivalent.

e.

Test and treat surface as required until test results are less
than or equal to the limits listed in Section 7.2 item 5b.

Abrasive Blasting
7.3.1. To the best extent possible, blasting shall be confined to only those
zones specifically requiring wet fluorescent magnetic particle (WFMT)
inspection and subsequent coating application.
7.3.2. All abrasive blasted surfaces shall be blasted in accordance with the
SSPC or NACE blast specified on the manufacturer's data sheet.
7.3.3. The anchor pattern shall be as specified on the manufacturer's data
sheet.
7.3.4. Abrasive blast cleaning shall be performed with a clean, sharp grade
of abrasive.
a) Only dry, grit-type abrasives shall be used.
b) Grain size shall be suitable for producing the specified anchor
profile.
c) All abrasives shall be free of dust, dirt, and other foreign matter
and shall be kept dry at all times.
Page 13 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

7.3.5. Silica or other abrasive substancesontaining more than 1% crystalline


silica shall not be used as an abrasive blasting material.
7.3.6. If automatic blasting equipment is used, the abrasive mix of 75% grit
and 25% shot shall be maintained so that a consistently sharp profile
is produced.
7.3.7. The compressed air used in any cleaning method shall be free of
water and oil.
a) Adequate separators or traps and dryers shall be provided and
properly maintained and shall be emptied regularly of water and
oil.
b) The air supply shall be tested daily for cleanliness using ASTM
D4285.
c) Prior to the start of blasting, the Contractor shall select an
appropriate blast air pressure with abrasive and mesh size to
attain the specified anchor pattern.
d) The Contractor shall demonstrate to the Company that the
selected nozzle pressures and abrasive shall provide the specified
anchor pattern by blasting a representative piece of steel and
measuring the anchor pattern using Press-O-Film tape or
Company-reviewed and accepted equal as described in ASTM D4417 Method C.
e) Any change in nozzle pressure, abrasive or mesh size shall be
qualified in the same way prior to the change.
f)

Blast air pressure shall be a minimum of 95 psig unless the


demonstration test proves acceptable otherwise.

7.3.8. Weld areas shall be feather ground, chipped or wire brushed as


necessary prior to blasting to remove rust, residual flux and weld
spatter.
a) Feather grinding at weld toes may be required to avoid excessive
coating build-up.
b) The coating contractor shall employ persons who are skilled in
surface preparation.
c) Any grinding on a coded vessel shall be performed by a contractor
who is certified to build/repair coded vessels. All grinding at
pressure boundaries shall be inspected by an API 653 or 510
inspector.
7.3.9. Steel surface slivers, laminations, laps, scabs or seams exposed by
blasting shall be reported to the Company, investigated, and repaired
on any portion of the steel to be painted by the Contractor using rules
from the applicable code for repairs prior to coating. All such areas
shall be re-blasted prior to coating.
7.3.10. Blasting shall be performed in dry weather. Dry blast cleaning
operations shall not be conducted on surfaces exposed to rain, water
spray, or any other moisture.
Page 14 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

7.3.11. Abrasive blast cleaning shall not be performed when the ambient or
substrate temperature is less than 5F (3C) above the dew point
temperature.
a) Dew point temperature shall be determined by sling psychrometer
in accordance with ASTM E337 or equivalent electronic device, at
the location where the work is being performed.
b) Substrate temperature shall be determined with a surface
thermometer.
7.3.12. Blast cleaned surfaces that show evidence of rust bloom or that have
been left uncoated overnight shall be re-cleaned to the specified
degree of cleanliness prior to coating.
7.3.13. After blasting and immediately before spraying, dust, and loose
residues shall be removed by brushing, blowing off with clean dry air,
or vacuum cleaning.
7.3.14. Blasting shall be accomplished so that previously painted surfaces are
not contaminated by abrasive or blast wastes.
7.3.15. No inhibitive washes intended to prevent rusting shall be used after
blasting.
7.3.16. A minimum of four inches around the edge of blasted areas shall be
left unprimed unless adjoining a coated surface.
a) Subsequent blasting shall continue a minimum of one inch into the
primed surfaces.
b) These requirements are to ensure that no coating is applied over
unblasted steel.
c) All loose, cracked, or damaged coating shall be removed and the
adjacent sound coating feathered back approximately 2 inches
(50 mm) to form a uniform and smooth surface.
d) Feathering shall be done by hand or power sanding with a grit
wheel or sandpaper.
7.3.17. When the coating is damaged down to the steel, spot cleaning is
necessary.
a) These damaged areas shall be cleaned by abrasive blasting.
b) After the metal surface has been cleaned, the edge of the
surrounding coating shall be feather-edged to remove all cracked,
loose or damaged coating.
c) Feather-edging shall be accomplished by power or hand sanding
with a grit wheel or sandpaper.
d) The prepared surface shall be free of loose, burnt, or blistered
coating.
e) Repaired areas require re-profiling of the steel.
7.3.18. Welding undercut and porosity shall be repaired prior to application of
intermediate coat.

Page 15 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

7.3.19. All blast cleaned surfaces shall be inspected for proper cleaning prior
to painting. SSPC-VIS 1 shall be used as a visual standard for
confirming the degree of surface cleanliness.
7.3.20. The anchor profile shall be verified in accordance with ASTM D4417
Method C using either course or extra-course replica tape and a
spring loaded micrometer.

Page 16 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.

ORGANIC COATING APPLICATION AND CURING


8.1.1. Abrasive Blasting
8.1.2. Application shall be in accordance with SSPC-PA 1, the coating
manufacturer's published application instructions, MSDS's, and the
requirements specified herein.
8.1.3. All application equipment shall be as recommended by the coating
manufacturer, shall be clean and in good condition, and shall be
suitable for applying the coating as specified.
8.1.4. The number of coats to be applied shall never be fewer than the
number of coats required by this specification and the technical
requirements and shall have individual coat dry film thicknesses not
less than the minimum thickness specified.
a) Wet film thicknesses are to be verified at the start of work (until the
painter is familiar with the paint and work) with a wet film thickness
gauge.
b) Thickness requirements shall be met with each coat and total
thickness shall not be "madeup" in any one coat.
8.1.5. Coatings shall be applied within the environmental conditions shown in
the coating manufacturer's data sheets.
8.1.6. No coating shall be applied when any of the following conditions are
present:
a)

When the ambient or surface temperatures are above or below


the manufacturer's recommended temperature limits.

b)

If the ambient or substrate temperature is less than 5F (3C)


above the dew point temperature.

1) Dew point temperature shall be determined by sling psychrometer


in accordance with ASTM E337 or equivalent electronic device, at
the location where the work is being performed.
2) Substrate temperature shall be determined with a surface
thermometer.
8.2.

Materials
8.2.1. Coating materials shall be furnished in the manufacturer's unopened
containers, clearly identifiable, and shall be kept covered, clean and
protected.
8.2.2. Materials older than manufacturer's recommended shelf life shall not
be used.
8.2.3. All solvents used for thinning shall be as recommended by the coating
manufacturer.
Page 17 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.2.4. All materials shall be handled and stored in accordance with the
manufacturer's latest published instructions and SSPC- PA 1 Article
5.1.
8.3.

Mixing and Thinning


8.3.1. All components shall be thoroughly mixed as per recommendations
noted in the manufacturer's data sheets.
a) All mixing shall be done in clean containers, free from traces of
grease, other paints or contaminants.
b) Containers shall be kept covered to prevent contamination by dust,
dirt or stain.
c) Paint shall be mechanically mixed in full batches.
8.3.2. Multi-component coatings, shall have the components accurately
measured according to the manufacturer's directions.
8.3.3. Mixing of partial kits is not acceptable.
8.3.4. Thinning shall not exceed the allowable volatile organic compound
(VOC) level for the coating used.

8.4.

Shelf and Pot Life


8.4.1. Materials that have exceeded the
recommended shelf life shall not be used.

coating

manufacturer's

8.4.2. The coating manufacturer's recommended pot life shall not be


exceeded. When this limit is reached, the spray pot shall be emptied,
cleaned, and new material mixed.
8.5. Spray Application
8.5.1. Contractors applicators shall be skilled in the proper application
technique for each coating.
a)

Proper equipment, per the coating manufacturer's data sheets,


shall be used.

b)

Applicators or equipment failing to meet this requirement, to the


Companys or the coating manufacturer's satisfaction, shall be
removed from coating application.

8.5.2. Contractors Spray guns, lines, and pressure pots shall be cleaned
prior to adding new material.
8.5.3. The air caps, nozzles and needles shall be those recommended by
the coating manufacturer for the material being sprayed.
8.5.4. Moisture traps or separators shall be installed between the air supply
and the pressure pot.
Page 18 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.5.5. The drain valve shall be kept open slightly to permit continuous
draining of any condensate during operations.
8.5.6. Operating pressures shall comply with the recommendation of the
coating manufacturer.
8.5.7. All pressure pots shall be equipped with pressure regulators and
gauges.
8.5.8. Paint shall be applied in a uniform layer, with 50% overlapping of the
previous pass.
8.5.9. During application, the spray gun shall be held perpendicular to the
surface being painted.
8.6.

First Coat Application


8.6.1. The specified coating system shall be applied within 4 hours from the
time that surfaces are cleaned and before rusting, discoloration, or
surface contamination occurs.
8.6.2. All coatings shall be applied 6 hours prior to the vessel reaching dew
point.
8.6.3. Surfaces to be coated shall be clean, dust-free, and dry before
application of any coating and shall meet applicable hand, power tool
or abrasive blasting surface preparation requirements before
application.
8.6.4. Care shall be exercised to prevent overspray, spillage or application of
coatings to surfaces for which they are not intended.
8.6.5. Skips, sags, and drips are to be repaired.

8.7.

Top-Coating
8.7.1. Each coat of paint shall be of contrasting color to indicate extent of
coverage.
8.7.2. All coatings shall be allowed to dry for at least the minimum time
recommended by the paint manufacturer, considering temperature
and humidity, before applying succeeding coats.
8.7.3. Maximum overcoat time shall be limited to the manufacturer's
recommendation.
a) When the maximum overcoat time has been exceeded, Contractor
shall perform additional surface preparation as agreed to by
Companys representative.
b) Additional surface preparation shall include, but not limited to,
hand sanding, pressure washing, mist coat application, degreasing
or re-blasting.

8.8. Film Thickness

Page 19 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.8.1. Wet film thickness shall be checked during the application of each
coat to assure the specified dry film thickness (DFT) will be met.
8.8.2. The DFT of each coat shall be checked in accordance with the
procedures defined by SSPC-PA 2 using a magnetic gage that has
been properly calibrated.
8.8.3. All gages shall be adjusted to compensate for the substrate effect prior
to application of any coating.
8.9.

Defects
8.9.1. All coatings shall be free of defects such as runs, sags, pin holes,
voids, blisters, wrinkles, mud cracking and bubbles.
8.9.2. Where film thickness does not meet specifications and/or defects
(holidays) are found, the Contractor shall take corrective action at no
additional cost to the Company. These corrections shall be to the
satisfaction of the Company.
8.9.3. Dry spray and overspray shall be removed.
8.9.4. The DFT of each coat shall not be outside the specified range.
8.9.5. All coatings shall be checked for amine blush prior to application of the
second coat or to making any repairs.
8.9.6. Blush shall be removed prior to top coating.

8.10.

Touch-Up
8.10.1. Prior to application of any coat, all defects and damage to the previous
coat(s) shall be repaired. Damage to finished work shall be thoroughly
cleaned and recoated.
8.10.2. Damaged areas shall be spot blast cleaned or power tool cleaned as
necessary to restore any exposed steel to its original degree of
cleanliness.
a) All loose, cracked, and damaged coating shall be removed and the
adjacent sound coating feathered back approximately 2 inches (50
mm) to form a uniform and smooth surface.
b) Feathering shall be done by hand or power sanding with a grit
wheel or sandpaper.
c) The prepared surface shall be free of loose, burnt, or blistered
coating.
8.10.3. Unless specified otherwise, the coating used for repair shall be the
same as the original and shall have the same DFT.

8.11.

Brush or Roller Application


8.11.1. Company review and written acceptance is required before brush or
roller application can be substituted for spray application.
Page 20 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.11.2. Belzona 1391 and 1591 can only be applied by trowel.


8.11.3. Inaccessible and restricted areas which prevent spray application of
paint at the proper inclination angles shall be boxed in and seal
welded prior to paint application. This requires engineering review and
acceptance so as to avoid welding on a pressure boundary.
8.11.4. All welds which cannot be properly spray coated shall be brush or
stripe coated with an accepted coating before applying successive
spray coats over the primer coating.
8.11.5. Brushes shall be of a style and quality that will enable proper
application of the coating.
8.11.6. Brushing shall be done so that a smooth coat with uniform thickness is
obtained. When applying coatings with a brush, multiple coats may be
required to achieve the specified millage.

Page 21 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

9.

THERMAL SPRAY COATING APPLICATION


9.1.

Thermal Spray Coating Requirements


9.1.1. Do not preheat carbon steel above 300 F (150C) or stainless steel
above 212F (100C) for longer than a minute.
9.1.2. If masking is to be done, a shadow mask shall be used to avoid
creating a square edge. All coating edges shall be tapered. An
example of a shadow mask is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Example of a shadow mask and a square edge.

9.1.3. In difficult to access areas (i.e. areas where the correct angle of attack
cannot be obtained by the spray gun operator), at least three ASTM
D4541 adhesion tests with a Type IV fixed alignment tester shall be
used.
a) Tests shall be conducted up to 3000 psi (20.7 MPa) maximum.
b) If any of the three measurements are below 3000 psi (20.7 MPa),
the coating in this limited access area shall be removed and reapplied.
c) The Company reserves the right to adhesion test any area during
the project.
9.1.4. Electric Arc and High Velocity Continuous Combustion (HVCC)
processes.
a) The wire feeder potential shall be calibrated at the beginning of
each shift.
b) Wire diameters shall not exceed 2 mm.
c) Wire sizes larger than this can lead to inconsistent wire feeding.
d) Rotometers shall be calibrated at the start of each shift to the
specific gas being used.
9.2.

High Velocity Ox Fuel (HVOF) Processes Only


9.2.1. Rotometers shall be calibrated by either a mass flow meter or a critical
flow meter.
9.2.2. Powder feedstock shall be used immediately after opening the
container, or else it shall be heated at 100C (212F) for at least 5
Page 22 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

hours prior to used. Powder from containers opened for more than two
days shall not be used.
9.2.3. Particle size of powders shall be greater than 10 microns.
9.2.4. Any sooting shall be documented.
a) The spray applicator shall specify what measures they have for
preventing sooting and controlling the fuel-oxygen ratio.
b) When sooting does occur, the spray applicator shall apply these
measures until sooting ceases.

Page 23 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

10.

INSPECTION
10.1.

General
10.1.1. The Contractor shall perform all inspection necessary to ensure that
surface preparation and coating application complies with the
requirements of this specification.
a)

The indicated records shall be kept daily and shall be submitted to


the Company at least weekly.

b)

TCO Coating Inspection Form (xx-xx-xxxx), shall be used to


record this information.

c)

All records shall be kept current and shall be submitted to the


Company upon demand, or at least weekly, and at the completion
of the job for verification to the Companys satisfaction.

10.1.2. Companys authorized inspector(s) shall be given adequate notice


prior to the start of surface preparation and coating application so that
they can witness the work.
10.1.3. The Companys authorized inspector shall have the option to witness
or repeat any of these functions as necessary.
10.1.4. All materials, equipment, and work shall be available to Companys
authorized inspector(s) at all times. Companys authorized inspector(s)
shall have access to the work site during the progress of the work and
the right to conduct any inspection or testing deemed necessary to
ensure that the coatings are properly applied.
10.1.5. All instruments used in inspection activities (e.g., thermometer,
pyrometers, hygrometers, thickness gauges, profile gauges, and
holiday detectors) shall be supplied by the Contractor in proper
working order and calibrated prior to use.
10.2.

Compressed Air and Abrasive


10.2.1. The cleanliness of compressed air supply used for blast cleaning,
pneumatic tools, and spray equipment shall be checked for oil and
water contamination in accordance with ASTM D4285.
a) All lines shall be tested separately.
b) Testing shall be performed at the beginning and end of each work
shift and at not less than four-hour intervals.
c) In the event that contamination is discovered, all necessary
corrective actions shall be made and the air supply re-tested.
d) Surfaces that are determined to have been blasted with
contaminated air shall be cleaned with solvent and re-blasted with
clean air and abrasive.
e) Coatings that are determined to have been applied using
contaminated air shall be removed and reapplied using clean air.
Page 24 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

10.2.2. Re-circulated shot and grit used for abrasive cleaning shall be tested
for the presence of oil by immersing in water and checking for oil
flotation.

10.3.

a)

Tests shall be made at the start of blasting, at four-hour intervals


thereafter, and at the end of blasting.

b)

If oil is evident, contaminated abrasive shall be replaced with


clean abrasive and re-tested before proceeding.

c)

All steel blasted since the last satisfactory test shall be re-blasted.

Environmental Conditions
10.3.1. The following shall be checked and recorded at the beginning of each
day's operation and several times during the application process:
a) Ambient temperature
b) Relative humidity
c) Dew point
d) Moisture-free surface
e) Temperature of the surface to be coated
10.3.2. These recordings shall be compared with criteria stated in Section 8.1
item 5 of this specification and the manufacturer's data sheets. If any
criterion is exceeded, coating shall not be applied.

10.4.

Surface Preparation Inspection


10.4.1. Immediately prior to priming, blasted surfaces shall be inspected by
the following methods to verify that the specified surface preparation
has been achieved:
10.4.2. The anchor pattern shall be verified using Testex Inc. "Press-O-Film"
tape as described in ASTM D4417 Method C. The measurements
shall be recorded on the Coating Inspection Record.
10.4.3. The degree of cleanliness shall be verified by comparison to SSPCVIS 1. The cleanliness shall be recorded on the Coating Inspection
Record.

10.5.

Surface Preparation Inspection


10.5.1. Dry film thicknesses shall be measured using a Microtest magnetic
film thickness gauge or Company-reviewed and accepted equal in
accordance with SSPC-PA 2.
a) The dry film thickness gauge shall be calibrated to the Companys
satisfaction at the beginning of coating work and thereafter,
regularly and whenever the Company requests recalibration.
b) Calibration shall be made by comparison with the dry film
thickness measured on known standards such as a micrometermeasured paint film or National Bureau of Standards Calibration
Coating Inspection Record for each coat as work proceeds as well
as for the total thickness of each finished coating system.
Page 25 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

c) The film thickness for each coat shall be within the manufacturer's
specified range.
10.5.2. The entire surface of internal linings shall be inspected for holidays per
NACE SP0188. When testing hard-to-get-at locations around
appurtenances and nozzles, a small sponge attachment shall be used.
10.5.3. Areas containing holidays shall be locally abrasive blasted to bare
metal, recoated with the same system and retested for holidays.
10.5.4. Areas containing holidays shall be locally abrasive blasted to bare
metal, recoated and re-inspected.
10.5.5. All areas found to contain runs, overspray, pinholes, sags and/or other
signs of improper application shall be repaired in accordance with the
manufacturer's recommendations at the Contractors expense.
10.6.

Inspection by Company
10.6.1. All work shall be subject to Company inspection.
10.6.2. The Companys inspectors shall be given at least two days' notice
prior to the start of surface preparation or coating application so that
they can witness the work.
10.6.3. Work shall not proceed past each of the inspection hold points defined
below without the review and acceptance of the Companys
inspectors.
a)

The Companys inspectors shall ensure that all necessary


inspections are carried out at each hold point.

b)

The inspection hold points shall be:

1. Completion of surface preparation, prior to primer application.


2. Completion of application of each coat (primer, intermediate and
Top-Coat).
3. Holiday detection and repair (internal linings and splash zone
coatings only).
4. Final acceptance of completed coating work.
10.6.4. Companys inspectors shall have the right to condemn any materials,
equipment or work not in compliance with this specification.
10.6.5. All necessary corrective actions shall be performed by the Contractor
at Contractors expense.
10.6.6. Scaffolding, beam clamps, or any other equipment which will interfere
with or damage coating shall not be used.
10.6.7. Contractor shall provide safe access to all areas for inspection by
Company.
10.6.8. Contractor shall maintain the area to prevent contamination of
coatings. Contractor shall, for example, wet down dusty fabrication
Page 26 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

and painting areas including the surrounding grounds when dry


conditions are experienced.
10.6.9. Prior to final coating acceptance, Contractor shall wash the entire
platform with fresh water and apply a finish coat to areas stained and
contaminated by grinding, weld spatter, general traffic, etc.
10.7.

Coating Manufacturer's Representatives


The coating manufacturer's representatives shall have access to the work
site during the progress of the work to perform any inspection and testing
deemed necessary to ensure that the coatings are properly applied.

Page 27 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

APPENDIX A- RECOMMENDED COATINGS FOR WET H2S SERVICE VESSELS


Thin Film Epoxy Coatings:
These coatings are acceptable for continuous service temperatures up to 82C (180F) and
are resistant to steam outs up to the temperatures listed in Table 1 below. Check with each
coatings manufacturer for specific chemical resistance.
All these coatings require a SSPC-SP 5 white metal blast with an anchor profile of 2-3 mils.
Cure time is required prior to placing these coatings into service (consult manufacturer's
data sheets).
Thick Film Coatings:
These coatings are acceptable for continuous service temperatures up to 82C (180F) and
are resistant to seam outs up to the temperatures listed in Table 1 below. Thick film coatings
are easier to apply on substrates in existing service that have excessive surface profile due
to past corrosion.
All these coatings require a SSPC-SP 5 white metal blast with an anchor profile of 3-5 mils.
Cure times very prior to placing these coatings into service (consult manufacturer's data
sheets).
Specialty Coatings:
These coatings are typically used for smaller coating jobs or touch-up coating of existing
vessels and have the highest temperature resistance. These coatings shall be applied
strictly according to manufacturers specifications.
These coatings require a SSPC-SP 5 white metal blast with an anchor profile of 3-4 mils.
Cure time is required prior to placing these coatings into service (consult manufacturer's
data sheets).

Page 28 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

Table 1: Acceptable Coating Brands for Wet H2S Service (Sheet 1 of 2)


Total
DFT

Single
or MultiLayer

Manufacturer
/ Coating

Coating
Type

AmeronAmercoat 91

Epoxy
Novolac
(Thin
Film)

12 mils

365F

410 g/L

7 Days

2 Coats

Belzona 1391

Specialty
Coating

24-30
mils

410F

0 g/L

2-14
Days

1 Coat

Belzona 1521

Specialty
Coating

25-40
mils

365F

0 g/L

1-5 Days

2 Coat

Belzona 1591

Specialty
Coating

32-40
mils

410F

0 g/L

1 Day

1 Coat

Trowel applied. Resistant


to Amines and sour
gases.

Belzona 5891

Specialty
Coating

20 mils

365F

0 g/L

2 Coat

Resistant to Amines
and sour gases.

Carboline
Phenoline
1205

Epoxy
Novolac
(Thin
Film)

15 mils

300F

259 g/L

4-21
Days

2 Coats

Use for new construction.

Carboline
Phenoline 368
WG

Modified
Phenolic
(Thin
Film)

14 mils

NR

288 g/L

1-14
Days

2-3
Coats

Use for new construction.

Sigma
Phenguard
930a
Sigma
Phenguard
940a

Epoxy
Phenolic
(Thin
Film)

4 mils

420F

315 g/L

5-14
Days

2-3
Coats

Good experiences with


the Sigma series coatings
in Pascagoula wet
H2S service vessels.

Steam
Out

VOC

Cure to
Immersi
on

Comments

Also a good performer in


high pressure testing.
Formerly called Valspar
V9. Best used for new
construction.
Trowel applied. Effective
in amine environments.
Requires post
curing for maximum
properties.
Resistant to amines
and sour gases.

4 mils

a. Formerly Phencoat 7409 primer and Phenguard 7436 topcoat.

Page 29 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

Thermal Spray Coatings:


These coatings are acceptable for continuous service temperatures in excess of 260C
(500F) and are fully resistant to steam outs. The coating shall be applied in multiple coats
within the coating material manufacturer's limits. Consult Company if the manufacturer
recommends less than 15 mils (0.38 mm) or more than 40 mils (1.02 mm) thickness.
Manufacturers of the thermal spray systems have published thickness limits for their
coatings. These coatings require a SSPC-SP 5 white metal blast with an anchor profile of
2.5-5.0 mils. Cure time is generally not required prior to service but may be needed when
sealer coats are applied. A sealer shall be applied over the electric arc thermal spray
coating, but is not required for HVOF coatings. Application of the sealer shall be per
manufacturer's guidelines. Conventional coatings or paints shall not be substituted for
sealers. Sealers are made of very solvent-thinned organic coatings and have much lower
viscosity than conventional organic coatings.
This enables them to permeate through the coating pores more effectively. The purpose of
the epoxy sealer is to seal surface porosity that might allow corrosive fluids to penetrate the
coating and attack the substrate. When penetration occurs, the build-up of corrosion product
at the substrate can cause the coating to spall.
Thermal Spray Brands
Hastelloy C family or Inconel 625 material applied by twin wire arc or Com-Arc Excallibur
Process (system used by Metalspray United) or Jetstar (used by Amstar Surface
Engineering) is required.

Page 30 of 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

1.

32

2.

33

3.

35

4.

36

5.

38

6.

39

7.

41

8.

47

9.
()
10.

53

55

31 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

1.


1.1
, ,
, (: Belzona)
,

.
1.2 ,
, .

32 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

2.


1.


, ,
,
, 3
SSPC-PA.

2.

,
.

3.

,
.

4.

,
,
.

2.1
COM-EF-844

2.2
(ASTM)
E337


(
)

D4285

D4417

D4541

(SSPC)
1

SP 1

SP 5 (NACE No 1)


33 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

SP COM

VIS 1

QP 1

,

(

(NACE)
SP0178

SP0188

( )

34 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

3.


3.1

3.1.1
, 1.


.
3.1.2
( , ),
.
3.1.3
.
3.1.4 ,

3.2

/
3.2.1

, ,

, .

3.2.2


,
(
)
.

3.2.3


/
.
(PMI).

3.2.4

a)
.

b) ,
,
.

35 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

4.


4.1

,

,
(SSPC), SSPC QP
1,
.

4.2

4.3

/ .

4.4

, ,
,
.

4.5

,

.

4.6




.

.

4.7

4.8

a.

, ,
.

b.


, NACE,
:
a.

b.

,
, , :
1.

36 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

2.

3.

4.

4.9

5.

6.


,
.

37 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

5.


5.1

5.2

5.3


,
3 SSPC-PA.

5.4

5.5



().

5.6

5.7

.
, .

5.8


,
. ,
.

38 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

6.


6.1 ,
, .
6.2 ,
, .
6.3
.
6.4 ,
,
( )
a.

b.

c.

d.

(

)

e.

, , -

6.5


, ,
.

6.6

6.7


:
a.

1 :
,
3
.

b.

1 :
,
, 3 ,
. :
1,5 , 4,5
.

c.


: 1
.

d.

6-
39 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

. :
, 3-
, 9
, ,

6
.

40 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

7.


7.1

7.1.1

,
,
,
.

7.1.2

,
.
a)

.
b) ,
.
c)
,
/ .
, ,

, API 653 510.

7.1.3 ,
,
.
7.1.4

,
, , ,
.
7.2


7.2.1

,
, ,
..,
, , ,
(. SSPC-SP COM NACE
SP0178).

7.2.2

, , ,

, ,

.

7.2.3

, ,
,
.
41 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

a)
, , ,
.
b)


/
.

c)

SSPC-SP 1.
d)

,
, ,
, .

7.2.4

.
7.2.5
,

CHLOR*TEST .
a.

b.

90 .
,
280 .
.

(1)

(2)

a.

3 /2

b.

5 /2

c.

10 /2


:
a.

5 /2

b.

10 /2

c.

15 /2

d.

, ,

( 21)
CHLOR*RID ,
.

e.


,
42 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

,
5b 7.2.
7.3


7.3.1


,

(WFMT)
.

7.3.2

, ,
SSPC
NACE, .

7.3.3

,
.

7.3.4

a)
.
b)
.
c)

,
.
.

7.3.5


,
1% .

7.3.6

,
75% 25%
.

7.3.7

, ,
.
a.

b.


ASTM
D4285.

c.


,

.

43 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

7.3.8

7.3.9

d.


Press-OFilm,
ASTM D-4417,
.

e.

,

.

f.

95
/2 ., ,
,
.



,
, .
a.

,

.

b.

c.


,
/
. ,
,
, API 653 510.


,
,
,

,
.
,

.

.

7.3.10
.
, ,
- .
7.3.11 ,

50F (30C).
a)


ASTM
44 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

E337
.
b)
.

7.3.12 , ,
,
,
.
7.3.13


, .
7.3.14
,
.
7.3.15 , , .
7.3.16
,

.
a.

b.

, ,
.

c.

,
,

2 (50 )
.

d.

7.3.17
.
a.

b.

,
,

,
.

45 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

c.

d.


, .

e.

7.1.18
.
7.1.19

.

SSPC-VIS 1.
7.1.20
ASTM D4417, ,

.

46 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.
8.1
8.1.1


SSPC-PA 1; ,
;
(MSDS) ,
.

8.1.2

,
,
.

8.1.3


,
, ,

.
a)
(
) .
b) , ,
,

.

8.1.4


, .

8.1.5 ,
:
a.


,
.

b.



50F (30C).

1)



ASTM E337

.

2)

47 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.2

8.2.1


, ,
.

8.2.2

,
, .

8.2.3

, ,
.

8.2.4


,
5.1 SSPC-PA 1.

8.3
8.3.1


, .
a)
, ,
.
b)
, .
c)
.

8.4

8.3.2

8.3.3

8.3.4


(),
.


8.4.1

,
,
.

8.4.2

,
.

, .

48 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.5


8.5.1

,
,

.
a)
.
b)

8.6

,

,
.

8.5.2

,
, .

8.5.3

8.5.4

8.5.5

8.5.6

8.5.7

8.5.8

50%-
.

8.5.9


8.6.1

4

,

.

8.6.2

6
.

8.6.3

, ,
, ,
,
.
49 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.7

8.6.4

,
,
, .

8.6.5

, .


8.7.1

,
.

8.7.2


,
,
.

8.7.3


.
a)


..
b) ,
, ,
, ,
.

8.8

8.9


8.7.1



().

8.7.2

, SSPC-PA 2,
.

8.7.3

8.9.1


, , , , , ,
.

8.9.2

,
/ (),

.
.
50 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

8.10

8.9.3

8.9.4

8.9.5

8.9.6

8.10.1
() .

,
.
8.10.2


.
a) ,
,

2 (50 )
.
b)


.
c) ,
.
8.10.3 , , ,

.

8.11


8.11.1


.
8.11.2 Belzona 1391 1591
.
8.11.3 ,

,
51 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

.
, ,

, .
8.11.4 ,

,


.
8.11.5
.
8.11.6
, .
, ,
.

52 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0


9.1


9.1.1

300F
(150C) 212F
(100C) .

9.1.2

,
,
.
. . 1
.

1:
9.1.3

(.. ,
)

ASTM D4541
IV.
a)
3000 /2 (20.7).
b)
3000 /2 (20.7),

, .
c)

.

9.1.4


().
a.

b.

2 .

c.

d.

53 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

9.2


( )
9.2.1


, .

9.2.2


, ,
100C ( 212F )
5 . ,
.

9.2.3

10 .

9.2.4

.
a) ,
, ,

-.
b) , ,
.

54 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

10.

10.1


10.1.1 ,

.
a) -

.
b)


(--).

c)

.
10.1.2 () ()
,
.
10.1.3 , ,
.
10.1.4 ,
() () . () ()

,
() .
10.1.5 , (:
,
,
,
,
)

.
10.2


10.2.1 ,
,
,

ASTM D4285.
a) .
b)
.
55 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

c)


,
.

d) ,
,


.
e) ,
,
,
.
10.2.2 ( ) , ,

.

10.3

a)


,
.

b)


,
, .

c)

,
.


10.3.1

:
a)
b)

c)

d)
e)
10.3.2 ,
5 8.1 ,
. .
10.4


10.4.1 ,
,

.
56 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

10.4.2
Testex Inc. Press-O-Film
ASTM D4417, .

.
10.4.3
SSPC-VIS 1.

.
10.5


10.5.1
Microtest
,
SSPC-PA 2.
a)

,
.
b)
, ,
, ,


,
.
c)
, .
10.5.2
NACE SP0188.


.
10.5.3
,
,
.
10.5.4
,
,
.
10.5.5 , ,
, , / ,
.

57 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

10.6

,
10.6.1 .
10.6.2

, ,
.
10.6.3

.
a)

,

.

b)

1. .
2. (,
).
3. (
).

4.
.
10.6.4
, ,
.
10.6.5
.
10.6.6 ,
- ,
.
10.6.7
.
10.6.8
. ,

,
, , .
10.6.9

, ,
, .
10.7

58 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0



,
.

59 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

, ,

:

820C
(1800F ) ,
1 .
.

SSPC-SP 5
2-3 .

(. ).
:

820C
(1800F ) ,
1 .
,
, .

SSPC-SP 5
3-5 .

(. ).
:

.

.

SSPC-SP 5
3-4 .

(. ).

60 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

1:

AmeronAmercoat 91

12 365 F
(
)

Belzona 1391

24-30

410 F

Belzona 1521

25-40

32-40

365 F

Belzona 1591
Belzona 5891
Carboline
Phenoline 1205
Carboline
Phenoline
368 WG

410 F
0

20 365 F

0
15 300 F
(
)
14

(
)
0
4 420 F

4
(
)

410 /
7
2

.
Valspar V9.


.
0 /
2-14 1


.
0 /
1-5
2

.
0 /
1
1

.
0 /
2

.
259
4-21 2
/
.
288
/

1-14 2-3
.

Sigma
315
5-14 2-3
Phenguard
/

a
930
Sigma

,

Sigma

Phenguard
a
, .
940
. Phencoat 7409
Phenguard 7436

61 62

TENGIZCHEVROIL

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR VESSELS IN WET H2S SERVICE

Specification

X-ST-2002 Rev 0

:

2600C (5000F ) .
,
. ,
15 (0,38) 40 (1,02).

.
SSPC-SP 5
3-5 . ,
, ,
.
, ,
.
.
. ,
, ,
.
.
,
-
.
.
:

Hastelloy C Inconel 625


Com-Arc
Excallibur Process (, Metalspray United)
Jetstar ( Amstar Surface Engineering).

62 62