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EXPLANATION TO PRODUCT

DATA SHEETS

1551

January 2000

GENERAL
For ease of reference figures are usually stated in one unit only. Equivalents are given in the conversion tables. See sheet
1410 Conversion tables.
All values are given for temperature of 20 C (68 F) and relative humidity of 70%, unless stated otherwise.
GLOSS
With a 'Lange' gloss gauge 5 ranges of gloss have been determined, compared with a standard sheet of black polished glass.
The gloss values are determined according to ISO 2813=NEN 2813 (= ASTM D-523, DIN 67530).
The expressions used in the data sheets are:
Flat
Eggshell
Semi-gloss
Gloss
High-gloss

corresponds with 0-15 % on Lange gloss gauge (angle 60)


corresponds with 15-30 % on Lange gloss gauge (angle 60)
corresponds with 30-60 % on Lange gloss gauge (angle 60)
corresponds with 60-80 % on Lange gloss gauge (angle 60)
corresponds with 80-100% on Lange gloss gauge (angle 6)

SHELF LIFE
The period during which the paint can be safely transported and stored in undamaged and unopened packing and at
temperatures between 10-30 C.
After exceeding this shelf life the paint is subject to reinspection.
SUBSTRATE CONDITIONS AND TEMPERATURES
see sheet 1490
see sheet 1650
see also sheets

Cleaning of steel and removal of rust


Relative humidity - Substrate temperature - Air temperature
1492, 1493 and 1494

FULL CURE
'Full cure' means, that the properties of a (two pack) paint as described in the product data sheet are achieved.
FLASH POINT
Is determined according to DIN 53213.(=DIN 53213=ASTM D3278, and to Sigma method SM 311-41)
see also sheet 1431 - Safety in confined spaces and health safety.
DRY FILM THICKNESS/WET FILM THICKNESS
(abbreviation = dft or wft) The dry film thickness indicated in our data sheets is the minimum recommended for protection.
The minimum dft of a paint system (also a one coat system) should not be less than specified whilst for individual coats the
average dft should not vary by more than 20%.
This explains in part the difference between theoretical and practical spreading rates.
The dry film thickness can be calculated from the applied wet film thickness:
wft x % volume solidsdft x 100
dft = ______________________
100

wft = ________________
% volume solids

The information in this data sheet is to the best of our knowledge correct at the date of printing.
The company reserves the right to modify data without notice. The issue of a new data sheet will normally follow any change in data. The user should check the date of this sheet and if more
than 12 months have elapsed, then the data should only be used after checking with our nearest sales office to establish that they are still valid. Since condition of application and service may be
beyond our control, no liability can be accepted on the basis of this data.

EXPLANATION TO PRODUCT
DATA SHEETS

1551

January 2000

SOLIDS CONTENT BY VOLUME


This value is given in the product data sheet. It can be determined by a laboratory test, Sigma method 314-10 corresponding
to ASTM method D 2697 (= DIN 53219, ISO 3233, NEN 5346) or calculated from the formulation.
The calculated solids content by volume is in general lower than the determined solids content by volume. The latter
however meets practice at best, assuming that the table for spreading rate losses is used correctly.
It is impossible to calculate the solids content by volume from other figures.
TOLERANCES
Values given for specific gravity, theoretical spreading rate and solids content are averages from standard production
batches; these values can vary slightly.
THEORETICAL SPREADING RATE
The theoretical spreading rate m/l for a given dry film thickness can be calculated from:
% volume solids x 10
m/l = ________________________
dry film thickness (in m)
% volume solids
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT

20 m
25 m
30 m
50 m
60 m
75 m
80 m
100 m
125 m
150 m

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

10,0
8,0
6,7
4,0
3,3
2,6
2,5
2,0
1,6
1,3

12,5
10,0
8,3
5,0
4,2
3,4
3,1
2,5
2,0
1,7

15,0
12,0
10,0
6,0
5,0
4,0
3,8
3,0
2,4
2,0

17,5
14,0
11,7
7,0
5,8
4,6
4,4
3,5
2,8
2,3

20,0
16,0
13,3
8,0
6,7
5,4
5,0
4,0
3,2
2,7

22,5
18,0
15,0
9,0
7,5
6,0
5,6
4,5
3,6
3,0

25,0
20,0
16,7
10,0
8,3
6,6
6,2
5,0
4,0
3,3

PRACTICAL SPREADING RATE


The practical spreading rate depends on a number of factors:
surface condition and profile, application method, normal, high build or solvent-free paint, skill of labour and weather
conditions. It is often estimated at about 70 % of the theoretical spreading rate but under many conditions this is still far to
high. For calculation purposes the following table has been composed in which spreading rate LOSSES are compiled.
Substrates like wood and concrete are not included because they present too many other variable factors, especially in the
preparation, the filling of pores, etc.

The information in this data sheet is to the best of our knowledge correct at the date of printing.
The company reserves the right to modify data without notice. The issue of a new data sheet will normally follow any change in data. The user should check the date of this sheet and if more
than 12 months have elapsed, then the data should only be used after checking with our nearest sales office to establish that they are still valid. Since condition of application and service may be
beyond our control, no liability can be accepted on the basis of this data.

EXPLANATION TO PRODUCT
DATA SHEETS

1551

sheet two

January 2000

ESTIMATED LOSSES IN PERCENTAGES


ALL FIGURES 10 DEPENDING ON CIRCUMSTANCES (AS GUIDE ONLY)

Type of surface
and application
method

LARGE 1)

SMALL 2)

FRAME-WORK
3)
1)
2)
3)

airless spray
air-spray
roller
airless spray
air-spray
roller-brush
airless spray
brush

LARGE SURFACES:
SMALL SURFACES:
FRAMEWORK:

BARE STEEL/FIRST COAT

COATED STEEL/NEXT COAT

NEW
blast-cleaned
A-B-C ISO-Sa2

OLD derusted
C St 3/ D ISOSa2

NEW
including
shop primer

OLD
due for
maintenance

inside

outside

inside

outside

inside

outside

inside

outside

30
40
35
45
50
25
85
20

40
50
35
55
60
25
85
20

40
50
40
55
65
25
85
20

50
60
40
65
65
30
85
20

25
35
30
45
50
20
85
20

35
45
30
55
60
20
85
20

35
45
40
55
65
30
85
30

45
55
40
65
65
30
85
30

steel walls, big tank walls, floors and roofs


doors, barge boards, structural steel and complex structures
ladders, piping, railings, door frames, window frames and skirting

Estimation of volume of paint necessary for a paint job can be calculated from:
10 x A x DFT
_____________________ = Q
VS x (100-W)
Q
A
DFT
VS
W

=
=
=
=
=

quantity in litre
area in m2
dry film thickness
% volume solids (see data sheet)
estimated losses (see table)

EXAMPLE
Q
=
to be calculated
A
=
1000 m
DFT =
100 m
VS
=
50%
Q = 10 x 1000 x 100 = 333 ltr.
W
=
40%
50 x (100-40)

NOZZLE ORIFICE AND SPRAY ANGLE


In the product data sheets only the recommended orifice is stated. The choice of the spray angle depends very much on the
practical situation. Each application should be considered individually and the most appropriate spray angle chosen for the
job in hand.
MIXING RATIO
Two-component products are delivered in the correct mixing ratio as stated in the product data sheets. When mixing
hardener into the paint component of solvent-thinned paints, rinse hardener tin with some thinner to ensure that the correct
proportions are kept. Solvent-free and water-thinned two-component paints require special treatment.
POT LIFE
This gives the time interval after mixing during which a 20 litre pack can be sprayed without addition of more than 3 to 5%
extra thinner over the normal proportions.
The information in this data sheet is to the best of our knowledge correct at the date of printing.
The company reserves the right to modify data without notice. The issue of a new data sheet will normally follow any change in data. The user should check the date of this sheet and if more
than 12 months have elapsed, then the data should only be used after checking with our nearest sales office to establish that they are still valid. Since condition of application and service may be
beyond our control, no liability can be accepted on the basis of this data.