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2/6/2015

BatteryDischargeMeasurementCircuit

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BatteryDischargeMeasurementCircuit
BhaskarPandey
Batterylife measurement for a portable system is a timeconsuming task
and many methods used for it do not give reliable results. Presented here
isacircuitusingwhichyoucanmeasurethebatterylifeveryeasily.Here,
ananalogueclocktracksthedischargetimeofthebatteryusedinbattery
poweredportabledevices.

Circuitandworking
ThecircuitforbatterydischargemeasurementisshowninFig.1.Itisbuilt
using lowpower single/dualsupply comparator MAX921 (IC1), MOSFET
VN0300L(IRF1),ananalogueclockandafewothercomponents.
IC1monitorsthelifeoftheBUT(batteryundertest)andcontrolsthepower
supply for the analogue clock. When the BUT voltage falls below the
threshold value set by VR1, IC1s output becomes low, which turns off
MOSFET IRF1. This means, power supply for the analogue clock is cut off
andsotheclockstopsrunning.Thereadingontheclockatthispointgives
the discharge time of the BUT, provided you had set the clock to 12:00
beforetestingstarted.Thecircuitcantest2.5Vto11Vbatteries.

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2/6/2015

BatteryDischargeMeasurementCircuit

Fig.1:Circuitdiagramforbatterydischargemeasurement

Fig.2:AnactualsizePCBpatternforthecircuit

Fig.3:ComponentlayoutforthePCB

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2/6/2015

BatteryDischargeMeasurementCircuit

Download:

http://www.electronicsforu.com/electronicsforu/circuitarchives/my_documents/my_files/3D8_Battery

Discharge.zip
Constructionandtesting
An actualsize, singleside PCB for the circuit is shown in Fig. 2 and its
componentlayoutinFig.3.AfterassemblingthecircuitonPCB,encloseitin
a suitable plastic box. Connect positive terminal of the analogue clock to
positiveterminalofa1.5VAAsizebatteryandnegativeterminaltothedrain
of MOSFET IRF1. Before using the circuit, verify that voltages at the test
pointsareaspertable.
For setting the threshold voltage, you need a variable DC power supply at
CON1. For example, to measure the discharge time of a 6V battery (BUT),
firstdecideitsminimumthresholdvoltage,say4.5V.Connectvariablesupply
to CON1 and set it to 4.5V. Vary VR1 till the clock stops running. Now,
removethevariablepowersupply,settheclockto12:00andconnectthe6V
batteryatCON1.Connecttheloadacrossthebattery.Asthebatterypowerisbeingconsumedbytheload,voltagelevel
beginstodrop.WhenBUTvoltagedropsbelow4.5V,theclockstopsrunning.Thetimeshownontheanalogueclockat
thispointisthedischargetime.
Theauthorisanelectronicshobbyist

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PostComment|3Comments

11 14 2

ANUDEEPMANTHU 44daysago

ButSirloadrequirementofthetheanalogueclockandthatoftheactualbatteryportabledeviceisdifferent...soIthinkto
determinethebatterydischargetimewemustknowthesteadycurrentbeingdrawnbytheanalogueclock...thenifwe
multiplythetimeinHrsandthesteadycurrentthenwellbegettingthemAhratingofthebattery...thenwecantallythisvalue
withtheactualratingofthebatterythatisprovidedonitsnameplate...Hencethebatterycanbetested...
Reply 1Reply
anjana 19daysago

thenwhatextracircuitcanbeusedforthisrequirement?couldyoupleasetellmethat
Reply
Virovkic 12daysago

Battery15VisusedONLYforsupplyclock.Clockpowersupply15VAAbatteryiscontrolledbyIC1andIRF1.Testedbattery
BUTisfloating.BUTisusedonlyforsupplyIC1whatisnoLOAD.IthinkthatacrossBUTshouldbeconnectedLOADwith
constantcurrentcircuit.IdeaisthatLOADalltimetakesconstantcurrent.WhetBUTbatteryvoltagedropunderVrefadjusted
byVR1ClockpowerisswitchedOFF.NowiseasygetBUTcapacitysimplymultiplyinganalogclocktimebyloadconstant
current.
Reply

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BatteryDischargeMeasurementCircuit

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