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# Casing Design

## Triaxial stress analysis

Aguieb Larbi
Ben Yagoub Mohammed
Prepared by: Tan Nguyen

Casing Design

## The fundamental basis of casing design is that if stresses in the pipe

wall exceed the yield strength of the material, a failure condition
exists. Hence the yield strength is a measure of the maximum
allowable stress. To evaluate the pipe strength under combined
yielding condition.

maximum

distortion

energy

theory,

which

is

known

as

the

## Huber-Von-Mises Theory. This theory states that if the triaxial stress

exceeds the yield strength, a yield failure is indicated. Note that the
triaxial stress is not a true stress. It is a theoretical value that allows a
generalized three-dimensional stress state to be compared with a
uniaxial failure criterion (the yield strength).

Casing Design

s VME

1
2

s z s t 2 s t s r 2 s r s z 2 s Y

Where
sY minimum yield stress, psi

## sVME triaxial stress, psi

VME: Von Mises Equivalent
sz, st, sr axial tress, tangential

(1)

Casing Design

Setting the triaxial stress equal to the yield strength and solving
equation (1) give the results:

s t pi
3 s z pi
1
sY
4 sY

1 s pi
z
2 sY

(2)

pi internal pressure
st tangential stresses

(3)

This equation is for the ellipse of plasticity. Combining this eq. and
the equation of tangential stresses together and let r = ri, will give
the combinations of internal pressure, external pressure and axial
stress that will result in a yield strength mode of failure.

Casing Design

As

axial

increases
In

tension
and

contrast,

critical

increases, the

the
as

critical

burst-pressure

the

burst-pressure

## axial compression increases, the

decreases

collapse-pressure increases.

and

the

critical

Casing Design

Example
Compute the nominal collapse pressure rating for 5.5, N-80 casing
with a nominal wall thickness of 0.476 and a nominal weight per
foot of 26 lbf/ft. In addition, determine the collapse pressure for
in-service conditions in which the pipe is subjected to a 40,000 psi
axial tension stress and a 10,000 psi internal pressure. Assume a
yield strength mode of failure.

Solution
For collapse pressure rating, r = ri then eq. (3) becomes

pi ro2 ri 2 2 pe ro2
st
ro2 ri 2

s t pi

sY

pi ro2 ri 2 2 pe ro2
pi
2
2
ro ri

sY

s t pi 2ro2 pi pe

2
2
sY
ro ri s Y
pi pe
s t pi 25.52

2
sY
5.5 4.548 80,000

s t pi pi pe
pe

sY
12,649 12,649

Casing Design

s z pi
0 we have
sY

s t pi
1
sY
pe
1
12,649

pe 12,649 psi

## For in-service conditions of sz = 40,000 psi and pi = 10,000 psi

s t pi 10,000 p e

sY
12,649
s z pi 40,000 10,000

0.625
sY
80,000
Solving eq. (14) gives

s t pi 10,000 pe

0.5284
sY
12,649

p e 16,684 psi