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SI:

Math 122 Final

December 11, 2012

Name

Directions:

 EF: 1 /15 2 /15 3 /10 4 /20 5 /15 6 /15 7 /15 8 /15 9 /15 10 /15 11 /10 12 /10 13 /15 14 /15 Total / 200

1. No books, notes or hoping the world ends before this Final does. You may use a calculator to do routine arithmetic computations. You may not use your calculator to store notes or formulas. You may not share a calculator with anyone.

2. You should show your work, and explain how you arrived at your an- swers. A correct answer with no work shown (except on problems which are completely trivial) will receive no credit. If you are not sure whether you have written enough, please ask.

3. You may not make more than one attempt at a problem. If you make several attempts, you must indicate which one you want counted, or you will be penalized.

4. You may leave as soon as you are ﬁnished, but once you leave the exam, you may not make any changes to your exam.

Have a Safe and Happy Break

1. (15 points)

 (a) Compute x 2 e x 3 dx (b) Compute x 3 e x 2 dx (c) Compute (sin 33 x)(cos 3 x) dx.

2. (15 points)

(a)

Compute

1

(x 2 + 9) 3/2 dx

(b) Compute

x

2

6

x(x 1) 2

dx

(c)

Use Simpson’s method with n = 4, to approximate 2

1

1

(x + 1) 2 dx

3. (10 points)

(a) Compute 2

1

1

x 2 4x + 5 dx

(b)

(tan 3 2x) (sec 6 2x) dx

4. (20 points)

(a) Find the length of the curve y = x 8 4

+

1

4x 2 for 1 x 2

(b)

Find the center of mass for the region bounded by y = 9 x 2 , x-axis, and y-axis.

5.

(15 points) Find the force on a vertical ﬂat plate in the form of a semicircle 5 meters in radius that is submerged in water (ρ =9810 N/m 3 ).

5"meters"

6. (15 points) Find the solution of each of the following diﬀerential equa- tions:

 (a) y = 2x √ y − 1, y(0) = 2 (b) xy = 2y + x 3 cos x, y(π) = π 2

7. (15 points) For the diﬀerential equation is given below:

dy

dx

 x 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 0 -1 -1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 y 2 -1 0 -1 1 1 3 -1 1 0 1 0 4 1 1 -1 -1 1

= F (x, y), where F (x, y)

 (a) Sketch the slope ﬁeld at the given points. (b) Use Euler’s method with h = 1 and y(0) = 0 to approximate y(4).

8. (15 points) The United States has \$300 billion in paper currency in circulation and each day \$15 billion comes into (and out of) the coun- try’s bank. The government decided to introduce new currency fea- turing portraits of famous Mathematicians. The banks will replace old bills with new ones, whenever old currency comes into the bank. Let y = y(t) denote the amount of new currency in circulation at time t, with y(0) = 0.

 (a) Write a diﬀerential equation for how much new currency is in circulation. (b) Solve the diﬀerential equation from part (a). (c) How long will it take for the new bills to account for 90% of the currency in circulation?

9. (15 points) Determine if the following series converge absolutely, con- verge conditionally, or diverge. For each test you use, you must name the test, perform the test, and state the conclusion you reached from that test.

(a)

(b)

(c)

n=2

n=1

n=1

(1) n

n ln n

(1) n n 2

e

n

(1) n n 3e + n + 5e 2 n

10. (15 points)

(a)

Consider the power series:

n=1

(x + 1) n

n 2 n

i. Find the radius of convergence.

ii. Find the interval of convergence. (Hint: Check the endpoints.)

(b)

If the Maclaurin series of f (x) is

i.

Find f (1)

f(x) = x + x 3 + x 5

3

9

+ x 7

x 9

27 + 81 +

ii. Find the Maclaurin series for f (x 2 ).

11.

(10 points) For the curve given parametrically by

(a) Find

x = 1 + 3t 2

dy

dx at t = 1

y = 4 + 2t 3

(b)

The equation of the tangent line through the point (4, 6).

12. (10 Points) Find the area of one petal of the four leave rose r = 4 sin 2θ

13.

(15 points) For vectors a = 1, 2, 3 and b = 3, 1, 1 ﬁnd:

 (a) →− a · →− b (b) a × b (c) cos θ where θ is the the angle between →− a and →− b (d) Find the area of the triangle with →− a and →− b as two of the sides. (e) Find a unit perpendicular to both a and b

14. (15 points)

 (a) Find the equation of the plane through (1,2,-3) that is perpendic- ular to the line x = 1 + 2t, y = 2 + t, z = −3 − 5t (b) Find the distance from the point (1, -2, 3) to the plane x + 2y − 4z = 1 (c) Find the point of intersection of the line: x = −1 + t, y = 1 − 2t, z = 3 + 3t

and the plane 2x y + z = 7

FORMULA PAGE

sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ = 1

tan 2 θ + 1 = sec 2 θ

1 + cot 2 θ = csc 2 θ

sin(α + β) = sin α cos β + cos α sin β

sin(α β) = sin α cos β cos α sin β

cos(α + β) = cos α cos β sin α sin β

cos(α β) = cos α cos β + sin α sin β tan α + tan β

tan(α + β) =

1 tan α tan β sin 2 x = 1 cos 2x

2

cos 2 x = 1 + cos 2x

2

sin 2x = 2 sin x cos x

cos 2x = cos 2 x sin 2 x

(sin x) = cos x

(cos x) = sin x

(tan x) = sec 2 x

(sec x) = sec x tan x

(csc x) = csc x cot x

(cot x) = csc 2 x

(e x ) = e x

(ln x) = 1

x

(arcsin x) =

1

1 x 2

1

1 + x 2

1

(arctan x) =

(arcsec x) =

|x| x 2 1

S =

b

a

dx 2 + dy

dt

dt

2

S =

β

α

r 2 + (r ) 2

dt

(sinh x) = cosh x

(cosh x) = sinh x

= e x e x

sinh x

2

cosh x = e x + e x

2

x n+1 = x n f(x n )

(x n )

f (c) = f(b) f(a) b a

f

f(c) =

1

b a

b

a

f (x)dx

n

k=1

k = n(n + 1)

2

n

k=1

k 2 = n(n + 1)(2n + 1)

6

k=1 k 3 = n(n + 1)

n

2

2

sec x dx = ln | sec x + tan x| + C

sec 3 x dx = 1

2 [sec x tan x + ln | sec x + tan x|]+C

csc x dx = ln |csc x cot x| + C

e x =

1+x+ x 2 + x 3

2!

3! +··· =

n=0

x

n

n! , for all x

sin x = xx 3 + x 5

3!

5! +··· =

cos x = 1x 2 + x 4

2!

4! +··· =

n=0

n=0

x

2n+1

(1) n (2n + 1)! , for all x

x

2n

(1) n (2n)! , for all x

1

x = 1+x+x 2 +x 3 +x 4 +··· =

1

y =

A y 0 e kt

(A y 0 ) + y 0 e kt

D = |ax 1 + by 1 + cz 1 d|

a 2 + b 2 + c 2 1 + 1 = 2

n=0

x n , 1 < x < 1

NAME
STATEMENT
ar n
n=0
Geometric Series
a
Converges if |r| < 1 and has sum S =
Diverges if |r| ≥ 1
1 − r
1
p
p-series
n
n=1
Converges if p > 1, diverges if p ≤ 1
If
n→∞ a n = 0,
lim
a
n
n-th Term Test or
Divergence Test
If lim
= 0, the
a n diverges.
n=1
n→∞ a n
n=1
may or may not con-
verge.
Let
a n be a series with positive terms, and
n=1
let f (x) be the function that results when n
Use
this
test
when
is replaced by x in the formula for a n .
If f
Integral Test
f (x)
is
easy to
inte-
is decreasing and continuous for x ≥ 1, then
grate.
a n and
f (x) dx both converge or both
1
n=1
diverge.
Let
a n and
b n be a series with positive
n=1
n=1
terms such that if a n
< b n and
b n con-
n=1
Comparison Test
verges then
a n converges
n=1
or if
b n < a n and
b n diverges then
a n di-
n=1
n=1
verges
 NAME STATEMENT COMMENTS ∞ ∞ Let a n and b n be a series with positive n=1 n=1 terms such that Limit Comparison Test a n lim n→∞ b = ρ n If 0 < ρ < ∞, then both series converge or both diverge. ∞ Let a n be a series with positive terms and n=1 suppose lim a n+1 = ρ Try this test when a n involves factorials or n- th powers. Ratio Test n→∞ a n a) Series converges if ρ < 1. b) Series diverges if ρ > 1. c) No conclusion if ρ = 1. ∞ Let a n be a series with positive terms and n=1 suppose lim n→∞ √ a n = ρ n Try this test when a n involves nth powers Root Test a) Series converges if ρ < 1. b) Series diverges if ρ > 1. c) No conclusion if ρ = 1. ∞ Let a n be a series with alternating terms n=1 if Alternating Series Test lim n→∞ a n = 0 This test applies only to alternating series. and |a n | > |a n+1 | the series converges conditionally