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CAB2012: HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT

Tutorial 3
Instructions:
MCQ Questions:
1.

Why do OSHA standards require the employer to first consider engineering controls to correct
workplace hazards?
A.
Because safety is all about condition, not behaviour
B.
They may completely eliminate the hazard
C.
They may completely eliminate exposure
D.
They may cost more in the long run than enforcing safe work procedures

2.

Environmental Management Systems is the component of an organisation with primary


responsibility for leading, planning, controlling and organising as they relate specifically to
the impact of an organisation ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.

processes
products
services
all of the above

3.

Engineering controls should not rely on which of the following strategies


A.
design or redesign
B.
removal or substitution
C.
barriers or ventilation
D.
personal protective equipment

4.

Which of the following statements do describe the nature of ISO 14000?


I. ISO 14000 family of standards has been developed to promote effective environmental
management
II. It is a quality system based on the participation of selected employees
III. It is a compulsory international standard for use by any company, any size and anywhere
in the world
IV. It advocates sustainable development for every nation and every person
A.
B.
C.
D.

5.

I and III
II and IV
I and IV
II and III

Which of the following is FALSE?

A. The ISO 14000 is a family of effective environmental management standards


B. The ISO 14000 standards may be a market requirement.
C. ISO is a government organization based in Geneva.
D. A component of the ISO 14000 is continual improvement.

6.

7.

The design process includes all the following steps except which of
the following?
A. Synthesis
B. Problem identification
C. Cost
D. Analysis and evaluation
Productivity, quality, cost, and response time are which of the
following?
A. Key to productivity
B. Indirect labor
C. Image and service
D. Education and training

8. The safety and health manager must understand the bottom line
concerns of all of the following except:
A. Management
B. Supervisor
C. Employees
D. Vendors
9.

10.

Which of the following factors contributes most to changing the


role of the safety professional?
A. Global competition becoming more intense
B. Changing OSHA standards
C. Changing NIOSH standards
D. None of the above
Productivity is a measure of which of the following ratios?
A. Output/input
B. Productivity/cost
C. Input/cost
D. Input/output

Essay/Short Answer Questions:

1.

Explain the types of problems modern


safety and health managers can expect to confront in attempting to
implement their programs.
Lack of commitment
Top management may go along with having a company-wide
safety
and health program because they see it as a necessary
evil.
Production versus Safety
Industrial firms are in business to make a profit. Anything that
interferes with production or processing is likely to be
looked on
unfavorably.

2.

3.

. Briefly explain what a company must do in order to succeed in


todays competitive global marketplace.
The most productive company is the one that generates the most
output
with the least input.
What is meant by the statement If a physician makes an error he
might harm one person, but an engineer who errs might harm one
hundred?
Engineers can make a significant contribution to safety.
Correspondingly, they can cause, inadvertently or through
incompetence, accidents that
result in serious injury and
property damage

4.

Explain how the design process can affect safety.


With a poorly designed seat belt installed in 10,000 automobiles, the
engineer has inadvertently endangered the lives of as many as
40,000
people (estimating a maximum of four passengers per car).