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Small Area Average- Fast Fading

To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading
The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading

Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading
The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m

NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading


LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage

Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading

To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading
The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.

Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading
The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading

Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading
The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m

NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading


LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage

Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading

To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method

Small Area Average- Fast Fading


To separate out the fast fading from shadow fading the envelope or the
magnitude is averaged over distance on the order of 10m and the result is
referred to as small area coverage or sector coverage
Sliding Average Shadow Fading

The Shadow fading can be separated out from the fast fading using a
sliding average over a Window of Length on the order of 10m
NLOS PDF-Rayleigh Fading
LOS PDF-Rician Fading
Shadow fading i.e. the Mean of Small Areas follow normal distribution (Power in
decibel follow normal distribution so in fact it is log normal
distribution).Therefore shadow fading is also known as log normal fading.
Separating Shadow fading from range dependence-Using straight line fit method