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Data presentation and analysis

This shows a statistical method of how data was created. It also gives further
information based on distribution of questionnaire to residents and occupants of the
proposed case study area.
4.5.0 Presentation of data
The table below shows the number of questionnaires distributed and number that
were returned.
Table 4.5.1 numbers distributed.

Respondent

No. issued out

Percentage

Residents

40

80

Non-residents

10

20

Total

50

100

Table 4.5.2 Numbers returned


Respondent

No. issued out

Percentage

Residents

30

75

Non-residents

10

25

Total

40

100

Question 1
Does buildings and infrastructural maintenance has impact on the economy of
Philippines?
Table 4.5.3
Option

Responses

Percentage

Yes

30

75%

No

10

25%

Total

40

100%

From question number (1) 75% of the residents, responded that maintenance of
buildings and infrastructures has impact on the economy of Philippines.
Question (2)
Does buildings and infrastructures in Philippines receive adequate maintenance
attention?
Table 4.5.4
Option

Responses

Percentage

Yes

10%

No

36

90%

Total

40

100%

According to the data above, 36 responded out of 40 respondents representing


90% accepted that buildings and infrastructures in Philippines does not receive
adequate maintenance attention.
Question 3
Does maintenance experience funding as a constraint in Philippines?
Table 4.5.5
Option

Responses

Percentage

Yes

32

80%

No

20%

Total

40

100%

In this table above, 32 responded out of 40 respondents, representing 80%


accepted that funding/finance is a major constraint to maintenance work.
Question 4
Would you attribute the deterioration and dilapidation of buildings and
infrastructure in Philippines to old age and poor design standard?
Table 4.5.6
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

40

100%

No

Total

40

100%

It is seen that 40 respondents responded 1005 total response supporting that


buildings and infrastructural deterioration and dilapidation are as a result of both factors.
Question 5
Does government has legislation and policies that ensures adequate
maintenance of buildings and infrastructures?
Table 4.5.7
Option

Responses

Percentage

Yes

16

40%

No

24

60%

Total

40

100%

From the table above 60% of the total respondents were of the opinion that
Philippines government has no legislation and policies that ensures adequate
maintenance of buildings and infrastructures.
Question 6
Does Philippines has adequate maintenance professionals as against the
number of buildings and infrastructural maintenance requirement?
Table 4.5.8

Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

14

35%

No

26

65%

Total

40

100%

From the responses above, it can be deduced that the number of maintenance
professional is minimal as against the maintenance work requirement.
Question 7
Would adequate funding of maintenance work by the government add value to
income per capita of the citizenry?
Table 4.5.9
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

32

80%

No

20%

Total

40

100%

From the data above 32 responded out of 40 representing 80%, accepted that
adequate funding of maintenance will add value to the economic life of the citizenry.
Question 8

Does maintenance of buildings and infrastructures in Philippiness metropolis and


city centres determine the level of urbanization and civilization therein?
Table 4.5.10
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

22

55%

No

18

45%

Total

40

100%

From the above table 55% of the total respondents suggested that maintenance
of buildings and infrastructures determine the level of urbanization and civilization in
Philippiness metropolis and city-centres.
Question 9
Does the maintenance industry ascertain job opportunity for Philippinesn
citizens?
Table 4.5.11
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

34

85%

No

15%

Total

40

100%

From the table above and the data obtained it was observed that 34 respondents
representing 855 suggested that the maintenance industry ascertain job opportunities
for Philippinesn citizens.
Question 10
Do you believe that the current state of maintenance activity carried out in
Philippines is to an acceptable standard?
Table 4.5.12
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

No

40

100%

Total

40

100%

From the data obtained 100% of the respondents believe that the current
maintenance activity carried out in Philippines is not up to acceptable standard.
Question 11
Would you attribute un-involvement of maintenance professionals at the design
stage of a project as a cause of major maintenance fault envisaged?
Table 4.5.12
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

36

90%

No

10%

Total

40

100%

According to the data 36 responded out of 40 representing 90% accepted that un


involvement of maintenance professionals at the design stage is a major cause of
subsequent maintenance fault.
Question 12
Would you attribute negligence on the part of the property owner as a direct
cause of defects and dilapidations on buildings and infrastructures envisaged in
Philippines?
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

38

95%

No

5%

Total

40

100%

From the preceding table, 95% of the total respondents were of the opinion that
negligence on the part of the property owners is a direct cause of defect and
dilapidations of buildings of buildings and infrastructures in Philippines.
Question 13

Does poor workmanship and poor supervision at the development stage of


building or infrastructure give rise to subsequent occurrence of maintenance work in
Philippines?
Table 4.5.13
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

34

85%

No

15%

Total

40

100%

From the table 85% of the respondents suggested that the poor workmanship
and poor supervision at the development stage of buildings and infrastructural facilities
gives rise to the subsequent occurrence of maintenance work in Philippines.
Question 14
Would you attribute user wear and tear as a directed cause of the state of
dilapidation of buildings and infrastructural facilities envisaged in Philippines?
Table 4.2.14
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

40

100%

No

Total

40

100%

In the table above, it is seen that 40 respondents responded positively,


representing 100% total response suggesting 100% that the user wear and tear causes
defects and dilapidations of building and infrastructural facilities in Philippines.
Question 15
Would poor quality material usage result in defects and subsequent high scale
maintenance work required in Philippines?
Table 4.5.15
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

30

75%

No

10

25%

Total

40

100%

From the data obtained, 75% of the respondents responded that poor quality
material usage material usage results in defects and subsequent high scale
maintenance work required in Philippines.
Question 16
Would you say that strict adherence to maintenance planning and scheduling will
increase efficiency and productivity as regards to effective maintenance work in
Philippines?
Table 4.5.16

Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

36

90%

No

10%

Total

40

100%

According to the data above, 36 respondent out of 40 responded representing


90% accepted that strict adherence to maintenance planning and schedule will increase
efficiency of work in Philippines.
Question 17
Does effect of taxation and levies on property owners contribute to lack effective
maintenance work in Philippines?
Table 4.5.17
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

32

80%

No

20%

Total

40

100%

In the table above 32 responded out of 40 respondents, representing 80%


accepted that taxation and levies on property owners contribute to lack of effect
maintenance in Philippines.

Question 18
Does lack of preparation of maintenance manual for buildings affect the efficiency
of maintenance works for such buildings in Philippines?
Table 4.5.18
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

24

60%

No

16

40%

Total

40

100%

From the table above 60% of the total respondents were of the opinion that lack
of preparation of maintenance manual for buildings affects the efficiency of maintenance
manual for buildings affect the efficiency of maintenance work for buildings.
Question 19
Does inflation rate contribute to inadequate maintenance of buildings and
infrastructures in Philippines?
4.5.19
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

40

100%

No

Total

40

100%

From the above 100% total responses was obtained showing that the inflation
rate contribute to inadequate maintenance of buildings and infrastructures in
Philippines.
Question 20
Does time factor contribute as a constraint to effective maintenance work in
Philippines?
Table 4.5.20
Option

Responses Percentage

Yes

10%

No

36

90%

Total

40

100%

From the table above it was accepted that time factor contribute as a constraint
to effective maintenance work in Philippines?
4.6 Discussions of findings
From all indication almost all the questions answered in the questionnaire,
interviews and observation showed the impact of maintenance of buildings and
infrastructural facilities to the national economy.

In question (1) which asked if the buildings and infrastructural maintenance has
impact on the economy of Philippines. The respondents who answered Yes were
thirty(30) which is 75% out of the total number of questions asked. The number that
answered No was ten (10) which are 25% of 100 indicates that majority were of the
opinion that maintenance of buildings and infrastructures has impact on the economy of
Philippines.
In question (2) 10% representing 4 respondents disagreed while 90%
representing 36 respondents suggested that buildings and infrastructures in Philippines
does not receive adequate maintenance attention.
In question (3) 80% representing 32 respondents did agree while 20%
representing 8 respondents disagreed that maintenance experience funding as a
constraint in Philippines.
In question (4) 100% which represented 40 supported that the buildings and
infrastructural deterioration and dilapidation are as a result of poor design and old age.
In question (5) 40%which represents 16 did not agree with the question while 60%
representing 24 respondents were of the opinion that Philippines government has no
legislation and policies that ensures adequate maintenance of buildings and
infrastructures.
In question (6) 35% representing 14 respondents disagreed while 65%
representing 26 respondents believed that the number of maintenance professional is
minimal as against the maintenance work requirement.

In question (7) 80% representing 32 respondents did agree while 20%


representing 8 respondents disagreed that adequate funding of maintenance of
maintenance work by the government will add value the economic life of the citizens.
In question (8) 55% representing 22 respondents agreed while 45% representing
18 respondents disagreed that maintenance of buildings and infrastructures determine
the level of urbanization and civilization in Philippines metropolis and city centres.
In question (9) 85% representing 34 respondents agreed while 15% representing
only 6 respondents disagreed that the maintenance industry ascertains job opportunities
for Filipinos.
In question (10) 100% representing total respondents do not believe that the
current state of maintenance activity carried out in Philippines is to an acceptable
standard.
In

question

(11)

90%

representing

36

respondents

ascertains

while

10%representing 4 respondents did not accept that un-involvement of maintenance


professionals at the design stage is one of the major causes of subsequent
maintenance work.
In question (12) 5% represents 2 respondent disagreed while 95% represent 38
respondents were of the opinion that negligence on the part of building/property owners
is a direct cause of defects and dilapidations of buildings and infrastructural facilities in
Philippines,

In question (13) 15% representing 6 respondents do not support while 85%


representing respondents suggested that poor workmanship and poor supervision at the
development stage of buildings and infrastructural facilities gives rise to subsequent
occurrence of maintenance work in Philippines.
In question (14) 100% representing total of 40 respondents suggested that the
user wear and tear causes defects and dilapidations of buildings and infrastructural
facilities in Philippines.
In question (15) 25% representing total 10 respondents disagreed while 75%
representing 30 agreed that poor quality material usage results in defects and
subsequent high scale maintenance work in Philippines.
In question (16) 10% representing 4 respondents disagreed while 90%
representing 36 respondents accepted that strict adherence to maintenance planning
and scheduling will increase efficiency of maintenance work in Philippines.
In question (17) 20% representing 8 respondents did not agree while 80%
representing 32 respondents accepted that taxation and levies on property owners
contribute to lack of effective maintenance work in Philippines.
In question (18) 40% representing 16 respondents did not support while 60%
representing 24 respondents supported that lack of preparation of maintenance manual
for buildings affect the efficiency of maintenance work for such buildings.
In question (19) 100% total response were of the opinion that inflation rate
contribute to inadequate maintenance of buildings and infrastructures in Philippines. In

question (20) 35% representing 14 respondents disagreed while 65% representing 26


respondents supported that time factor contributes as a constraint to effective
maintenance work in Philippines.

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