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IS:6051-1970

Indian Standard

( Reaffirmed 1999 )
( Rerffirmed 1979)

CODE FOR DESIGNATION OF


ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS
( Third Reprint FEBRUARY

UDC

1996 )

669.71:003.62

0 Copyright 1971
BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN
9 0AHADUR

NEW DELHI

Gr

STANDARDS
SHAH

ZAFAR

MARC

110002

Jub

1971

IS : 6051.1970

Indian Standard
CODE FOR DESIGNATION OF
ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS
Light Metals

and Their

Alloys

Sectional

Committee,

SMDC

10

Representing

Chairmm

Indian Aluminum Co Ltd, Calcutta

SHRI R. K. MURTHY
Members

The Aluminium Corporation of India Ltd, Calcutta


Hindustan Aluminium Corporation Ltd, Renukoot,
Mirzapur
National Test House, Calcutta
SHRI N. C. BAQCHI
Ministry of Defence ( R & D )
DR V. CHANDNA~EKHAR
SHRI P. K. MAHAPATRA f Alternate 1
The Indian Standard Metal Co Ltd, Bombay
SHRXC. CHATTERJEE
Directorate of Technical Development & Production
SHRI D. D. CHOU~DHUHY
( Air ), Air Headquarters
DEP~JTY DIRECTOR RESEARCH Ministry of Railways
( MET )-2, RDSO, CHITTARANJAN
CHEMIST & MBTALLURGIST,
NORTHEASTERN
RAILWAY,
GOKAKHPUR
( Altsmatc)
Ministry of Defence ( DGI )
SHKI P.K.GANGopADHyAy
\
SHRI D. 5. MUKH~U~E ( Alternare )
Indian Aluminium Co Ltd, Calcutta
SHRI N. GOPALKRISHNAN
Electrical Manufacturing Co Ltd, Calcutta
SHHI OM KHOSLA
SWKI 0. P. MATHUR ( Alternate)
Director General of Ordnance Factories ( Ministry
SHRI D. Y. MOQHE
of Defence ), Calcutta
SHRI B. S. SETR ( Alternate )
India Government
Mint ( Ministry of Finance ),
SHRI D.C. MUEHEHJEA
Hyderabad
The Aluminium Industries Ltd, Kundara
SHICI S. PEER MOHAMMED
SHRI P. M.JOSEPH (Alternate)
Bharat
Heavy Electricals Ltd, Hyderabad
SHR~K.N.RAM.~RWAMY
SHRI B. N. BISWA~ (Alternate)
Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals, New
SHRI D. K. RAY
Delhi
SHRI J. P. SEN ( Alternate )
Jeewanlal (1929) Ltd, Calcutta
SHRI D.H. SHAH
SHRI P. K. &BANI (Alternate j
Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, Bangalore
SHKI M. B. SHANKAR
SHRI K. B. NABHIRAJ ( Alternnle)
SERIV. D AQAR~AL
SHRI V. K: AQR~WAL

( Continued on page 2 )

BUREAU
MANAK

OF

BHAVAN,

INDIAN
9 BAHADUR

NEW DELI11

STANDARDS
SIIAII
110002

ZAFAR

MARC

IS:6051-1970
(Continued from

page

1)

Members

Representing

DR Y. N. TI~EHAN

National
Metallurgical
Laboratory
(CSIR ),
Jamshedpur
Directorate
General of Technical
Development,
New
Delhi

SHRI V. V. VIKABHAI>RAY~-A

SHILI B. P. SINHA ( .illerrmfc)


SHHI R. K. &WASTAVA,
Director
Deputy Director
( Strut & hlet )

General,

ISI

( Ex-oficio

Mrmbrr )

SHBI S. L. BALI
Deputy

Director

Panel for Aluminium

( Metals),

Designations,

181

SMDC

10/P-12

Convener

SHRT M. B. SLTANUAK

Hindustan

Aeronautics

Ltd, Bangalore

Members
SHKI V. K. AQ~~AWAL

SHRI N. GOPALXRISHNAN

Hindustan
Aluminium
Corporation
klirzapur
Indian Aluminium
Co Ltd, Calcutta

Ltd,

Renukoot,

IS-:6051-1970

Indian Standard
CODE FOR DESIGNATION OF
ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS

0.

FOREWORD

0.1This

Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution


on 7 December
1970, after the draft finalized by the Light Metals and
Their Alloys Sectional Committee
had been approved by the Structural
and Metals Division Council.
0.2 Formulation
of a fundamental
and rational designation
system, for
aluminium and its alloys, which is either suggestive or self-indicative
of
the approximate
composition
and type of the alloys, in view of diverse
systems prevalent
in different countries of the world, presented
many
problems.
As a result of a criticalstudy
and a series of exercises undertaken of designation
systems so far prevalent, some based on digital and
some on elemental
percentage,
the digital system was considered
fairly
simple and convenient for the most part.
The designation system covered
in this code not onLy offers clues to the type of alloys but also attempts
With this system, the designation
of
to rationally
group all the alloys.
new ahoys which may be formulated
in future will also be possible.

0.2.1 Although the five-and four-digit systems have been explained in the
code by suitable
examples given under relevant
clauses, the existing
aluminium
and aluminium
alloy designations
have been translated
into
the new alloy designations in Appendix A for ready reference,
Also titles
of the Indian Standards referred to in this code are given on page 10.
0.3 For the purpose of rounding
be applicable.

off, rules as described

in IS : 2-1960*

shall

1. SCOPE
method for designating
aluminium
and
1.1 This
code prescribes
wrought
aluminium
alloys, aluminium
(un-alloyed
namely,
alloys,
castingalloys, castings ( unalloyed ), and primary ingots.
*Rules for rounding off numerical values ( mired

).

its

),

IS I 6051-1970
2. IDENTIFICATION
2.1 Elements
each in Table

shall
1.

TABLE

OF ELEMENTS

be identified

by the group

ELEMENT

NUMBER

number

Aluminium

against

DESIGNATIONS

GROUP NUYBEB

ELFNLIENT
Un--4ftpljed

indicated

( Wrought

and Cast

Copper
Manganese
Silicon
Magnesium
Magnesium

Silicide

( Mg,Si

Zinc
Other Elements (such as, Nickel, Titanium,
( Chromium, Lead, Bismuth, etc )
9

Unassigned

3. FIVE-

AND

FOUR-DIGIT

SYSTEMS

3.0 The new alloy designation system for aluminium and its alloys is based
on a Five-Digit
System
for wrought
aluminium
alloys, aluminium
(un-alloyed)
and a Four-Digit
System
for casting
alloys,
castings
(un-alloyed j and primary ingots.
_

FIVE-DIGIT
3.1 Wrought
First Digit
First

Digit

identifies
the Major
Alloying
Element

Aluminkm

SYSTEM

Alloys,

Second Digit

Third, Fourth and Ffth Lkgrts

Second
Digit
indicates
rounded off mean value
of the percentage
of
the
Major
Alloying
E 1 e m e n t, except for

Third,
Fourth and
Fifth
Digits
identify
the
Minor
Alloying
Elements
in
the
descending
order of their percentage
and in
the case of same alloy percentage

ls : 605S- 1976
22&i,

Second Di&t
4
containing
Group
Silicon, when the digit
refers
to
the
mean
percentage
halved and
rounded
off; and
for
Group
6 containing
Magnesium
Silicide,
the
digit
refers
to
five times. the mean Magnesium
percentage
rounded
off

First Digit

F&n

and F$th Digi&

in the serial order (see new desigt


nation for H 12 ), except for Group
6 containing
the intermetallic
compound
(Mg&)
when the
Third Digit refers to either Magnesium or Silicon which is in excess of that required ,for Magnesium Silicide (that is 1.7 which is
the ratio. of Mg to Si).
For
balanced compositions,
the Third
Digit will be zero
In case of High Purity Aluminium
Base Alloy, the Fifth Digit will be 1

Examfiles:
Alloying Elements and Their
Mean Percentages

Old Designation

Cu 1.5, Si 1.0, Mg 0.85


Mn 1.2
Si 5-2
Mg 4.4, Mn O-75
Mg 065, Si O-50
Mg O-65, Si O-50 (EC Grade)
Mg O-95, Si 0.95

Hll

3.2 Wrought

AIumininm

First Digit

New

22450
31009
43000
54300
63400
6340 1
65400

%l
N8
H9
91E
H19
( Un-Alloyed

Third and Fourth


Digits

Second Digit

Digit
is
al- Second Digit is
ways shown as 1 always shown as
representing Un9, the unit digit
Alloyed
Alumiof 99 minimum
nium* (Wrought)
purity
percentage

Third and Fourth Digits indicate the decimal


purity
percentage

First

Design&on

Fifth Digit
Fifth Digit indicates Variants if
any. Example:
EC Grade Aluminium shown
as 1

Examples:
Aluminium
Al
Al
Al
Al

Purity, Percent

99.99
99.5
99.5 ( EC Grade)
99.0

*Un-Alloyed
aluminium.

aluminium

Old Designation
:I3
1E of IS: 5082IC
by convention

1969

or definition

New Designation
19990
19500
19501
19000
is not less than 990

percent

Isr6@51-1970

FOUR-DIGIT SYSTEM
3.3 Casting AUoyf~
Third and Fourth Digits

First Digit

secondDig@

FirstDigit
identifies
the Major Alloying Element

Second
Digit indicates
the mean value percentage of the Major Alloying Element halved and
rounded off

Third and Fourth Digits identify


the Minor Alloying Elements in
ehe order of their decreasing percentage or in the case of same
alloy percentage
in the serial
order (see new Designation for
A-l )

Examples:
Alloying Elements and
Their Mean Percentages

Old Designation

New Designation

Cu 9.8, Fe 1.0, Mg O-25


Si 10.2, CU 1.6
Si 11.5, Ni 3.0
Mg 10.2

A-12
A-2
A-17
A-10

2585
4520
4680
5500

3.4 Primary Ingots or Castings ( Un-Alloyed )


First Digit

Second Digit

Third Digit

First Digit is always shown as


1 representing
Un-Alloyed Aluminium*

Second Digit
is
always
shown
as 9, the unit
digit of 99 minimum
purity
percentage

Third Digit indicates the decima1 purity percentage

Fourth Digit

Fourth Digit indicates


Variants if any. Example: EC Grade Aluminium
shown as 1

Examples:
Aluminium Purity, Percent

Al 99.6 ( EC Grade)
Al 99.5
( EC Grade)

Old Designation

New Designation

Grade 1
( IS : 4026- 1969 )
Grade 2
( IS : 4026-1969)

1961

99.5 percent
( IS : 2590- 1964 )

lUn-Alloyed
aluminium.

aluminium

by convention

or definition

1951
1950

is not less than 99.0 percent

APPENDIX
(CZm4se
02.1 )
COMPARISON

OF OLD

AND NEW DESIGNATIONS

Wrought Alloys (IS : 733 to IS : 740, IS I 1284, IS t 1285 and IS : 3436)


ALUMINIUM

PURITY,PERCENT OLD DESIGNATION

Al 99.99
Al 99.8
Al 99.6 ( EC Grade )
(IS:5484)
Al 99.5
Al 99.5 (EC Grade)
(IS:1841, IS:2067)
Al 99.5 (EC Grade)
J&.502 )

NEW DESIGNATION

1
1A
-

I9990
19800
19601

1B
-

19500
19501

1E

19501

1C

19000

ALLOYINGELEMENTS
ANDTHEIR
MEAN PERCENTAGES
Al42

Alloys

Cu l-5, Si 1.0, Mg 0.85


Cu 2.3, Ni l,*O, Mg O-90,
Si 0.90, Fe 0.90
Cu 4.1, Mg O-80, Mn O-70,
Si 0.45
Cu 4.1, Mg 0.80, Mn O-70,
Si 0.45
Cu 4.3, Mn 0.75, Si 0.70,
Mg O-50
Cu 4.3, Mn 0.75, & O-70,
Mg O-G_l~
Cu 2.2, Mg 1.4, Ni 1.0,
Fe 0.90
Al-Mn

22450
22845

H14

24534

HC14
HI5
HC15

Alclad 24534
24345
Alclad 24345

H18

22588

N3

31000

$1

46000
43000

Alloy

Mn I.2
Al3

Hll
H12

Alloys

Si Il.5
Si 5.2
7

IS16051.1970
&&OYING ELEMENTSAND

OLD DESIGNATIOM

THHWMEANPERCENTAGES

NEW DESIGNATION

AL-MS Alloys
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg

2.2
3.4

N4
N5

N6
N7

5-O
7.0
Mg 4.4, Mn 0.75

Al-Mg-Si Alloys
Mg 0.65, Si 0.50
Mg O-65, Si 0.50

N8

H9
(EC

Grade)

(IS:5082)
Mg 0.95, Si 0.95
Mg 1.0, Si 0.60, Mn 0.50, Cu 0.28
Mg 0.90, Si 0.95, Mn 0.70

52000
53000
55000
57000
54300

91E

63400
63401

H19
H20
H30

65400
65032
64430

Prixxiary
Ingots(IS:23,IS:2590,IS:3435
and IS:4026)
ALUMINIUM PURITY, PERCENT

Al 99.7
Al 99-6 (EC Grade)
Al 995 ( EC Grade )

99.7 percent
Grade 1
Grade 2

1961
1951

99.5 percent
99.0 percent

1950
1900

1970

Castings(IS:202andIS:617)
Al 99.0

A-O

1900

ALLOYING ELEMENTSAND THEIR


MEAN PERCENTAGES

AI-Cu Alioys
A-l

CU
7.0,Si 3.0,Zn 3.0
Cu 4.5,Ti0.18

Cu 9.8, Fe 1.0, Mg 0.25


Cu 4.0, Ni 2.0, Mg 1.4
Cu 2.2, Si 1.3, Ni 1.2, Mg l-1,
Fe 1.1, Ti O-18
cu 4.5
Cu 4.5, Si 2.5

A-11
A-12
A-14
A-15

2447
2280
2585
2285
2148

A-25
A-26

2200
2240

A-2
A-4

4520
4223

ALSi Alloys
Si 10.2, CU 1.6
Si 5.0, Cu 3.0, hln O-50
8

Is 16951-1970
ALLOYINGELEMENTS
AND
THEIR MEAN PERCENTAGBS

OLD DESI~JNATION NEW DESKSNATION

Al-S Alloys
Si Il.5

Si.4.a, Mg 055
Si 11~5, Mn 0.50, Mg 040
Si 12.0, Ni 2.5, Mg l-2, Cu @90
Si 5-0, Cu l-2, Mg @50
Si 11.5, Ni 3.0
Si 5.2
Si 50, Cu 3.3, Mn O-45
Si 8.5, CU 3.5
Si 7.0, Mg O-30

A-6
A-8
A-9
A-13
AL16
A-17
A-18
A-22
A-24
A-27

4600
4250
4635
4685
4225
4680
4300
4223
4420
4450

A-5
A-10

5230
5500

Al-Mg Alloys
Mg 4-5, Mn 0.50
Mg 10.2

INDIAN

STANDARDS

and Its Alloys

Aluminium
IS:
23-1965
202-1966

Primary
(virgin ) aluminium
aircraft purposes ( smnd
r&ion
Aluminium
revision

casting

alloy

notched

bars

and

ingots

for remelting

for

i,ngots and castings

for aircraft

purposes

(second

617-1959

Aluminium
and aluminium
purposes ( revised )

733-1967

Wrought aluminium
and aluminium
alloys,
general engineering purposes ) ( jfst fevi&a )

734.1967

Wrought aluminium
and aluminium
alloys, forging
general engineering purposes ) (first revision)

736-1965

Wrought
aluminium
purposes ) ( revised )

aluminium

alloys,

plate ( for general

737-1965

Wrought
aluminium
and aluminium
engineering purposes ) ( revised )

alloys,

sheet

738-1966

Wrought
aluminium
and aluminium
engineering purposes ) ( r&cd )

739-1966

Wrought aluminium
purposes ) ( rcviscd )

740-1966

Wrought
aluminium
apd aluminium
engineering purposes ) ( r&cd )

1284-1966

Wrought
aluminium
and aluminium
general engineering purposes ) ( revised )

1285-1968

Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys, extruded round


sections ( for general engineering purposes ) (JFrslrevision )

1841-1961

Rolled

2067-1962

Wrought
overhead

2590-1964

Primary

3435-1968

99 percent secondary
aircraft purposes

3436-1966

Aluminium-clad

aluminium
aluminium
conductors
aluminium

and

alloy ingots and castings for general

alloys,

and aluminium

rods ( electrical

alloys,

ingots for remelting


aluminium

aluminium

wire

alloys,

purposes,

rods and

and

(for

tpbe

(for
rivet

bolt

(for

general
stock

and

(other

( for

general
general

engineering
(for

screw

general

stock

(for

tube and hollow

grade ) for electrical


wire

(for

engineering

strip

purposes

than that used for

for general engineering

notched

sections

stock and forgings

drawn

alloys,

conductor

for electrical
)

bars,

engineering

purposes

bars and ingots for remelting

for

alloy sheet, strip and coil for aircraft purposes

4026-1969

Aluminium

!jO&?-1969

Wrought aluminium
electrical purposes

ingots ( EC Grade ) (first revision )


and aluminium

5484.1969

FC Grade aluminium

rod produced

alloy

bars, rods,

by continuous

tubes and sections

casting

and rolling

for

/----

_________
___

--

_._.__
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___-.

_._

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