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Rubidium y A 85.4678 |__ 87.62 i) 88.9059 | § 2 55 56 Cs Cesium Francium (226) eon we) Concept Map ede Trust of more than ae | Ac | rh Che am rk is We Answered *| CHEMISTRY tQuday Vol. XXII May 2014 Corporate Office: Plot 98, Secor 44 institutional are, Gurgaon -122 003 (HR). Tel -0124-4951200 email: infotmigin website: wa gin Regd. Office 406, Tj Apartment, Near Safdarjung Hospital, Ring Road, New Delhi- 110023, Managing Editor: Mahabir Singh Editor Anil Ahlawat (BE, MBA) Chemistry Musing Problem Set 104 ME JEE Final Touch Class Xil 6 Last 3 Years Chapterwise Questions H JEE Main 7 Solved Paper 2014 mals 33 Practice Paper 2014 m BiTsaT a Practice Paper 2014 (Full Length) H_NCERT Corner Class XI-XIl 68 JE Advanced 5 Practice Paper 2014 You Asked, We Answered 84 Periodic Table and 86 General Trends of the Elements [Chemistry Musing Solution Set9-89 rt iad ak aly abi, Soh Sen ‘ene Ars famed te DAL Rote oan as rw an See tte afc pd amare ‘Mess eee ay rm rd edit EO rial The Secret of Success of Nobel Prize Winners T: method of achieving success in any sphere of activity is to set your goal lite high and after aching this goal, set the next goals alvays a little higher than the earlier one, Never look back what you have covered but look only forward. This was practised by nt only all The Nobel Prize Winners’ but also by every successful person in every field Every scientist should be an expert in his field of specilisation as well as every field he touches A study of the history of scientists and their discoveries will be very useful to expand the vision. One should be very sensitive to the vibrations of science Linus Pauling is an example to not only chemists but also to anybody ‘working in any field, The fear that this winner of two Nobel Prizes for Chemistry as well as Peace) could be working on RNA and DNA problems also, drove Crick and Watson to work overtime to complete their work and ‘win the Nobel Prize! ‘The fear of competition or the pleasure of competition will dive a person to success All our students would have known the name Milka Singh, the fing sith. He had only one competitor —himselt He was madly trying to overtake his own previous record the earlier day. This comgetition continued, The lesson is to compete with ourselves, bettering ourselves every day. Every student of every branch is vey important for our country The discovery of chromatic analysis of botanical samples is very important raw with the application of the improved version of chromatography in rhuclear science as well as petroleum science. Every person has a special talent and every branch of science is important Today or tomorrow, the future is yours. Anil Ablawat Editor subecrbeonine at wwvw.mtg.in Individual Subscription Rates Combined Subscription Rates ‘yr yes. 3yes, yk yrs Sys Wathematier Today 300” Sa) G75 PCM 800 —*1200——*1700, ChemisryTodsy 30050075 Pc 80012001700, PryssFervou 300500675. CMB 50015002100, Biolog/Today 300500675, Send B.D. in favour of RATG Learning Media () Ltd. Payments should be made directly to: MTG Leaming Media (P) td, Plot Wo. 98, Secor 4, Gurgaon. 122003 (Haryana) ohare ot spi any subscription ago CHEMISTRY TODAY IWyay'id 3 MUSING Cm ‘Musing was started from August '13 issue of Chemistry Today with the suggestion of Shri Mahabir Singh. The aim ‘of Chemistry Musing is to augment the chanoes of bright students preparing for JEE (Main and Advanced) / AIPMT / AlIMS / Other PMTs & PETS with addtional study material. In every issue of Chemistry Today, 10 challenging problems are proposed in various topics of JEE (Main and Advancsa) / AIPMT. ‘The detailed solutions of these problems willbe published in next issue of Chemistry Today. The readers who have solved five or more problems may send their solutions. The names of those who send atleast five correct solutions will be published in the next issue. Wee hope that our readers wil enrich their problem solving skils through ‘Chemistry Musing’ and stand in better stead while facing the competitive exams. PROBLEY Set10 | EEE 4. Which of the following species are aromatic? 1. For the following conversion: 4 [De Scat} 4 H,0 > cH Alcohol Alkene Methyleneeycopenians the reagents (X), (Y) and (Z) are respectively (@) alk. KMnO,, Zn-Fig/cone. HCI, Cu/300 °C (©) Na;Cr,O7/dil. H;S0y anhy. ZnCl; Sn/HCl (6) OyhO, LiAIH, cone. HSOyA (a) None of the above. The following reaction takes place during discharging of lead-storage acid battery: Phys + POOn 45, + ZHS0 sia; —> 2PbSO y+ 2H20¢) If 23 amp of current is drawn for 965 minutes, H,SO, consumed is, (a) 0.75 mol (©) 1.50 mot (©) 2.00 mol (a) 3.50 mol Consider the following statements: 1, TeOyis an acidic oxide. 2. BrP is pyramidal in shape. 3. Except CCl, other tetrahalides of group 14 are easily hydrolysed by water, 4. There are only 12 bonding electronsavailable in diborane. Which of the above statements are correct? (a) 1,2and4 () 1,2and3 (o) 2,3and4 (@) 1,3and4 cme Tooay | "i O74 eam (a) Land I stony (b) 1 Mand tony (©) [Mand TV only (a) Allof these. 5. Lattice energies of BeF,, MgF:, CaF, and BaF, are ~ 2906, ~ 2610, ~ 2459 and ~ 2367 kJ mol respectively. Hydration energies of Be, Mg”, Ca", Ba and Fare ~ 2494, ~ 1921, ~ 1577, ~ 1305 and -457 kJ mol” respectively. Which of the fluorides is soluble in water? (a) BeF, (b) MgF> (©) CaF (A) BaF Solution Senders of Chemistry Musing and ‘Aindam Paul, Kolkata (West Bengal) Souralya Pradhan, Midnapore (West Bengal) Sumit Bish Bikaner Rlasthan) Mahesh Khundrakoam (Manipur) AVN Prasad, Guwahati (Assam) Sumi Dey, alpaigut (West Bengal) Fan 1. Seumyodi Sen Pura Wes engl) 2. esa Mia, okra Wes Berge 3. Rahul Warangal Andhra Prdest JEE ADVANCED 6. The combustion of 68.3 g of ZnS at constant pressure gives off 320 kJ of heat. Calculate AF for this reaction: 2 Zn8py + 3. Oye) —% 2ZAO,y +2 S03.) (a) edge centres (©) body diagonals (b) body centres (d) face diagonals. 8. A certain oxide of metal M crystallises in such a way that O* ions occupy /icp arrangement following ABAB ... pattern. The metal ions, however, occupy 2/3" of the octahedral voids. a) ~ 881 Ki/mol ) = 9169 kj /mol © be i iano ‘The formula of the compound is (©) +881 kJ/mol (2) +9169 kj/mol (a) M203 (b) M30 | COMPREHENSION | ; CMM © ids ee Packing refers to the arrangement of constituent units in such a way that the forces of attraction INTEGER VALUE among the constituent particles are maximum and |g the constituents occupy the maximum available space. In two dimensions, there are square close ‘Total number of the following ethers that can be prepared by Williamson synthesis is packing and hexagonal close packing. In three CallsCH,OC.Hy CHOC, dimensions, however, there are hexagonal close (CH3);COCH;CH;,_ (CHs)sCOC(CH))s, packing, cubic close packing and body-centred cubic CcHSOCH:CH, — CHSOCH.CHs packing, 10. Total number of possible geometrical isomers for 7. In closed packed lattice tetrahedral voids are the complex [PHCN)(B1)(PPhy\(NH,)] is located at an CLASSROOM STUDY MATERIAL VME ee Ce CR a great offer from MTG offers “Classroom MTGstuay Material” for JEE (Main & Advanced), AIPMT and FOUNDATION MATERIAL for Class 8, 9, 10, 11 & 12 with YOUR BRAND NAME & COVER DESIGN This study material will save you lots of money spent on teachers, typing, proof-reading and printing. Also, you will save enormous time Normally, a good study material takes 2 years to develop. But you can have the material printed with your logo delivered at your doorstep Profit from associating with MTG Brand — the most popular name in educational publishing for JEE (Main & Advancea)/AIPMIT/PMT .. Order sample chapters on Phone/Faxie-mail Phone : 0124-4951200, 09312680856 e-mail : sales@mtg.in | www.mtg.in Your logo here ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY | \ay'14 5 ‘The arrangement of X”ions around A° ion in solid AX is given in the figure (not drawn to scale). If the radius of X“is 250 pm, the radius of A’ is (a) 104 pm (&) 125 pm (©) 183 pm (a) 57 pm 2 compound M,X, has cubic close packing (cp) arrangement of X. Its unit cell structure is shown below. The empirical formula of the compound is (2013) (a) MX (&) MX> () MaX (@) MsXuy (2012) 3. The number of hexagonal faces that are present ina truncated octahedron is. (Integer Type, 2011) 4. Benzene and naphthalene form an ideal solution at room temperature. For this process, the true statement(s) is (are) (a) AGis positive (b) AS.ystem is positive (©) AScurroundings 0 (d) AH=0 (2013) For a dilute solution containing, 2.5 g of a non- 6 cuemistay Topayl war's a Last 3 Years Chapterwise Questions CLASS 12 volatile, non-electrolyte solution in 100 g of water, the elevation in boiling point at 1 atm pressure is 2 °C. Assuming concentration of solute is much lower than the concentration of solvent, the vapour pressure (mm of Hg) of the solution is (take Ky = 0.76 K kg mol) (a) 724 (&) 740 (©) 736 @ 718 6. The freezing point (in °C) of a solution containing O11 g of Ks[Fe(CN)g] (Mol. wt. 329) in 100 of water (Kj= 1.86 K kg mol") is (a) -2.3* 107 (b) -5.7«107 (© -57 «10% (@ -12*107 gop 7. An aqueous solution of X is added slowly to an. aqueous solution of Y as shown in List I. The variation in conductivity of these reactions is given in List Il. Match List I with List Il and select the correct answer using the code given below the (2012) lists: List I List 11 P. | (GHs);N +CH,COOH 1. | Conductivity 9 “ decreases and then increases Q./KI@.1M)+ (9 AgNOs (0.01 M) o 2. | Conductivity decreases and then does not change much, Conductivity increases and then does not change much Conductivity docs not change much and then increases R. CH;COOH + KOH 3 a o 5. |NaOH +HI 4. oO oo P QR 8s (a) 3 4 2 1 4 3 2 1 (2 3 4 1 (di = 3 2 (2013) 8. The standard reduction potential data at 25 °C is given below: E*(Fe™, Fe) = + 0.77 V; E%(Fe™, Fe) E-(Cu™, Cu) = +034 V; E%Cu’, Cu} E°[Oyg) + 4H? + 4e° > 2H,0] = + 1.23 V; E5[Ong + 2H0-+-4e° > 40H] = +040 V E(Ce*, Cr) =- 0.74 V; EXCH", Cr) =- 0.91 V o4ay 052V Match F° of the redox pair in List with the values given in List Il and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: List I List IT P_E*(Fe™, Fe) 1-018 QE 4khO 4H 40H) 2-04 RL B(Cue* + Cu 2Cu’) 3. -0.04V S. [E(Ce*, cr) 4, -0.83V Po QR Ss @4o1 2 3 2 3 4 1 1 2 3 4 @s 4 1 2 (2013) Paragraph for Questions 9 and 10 The electrochemical cell shown below is a concentration cet MIM?" (saturated solution of a sparingly soluble salt, MXo) | M°* (0.001 mol dm”) | M ‘The emf of the cell depends on the difference in concentrations of M*" ions at the two electrodes. The ‘emf of the cell at 298 K is 0.059 V. 9. The value of AG (kJ mol”) for the given cell is (take 1 F = 96500 C mot") (a) -57 &) 57 4 @ -114 (2012) 10. ‘The solubility product (Ky; mol? dm) of MX) at 298 K based on the information available for the given concentration cel is (take 2.303 * R x 298/F 9V) fa) 110% () 4x10 (¢) 1x10" (@) 4x10? (2012) AgNO) fq) was added to an aqueous KCI solution gradually and the conductivity of the solution ‘was measured. The plot of conductance (A) versus the volume of AgNOs is uy, 8 cuemistay Toba war's vel () (Q) Volume Vorume (R) (8) (a) P (b) @ 112. Consider the following cell reaction: 2Pe jy) + Ong) + 4H’ (aq) —> 2Fe™ aq) + 2H2O py; B= 167V At [Fe”] = 10° M, p(Q,) = 0.1 atm and pH = 3, the cell potential at 25 °C is () 147V, () L7V ( 187V (@) 157 on) Caza 13, In the reaction, P + Q > R +S the time taken for 75% reaction of P is twice the time taken for 50% reaction of P. The concentration of Q varies with reaction time as shown in the figure. The overall order of the reaction is, (2) Wl Time (2 ) 3 © 0 (@1 (2013) 14, An organic compound undergoes first, order decomposition. The time taken for its decomposition to 1/8 and 1/10 of its initial concentration are ts and fy;19 respectively. What tvs) hyo! is the value of X10? (take logy) 2= 0.3) (Integer Type, 2012) 15, For the first order reaction, 2N;05) —> ANO 740) + Ong) (a) the concentration of the reactant decreases exponentially with time (b) the half-life of the reaction decreases with increasing temperature 16, VW. 18. (©) the half-life of the reaction depends on the initial concentration of the reactant (d) the reaction proceeds to 99.6% completion in eight half-life duration. (2011) Methylene blue, from its aqueous solution, is adsorbed on activated charcoal at 25 °C. For this process, the correct statement is (a) the adsorption requires activation at 25 °C (b) the adsorption is accompanied by a decrease inenthalpy the adsorption increases with inctease of temperature the adsorption is irreversible. ) (d) (2013) Choose the correct reason(s) for the stability of the lyophobic colloidal particles. (a) Preferential adsorption of ions on their surface from the solution. Preferential adsorption of solvent on their surface from the solution. Attraction between different particles having opposite charges on their surface. Potential difference between the fixed layer and the diffused layer of opposite charges around the colloidal particles. (2012) The given graphs/data I, I, IM and IV represent general trends observed for different physisorption and chemisorption processes under mild conditions of temperature and pressure, Which of the following choice(s) about I, IL Ill and IV is(are) correct? (b) q 3 2 2 7 Pra i 200K 250k a z 3 *e__ Migs S150 ma! 9. (a) is physisorption and Il is chemisorption. (©) Lis physisorption and IIL is chemisorption. (©) IV is chemisorption and Il is chemisorption. (a) IV is chemisorption and IIL is chemisorption. (2012) The correct statement(s) pertaining to the adsorption of a gas on a solid surface is (are) (a) adsorption is always exothermic (b) physisorption may transform into chemisorption at high temperature (©) physisorption increases with increasing temperature but chemisorption decreases with increasing temperature chemisorption is more exothermic than physisorption, however itis very slow due to higher energy of activation, (d) 01) 20. 21. 23. Sulphide ores are common for the metals (a) Ag Cuand Pb (b) Ag, Cuand Sn (©) Ag MgandPb — (d) Al, Cuand Pb (2013) ‘The carbon-based reduction method is NOT used for the extraction of (a) tin from SnO} (b) iron from Fez} (©) aluminium from ALO, (a) magnesium from MgCOsCaCOs (2013) . In the cyanide extraction process of silver from argentite ore, the oxidizing and reducing agents used are (a) Op and CO respectively (b) O3 and Zn dust respectively (©) HNOs and Zn dust respectively (a) HINO; and CO respectively. Extraction of metal from the ore cassiterite involves (a) carbon reduction of an oxide ore () } @ (2012) self-reduction of a sulphide ore removal of copper impurity removal of iron impurity, om 2a. Concentrated nitric acid, upon long, standing, turns yellow-brown due to the formation of (@) NO (b) NO, () NO (@) NOx (2013) . Upon treatment with ammoniacal HS, the metal ion that precipitates as a sulphide is, (a) Fe dit) (b) Alda © Mg qi) (a) Zn) (2013) ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way'ia 9 26. The correct statement(s) about Oy is(are) (a) O—O bond lengths are equal (b) thermal decomposition of O; is endothermic (6), Osis diamagnetic in nature (d) Os has a bent structure. (2013) Paragraph for Questions 27 and 28 The reactions of Cl. gas with cold-dilute and hot-concentrated NaOH in water give sodium salts, of two (different) oxoacids of chlorine, P and Q, respectively. The Cly gas reacts with SO; gas, in presence of charcoal, to give a product R. R reacts with white phosphorus to give a compound S On hydrolysis, § gives an oxoacid of phosphorus, T. 27. R, Sand T respectively, are (a) $O2Ch, PCls and H3PO. (b) $O2Ch, PCI; and HyPOs (6) SOCk, PCIs and HyPO2 (d) SOCk, PCIs and HyPOs (2013) 28, P and Q respectively, are the sodium salts of (a)_hypochlorous and chlotic acids (b) hypochlorous and chlorus acids (©) chloricand perchloric acids (d) chloric and hypochlorous acids. (2013) Paragraph for Questions 29 and 30 An aqueous solution of a mixture of two inorganic salts, when treated with dilute HCl, gave a precipitate (P) and a filtzate (Q). The precipitate (P) was found to dissolve in hot water. The filtrate (Q) remained unchanged, when treated with HyS in a dilute mineral acid medium. However, it gave a precipitate (R) with H,S in an ammoniacal medium. ‘The precipitate (R) gave a coloured solution (5), when treated with HO. inn aqueous NaOH medium. 29. The coloured solution $ contains (@) FexS0,)y (0) CuSO, (©) ZnSO; (@ NaCrO, (2013) 30, The precipitate P contains (a) Pb (b) Hg?" fo) Ag (@) Hg” (2013) 31. The unbalanced chemical reactions given in List I show missing reagent or condition (2) which are provided in List II. Match List I with List Il and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : 410 cuemistay Topav war's P poo. + H280; > PbSO, +02 +other product Q | Na,S.0;+H,0 > NaHso, | 2 | +other product Ro NaH, 5 N; + other product | 3: | Warm S. |XeF, —+ Xe + other product | 4 | C2 PQR s @42 3 1 3 2 1 4 (14 2.3 @3 4 2 1 2013) 32, Which of the following hydrogen halides react(s) with AgNOs to give a precipitate that dissolves in NaS,Oye5?? (a) HCL (© HBr (&) HE (4) HI Paragraph for Questions 33 and 34 Bleaching powder and bleach solution are produced on a large scale and used in several household products. The effectiveness of bleach solution is often measured by iodometry. (2012) 33. Bleaching powder contains a salt of an oxoacid as one of its components. The anhydride of that (b) Cho; (d) CLO, (2012) 34. 25 mL of household bleach solution was mixed with 30 mL of 0.50 M KI and 10 mL of 4 N acetic acid. In the titration of the liberated iodine, 48 mL. of 0.25 N NazS;03 was used to reach the end point. The molarity of the household bleach solution is, (a) 048M (b) 096M. (© 024M (a) 0.024M (2012) 35. Extra pure No can be obtained by heating (a) NH3with CuO (6) NHsNOs (0) (NH)pCr2Oy (da) Ba(Na)o (om) 36, Passing H,S gas into a mixture of Mn”, Ni*, Cu?" and Hg” ions in an acidified aqueous solution precipitates (a) CuSand HS (b)_MnS and CuS (© MnSand Nis (d) NiS and HgS. 2011) 37. Among the following, the number of compounds that can react with PCls to give POCI; is Oz, CO $0z,H;0, HzS0y,P\Oj) (Integer Type, 2011) 38. Consider the following complex ions, P, Q and R. P= [FeF el, Q=[ViHO}4)* and R = [Fe(Hz0).1" The correct order of the complex ions, according to their spin-only magnetic moment values (in BM.) is (a) R Brownish-yellow E je White precipitate + Brownish-yellow filtrate os N28,05 Colourless solution (a) The first reaction is a redox reaction. (b) White precipitate is Zng[Fe(CN) cb. (6) Addition of filtrate to starch solution gives blue colour. (d) White precipitate is soluble in NaOH solution, (2012) Paragraph for Questions 41 to 43 When a metal rod M is dipped into an aqueous colourless concentrated solution of compound N, the solution turns light blue. Addition of aqueous NaCl to the blue solution gives a white precipitate O. Addition ‘of aqueous NHs dissolves O and gives an intense blue solution. 41. The metal rod M is (a) Fe (c) Ni 42. The compound N is (a) AgNOs (b) Zn(NOs)> (c) AK(NOs)3 (d) Pb(NO3)> 43. The final solution contains 5 (a) [Pb(NH),]** and [CoC (©) [AI(NH)4)" and [Cu(NH5)s1* (c) [Ag(NHs)3]" and [Cu(NH3)4]°" (a) [Ag(NHa)p|" and [Ni(NH),]?" (corr) 44, Reduction of the metal centre in aqueous permanganate jon involves (®) Cu (@) Co (oi) (2011) (a) 3electrons in neutral medium (b) 5 electrons in neutral medium (©) 3electrons in alkaline medium, (a) 5 electrons in acidic medium. om 45, The pa exhibiting the same kind of isomerism is(are) (a). [Cr(NH)sCI]Clz and [Cr(NH)\Cla]Cl (b) [Co(NH;)Clp]” and [P(NH3)2(H20)C1 (©) [CoBryCl* and [PtBe,Cl]™ (A) [Pt(NHg)s(NO3)JCl and [Pt(NH) CBr (2013) 5) of coordination complexes/ions 46. EDTAT is ethylenediaminetetraacetate ion. The total number of N-Co—O bond angles in [Co(EDTA)]*" complex ion is (integer Type, 2013) 47. As per IUPAC nomenclature, the name of the complex [Co(H20),(NH3)2ICls is (a) tetraaquadiaminecobalt(II1) chloride (©) tetraaquadiamminecobalt(IID) chloride (2) diaminetetraaquacobalt(II}) chloride (A) diamminetetraaquacobalt(II) chloride, (2012) 48. NiClIP(CsHs)x(CeH)]2 exhibits temperature dependent magnetic behaviour (paramagnetic! diamagnetic). The coordination geometries of Ni** in the paramagnetic and diamagnetic states are respectively (@) tetrahedral and tetrahedral (©) square planar and square planar (©) tetrahedral and square planar (a) square planar and tetrahedral. en) 49. Geometrical shapes of the complexes formed by the reaction of Ni” with Cl, CN” and H,0 respectively, are (a) octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar (b) tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral (©) square planar, tetrahedral and octahedral (a) octahedral, square planar and octahedral. eon 50. Among the following complexes (K-P), K: Ka[Fe(CN) 5 L:[Co(NHs)6ICls, M:Nas{Co(oxalate)s|,_N: [Ni(H20)sICly, O:KAPX(CN),) and P: [Zn(H;0)6|(NO3), the diamagnetic complexes are (@) KLM.N ) K.M,0,P (© LMO,P (@) LM.N,O Go ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way ‘i411 4 51. KI in acetone, undergoes Sx2 reaction with each 5 q of P,Q, Rand S. The rates of the reaction vary as 0 ly 9 ‘o- cue > Br a nck Ha NG ar ° g ” @ ® 6 Q @ x (a) P>Q>R>S —— (b) S>P>R>Q ¢ () P>R>Q>S — (@) R>P>S>Q (2013) 0K p-onet 52. Which of the given statement(s) about N, O, P and con Qwith threes toM ion) correct? 54. The compound that does NOT liberate COs, on a treatment with aqueous sodium bicarbonate fon 3 HO. iste '8s solution, is om (a) benzoic acid a (b) benzenesulphoniec acid (©) salicylic acid CH, fh, (a) carbolic acid (phenol) 2013) H OH 55. In the following reaction, the product(s) formed HO“ PMH is (are) a OH 6 o (a) M and N are non-mirror image stereo- ACh isomers. oF (b) Mand O are identical (©) Mand P are enantiomers. () Mand Qare identical (2012) ° 53. The major product of the following reaction is ° y Kon | NH => HC “CHC, 6 om Oars @ ° OH e CHO ee, @) N—cH, Br cf % yc! “cHch cu, o 2p & (a) P (major) (©) Q (minor) a Cr Spree (© Rminor) (@) S(major) 2013) & 56, The major product(s) of the following reaction is O (are) 12. cHEmistaY TODAY | wave 57. OH aqueous Br, @0 equivalents) SosHt Ou oH Br Br Br Br Br * @ OH OH Br Br Br By Br Br SOjH cc) ie (a) P (b) (OR @s (2013) Match the chemical conversions in List I with the appropriate reagents in List Il and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists List List IL PS a 1. |@ HgOAo:; TO Nat 2 | >—oNa—>.>—ont 2 | NaOkt R OH 3. EtBr GX 8. 4. | BHy Y— arg i) H2O2/ You | MOH PQ R 8 @2 3 1 4 3 2 1 4 2 3 4 1 M3 2 4 1 (2013) . The major product of the following reaction is RCHOH HY (anhydrous) (a) ahemiacetal (©) anether (©) an acetal (a) anester. on) 58. 60. ‘The total number of carboxylic acid groups in the product P is, o 9 Lao! 20) SHO. o 0 (Integer Type, 2013) After completion of the reactions (I and I), the organic compound(s) in the reaction mixtures is(are) , A, triton Reaction 1: HxC” CH (ome) ° , Br (.0 mel Reaction I: HyC” CH So (oma) i XL in Sct HC” “CBr, ° @ A BrHi,C” ~CH,Br 6 A HyC” “ONa CHBr, 0 © (a) Reaction I: P and Reaction II: P (©) Reaction I: U, acetone and Reaction Il: Q, acetone (©), Reaction I: T, U, acetone and Reaction Il: P (a) Reaction I: R, acetone and Reaction II: S, acetone (2013) Paragraph for Questions 61 and 62 Pand Qare isomers of dicarboxylic acid CsHyOs. Both decolorize Bro/H;0. On heating, P forms the cyclic anhydride, Upon treatment with dilute alkaline KMnO,, P as well as Q could produce one or more than one form S,TandU, ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way'i4 13 COOH COOH COOH ubon nton non H——-OH = HO--H H—-OH COOH COOH COOH © o wo 61, In the following reaction sequences V and W are, respectively Hy Sy 1. ZnCl iy Bia tenttos) w vee: a HPO, 9 "Orm OO ° ° o co) CH,OH is CH,OH Oo oO HOH,C. ood Crh ‘CH,OH ‘CH,OH (2013) 62. Compounds formed from P and Q are, respectively, (a) optically active § and optically active pair ru) qr, u) (©). optically active pair (T, LI and optically active S (d) optically inactive pair (7, U) and optically inactive S, (2013) 14° cuemistay Toba war's . The carboxyl functional group (~COOH) is present in (a) picric acid (b) barbituric acid (© ascorbicacid ——(d) aspirin, (2012) The number of aldol reaction(s) that occurs in the given transformation is HO -OH CH,CHO + 4H1CHO S28 28-S08 uf 5 Hot on (@ 1 () 2 3 (a) 4 (2012) Identify the binary mixture(s) that can be separated into individual compounds, by differential extraction, as shown in the given scheme, NOH Binary mixture Compound containing, nT ‘compound | (compour’) and compound? |] sanco, , Compound 1 Compound 2 (a) CcHsOH and CsHsCOOH (b) C;HsCOOH and CyHsCH,OH (©) CoHsCH.OH and C,HsOH (d) CgHsCH20H and C,HsCH;COOH — (2012) . The major product H of the given reaction sequence is 98% S04 CH,—CH,—CO-CH, Sg @) CH,-cH=¢—cooHt CH, (b) CHy-CH=¢—CN CH, on (9) CH,—CH,-¢-COOH CH, (@) CHy-CH=¢-CO—NH, (2012) cH, 67. The compound that undergoes decarboxylation most readily under mild condition is coor CH,COOH (a) COOH coon oO COOH (b) ©) CH,COOH o (@ (2012) Paragraph for Questions 68 and 69 In the following reaction sequence, the compound Jis an intermediate. ia (CrcO,0, HPC H,COONG? | “H)SOCT, (6) andy. Cl, J (CoHyOy) gives effervescence on treatment with NaHCO; and a positive Baeyer’s test 68. The compound lis 7. Ow -H (a) Ox -CH, wo O The compound Kis OH () d H HAY @ (2012) 69, *“ OD “OQ oO (2012) ‘0 a CO 70. With reference to the scheme given, which of the given statement(s) about 7, U, V and W is (are) correct? ° 0 HC? |: coy” excess ™ U—aicoe (a) Tis soluble in hot aqueous NaOH. (b) Uis optically active. (©) Molecular formula of W is CyoFTisOs. (a) V_ gives effervescence on treatment with aqueous NaHCO3, 2012) Among the following compounds, the most acidic is (a)_ p-nitrophenol (©) p-hydroxybenzoie acid (©) o-hydroxybenzoic acid (a) prtoluic acid. eo E: Amongst the compounds given, the one that would form a brilliant coloured dye on treatment with NaNO, in dil. HCl followed by addition to an alkaline solution of (naphthol is N(CHS). IHCH. orm oor ‘NH, ‘CH,NH; 0 Condensation 9 % polymer i) De-(CHH PCA heat (a) X=COOCH3, Y= Hy/Ni/heat (&) X=CONH, Y=H/Ni/heat (© X=CONH, Y=Br/NaOH (a) X=CN, Y= H,/Nifheat. com 1. (a): Cation A* occupies octahedral void arrangement by anion X". poate me fata +» Radius of X~ (ry-)= 250 pm| 3p OAIt (rx) pm] yy = O14 * 250 = 103.5 = 104 pm 2 (b): Contribution by 8 X atoms present at the comers= 18 =1 ase Contribution by 6 X atoms present at the face 1 centres = 65 =5 Total Xatoms=341=4 Contribution by 4 M atoms present at edge centres= 4x4 =1 7 1M atom present at body centre contributes completely to 1 unit cell ‘Thus, total M atoms in one unit cell = 1 +1=2 Ratiois M:X =2:401:2 ‘Thus, empirical formula is MX2. 3. (8) : The truncated octahedron isa fourteen-sided polyhedron composed of eight hexagonal and six square faces. 4, (bed) : For an ideal solution, (i) AG<0; for mixing (mixing is spontaneous) (i) AS.jstem > 0; because disorder increases. (Gli) AS.yq¢=0;n0 heat is exchanged in case of ideal solution. (iv) Anic0; no heat is absorbed or evolved. 2 Wy, x 1000 25 =F? _ 5100 XW, (in grams) _M, «100 2 _ 25x10 076M; 25x10 M, x076 P “soivent — Psotute P “lvent Powvent™ 1 atm = 760 mm Hg 760 ~ Pestute _ 251 Mz 760 100/18 yo 2SR2 18 Protute “35x10 «076 100 760-Psotute=36 => Psotute 724mm Hg, (a) : Ka[Fe(CN),] is an electrolyte. Degree of dissociation, /= nt (no. of ions). K,[Fe(CN)] —> 3K" + [Fe(CN) 63 i=4 AT y= iKymn 760 - 760 Wy 1000 Wo 1000, M, W 4 1000 =4x1.86% 24 x PP 235x107 °C 329 "100 AT, =i Ky x Tye-2.3%107 °C [. AT; 0°C- Ty (a) + P: (CgHs)3N + CH;COOH — CH3COO “(ayy wo i) + (CoHs)sNH™ Initially, conductivity increases due to ion formation after that it becomes practically constant because X alone cannot form ions. Q: KI(0.1 M)+ AgNO; (0.01 M) > Aglt + KNO3 ® o Number of ions in the solution remains constant until all the AgNO; precipitated as Agl, thereafter conductivity increases due to increase in number of ions. R: CH,COOH + KOH CH,COOK + H;0 a Initially, conductivity decreases due to the decrease in the number of OH” ions thereafter it slowly increases due to increase in number of H” ions. S: NaOH +HI— Nal +H;0 0 Initially, conductivity decreases due to decrease in H1 jons and then increases due to increase in OF ions 10. Fo +e Fe” Fett +26 Fe Fe +3e" > Fe; AG, 1Rx0.77 4+ 2F x 044 TPKE tre (a: P: AGS = AG + AGE ~ SPX ES 5. 0.77 F+0.88F Re ~3E° =0.11V Foire . ony Fire 3 Q:2H,05 0, + 4H +46"; E=-123V 02-4 2H,0 +42 40H; E°=+0.40.V 0,036 V ~ 0.04 V 41,0 4H" +401; E°=-0.83 V R: Cu’ +20" Cu; E°=+034V 2Cu > 2Cu" + 26; EP + -0.52V cu 0.18 V S: Crt +36 Crj AG? Cr C4 26° | AGE Cr 4 9 Cr AGP == IF x Puce AG} = AG? + AGE + OF 0.74 2F x0.91 ~ PRES 55 = 222-182 F=04 F Fepayegt = OAV (a): AG=-nEF As M -2° —>M* Thus, n=2 AG =~2 * 0,059 » 96500 =~ 11,387 J/mol =-114 kJ/mol (b) : For concentration cell, sa1,_ C, Eig = Die, Jog HS. Crass) Ec = 0.059 V, Cogzeis) = 0.001 mol dm? 0.059 = 2.0591 2.001 G mp 20059 1g 200 nto oor 7 = 6-28 L105 100 C; = concentration or solubility of M?* = 107 mol dm? MX_ MP4 2X- so Kay (MITT = 5(28)? = 45° Kyy=4 (105)3 <4 107 mol? dm CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way 'i4 17 un. 2 13. a. 18 (a): When AgNOs reacts with KCI, AgNOs¢ a9) + KClq) —> ABCg + KNO3(an) ie, Ag’+K! +Cl +NO; —> KNO3+ Agcl In this titration, initially the conductance does not change very much because the CI” ions are replaced by NO} ions; both have almost same ionic conductances. After the end point is passed, the excess of the added (je, addition of volume of reagent) salt causes a sharp increase in the conductance. (d): Anode: [Fey —> Fey) +2] «2 Cathode : Ory) * 4H ay * 4° —> 2H20 49 Deg + O2 ) + 4H oq) —> 2Fe* ay) + HO re Pao? Po, XH 0.1xc0)* So, 2Feq)+ Ong) + 4H (az) —> 2Fe™ (aq) + 220 n= 4 (no. of electrons involved) From Nemst equation, 9 0.0591 Feo = Eran, 08. 0.0591, oy ott 21.67 Ot hog OO tes (= 1074} ¢ oxqo3e FN = 167-008-157 V (a) : For P, if tygy, = x then ty5x, = 2x. So order with respect to P is 1. From the given graph, concentration of Q decreases linearly with time, So, rate with respect to Q, remains constant. Hence, order of reaction with respect to Q is zero. The rate law expression; r=MPT'TQ? So, overall order is 1 +0 : og 2 (=f at typ) ty = bog 2303 098 fi) When t= tyr @=ay/10 typ = tog = 83 t6g10 i) Ee MOE From eq (i) and (i), we get tush 19-2858 10 =o" Tino 2.303 x logi0 3 188 19 = 82.19 = S082 X19 log 0 log 10 Tog 10 cchemistay Topay | ave 1B 16. 7. 18. 19. 20. 21. (a,b,d): Fora first order reaction, [A]= [Ale concentration of reactant decreases exponentially with time. se a= 28 This relation shows that half-life is independent of concentration and typ decreases with the increase of temperature. ‘The reaction proceeds to 99.6% completion in eight half-life duration 06 @ For 99.6% ; a=100 ¥=99.6 a- 2303, 100 _ 2.303 Jog 10g250 fone OF topo, 2308 2.4 i) for From eq, (i) and (i) 0.693 2303. 12 toon, 2.303, lyyan = EE DAK yy 7.975 ya By (b); The adsorption of methylene blue on activated charcoal is physical adsorption. It is accompanied by a decrease in enthalpy. (ad) (a,<) : In physisorption, as temperature increases, the extent of adsorption decreases thus, graph Tis physisorption. Chemisorption first increases with increase in temperature upto a certain extent and then decreases regularly thus, graph lischemisorption, In chemisorption, attractive forces between adsorbent and adsorbate molecules are strong chemical bonds, thus enthalpy of adsorption is high and of the order 80 -240 kJ/mol. Asin graph IV, AHaesorption * 150 ki/mol, thus it also represents chemical adsorption. (abd) (a) : Sulphide ores of Ag — Silver glance (Ag:S); Cu Copper pyrites (CuFeS;) and Pb Galena (PbS). (ca) : AO, and MgCOyCaCO; are reduced by electrolytic reduction method 22, (b): Silver ore is oxidized by using oxygen from air as follows 4Ag + 8NaCN + 2H0 + O;(air) > 4NafAg(CN)] + 4NaOHT Sextum angentocyanide Ag(0) 22225 agian) Silvers precipitated from the solution by addition of Zn powder in a finely divided condition. 2Na[Ag(CN)2] + Zn —> Na,[Zn(CN),] +2Ag_ Sodium zincocyanide gtr) E225 ago) 23, (aed) : Tin is extracted from cassiterite ore Its reduced by carbon SnO; +2C —> Sn +2CO Crude metal contains impurities of Fe, W and Cu. 24, (b) : Nitric acid usually acquires yellow-brown colour due to its decomposition by sunlight into NO), SHINO yy) 8 > AN; + 2H0+0, 25. (d) : HpS gas in presence of NH,Cl and NH,OH is the group reagent for group IV radicals ie. Zn™, Ni*, Mn™ and Co™. eg, Zn?" +H; —> ZnSl + 2H" (White ppt» 26, (acd): 9. 6, oto S, a Ox, -f Xo of No ORY Oxygen-oxygen bond lengths are equal (128 pm). All electrons are’ paired soit is diamagnetic in nature. It has a bent structure. Thermal decomposition of O3 is exothermic process. 20; —*> 30) + 68 kcal 27, (a) : Ch +$0, "5 0,cl, ® 10S0;Cly + Py —> 4PCI5 + 10502 @ © PCI; +4H;0 —> H;PO, + 5HCI © m 28. (a) | C+ 2NaOH yy) > NaCl NaOCI + 1,0 “ 3Cl; + 6NaOH oonc) > SNaCl + NaClO3 +3H;0 @ (P) and (Q) are the salts of hypochlorous acid (HOCH and chloric acid (HCIO}) respectively. 29. (a): Mixture (Pb?/Cr**) il HCL PoC) CrCl, PASMAlhminerat ad ec vO (Dissolve in Filtrate hot water) (HSin COM) ‘ammonincal medium)” CTCOFDs medium) “ “Green (R) (FLO s in HO +Na,CrO, Yellow colour (5) “* nel 30. (a) 31. (d): Pi PO: + H3S0; “> PbSO,+ 1O.+ HAO Qs NayS,0; +5H,0 “Ys aNaHs0, + 8HCI R: NoHy 72> Ny +4HI S: XeF, X25 Xe+2NOF 32. (a¢d): With AgNO, HCl HBr and HI give precipitate. AgNO, + HCI —> AgCl + HNO}, ‘oshite pps AgNO} + HBr —> Agbnd + HNO; {pale yallow ppt) AgNO3+ HI —> Agl + HNO, (ellen pat But HF with AgNO; forms AgP which is soluble in water, AgBr + 2Na;S,03 —> Na,[Ag($;O3)p] + NaBr Sodium argentothiosulphate (colours) Similar reactions are observed with AgCl and Agl. 33. (a) : Bleaching powder is Ca(OCI)CL. Itcontains OCT ion ie, HOCI acid. @oc po? C10 GCL TH atyerice of hypochlorous acid 34, (@) : 2CH\COOH + CaOCl —> (CHjCOO);Ca +H,0+Ch 2KI + Cl —> 2KCI+ Ip 2Naz5203 + Ip —> Na.5,Os + 2Nal 1 millimole of CaOCl; = 1 millimole of Is = 1/2 millimole of NaS; Millimoles of CaOCI, 1 5X 025% 48 =6 2 ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way 'i4 19 35. 37. 39. 40. 20 Molarity « Volume = 6 millimoles Molarity = 25=6 millimoles Molarity of bleach solution = s =0.24M. (a) + 99% pure nitrogen is obtained by reaction of Ni with CuO but extra (highly) pure nitrogen is obtained by NaN or Ba(Ns)z Ba(N3),—*->Ba+3N, . (a) : HySin presence of aqueous acidified solution precipitates group Il radicals only ie., Cu’ and Hg” as sulphides. (5): PCls +80: —> POC! +500, PCIs + HO —> POCK +2HCI 2PCI, + H580, —> 2POCh, + $0;Cly + 2HCL 6PCI, + PO) —> 10POCI, 2PCls +O, E> 2POCI; + 2, (Note : PCy —*-> PCI + Ch, 2PCl, + Op —> 2POCK) . (b) : P= [FeFel Fe“): ATT No. of unpaired electrons = 5 Mognetic moment (y) = Jiu 2) = 567d = 592 BM. Q= (VEO vod): ATT No. of unpaired electrons = 3 Magnetic moment (1!) = /38+2) =V15=3.87 BM, R=[Fe(H,0))" Fea): LTA No. of unpaired electrons = 4 Magnetic moment (u) = (442) 24 = 4.90 BM. The correct order of spin-only magnetic moment values is Q 2Ki[Fe(CN)o] +h. (i) 1 + KI —> Kl; oii) (excess) forownish yellow filtrate) chemistry Topay | yay" a1. a2. 43. 45, 46. 47. K,[Fe(CN)g] + ZnSO, —> K;Zns[Fe(CN)oh> (white ppt Klj+2Na;8;0; —> Na,S,0, + 2Nal + Kl (brownis Golouriess yells filtrate) solution) (a) is correct as in reaction (i), F (-1) is being ‘oxidized to 1,(0) and Fe” is being reduced to Fe™ is incorrect as white precipitate is of K,Zna[Fe(CN)sb2 oF Zno[Fe(CN)] is correct as, kSr+h Fitrate p+starch —> Blue colour (a) is correct as white precipitate of KyZng[Fe(CN)]o or Zno[Fe(CN),] is soluble in NaOH as ZrnFe(CN),] + 8NaOH —> 2Nag|Zn(OH)4] + Nag[Fe(CN)s] Soluble (b) : Cu+2AgNOs —> Cu(NO3)2+2Ag MooON Light be Cu partially oxidizes to Cu(NO})2 and remaining AgNOs reacts with NaCl. @ (©) : AgNOs + NaCl —> AgCN, + NaNO; N © AgCl + 2NH3 —> [Ag(NH,)a]"C Cu(NO,)2 + 4NH; —> [Cu(NH3),)" + 2NO5 Intense be solution (acd): Inalkaline medium, MaOj + 21,0 + 3e° —> MnO) + 40H In acidic medium, MnO, +8H* +5e° —> Mn* + 41,0 In neutral medium, MnOj + 2H,0 + 3° —> MnO, + 40H Hence, number of electrons gained in acidic, basic and neutral media are 5, 3 and 3 respectively. (bd): Complex ions [Co(NH)yCh]" and [Pt(NH,),(H,0)CI)' both will show geometrical (b) © isomerism whereas [Pt(NH3);(NO3)|C1_ and [PQ(NH,;CHBr both will show ionisation isomerism, oO WN @ 48, 49. (c) = Ni: [Ar] 3d 4s? u LI1| 14141 Ni: [Ar] a8 4s? TH 4s » Paramagnetic behaviour is pairing does not take place i¢., 3d-orbital will not participate in bonding and hybridisation will be sp? including 4s and 4p-orbitals thus, structure is tetrahedral. When pairing takes places (in presence of strong field ligand), Nit sa “ 4p LL{ LIL dsp hybridisation dsp” hybridisation, hence square planar structure. Ni?" : Paramagnetic, sp’, tetrahedral Ni®*: Diamagnetic, dsp’, square planar (b) : Ni?* +CP —> [NiCl J? sp" hybridisation, it is tetrahedral. Ni?*+CN° —> [Ni(CN)4]* dsp" hybridisation, it is square planar. Ni? +H,0 —> [Ni(H;0)6]"% 5 it is octahedral. *? hybridisation, |. (c) : Following compounds are diamagnetic: Ls [Co(NH,)gICly; M:Nas{Co(ox)3] O: K[PH(CN) a] P: [Zn(H;0)6](NO3)2 K: In Ks[Fe(CN)g], the Fe™* is d°sp* hybridised and it has one unpaired electron, Hence, it is paramagnetic. L: In[Co(NHg)JCl, Co™ is d°sp* hybridised. Co™ ion : 3d? 45° Ff 4s ” Lit Co™ ion in [Co(NH)]”" 3d 4s 4p T=] fd) [Pod Te FTES Pa? hybridisation 51. M: In [Co(ox)3}* Co™ ion : 3d 4s” Ma “ ” Liv Co™ ion in [Cofox)s]™ 4 a » 1 1 a xx foe] fox | | xx | xx [oe es ee eee hybridisation It is inner orbital octahedral complex and diamagnetic in nature as all the electrons are paired, N: In octahedral complex [Ni(Hz0),JCl,, Ni?" is paramagnetic O: In Kg[PUCN)g, Pt?* ion : 5d 65° TOIT CCT PE ion in [PUCN)al™ xt & S TTA) [=<] PD tot TE SS 459? hybridisation Geometry is square planar and complex is diamagnetic as all the electrons are paired. P: Octahedral and tetrahedral complexes of Zn” are diamagnetic. (b): The bulky groups cause steric hindrance in the formation of transition state. Therefore, higher homologue (Q) and (R) are less reactive than lower homologue (?), (R) is more reactive than (Q) as in (Q) two —CHs groups are directly attached to C—Cl bond. In compound (5), the transition state is highly ° stabilized by Ph — LL group, so it has highest rate of reaction towards Sy2, Hence, the order of rate of S>P>R>Q reaction is ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way '14 21 52. (a,b): 54. (d): Phenol is weaker acid than carbonic acid (H:CO;) and does not liberate CO; on treatment $ oe ‘with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution HO u Ho H 55. (bd: HOH n— on OH CHy a creer as.2) war,28) TFemerTiemane reaction) a 2 ui, GC Scticy, Hof i oH 9) © HO—--H H+ 0H (jon (finan cH, cH, 015,28) PaR25) vo ap a Sut noo SOH 6%) H—+on 07 Fon : pHiydroybenaane G cH, sulphonic acd 24 6eTabromophenol 008,28) 7.) :P: oct Ny Mand N ~ Diastereomers 7 Mand O= Identical 2: -ONa BS on Mand P= Enantiomers oxi Mand Q— Diastereomers anor 2 Re ae (Marownia ONT, ‘ton ) KOH s: CY 2™__,¢ x nw 2 ononae (ss tadoraa ‘i oC rea “on 58. (b) : Diether is known as acetal. So, ° 1 Listatagen takes 59. ¢ part in the reaction. Det ane C— Behn sre a Sg cont © coon mC prchiaa + WK oO O , oO No. of - COOH groups in the product ‘P* is 2. 22. cuemistay Tobav | war's 60. (c) : Reaction I HOOCN COOH 7 8 Na ew, (Gym adeiion) A Br, (1.0 mol) COOH, Se H,C/ SCH, equoous NOH A nton (0m) CHBrs + HyC” SONa HOH w o ‘COOH Meso (5) Reaction Il (optiallyinneive) ° A Br, (1.0 mob AN, = ‘ait ryc7 Neat area i SoG, an] Momo > CH,Br + HBr iii Gynad COOH H u—-on , 61. (a): Nex HO-—H COOH o Racemicm o on NO, NO HO, o 63. (a): oF zat [one ofr | Ko, Ho” ou OH Ce Pierc acid Ascorbic aid (26-Tentophenol) (itamin) HN7 Nu OOH ° ary ( B Barbitcieasid Aspitin @yrimidine246-trone) @-Acetoxybenaoic acid) EL IS Eee eR ery OS eer een RES PO Sonne eae nets updated Important questions for forthcoming examinations Study tips, quizzes, flowcharts, learning strategies, news eT occu kee Near kur cul ike us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/pcmbtoday CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way'i4 23 Cone. NaOH 64. (0) = CH CHO SMHS CH _—CHO H H H Cone, NaOH I! . | | He Hy—CHO "> HC —CH,—CHO SS > He az —CH—CHO Th 02 oH on \e CH,OH Ht CH,-OH x Peano «foe NH CHO ~ Hog C—cHO OHH ©) CHO Qu cHLOH HOH,C—¢—CHO a CH,—C-Gi, + HCOOH CH,OH HOH,C OH No hydrogen ) io (0, Gi) and (ii) are aldol products but when two aldehydes without a-hydrogen reacts in presence of cone. NaOH they undergo cross Cannizzaro reaction not aldol reaction. Thus, the final product is obtained by three cross aldol condensation processes and one cross Cannizzaro reaction. 65, (bd): Only those compounds having both alcoholic “OH group and —COOH group can be separated by NaOH and NaHCO; solutions. Phenol does not react with NaHCOs sohution. (a) CoHsOH, CcHsCOOH > Separated by NaFICOs only but not by NaOH. (b) CeHsCOOH, CcHsCH20H ~> Separated by both NaHCO; and NaOH. (©) CoHsCH:OH, CHsOH > Separated by NaOH only but not by NaHCO. (d) CgHsCH:OH, CoHsCH;COOH — Separated by both NaHCOs and NaOH. ou 66. (0): CHACHACOCH, N+ cH,-CHy CCH @ by ssun4so,| 6 OH CH CHS CCH Fo CH,CH, c CH, & coon COOH 67. (b) : f-keto acids undergo decarboxylation most readily. coon Decarboxylation —CO, 24 cuemistay Topav | war's 68, (a) : As J gives effervescence on treatment with NaHCO, thus it should contain —COOH and as it gives positive Baeyer’s test, thus it should bo unsaturated. J is obtained from I from the following reaction CH=CH-COOH — CH,CH,COOH 69. (0: a o “serie CH ere Sone oe ‘AIC, i ° CH, acts “Hy ¢ fa HOT I ° 0 + AlCl, + HCl CH,OH tial Ls 70. (aed): HC m LS (optically inactive) COOH CH,OCOCH; COOH iS CH,OCOCH, ch, cy ” ” Js C0, CHWs Bffervescence _HotNaOHian 5 (due to evolution of CO,) Soluble 71, () : When group has +R and -I effect ortho derivative is most acidic due to ortho effect. Thus, o-hydroxybenzoic acid is the strongest acid. Electron releasing groups —CH and OH decrease the acidity while electron withdrawing group —NOz increases the acidic strength. +R effect of —OH is stronger than +f effect of —CHs group. All phenols are less acidie than carboxylic acids. Thus, the correct order of decreasing K, is COOH COOH COOH rege mE Fe i tornaonr on aye meee should take place between diazonium salt and f-naphthol. Diazonium salt is prepared by the reaction between primary aromatic amine and HINO; (NaNO; + HCI). NaNOy+ HCL HC prin a = HC <> N=N-CL H, on (coupling) HO, eed Brilliant colour dye BeNaphitiol ge CHj—CH—COOH, ‘Alanine (A) NH, > HN —CH2—COOH; Glycine (G) As (A) is at the end so options possible with —NHz group at beginning are —CH— COOH, Phenylalanine (P) NH, ( VPGA, Gi) vera, (ii) PGA, and (iv) PGVA 74. Peptide Ry Ry | Nature Charge 1 H H Neutral 0 0 H CH, Neutral 0 HCOOH HH Adidic | ve IV__CH,CONH,) (CH2)NHe WV CECONT; CHCONH, Neutral 0 Basic ve VI (CH,yNHz | (CH2);NH> | Basic +ve VIL CHCOOH CH,CONH3 | Acidic -ve VI CH.OH | (CH,)NH Basie He. IX (CH)WNHa CH | Basic +ve Hence, peptide IV, VI, VIII and IX are positively charged at pH = 7.0. Groups like —CH,OH, I amides —CH,C—NH, are neutral. ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY I Way 14 25 75. 76. 26 ie CHOH cnon i CH,OH Dconiguration Pyranose strctire Total no, of stereoisomers in pyranose form of D-configuration = 2° = 8. (6) : Decapeptide + 9 H3O—> Glycine + Alanine + Phenylalanine Total wt. of amino acids after addition of 9 moles of H,O = 796 + (9 « 18) = 958 Let 1m units of glycine are present in the decapeptide, nx75 then x100=47 = 1=6 . (b): This structure is an example of pyranose and aldohexose. Here, the carbohydrate structure is of the B-pyranose form. (6): Structure of melamine is “eo NEN: NH Total no. of lone pair of electrons = 6. . (a,b,e,d) : Condensation polymers are formed by condensation of diols or diamine with dicarboxylic acids. Therefore, il I X may be; —C—OR or —C—NH, or —C=N Hy —C-oR—=">cH,0H cchemistay Topay | yay" ai, BNO Ny I His —C—NH, — —c=n— > —cH, i i (a) HyCO— C= (CH), — C— OCH, Hynil a OH—H,C(CH,),CH;-OH i i a}H0-C—(clty, Con Polyester i (6) HN—C—(CH,),—C—NH, H.N—CH,(CH,),CHj-NH, i il HO-C—(CH,),-C-08 Polyamide I I (9) HN-C—(CH,),—C-NH, Bry} Noort I-(CH,), “NH, i R Ho-C-(cH,-C-0n Polyamide (@) N=C—(CH,),-C=N Hywi[a HyN—CH,(CH,),CHs—NH fi i no=C-(chy,-C-on Polyamide - L SOLVED PAPER 2014 JEE MAIN GO@OD NEWS, Exam are from MTG JEE Main Cher We are happy to inform our readers that 70% questions asked in 2014 JEE exam were similar in nature to the problems given in this book. GOOD NEWS try. Many Questions in this year's Which one is classified as a condensation polymer? (a) Acrylonitrile (b) Dacron (©) Neoprene (a) Teflon [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 1217, Q-65) Which one of the following properties is not shown by NO? (a) Its bond order is 2.5. (b) Itis diamagnetic in gaseous state. (©) Itisa neutral oxide. (d) Tt combines with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide, [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 157, Q-22] Sodium phenoxide when heated with CO, under pressure at 125 °C yields a product which on acetylation produces C. ‘ONa oo, 2B sep =F $002 Sam? ® AO” The major product C would be OCOCH, cock, COOH TOMEIOS co (Sa COCH, [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 1060, Q-18} ( Given below are the half-cell reactions: Mn?"+2e° —> Mn; E°=-1.18V 2(Mn"* +. —> Mn”); E? = +1.51V The E® for 3Mn®* — Mn + 2Mn°* will be (a) ~0.33 V; the reaction will occur (b) ~2.69 V; the reaction will not occur (©) ~2.69 V; the reaction will occur (d) -0.33 V; the reaction will not occur. [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 384, Q-85] 5. For complete combustion of ethanol, GHsOH 9) + 30246) > 2COe) + 3HO gy the amount of heat produced as measured in bomb calorimeter, is 1364.47 kJ mol at 25 °C. ‘Assuming ideality the enthalpy of combustion, A.H, for the reaction will be (R = 8.314 kJ mol) (a) -1 Wi mol! (b) ~ 1366.95 kJ mol (c) - 1361.95 kJ mol (d) ~ 1460.50 kJ mol For the estimation of nitrogen, 1.4 g of an organic compound was digested by Kjeldahl method and the evolved ammonia was absorbed in 60 mL. of Ty sulphuric acid. The unreacted acid required 20 mL of Hi sodium hydroxide for complete neutralization. The percentage of nitrogen in the compound is (a) 5% — (b) 6% =) 10% —(d) 3% [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 796, Q-42] The major organic compound formed by the reactionof 1, 1, H-trichloroethane with silver powder (a) 2-butene (9) ethene (b) acetylene (a) 2-butyne. [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 1010, Q-51] The ratio of masses of oxygen and nitrogen in a particular gaseous mixture is 1 : 4. The ratio of number of their molecules is (a) 3:16 (be) 1:4 (0) 7:32 (d) 1:8 nesta toa | vs'i4 27 9. ‘The metal that cannot be obtained by electrolysis of an aqueous solution of its salt is (a) Cr) Ag.) Cad) [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 508, Q-79] 10, The equivalent conductance of NaCl at concentration C and at infinite dilution are Ac and hus respectively. The correct relationship between Acand A. is given as (where, the constant B is positive) (@) AE =ALH(BWE (D) Ae =A H(BIC (ye 1, The correct set of four quantum numbers for the valence electrons of rubidium atom (2 =37) is (9) de = Ao BC A ie 1 1 (@) 50145 0) 50,045 1 1 + ) + © 81045 @ 511L+5 [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 119, Q-3] 12, Consider separate solutions of0.500M CHsOH a, (0.100 M Mg(PO,)njuy, 0.250 M KBrjay and 0.125 M NasPO ap at 25 °C, Which statement is true about these solutions, assuming all salts to be strong electrolytes? (a) 0.500 M C3HsOH,,) has the highest osmotic pressure. (b) They all have the same osmotic pressure, (©) 0.100 M Mgs(PO,)244y has the highest osmotic pressure. (d) 0.125 M NagPOy) has the highest osmotic pressure. [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 323, Q-15} 13, The most suitable reagent for the conversion of R—CH,—OH —> R—CHO is (a) PCC (Pyridinium chlorochtomate) () KMn0, (© KCr.0; (d) CrOs [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 1040, Q-33] 14, CsCl exystallises in body-centred cubic lattice. If ‘a’ is its edge length then which of the following expressions is correct? 28 cuemistay ropay| Are 15. 16. SUA 18. ©) Teeter roe Her (ree Hes (8) rege Her [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 284, Q-8 and Page 290, Q-45] In which of the following reactions, HjO, acts as a reducing agent? (2) HhO; +2H"+ 2° —> 2H,0 2) HyQ,-26 —> 0, +2H" @) H;0; +2 —> 20H" (9) HO; + 20H - 2° —> 0, +2H,0 (@) 2), @) &) (),@) © @.@) (@) ©.) [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 341, Q-28 amd Page 342, Q-501 For which of the following molecules significant n#0? a cN OH SH a a Q O @) oO @ O a cN OH SH (a) (3) and (4) (©) Q)and @) (b) Only (1) (a) Only 3) On heating an aliphatic primary amine with chloroform and ethanolic potassium hydroxide, the organic compound formed is (a) an alkyl isocyanide (b) an alkanol (©) analkanediol (A) an alkyl cyanide. [From MTG JE Main Chemistry, Page 1196, Q-15] In Sy2 reactions, the correct order of reactivity for the following compounds: CH3CL CHyCHC1, (CH);CHCI and (CH;)sCC1 (@) (CH),CHC1> CH.CH,Cl > CHCl > (CH;,CAl (6) CHsC1> (CHy),CHC1> CHsCH,Cl > (orsneal (©) CHCl > CHCH,CI > (CH,);CHCL> (CHCA (8) CH,CHCI > CH,CI > (CHy),CHCI> (CHa): [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 996, Q-79 and Page 1023, Q-9] 19. 20, a, m4, The octahedral complex of a metal ion M** with four monodentate ligands Lx, Lz Ls and [4 absorbs wavelengths in the region of red, green, yellow and blue, respectively. The increasing order of ligand strength of the Four ligands is (@) Li Co™ + 5NH} + Cr (@) IMg(H,0),°* + EDTAy* SEEN, [Mg(EDTA)]** + 6H,0 [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 732, Q-146] In the eaction, cH,coon 4, 4 the product Cis (a) acetyl chloride (©) acetylene 5p IEKOH_c, (b) acetaldehyde (A) ethylene. The correct statement for the molecule, Csly is (a) it contai (b) it isa covalent molecule (6) it contains Cs" and Is ions (d) it contains Cs and ions. Cs’, and lattice Ip molecule For the reaction 50,4) +30) 50x) if K, = K(RT) where the symbols have usual meaning then the value of x is (assuming ideality) fa) 1 1 1 -f wy [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 212, Q-31] (b) For the non-stoichiometric reaction: 2A +B C+D, the following kinetic data were obtained in three separate experiments, all at 298 K. al Initial | Tnitial rate of concentration concentration formation of {al (BI) C (mol L“'s") o1M oiM 12«103 01M 02M 12107 02M O1M 24x 10° ‘The rate law for the formation of Cis, 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. ac dc a) SC by AC (a) atl (b) ap MAM) aC _ yap @ ac 2 © Fp aMarial — @ f= Haller [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 407, Q-63] Resistance of 0.2 M solution of an electrolyte is 50 Q. The specific conductance of the solution is 1.45 ml The resistance of 0.5 M solution of the same electrolyte is 280 O. The molar conductivity of 0.5 M solution of the electrolyte in S m* mol (a) 5* 10? (&) 5x 104%(@) 5 «109 (d) 510° [From MIG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 360, Q-12 and Page 393, Q-12] Among the following oxoacids, the correct decreasing order of acid strength is (a) HCIO, > HCIO,> HCIO; > HOC (b) HOCI > HCI, > HCIO, > HCIO, (9 HCIO,> HOCI > HCIO, > HCIO, (d) HCI, > HCIO, > HCIO, > HOCL [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 692, Q-60] Which one of the following bases is not present in DNA? (a) Thymine (© Adenine (6) Quinoline (a) Cytosine [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 1245, Q-621 Considering the basic strength of amines in aqueous solution, which one has the smallest pK, value? (a) CcHsNHp (©) CH:NH (b) (CHy).NH (a) (CHy)N [From MTG JEE Main Chemistry, Similar Question, Page 1203, Q-6] If Z is a compressibility factor, van der Waals equation at low pressure can be written as Po RT a) Z=14 22 by 2-14 80 @) Z14 &) Pb 4 Pb © Z=1-4. @) z= VRT « RT |. Which series of reactions correctly represents chemical relations related to iron and its compound? nesta ropa |var'it 29 Og eat (a) Fe—S2tet 5 Fe, 0, SO-omn"e. FeO cO.70°C (b) Pe ESO: eso, Our, Fe,(S0,); Fe (0) Fe Sete, pec SNES. F050, —het_spe (d) Fe—Se8# pec), Heth speci, Zn —24Fe ONS 1. (b): Dacron or terylene is a polyester, consists of ester linkages formed by the condensation of —OH group of ethylene glycol and —COOH group of terephthalic acid with elimination of water molecules. 2. (b): Theelectronic configuration of NO molecule is NOS): ots? o1s%, 0257, 0257, 02p3, (n2ph = naphy, (n*2p! = n*2py) This indicates that it has one unpaired electron outermost shell. So, NO molecule is paramagnetic in the gaseous state. B0.=N0oNs = 5 2 2 NO combines with O, to give NO». 2NO+0,—> 2NO, Itis neutral to litmus i.e. neutral in nature. ONa OCOONa S n5°C +co, > 3. (bi: Rearrangement Sodium phengl ‘coobonate OH OH COOH COONA| Ac0 or “eho! Oo Salil acid Sodium salicylate ococt, COOH Ly orAcetoxybenzoic acid (Aspirin o 30 cuemistay Tobay | war's 6 (b): Overall react Mn®* + 2° —> Mn; EP=-1.18V 2Mn* —> 2Mn” +205 E°=-151V 3Mn™ —> Mn +2Mn™; E°=— 1.18 + (1.51) 2.69V ‘AS E° is negative, the reaction will not occur. (b): Given; AE =~ 1364.47 kj mot 298K HH = AE + An, RT ~ 1364.47 + (1) x 8314 = 10 «298 = 1364.47 - 1 x 8314 « 107 « 298 1364.47 - 2477.57 « 10° ~ 1366.95 kj mor! (Note : Given value of R is wrong, itshould be 8314) Kt mol ' or 8314 «10° kj K" mol") (©): Mass of organic compound = 1.4 g 1.4.x Meg, of acid consumed “Mass of compound taken Meg. of acid consumed % of N = (so x2} (20x41) of acid =2] ay citc—cr => at —C=C-—CH, + 6AgCl 2Butyne (0): Let the mass of O; = and that of N; No. of molecules of Q, = No. of molecules of Ng % :F or7:32 Ratio = 35 5 (c): Among all the metals, only Ca is a s-block metal, which is highly electropositive and cannot be obtained by electrolysis of an aqueous solution of its salt 10. (d): According to Debye—Hiickel’s theory, for a strong electrolyte (like NaCl), Ae =k. (BWC TI. (b): Rb (Z=37): [Kr] 5s" 1 2 12, (b): Applying the equation, r= iCRT n=5,1=0,m=0,s= Solution ixC CGHsOH a) 0s Mgs(PO,)aiay KBria NasPOsaq) The value of i x C indicates that all the solutions have same osmotic pressure. 13, (a): PCCishighly effective in oxidizing 1° alcohols toaldehydes, 14, (d): Inabody-centred cubic (bee) lattice, oppositely charged ions touch each other along the cross- diagonal of the cube. In case of CsCl, Dogs they a tg 15. (a): The reducing agent itself gets oxidised i. the oxidation number increases. a 2 (1) HO, + 2H" 426° > 2H,0 a 0 (2) H,O, -2e°—+ 0, +2" 4 2 (3) HO, +2e°—+ 20H" 1 ° (8) HO, + 20H” -2e° —+0, +2H,0 16. (a): (1) a Q) N 7 ed t Tt a fe tl N (Symmetrical; 1=0) (Symmetrical; = 0) H ® eh ® y 10 sf 20 ae H HW (Unsymmetrical; #0) (Unsymmetrical; t+ 0) [The shape around [The shape around Oatomisangular, -Satomis angular, not planar] not planar] 17. (a): R— NH + CHC1; + 3KOH(ale) —> R—N=C+3KC1+3H,0 Alky soeyanide Aliphatic primary —i Steric hindrance So, the correct order of reactivity towards 5x2 18, (o): Reactivity in $,.2< reaction is (CH3C1 > CHyCH2Cl > (CHs);CHCI > (CHs);CCL 19. (VB GY OR Wavelengiv increasing @) According to the spectrochemical series, more the absorption frequency, stronger is the ligand, ot, Aor CFSE Strength of ligands «2 Hence, the increasing order of ligand strength is, ho« kk <« bo «ly ea) Ciaiow) Greeny Buy 20. (€): (a) 2CuSO, + 10KCN —> 2K [Cu(CN)s] Pot cuprocyanide +2K,S0,+(CN)> (©) Reaction is unfavourable in the forward direction, as K,O is unstable while Li,O is stable. (c) Complex [CoCl(NH);]° decomposes to NH salt under acidic medium. 2 excess NaOH (a) [Mg(H20)6P icq) + (EDTA), ———> [Mg(EDTA)I i) + 6:0. Reaction is unbalanced w.rt. charge atti, 21. (@)s CHYCOOH TT CHCHOH eduction a +2Hly=H,0 POC, Hel} Pe, H,C=CH: Acko CH;CH,CI a Ib ICH Fihylene (Dehyrohalogenaton) gy © “HCL nesta tooAt |vs'i4 31 22. (c): Cs cannot show 43 oxidation state. So, Csly is formulated as Cs* and Iy ions. Itis a typical ionic compound, 23, (c): For the reaction, Loy i) * 792) = 0349) Using formula, K, = K(RD}""s where, Av1,=no. of products) ~no. of reactants, 24, (a): For the reaction, 2A +B C+D Rate of reaction AB} _ AC] _ at ae at Now, rate of reaction, “7 MATES” From table, 1.2*10°=K01) 0.1)" “ 1.210 =k(0A)' (0.2) (i) 24x 10° =K(0.2)* (0.1)! On dividing equation (i) by (ii), we get 12x103 ii) KOO.) ¥(0.1)*(0.2)! DY i=(4 =0 Goo On dividing equation (i) by (ii), we get 1.2x10% _ k(0.1)"(0.)" 24x10% (0.2) (0.1)" ()-() > Hence, MA aatte? =4] 25. (b): Case 1: C#0.2M, R502, «145m 0.255 m4 1000 Now, Ay, = «x20 OW, Ay = ROE 32 cuemistay ropay| Are 26. 27. 28, 29. 30. If molarity is in mol L, then (Sm) 1000 L m“$xMolarity (mol ___025Smt © 1000 L m= x05 mol =5=10*Sm* mol” Ay (Sm? mol) = (a): No. of O-atoms (i.e. oxidation state) « Acidic strength Hence, the decreasing order of acidic strength veill be HCIO, > HC1O, > HCIO, > HOC (b): DNA contains adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C) bases. (b): Order of decreasing basic strength of amines {in aqueous solution is (CHy))NH > CHjNH) > (CH));N > CcHsNHp 2 ® e Basic strength « K, « asic etrength = Ry oe Hence, (CH,);NH has the smallest pK, value, (©): For I mole of real gas, van der Waals equation willl be Aniline 2) p+) (v-p)=Rr ( vi) At low pressure; ‘V’ is large and therefore ‘8 is neglected ie. (V-B)=V then, C + 4) (v)=RT PV+ S=RT or, + or, PV= Rr-y (At low pressure, PV > RT) On dividing by RT on both the sides, the above equation will be, (=F) (a): Formation of FeO, through Fe, corresponds to the combustion of Fe and rest part of the reactions correspond to the production of Fe by reduction of FeO, in blast furnace . Exam on 1st June The correct order of acidic strength of the following compounds is CH;CH:CH,COOH; NCCH;COOH; t 0 CH-CH,—COOH m (&) I CHO ‘CHO or oy ‘COCH, ‘COCH; © cr @ cr (One atmospheric pressure is equal to 1.01 « 10° Nm? 76 em Hg 1 0 760 tore 760 mm Hy, un w (a) I Monly (0) IIL IV only (©) Tony (@ 11, m,1V ALL INDIA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCE 6. 2 3. |. Which of the following pairs of complexes 5 PRACTICE PAPER Oil used as frothing agent in froth-floatation process is (a) pine oil (©) coconut oil (b) mustard oil (a) olive oi Fraction of total volume occupied by atoms in a simple cubic cel is Gi 6 = vn x a> wo © @ & Which of the following species is not aromatic? (a) Benzene (©) Cyclooctatetraenyl dianion (©) Tropylium ion (a) Cyclopentadienyl cation The bond energies in NO, NO* and NO" follow the order (a) NO*>NO>NO™ (c) NO->NO>NO™ (6) NO>NO*> NO™ (@) NO">NO-> NO hows «sp* hybridisation and is paramagnetic in nature? [Fe(CN)gI* [Co(CN)eI* [Fe(CN)ol* (Co(Hz0)6I°° 1 0 Mm wv (a) Mand (b) and IV (©) Land tL (a) Mand IV |. Which amine amongst the following will answer positively the carbylamine test? (9 cau-nn=cty, 6) MeOH, (0) CoHs—NH—CyHy (4) CoHs—N(CoHs)2 Which of the following reactions produces hydrogen? (a) Mg +H,0 (b) HyS,05+H,0 (©) BaO, + HCL (a) NajO> + 2HCl Which of the following statements is incorrect? (a). 2% a, for zero order reaction ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY | \ay'14. 33 () fy is independent of 4, for first order reaction. (6) the -y, for third order reaction, 1 jh () ya 5, for n"* order reaction. @ 14, Which compound on reaction with ethyl magnesium bromide and water will form 2-methylbutan-2-0l? (a) CHsCOCH (©) CHCH:CHO 15. 10 mL of liquid carbon disulphide (specific gravity 2.63) is burnt in oxygen. Find the volume of the resulting gases measured at STP. (a) 23.251, (b) 22.261 (0) 23.501. (a) 20.08. (6) CH3COOCH (@) CHsCOCH3 16, An alcohol gives Lucas test within 5 minutes. The structure of alcohol, 0.22 g of which liberates 56 mL of CH at STP on treating with CHsMgl will be ©) cr—¢H-cH, OH (0) CH, —CHy—CH-CH, On (9) (CHyCH—GH—CH, OH (@) (CHyxC—CH—-CH, OH 17. Which one of the following does not give white precipitate with acidified silver nitrate solution? a od (0) CH, =CH-CH;—Cl (d) Both (a) and (b). 18. Chemical formula of Red sindoor’ is (b) CHy=CH—CI (a) Pb(NOs)2 (b) NagPbO (co) Pb3O4 (d) PbCl> 19, Methyl a-D-glucoside and methyl B-D-glucoside (a) epimers (b) anomers (0) enantiomers (d) conformational diastereomers. 34 cemistay Topay| Are 20. Substances that are oxidised and reduced in the following reaction are respectively NaHgiy + 2Hz020) —> Nagy + 4,04 (a) NoHy, HO (b) NzHy, HO (©) No H2O> (d) H0,N: 21, 2° amine on reaction with nitrous acid gives (a) alcohol (b) nitro compound (©) nitroso compound (4) oxime 22, Pair of enantiomers from the following, compounds are coor coon, coor H OH. HO- H HO. H HO! HHO: HH OH COOH cooH COOH o a a (a) Lond tt (b) Wand UL (©) Land Il (a) both (a) and (b) 23. In the given Freundlich adsorption isotherm plot, x vand z are respectively @ 140 © L190 © 012 @ 041 24. In the following reaction, the product ? is, a or ‘OH ‘OH ocx, 25. Given that C + 0) —> CO»; AH® =~ kj 2CO +O; —> 2COz AH’ =-b Ky The heat of formation of CO is 2a-b b-2a @) b-28 @) A 26, Reaction of hydrogen _ peroxide formaldehyde in the pyrogallol gives (@) formic acid (b) methanol (c) methane (d) water, (d) 20-6 with 27. 29, 31. 32, 33, 35, 36, Which of the following reactions does not take place? BF; +F —> BF] o BE; +3E" —> BRE ay ‘AIF, +3F°—> ALES cay (a) Only (I) (@) Only (Il (b) Only (1) (a) Only (1) and (111) . In which of the following reactions, K, > K.? @ PCs = PCs +Ch, (I) N20; = 2NO, (Ill) No + 3Hy == 2NHs (1) 280, + Os == 2505 (a) (Dandy) (b) (iM) and (am) (©) Mand (1) (2) (), Mand (IV) Which of the following metals has maximum ionisation potential? (a) Na) K—@) Be_ @) Mg Glyoxal on intramolecular Cannizzaro reaction in presence of strong alkali gives {@) glycol () glycine (6) glucose (@) glycollic acid. The freezing point ofa solution containing 0.2 of acetic acid in 20.0 g benzene is lowered by 0.45 °C. The degree of association of acetic acid in benzene is (Assume acetic acid dimerises in benzene and Kyfor benzene = 5.12 K kg mot) (a) 94.5% (b) 54.9% (0) 782% (a) 100% Lithopone is a mixture of (a) BaS + ZnSO, (b) ZnS + BaSO; (c) BaO+Zn(NOs)2 (a) Pb3Oy +MgCOs The ion which is not tetrahedral in shape is (a) BF; (b) NHj (0) [Cu(NH* (ad) INC Acetanilide on nitration followed by alkaline hydrolysis gives (a) e-nitroacetanilide (c)_ nrnitroaniline (b) p-nitroaniline (a) 2,4, 6¢rinitroaniline. ‘Twobulbs A and B of equal capacity are filled with He and SO> respectively, at the same temperature. If the pressure in two bulbs is same then the ratio Of tng for them is (2) 6:1) 4:1] 1:4 @) 1:6 Aland Ga have the same covalent radius because of (a) greater shielding power of s-electrons of Ga atoms (b) poor shielding power of selectrons of Ga atoms (©) poor shielding power of dolectrons of Ga atoms (d) greater shielding power of d-electrons of Ga atoms, 37. Which among the following is the most soluble in water? (a) CsC1Oy (b) NaClOy (©) LiClO, (a) KCIO, 38. Ammonia on reaction with excess of chlorine, gives (a) NCland HCl (6) Nz and NH,CI (© NClgand NHjCI (4) No and HCL 39. Which of the following metals is present in brass, bronze and german silver? (@) Cu) Na © Mg 40. Identify the correct order of stability of oxidation states of group 16 elements. (a) Set Te > Po” (©) Se =Te*> Po (d) Both (a) and (b). Directions; In the following questions (41-60), a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as = (a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is, the correct explanation of assertion. If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion If assertion is true but reason is false. If both assertion and reason are false. (@) Al © © @) 41, Assertion : The decomposition of NH3 on finely divided platinum surface is first order when the concentration is low, however at higher concentration, the reaction becomes zero order. Reason : In first order reaction, the rate of reaction is proportional to the first power of the concentration of the reactant. 42, Assertion : Boiling points of aldehydes lie in between parent alkanes and corresponding alcohols. Reason : Aldehydes cannot form intermolecular hydrogen bonds like alcohols. 43. Assertion : All F—S—F angles in SF, are greater than 90° but less than 180°. Reason : The lone pair-lone pair repulsion is weaker than bond pair-bond pair repulsion. 44, Assertion : H,O2 has higher boiling point than water, Reason: The dipole moment of HzO: s little more than that of HzO. nesta ropa | vars 35 45, 47. 49. 51, 52, 53, 55, 36 Assertion : Hydrazine contains nitrogen but does not give Lassaigne’s test for nitrogen, Reason : Hydrazine reacts with fused sodium to give He gas. Assertion : [CoF|* ion show's magnetic moment corresponding to zero unpaired electrons, Reason : It undergoes d?sj” hybridisation Assertion ; Solution of Na;CrO, in water is intensely coloured. Reason : Oxidation state of Cr in NaxCrO, is +VI. . Assertion : Sulphanilic acid exists as dipolar ion whereas p-aminobenzoic acid does not Reason : Carboxyl group being more acidic than —SO3H group can easily transfer a H’ to the amino group. Assertion : Electrical conductivity of semicon- ductors increases with increasing temperature. Reason : With increase in temperature, large number of electrons from the valence band can jump to the conduction band. |. Assertion : Presence of a nitro group at ortho or para position increases the react towards nucleophilic substitution. Reason : Nitro group, being an withdrawing group, decreases the electron density over the benzene ring, yy of haloarenes Assertion : Copper liberates hydrogen from a solution of dilute hydrochloric acia. Reason : Hydrogen is below copper in the electro- chemical series Assertion : trars-Pent-2-ene is polar but trans- but-2-ene is non-polar. Reason : The polarity of cis-isomer is more than trans- which are either non-polar or less polar. Assertion : The ionic size of N* is bigger than that of Na” ion Reason : The ionic ra. decrease with the increase in the magnitude of the nuclear charge of isoelectronic ions |. Assertion : BF is a weaker Lewis acid than BCl3. Reason : The px — pr back bonding is stronger in BF; than in BCls. Assertion : Acidic character of alcohols follows the order: primary > secondary > tertiary. Reason : Acidic character of alcohols is due to the presence of polar O—H group. cnemsravTooay | Assertion : If an electron is in 4p-orbital, then possible values of quantum numbers are 1 = 4, T=1, nr=0, 21, and Reason : The second shell is a combination of one s, one p and one d-subbshell 57. Assertion : When a concentrated solution is, diluted by adding more water, molarity of the solution remains unchanged. Reason : Product of moles of a solute and volume of solution is equal to the molarity. Assertion : Boiling and melting points of amides are higher than corresponding acids Reason : It is due to strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding in their molecules. 59. Assertion : For isothermal expansion of an ideal gas its enthalpy decreases, Reason : Enthalpy does not depend on temperature, Assertion : NF is a weak ligand than N(CH). Reason : NF; ionises to give F ion in aqueous solution, SOUS 1. (b): Acidity increases as the electronegativity of the carbon atoms attached to COOH group increases or the hybridisation of the carbon atoms attached to —COOH changes from sp° = sp” + sp. Hence, acidic strength follows the order: gt eee (CHCHaCH;COOH < CH= CHCH;COOH < 0 ay @ 2. (o) :Isotones have same number of neutrons (1) 2% BGe (n=44; — FGe (n=45); GSe (m=43), GAs (n= 4a); BSe (n= 42) : 1000 3. (a) Equivalent conductance, Ay = 7 where, x (Specific conductance) = Cx £ = 1.302 «107 ohm em 1.302x10™ 1000, 0.01 = 130.2 ohm cm? (g eq) Ao ° i (os CH,—C—CH,CH,CH,CH,CH,—CHO ont Oo R - > CH,—C—CH-CH,CH;CH,CH, CH @ 6 @) (d): In simple cubic arrangement, no, of atoms per unit cell = 1x: Packing fraction Volume occupied by one atom ~~~ Volume of the unit cell Sa Any 3 2° (yp 6 (d): On applying the Hiickel rule, oO Benzene [n= 1, 6relectrons, aromatic] (Tropyliam on) lre=1, 6r-lectrons, aromatic] oO @ Cyelopentadienyl cation [#2,10meectrons, aromatic] _ [electrons antiaromati] (a) : Molecular orbital configuration of: NO (15): 0154, 1%, 025%, 0°25, 02 (r2p, BO.inNO= 5 (10-5)=25 npy?), W2p! NO! (14) : 0187, o'1s?, 028°, 0°28, o2p2, (2p? = n2p,") B.O. in NO*= 40-43 0 NO“ (16) : 01s, of 1s*, 025%, 0°25, o2p2, (n2p.? = mp2), mp7 B.O. in NO“= 400-6) =20 Bond order « Bond energy Order of bond energies is NO” > NO > NO™. 12, (a): Alkali 10. (a) : In [Fe(CN),|* ion, . ou sw Fe* a); FATA TAT CN is a strong field ligand and causes pairing of electrons. Fe(CN) I> FET TF onen 2p hybrids In [Co(CNy} u co* 4’ TTT AT ATF ICON) In [Fe(CN)g]" ion, Fe* (3d); IFe(CN)«I* 5 smagnetic In [Co(H,0),}** ion, ut & co™ Ga) TRA TATF HAO is a weak field ligand and does not cause pairing of electrons. {Co(H20)."; ea & at ALATA TATA] fee) Pexbexfax] expo] TH FT 1,0 H0 HO H.0 0 sp hybridisation; Paramagnetic the present case) give positive carbylamine test. and alkaline earth metals react with water to produce hydrogen gas and metal hydroxides. Thisisduetotheirhigh electropositive character. Mg +2H0 —> Mg(OH); + Hy 13. (@: For order reaction, ty #2 nesta ropa | vsr'it 37 ua. 15. 16. 1. 18, 38 ° CH, CH, ge (a): (@) CHa ao aes on O—Mgbe CHy— e- CHy <2 cH. ~¢-CH, cu,—cH, CH, 2Methybutan-o1 g () will give CH,—C—CH,—CH, ttan2one (©) will give CH,—CH,—CH—CH,~CHs ou ean-3t and ou (A) willie CHG GH 2Methyipentan--t () :1 mL of CS) weighs 2.3 g 10 mL of CS, weighs 263 g CS +30; > CO, + 250, mare nal” ast 268 oat 76 g of CS, will yield 67.2 L of a mixture of CO, and $O, at STP 26a got would yt 2 265-2825 (): All the given alcohols will give Lucas test within 5 minutes as all are 2° alcohols. Exact structure can be known by knowing either molecular mass or formula of alcohol which will be obtained as follows: Let molecular mass of aleohol is M. 36022 4, 44 2400x022 _ 5 2400 M 56 Now, general formula of alcohol is CyHoy + OH which corresponds to molecular mass 88 only when value of 1 =5. Thus, 2° alcohol having five carbon atoms will be (c) only. (d): In (c), chlorine is attached to sp® hybridized atom and C—Cl bond is more polar thus, it easily gives AgCl precipitate. In case of (a) and (©), chlorine is attached to sp’ hybridized C-atom and there is double bond character between C—Cl bond due to resonance ie., C—CI bond is stronger bond and hence chlorine cannot be ea replaced. (c) : "Red sindoor’ is Pb3O, or PbO,2PbO. Itis also known as red lead. cHemistRY Topay | ray" 19. (b): Methyl c-D-glucoside and methyl p-D- glucoside differ at C-1, hence are called anomers. H-G#0cH, crolé—1 H—¢-OH : ban iia ° HO-C= HO-C-H 1-¢-on u--on He n-¢ CH,OH CH,OH Methyl a-D-glucoside or Methyl a-D-ghicopyranoside Methyl B-D-ghicoside or Methyl B-D-glucopyranoside Decrease in ON. (Reduction) 2 1 © 20. (b): NjHy + 2H,0, ———> N, + 4H,0 a ge Increase in ON. (Onidation) HNO, a. suns N-N=0+H,0 2 amine Yellow oll {Nitroso compound) 22, (e): Structures I and IIL are non-superimposable mirror images of each other. Hence, they are pair of enantiomers, 23. (a) : According to Freundlich adsorption isotherm plot, (i Atlow pressure, * c P! (graphs almost straight) m x = PS (ximis almost constant) (i) Athigh pressure, (iii) At intermediate pressure, pln op Zagplin where, 1s an integer and kis a constant. OH 25. (c) C+; —> COy; AH” =a 2CO +O, —> 2COz; AH’ ==b Formation of CO can be written as c+ fo, c0; au? 26. 27, 31. On reversing and then dividing equation (ii) by 2, we get CO: —> CO+ FO, AH = HAN ll) On adding equations (i) and (ii, we get b b=2e 2°32 Tyrol HCHO + H,0,—"="*"> HCOOH + H,0 Formaldehyde Formic acid AHF o)™ fa): (b): BF; forms complex halides of the type [BF,] in which B atom has C.N. 4, it cannot extend its CN. beyond 4 due to the non-availability of dorbitals in its configuration. Hence, BF} ion (sp'd° hybridisation) is not formed. On the other hand, Al can extend its C.N. beyond 4 due to the availability of ¢-orbitals in its configuration. |. (c) : Ky = K(RT)"" for Ky > Ke, An = +ve WD) PCiyig FZ PClyg) + Clay) ¢ Ane 2-161 (ID N20 =22NOyy —; AN=2-1=1 (ID) Nag + 3Hayg = 2NHgyy 5 An= 2-4 (IV) 25021g) + Oxi) == 2504); An=2-3 (o) : Alkali metals have lower ionisation potential than alkaline earth metals due to the extra nuclear charge in alkaline earth metals (which pulls © inwards). Also, Mg has got lower ionisation potential than Be as electron to be removed from Mg is present in one shell outwards than in Be. gf He (@): HC—C—H + NaOH > H—~C—C—ONa Glyoxal E “Nac a HL HOCH,—COOH Gieoiie eid (a) : Given : 2 =0.2 8, w:=20g, AT)=0.45 °C 1000%K, xw, 5.12 7 Ky Rie. sg 45 _ 1000x5.12x0.2 1x 20xM Mopservea) ~ 113.78 (acetic acid) 2CHyCOOH = (CH;COOH), Before association 1 ° He w (where avis degree of association) Molecular weight of acetic acid = 60 Normal molecular mass Observed molecular mass Aer association ot, = 0.945 of 94.5% 32. 33. 35. 36. 37, ) (o) : In (Cu(NHg)4)"*: a cutee); LEELA (cu)? [ELT pe) fe) expo] ——— da hybeidcaton (Square planar) One electron is shifted from 34 to 4p-orbital. 9° i T NH-C—CH, NH-C—CH, NH, HNO, (7) _ or vaso, ) as” Acctailide NO, NO, p-Nitroscetanide p-Nitroaniline (b): Let the tty, of He and SO, be 14; and Wp respectively, BRT _ [RT ForHe: = [aR ° VMN BRT RT For$Q): 4, =,28"- . Meg VM Ve rs (0: The shielding power of delectrons of Ga atoms is poor than p-electrons because they have less penetrating power. (©) : Larger_M° forms more stable lattice with larger ClO; ion. Hence solubility of MCIO, decreases down the group. The high solubility of LiCIO, is mainly due to high heat of hydration of Li ion (a): NH + 3Cl; —> NCh + 3HCI (excess) NCk is an explosive compound, . (a) : Brass is an alloy of Cu and Zn. Bronze is an alloy of Cu and Sn. German silver is an alloy of Cu, Zn and Ni. |. (a): Stability of + 6 oxidation state decreases and that of + 4 oxidation state increases going down the group due to inert pair effect. . (b): In a heterogeneous system, the reactant is adsorbed on the surface of a solid catalyst. The fraction of the surface of the catalyst covered by the reactant is proportional to its concentration at low values and the rate of reaction is first order. However at higher concentration, the surface of catalyst is fully covered and the reaction rate becomes independent of concentration and it becomes zero order reaction. nesta tooAt | var'it 39 2, 43, 45. 47, 48, 49, 51. (b): Aldehydes have higher molecular weights and polarity as compared to parent alkanes hence aldehydes show higher boiling points than parent alkanes. On the other hand, aldehydes are not associated like alcohols thus, have boiling points ss than the corresponding alcohols. The lone pair-lone pair repulsion is stronger than bond pair-bond pair repulsion. For this reason, the F—S—F bond angle decreases from 180° (b): The extent of H-bonding in HO, is higher than that of HO. (b):Hydrazine does not contain carbon. Therefore, during fusion with Na metal, it does not form NaCN which is required for positive Lassaigne’s test H)N—NH) + Na —> HyN—NHNa + put (a): (CoFg)*:x-6--39 x= +3 a s 4 coo) [MATA TAT? F ion is a weak field ligand and does not cause pairing of electrons. o ee a ai ALATA LATA) [ee] Peep] [expo] ——— Pe hybridisation [CoF,]* ion is highly paramagnetic in nature and magnetic moment corresponds to four unpaired electrons, (b): NaxCrO, solution in water is yellow in colour, Yellow colour of CrOr- is due to charge transfer ie,, momentary transfer of charge from O-atom to metal atom thereby changing O* ion ‘momentarily to" ion and reducing the oxidation state of Cr from +VI to +V. Let oxidation state of Cr in NaxCrO, be x, = Yel) +xe4e-2-0 > x= 46 (os —SO3H_ group being more acidic than —COzH group can easily transfer a proton to the amino group. (a) : In case of semiconductors, the gap between valence band and conduction band is small and therefore, some of the electrons may jump from valence band to conduction band and thus on increasing temperature conductivity is also increased. (@) (d): Cu cannot liberate Hp from a solution of dilute HCI as hydrogen is above copper in the electrochemical Series. = £0.00 V; E2 Ete HOSE By, 1 Ay cme Tooay | "i 53. 55. 56. 37. 58. . (b): The vector sum of all polar bonds in irans- pent-2-ene is not zero while in frans-but-2-ene it is CHCH,-¢—H cry ¢—H H-C-CH, H-C-CH, trans-Pent2-ene trans-Bot2-ene wen) oo @) 54, (a) (b): Due to the electron releasing inductive effect GLeffect) of the alkyl groups, the electron density on oxygen will be maximum in tertiary alcohol and minimum in primary alcohol, Hence, the shared pair of electrons of the O-H bond will be most displaced towards the oxygen atom in primary alcohol and least displaced in tertiary alcohol. This makes the release of a proton easiest in case of primary alcohol and most difficult in case of tertiary alcohol (0) : Second shell (7 = 2) is a combination of one s- and one p-subshell. But it does not contain @-subshell (d): Molarity equation is written as ‘MyV; = MaV2 thus if the V2 changes, Mz also changes. Molarity Moles of solute Volame of solution (in litre) (a) : General formula of amides is RCONHz and that of acids is RCOOH. Due to the presence of —NH group in amides, there is a_ strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding between the amide molecules than the acid molecules. Some acids rather exist as dimer due to the presence of intermolecular hydrogen bonding. O--H-Q t \ R-C COR \ y 0-H) . (d): For isothermal expansion of an ideal gas its enthalpy remains constant, Enthalpy is a function of temperature. (The lone pair of electrons on the N-atom is strongly attracted by the three strongly electronegative F-atoms. As a result, it is available for donation and hence NF; is a weak ligand than N(CH;)3 which has electron donating —CHa groups. Also NF; does not undergo hydrolysis with water, dilute acids or alkalies as it is very stable due to strong N=F bond. PRACTICE PAPER 2 Q 14 ‘A transverse wave propagating, along, represented by u(x,t) =80sin (05x ant ~2) where xis in metre and tisin seconds, The speed of wave is (a) 8 mJs, (0) 05a m/s ‘Two condensers, one of capacity C and other of capacity C/2 are connected to a V volt battery, as shown in the figure. The work done in charging fully both the condensers is, I (b) 4a m/s (@) F ms T on Loy2 Beye (a) aoe (b) aoe pw (@ 2cv2 A hollow cylinder has a charge q coulomb within it- If 6s the electric flux in units of V m associated with the curved surface B, the flux linked with the plane surface A in units of Vm will be 4. Ox o@ +6 USTs Resistors P and Q connected in the gaps of the meter bridge. The balancing point is obtained }m from the zero end. If a 6 @ sesistance is connected in series with P the balance point shifts to $m from same end. Pand Qare () 42 (b) 2.4 (©) both (a) and (b) (A) neither (a) nor (b) In Young's double slit experiment, the slits are horizontal. The intensity at a point P shown figure is 3 Jp, where Ips the maximum intensity. Then the value of 8s, (Given the distance between the two slits $; and Spis 24) ©) cos"(:5) sin(3) © wih) @ sw) A surface irradiated with light of wavelength 480 nm gives out electrons with maximum velocity 7 mvs the cut off wavelength being 600 nm, The same surface would release electrons with maximum velocity20 mi irradiated by light of wavelength (a) 325nm (©) 384nm (b) 360.nm (@) 300mm nesta toa |ar'is 41 7. A plane electromagnetic wave travelling along the s-direction has a wavelength of 3 mm. The variation in the electric field occurs in the direction with an amplitude 66 V m7. The equations for the electric and magnetic fields asa function of x and t are (a) Ey=33 cos nx 10" (¢ BL=1.1 = 107 cos = 104 (¢ (b) Ey= 1 cos 2010" ¢- 2) 8B, 1 107 cos 2n « 10 (= 2) (co) Ex=33 cos. m= 101 (¢- 2) t Byatt 107 cos 108 G4) (d) Ey=66 cos 2 = 10" (¢- X) B,=22 «107 cos 2n« 10" (t~ =) c 8. A force F=—K(yi+xj), where k is a positive constant, acts on a particle moving in the xy plane. Starting from the origin, the particle is taken along the positive x-axis to the point(a, 0), and then parallel to the y-axis to the point (a, a). The total work done by the force on the particle is (a) -2kn® (bo) 2ka® —(e) ta? (A) ha? 9. Pushing force making an angle 0 with the horizontal is applied on a block of weight W. placed on ahorizontal table. Ifthe angle of friction is 0, the magnitude of force required to move the body is equal to Weoss ©) wosie- 9) Wand Wsind © one-@ () an(0-0) 10, Amicrowavetelephonelinkoperatingatthecentral frequency of 10 GHz has been established. If 2% OF this is available for microwave communication channel, then how many telephone channels can be simultaneously granted if each telephone is allotted a bandwidth of 8 kHz. (a) 23%10° (6) 25x10 (c) 2.5% 108 (d) 2.5 «107 42 cuemistay ropay| Hare 1. 2. 3B. 4. 15. 16. wv. 18. A ball of mass 0.2 kg is thrown vertically upwards by applying a force by hand. If the hand moves 0.2 m while applying the force and the ball goes up to 2 m height further, find the magnitude of the force. (Take g = 10 m/s") (a) 16N) (6) 20N (&) 2N @)4N The relation between time ! and distance vis t=axt+Pr where crand are constants. The retardation is, (a) 2a? (b) 280? (c) 2aBo* (a) 260? The resistor in which maximum heat will be produced is aa sa Mi us 6 vo 20 Lo, (@) 62 22 |@52 4a The period of oscillations of a magnet is 2s. When it is remagnetised so that the pole strength is 4 times, its period will be (45°) 2s (1s @)8s The flux linked with a circuit is given by = +3t—7. The graph between time (x-axis) and induced emf (y-axis) will be a (a) straight line through the origin (b) straight line with positive intercept (©) straight line with negative intercept (a) parabola not through the origin A balloon will carry a total weight of 175 kg when the temperature and pressure are normal. What load will the balloon carry on rising to a height where pressure is 50 cm of mercury and temperature 10°C, assuming that the envelope maintains a constant volume? (@) 120kg (6) 12kg (©) 50kg @) 150kg To measure the refracting angle (A) of a prism, the paths of rays reflected from the prism surface are traced using vertical pins placed on a sheet of paper. If the angle of minimum deviation for the prism is D,, then the angle between the rays reflected from two surfaces of the prism will be (a) A+Dm (b) 2(A+Dm) (co) 24 (dy a A body is projected such that its kinetic energy at the top is (3/4)" ofits initial kinetic energy. What is the angle of projection with the horizontal? (a) 30° (b) 60?) 45° (A) 120° 19, Water rises to a height of 10 cm in a capillary tube and mercury falls toa depth of 3.5 em in the same capillary tube. If the density of the mercury is 136 gice and its angle of contact is 135° and density of water is 1 g/cc and its angle of contact is 0°, then the ratio of surface tension of the two liquids is (cos 135°=-0.7) (a) 1:14 (b) 5:34 ©) 1:5 @) 5:27 20, Four particles of masses m, 2m, 3nt and 4m are arranged at the corners of a parallelogram with each side equal to « and one of the angle between two adjacent sides is 60°. The parallelogram lies in the x-y plane with mass m at the origin and 4m on the x-axis, The centre of mass of the arrangement will be located at ws (aoa) 0 (ass. © (4) 21. Two boys are standing at the ends A and B of a ground where AB =a, The boy at B starts running in a direction perpendicular to AB with velocity 2, The boy at A starts running simultaneously with velocity v and catches the other boy ina time 1, where Fis a (a) oe i) a Array of light is incident on a thick slab of glass of thickness f as shown in the figure, The emergent ray is parallel to the incident ray but displaced sideways by a distance d, If the angles are small then dis, 23. 24. 26. 27. 28. 29. Two objects A and B when placed in turns in front of a concave mirror, give images of equal The focal length of the concave mirror is 7.5 cm and size of object A is three times the size of object B. The distance of B from the mirror, if A is placed 30 em from the mirror, is (a) 18cm (b) Sem (©) 2em (a) 25m The dimensions of ipl/MB, where jp is the permeability of free space, I is the moment of inertia, M is the magnetic moment and B is the magnetic induction respectively, are those of (a) time (b) (time)? (9) (time) (a) (time)! . An electron in a hydrogen atom makes a transition from 11 = 7 to 21= "The time period of the electron in the initial state is eight times that in the final state. The possible values ofr; and 1p are (a) manga? (2) m=8,m=1 (b) m=8, 9-2 (d) m=6,12=2 The escape velocity for a planet is vA tunnel is dug along a diameter of the planet and a small body is dropped into it at the surface. When the body reaches the centre of the planet, its speed willbe (a) zero b) > 2 OF Me An ideal gas (y = 1.5) is expanded adiabatically, How many times has the gas to be expanded to reduce the root mean square velocity of molecules 2 times? (a) A times (©) 16 times (©) 8 times (@) 2 times ‘The moment of inertia of a body about a given axis is 1.2 kg m?. Initially, the body is at rest. In order to produce a rotational kinetic energy of 1500 joule, an angular acceleration of 25 rad/s* must be applied about that axis for a duration of @ 4s) 25 © 8s @) 10s A simple pendulum has a time period T, when on the earth’s surface, and T, when taken to a height R above the earth's surface, where R is the radius of earth. The value of 72 is i @) 1 &) v2 @4 (@) 2 nesta ropa | war'it 43 31. 32, 33, 35. ‘The combination of gates shown below yields (©) OR gate (A) XOR gate Ao—f (a) NAND gate (©) NOF gate The respective number of significant figures for the numbers 23.023, 0.0008 and 2.1 « 10° are (a) 44,2 (by 5,1,2 (515 (A) 5.5.2 ‘Two fixed frictionless inclined planes making an angle 30° and 60” with the vertical are shown in the figure. Two blocks A and B are placed on the two planes, What is the relative vertical acceleration of Awith respect to B? © \ (a) 4.9ms7in vertical direction (b) 4.9 ms in horizontal direction (c) 9.8ms*in vertical direction (a) zet0 The equation of a wave on a string of linear mass density 0.04 kg mis given by = (m) sin _—— yo2 an) [=(cae5 osm ‘The tension in the string is (a) 6.25N (b) 40N (c) 125N (d) O5N Halt-life of a radioactive substance is 20 minute. The time between 20% and 80% decay will be (a) 20min (&) 30 min (©) 40min () 25min If @+5=€anda+b=c, then the angle included between jj and bis (a) 90° (b) 180° (@) zero Which of the following graphs cannot possibly represent one dimensional motion of a particle? (©) 120° mesa Tooay | vi 37. 38, 39. 40. ‘covered Time rT ‘Total distance us i (a) Tand TT (b) Mand TI (Mand IV (a) LM, Mand Iv Aman, of mass60 kg, isriding ina lift. The weights of the man, when the lift is accelerating upwards and downwards at 2m sare respectively (Taking g=10ms%) (a) 720N and 480 N (©) 600 N and 600 N the (b) 480.N and 720N (a) none of these Choose from the following, SI: The efficiency of a heat engine can be 1, but the coefficient of performance of a refrigerator can never be infinity. ‘The first law of thermodynamics is basically the principle of conservation of energy. $3 : The second law of thermodynamics does not allow several phenomena consistent with the first law. St: A process, whose sole result is the transfer of heat from a colder object to a hotter object is impossible, (@) SL) 83) 2A) SA Each of the thtee parallel wires, A, B and C are carrying current I in the direction shown in the figure. The wire B will no Oe (a) ) (9) (dp incorrect statement 92: move to the right move to the left remain stationary moved down in the direction of the current A researcher wants an alarm to sound when the temperature of air in his controlled research chamber rises above 40°C or falls below 20°C. The alarm can be triggered by the output of a (a) AND gate (b) NAND gate (9 NOT gate (a) OR gate 41. If Apis the threshold wavelength for photoelectric emission, 2 the wavelength of light falling on the surface ofa met and nthe mac of the econ, then the velocity of ejected electron is given by 2 ' va | © 4-0] : 2 2 11) mlay 2) 42. Identify Y in the given reaction sequence. ‘CH (9 03 COCH; (a) (b) | OCH; (c) (d) CHjCHyCH;CH,CH,COCH 43. 0.5 g of an organic compound gave 62.2 mL of No by Dumas method. Calculate the % of N in this x Hy COCH, compound. (a) 26.33% (b) 42.72% (o) 34.52% (A) 15.35% 44. In the following compounds: 0. ~ elelere ‘ i. yy H " H 1 u uM wv the order of basicity is (@) >> MT (©) Woo mtv (b) I>1>1V>1 (@ I> ts 1v 45. The hybridisations of atomic orbitals of nitrogen in NOz, NO and NHj are (a) sp, sp? and sp? respectively (b) sp, sp? and sp? respectively (©) sp? sp and sp? respectively (a) sp, sp? and sp respectively. 46, Among the following compounds, the decreasing, order of reactivity towards electrophilic substitution is CH; OCH; CFs f 0 i w 48. 49. 5a, (a) II>1>0>1V () [>> ilalv At what temperature will a 5% solution (weight/volume) of glucose develop an osmotic pressure of 7 atm? (a) 33.94°C (b) 54.76°C (©) 2455°C (a) 4732°C Which of the following compounds does not liberate O. in Bunsen burner flame? (a) MgO (b) NaNO; (©) Pb304 (a) KCI An organic compound ‘X’ when treated with CH;—Mgl followed by acidification gives “Y” (CsHi0) which gives CsHio on heating with copper. The srutire of 'X willbe () IV>1> 11> (@) I> I> Ila Iv i ve (®) CH—C-GHs (6) CHy—CH—CH=0 (©) CH3CH)CH)—CH: (d) (CH3);C—CH: Calculate q and w for the isothermal reversible expansion of one mole of an ideal gas from an initial pressure of 1.0 bar to a final pressure of 0.1 bar at a constant temperature of 273 K. (a) 522K), -5.22K) — (b) ~5.22Kj,5.22K) (©) 273K),-273k) (d) -273k), 273K . The oxidation state of Fe in Mobr’s salt is @ +3 +2 |] +6 @+4 52. The final product ‘Q’ in the following reaction is (Malay eter (i O0z Q ay OMT CHy COCHs CHy Cy cH, oC ‘COOH CH &) CH; (a) Chee 0 ‘COCH . The increasing order of number of atoms present in the following is (1) 52 moles of Ar (II) 52 of He @ M=ayRetones>AMhy de> thns> Hydrocarbons © Soibiey= Mo}salar mace 2 Slut inwateriedueto H-bonding hetreenporeatonylgroupand wate. © Aroma ety and tones a a oul thn corespneting alias en detonee toa hydrating o-w+8 ‘Aly es Ketoesterc and lectronkceasos) LHCHO>RCHO>PHCHO> RCOR> RCOPR=PHCOPh eels > Ss Nuno =o} =o, N-Z+H0 [2— Atk Ary “OH. —Nils NCHS] der nt ive tot) ‘Adwpredclour formaldehyde dows rotenone. ‘Allie sodas ntroprose Recolour which changes tnorang ‘e F Bas agen Pink colour ‘Nocalour aren | Greer aa. ao — > neo > pacino neo areal oR > nono sc, 7 ayn opin 2 nec Baan pc 2 RCH 2H REO cee with doing gn) err © ROR BE» RCOOH cut mgoscten ne Hoaofom rato ‘General farmala:C,H,,,COOH cree eeeerensi eee cceeeereted CHCHHOH— group TUPAC mame: Alkane aid Test | _Carbrgicasds —[ —Phenot NICO, | Brakefereseenceat | Noracton CO, Aol sondern FG, | Bulleloued pe | Vile cour coc) > RcoONs ~cH, > Aldehydes and tones having al sat one tl atom © Carboy citbon ener tancirbonlestbn, 2 Hyroxyproupol acids ior acidic than theron roupofalestak and penal > Aciliy onder: Cabnicacde>Phenle> Aloe 9 EDGdecesesthe aii and EWGincrenes thea © Moris the isiance between the eareny roup and eleczon withdrawing group, lesser See eee > Mowe the eecuonegtity of de ato atached to the carboxyl group, mare ail be thea Reactions nvalving cleavage ot ~ON grap ‘andeno 2 ncton inthe pres of taba a aly {0 form Byron alsohydos (kal or Bayaro¥s ketenes (Geol eget 2 Thealdclandkeoleady se watertogive runt trong compoince annzzaro reaction: Pca re eet nee peter er Aispeoport tinct eating with concent ala fe accor poss hp EOW Eg ccooy ae eS aaa SOT LSet > scones, ving proton of -OH gp (8C0),0 ose Rig substation in aromatic sede COOH group is descivtng andnetadreing ° In-tion Reactions inv 2 B pol exboxlic acids areigher than aldehydes etones and alcohols of comporable meleulsy masses due fo eee pt order: Carbonyl acde> Akolls> Alchydes> > Invopourphaseorinapraisniens heen odie, 2 Selby = Umber of atoms 2 Sob inwaterisdueto H-bonding. COONS Fc coon 110 S885 aacoonat COs! TiS rcoonn C0, #40 eseson volving X= group ouamyenerornee TIT Bea x8 cau] a. ce 104, nition you ico, P| SSeS J Bient 8» ait oriseo, Reson ivoling —R group x 55. To avoid the precipitation of hydroxides of Ni*, Co, Zn** and Mn** along with those of Fe, AI* and Cr the third group solution should be (a) heated with a few drops of cone. HNOs (b) treated with excess of NH,CI (©) concentrated (d) None of these. 56, The IUPAC name of the following compound is CH; ect I ee Keay GH. (a) 1-ethyl-4-(-methylhexy))cyclohex-1- ene (b)_I-ethyl-4-(1 4-dimethylpentyD}eyclohex-I-ene (Q) 5-(1,4-dimethyipentyi) 2-thyleyciohex-I-ene (d) 4-(1, 4-dimethylpentyl)-I-ethylcyclohex-L-ene, 57, Silver is monovalent and has an atomic mass of 108. Copper is divalent and has an atomic mass 0F 63.6. The same electric current is passed, for the same length of time through a silver coulometer and a copper coulometer. If 27.0 g of silver is deposited, then the corresponding amount of copper deposited is, (a) 63.603 () 31.808 (9) 15903 (a) 795, 58. The salts of which one of the following elements do not impart characteristic colour to the Bunsen flame? (a) Magnesium (©) Strontium (b) Calcium (A) Sodium Which one of the following is a quaternary salt? @ 7 Sw durer wo Ud NCD diy 60. If K, and K, are the respective equilibrium constants forthe two reactions: XeFqg) + HO) => XeOF up +2HFp) and XeOyg + XeF ig) => XCOF eg) + XO3F ayy the equilibrium constant of the reaction: XeOy)+ 2HFQ) = XeOgFag) + H20 9) will be. (2) KUKE (©) Ki-Ky (©) Ki/ Kz (@) Ka/ Ky 39. (©) (CH):NHCr (@ (CHy.NCT 48 cuemistay pay | are 61. 2. 63. 6. 67. 68. 69. In the following reaction, CH3CH,COOH => x the product Y'is (a) lactic acid (&) ethylamine (© propylamine —(d) alanine. A compound contains atoms X, Y and Z. The oxidation number of X is +3, Yis +5 and Z is -2. The possible formula of the compound is (a) XYZ (b) Yo(XZs)2 (©) X02 (@) Xs%2)2 Graph between log k and 1/T [where k is rate constant (in s“!) and T is the temperature (in K)] is a straight line with OX = 5, 0 = tan"! (1/2.303). Hence E, will be Nugfale, My x (a) 2.303 = 2 cal log, ) eal Bick 2308 _ (©) 2eal (a) None of these. ° VT |. A colourless salt gives white precipitate with CaCl, solution. The salt also decolourises acidified MnO, with effervescence. On reaction with cone. H;SOy the salt gives a colourless gaseous mixture containing (@) CO,CO, (9 CO, HS Salol can be used as (a) an antiseptic (©) an analgesic (b) CO, 50, (a) CO, S02 (b) an antipyretic (4) a disinfectant. . The order of the magnitude of ionic radii of ions N*,O* and F is (a) N3->02-> F ( NP->02 (a) N-F Which of the following is pseudo alum? (a) (NH,):80,.Fex($0y)3.24H0 (6) K,505.A1(S0,)324H,0 (©) MnSO,.Al(SO,)3.24H0 (a) None of these. Which of the following organic compounds does not give iodoform test? (a) CH;CH;OH (b) CH3CH;CH,CH,OH (©) (CHy:CHOH (dd) CH;COCH3 The unit cell of a binary alloy composed of Aand B metals, has a cep structure with A atoms occupying the comers and B atoms occupying centres of each face of the cube. If during the 70. 7, 73. 74, 76. crystallization of this alloy, in the unit cell, two A atoms are missed, the overall composition per unit cell is (a) ABg (&) AB (©) ABs () AsBat The hormone that controls the contraction of the uterus aiter child birth and releases milk from the mammary glands is, (a) oxytocin (©) thyroxine Chemical’A’ is used for water softening toremove temporary hardness. ’A’ reacts with sodium carbonate to generate caustic soda. When CO, is bubbled through ‘4’, it turns cloudy. What is ‘AD (a) CaCOs (&) C20 (©) Ca(OH), (A) CaCO). Gaseous benzene reacts with hydrogen gas in the presence of a nickel catalyst to form gaseous cyclohexane according to the reaction: CoHag) + Hayy —> CHa) ‘A mixture of CoH, and excess Hy has a pressure of 60 mm of Hg in an unknown volume. After the gas had been passed over a nickel catalyst and all the henzene converted to cyclohexane, the pressure of the gas was 30 mm of Hg in the same volume, at the same temperature. The fraction of CgH, (by volume) present in the original volume is, @) 18 &) 14 ©) 15) 6 Analkane with the formula CF, canbe prepared by the hydrogenation of only two alkenes (CcHi.) IUPAC name of the alkane is (a) 2,2-dimethylbutane (b) 2,3-dimethylbutane (©) 2-methylpentane (d) hexane. (©) vasopressin (a) adrenaline. 2.0 g of oxygen contains number of atoms equal to that in (a) 4.0gofsulphur —(b) 7.0 g of nitrogen (0) 05 gofhydrogen (d) 2.3 g of sodium. Which of the following values of stability constant K corresponds to the most unstable complex compound? (a) 16107 (©) 20% 107 (&) 4510! (2) 5.0 «10 2-Propanol on vigorous oxidation followed by heating with ammonia and subsequent treatment with Bry/KOH gives (a) CH;—CH)—NH, (b) CHy—CH-CHs NF (9 CHj-NH, (a) CHBr; and HCOOK 77. 0.22 g of an organic compound C.H,O which occupied 112 mL at STP, and on combustion gave 0.44 g of CO», The ratio of x to y in the compound is @) 1:1) 1:2 1:3) @) 14 78. The numbers of monochloro derivatives obtained with Cl/io from the following: “~ 1 0 il @) L411 ) 121 (2.21 (a) 2.2.2 79. The maximum concentration of M’ ions that can, be attained in a saturated solution of MSO, at 298 Kis (Ky= 12% 10) (a) 7.0*103M (by 346%10M (© 288%107M = (d) 144 105M 80, Hard steel can be further hardened by heating it to red hot and then cooling it by plunging it into cold water, this process is called (a) annealing (b) quenching (©) smelting (a) tempering, Ps 81, The continued product of four roots of sya (con 2) is equal to . @o 1 @i 82. The number of real solutions of the equation [244x431 +2x+5=0 are @1 2 ©3 we 83. Let A= (1,2 1, B=@1,2,C=@-4 4), D=(Q,-2,2)and E=(4, 1, 2)be five points. The line AB meets the plane CDE at the points (a) (3,-1,3) (b) (3,0, 3) © 1) (2) 20,2) @ a 84. If f(xy=sin“2rVi—x7), then fis strict increasing on cnemistay ropa | vars 49 @ 11 ) [-3 + + ©) 1.1) (@) None of these 85. On each evening a boy either watches DOORDARSHAN channel or TEN SPORTS. The probability that he waiches TEN SPORTS is 4 Ihe watches DOORDARSHAN, there is a chance of 3 that he will fall asleep, while it is 2 when 4 4 he watches TEN SPORTS. On one day, the boy is found to be asleep. The probability that the boy watched DOORDARSHAN is 5 2 3 MF WF OF 86, The centre of a circle passing through the point © 1) and touching the curve y = x* at (2, 4) 4 @ @) " 16,22) &) -#,5) > (Fas ) (18 87. m Pann ‘means have been inserted between 1 and 31 in such a way that the ratio of the 7"" and the (m= 1)! means is 5: 9, the value of mis @ 2 3 @w @i5 (d) none of these 88, In ABC, if A= 30° andthe area sis (92 then the difference of the angles B and Cis 7° &) oF © 9 (a) A 89. Jet costs toute is equal to (2) Facosthx-)+bsinftx+ 0) +C (b) e™ ze lacos(bx +c) + bsin(bx +0)}+C © = lacos(bx +.) +bsin(bx +¢)) #C 48) (d) none of these 90. A box contains two white balls, three black balls, and four red balls. In how many ways can three balls be drawn from the box, if at least one black ball is to be included in the draw? (a) 64 (&) 45 () 46 (A) none of these 50_cuemistay ropay| are 91. 92. 93. oa. 95. 96. Let the area of a given ABC be A. Points Ay, By, C, are the mid points of the sides BC, CA and AB respectively. Point Az is the mid point of CAy, Lines CiA; and AAz meet the median BB) at points £ and D respectively. If A; be the area of the quadrilateral A,A2DE, then 2 is equal to 2 OF i+} and 5 = 2~k, thepointof intersection ul 13 ©) 56 @ a of the line 7x@=b xa and Fxb=axb (a) ~isjek (b) 3i-j+k (© si+j-k (@) i-j-k Jim 22 fe" Ape — tan ie? x? is equal to (a) 15 (by 14 (9) 13 (d) 12 x Ata point Pon the ellipse at er is drawn. Ifthe point Q be at a distance ; from "ngetP0 the point P, where ‘p’ is distance of the tangent from the origin, then the locus of the point Q is, 2 x @ = 1 x © 2 @o@8 or ° If a is a non-real cube root of unity then (a+ ho + cw? + (@ + bw? + ce) is equal to (a) (@+b—gb+e-ay(e+a—b) (©) (a—b-2(b-c-ay(e-a-B) (2) Qa—b-0)2b—c-aj(2e~a~b) (a) none ot these “X’ speaks truth in 60% and “Y’ in 50% of the cases. The probability that they contradict each other while narrating the same incident, is @t oot o1 @2 4 3 2 3 . Let 7 bea vector parallel to the line of intersection of the planes P; and P2, Plane P; is parallel to the vectors 2)+0k and 4j- ak, Plane Ps is parallel to the vectors ji and 3i+3). Then the angle between the vector d anda given vector 274 j- 2k is a) = x Sn 2n OF OF OF wMH 98. Range of sin? + x rsow tf? -3] where [.] denotes the greatest integer function, is @ {Ea} ©) in) of 99, The complex number 2;, 22 and 25 satisfying AW (4) none of these are the vertices of a triangle which is (a) of area zero (©) right angled isosceles (©) equilateral (d) obtuse angled isosceles. 100.Let i, and @ be three unit vectors such that a+o+ ix (OX) =6, (XO) RD = Eat 2 7 liile2. Then the value of #8 and & in terms of 5 and é, i equal to (d) none of these aw -20 wy J (a) 7 10 231 sin® xd Sf sin? xd equals 4 at an &) 54 (©) 4 0 102.Let the unit vector @ and 6 are inclined at an angle 29 and |i—b| <1, then if 0 $ @ $1, @ lies in © [aS] © [gh[Fa) of] @ Fe] 103. Thesum of the infinite series 1+ 4+ 34 164.00 233 i: Bes 4 9 4 @> FF ©F 104. The function f(x) ssin xx?) + j @ 1 be-1) is defined in the interval (where [.] is the greatest intoger) (BB) [148) 2 0 EMS) @ (448) 1105.The distance between two parallel lines is unity. A point P lies between the lines at a distance 4 from one of them. The length of a side of an equilateral APQR, vertex Q of which lies on one of the parallel lines and vertex R lies on the other line, is (2a sa41 3 A eee (© VP tart 3 1106. 1f cand are the roots of the equation ax? + br +¢=0 and S_=1+0!"+B", then % SS Sy Sy $3 |= SS 5 (0 ) (0? —4acyatb+eP a a 2 acy? ( asec (d) none of these 1 1 te ig equal 10°. | Soguh Toes Square logy +1 [Slog +3] ©) ate © be ET log 41 logx +3) Jog 821) 1 +c © log 284 (2) Te8foge+l 108. Consider the following two statements P and Q, 3) vcosee#(tan-14)-15 Which of the following options holds? (a) Both P and Qare true (b) Pis true, but is false (©) Pis false, but Qis true (a) Both P and Q are false 109.A coin is so weighted such that the probabil of it showing H (Head) is 2/3 and that of T(Tail) is 1/3 when it is tossed. If head appears, then a nesta tooAt |war'i4 51 number from the first 9 naturals is selected at random, otherwise a number from 1,2, 3, 4,5 willl be selected. Let E be the event of getting an even number. Then, -4 =20 @ PEM=$ Oo) PUHIE)=H 58 o =e (d) all of these () PE)= 35 @ 100. The area bounded by the curves y= sin x, y= cos x Big 2 (@)_ (4y2-1) sq. units (6) (V2 -1) sq. units (©) (J2-4)5q. units (@) none of these between the abcissaes x = 0 and F201 0 represents pir of stright i lines such that slope of one line is twice the other. ‘Then, ab : I? is (a 9:8) 8:9 2 ani a (1:2 @) 21 112. function y = fx) satisfies the condition fG)sinx + f(x) cos x= 1, Q) being bounded when a2 5-90. ffs thon 0 x RercE (a) gist (b) 1 T 7 co) 1c dd) O b is twice their geometric mean, Then a: is equal to 0) 2-V3):(2+N3) ©) @+V3):2- V3) (2 (W3+0:03-0 125. A tangentisdrawn to the parabola y2=4ax at Psuch that it cuts the y-axis at Q. A line perpendicular to this tangent is drawn through Q which cuts the axis of the parabola at R. Ifthe rectangle PORS is completed, then the locus of $ is (a) yh= (x ayfage—a)? ~y2(a? 20) (b) v= (x—ayate—a)? + y2(x? 20) (0) v4=(x— aya — a)? -¥°G? +22) (d) none of these ENA ae Directions (Questions 126 to 128) : Read the passage and answer the following questions. ‘The Nobel Committee, in fact, a notoriously conservative body which among other things had a marked antipathy to pure science, especially to ‘Mathematical Physics. Restrained by aclause in Alfred. Nobel's will that the prize should go to the person whose ‘discovery or invention’ shall have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind, the committee initially ignored the great theoretical advances in Physics. Wrecked, no doubt, by guilt that he had become a merchant of death through his invention of dynamite and smokeless powder and plagued by sadistic fantasies of destruction, the Swedish chemist, engineer and aspiring poet, Alfred Nobel, who has been described as Europe's richest vagabond, left his, colossal fortune to the cause of progress in human knowledge. Five prizes were installed, one each for literature (‘to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature, the most outstanding work af an idealistic tendency’), Physics, Chemistry, Medicine and Peace (‘to the person who shall have done the _most or the best work for fratemnity among nations for abolition or reduction of armies, and for holding or promotion of peace’) (d) none of these 126.The Nobel Committee has conservative body because (a) its members are old fashioned (b) it awards prizes only to those people who adopt a conservative approach (0) itis conservative in choice of subjects (a) its members believe in a conservative ideology. 127.In the beginning, the Nobel Committee ignored the great advances in theoretical physics because (a) the Committee felt that the discovery and invention in the field did not contribute to the benefit of mankind (b) they proved to be merchants of death and hence dangerous to mankind (©) they were different from other branches of physics (a) they were concemed with theory and did not suggest its application. been called a 1128. Nobel prize would notbe given to (a) a composer who composed a symphony (b) an author who wrote a novel (©) adiplomat who negotiated a peace settlement (a) doctor who discovered a vaccine Directions (Questions 129 to 130) : Pick out the correct ‘synonyms for each of the folowing words. 129. Fragment (a) Crumble (b) Scrap (©), Dissection (@) Cut 130.Consolidate (a) Unite (b) Conspire (© Contrive () Connive Directions (Questions 131 to 132) : In each of the following questions, an idiomatic expressiorva proverb has ‘been given, followed by some alternatives. Choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given idiom or proverb, 131.To keep the wolf away from the door (a) to keep alive (b) to hold the difficulties and dangers in check (©) to keep away from extreme poverty (a) to keep off an unwanted and undesirable person. 132.Dog in the manger (a) a person who puts himself in difficulties on account of other people (b) a person who prevents others from enjoying something useless to himself (©) an undersized bull almost the shape of a dog (A) a dog that has no kennel of its own. cnemistay ropa | vars 53 Directions (Questions 133 to 137): Rearrange the given five sentences A, B, C, D, E and in the proper sequence 80 a8 to form @ meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below them. ‘A. Moder science has produced some good drugs for these ailments. B. Heart ailments are very common these days. C. So Lalways prefer taking milk these days as it contains no fat D. But this can also be prevented by taking fatless food. E, That is why people call this era as the age of heart troubles. 133.Which of the following should be the third sentence? fa) Cc ) D (A dE 134.Which of the following should be the first sentence? (a) B oD @A WE 135.Which of the following should be the second sentence? (a) B ) D @c @eE 136.Which of the following should be the fourth sentence? @ B ©) D @A dec 137.Which of the following should be the last sentence? @B ®C WMD @MA Directions (Questions 138 to 140) ; In each of the following questions, a word has been written in four different ways out of which only one is correctly spelt. Find the correctly spelt word. 138.(a) Tentitive (b) Tantitive (9) Tentaitive (a) Tentative 139.(a) Obsession (6) Obsessien (©) Obssesion (A) Obssession 140.(a) Accompalish (6) Acomplush (©) Accomplish (d) Ackmptesh 141.In the following letter series, some of the letters are missing which are given in that order as one of the alternatives below it. Choose the correct alternative a__becb__ ca _cca__haab_e (@) ababe (6) abcaa (¢) accab (A) bacaa 54 cuemistay ropay| are 1142. Select the one which satisfies the same conditions, of placement of the dots as in Fig. (X).. Fig. @ ) © (d) AY 143, Assuming that the characters in each set follow a similar pattern, find the missing character in the following figure. (© 240 (a) none of these 4, Select a figure from amongst the answer figure which will continue the same series as establised by the five problem figure. Ss Sl=/2 15 |= | |o 27 |v |wo | ar a ofa] of = = © (d) SS oe 145. Arun walks 10 metres in front and 10 metres to, the right. Then every time turning to his left, he walks 5, 15 and 15 metres respectively. How far is he now from his starting point? (a) 5 metres (b) 10 metres, (9) 20 metres (A) 23 metres 146.In a coding language, the letters of the English alphabet are arranged in such a manner that all the vowels are put in the end and the remaining letters are arranged from the first letter onwards. The rearranged alphabets are used to denote the position occupied by letter in the original alphabets. What is the code of FEMALE? (a) HGQBPG (b) HGBQPG (©) LWPVMN (a) QGYBLG 147. Select the figure from the given option in which Fig. (X) is exactly embeddd as one of its part. A Fie) Bw SS o BS @ BON 148. Read the following, information and answer the questions given below it Ais the father of C. But C is not his son. Eis the daughter of C. F is the spouse of A. Bis the brother of C. D is son of B. Gis the spouse of B. H is the father of G. Who is the son of F? @B wc WD WE 149,Read the following information carefully to answer the question given below. Six person A, B,C, D, Band F were playing a game of cards. A’s father, mother and uncle were in the group. There were two women. B, the mother of ‘A, got more points than her husband. D got more points than E but less than F. Niece of E got lowest points. Father of A got more points than F but could not win the game. Who won the game? @A ©B OD OF 150.Choose the altemative which most closely resembles the water-image of the given combination. ab45CD67 (a) aprecDes (©) SpFECD9S (b) spt2cDea (@) sprecDex, PHYSICS 1. (a):y(6,=80 sin (05mx~ Ant 2) Comparing it with a standard wave equation ‘21 Qnt yeasin (228 9 2. (b): As the capacitors are connected in parallel, therefore potential differenceacrossboth the capacitors remains the same. e o ca c Q1=cV; = SV Also, Q= 0; +Q.= cv +Ev= Sev Work done in charging fully both the condensors is given by Loy Ay (3 Bay2 w-ov =2x{2cv \v=2cv' 22 ra } 4 3 @) 4 tb: -2 ‘ 32 or, Pes (i) When 6.8 resistance is connected in series with P, then the balance point shifted as or 3P= Pre Q | 3PH6)_ ass Fe or P+6=20 wu (ii) From (), 246=20 or, 6 ot, = Qed. Then P=2, 5 6. (qd); According to Finstein’s photoelectric equation Lie 1g he he pPBfran =A My OF 5 Mra, EF where 1. is the wavelength of incident radiation and Ao is threshold wavelength. daa on (hf) 6 1 rot ene( 4-2) ii Fmeny =e 2-a5) ii) dia 14 1_k eg, 1_ 307m PT ai Rhy rar Solving for X, we get 2/ = 300 nm ‘chemstay TooaY |va"'14 55 2. (d): Ey=66V mt p,-B-% 22x10 T © 3x10" ° Since electromagnetic wave is of transverse nature. Hence electric field if is along y-axis the magnetic field ‘must be along 2-axis, since the propagation of wave is, along x-axis. Thus the equations given in aption (d) are correct. 8. (c): Intaking the particle along the positive x-axis from origin (0) 0) to the point (a, 0) W, =] Fed frkwiespiar ki +x) fde ero In taking the particle parallel to y- G@ 0) to the point (2, a) from the point W, =[P-dg=J-kqwitxp-jay =f-k(yitah-jdy =-kafdy=—ke? 0 Q ‘Total work done W = W + W>=0~ ka? =~ ka? 9. (b): The various forces acting on the block are shown in figure. SS Here, w= tang £ or f=Rtand i) ‘The condition for the block just to move is Feosd = f= Rtand ii) and Fsind + W=R or R=W+ Fsin@ (i) From equations (ii) and (iii), we get Feos® = (IW + Fsin0) tang = Wand + Fsin0 tarp sing _Wsing cosh ~ cos ‘or F{cos6 cosd — sin@ sing) = Wsind or Feos(0-+ 4) = Wsing Wsing cos(0+ 9) or Feos8-Fsin8 10, (b): Microwave frequency used in telephone link = 10 GHz = 10 « 10° Hz = 10" Hz, 56 cuemistny ropay| Are Frequency available for microwave communication = 02% 10° Hz Bandwidth of each telephone channel =8kHz=8 «10° Hz Nanter of misroave Wephone chanel me oi 11. (b): Let o be the velocity given by hand and it be the height to which the ball goes. = mgh @ wl 2 If F is the force apy through 0.2 m, then by the hand as it moves mo? + P<02 = mg(h+2) Ali) Using (© gh + Fx 0.2=mgh-+mg x2 “tig? = 10mg = 10 x0.2%10=20N. 02 = x(ox +B) “Blox dé Br20xy 13, (): 3 & 6 @ and 2 2 resistances are in parallel, So, potential drop across them will be equal. Of these, three resistances maximum heat will be generated across 2 Q resistance Het ot Het] R R Similarly, 5 @ ancd 4 @ resistances are also in parallel 0, more heat will be generated across 4 2 resistor. Now the given circuit can be redrawn as 20 10 nod ; i Power developed across 2 Q resistor will be n-B(2f¥ 235) 2 Power developed across 4 @ resistor, ?s os P2> Py 0 FV 4 14. (c): The time period of small oscillations of a magnet in a magnetic field is given by [LE T=2n,| VMB where is the moment of inertia of magnet. 7 2 IME 15. (d): Given flux = +3¢-7 a i Induced emi, -3F-3 das ~ £0 43-7 al! ) This is the equation of a parabola but not through the origin. 16, (a): Lifting capacity of balloon = weight of air displaced 2 Ie Veg where po = density of air at 0°C and 76 cm of mercury. Lot We the lifting capacity at -10°C and 50 em of mercury. We= Vos. where p = density of air at “10°C and 50 cm of mercury. wee 173 > p=2 rt or pak». 2-Pyh M Tp mT W=175 x2 Ma 175. 25273 RT 76 * 263 =120kg 17. A According to the given problem J n(ucosoy? = 3x hima? 2 2 Poy WxIxE07) 5 Siig MaigPrig O80” C35)x136x1 20. (b) 21. (b): ‘The two boys meet at C after time f, Taking horizontal motion of boy A from A to C, c0s0t t-—L= eos fs 22. (0: t # From figure, in right angled ACDB ZCBD = (i~1) sing-)=CP = BC BC BCsin(i~ @ Also, in right angled ACNB t oor ace i BC” BC cosr i Substitute equation (i) in equation (i), we get t A. sini-1) cosr For small angles sin(i~7) 7; cosr dein d ‘CHEMISTRY TODAY | Var '14. 57 23. (b) 24. (b) 25, (a): In the nt orbit, let r, = radius and v,, = speed. of electron. Time period 7, = 22 w Jhon? or Tyr? 7 1 Now y,e1 and vet 2 2 Here, e(h =2 of m=2m i 26. (c) [aR 27. (b): rms f= gus is to reduce two times, i., temperature of the gas will have to reduce four times OF Ogg 96 VF or EA1 T 4 During adiabatic process, TV" constant Ty tery 1 1 o VA(Ly _ yma vilp =) 2. Velev 28, (b): Rotational kinetic energy a2 yy? =! yen? =! ee? Ky = jlo? = 5 Many = 5 lee Substituting the given values, we get 1500 = 3 1.2% (5) or A =4 or fH28 29, (di gr = 8 at the earth's surface and at height R from surface of earth. ‘Time period of a simple pendulum of length !is, rem (Q) otek \S. vs 30. (b): oi sy > — pe 58 cuemistay ropay| are ‘The Boolean expression of the given circuit is A+B (Using De Morgan theorem) =A+B (Using Boolean identity) ‘This is same as the Boolean expression of OR gate. 31. (b): (i) All the non-zero digits are significant. Gi) All the zeros between two non-zero digits are significant, no matter where the decimal point is, if at all. (ii) If the number is less than 1, the zero(s) on the right of decimal point but to the left of the first non-zero digit are not significant. (Gv) The power of 10 is irrelevant to the determination of significant figures. According to the above rules, 23.023 has 5 significant figures. 0.0003 has 1 significant figures. 2.1 10-9 has? significant figures. 32. (a): The acceleration ofthe body down the smooth inclined plane is a= gsin8 Itis along the inclined plane. where is the angle of inclination The vertical component of acceleration 2 is Aisiong vertical) * (gSin6)sinO = sin? For block A, as(atong vertical) = 881960" For block B,djjatong vertical = $8i0°30° ‘The relative vertical acceleration of A with respect to Bis AAB(along vertical La(along vertical) ~ AB(along vertical _gsin760° — gsin?30° “(3) § 24.9 ms” in vertical direction. 33. (a) 34. (c): According to radioactive decay, N = Nye! where, ‘No= Number of radioactive nuclei present in the sample at !=0 N= Number of radioactive nuclei left undecayed after time # A= decay constant SON om a y, Pe Nye i For 20% decay, 55° = Nue “) 2ONy _ For 20Nd = Noe i ‘or 80% decay, (i) Dividing equation () by (i), we get 4=cMI-2 ey d=ela-) Taking natural logarithms of both sides of above equation, we get In2 In4=At—h) = 2In2=—=(t -h) 2 fat =2%Tyg=2*20 min =40 min 35. (d) 36. (d): Lisnot possible hecause total distance covered by a particle increases with time. ILis not possible because at a particular time, position cannot have two values. Tis not possible because at a particular time, velocity cannot have two values. IV is not possible because speed can never be negative. 37. (a): Here, m= 60 kg, g=10 ms, a=2ms? When the lift is accelerating upwards with constant acceleration «, the weight of the man is W’= m(g +.) = 60(10-+2)= 720 N When the lift is accelerating downwards with same acceleration a, the weight of the man is W"" = mi(g—a) = 60(10 - 2) = 480N 38. (a): Efficiency of a heat engine, 1 For =1 (ie. 100%) either T; == or Tz As source at infinite temperature or sink at 0 K are not attainable, therefore heat engine cannot have efficiency 1 39, (a): Parallel currents attract and antiparallel currents repel Since both the wires A and C exert forces an wire B towards right, hence the resultant force on wire B will be towards right. Hence, the wire B will move to the right. 40. CHEMISTRY Gi Zaih20 & jor -Acetyleyclopentene 43. (d): % of N (By Dumas method) _ 28% Volume of N, at STP 100 “22400 x Weight of compound = 2862.2 100 _ 45.5504 22400 0.5 °. Sy “—OOOg N- 7 Ns Ni \ H 1 H H 8 1 0 uw Ww T is most basic as the lone pair occupies an sp hybrid orbital therefore, it is available for donation. The next is the basicity of III as the lone ppair is again in sp"-hybrid orbital but presence of electronegative oxygen atom reduces the electron density on N. In case of IV, the lone pair is a part of aromatic sextet and in I, lone pair occupies an sp--hybrid orbital and is not a part of the aromatic sextet. Thus, the order of basicity is I> I> I> IV. 45. (a): The shapes of NO}, NO3 and NHj are linear, trigonal planar and tetrahedral, respectively. Thus, the hybridisations of atomic orbitals of nitrogen in these species are sp, sp* andl sp? respectively. 46. (a): Reactivity towards electrophilic substitution increases as the electron density in the benzene ring increases. Since —OCH is a strong electron donating group followed by —CH while —CF, is a strong electron withdrawing group therefore, the correct decreasing order of reactivity is M>1>1>1V. 47. (a): Given; w = 5 g V = 100 mL, x= 7 atm, M=180 g mol? Applying 2V= <7 -RT 100 5 10 - > x0.0821xT 1000 180 2100180 _ 396.94 K or 33.94°C 1000 5% 0.0821 48. (a): Magnesium oxide has high mt, therefore, it does not decompose in Bunsen bumer flame to give > gas. All other compounds decompose to give O> gas. : 2Pb,0, +> 6PO +0 2NaNO; —*> 2NaNO) + 0 2KC1O3 4 2KCI +30; 49. (a): From the preparation and molecular formula of Y, it is clear that Y is an alcohol. As Y on heating with copper gives hydrocarbon CsHyo, hence Y must be 3° alcohol. This 3° alcohol having 5 carbon atoms can be obtained only when 4 carbon atoms ketone (X) is treated with CH3—Mgl. nesta ropa |var'it 59 50. (a): Given = =1, Py=1bar,P;=0.1 bar, T=273 K w =~2.303 nRT log, == 2.303 «1 x 8,314 «273 log 1 on =~ 2.303 «1 x 8.314 «273 «1 5227 J =- 5.227 k} sothermal expansion, AU = 0 qe-w seg = (9.227) kJ = +5.227 ky 51. (b): Mohr’s salt is FeSO,.(NH4)2S0,.6H:0. Let the oxidation state of Fe be s. ‘Sum of the oxidation number for (NH4)20,= 0 ‘Sum of the oxidation number for HzO For Sum of the oxidation number for SO} x+(2)+0+6x0=0 xeH2 52. (dd: 53, (c): (I)1 mole of Ar contains 6.023 « 1023 atoms 52 moles of Ar will contain 6.023 x 10 « 52 13 x 105 atoms (Il) 4uof He=1 atom 52u of He=1x52=19 atoms (ID 4 g of He contain 6.023 « 10 atoms 52'g of He will contain — 6.02310 x52 . 4 54, (d): Nickel gives rose-red precipitate with dimethyl glyoxime. 55, (b): Hydroxides of third group elements are precipitated by adding excess of solid NHiCl to the solution followed by addition of excess of NHJOH. Due to common ion effect the degree of dissociation of NH,OH gets suppressed and hence the concentration of OH ions in the solution decreases which results in. precipitation of only group Ill hydroxides having low solubility products and not the group IV hydroxid which have high solubility products 7.83x10" atoms 60. cuemistay ropay| Are 56. (b): cH, aco cane He FEthy1-4+-(, 4-dimethylpentyl}eyclohex-I-ene 57. (d): When the same quantity of electricity is passed through the solutions of different electrolytes, the weights of the elements deposited are directly proportional to their chemical equivalents. Weof Cu deposited _ Fg. wt.of Cu We of Ag deposited Eq. wt.of Ag Wea _ 636/2 27 108/1 63.6%27 , =795; Co "3 108 8 58. (a); Like alkali metal salts, alkaline earth metal salts also impart characteristic flame colouration. Ca: Brick red Sr: Crimson red Ba: Apple green Na :Golden yellow K : Pale violet Be and Mg because of their high ionization energies, do not impart any characteristic colour to the Bunsen flame. 59, (d): N is attached to four carbon atoms. [XeOF,JIHFF [XeOF, XeO3F,] [XeF,}[H,0] [XeQ, ]IXeF,} [XeO,FpIITO] _K [XeO HEP Ky 60 (a): K, 6. (ay CHKCHLCOOH E> cHty-CH-COOH tr ses) CHy—CH-COOH NH, Alanine o 62. (c): Sum of oxidation numbers of all the atoms in X3(¥Z4)3 is zero ic. 3x (+3) #3 [1 x (15) +4 (-2)] = 9-9-0 Inall other compounds, the sum of oxidation numbers isa finite number. E, 63. (0): Jogk =log A-——# BEBE 3303RT E, 1 Slope = 4 giv OPE 5305R Z305 sven) £,=2308R « Slope =2.303R x =R=2eal 2.303 64. (a): The colourless salt is an oxalate which on reaction with conc. HsSO, gives a gaseous mixture oF CO and CO;, The salt gives a white ppt. with CaCl, solution and decolourises acidified KMnO, solution. C,0%+ Ca®* — CaCsO5; (ote ppt) 5C,0} + 16H" + 2MnO, —> 2Mn**+ 10CO; + 8H;O; GQOF+ 2Ht —> CO+CO;+H,0 (cone) 6. (a antisepti 66. (a): In case of isoelectronic species, ionic radii decrease with the increase in the magnitude of the nuclear charge. 67, (c); General formula of alum is M2SO4.M'(S0,)3.241;0. When M’ is replaced by divalent ion the alum is known as pseudo alum. 68, (b): CH;CH;CHCHOH does not give iodoform test since it does not contain CHjCH(OH)— or CH CO— group. 69, (d):8 A atoms are present at the comers but 2.A atoms are missing, : Salol (pheny! salicylate) isused as an intestinal for throat ailments 1.6 hence, contribution of A = 6x1 a8 Batoms are present at the face centres, 1 hence, contribution of B= 6x4=3 So, Agaiis oF 70, (a) 71. (0): Ca(OH), + Ca(HCOs), —> 2CaCOh + 24,0 a (Clas method) Ca(OH); +NajCO; —> CaCOsL + 2NAOH a) austicsoda Ca(OH); +CO, —> CaCO; + HO ) Calcium carbonate (cloudy) AcBas 72, (d): Let, initial pressure of CsHegg = Ps mm and that of Hyg) =P) mm P,+P2=60mm of) After the reaction, pressure of CoH (asall has reacted) pressure of Hx)" P2-3P; (as per the reaction) pressure of CHizg = Pa (as all benzene converted to cyclohexane) Total pressure = P2~3P, +P, =30 mm or P)-2P)=30mm Solving (i) and (ii), we get Py =10 mm, P= 50mm =i) raction of moles = Fraction of pressure 10L1 “06 Fraction of C,H, by volume 78. (b): CHs-CH-C= CH CHy-¢=C—CHy CH, CHy Cod r CH; CH; CH Gin Gten—Gig Gry CH, Cath) (23.Dimethylbutane) 74, (a): Number of atoms in 1 gram of an element — 6.023109 1 ‘At. mass Number of atoms in 2 grams of oxygen 23 23 02310" 5 _ 6.025 x10 16 8 Number of atoms in 4 grams of sulphur 23 23 = 6.023 x10 4 _ 6.02510" 32 8 Number of atoms in 7 grams of nitrogen 23 23 02310" 7, _ 6.025 x10 4 2 Number of atoms in 0.5 gram of hydrogen 23 23 = 6.023 x10 5 5 6.023 10 1 2 Number of atoms in 2.3 grams of sodium 23 23 6.02310 4 5 _ 6.02310 2B 10 75. (a): The stability of a complex compound is measured in terms of the stability constant, Higher is the value of stability constant, more stable will be the compound, Thus, the complex with stability constant value 1.6 x 107 is the least stable compound. ° 76. (: CH;—CH—CH; ly. cHy-e-c, ba wo] coo 2Prapanol (CHy—CONH, <8. CH ,COOH trskOu] (Cl—NH, nesta toa |vsr'is 61 77. (b): Mol. wt. of compound 92222400 = 44, % of C= 12 D400 _ 5454 a” 022 Mx St54 100 ‘Molecular formula is C3H,O. Now, corresponding to mol. wt. 44, molecular forma will be CH,O. Hence x:y is 1:2. 78, (c):(l) contains 1° and 3° carbon atoms, (II) contains 2° and 3° carbon atoms and (Ill contains only 2° carbon atoms. Hence, numbers of monochlorination products will be obtained from them are 2, 2 and 1 79. (c): M;SQ, == 2M’ + SO} Kiyo IM*PISOF ] = 256) = 4s? Amount of Cin compound = a or (22a?) aver? 4 Concentration of M* ions = 2s= 2.88 « 10M 80, (b): Ifa steel article is heated to redness and then suddenly cooled by plunging into water or some oil, the steel becomes hard and brittle. This treatment is called quenching or hardening of steel. MATHEMATICS 34 81, (by: [cos isin) 37183 Hence continued product of four roots of (~ (A)"# = (cos x + isin nyi4 ‘The continued product of (cos m+ i sin n)'4 = ~{cos m+ i sin 7) [because 4 is even (2) =~ z if n iseven} 1-1 82, (b) 83. (b): Equation of the line AB is Anais je 2h) + i+ 2j+k, teR 2-Ni4yj+ Dk i) For the plane CDE, CD x CE isa normal. So, ia peak Therefore 3/-2/+E is also normal to the plane CDE. The plane passes through the point C. The equation of the plane is [F-(-4}+41.31-2)+8)=0 62. cuemistay ropay| are where F=xi+y}+zk is any point in the plane CDE That is [xe (ya) p44) LBI-2}48 =0 => Bx-Zy +d) tad = 3r-2y+2-12=0 (2) From Eqs. (1) and (2), we have 32-1) -2(1+ 1) +2-1-12=0 6~3¢-2-2+2-F-12=0 ~ 6 tent Substituting the value of =~ 1 in Eq, (1), we have Fa3ie3k Therefore (3, 0,3) is the point where the line AB meets, the plane CDE. 84. (a) 85. (o): Let&; and Ey be the eventsof the boy watching, DOORDARSHAN and TEN SPORTS, respectively. and Re) =4 Itis given that P(E,)= 3 Let E be the event of the boy falls asleep. Again by hypothesis P(E/E,)=3 and P(E/Ey Now E= ENE, UE)= (0 UENE) so that P(E) = P(E, )P(E / E,)+ P(E,)P(E/ Ea) By Bayes’ theorem P(E )P(ELE;) P(E/E)= P(E,)P(E/ E,)+ P(E,)P(E / Ep) (s)(3) = 35s Mae 8 (3(2)-6)@) 7 86. (c):h+4k=18 o() and (it~ 27+ (k-4)?=12 + (e=1)2 ik + 6k =19 (2) ene ) 1 %q be the m arithmetic means 10 87. (@): Let xy x2 between 1 and 31 ‘Then, 1X4, 2, oy Sn SL are in AP. Let d be the common difference of this A.P. Then, ty +2=31 => 1#(m+2-1)d=31 = a=(2 ) (ned (1 ® mean = 45 Ase GDP mean 9 fy 8 Le” _5 a) 1+(m-1)d 9 From eqs (1)and 2), we got 4 mel 5m-68 4 3s, (c): 43g? = Lapsinc = 292 SinBsinc 4 2 2 sinA ‘Therefore, sinBsinC = (. 2sin A=1) Therefore, cosBeosC = Now cos(B~C) = cosBoosC + sinBsinC 8 V3 4 which gives |B- Cl = 90° 89. () 90, (a): A selection of 3 balls so as to include at least ‘one black ball, can be made in the following 3 mutually exclusive ways: The number of ways in which 1 black ball and 2 others are selected = 3C; x Cp =3 «15 = 45 i) The number of ways in which 2 black balls and Lother are selected =3Cy x C= 3x 6=18 (ii) The number of ways in which 3 black balls and no other are selected =3C3=1 2+ Total number of ways =45 + 18 +1 = 64 91. (b) 92. (ch: Wehave, #x@=bxa => F-b) xa +ha Similarly, the equation of the line # xb =axb canbe written as 7 =a+yb For the point of intersection of the above two lines, we have aru Hence, the position vector of the point of intersection 3itj-k of the given lines are 7 =a +5 93, (a) lim taMle* fe? = tame? > <0 tan7x? +tan8 x? in eee 0 sin? x tan7x? 2 = lim 2 94, (a): Equation of the tangent at P is x7+ x=acos® _y~bsind asin —beos0 ‘The distance of the tangent from the origin is, | ab, {0 cos? 0+ 0° sin? 6 (a cos 0, b sin 0) Now, the coordinates of the point Q are given as yobsind ico Vitcost0+asin2o yi? cos? 0+ 02sin20 i cos® 64a" sin™ ‘ab follows (A+ B) (Aw + Bo?)(Auw? + Bo) Substituting A = a+ bo + cw? and B= a+ bu? +cw, we oblain (a+ bos cw?) + (a+ ba? + cw)? = (a+ bn + cw? +a + ba? + ew) x (an + ba? + cen? +a? + boot + cw!) (au? + bo? + oot + m0 + bw + co) = Qa-b Ae ~a-HQb—a~c) wand w+ m=-1) cnemistay ropa | vars 63 96, (c): Lt probability that X speaks truth i 60% P(X)== (y=2 Probability that ¥spaks rth ah Pey)=b 5 P(X) =, PUY) (X), 5 4 2 The probability of an event when they contradict each other is given by, PCXYP(Y) + PYYPCR) = 2 ain Blo nis 1 2 97. (b): We have 181 fi, = normal to P, =(2}+38)x(4)-38) fig = normal to Py = (jh) «(3143 ))=30— jh) Now, dis parallel to fi, xfiy angle between and 2i+)-2h is same as angle between fi fiz and ais)-ab. then Pi al iy iP +l6P-29-b Also, given my = 2am = 3m,=—2 [From eq, (1)] 8) and 2m? : [From eq. (2)] (A) From equations (3) and (4), we get gmp 4b? a _ 9_ be ate Ree TEA: 12a) 113. (b) 114.(d): Wehave, @+(@x (1) ‘Taking scalar product with 8, we obtain (d+ W@xiD}-i a+f = [Wee So, option (a) is correct. Taking cross-product of equation (1) with a, we obtain fxs ix(@xil 2) xo = tix +(i-iy-(-w > aixw+w- (w= TxE ‘Taking dot product with @, we get W(X) + O-D~(U-D(O-t)= d-Ux0) =[i90) -@) So option (6) is correct. ‘Taking scalar product of equation (1) with 1 , we get B-B+8-(GxiI)= 0-0 = |e? Gay = las aww Substituting the value of 3a) in equation (2), we get 1 iew So option (b) is correct. 115.(b): Let (x) = (x + sin x) [f(2) + f-x)h, then $(x) is an odd function, for, G3) = Cxtsin @x)f-2) +/0)) 66 cuemistay ropay| are =r sing f(a) +f 2 Hence f o(syix=0. oan aye a 116.(a): Now, P™P=| 2 2,2 2 1 8/1 8 2 22 2 10 = me-( ‘| => PiPa1pT=pt Since, Q= PAPT PIQ*SP = PT((PAP")(PAP?)..2005 times|P =(PTP)AWPTP)ALPTP)..(P"PA(P"P) 2008 sme fo] A205 = 4200s o.1 jp [1 2005 nrgen-| 00! | 1117.(a): The equation of the chord of the hyperbola ‘whose middle point is (tk) is T= St ie, xh yk = weak k We know that the line y = mx + ¢ will touch the = ykexh- +R > rabola, if ¢= Pe on = QPP) =— ak? = 1 he =~ al? = = (hae Hence, the locus of (i) is (x-ay? 118. (a): Last term of (2° al is v2 1, on *c,2"3y ="C,(-1y" Also, we have og 8 ( 1 r 23 t5/3)108329 pa Thus, = n=10 3 1\ io Meaty] = 10! pgil3y6_y4yq-¥2y8 =a hte = 210(2)7(1(2) = 210 119.(a): We have, # =tan@=2x+3y, where @ is the angle that the tangent at any point (x, y) on the curve makes with s-axis. = We-sys2x, whieh is 9 linear dltferential equation = ye%s Since pros though (1,2). = 38e" 3 Beet 2pm ,28e9 ve 9 9 = 2+6x4 9y = 26e4-D 120.(a) 121. () 122.(b): The equation of the tangent at P(x, y) to the ty a Since it passes through (0, %) y-y=4x-x 123.(d): fox) =3(-6p3 — 4p?) — 2p — Ap) +3292 + 6p) = fla) =~ 6px — Apa — xp? + 4px? + 3p22 + 18 pr? On differentiating wrt. x, we get a al” 18p3x? — 12p?x? — 2xp* + Spx + 6y?x + 36px Again differentiating w.ri.x, we get Sie = -B6p?x - 24p2x — 2p? + 8p + 6p? +36p Again differentiating wrt. x, we get e ax? 124.06) 125.(c) : From the property of parabola R is focus (0) = ~36p? - 24p? = constant 2at~& ah and heat k (alts #}eem[ tee) +) => y= (x-a)fa(ax - ay - (x? + 2a)) ENGLISH AND LOGICAL REASONING 126.(c): The Nobel Committee is a conservative body because it does not favour subjects like ‘Mathematical Physics’ 127.4a) 1128.(a): The five prizes installed for conferring ‘Nobel Prize... do not include music 129.(0) 130. (a) 131. (6) 132) 133. () 134.(a) 135. (@) 136. @) 137. b) 138.(d): Tentative 139.(a) : Obsession 140. (c): Accomplish Mi(a) 142, (d) 43. (b) 144. (b) 45. (a) 146.(a) 147, (a) 148, (a) 149. (b) 150. (d) 090 cnemistay ropa |var'it 67 CE CO NER Ea 1. Which of the following statements is incorrect? (a) The covalent bonds have some partial ionic character. (b) The ionic bonds have some partial covalent character. (©) The larger the size of the cation and the smaller the size of the anion, the greater is the covalent character of the ionic bond. The greater the charge on the cation, the greater is the covalent character of the ionic bond. d 2 Which pair of the given species have same percentage of carbon? (a) CHj;COOH and C,H, (6) CH,COOH and C;H;OH (9) HCOOCH, and CHO}, (d) CHO. and CHO, 3. The data for the reaction: A + B — C, is given below: Ex. | [Ale [B]o Initial rate 1 0.012 0.035 0.10 2 0.024 0.070 0.80 3. 0.024 0.035 0.10 4 0012 0.070 0.80 The rate law which corresponds to the above dala is (a) rate=k{BP (b) rate = KB)’ (9 rate= KAIIBP — (@) rate= #AP{BP 4. The compound that does not give iodoform test is (a) ethanol (c) methanol (b) ethanal (a) propanone. 5. The solubility product of a sparingly soluble salt AX2 15 3.2 « 10". Its solubility (in moles/litre) is (a) 56x10 (b) 315104 (o 2«104 (a) 4104 68 cuemistay ropay| are 10. 1. The correct IUPAC name of the following compound is OH CHy CH (a) 37,7-trimethylhepta (b) 26 fien-1-al (©) 2.6,6-trimethylhepta-3,7-dien-L-al (a) 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-al The solubility of metal halides depends on their nature, lattice enthalpy and hydration enthalpy of the individual ions. Amongst fluorides of alkali metals, the lowest solubility of LiF in water is due to (a) ionic nature of lithium fluoride (6) high lattice enthalpy (©) high hydration enthalpy for lithium ion (a) low ionisation enthalpy of lithium atom, Which of the following compounds does not show optical isomerism? (a) [Co(NHy Ch] (b).[Colen)sICly (©) [Colen);CL ICL (a) [Co(en)(NH,)sChICI n-Heptane on heating to 773 K at 10-20 atm pressure in the presence of V;Os and AlOs gives (a)_ benzene (©) toluene (&) 2heptene (d) cycloheptane. The oxidation states of sulphur in the anions S03, $,0F and $,0; follow the order (a) $,0} BiH; > SbF > NH, > PH (b) BiH, > SbH, > AsH, > PH, > NH, (¢) NH3> PH, > AsHs > SbH, > BiH, (d) PHs> NH > AsHs > SbH, > BiH Most reactive halide towards Syl reaction is (a) s-butyl chloride (b) sec-butyl chloride (©) tert-butyl chloride (d) allyl chloride. Consider the reactions: () H,0;+2HI —> I;+2H;0 (I) HOCI + HO, —> H,0" + Cr +O; Which of the following statements is correct about HO, with reference to these reactions? Hydrogen peroxide is (a) ing agent in both (1) and (Il) (b) an oxidising agent in (I) and a reducing agent in), a reducing agent in (I) and an oxidising agent in (Il). (d) a reducing agent in both (I) and (II). The size of isoelectronic species F-, Ne and Na” is affected by (a) nuclear charge (Z) (b) valence principal quantum number (1) (©) electron-electron interaction in the outer orbital none of the factors because their size is the o (dd (On the basis of the information available from the reaction: 2 $+0,—> 5 Ms0s,AG*=-S46KI mot” of Os the minimum em.f required to carry out electrolysis of MO, is (F = 96500 C mot) (a) 4.28V (b) 642V ©) 856V (d) 141 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24, 26. 27. In a solid, oxide ions are arranged in cxp. One-sixth of the tetrahedral voids are occupied by cations X while one-third of the octahedral voids are occupied by the cations Y. The formula of the compound is (a) X:YOs (b) XO; (0) X¥0; (d) X2¥,0; When copperis mixed with silica, in reverberatory furnace copper matte is produced. The copper matte contains (a) sulphides of copper (II) and iron (ll) (b) sulphides of copper (Il) and iron (III) (©) sulphides of copper (1) and iron (11) (a) sulphides of copper (1) and iron (IM). In Lucas test of alcohols, the appearance of cloudiness is due to the formation of (a) aldehydes (b) ketones (©) acid chlorides (@) alkyl chlorides. The rms velocity of CO, at a temperature T(in kelvin) is x cm sec, At what temperature (in kelvin), the rams. velocity of nitrous oxide would be dy em sec !? @) 16T 27 | 4T (dy) RT Which type of hybridised C atoms are present in CCN? . ©) 9,9? &) wap? (co) sp sp (A) sp° sp. sp The pollutants which come directly in the air from sources are called primary pollutants. Primary pollutants are sometimes converted into secondary pollutants. Which of the following belongs to secondary air pollutants? (a) CO (&) Hydrocarbon (©) Peroxyacetyl nitrate (@) NO - The reason for double helical structure of DNA is operation of (a) electrostatic attractions (©) van der Waals’ forces (©) dipole-dipole interactions (a) hydrogen bonding, The type of hybridisation of boron in diborane is, (a) sp'thybridisation (b) sp’-hybridisation (©) sp-hybridisation (4) sp°t?-hybridisation Catenation, i, linking of similar atoms depends on size and electronic configuration of atoms. The tendency of catenation in group 14 elements follows the order (a) C>Si>Ge>Sn (©) Si>C>Sn>Ge (b) C>>Si>Ge~Sn (a) Ge>Sn>Si>C cnemistay ropa |var'it 69 31. 32, 33, 35, 70 | Which of the following is a constituent of nylon? (a) Adipic acid (©) Styrene (o) Teflon (a) None of these. Which class of drugs is used in sleeping, pills? (a) Analgesics (b) Tranquilizers (©) Antibiotics (A) Antihistamine Which one of the following octahedral complexes ‘will not show geometrical isomerism? (A and B are monodentate ligands.) (@) (MAzBs] (&) [MASBS) () [MA4B3] (a) [MAsB] In an atom, an electron is moving with a speed cf 600 ms" with an accuracy of 0.005%. Certainty with which the position of the electron can be located is (= 6.6 10™ kg m? s, mass of electron, m,=9.1 «10™ kg) (@) 152<10!m) — (b) 5.10%10%m (c) 1.92% 10% m (a) 3.84 10° m Identify “X" in the following reaction: CH(CH3)2 O% Sy ore Cumene (a) Benzene (©) Toluene (©) Phenol (a) Benzaldehyde What is the end product ‘C’ in the following sequence of reactions? CHNH, “NS 4 PS 5 ME, (a) Ethyl cyanide () Methylamine (©) Ethylamine (A) Acetamide The number of anti-bonding electron pairs in OF molecular ion on the basis of molecular orbital theory is (Atomic number of O is 8.) @3 2 ©5 @a Which of the following cannot be prepared by Williamson’s synthesis? (a) Methoxybenzene (b) Benzyl p-nitrophenyl ether (6) Methyl tert-butyl ether (d) Di-tert-butyl ether Point out the false statement (a) Brownian movement and Tyndall effect are shown by colloidal systems. Gold number is a measure of the protective power of a lyophilic colloid. The colloidal solution of a liquid in liquid is called gel. (b) i) cme Tooay | "i 37, 38. 39, 40. 41. 42. 43. . In a transition series, (a) Hardy—Schulze rule is related with coagulation, The ionic character of the metal halides follows the order (a) Mi> MBr> MCL> ME (b) MF > MCL> MBr> MI (©) MF = MCI> MBr>MI (8) MF MBr> MI ‘Across the lanthanide seri lanthanide hydroxides (a) increases (b) decreases (©) first increases and then decreases (A) first decreases and then increases, he basicity of the The increasing order of acidity of o, 6 and ‘y-chlorobutyric acid: (a) a CH,OH + Br (b) CH, —CH-CH, +OH > be CH;—CH—CH OH ( cH,CH,0n => cr,=cH, (a) (CH,)C—Br+ OF —> (CH); C—O + Br Electromagnetic separation is used in the concentration of 4 (a) copper pyrites (b) bauxite (0) siderite (4) cinnabar. Compound (A) C3H iO forms a phenylhydrazone and gives negative Tollens’ and iodoform test. It on reduction gives n-pentane, Compound (A) is (a) pentanal (6) pentan-2-one (©) pentan-3-one —(d) amyl alcohol. In which of the following molecules oxygen shows positive oxidation state? Oz H:0; OF: KO, O:F: ou om wy (@) ILMLIV (6) LY (1,0 (a) MW, 11 Oa 6 L (0): The smaller the size of the cation and the larger the size of the anion, the greater is the covalent character of an ionic bond. (a): % of C in CH;COOH, = 24 100 = 40% * a 2 % of Cin CoHy305 = 22 100 = 40% sHn05 = 2 i: : 24 ; Yo of Cin CHOW = 74 «100 =52% % of C in HCOOCH, = 2 100 = % of C in Cyt 14 x 100 = 42% 3a2 (a): Let the rate law for the reaction be Rate = KAI) From experiment 1 ; 0.10 =k (0.012)"0.035)" From experiment 3 ; 0.10 k (0,024)*(0,035)” Dividing equation (i) by (i), we get 0.10 _ (0.024)" 0.10 (@.012)" -2 eo Similarly, From experiment 2; 0.80 = k(0.024)"(0.070)" From experiment 3; 0.10 = k(0.024)'(0.035)" Dividing equation (iii) by (iv), we get 0.80 _ (0.070)! 0.10 "(0.035)" (i) (iv) Baw Rate = KBP? (©): lodoform test (with Ip and NaOH or Ip and NaxCO,) is mainly given by the compounds g ia having (-C—CHs) group or (—CH—CH) group. ¢g, ethanol, ethanal, propanone, acetophenone. Methanol lacks these groups hence does not give iodoform test. (0): Ky =3.2 10" AX 2A” + 2X 5 2 xasraas'; > 32*107 45° or S=8* 10? $=2% 10 moles/litre (a): OH’ CH: + 43 7-Dimethylocta2¢cien--al (b): The low solubility of LiF in water is due to its high lattice enthalpy. Smaller Li” ion is stabilised by smaller Fion. (a): Optical isomerism is very common in ‘octahedral complexes of general formulae, [Masbocsl"®, [Mabedef 1, [(aa)al"*, [M(aa)abal"*, [M(a)bacx}", [M(aa)abel and [M(ab)s]"*, where, aa is symmetrical bidentate ligand and ab is unsymmetrical bidentate ligand. Octahedral complex of the type Majb; and Mash; exhibit geometrical isomerism. nesta tooAt |ws'i4 71 th CH; CH CH vjoyaio, Nowy Methylescohexane ‘eeopania (Dedyarogmnton) =H CH, 10. (a): SOF: x + (-2)x3=-2 ‘Toluene or 2x-8=-2 or 2x Sxe8 SOF : 2x + (-2)x6=-2 or 2v-12=-2 or 2r=410 = x=45 Oxidation states follow the order $,0F < $0? <$,07 11, (b): Ks[Fe(CN)s] on ionisation gives four species (3 K’ and 1 [Fe(CN),}>) and Al(NO,); also gives four species (1 Al and 3 NO3), thus both will have same value of van't Hoff factor. IF K.E. were equal to 2m ~2Wy, K.E.p would have boen 2 K.Ex 13, (a): For a spontaneous reaction, AG should be negative. When AH is negative and AS is positive, AG will always be negative. ['- AG= AH~ TAs] AVAILABLE Volumes of the following years are available: PHYSICS ay ig % CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY zg taley t wwrw.mtg.in 72. eemstay ay | Ar Physics For You 2013, 2012, 201, 2010, 2008 Chemistry Today 2013, 2011, 2010, 2008 Mathematics Today 2013, 2012, 201, 2010, 2008 Biology Today 2013, 2011, 2010, 2008, Tek 14. (0): Dipole moment of MH decreases down the group as the electronegativity of the central atom M decreases 15, (€); Mote stable the carbocation, more reactive will be the parent alkyl halide towards Sxl reaction. Stability order of carbocations is 3°> Benzyl> Allyl > 2° > 1° > Methyl 116. (b): Ih the (1) reaction a © HO, + 2HI —> I; + 21,0 Todine is oxidised from I” to Iz and H,02 gets reduced 50 it acts as an oxidising agent. In the (Il) reaction, on HOC] + H,0, —> HO" + Cr+0, Chlorine is reduced from CI"! to Cl-and HO; gets oxidised so it acts as a reducing agent. 17, (a): The size of the isoelectronic species depends upon thenuclear charge (Z). As the nuclear change increases the size decreases. For example, F> (+9) > Ne (#10) > Na’ (+11) 18. (a): $M +0,—> 2,05 8C=-846 KJ mot" (« 2x6=4) 546% 1000 _p, 4x 96500 ‘Number of electrons (n) = 4 AG? == nFE® E=141V FU Ae) U5 . of your favourite magazines Price : 300 for each volume POSTAGE FREE! How to order: Send money by demand draftimoney ‘order. Demand Draft shauld be drawn In favour of MTG Learning Media (P) Ltd. Mention the volume you requre long with yourrame anciadress. Mail your order to : Circulation Manager, MTG Learning Medi (P) Ld. Plot 99, Secor 44 Institutional ea, ‘Gurgaon - 122003(48) 124) 4951200 Email: info@mtg.in Web : wwwemtgin 19. (b): Suppose number of O* ions =. Then number of octahedral voids = and number of tetrahedral voids = 2n No. of cations X present in tetrahedral voids alone 6 3 No. of cations Y present in octahedral voids RatioX: ¥:0% =: 8:n=1:1:3 3°3 Hence, formula is XYO,, 20. (c): Copper matte consists of CusS and Fes. 21, (d): Alcohols are soluble in Lucas reagent (cone. HCl and ZnCl) while their halides are immiscible and produce turbidity in solution. ROH SEHOZbS ROI + FO Comsico, xMN,0 22. (a): Fimiss0) Meco, *T90 24. (c): Peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) formed from the primary pollutants NO;, O; and hydrocarbons is the secondary pollutant. 25, (d): In double helical structure of DNA, adenine (A) pairs with thymine (T) by two H-bond A = T while guanine (G) pairs with cytosine (C) by three H-bonds; G 2 2s 2p 26, (a): Ground state [QJ] [4 wsotadiine [8] FATE oP Hybridisation Each B atom in diborane (BsH,) is sp"-hybridised, Of the four hybrid orbitals, three have one electron each, while the fourth is empty. Two orbitals of each form o-bonds with two Hatoms, whereas he third half-filled hybrid orbital ‘of one boron atom and the vacant hybrid orbital of the second boron atom overlaps simultaneously with the half-filled orbital of H atom. 27. (b): As we move down the group, the atomic size increases and electronegativity decreases, and, thereby, tendency to show catenation decreases. The order of catenation is C >> $i > Ge = Sn. Lead does not show catenation 28. (a) 29. (b) 30, (d); Octahedral complexes of type [MAsB] does not show geometrical isomerism. 3 2.005 5600 ms“ = 3x10"? ms 100 Ar= é Fame 66x10 kg m?s 7 ar = ® mst 4x3.14x9.1 10 kg x3 10? ms =192« 10% m ob CHICHS)2 —C-0-0-H o 32. (ed: Gumene Common hydroperoxide nfo OH + CH,COCH, Acctone Prenat 38. (0: GHNE: “N25 GH.On > cH,c1 Ethanol Ethyl chloride a) ® des G:HsNH,, thymine © Ethylamine ETL Ru ke get on orders above Rs. 999/-| Apply coupon code - 0.32 DISCOUNT25 MTG Books are also S&S Orr snc Le nesta ropa | va'i4 73, 34, 35, & 37. 39, 41. 42, 74 (@): OF (18) :(arls)?, (6" 1s)?(25)7, (0 25)°(a2p,)2, (2p, = (n2py)*, (we 2p,)? =H 2pyP? Thus, the no. of anti-bonding electrons in OF ion. is Bie, 4 pairs, (d): Di-tert-butyl ether cannot be prepared by Williamson's synthesis, since _tert-alkyl halides prefer to undergo elimination rather than substitution, ie, Bon Pome CHy—¢—Br+ CHs-C-O'Nat | CH; CH Poe CH (c): Liquid-liquid colloidal system is known as emulsion. (b): This is because of decrease electronegativity from F to I. in the |. (b): As the size of the lanthanide ions decreases from La to Lu, the covalent character of M—OH bond increases and hence the basic strength decreases. Thus La(OH)s is most basic while Lu(OH), is least basic. (d); Acidity decreases as the distance of the halogen from the —COOH group increases. ‘Thus, the order of acidity is y

Hs0y + 2C0a)3 AH =-310.6 keal (i) Cemistay Topay | av" 43. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. CoH) * 302g) —> 2H20¢y + 2CO2) AH =~337.2 keal CoH) + Ha) —> CoH): AH To calculate AH subtract eq (ii) from the sum of €q (i) and (ii), we get AH = (-310.6 ~ 68.3) ~ (-937.2) =~ 41.7 kcal As AH= AE + AMRT or SE = AH ~ AnRT AE == 41.7 -[(-1) «2 x (273 + 25) x 10°), =~ 41.7 +0.596=—41.10 keal (b): Due to maximum percentage of s-character (50%), the sp-hybridized carbon is most electronegative. (ii) . (c): Paramagnetism depends upon the number of unpaired electrons. As the atomic number increases in a transition series, the number of unpaired electrons first increases to a maximum and then decreases, so is the paramagnetism. (d): CH NH, SMES Cy scr ECON, f) C(Hy + No CHsCHO + HCI © @ (a): 1° alky halides (ie. CHsBr) undergo S,2 reaction. (0): Ores in which one of the components (either the impurity or the ore) is magnetic can be concentrated by electromagnetic separation. eg. siderite (FeCO;), (0): The compound (CsHyqO) forms a phenyl- hydrazone, but gives negative Tollens’ test, it must be a ketone. Since it does not give iodoform test, it cannot be a methylketone, ie, pentan-2- one. (b): Oxidation state of Compounds oxygen 2 Oxides a Peroxides ‘Superoxides 0 Dioxygen Oxygen difluoride Oxygen monofluoride PRACTICE PAPER 2 OQ 14 Ex: Sear Only One Option Correct Type This section contains 10 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (a, (b),(¢) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct 1. Twoorganic compounds 4 and B, both containing only © and H_ yield, on analysis, the same percentage composition by weight: C= (12/13) « 100% and H= (1/13) « 100% A decolourises Br-water but B does not. Aand Bare respectively (a) CoH, GH (b) iH CoH (©) GHe GH; @ Gy GH 2X mL of Hy gas effuses through a hole in a container in 5 seconds. The time taken for the effusion of the same volume of the gas specified below under identical conditions is (a) 10seconds: He — (b) 20 seconds : O, (0) 25seconds:CO (A) 55.seconds : CO, 3. Which one of the following elements has most stable +2 oxidation state? (a) Sn (o) Pb (©) Fe (@) Ag 4. In the given reaction product (P) is ‘Kort CICH;CH,CH,COOH “<*> p (a) butyrolactone (b) crotonie acid (©) echydroxybutyric acid (d) -butyrolactam For the reaction, 44 +B —>2C+2D, the incorrect statement is (a) the rate of disappearance of B is one-fourth of the rate of disappearance of A (b) the rate of appearance of C is half the rate of disappearance of B , 3 i Advanced Exam on 25th May (©) the rate of formation of D is half the rate of consumption of A (@) the rates of formation of Cand D are equal. 6. Sodium thiosulphate is prepared by (a) reducing Na;SO, solution with HS (b) boiling Na;SO; solution with $ in alkaline medium (©) neutralising H,5,0, solution with NaOH (a) boiling Na,SO, solution with $ in acidic medium. 7. What is the half-life of a radioactive substance if 87.5% of any given amount of the substance disintegrates in 40 minutes? (a) 10 min, (b) 20 min. (©) 160 min. (d) 13 min. 20 see. 8, The major product of the following reaction is CaHtagbe excess (CHO). CO ralsis. (a) (GHs);COH (b) (CH,);COH (0) CsHyCOCHs (a) HCOOH 9. The wavelength of an electron accelerated by a potential difference of 500 V is (a) 55* 10" m (b) 38910" m (© 55*10"m (a) 3.8910" m 10. Among the following, the compound that is both paramagnetic and coloured is (a) KxCr,0; (©) (NHaITICLA (©) CoSOs (@) Ks(CuCN)) Toes ‘One or More Options Correct Type ‘This section contains 5 multiple choice questions. Each question. has four choices (a), (b,c) and (d), out of which ONE of MORE are correct. 1, Which of the following statements regarding the given compounds is(are) true? nesta ropa | va'i4 75 (CH,)sCBr a CHsCH,CH,Br o wo aun (a) Reactivity for Syl is I> IIL>1 (b)_ Reactivity for Sy1 is 1> 11> HL (©) Reactivity for Sy2 is IIl> I> IL (d) Reactivity for Sy2 is I> 1>T 12, The total vapour pressure of a binary solution (ta = 19) is given by p = (110x4 + 125x5) mm Hg where x and xp are the mole fractions of components A and &, respectively. It suggests that (a) the vapour pressure of solution is less than the pure component B (b) the vapour pressure of solution is more than that of pure component A (©) vapour pressure of pure component A is 110 mm Hg and that of pure component B is, 125 mm Hg, (d) the vapour pressure of pure components A and B are 125 mm Hg and 110 mm Hg, respectively. 13. Addition of high proportions of manganese makes steel useful in making rails of railroads, because manganese (a) gives hardiness of steel (b) helps the formation of oxides of iron (©). can remove oxygen and sulphur (d) can show highest oxidation state of +7. 14, Among, the following anions (2) CH, (11) NH, (Ul) OFF, (IV) F*, the order of basicity is (a) I>U>Mi>IV (&) > I> tll>tv (©) Ml>U>1>1V(@) M>t>il>1V 15. The standard internal energy equilibrium at 300 K for the reaction: 2A + By = AaByy is change at (Given, K,= 10"! atm? and AS =5 J K (2) ~ 63.934) (b) +63.93K) () +58.94 ky (d) -58.94k) Integer Value Correct Type This section contains 5 questions. The answer to each question 1s a single digit integer, ranging from 0 to 9 (both inclusive). 16. An organic compound A (C;H,N) on reaction with nitrous acid gave benzyl alcohol. Number of structural isomers of A is 17, The standard oxidation potential of Ni/Ni”* electrode is 0.236 V. If this is combined with a hydrogen electrode in acid solution, pH of the solution at which the measured emf is zero at 25°C is ((Ni*]= 1M, py =1atm) 18. In a_given sample of bleaching powder the percentage of available chlorine is 49, The volume of chlorine obtained if 10 g of the sample is treated with HCI at NTP is x/2. The value of x is 19, Total number of antibonding electrons present in ion is 20. A compound (X) containing only C, H and O is unreactive towards sodium. It does not add bromine. It also does not react with the Schiff’s reagent. On refluxing with excess of hydroiodic acid (X) yields only one organic product (¥). On hydrolysis (1) yields a new compound (Z) which can be converted to (¥) by reaction with red phosphorus and iodine, The compound (Z) on oxidation with potassium permanganate gives a carboxylic acid. The equivalent weight of this acid is 60), The number of acidic hydrogens in (X) is ae Sere One or More Options Correct Type This section contains 8 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONE or MORE are correct 1. Nuclear reaction(s) accompanied with emission of neutron(s) is(are) (0) ZAl+$He—> BP () Be+tH—> SN (©) Bp+ fe —> Bsi (d) 28cm + $He —> HBk+ le 76 euemistay ropay| Are 2. Which of the following will give an aldehyde only? (a) Ozonolysis of alkene (b) Rosenmund’s reaction (©) Stephen's reaction (a) Hydration of alkyne 3. K,{Fe(CN);] is used for the detection of (a) Fe (b) Fe™ (c) Cu® (d) Zn 4. Inthe following reactions: 2KCIO; —> 2KC1 +30, (NH),Cr,0, —> N, +C1,0,+ 44,0 (a) Clis reduced (b) Ois oxidised (©) Cris reduced (d) Nis oxidised. 5. The nucleotide adenosine triphosphate contains (a) ribose (©) phosphoric acid (©) adenine (a) 2-deoxyribose 6. For the process: H,Qqy (I bar, 373 K) —> H0g (1 bar, 373 K), the correct set of thermodynamic parameters is (a) AG=0,AS=4ve (6) AG=0,AS=—ve (co) AG=4ve, AS=0 — (d) AG=-ve, AS= eve 7. Which of the following statements is(are) correct? (a) The coordination number of each type of ions in CsCl erystal is 8. (b) A metal that crystallizes in bec structure has a coordination number of 12 (©) A unit call of an ionic crystal shares some of its ions with other unit cells (d) The length of the unit cell in NaCl is 552 pm. (rxa*=95 pm; rer = 181 pm). 8. Consider the following statements: 1 Atomic hydrogen is obtained by passing hydrogen through an electric are. Il Hydrogen gas will not reduce heated aluminium oxide. IML Finely divided palladium adsorbs large volume of hydrogen gas. IV. Nascent hy Na;S,0; 2.303, 2.303 jog __8__ 40°F 0.8750 2303). 1 _ 2308 05 40° 0125 ~~ 40 °8 2.303%3 2.303, 7 sp 3x0.3010 log 0.4693 2 1093 a9 0.693 _ 0.6940 _ 40 tyge 258 = OOOO 13.33 0693x338 = 13 min. 20 see, 8 (a: BD cay (Euan, TP eno 0c Foc, foe oO Gis ‘site yD cone J i eHtMete ECs a rydroysis (CoH,),COH 2ev ne h b nx 2 Bmev I Vom 6.62610 29.108 x10" 1.602%10 1 500 =55 x10 m 10. (0): InK;Cr,O,, oxidation state of Cris +6 ie. Cr, the electronic configuration of Cr is 31 4s° ive. it hasno unpaired electron and henceis diamagnetic. It is coloured not due to d-d transition but due to charge transfer from O atom to Cr changing O to © and Cr(V1) to Cx(V) momentarily. In (NH,)ITiCl4], oxidation state of Ti is +4, ie, Ti. The configuration of Ti* is 3d" 4s°, ie,, it has no unpaired electron, hence it is diamagnetic and colourless because of absence of d-electrons. In CoSO,, oxidation state of Co is + 2 i. Co™. Its. configuration is 34” ie. it has unpaired electrons in 3:orbitals, so it is paramagnetic. Because of incompletely filled d-orbitals it is coloured In Ks{Cu(CN)q], oxidation state of Cu is +1, ie, Cu’. Its configuration is 3d'" 4s", It has no unpaired electron so itis diamagnetic and is colourless due to completely filled d-orbitals. nesta ropa | vr'it 79 11, (bd): Reactivity of given compounds is Il > I > 1 G2) and F> I > UL (Syl). Since Sx reaction is governed by stability of carbocation and $42 reaction is governed by steric hindrance. 12, (a,b,0): p= 110x9 + 125%5 tH al Na=XBey 1 1 p= 1102241254 = 117.5 mm Hi P 2 7 ig When B is pure.x5= Land x)=0 p= 125 mm Hg Hence, p pj, 2° statement 13, (a,¢): The addition of Mn makes steel harder and increases its elasticity and tensile strength. Mn also acts as a deoxidiser. MnO reacts with S present in cast iron to form SO; and thus it can remove oxygen and sulphur. 14. (a): Stronger the acid, weaker is its conjugate base cor weaker is its nucleophilicity. The acidic order is HF > H,0> NH > CH, 15, (b): AG? =-2.303 RT log k, =-2.303 « 8.314 «10 « 300» log 10° =+5744K) Now, AG? = AH? - Tas? +5744 = AH? -300 x5 «10° AH? = +58.94 kJ Also, AH? = AE® + AnRT + 58.94 = AB® + (-2) x 8.314 « 107 63:93) 16, (5): Since the compound (A) gave a benzyl alcohol on treatment with HNO3, this implies that the compound must be benzylamine. 300 CH,NH, CH,OH —HONO, +N, +H,O0 a Lenzyt alcohol The various isomeric structures of the compound (A) are “& N-Methylaniline o-Toluidine 80. cuemistaY ropay| Are 7 18. 19. 20. NH, NH, CH m-Toluidine oy, p-Toluidine NiO 428; fines = 0.236 V DH +20 —>H, Efe iy 0.2860 0.0591 1236+ 90 og oF (IN pli=4 3): 10 g of bleaching powder will produce 4.9 of Cl; or log H*=4 ~ BEZ2F ite of Ch at NTP=15 litre 15 3 x=3 (6): NEQ6): (615%) (61s?) (6254) (6'2#) (rp. = n2p,2) (02p2) (8 2p,! = W'2p/') (0): (X) seems to be either an ether or a ketone. But it reacts with excess of HI to form a single compound (¥). Hence, (X) must be a simple ether. (9 is an iodo compound which upon hydrolysis gives an alcohol (Z). (2) on oxidation gives an acid whose molecular weight is 60. 09 Bs 09 85 zy 5 racial Esher Todo Aleohot (Mol. wt = 60) compound Let the acid be RCOOH and formula weight of alkyl part (R) be x. X445=60 = x= 15 Hence, alkyl part is CH;—. So, the acid is CH,COOH (2): CHJCH,OH ; (¥) : CH,CHaL (X) : CH;CH;—O—CH,CHy ui (CH;CH,—O—CH,CH; — 55> CHCHal & mie) — KMMO, HO CH,COOH <= CH,CH,OH a PAPER-I (ad): ZAL+ $He —> BP + bn 281m + {He —> *YDK + Je+ be (b,): (a) Alkene on ozonolysis gives a mixture of carbonyl compounds, aldehyde and ketone, O° I 1 BaS (&) R—C— Cc EREBSO k_cH=O (Rosenmund’s reaction) SOU, R_CH=NHHCL— 1.0. R-cH=0e—) (Stephen's reaction) (o) RC (4) Any alkyne except acetylene on hydration gives ketone not aldehyde. (b,c.d): Fe® + Ky[Fe(CN)4] —> FeslFe(CN)chs Prussian blue Cu? + KglFe(CN)g] —> CurfFe(CN)] Reddish-brown Zn** + K,[Fe(CN),] —> ZnalFe(CN)] Bluishawhite fabsed) 5. (abo) (a): The change given is occurring at the boiling point of the liquid, where, at given pressure and temperature, the liquid-vapour system irtually remains at equilibrium and hence AG = 0. Also due to absorption of heat as latent heat of vaporisation, or due to change from liquid hence to gaseous state randomness also increas ASis ve. (a,c) : The crystals of CsCl has bee structure, In such an arrangement the coordination number of both type of ions is 8 In a unit cell of NaCl, CI” ions occupy comers and the face centres and Na” ions are located at octahedral voids. On each edge of a unit cell there are two CI ions and one Na’ ion. Hence = 2 (ry + Fev) =2 (95 + 181) pm (a,b,¢): Statements I, Il and Ill are correct, 552 pm CChlovination (9): CHy—CH—CH,CH. CH 10. 1. 12. 13. 14. 15. H -a Dehydro: CH—€—CH,CH3 ~ pologenation CH, SN CH % C= CH=CH, © iC CH1cahy Ke @ bx, G | Bereation ” eo” (CH, —CH-CH=CH, CH, cn (a: "Scere cae H. "SCO + CH,COOH cry wo © (b): 0.32 g of oxygen = 0.01 mol = 0.01 moles of X [Avogadro's law] Hence, 0.01 mole weighs 0.26 I mole =26 g Molecular weight = 26 Hence, the molecular formula of the compound X is CoH 0 (a): Bleaching powder (X) gives brick red colouration to the flame and gives smell of chlorine when placed in moist air. CaCl, + CO; —> CaCO; + Ch CaOCl, + HO —> Ca(OH): + Ch When KI and CH;COOH are added to the aqueous suspension of (X), a brown colour of 1: is observed CaCl + 2CH;COOH —> (CHjCOO),Ca + Cl, + HO 2KI + Cle —> 2KCL+ Ip (a); On account of the formation of nascent oxygen, bleaching powder shows both oxidising and bleaching properties. 2CaOCl; + HSO, —> CaCl + CaSO, + 2HCIO HCIO—>HCL + O Nascent oxygen (a): Since ethane is obtained on decarboxylation of an acid which is obtained on oxidation of (D), thus (D) will be 1° alcohol of corresponding acid which is propanoic acid. nesta tooAt |va'is 81 CH,—CH. Neat conf > CHS Cs CH,CH,—COOH a fe foun CHyCH, —CH,OH 5° CH,CH,CH,—NH) ” @ [ou NaNO CH,CH,CH)—NCHs€ fig CH,CH,CHANHL @ N=O © CH CHCH,CH,—Br 16, () 17, (d); P: Low temperature and high pressure will favour forward reaction as it is exothermic and leads to decrease in pressure Q An increase in pressure favours the reaction in the direction that produces smaller number of moles of gases. R: Le Chatelier’s principle is not applicable to this system since all the reactants and products are in solid state hence their concentration is taken as unity. S: Forward reaction is endothermic and leads to increase in pressure, Hence high temperature and low pressure will favour forward reaction 18. (a): * Balz—Schiemann reaction: NH, NSBR] OF NaNO HBR, a ees > O WIR O a Aniline Benzene Fluorabenzene diazonixm tetrafluoraborate +N; +BEs Q: Bard reaction: A OCHOH)Ch, cH SocrOHych, CHO cH, cc ‘Toluene HO" Fiydralysis Benzaldehyde 82. cHEMIsTaY ToDaY | Yar'ié R: Kolbe’s electrolytic reaction: qHcook qHCoo” oxt CHCOOK CHCOO™ Pot maleate 2H,0 = 20H + 2H" At anode: CHCOO™ ‘CHCOO CH U1 -—> Il — Mil, +2C0, CHCOO™ CHCOO CH (Unstable) Acetylene At cathode: 2H" + 2e° —> 2H" —> H 5: Schotten—Baumann reaction: NH, NHCOC,H, O +cgicocr SH, suet 9. (b): P: Glacial phosphoric acid (HPO), oO fh | S\o% OH| 2 Q: Phosphoric acid (H;PO,) ° ‘ Ho“ | Sou on R:_ Diphosphoric acid (HyP;0;) oO oO 7 Ho“ | So“ | Sou OH OH S: Phosphonic acid (H;PO,) t 20. (©) BUY ONLINE Now you can buy MTG Books & Magazines Log onto : www.Mg.in