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Year and Section : 4CE-A

Date Performed:

Group Number

Date Submitted :

Group Members:
PION, Angeline G.
PUACHE, Ramar Kristoffer A.

REYES, Aira Mia

RIEGO, John Philip O.

PUNZALAN, Mark Alvin A.

ROSAURO, Jashar Aaron S.

REVALO, Clinton M.

SANTIAGO, Patrick Jerome A.

To determine the loss factors for flow through a range of pipefittings including gate
The F1-10 Hydraulics Bench which allows us to measure flow by timed volume
The F1-22 Energy Losses in Bends and Fitting Apparatus.
A stopwatch to allow us to determine the flow rate of water.
Clamps for pressure tapping connection tubes.
PROCEDURE Equipment Set up
Set up the losses apparatus on the hydraulic bench so that its base is horizontal (this
is necessary for accurate height measurements from the manometer). Connect the test rig
inlet to the bench flow supply and run the outlet extension tube to the volumetric tank and
secure it in place.
Open the bench valve, the gate valve and the flow control valve. Start the pump to fill
the test rig with water. In order to bleed air from pressure tapping points and the
manometers, close both the bench valve and the test rig flow control valve and open the air
bleed screw and remove the cap from the adjacent air valve. Connect a length of small-bore
tubing from the air valve to the volumetric tank. Now, open the bench valve and allow flow
through the manometers to purge all air from them; then, tighten the air bleed screw and
partly open both the bench valve and the test rig flow control valve. Next, open the air bleed
screw slightly to allow air to enter the top of the manometers, re-tighten the screw when the
manometer levels reach a convenient height.
Check that all the manometer levels are on scale at the maximum volume flow rate
required (approximately 17 litters per minute). These levels can be adjusted further by using
the air bleed screw and the hand pump supplied. The air bleed screw controls the air flow

through the air valve, so when using the hand pump, the bleed screw must be open. To
retain the hand pump pressure in the system, the screw must be closed after pumping.
PROCEDURE Taking a Set of Results
The experiment measures losses across the gate valve only. Clamp off the
connecting tubes to the mitre bend pressure taping (to prevent air being drawn into the
system). Start with the gate valve closed and open fully both the bench and the test rig flow
control valve. Now open the gate valve by approximately 75% of one turn (after taking up
any backflash) for each of at least 5 flow rates by use of the test rig flow control valve. Once
the measurement has started, do not adjust the gate valve. Determine the volume flow rate
by timed collection. Repeat this procedure for the gate valve opened by approximately 100%
and 125% of a turn.