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Course

"EEM 41 Three-phase asynchronous machines"

Photo: ABB Group

SH5007-1E Version 1.0


Author: M.Germeroth
Lucas-Nlle GmbH Siemensstrae 2 D-50170 Kerpen (Sindorf)
Tel.: +49 2273 567-0
www.lucas-nuelle.de

Copyright 2006 LUCAS-NLLE GmbH.


All rights reserved.

LUCAS-NLLE Lehr- und Messgerte GmbH


Siemensstrae 2 D-50170 Kerpen

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen

Training objectives
Equipment: 300W Classic Series
Safety
Asynchronous motor
Connection and starting
Rotation reversal
Load characteristics
Dynamic load experiments (Classic series)
Reactive compensation

Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit


Connection and starting
Load characteristic

Copyright

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2
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7
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EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Training objectives

Welcome to the Three-phase Asynchronous Machine course. The


team from LUCAS-NLLE wishes you lots of fun and success while
working through the course topics and performing the experiments. The
following pages provide you with an overview of the course content and
the required materials.
This course is designed to convey practical know-how on the topic of three-phase
asynchronous machines.
Experiment-based investigations of the asynchronous motor are the focus and cover
the functioning of the machine, its response and how it operates.

Training contents
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z

Motor operation
Nominal data, rating plate
Star cnnection, delta connnection
Star/delta switches
Steinmetz circuit (300W series)
Reactive power compensation
Measurement of phase-to-phase and line-to-line values
Reversal of rotation
Measurement of power output with and without oad

Prerequisites
z
z
z

Basic knowledge of electrical machines


Basic knowledge of electrical engineering
Knowledge of using measuring instruments

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Equipment: 300W Classic Series

SO3636-6R
SE2662-2A
SE2662-2B
SE2662-2C
SE2662-3G
SO3212-1W
SO3212-2D
SO3212-5U
SO5127-1Z
SO6001-4A
SO6001-2Q
SO3212-6E
SE2663-6A
LM8925
SO5148-1F
SO5126-9X
SO5126-9Z

Digital control unit for servo drive/servo


brake 300 W
Coupling sleeve 300 W
Coupling guard 300 W
Shaft-end guard
Three-phase motor with squirrel-cage
rotor 300 W
On/off switch 4-pole
Star-delta switch
Power supply for electrical machines
Analog/digital multimeter, power and power
factor meter
ActiveASMAsoftware
DynAMA software
Compensation unit
Servomotor/servo brake 0.3 kW
RS232/485 interface module
Set of safety connecting leads 4 mm
(47 each)
Set of safety connection plugs 19/4 mm (15
Stck)
Safety connection plugs 19/4 mm with tap
(5 each)

1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
1 each
15 x
5x

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Safety

Basic safety instructions

In all experiments using mains voltages high, life-threatening voltages arise. For that
reason use only safety measurement leads and make sure that there are no shortcircuits.

It is imperative that all of the devices which are provided with an earthing or where
earthing is possible must be earthed. This is particularly the case for the frequency
converter being used!

Always be very careful to check the wiring of the application modules and only
switch on the mains voltage after a check has been completed. Whenever possible
use a robust current monitoring instrument in the circuit.

Always use shaft-end guards and coupling guards as protection against contact
with rotating motor parts

All locally applicable stipulations and standards governing how electrical equipment
is handled mustbe complied with.

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Safety

General instructions on handling the equipment


{

{
{

Check that the knurled screws at the base of the motor and the coupling
sleves (power grip) on the motor shaft are all securely fastened.
Use shaft and coupling guards.
Any prolonged running of the machines when operating under high loads
can subject the machines to excessive heating.
The extreme case of the machine being prevented from rotating entirely
may only arise briefly.
All of the machines are equipped with a thermal circuit-breaker, which
triggers when the maximum permissible operating temperature is
exceeded. These switching contacts are accessible on the terminal
board and must always be connected to the corresponding connection
sockets of the mains supply and control unit.
All measurements have been recorded using conventional measuring
instruments (primarily class 1.5) at the standard mains voltage
(230/400V +5% -10% 50Hz) using standard production machines.
Experience suggests that measurements will lie within the tolerance
range of +/-15% with respect to the specified measurement. For more
information on this please refer to VDE0530.

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Asynchronous motors
On the subsequent pages you will be performing the following exercises
on the "asynchronous motor":

z
z
z
z
z

Connection and starting


Rotation reversal
Load characteristics
Dynamic load experiments (Classic series only )
Reactive power compensation

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Training content: Connection and starting


z

z
z
z
z
z
z
z

Identify the terminal connections of the motor and operate the


motor as a three-phase asynchronous motor on a three-phase
mains network
Utilise the nominal data of the motor based on the rating plate
Measure the phase voltage and phase current
Put the motor into operation in star and delta configurations
Identify the differences between star and delta connections
Understand the function of adelta switch
Put the motor into operation with the brake
Subject the motor to load

Enter the nominal data for the asynchronous machine

370_W
Nominal power
UN star circuit connection 690_V
UN delta circuit connection 400_V
IN star circuit connection 0,55A
IN delta circuit connection 0,95A
0,84
cos
2800rpm
Speed
50__Hz
Frequency

Correct

What is the maximum permissible voltage of the motor winding (phase voltage)?
Uphase= 400_V

Correct

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Assembly instructions: "Connection and starting"


z

Assemble the circuits as specified in the following circuit diagram and


set-up instructions
Switch on the brake too. This does not yet subject the motor to any load

More detailed information on the brake can be found in the corresponding online
documentation

Circuit diagram "connection & starting" (star configuration)

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Connection & starting" (star configuration)

Putting the asynchronous motor into operation in star configuration


Required settings:
z

Brake mode: "Torque Control"

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

Put the motor into operation and observe its response


Brake the motor down to its nominal speed
At the same time measure the phase variables Uphase and Iphase

Make sure that the ammeter and voltmeters have been connected properly

What do you measure the phase variables Uphase and Iphase to be?
Uphase= 226_V
Iphase= 0,31A

10

Correct

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Circuit diagram "Connection & starting" (delta connection)

11

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Connection & starting" (delta connection)

Putting the asynchronous motor into operation in delta configuration


Required settings:
z

Brake mode: "Torque Control"

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

Put the motor into operation and observe its response


Brake the motor down to its nominal speed
At the same time measure the phase variables Uphase and Iphase

Make sure that the ammeter and voltmeters have been connected correctly
12

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

What do you measure the phase variables Uphase and Iphase to be?
Uphase= 392_V
Iphase= 0,55A

Correct

Circuit diagram "Connection & starting" (star and delta switch)

13

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Connection and starting" (star and delta switch)

Putting the asynchronous motor into operation with a star/delta switch and
recording the load characteristics
Required setting:
z

Brake mode: "Torque mode"

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

14

One load characteristic each is to be recorded for the star and delta circuits
Subject the motor to the load torques as given in the table
Enter the measured values (M, n, Uphase, Iphase) into the tables

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Table1 (star connection)

250

200

n/(1/min)

1,5
1,4
1,3
1,2
1,1
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
0,0

Ustr

Istr

M/Nm
0
n/(1/min) 2940
Ustr/V 225
Istr/A 0,16

150

100

50

0,1
2910
225
0,19

3000
2800
2600
2400
2200
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
0,0

0,1

0,3
2830
225
0,27

0,2

0,5
2720
225
0,38

0,3

0,4

0,7
2570
225
0,52

0,5

0,6

0,9
2270
225
0,75

0,7

0,8

0,9

1,0

1,1
1,2
M/Nm

Table2 (delta connection)

2,7
2,4
2,1

400
350
300

1,8

250

1,5

200

1,2

150

0,9
0,6

100

0,3

50

0,0

n/(1/min)

3,0

Ustr

Istr

M/Nm
0
n/(1/min) 2980
Ustr/V 392
Istr/A 0,53

0,5
2920
392
0,6

3000
2800
2600
2400
2200
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
0,0

0,2

1
2850
392
0,77

0,4

0,6

1,5
2770
392
1,02

0,8

1,0

1,2

2
2650
392
1,34

1,4

1,6

2,5
2460
392
1,79

1,8

2,0

2,2

2,4

2,6

2,8 3,0
M/Nm

15

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Which of the statements below are true?


c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g
c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g
c
d
e
f
g

16

The maximum torque of the motor is identical for


both circuit types
In star configuration the phase current is lower
A delta connection offers the better speed/torque
ratio as compared to a star circuit
The starting current is generally lower for the star
connection than delta configuration
The star/delta switch has practically no significance
at all
The star/delta switch permits the motor to start "more
smoothly"
In practice asynchronous motors are operated only in
star configuration

Correct

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Training content: "Rotation reversal"


z

Identify the difference between clockwise and anti-clockwise


rotation
Put the motor into operation in both rotation directions

Definition of rotation direction


If you look at the drive shaft end of the asynchronous machine from the perspective
of the working machine (in our case the brake), the rotating direction is positive
when it is clockwise. If the motor has two workable shaft ends, then it is the shaft
end opposite the cooling vents, collector or slip-rings that is the shaft end which
defines the rotation direction.
Note: in the "Classic series" (0.3 KW & 1.0 KW) the rotation direction is
determined by the rotation direction of the brake, i.e. if the asynchronous machine
rotates clockwise, i.e. in the positive direction, the control unit of the brake indicates
a negative rotation direction. Thus the rotation direction displayed is always that of
the brake.

17

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Assembly instructions: "Rotation reversal"


z

Assemble the circuits as specified in the circuit diagrams and set-up


instructions below.
Switch on the brake too. This does not yet subject the motor to any load.

More detailed information on the brake can be found in the corresponding online
documentation

Circuit diagram "Rotation reversal" (star/delta switch)

18

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up for "rotation reversal" (star/delta switch)

Rotation reversal
Experiment procedure:
z

Switch on the motor and observe how it responds

What is the motor's direction of rotation?


The motor rotates clockwise
j The motor rotates anti-clockwise
k
l
m
n
i
j
k
l
m
n

Correct

19

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Switch the motor off and modify the circuit according to the following circuit
diagram
Turn the motor back on and observe its response again

Circuit diagram "Rotation Reversal" (star-delta switch)

20

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

What is the motor's direction of rotation


The motor rotates clockwise
i The motor rotates anti-clockwise
j
k
l
m
n
j
k
l
m
n

Correct

How can the rotation direction of the three-phase asynchronous machine be


reversed?
i
j
k
l
m
n

Interchanging any two phase lines

j
k
l
m
n

Only by exchanging phase lines L2 & L3

Correct

21

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

22

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Training contents: "Load characteristics"


z
z
z
z

Record the load characteristics of the motor


Determine the nominal torque
Determine the highest degree of efficiency
Study how the motor responds to loads

Assembly instructions: "Load characteristics"


z

Assemble the circuits as specified in the following circuit diagram and


set-up instructions.
Switch the brake on too. This does not yet subject the motor to any load.

More detailed information on the brake and the software used can be found in the
appropriate online documentation

23

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Circuit diagram "Load characteristics" (star-delta switch)

24

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Load characteristics" (star-delta switch)

Recording the motor's load characteristics with the aid of the "ActiveDrive/
ActiveASMA" software
Required settings:
z

Brake:
{ Industrial series: "PC mode"
{ Classic series: "Application mode" (
Note: when starting the
"ActiveASMA" software you will be prompted to select "Application
mode")

25

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

z
z
z
z

26

Start the "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software


Select the operating mode "automatic speed control"
Apply the brake to the motor in 20 discrete steps until the motor ceases
to turn ( Note: in the "ActiveDrive / ActiveASMA" software enter the
corresponding number of steps before this occurs under "Settings" ->
"Presets" -> "Ramp")
The load characteristics of the asynchronous motor are to be recorded for both
star as well as delta connection
Begin with a star connection
For each operating mode two graphs are plotted
Label and scale the graphs as shown in the place holders below
The following parameters are to be recorded:
{ In the first graph:
Torque M
(n)
Slip s
( Note: in the "ActiveDrive / ActiveASMA" software
(n)
enter the corresponding number of steps before this occurs under
"Settings" -> "Presets" -> "Machine")
{ In the second graph:
Mechanical power P
2(n)
Power factor cos
(n)
Efficiency
(n)
After completing the measurement, export the plotted graph and copy it in
place of the placeholder below
Determine the the highest possible efficiency (n) for each operating mode
based on the second graph

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Placeholder for the load graph (star connection); M(n); s(n)

Placeholder for load graph (star connection);


P2(n); cos(n) ;(n) ( => "eta")

27

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Placeholder for load graph (delta connection); M(n); s(n)

Placeholder for load graph (delta connection);


P2(n);cos (n); (n) ( => "eta")

28

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

What is the efficiency of the asynchronous machine in star configuration at


nominal speed?
= 45__%

Correct

What is the torque of the asynchronous machine at nominal speed in star


configuration?
MN = 0,4_Nm

Correct

What is the efficiency of the asynchronous machine in delta configuration at


nominal speed?
= 63__%

Correct

What is the torque of the asynchronous machine at nominal speed in delta


configuration?
MN = 1,4_Nm

Correct

29

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

30

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Training content: "Dynamic load experiments"


z

z
z

Simulate different dynamic loads (load machines) with the


"DynAMA" software
Set the software parameters using the load specific default values
(inertia and load torque, load constants, etc.)
Record and evaluate the various load characteristics
Study how the motor responds to different loads

Assembly instructions: "Dynamic load experiments (Classic


series)"
z

Assemble the circuits as specified in the following circuit diagram and


set-up instruction.
Switch the brake on. This does not yet subject the motor to any load.

More detailed information regarding the brake and the software being used can
be found in the corresponding online documentation

31

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Circuit diagram "Dynamic load experiments"

32

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Load characteristics" (star-delta switch)

33

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Generating different dynamic loads using the "DynAMA" software


Recording characteristics in star and delta starting with the "Flywheel" load
machine
Required settings:
z

Brake: "Application mode" ( Note: when starting the "DynAMA" software


you will be prompted to select "Application mode")
The following settings are to made in "DynAMA":
{ Load machine: "Flywheel"
{ Moment of inertia: "10"
{ Measurement time:"50" (seconds)
{ Trigger: "Speed"
Level: "4"
Delay: "4"

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

Start the "DynAMA" software and make the required settings


Label and scale the graphs as shown in the placeholders below
The following parameters should be recorded during the measurement:
{ Speed n
(t)
{ Torque M
(t)
{ Conductor current I
(t)
Start the motor first in star configuration and then, at a certain switchover
speed, the motor is switched to delta configuration
A total of 3 start characteristics should be recorded for the following switchover
speeds:
{ n =500 rpm
1
{ n =1000 rpm
2
{ n =1500 rpm
3
After completing the measurements the plotted graphs should be exported
and copied into the placeholders below

Note: during the measurement monitor the actual speed being displayed in
"DynAMA" in order to perform switchover at the right point in time
Additional information on the "Flywheel" load machine and on the definition of
moment of inertia can be found in the online documentation of the "DynAMA"
software

34

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Placeholder for starting characteristic (n1=500 rpm)

Placeholder for starting characteristic (n2=1000 rpm)

35

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Placer for the starting characteristic (n3=1500 rpm)

Which of the following statements about the plotted graphs are correct?
b
c
d
e
f
g
c
d
e
f
g

c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g

c
d
e
f
g

36

The magnitude of the surge in motor current is


dependent on the respective switchover speed
The switchover from star to delta should always be
performed in this experiment when a max. of 15% of
the nominal speed has been reached
The starting current drops as the moment of inertia
increases
When starting in star configuration, this considerably
reduces the motor's starting current
In practice there are no loads which correspond to
the speed/torque characteristic of a flywheel

Correct

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Recording characteristics during star-delta starting with the "Calender" load


machine
Required settings:
z

Brake: "Application mode" ( Note: when starting the "DynAMA" software


you will be prompted to select "Application mode")
The following settings should be made in the "DynAMA" software:
{ Load machine: "Calender"
{ Load constant 1: "4" (1st measurement)
{ Load constant 2: "6" (2nd measurement)
{ Measurement time:"5" (seconds)
{ Trigger: "Speed"
Level: "4"
Delay: "4"

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

Start the "DynAMA" software and make the required settings


Label and scale the graphs as in the appropriate placeholders below
The following parameters should be recorded during the measurement:
{ Speed n
(t)
{ Torque M
(t)
{ Conductor current I
(t)
First start the motor in star configuration and then switch over to delta
configuration after 2 seconds
A total of 2 starting characteristics should be recorded for 2 load constants:
{ L = 4
1
{ L = 6
2
After completing each of the measurements export the plotted graphs and
copy them into the placeholders below

Additional information regarding the load machine and on the definition of load
constants can be found in the online documentation of the DynAMA software

37

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Placeholder for starting characteristic (L1=4)

Placeholder for starting characteristic (L2=6)

38

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Which of the following statements about the plotted graphs are correct?
c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g

c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g
c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g

There is severe delay before the increase in speed


Only when the speed is no longer varying should
switchover from star to delta take place as otherwise
unnecessarily high motor currents can be produced
with this load machine
The switchover point from star to delta is arbitrary
since the load increases linearly with the speed
After some time the speed no longer varies but
remains constant
The smaller the load constant, the greater the motor
current at the moment of switchover
The speed is lower in star configuration than in delta
configuration

Correct

39

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

40

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Training content: "Reactive power compensation"


z
z

Understand the purpose of reactive power compensation


Recognise the influence of the connection configuration (Y- or
configuration) and the effect of the capacitance on reactive
power compensation

Assembly instructions: "Reactive power compensation"


z

Assemble the circuits as specified in the following circuit diagrams and


set-up instructions.
Switch on the brake too. This does not yet subject the motor to any load.

More detailed information regarding the brake can be found in the corresponding
online documentation

41

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Circuit diagram "Reactive power compensation" (star connection with compensation)

42

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Reactive power compensation" (star connection with compensation 0.5 F)

43

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Reactive power compensation" (star connection with compensation 1.0 F)

Recording a load characteristic for the motor in star configuration with


compensation (0.5/1.0 F) using the "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software
Required settings:
z
z

44

Industrial series: "PC mode"


Classic series: "Application mode" ( Note: when starting the software
"ActiveASMA" you will be prompted to select "Application mode")

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

z
z
z
z

Start the "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software


Select "Automatic speed control" operating mode
The brake should be applied to the motor in 20 steps until the motor can no
longer rotate ( Note: enter the corresponding number of steps in the
"ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software under the "Settings" -> "Presets" ->
"Ramp")
Record a load characteristic for the asynchronous motor in star configuration
with various reactive power compensation levels
Begin with a compensation of 0.5 F
A separate graph is to be plotted for each compensation
Label the graphs as in the placeholders below
The following parameters are to be recorded:
{ Apparent power S
(n)
{ Active power P
1(n)
{ Reactive power Q
(n)
{ Power factor cos
(n)
After completing the measurements the graphs plotted should be exported
and copied into the appropriate placeholders below
Placeholder for load graph; compensation 0.5 F

45

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Placeholder for load graph; compensation 1.0 F

46

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Circuit diagram "Reactive power compensation" (delta connection with compensation)

47

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Reactive compensation" (Delta connection with compensation 0.5 F)

48

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Set-up "Reactive power compensation" (delta connection with compensation 1.0 F)

Recording a load characteristic for the motor in delta configuration with


compensation (0.5/1.0 F) using the "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software
Required settings:
z

Brake:
{ Industrial series: "PC mode"
{ Classic series: "Application mode" (
Note: when starting the
"ActiveASMA" software you will be prompted to select "Application
mode")

49

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

z
z
z
z

Start the "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software


Select "Automatic speed control" operating mode
The brake is to be applied to the motor in 20 discrete steps until the motor is
no longer able to rotate ( Note: enter the corresponding number of steps it
takes for this to occur into "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" under "Settings" ->
"Presets" -> "Ramp")
Record a load characteristic for the asynchronous motor in delta configuration
with various reactive power compensation levels
Begin with a compensation level of 0.5 F
For each compensation level a separate graph is to be plotted
Label the graphs as shown in the placeholders below
The following parameters should be recorded:
{ Apparent power S
(n)
{ Active power P
1(n)
{ Reactive power Q
(n)
{ Power factor cos
(n)
After completing the plots export the graphs and copy them into the
corresponding placeholders below
Placeholder for load graph; compensation 0.5 F

50

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

Placeholder for load graphs; compensation 1.0 F

For which connection type is a higher reactive power compensation achieved?


Star connection
i Delta connection
j
k
l
m
n
j
k
l
m
n

Correct

What effect does the capacitance of the capacitors have on the performance?
None
b When the capacitors are too large the capacitive
c
d
e
f
g
reactive power is tapped from the mains
c An oversized capacitor reduces the capacitive load
d
e
f
g
on the mains and for that reason tends to be
desirable
b In general the following holds true: the lower the
c
d
e
f
g
capacitance of the capacitors, the worse the reactive
power compensation
c
d
e
f
g

Correct

51

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor

52

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit


On the subsequent pages you will be performing the following exercises
on the asynchronous motor with a Steinmetz circuit:

z
z

Connection and starting


Load characteristics

53

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

54

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Training contents: "Connection and starting"


z

z
z

z
z

Identify the motor terminals and operate the three-phase


asynchronous motor using the Steinmetz circuit from a singleconductor mains (AC power mains)
Measure the phase voltage and the phase current
Examine the attributes of the Steinmetz circuit with various
operating capacitors (capacitances)
Put the motor into operation with the brake
Subject the motor to loads

Assembly instructions: "Connection and starting"


z

Assemble the circuits as specified in the following circuit diagrams and


set-up instructions.
Switch on the brake too. This does not yet subject the motor to any load.

More detailed information regarding the brake and the software can be found in
the appropriate online documentation

55

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Circuit diagram "Connection and starting" (Steinmetz circuit)

56

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Set-up "Connection and starting" (Steinmetz circuit, CB = 6F)

Putting the three-phase asynchronous motor into operation on the AC mains


with the aid of an operating capacitor (CB=6F)
Required settings:
z

Brake mode: "Torque control"

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

Put the motor into operation and observe how it responds


Apply the brake to the motor until the motor reaches the nominal speed
At the same time measure the phase winding voltage and
current variables Uphase, Iphase and the required braking torque MBrake

Make sure that the ammeter and voltmeter are connected correctly
57

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Enter your measurements


Uphase = 227_V
Iphase = 0,74A

Correct

MBrake = 0,27Nm

Now reduce the capacitance of the operating capacitor by modifying the


set-up as shown below.

Set-up "Connection and starting" (Steinmetz circuit, CB = 3F)

58

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Experiment procedure:
z

Put the motor back into operation and observe how it responds

How does the motor respond?


There is a severe delay before the motor starts
to rotate
i The motor does not start
j
k
l
m
n
j
k
l
m
n

Correct

Which of the following statements are true?


b
c
d
e
f
g

c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g
c
d
e
f
g
b
c
d
e
f
g

Due to the lower capacitance of the operating


capacitor, sufficient current cannot be induced and
for that reason the motor does not start
The size of the operating capacitor is irrelevant to the
starting response of the motor
The greater the capacitance the higher the starting
torque
Of course the size of the capacitor determines the
rotation direction of the asynchronous motor
The torque of the three-phase motor connected to an
AC mains is considerably lower than one connected
to a three-phase mains

Correct

59

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

60

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Training contents: "Load characteristics"


z
z
z
z

Record the load characteristics of the motor


Compute the nominal torque
Determine the highest degree of efficiency
Study how the motor responds to loads

Assembly instructions: "Load characteristics"


z

Assemble the circuits according to the following circuit diagram and setup instructions.
Switch on the brake too. This does not yet subject the motor to any load.

More detailed information on the brake and the software can be found in the
appropriate online documentation

61

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Circuit diagram "Load characteristics" (Steinmetz circuit)

62

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Set-up "Load characteristics " (Steinmetz circuit, CB = 6F)

63

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Required settings:
z

Brake: "PC mode" or "Application mode" ( Note: when starting the


"ActiveASMA" software you will be prompted to select "Application mode")

Experiment procedure:
z
z
z

z
z
z
z

64

Start the "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software


Select "Automatic speed control" operating mode
The brake is applied to the motor in 20 discrete steps until a speed of 1200
rpms is reached ( Note: enter the corresponding number of steps it takes to
achieve this in the "ActiveDrive/ActiveASMA" software under "Settings" ->
"Presets" -> "Ramp"!)
Record load characteristics for the asynchronous motor on an AC mains
A total of two graphs are to be recorded
Label and scale the graphs as in the appropriate placeholders shown below
The following parameters are to be recorded:
{ In the first graph:
Torque M
(n)
Degree of efficiency
(n)
{ In the second graph:
Mechanical power P
2(n)
Apparent power S
(n)
Active power P
1(n)
Reactive power Q
(n)
After completing the measurement export the plotted graphs and copy them
into the appropriate placeholders below

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Placeholder for load graph; M(n); (n) ( => "eta")

Placeholder for load graph; P2(n); S(n); P1(n); Q(n)

65

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Asynchronous motor, Steinmetz circuit

Based on the first graph determine the efficiency for the nominal speed
= 31__%

66

Correct

EEM41 Drehstromasynchronmaschinen
Copyright

Congratulations!
This is the last page. You have completed the course "EEM41 Threephase asynchronous machines".

Copyright 2004-2006 LUCAS-NLLE GmbH.


This course "EEM 41 Three-phase asynchronous machines" is protected by
copyright. All rights pertaining thereto are reserved. Any reproduction of the
document as a file or in written form be it photocopy, microfilm or any other method
or conversion into a machine-compatible language, in particular for data processing
systems, without the expressed written approval of the LUCAS-NLLE GmbH is
strictly forbidden.
The software as described above is made available on the basis of a general
licensing agreement or in the form of a single license. The use or reproduction of the
software is only permitted in strict compliance with the contractual terms stated
therein.
If changes have been performed in a manner which was not strictly authorised by
the LUCAS-NLLE GmbH, any product liability or warranty claims pertaining thereto
are null and void.

67

16

Lucas-Nlle Lehr- und Megerte GmbH


Siemensstrae 2 D-50170 Kerpen-Sindorf
Telefon +49 2273 567-0 Fax +49 2273 567-30
www.lucas-nuelle.de