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TXDOT County:

BRIDGE C-S-J:
DIVISION Descrip:

ANY
Highway:
XXX-XX-XXXX
ID #:
Box-beam Superstructure

Any
XXXX

Design:
Ck Dsn:
File:

BRG

Date:
2/13/15
Date:
distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
1 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1


INPUT:
Box Type
Joint Width, tJoint
Spacing, S4
Number of Beams, Nb
Overhang Width, OH5
Skew,
3

CLbrg to CLbrg, L =
Slab depth, ts =
Rail Width, RW =
Roadway Width, W =
Total No. of Beams, Nb =
No. of Lanes, NL =

Interior Beam2
4B20
1.5
in
4.104 ft
4
not applicable
30
degrees
98.42
5.0
1.0
24.17
6
2

feet
inches
ft
ft

Exterior Beam
5B20
1.5
in
5.104 ft
2
2.323 ft
30
degrees

(if asphalt use 0)

SECTION PROPERTIES:
Beam Type
Width of Top Flange (in) - bft
Thickness of Top Flange (in) - tft
Width of Bottom Flange (in) - bfb
Thickness of Bottom Flange (in) - tfb
Design Thickness of Web (in) - tw
Design Beam Width or Slab Width (in) - b6 or EFW 6
Beam Height or Slab Height (in) - d or ts
Dist from Edge of Beam to Edge of Flange (in) - x
Area (in2) - A
Distance to centroid from bottom of beam (in) - yb
Moment of Inertia (in4) - I
Weight (klf) - W

4B20
43.75
5.5
47.75
5
5
47.75
20
4
591.8
9.81
28086.2
0.616

Interior
slab
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
49.25
5
n/a
246.2
22.5
513
0.257

sh key
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
40.0
12.39
535
0.042

5B20
55.75
5.5
59.75
5
5
59.75
20
4
717.8
9.88
35234
0.748

Exterior
slab
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
58.50
5
n/a
292.5
22.5
609
0.305

sh key
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
40.0
12.39
535
0.042

Notes:
1. For typical cross sections ( f, g (sufficiently connected to act as a unit)). Table 4.6.2.2.1-1
2. If there are mixed beam types in the interior, then this calculation should be completed for each beam type.
3. When the Span Length is greater than 100ft for Beams 4B40 and 5B40, use Beams 4B40+100 and 5B40+100 respectively.
4. Beam spacing is based on the bottom width of the beam plus the joint width.
5. Overhang width is from the center of the beam to the edge of the slab. The default value is based on 1/2 the top width of the beam.
6. The design beam width equals the width of the bottom flange. For box beams topped by a concrete slab, the slab width equals the Effective Flange
Width (EFW) as calculated below.

FINAL
LLDF

RESULTS:
Interior Shear LLDF, gVinterior

0.664

FINAL
LLDF
Exterior Shear LLDF, gVexterior

1.139

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2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
2 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1


Interior Moment LLDF, gMinterior

0.333

Exterior Moment LLDF, gMexterior

0.354

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distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
3 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1


CALCULATIONS:
Composite Moment of Inertia, Ic
(calculated based on effective flange width)
INTERIOR BEAMS (Int.)
Effective Flange Width, EFW (composite section)

EFW int =

min

(AASHTO LRFD Section 4.6.2.6)

L
4

12 t s + max

[ ]
tw
0 .5 b ft

EFW int =

49.25 inches

yc_int =

13.54 inches

dbeam_int =

3.73 inches

dslab_int =

-8.96 inches

where tw equals the distance between the outside of the webs at


their tops (AASHTO LRFD Comm. C4.6.2.6.1)
Composite Moment of Inertia, Ic
Distance to the composite section centroid, yc
yc =

A beam y bbeam + A slab y bslab


A beam + A slab

Distance from the composite centroid to the slab or box section centroid, d
dbeam =
dslab =

y c y beam
y c y slab

Composite Moment of Inertia, Ic


Ic =

I beam + A beam ( d beam ) +I slab+ A slab ( d slab )

Ic_int =

56,622 in4

EXTERIOR BEAMS (Ext.)


Effective Flange Width, EFW (composite section)
(Calculated based on exterior beam dimesions
for the adjacent interior beam.)

EFW ext =

0 . 5 EFW int +min

L
8

6t s +max

0 .5 t w
0. 25 b ft

OH

EFW ext =

58.50 inches

yc_ext =

13.53 inches

db_ext =

3.65 inches

ds_ext =

-8.97 inches

where tw equals the distance between the outside of the webs at


their tops (AASHTO LRFD Comm. C4.6.2.6.1)
Composite Moment of Inertia, Ic
Distance to the composite section centroid, yc
yc =

A beam y bbeam + A slab y bslab


A beam + A slab

Distance from the composite centroid to the slab or box section centroid, d
db =
ds =

y c y beam
y c y slab

Composite Moment of Inertia, Ic


2

I beam + A beam ( d beam ) +I slab+ A slab ( d slab )

TXDOT County:
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Date:
distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
4 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1


Ic =

I beam + A beam ( d beam ) +I slab+ A slab ( d slab )

Ic_ext =

68,945 in4

(AASHTO LRFD Eq. C4.6.2.2.1-3 (for thin-walled shapes))

St Venant's Torsional Constant, J

4A
J=

o2

Where, Ao is the area enclosed by the centerlines of the elements that make up the thin-walled structure, s is the
element lengths, and t is the element thicknesses (see diagrams below for a graphical representation of these
variables).
For the calculation of J, the shear key is ignored, and the Box Beam cross section is simplifed to an open box with
dimensions equaling d (height) and b fb - 2x (width).

Simplified Beam

Depicting Ao

Depicting s and t of Elements

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distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
5 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1

INTERIOR BEAMS (Int.)


Calculate Ao

A o = ( b fb 2 xt w ) d

t fb +t ft t s
2

Calculate s/t

s b 2 xt b 2 xt
t = fb t +t w + fb t w +2
ft s
fb

Ao_int =

t fb +t ft t s
2
tw

t=

599.44 in2

17.160

St Venant's Torsional Constant, J

4A
J=

o2

s
t

Jint =

83,761 in4

Ao_ext =

806.44 in2

EXTERIOR BEAMS (Ext.)


Calculate Ao

A o = ( b fb 2 xt w ) d

t fb +t ft t s
2

Calculate s/t

s b 2 xt b 2 xt
t = fb t +t w + fb t w +2
ft s
fb

t fb +t ft t s
2
tw

t=

20.702

St Venant's Torsional Constant, J

4A
J=

o2

s
t

Distance between the Outside Web and the Face of the Curb, d e

Jext =

125,655 in4

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2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
6 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1

de = OH - RW-1/2 * bfb + x + 1/2*tw

de =

-0.6 ft

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distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
7 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1


Correction for Skew
INTERIOR BEAMS (Int.)
Shear LLDF Correction for Skew (Table 4.6.2.2.3c-1)
Checks
Check : 0 30 60
Check L: 20' 98.4' 120'
Check Nb: 5 6 20
Check b: 35'' 47.8'' 60''

OK
OK

Check d: 17'' 20'' 60''

OK

OK
OK

12 . 0 L
tan
90 d

Corr. =

1. 0+

Corr. =

1.499

Moment LLDF Correction for Skew (Table 4.6.2.2.2e-1)


Based on TxDOT's LRFD Bridge Design Manual, "Do not apply the skew correction factor for moment as
suggested in Article 4.6.2.2.2e."
EXTERIOR BEAMS (Ext.)
Shear LLDF Correction for Skew (Table 4.6.2.2.3c-1)
Checks
Check : 0 30 60
Check L: 20' 98.4' 120'
Check Nb: 5 6 20
Check b: 35'' 59.8'' 60''

OK
OK

Check d: 17'' 20'' 60''

OK

Corr. =

1. 0+

OK
OK

12 . 0 L
tan
90 d

Corr. = 1.499
Moment LLDF Correction for Skew (Table 4.6.2.2.2e-1)
Based on TxDOT's LRFD Bridge Design Manual, "Do not apply the skew correction factor for moment as
suggested in Article 4.6.2.2.2e."
Minimum Distribution Factor
m=
1.0
gmin = m NL Nb

gmin =

0.333

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distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
8 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1

Load Distribution Factors


INTERIOR BEAMS (Int.)
Shear LL Distribution Per Lane (Table 4.6.2.2.3a-1):
Checks
Check b: 35'' 47.8'' 60''
Check L: 20' 98.4' 120'
Check Nb: 5 6 20

OK
OK
OK
OK

Check J: 25,000 83,761 610,000


Check I: 40,000 56,622 610,000

OK

One Lane Loaded


gVint1 =
gVint1 =

0 . 15

b
130 L

I
J

0. 05

( ) ()
0.424

Modify for Skew:


1.499
0.635

skew correc. =
gVint1 =
Two or More Lanes Loaded
gVint2+ =
gVint2+ =

b
156

0.4

( ) (

b
12. 0 L

0. 1

0 . 05

) ( ) (48b )

where,

(48b )1. 0

0.443

Modify for Skew:


skew correc. =
gVint2+ =
>>

I
J

1.499
0.664

If W 20 ft, gVinterior is the maximum of gVint1, gVint2+, and gmin.

gVinterior =

If W < 20 ft, gVinterior is the maximum of gVint1 and gmin.


Moment LL Distribution Per Lane (Table 4.6.2.2.2b-1):
Checks
Check b: 35'' 47.8'' 60''
Check L: 20' 98.4' 120'
Check Nb: 5 6 20

OK
OK
OK

One Lane Loaded


gMint1 =
gMint1 =

b
k
33 . 3 L

0. 5

I
J

0 .25

)()

where,

k=

0.191

Two or More Lanes Loaded


gMint2+ =

b
k
305

0 .6

( )(

b
12 . 0 L

k=

0. 2

I
J

0 . 06

)()

0.2

2.5 ( Nb )
1.747

1 .5

0.664

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Date:
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Date:
distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
9 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1


gMint2+ =
>>

0.295

If W 20 ft, gMinterior is the maximum of gMint1, gMint2+, and gmin.

gMinterior =

If W < 20 ft, gMinterior is the maximum of gMint1 and gmin.

0.333

EXTERIOR BEAMS (Ext.)


Shear LL Distribution Per Lane (Table 4.6.2.2.3b-1):
Checks
Check b: 35'' 59.8'' 60''
Check L: 20' 98.4' 120'
Check de: -0.6' 2'
Check Nb: 5 6 20

OK
OK
OK

Note: For exterior beams,


the interior shear and
moment values are
calculated for like beams.

OK
OK

Check J: 25,000 125,655 610,000


Check I: 40,000 68,945 610,000

OK

One Lane Loaded


gVint1(ext) =
gVint1(ext) =

0 . 15

b
130 L

I
J

0. 05

( ) ()
0.434

gVext1 = e * gVint1(ext)

where,

e=

1. 25+

de
1 . 0
20

e = 1.220
gVext1 =

0.529

Modify for Skew:


skew correc. =
gVint1(ext) =
gVext1 =

1.499
0.650
0.793

Two or More Lanes Loaded


gVint2+(ext) =
gVint2+(ext) =
gVext2+ =

b
156

0.4

( ) (

b
12. 0 L

0. 1

I
J

0 . 05

) ( ) (48b )

(48b )1. 0

0.611

egV int 2+(ext )

(48b )

where,

48
1 . 0
b
e=

e=
gVext2+ =

where,

0.760

Modify for Skew:


skew correc. =
gVint2+(ext) =

1.499
0.915

b
d e + 2
12
1+
40

1.244

0 .5

1. 0

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distribution_factors_box.xls

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
10 of 20
Sheet:

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1


gVext2+ =
>>

1.139

If W 20 ft, gVexterior is the maximum of gVext1, gVext2+, gVint1(ext),


gVint2+(ext), and gmin.

gVexterior =

If W < 20 ft, gVexterior is the maximum of gVext1, gVint1(ext), and gmin.

1.139

EXTERIOR BEAMS (Ext.)


Moment LL Distribution Per Lane (Table 4.6.2.2.2d-1):
Checks
Check de: -0.6' 2'
Check b: 35'' 59.8'' 60''
Check L: 20' 98.4' 120'
Check Nb: 5 6 20

OK
OK
OK
OK

One Lane Loaded


gMint1(ext) =

gMint1(ext) =

b
33 . 3 L

0. 5

I
J

0 .25

)()

where,

k=
k=

2.5 ( Nb )0.2 1 .5
1.747

0.203

gMext1 = e * gMint1(ext)

gMext1 =

where,

e=

1. 125+

e=

1.105

e=

1. 04 +

e=

1.016

de
30

1 . 0

0.224

Two or More Lanes Loaded


gMint2+(ext) =
gMint2+(ext) =

b
305

0 .6

( )(

>>

0. 2

I
J

0 . 06

)()

0.349

gMext2+ = e * gMint2+(ext)

gMext2+ =

b
12 . 0 L

where,

de
25

1. 0

0.354

If W 20 ft, gMexterior is the maximum of gMext1, gMext2+, gMint1(ext),


gMint2+(ext), and gmin.
If W < 20 ft, gMexterior is the maximum of gMext1, gMint1(ext), and gmin.

gMexterior =

0.354

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distribution_factors_box.xls

LRFD Live Load Distribution Factors1

2007 LRFD Specs


Rev. 7/08 - (No Interim)
11 of 20
Sheet:

Beam Sectional Properties


All of these beams have 3/4" chamfers on the bottom two corners of the beam.

Beam

B (in)

C (in)

D (in)

E (in)

F (in)

G (in)

H (in)

4B20
5B20
4B28
5B28
4B34
5B34
4B40
5B40
4B40+100
5B40+100
UserDefined

43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75

2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2

5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5

4
4
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
2

4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
0
0
0
6
6
12
12
12
12
0

Torsion Constant2
AASHTO LRFD, p4-25, closed thin-walled shapes
Beam

bft (in)

tft (in)

bfb (in)

tfb (in)

tw (in)

x (in)

d (in)

4B20
5B20
4B28
5B28
4B34
5B34
4B40
5B40
4B40+100
5B40+100
UserDefined
1

43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75
55.75
43.75
2

5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
3

47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75
4

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6

4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
7

20
20
28
28
34
34
40
40
40
40
18
8

TYPICAL SECTION
Multiple Presence Factors
NL
m
1
1.2
2
1
3
0.85
4
0.65

10

11

12

13

14

15

17

I (in)

J(in)

yt (in)

yb (in)

A (in2)

I (in4)

Weight
(plf)

Shear Key
Area (in2)

20
20
28
28
34
34
40
40
40
40
18

47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75
59.75
47.75

591.81
717.81
678.81
804.81
798.81
924.81
918.81
1044.81
943.81
1069.81
571.81

28086
35234
68745
85370
115655
142161
176607
215300
180159
219007
21032

10.19
10.12
14.38
14.26
17.92
17.72
21.31
21.07
21.63
21.36
9.17

9.81
9.88
13.62
13.74
16.08
16.28
18.69
18.93
18.37
18.64
8.83

616
748
707
838
832
963
957
1088
983
1114
596

Enter Values in Green Shaded Cells.

Shear keys are neglected for the calculations of I comp and J.

40.00
40.00
86.00
86.00
86.00
86.00
86.00
86.00
86.00
86.00
32.00

18

19

Shear Key Shear Key


yb (in)
I (in4)
12.39
12.39
16.26
16.26
22.26
22.26
28.26
28.26
28.26
28.26
11.49

535.20
535.20
2547.36
2547.36
2547.36
2547.36
2547.36
2547.36
2547.36
2547.36
329.00

Shear Keys

21

22

23

24

25

Void 1

Void 2

Void Area
(in2)

Void yb
(in)

Void I (in4)

29.75
41.75
27.75
39.75
27.75
39.75
27.75
39.75
27.75
39.75
29.75

9.50
9.50
17.50
17.50
23.50
23.50
29.50
29.50
29.50
29.50
7.50

282.63
396.63
485.63
695.63
652.13
934.13
818.63
1172.63
793.63
1147.63
223.13

9.75
9.75
13.75
13.75
16.75
16.75
19.75
19.75
20.16
20.04
8.75

2125.58
2982.95
12393.55
17752.93
30011.34
42989.21
59367.37
85039.74
54918.50 There are 5" chamfers on the bo
80632.46 There are 5" chamfers on the bo
1045.90

There are 5" chamfers on the bottom two corners of the void in this beam.
There are 5" chamfers on the bottom two corners of the void in this beam.

Revision History:
8/18/2006

TAR

Spreadsheet Created

11/1/2007

CEL Updated for AASHTO LRFD 4th Edition 2007 & Bridge Design Manual April 2007.

6/16/2008

VEM Neglect Shear Keys in Ic and J calculations


g must be mNL/Nb
When W < 20ft, g = g1 Lane Loaded
Show gint for exterior beams
gext must be gint
Macro added to reinitialize default values
Corrected Shear Key I
Added User Defined Beam