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1

THE INTERNATIONAL ALPHABET


THE ALPHABET

A B C D E
Di:

G H

ef

di:

ei

bi:

Si:

K L M N O P

ai

ei

kei

El

I:

em

en

eit

Pi:

Q R S T U V W X
Kje:

a:(r)

es

ti:

ju:

vi:

Y Z
wai

zed

My Name Is Ahyan
It spells like

: ei, eit wai ei en

I Come From : Banten


It spells like

: bi, ei en ti: en
THE PHONATIC SYMBOL
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

dblju:

Exs

Lax

: Short (Pendek)
, e, l/i, , /u, D, :

VOWELS

Tense : Long (Panjang)


, :, :, i:, u:
Glide/Diphthong
Lemas)

: (Suara

eI, aI, , a, I, I, e,
Voiceless
: (Letupan
Berat/cepat)
P, k, f, s,

CONSONANTS

, t, , h, t

Voiced
: Letupan
Kalem/Santai
b, d, g, d, I, n, m, r, v, w, j,

NOTE: Pop Sound (Letupan) p, k, t, t, b, d, g, d

Stop, Take, Get, Wacth, Big, Did, Rob, Massage

Think: ......................................
Foot: ...........................................
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

Thing: ......................................
Food: ..........................................
Record

Record

................

................

................

................

Stress

Stress

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

VOWELS
1. Lax: Short
Kepada

Ago
away
support
paper
holiday

Bebek

Sate

Ten
pen
cell
dead
elephant

ta

sit
win
big
hit
eleven

cup
up
shut
come
us

la

tu

erlangga

got
god
not
hot
gone

put
good
look
could
book

shirt
bird
sir
birth
turn

2. Tense: Long
Mbeeak

Siti

Deso

Bapak

jujur

I:

u;

Hat
Back
Plan
Cat
happy

Seet
Seat
Meet
Feel
eat

Saw
Wall
Ball
Call
also

(Tinggi)

I (Rendah)
E (Bebek)
sedikit)
(Bunyi Kambing)

Car
Heart
Laugh
March
pardon

Too
Food
Moon
Shoot
You

(Tidak Merubah Bentuk Wajah)

(Gigi atas dan bawah tidak terpisah)

(Gigi atas dan bawah terbuka

u:

(mulut ke depan)

3. Glide/diphthong : Lemes
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

Pantai

Pay
Rain
Day
Take
name

a1

Mau

Amboi

Now
Mouth
How
Down
about

Boy
Join
Oil
Boil
choice

Near
Hear
Tear
Ear
dear

Care
Dare
Hair
Stair
air

Five
Nina
Night
Buy
Try

No
Note
Goat
Hold
home

Pure
Cure
Tour
surety

CONCONANTS
1. Voiceless

Park

Car

Few

Sun

Wish

Town

Think

Hear

Chair

Pack

Can

Free

Sing

Fashion Time

Thing

Head

Cheap

Stop

Kate

Deaf

Vice

Cash

Two

Three

Behave Rich

Happy Milk

coffe

pass

sheep

try

thin

who

Much

2. Voiced

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

6
Down
Red
Did
Had

Gate
Good
Got
Leg

W
Wet
When
One
Once

Back
Tab
Rubber
Big

j
Yellow
Year
Use
new
i:

Join
Juice
Major
Large

Lake
Sell
Look
Leg

Zoo
Size
Rise
freezer

Sit
Hit
Bid
Hill
bit

Mouse
Mine
Came
Swim

Television
Decision
Garage
usual

Seat
Heat
Bead
Heel
Beat

Name
Nigth
Snow
Gone

With
That
They
other

View
Very
Never
Over

n
King
Singer
Wrong
thing

e
Set
Head
Bed
Hell
bet

Run
Rain
Rob
Write

Sat
Had
Bad
Sad
bat

Ago
About
Admit
Alone
support

EXERCISE For e and


e

get
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

get

at

e
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Bed
Bend
Dead
Guess
Head

bed
band
dad
gas
had

1. (a) Drive slowly ! Theres a bend

(b) Drive slowly ! Theres band


up

1. Bag
2. Bat

bug
but
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

3. cap
4. Cat
5. Hat

cup
cut
hut

1. (a) What do you think of my hat

(b) What do you think of my hut


u
O
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Nu
Not

Own
Road
wont
coat
coast

No
not
on
rod
want
cot
cost

1.(a) The fish is at the end of the road


(b) The fish is at the end of the rod

kata

Symbol

Kata

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

symbol

Buy

Bye
Membeli

Sun

Selamat tinggal
son

Matahari
weak

Putra/anak laki laki


week

Lemah

mingguan

Weigh

way
Berat

Jalan/cara

Too

two
Terlalu

dua

Write

Right
Menulis

Benar/kanan

p
nt

up
not

1.
2.
3.
4.

bus
cuff
cut
gun

boss
cough
cot
gone
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

10

5. shut

shot

1. (a) Im afraid the bus will be late


(b) Im afraid the boss will be late

E
eI
e

get
geI
eI

debt
date
get
gate
let
late
men
main
met
mate
1 (a) you wont sell this boat
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

(b) you wont sail this boat

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

get
gay

11

PRONUNCING ED FORM IN PAST TENSE VERB


( Regular Verb)
Ed forms

id

Aturan-aturan
1 dibaca t ketika bunyi akhir suara pada sebuah kata kerja
bentuk present adalah voiceless
Eg : stop

stopped = t

Present tense

past tense

Talk

talked

Cross

crossed

Laugh

laughed

Look

looked\

Stop

stopped

Work

worked
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

12

Pick

picked

Wash

washed

Drip

dripped

Pass

passed

Place

placed

Park

parked

Stuff

stuffed

Dress

dressed

2 Dibaca d ketika bunyi akhir suara pada sebuah kata kerja


bentuk present = adalah voiced atau bunyi vowel
Eg : call

called = d

Present tense

past tense

dibaca

Live

lived

(.................)

Grab

grabbed

(.................)

Turn

turned

(.................)

Play

played

(.................)

Stay

stayed

(.................)

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

13

Fill

filled

(.................)

Burn

burned

(.................)

Rain

rained

(.................)

Clean

cleaned

(.................)

Stare

stared

(.................)

Study

studied

(.................)

Follow

followed

(.................)

Destroy

destroyed

(.................)

Bang

banged

(.................)

Massage

masseged

(.................)

3 dibaca id ketika bunyi akhir suara pada sebuah kata kerja


bentuk present adalah t atau d
Eg : need needed = id
Want wanted = id

Present tense

past tense
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

dibaca

14

End

ended

Add

added

Hunt

hunted

Want

wanted

Need

needed

Fold

folded

Start

started

Print

printed

Sound

sounded

Count

counted

Rest

rested

CONNECTED SPEECH MAKES PAST TENS


CLEAR
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

15

Watched
ter

her

watch

Planned
dit

it

plan

Waited
duntil

until

waited

Asked
tim

him

ask

Stopped
tat

at

stop

Walked
taway

away

walk

Worked
tuntil

until

work

Looked
tafter

after

look

lived
dat

at

live

THE PRONUNCIATION OF -/TO/


El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

16

Cara baca to"


TO

t (t) = preceded by Vlc (voiceless)\


d(d) = preceded by Vc (voiced/vowel)

For to

in isolation to
eg : to

at the beginning of sentence


eg : to speak english

at the end of sentense in short


answer
eg : I like to, but Im not able
to

The contraction of to
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

17

want to

wanna

going to

gonna

have to

hafta\

has to

hasta

have got to

gotta

hope to come

= attempt to

like ti see
talk

To = t

= stop to

- dont you stop to talk


- yes Im late I have to leave

right now
- how long do you expect to be
- I hope to be back in anhour
- Not to be
- He went
- To work
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

18

- I cant wait to find out


- Hope to come, nice to see

To = d

Plan to live
- sorry to hear
- able to swim

Try to go
- had to work
- happy to come
- Werent you planning to leave

early ?
- Yes but I had to wait for tim
- Did you decidet to stay

home ?
- Yes I really didnt want to go
- He told me to here
- She told you to get it
- I go to work
- We plan to do it
- Lets go to lunch
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

19

- Its the only way to do it


- So to speak
- I need to talk

To =tu:

I have no friend to talk to

To know you is to love you

To speak english is a must here

Id like to

I love to, but Im not able to

Is hes planning to

Would you like to go?

Id like to, but Im not able to

Before a verb going to is ofen pronounced/goona/ wan


to is commonoly as/ wanna/
Eg: -Im not going to gog
Gonna
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

20

-do you want to come ?


Wanna

PRONUNCING S
S=S

S preceded by voiceless consonant =S


Nouns+S
Eg: - Lipts /
- Hats/
- Jokes/
Verbs+S
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

21

Eg: - Mops/
- Kicks/
- Beats
Possessives+S
Eg: - Roberts
- Afifs
- A cats eye
Contractions+s
Eg: - its
- Whats
- Thats

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

22

S=Z
Spreceded by voiced consonant and vowel=Z
Noun+S
Eg: - caves/
- Clothes/
- Labs/
Verbs+S
Eg: - Needs
- Brings
- Seems
Possessive+S
Eg: - toms
- Danis

- Toms commmputer

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

23

Contractions+S
Eg: - theres
- Hes
- Shes
- My name is

WORD
CONNECTION

Dont speak word


by word
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

24

Aturan-aturan

iU + Vowel =
Eg: you are
Go away
Do it
You and I

to open
go anywhere
do I
dont you do it

I + Vowel =
The end
The only
She ever
I undrestend

she isnt
they are
she always
I also need the other one

T + Vowel
Get out
Out pf
But Im here

but I get one


give it A TRY
take it away

T + consonant
What was
That was
Get one

sit down
I cant wait for you
we dont know what to do

T + j = t/
Dont you
cant you do it?
Wont you
dont you like it?
No, not yet
lll let know
Can I get you drink
Whats your name ?
El.(@hkams
Pronunciation
D+j=d
J)
Islamic Boarding School

Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

25

Did you see it ?


Could you tell?
How did you like it?
Would you

had your
Did you find it?

S+J=
I miss you
Bless you
Yes, you are
Iil try to guess you agge

Z+J=
Hows your family ?
Who does your hair ?
How was your class today?
Whos your friend?
Wheres your mom?
Whens your brithday

/ + Consonant = Blend

With lemon
Both day
With zeal
With juice

h+

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding
School
preceded
by Verb
or Aux
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

are

26

Did he
Tell her
Keep her
Ask im
Kill her
Is he
Tell her l miss her

Tell them
Ask them
Is that right

Come
~
~
~
~
~
~

Consonant +
on
come in
Feel ok
my name is
Hold on
LA (los angeles)
Read only
follow up on
Turn over
902-5050
Take out
Pick up on the amerika intonation

THE PRONUNCIATION OF
=Of/Off

~OF =
Apabila setelah of bunyi consonant
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

27
Eg :
~ Get out of my face!
~ I`m kind of better
~ I`m sick of you
~ I`m kind of sick of you
~ What a lot of rot you talk
~Of =V
Apabila setelah of huruf Vowel
Eg :
~I`m sick of ana
~ Get out of here
~ To a lot of americans
~some of theme
~ All of them
~ First of all
Off = Of
Eg:
~ Just knock it off!
~ Switch off the lamp

THE PRONUNCIATON OF = Of/Off

Hav
Jelas

Di awal kalimat
di akhir kalimat
Menjadi Verb ordinary

Eg :
~ Have you ever been here
~ Yes, I have
~ I don`t have girl friend
~ I have a lot of money
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

28

Modal
perfect

+ Modal + Have +V3


Eg :
~ I should have gone
~ I could have been here
~ I`ll have been calling you
~ You may have been there
~ Must have cost a lot of money
Modal + not + Have + V3
Eg :
~ You sould not have been called
~ I may not have been here
~ I`ll not have been here

The Dogs Will Have


Eaten the Bones

Vi:tn
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

The
The
The
The
The
The
The
The
The
The
The

dDgz`l

bnz

students
students
students
students
students
students
students
students
students
students
students

study Latin in Britain


are studying Latin in Britain
have studied Latin in Britain
have been studying Latin in Britain
studied Latin in Britain
were studying Latin in Britain
had studied Latin in Britain
had study Latin in Britain
will been studying Latin in Britain
will be studying Latin in Britain
will have studied Latin in Britain

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

29
11. The students
Britain
12. The students
13. The students
14. The students
15. The students
Britain

will have been studying Latin in


would
would
would
would

study Latin in Britain


be studying Latin in Britain
have studied Latin in Britain
have been studying Latin in

Exercise 1-38 : Consistent Noun


stress in changing Verb Tenses
CD 2 Track 7
Eat
1. The dogs eat the bones.
Ate
2. The dogs ate the bones.
Are eating
3. The dogs`re eating the bones.
Will eat
4. The dogs`ll eat the bones.
Would eat
5. The dogs`d eat the bones.
Would have eaten 6. The dogs`d`ve eaten the bones.
That have eaten
7. The dogs`that`ve eaten the bones.
Have eaten
8. The dogs`ve eaten the bones.
Had eaten
9. The dogs`d eatet the bones.
Will have eaten
10. The dogs`ll`ve eaten the bones.
Ought to eaten
11. The dogs ought to eat the bones.
Should eat
12. The dogs should eat the bones.
Should not eat
13. The dogs souldn`t eat the bones.
Should have eaten 14. The dogs sould`ve eaten the bones.
Should not have eaten
15. The dogs shouldn`t`ve eaten the
bones.
Could eat
16. The dogs could eat the bones.
Could not eat
17. The dogs couldn`t eat the bones.
Could have eaten 18. The dogs could`ve eaten the bones.
Could not have eaten
19. The dogs couldn`t`ve eaten the
bones.
Might eat
20. The dogs might eat the bones.
Might have eaten 21. The dogs might`ve eaten the bones.
Must eat
22. The dogs must eat the bones.
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

30
Must have eaten
Can eat
Cant eat

23. The dogs must`ve eaten the bones.


24. The dogs can eat the bones.
25. The dogs cant the bones.

Exercise 1-19 : Spelling and Number.CD 1 Track 28


Acronym
Pronunciation
Spelling
Pronunciation
IBM
Eye Bee Em
Box
Bee Oh Ex
MIT
Em Eye Tee
Cook
See Oh Oh
Kay
Ph.D.
Pee Aitch Dee
Wilson
Double you Eye El Ess Oh En
MBA
Em Bee Ei
LA
Eh Lay
Number
Pronunciation
IQ
Eye Kyu
Area Code
213
RSVP
Are Ess Vee Pee
Zip Code
94708
TV
Tee Vee
Date
9/6/92
USA
You Ess i
phone Number
5559132
ASAP
i Ess i Pee
CIA
See Eye i
FBI
Eff Bee Eye
USNC
You Ess En See
COD
See Oh Dee
SOS
Ess Oh Ess
X.Y.Z
Ex.Why.Zee

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

31

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

32

Exercise 9-1 : Mind your Vees. CD 4


Track 28
Repeat the following word and sound after me
P
B
F
Perry
berry
fairy
Pat
bat
fat
Paul
ball
fall
Pig
big
fig
Prayed
braid
weighed
6. Poi
boy
foil
7. Pull
bull
full
8. Purr
burr
fur
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

V
very
vat
vault
vim
frayed

W
wary
wax
wall
wig
-----

avoid
----verb

---wool
were

Exercise 1-43 : yes,you can or no,you


cant? CD 2 Track 12
I can do it.
I cant do it.
I can do it.
I cant do it.

( I kn do it )
( I kn (t) do it )
( I kn do it )
( I kn (t) do it )

positive
negative
extra positive

extra negative

Dont Speak Word by Word


Exercise 2-2 : word connections
~ My name is......

~ Because Ive.....
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

33

~ Pick up on the American intonation.

Exercise 2-10 : T.D.S.or Z + Y Liasons CD 2


T + Y = CH
do(w)it]

Whats your name?


Cant you do it?

[wcher name]
[knt chew

Actually
Dont you like it?

[kchually]
[dont chew lye

kit]
Wouldnt you?

[wooden

chew]
Havent you? No, not yet.
n chet]
Ill you know.
Can i get you a drink?
getchew drink]
We thought you weren`t coming
wrnt kming]
I`ll bet you ten bucks he forgot
ten buxer frgt]
Is that your final answer?
sr]
Natural
Perpetual
Virtual

[hven chew?nou,
[Ill letcha know]
[Kni
[we th chew
[l betcha
[is thchr fin `ln
[nchrl]
[perpech(w)l]
[vrch (w)l]

D+Y=J
did you see it?
see it]
How did you like it?
Could you tell?

[didj

(y)

[hoj lye kit]


[kj tell]

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

34
Where did you send your check?
check]
What did yuor family think?
fmlee think ]
Did you find your keys?
keez]
We followed your intructions?
jerin strctionz]
Congratulations!
strctionnz]
Education
Individual
Graduation
Gradual

[wj senjer
[wjer
[didj fine jer
[we follow
[k`ngrj`lation
[edjcation]
[indvi(w)l]
[grj(w)ation]
[grj(w)l]

S + Y = SH
Yes, you are
Insurance
Bless you!
Press your hand together
d`gethr]
Can you dress yourself?
dreshier self]
You can pass your exams this year
psher egzmz thisheer]
I`ll try to guess your age
trydgeshierage]
Let him gas your car for you
gshier cr fr you]

[yesh are]
[inshurerance]
[blesshue]
[pressure hanz
[c`new
[yuk`n
[l
[leddim

Z + Y = ZH
how`s your family?

[hozhier fmlee]

How was your trip?

[howzhier trip ]

Whos your friend?

[hoozhier frend]

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

35
Where your mom?

[wrzhr mm]
[wnzhr

When`s your birthday?

brthday]
She says you`re OK?

[she szhierou kay]

Who does your hair

[hoo dzhier her ]

Casual

[kzhy(w) l]

Visual

[vizhy(w) l]

Spelling and Number connections


Contoh : (CD 2 : Track 38)
~ LA (Los Angles) [eh . lay]
~ 902-5050
[nai . no . too fai . vo . fai . vo]

Contoh lain : ( CD 2 : Track 39)


Repeat after me :
~ Hold on
~ Trun over
~ Tell her I miss her

[hol don]
[tur nover]
[teller I

~ read only
~ fall of
~ follow up on

[ree donly]
[f lff]
[fllo w

~
~
~
~
~
~
~

[c min]
[c lim]
[se lit]
[ta kout]
[fa d way]
[sik so]
[eh may]

misser]

pn]
come in
call him
sell it
take out
fade away
60
MA

Penyambung dengan kombinasi TH.


El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

36

TH Combination
kedepan

~ TH

= Posisi lidah

~ Consonant

= Posisi lidah

kebelakang
Contoh

Th
Th
Th
Th
Th
Th
Th
Th

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

: CD 2 : Track 42

L = with lemon
n = with nachos
t = both times
d = with delivery
s = both sizes
z = with zeal
ch = both charges
j = with juice

N + th = in the
Z + th = was that
D + th = hid those

Latihan penyambungan consonant/consonant


( CD 2 : Track 43 )
Pause the CD and reconnect the following words ass
shown in the models.
Repeat after me.
Hard times
[hardtime]
With luck
[withluck]
1. Business deal
2. Credit check

[businen sdeal]
[credi(t)check]

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
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37
The top file
[the topfile]
Sell nine new cars
[sellnine newcars]
Sit down
[sitdown]
Some plans need luck
[Someplan znee dluck]
Check cashing
[Che(ck)cashing]
Let them make conditions
[Let(t)themma)k(conditions]
9. Had time
[Hadtime]
10. Both days
[Bothdays]
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Contoh : (CD 2 Track 44)


- Go away
= Go(w)away
- I also need the other one = I(y)also need the
(y)
other one
- She isn`t
= She (y) isn`t
- Who is
= who (w) iz
(w)
- Go anyware
= Go nywhere
- So honest
= So (w) nest
- Through our
= Through (w) r
- You are
= You (w) iz
(w)
- He is
= He
i
(w)
- Do it
= Do
i
- I asked
= I (y) skt
- To open
= to (w) open
- She always
= she (y) weez
- Too often
= too (w) ffen
EXERCISE 2-10 T,D,S, or Z+Y. Liaison practice
- Put your
1. Gradual
2. Who`s your
3. Just your
4. Gesture
5. Miss you
6. Tissue
7. Got your
8. Where`s your
9. Congratulation
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
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38
10. Had your

THE AMERICAN
1.

T is T

At the begining of word


- Tomy takes ten times to try
In the midle of word Primary stress
- Italian
- Photography
Replace ed in past tense preceded by Vlc
- Stressed
- Helped
In CT, TS,TR, FT, PT, an sometimes NT. Combination
- Contract
- Lift
- Tempt
- Elect

2.

T is soft
d/r

In the midle of word inweak stress


~ Italy
~Photography
~Atom
~ Betty bought a bit of butter

3.

T is
At the end of word
~ Hot ~ Not
~ Got ~ Get
In ( T + consonant, except Y)
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

39
~ I Got not time
Before N in tain and ten endings
~ Mountain
~ Forgotten
~ Written
~ Bitten
In syllabic N
~ Student
~Garden

4.

Tis Silent/
mute

After
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

N with Lax Vowel


Internet
Inteview
International
Printer
Enter
Twenty
Print out
Percentase
advantage

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

40

STRESS AND
INTONATION
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

41
STRESS : Primary Stress

= Kuat

(/)
Scondary Stress

= Datar

(^)
Tertiary Stress = Agak turun
(\)
Weak Stress

= Benar benar turun

(.)
INTONATION :
( / ) High picth /3/
( ^ ) Mid picth /2/
(\ /.) Low picth /1/
Eg : ~when Can you b here? Tomorrow!
3
2

1
INTONATION
3

2
1

El. @hkams Pronunciation


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Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

42

They went home

I cant see mary

2
Good Morning

wont you sit down?

STRESS
Combination Of Two Primary and Weak
Pround

Pear
Strong
Taste

Coffee
Visit
Tiny
Bitter

Enjoy
Retire
Describe
Addres

Beautiful
Visiting
Fortunate
Calender

Tomato
Delicious
Rewarding
Import

Combination Of Three Stresses Primary Tertiary and


Weak
Accent
Adverb
Income
Import

Telephone
Alphabet
Exercise
Magazine

Afternoon
Disappear
Engineer
Japanes

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

Education
Population
Manufacture
Conversation

43

W, H
Intonasinya naik turun di akhir kalimat.
Eg :
~ What are you doing?
~ How are you?
~ Where have you been?

Yes / No
Intonasinya naik terus di akhir kalimat.
Eg :
~ Are you ok?
~ Is this yours?
~ Do you like it?
~ Dont you like it?

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

44

QUESTIO
They are coming tomorrow.
~ When are they coming?
~ Are they coming tomorrow?
She left yesterday.
~ When did she leave?
~ Did she leave yesterday?
He called last night.
~ When did he call?
~ Did he call last night?
Theyre going next week.
~ When are they going?
~ Are they going next week?
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

45
Who likes coffee?
~

I like coffee

How do you like coffee?


~

I like coffee

What do you like


~

I like coffee

Note : kalau subjeknya pronoun maka Verbnya dinaikan


bacanya tapi kalau Noun itu dibaca turun.

THE

THE

EAT
THEY
Exercise 1-3 : Noun and Pronoun intonation.
1 : Track 9
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

THEM

CD

46
1. Bob sees Betty.
2. Betty knows Bob.
him.
3. Ann and Ed call the kids.
them.
4. Jan sells some apple.
some.
5. Jean sells cars.
them.
6. Bill and I fix the bikes.
7. Carl hears Bob and me.
8. Dogs eat bones.
them.
9. The girls have a choice.
one.
10. The kids like the candy.
11. The boys need some help.
something.
12. Ellen should call her sister.
call someone.
13. The murderer killed the plumber.
man.
14. The tourists went shopping.
stuff.
15. ____________________
____________________
16. ____________________
____________________
17. ____________________
____________________
18. ____________________
____________________
19. ____________________
____________________

1. He sees her.
2. She knows
3. They call
4. She sells
5. She sells
6. We fix them.
7. He hears us.
8. They eat
9. They have
10.They like it.
11.They need
12.She should
13.He killed a
14.They bought
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

El. @hkams Pronunciation


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47
20. ____________________
____________________

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

didn`t you
Tab ending

Who likes candy?


What does Sam like?
Is that his car?
Will she stay?
Where are you going?
Whos going home?
When are you going home?
Did Mary buy a book?
Did Mary buy a book?
Did Mary buy a book?

20.

Sam like candy.


Sam likes candy.
No, thats her car.
No, shell leave.
Im going home.
Im going home.
Im going home now.
No, Mary borrowed a book.
No, Sue bought a book.
No, she bought a pen.

Question = you came yerterday,

Confirmation = you didn`t come


yesterday, did you

Exercise 1-60 : Tag Ending

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

48

Pause the CD and complete each sentence with a tag


ending. Use the same verb. But with the oppose polarity
positive become negative, and negative becomes
positive, then repeat after me, check answer key,
begining on page 193.
.

Intonation
1. The new clerk is
very slow, isn`t he!
improve
With a query, the information rises
type very well
way
With confirmation, the intonation drops
so,
it`s easy

coming,
book,

Pronunciation

10.we have to closed the office,


Did he?
have closed the office,

2. but he can
?
3.she doesn`t
!
4.they lost their
?
5.you don`t think
!
6. i don`t think
?
7.i`m your friend,
?
8.you won`t be
!
9.he keeps the
!

?
Didee?
?

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

11.we

49
Does he?
Duzzy?
closed the office,
!
Was he?
Wuzzy?
had the office closed,
?
Has he?
Hazzy?
closed the office,
?
Is he?
Izzy?
better close the office,
!
Will he?
Willy?
close the office,
?
Would he?
Woody?
closed,
?
Can he?
Canny?
tell,
!
Wouldnt you?
Wooden chew?
be working late tonight,
?
Shouldnt I?
Shdn ni?
been here by now,
!
Wont he?
Woe knee?
should be promoted,
Dint he?
Didn knee?
didnt send the fax,
Hasnt he?
Has a knee?
wont get a raise this year,
Wouldnt he?
Wooden knee?
computer,________________?
Isnt he?
Has a knee?
the computer,
!
Isnt it?
Wooden knee?
used to use the computer,
?
Doesnt it?
Is a knee?
You never used to work Saturdays, ?
Arent it?
Is a nit?
better,
!
Wont you?
Duzza nit?
Dont you?
Are ni?
Cant you?
Wone che?
Could you?
Done che?
Would you?
Cane che?
Could you?
Cjoo?
Would you?
Wjoo?

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

12.we had to
13.we
14.we had alredy
15.we`d
16.we`d rather
17. The office has
18. You couldn`t
19. You`ll
20.

He should have
21. He

!
22. I
?
23. I
?
24. You use the
25. Youre used to
26. You
27.
28. Thats

50
The basic techniques introduced in this chapter are picth,stress,the
staircase and musical notes, reduced sounds, and word groubs and
phrasing. In chapters 2 through 13, we refine and expand this knowledge
to cover every sound of the American accent.

Exercise 1-22 : Syllable Patterns


CD 1 Track 32
In order to practice accurate pitch change ,repeat the following column.
Each syllable will cuont as one musical note. Remember that words that
end a vowel or a voiced consonant will be longer than ones ending in an
unvoiced consonant.

1.

Syllable A

Pattern 1a la!

Get

Stop

Cat
Which

Quick

Jump
Box

Choice
Loss

Pattern 1b
bid
Dog
See
car
Plan
2.

Syllables la-la

la-a

who knows?
a cat
cassette

law

goes
choose

bead

lose

know

Bob smith

for

you

Pattern 2a a dog

Bit
Beat

my car
some more

El. @hkams Pronunciation


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51
destroy
ballet
a pen
valet
pretend
to do
your job
to day
pea soup
Tonight

Pattern 2b
wristwacth
Hot dog
doorknop
Icy
notebook
Suitcase
house key
Project
ballot
Sunset
Get one!

red tape
enclose
consume
my choice
hows work?

la-ia
phone book
textbook
bookself
sunshine
placemat
stapler
modem

valid
dog

modem

want

show
Do it!
ad

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

52

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

53

Exercise 1-22 : Syllable Patterns


continued CD

3.

1 Track 32

Syllables
C

la-la-la

Worms eat dirt.

Joe

Bobs hot dog.

Inchworm inch.

Bob

Pattern 3a
has three.
has eight.

Bobs wont know. Pets need care.

Al

Sams the boss.

Eds to late.

Glen

Susies nice.

Paul threw up.

Tom

Bill went home.

Wool can itch.

Kids

Cats dont care.

Birds sing songs.

Mom

Stocks can fall.

Spot has fleas.

Mars

School is fun.

Nicks a punk.

Ned

la-la-la
IBM
He forgot.

jumped up.
sat down.
made lunch.
should play.
said. No!
is red.
sells cars.

Pattern 3b

Make a cake.
a hot dog.

good time.
I dont know.

Take a bath.

Use

Hes the boss.

Were to late.

How

We cleaned up.

I love you.

We

your head!
are you?
came home.
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

54
In the bag.

Over here.

On

For a while.
Engineer.
I went home.

What a jerk!
Hows your job?

She

We dont care.

Howd it go?

They

Its in March.

Howd you meet?

You

percentage.
Advantage.

Ohio
His

the bus.

fell down.
called back.
goofed up.

Pattern 3cla-la-la

a hot dog.

football.
I dont know.
Theyre leaving.
Jim killed it.

Its starting.

Tommorow.
Emphetic.
a fruitcake.

Financial.
I thought so.

Dale

The engine.

On Wednesday.

You

a wineglass.
External.
Potato.

In April.

Whatever.
Dont touch it.

Lets tell him.

Lets try it.

How

are you?

planned it.
took it.
I love you.

bargain.

Pattern 3d

la-la-la
alphabet.
Phone number.
Hot dog stand.
Possible.
Think about.
I dont know.
Show me one.
Comfortable.
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School

Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

55
Anlyze.
Waiting for.
Article.
Pitiful.
Dinnertime.
Everything.
Digital.
Orchestra.
Analog.
Ignorant.
Cell structure.

Area.
Punctuate.
Emphasis.
Syllable.
Postit note.
Rolodex.

Rubbermaid.

Exercise 1-22 : Syllable Patterns


continued.

4.

CD 1 Track 32

Syllables
C

Pattern 4a

la-la-la-la
Nate
need a break.
Max wants to know.
Spots a hot dog. Ed took my car.
Als
kitchen floor.
Jim killed a snake. Jill ate a steak.
Bills
halfway there.
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

56
Joe doesnt know. Spains
really
Roses are red.
Nate
bought
a
Jakes in the lake. Violets are blue.
Al
bought
some
Sams in a bar.
Candy is sweet.

far.
book.
ice.

And so are you.

Pattern 4b

la-la-la-la

she asked for help.

I want to know.

Its a hog dog.


We took my car.
kitchen floor.
He kiled a snake. We need a break.
watching TV.
He doesnt know. Its
really
Shes haltway there.
We came back in. I love you too.
played all day.
He bought a book. They
sit
Please show me how.

the
We
far.
We
away.

Pattern 4c la-la-la-la

Boys ring doorbells. Phill


know mailmen.
Bob likes hot dog. Bill ate breakfast.
Joe
grew eggplants.
Ann eats pancakes.
Guns
are lethal. Humpty dumpty.
Cats
eat
fish
bones.
Inchworms
bug
me.
Hawks are vicious.
Bears are fuzzy.
Ragtops
cost
more.
Homework bores them.
Planet rotate.
Selesmen sell things.
Mike can hear you.

Pattern 4d

la-la-la-la

am alarm clock.

He said lightbulb.

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57

Its my hot dog. I dont need one.


What does box mean?
Imitation.
Ring the doorbell. Put
your hands up.
Analitic.
Whats the matter?
Wheres the mailman?
We like science. Introduction.
An
assembly.
My to-do list.
My
report
card.
Definition.
Pattern 4e
la-la-la-la
potato chip.
What time is it.
A hot dog stand whose
turn
is
it?
Myphone number.
Jim killed a man. We worked on it.
Lets eat something.
Analysis.
How tall are you. How old
are you?
Invisible.
Insanity.
Untouchable.
A platypus.
Ability.
A
maniac.
Pattern 4d
supervisor.
Permanently.
medicine.
Demonstrated.
meeting.
Category.

la-lal-la-la
Lighthouse keeper.
Window cleaner. Cough
Race car driver.

Bussines

January

february

(jn-y-wery)

(feby-wery)

Office supplies.

Progress report.

sister.
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

Baby-

58

Educator.
Dictionary.

Thingamajing.

INTONATION AND ATTITUDE


Intonation noverbal
Track 26)

1.Oops!

2.Yes

uh

5.Hmm...

mm

3. No
uh

huh
uh

oh

hm

(voiced

uh

6.Humph
hm

4.I dont
know
uh
uh
uh

7.I get it.8.Eurekal

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School

ah

ah

Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

hal
ah

59

A. Yes
huh
uh
D. No
uh
uh

B. Oh, I
see
huh

C. Oh,
really
huh
uh

uh
uh
E. No
way!
uh
uh!

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
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uh
F.I did
not!
uh
uh
uh

60

PERFECT
Hey Dad look at me
Think back and talk tome
Did I grow up according to plan
And do you think Im wasting
My time doing . . . . . wanna do
. . . . . . . . . . .when you disapprove
All along
And now I try hard to make it
I just wanna to you proud
Im never gonna be good enough for you
Cant pretend that Im alright
And you cant change me
Cuz we . . . . . . . nothing last forever
Im sorry I cant be perfect
Now its just to late and we cant go
. . . . . . . . . . .sorry I cant be perfect
I try not to think about the pain
I feel inside . . . . . . know

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61
You used to bemy Hero
All the days you spend with me
Now seem so far away
And it feels lke you dont careany more
And now I try hard to make . . . . . .
. . . just went to make you proud
Im never gonna be good enough for you
Cant stand another fight
And nothings alright
Nothings gonna change the things
That you said nothings gonna
Make this . . . . . . . . please
Dont turn your back I cant believe its hard
Just to talk to you . . . . . . .
Dont understand

CROSSING OUT REDUCED SOUND


Hello, my name
is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Im taking |American
accent training. Theres a lot to learn but I
El. @hkams Pronunciation
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62

hope to make it as enjoyable as possible. I


should pick upon the American intonation
pattern pretty easily, altough the only way to
get it is to prectice all of the time, I use the up
and down, peaks and valleys, intonation, more
than I used to Ive been Paying attention to
pitch, too, its like walking down the staircase.
Ive been talking to a lot of Americans lately
and they tell me that Im easier to understand.
Anyway, i could go on,but the important thing
is to listen well and sound good. Well, what do
you thing? Do it?

El. @hkams Pronunciation


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63

PREFACE
In the name of Allah the most gracius the most
merciful glorified is Allah, and all the praises be to Allah,
and o one has energy and the power except with Allahs
help, the highest.
May sholawat and salam always be with our prophet
muhammad saw who has struggled, so hard to hold the
truth.justice and fight (against) the evil and finally he is
successful because of his patience and help from allah.
By means of stationery supplies and computer.
Finally some vocabularies have been collected into a
small book that contains simple vocabularies in daily life,
and its more specific so that it facilitates the beginner
El. @hkams Pronunciation
Islamic Boarding School
Cikiray-Rangkasbitung- Lebak - Banten

64

of the scond language to memorize them and its possible


to bring everywhere we want to go.
May this book be able to help student to enrich
vocabularies and be a holder to get into the better
english speaking at islamic boarding schoel TAFRIIJUL
AHKAM CIKIRAY.
GOOD, BEST OF LUCK AND MAY ALLAH BLESS US.
AMIN..
Ramadhan,17 agustus 2010.

El. @hkams Pronunciation


Islamic Boarding School
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