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Abnormal Psych

Exam 1 Study Guide


Any of the topics listed below are fair game for the exam. Just because
you see a topic on here though does not necessarily mean it will
appear on the exam. Topics highlighted in blue are from the text (i.e., I
did not cover it in class).
Yes, I realize this is a huge list. It is intended to be an exhaustive list of
everything that was covered in these chapters. It does not mean that
every topic listed is equal in importance though. Part of your job as a
student is to learn how to identify what is a major important concept
and what is secondary. Here are some hints on determining what is
important: 1. I spent more time on that topic than other topics (or
there were several PowerPoint slides on that topic), 2. the topic
appears in great detail in the book and in my lecture, 3. the book
spends more than just a paragraph on the topic.
Chapter 1: Abnormal Psychology: An Overview
What are some issues with defining disorder or abnormal
behavior?
What is the DSM definition of disorder?
DSM-5
What is it?
What is its aim?
What are the 4 areas of evaluating clients?
What are some major problems with DSM-5?
What role does culture play in determining abnormality?
What are culture-specific disorders?
What is epidemiology?
What is prevalence? (Make sure you can identify the different types of
prevalence.)
What is incidence?
What is comorbidity?
Research Methods:
What is a case study?
What is involved in observational methods?
What is a self-report method?
What is a psychology experiment?
o What are independent and dependent variables?
o What is a control condition?
o What is random assignment?
o What is the placebo effect?

o What are internal and external validity?


What are correlations?
o What is the difference between a positive and negative
correlation?
What are statistical significance and effect sizes?
What is a meta-analysis?
What are retrospective and prospective research strategies?
What is an ABAB design?

Chapter 2: Historical and Contemporary Views of Abnormal Behavior


Know the general history of the pendulum of treatment for mental
disorders(humane---inhumane)
What was the perspective of mental disorder in Ancient Greece?
Who was Hippocrates? What was his perspective on mental
disorder?
What was the perspective of mental disorder in Ancient China?
Who was Chung Ching? What was his perspective on mental
disorder?
What was the perspective of mental disorders in the Middle East during
the Middle Ages?
Who was Avicenna? What was his perspective on mental
disorders?
What was the perspective of mental disorders in Europe during the
Middle Ages?
What is exorcism?
What is mass madness?
What are asylums?
What was the Bedlam hospital?
Who was Philippe Pinel?
How did he usher in humanitarian reform for mental
disorders?
What was the Mental Hygiene Movement?
Who was Dorothea Dix? What was her perspective on mental
disorders?
What is a prefrontal lobotomy?
What is deinstitutionalization?
What is the perspective of psychoanalysis on mental disorder?
What is catharsis?
What is the unconscious mind?
What is the perspective of behaviorists on mental disorder?
What is the difference between classical and operant
conditioning?

Chapter 3: Causal Factors and Viewpoints


What is etiology?
What is the difference between risk and vulnerability factors?
What are protective factors?
How they operate to produce positive development?
What is resilience?
What is the diathesis-stress model of mental disorders?
What is equifinality and multifinality?
What is continuity and discontinuity (in terms of mental disorders)?
What is homotypic and heterotypic continuity?
What is developmental psychopathology?
What is the biopsychosocial viewpoint of mental disorder?
Biological Causal Factors
What is the general perspective on disorder?
Neurotransmitters as cause of disorder
o How neurotransmitters work?
o How they are perceived to cause disorder?
Hormones as cause of disorder
o How they work?
o How they are perceived to cause disorder?
Genetics
o What is the difference between genotype and
phenotype?
o What is reciprocal determinism?
o What is polygenic?
o What is behavioral genetics? (Twin vs. adoption studies)
What is temperament?
o How is it perceived to influence disorder?
What is brain dysfunction and neural plasticity?
o How are they perceived to influence disorders?
Psychological Causes of Disorder: Main Theories
Psychodynamic Perspective
o What is the unconscious mind?
o What is psychoanalysis?
o What is the psychodynamic model of mental disorder?
o What are the id, ego, superego?
o What are defense mechanisms?
o What are the psychosexual stages?
o What is the Oedipus complex?
Neo-Freudians
o What is ego psychology?

o What is object relations?


Behaviorists
o Why do behaviorists use the term maladaptive
behavior rather than abnormal behavior?
o How are behavior deficits and excesses used to define
disorder (according to behaviorists)?
o What is the difference between classical and operant
conditioning?
o What is generalization and discrimination?
Cognitive Behaviorists
o What is reciprocal determinism?
o What is self-efficacy?
o What is a schema?
Humanists
o What is self-actualization?
Existentialists
o How are choice, meaning of life, and death viewed for
existentialists (in terms of mental disorder)?
Psychological Causes of Disorders: Risk Factors
Childhood Causes
o How can institutionalization affect psychopathology?
o How can abuse affect psychopathology?
o How can parents with psychopathology affect child
psychopathology?
o What are the 4 parenting styles?
How can they affect on psychopathology?
o What are the 4 models for how interparental conflict
leads to psychopathology?
o How can divorce affect psychopathology? (both in the
short- and long-term)
o How can peer victimization affect psychopathology?
Sociocultural Causes of Disorder
What is the difference between SES, race, and Ethnicity?
How is poverty linked with psychopathology?
Specific issues for minority groups:
o How are racial socialization and prejudice addressed in
African American families?
o How is acculturation addressed in immigrant families?
o What is cultural brokering?
How is culture involved with over- and under-controlled
behavior?
Chapter 4: Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis

What is psychological assessment?


What is a clinical diagnosis?
What is a presenting problem?
What is the cultural deficit model?
What issues need to be addressed when dealing with rapport between
assessor and client?
Forms of Physical Assessment (How are each assessed):
General Physical Health
Neurological Exam (know which ones measure structure and
which ones measure function; also know the basic idea of how
each work)
o CT Scan
o MRI
o EEG
o PET
o fMRI
Neuropsychological exams
o What is the most famous neuropsychological test
battery?
Psychological Assessment
Cognitive Tests
o WAIS, Stanford-Binet
Psychological Tests
o What are reliability and validity?
o What is standardization?
o What is the normal curve?
o What is the MMPI-2?
What are some of the scales of the MMPI-2?
How was this test created?
Interviews
o What is the difference between unstructured/open,
semi-structured, and structured?
Behavioral Assessment
Projective Tests
o What is the TAT?
o What is the Rorschach test?
o What are projective drawings?
What are some concerns with assessment?
What are symptoms and signs of disorder?
What are some issues with labeling clients with disorders?
What are the dimensional and prototypal models of classification?
Chapter 16: Therapy

What is the difference between psychological and biomedical


therapies?
What is eclecticism?
Psychoanalysis
What techniques do they use?
What is resistance?
What is transference?
What is countertransference?
What are some shortcomings of this perspective?
Humanistic Therapies
What is client-centered therapy?
What are the 3 necessary conditions for successful therapy?
How are goals involved in therapy?
What is active listening?
Behavior therapies
What is counterconditioning?
What is exposure therapy?
What is systematic desensitization?
What is flooding?
What is aversive conditioning?
What is modeling?
What is a token economy?
What is response shaping?
Cognitive therapies
What methods do they use in therapy?
What is CBT?
What is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy?
What is Gestalt therapy?
What is couple therapy?
What is family therapy?
Qualities of effective therapy
What are the qualities of an effective therapist?
What are the qualities of a client that is likely to succeed in
therapy?
Why is therapy often effective?
What is a randomized controlled trial?
Psychopharmocology (know the general ways each drug works, no
need to memorize names of drugs beyond the categories listed below):
Antipsychotic drugs
Antianxiety drugs
Antidepressants drugs

Mood stabilizers (Lithium Carbonate- this drug name I would


expect you to know! And what it treats))
What are some cautions and concerns with drug treatment?
What is electroconvulsive therapy?
What is psychosurgery?
What is a prefrontal lobotomy?