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NP5 Nursing Board Exam December 2006 Answer Key 'Nursing Care of Client

with Physiological and Psychosocial Alteration'

100 Nursing Board Exam test questions of December 2006 Nurse Licensure Examination (NLE)
Nursing Practice V Nursing Care of Client with Physiological and Psychosocial Alteration
Medical and Surgical Nursing / Psychology
PART 1 Board Exam test questions 1 - 50
DIRECTION: Choose the letter of the BEST answer by shading the corresponding letter of your choice on
the answer sheet provided. STRICTLY NO ERASURE!
Situation 1: The nurse is envisioning a career path in mental health psychiatric nursing. As
a beginning professional nurse, she is guided with basic beliefs about the practice.
1. Which of the following statement reflects the scope of mental health psychiatric nursing?
A. it includes nursing actions aimed at returning the patient to his highest potential of
B. it is an integral aspect of all nursing and a specialty service to all people
affected by mental illness.
C. it includes nursing actions to reduce the rate of new cases of mental disorder in
D. it consist of early recognition and treatment of mental disorders to reduce severity and
duration of
mental illness
2. The beginning professional nurse can do mental health counseling with the following
clients, EXCEPT:
A. actively psychotic patients
C. parents with child rearing
B. out of school adolescents
D. school children with behavioral

3. A professional responsibility of the mental health psychiatric nurse is to provide a safe

and therapeutic environment. This is BEST reflected in:
A. restraining patients who violates policies and do not follow schedule of activities.
B. maintaining a closed door policy to prevent patients from absconding.
C. keeping a restrictive environment to prevent patients from becoming assaultive and
D. ensuring physical safety and maintaining therapeutic attitude towards the
4. The foundation of the therapeutic process is the therapeutic relationship. What is the
essential component that the nurse must bring to the relationship?
A. humor
C. reframing
B. empathy
D. confrontation
5. Which of these people, the highest in population groups that would need priority mental
health therapy?

A. adults going through active skills

the workplace
B. single elderly with no social support

C. young professionals entering

D. women preparing for overseas

Situation 2: Some activity therapies are organized and conducted in groups where nurses
may participate in.
6. A mental health nurse may not be a member of this self help group because help given to
members comes from members themselves:
A. Remotivation Group
C. Activity Therapy Group
B. Alcoholics Anonymous
D. Art Therapy Group
7. Which of the following determines the success of client government groups?
A. willingness of psychiatric professionals to be open and receptive to clients
ideas and suggestions
B. a way of permitting clients provide themselves with a more creative and wholesome
C. means to acquire a variety of social skills
D. opportunity to learn democratic living
8. Which of this client situation appropriately illustrate horticulture therapy?
A. the therapist brings bongos, tambourine, and bells and encourages client participation
B. Tommy, Karen, Jon and Pia play scrabble every night after supper
C. every afternoon, Vic goes in the garden where he work with plants,
seedlings, tree planting
And watering them
D. Paul finds sketching relaxing and rewarding
9. Eva is a member of a group who controls endless talking. Her role is that of a/an:
A. blocker
C. recognition seeker
B. self-confessor
D. monopolizer
10. Community meetings are held as a part of milieu therapy on an in-patient psychiatric
unit. The purpose of these meetings would be:
A. to focus on issue arising from group living
B. to encourage expression on topics of interest
C. to provide direction from the treatment plan
D. to encourage expression of intrapsychic conflicts
Situation 3: The patient who is depressed will undergo electroconvulsive therapy.
11. Studies on biological depression support electroconvulsive therapy as a mode of
treatment. The rationale is:
A. ECT produces massive brain damage which destroys the specific area containing
memories related to
the events surrounding the development of psychotic condition
B. The treatment serves as a symbolic punishment for the client who feels guilty and
C. ECT relieves depression psychologically by increasing the norepinephrine
D. ECT is seen as a life-threatening experience and depressed patients mobilize all their
bodily defenses
to deal with this attack.

12. The preparation of a patient for ECT ideally is MOST similar to preparation for a patient
A. electroencephalogram
C. general anesthesia
B. X-ray
D. electrocardiogram
13. Which of the following is a possible side effect which you will discuss with the patient?
A. hemorrhage within the brain
C. encephalitis
B. robot-like body stiffness
D. confusion, disorientation and
short term
memory loss
14. Informed consent is necessary for the treatment for involuntary clients. When this
cannot be obtained, permission may be taken from the:
A. social worker
C. next of kin or guardian
B. doctor
D. chief nurse
15. After ECT, the nurse should do this action before giving the client fluids, food or
A. assess the gag reflex
C. next of kin or guardian
B. assess the sensorium
D. check O2 Sat with a pulse

Situation 4: The community health nurse encounters special children in the community.
16. An individual with antisocial personality disorder lacks remorse, shame and guilt in going
against the norms of society. Psychodynamically, this defect in the personality reflects a
disturbance of the:
A. ego
C. ego ideal
B. super ego
D. id
17. The nurse teaches parents about childrens beginning concepts of right and wrong by
emphasizing child rearing attitude and practices during the:
A. school age
C. infancy period
B. toddler age
D. latency period
18. It is BEST for parents to teach healthy interpersonal relationships to their children by:
A. modeling to their children
B. encouraging their children to attend secondary school
C. encouraging their children at home to behave properly
D. teaching their children good manners and right conduct
19. An important principle for the nurse to follow in interacting with retarded children is:
A. seen that if the child appears contented, his needs are being met
B. provide an environment appropriate to their development task as scheduled
C. treat the child according to his chronological age
D. treat the child according to his developmental level

20. Mental retardation is:

A. a delay in normal growth and development caused by an inadequate environment
B. a lack of development of sensory abilities

C. a condition of subaverage intellectual functioning that originates during the

period and is associated with impairment in adaptive behavior
D. a severe lag in neuromuscular development and motor abilities
Situation 5: The nurse recognizes the need to learn to cope with stress and change. She
becomes interested to practice natural ways to enhance well being.
21. Lifestyle modification begins with:
A. minimizing eating in fast food restaurants
B. having an exercise regimen to follow regularly
C. recognizing the impact of unhealthy habits
D. avoiding pollutants in the environment
22. All of these are the behavior intervention to stress management. EXCEPT:
A. guided imagery
C. meditation
B. pharmacotherapy
D. progressive muscle relaxation
23. Basic to progressive muscle relaxation is:
A. focusing on an image to relax
B. relaxing muscles from tension

C. use of industrial equipment

D. stopping disturbing thoughts

24. Dietary practices are very important to the health of the Filipino family. The nurse needs
to assess this
lifestyle because:
A. the nurse wants to change the eating patterns of the Filipino family
B. the nurse knows that being overweight is a major health hazard
C. the nurse wants to stop all the mainstream weight-loss diets
D. the nurse has to find out what people are eating
25. A young overweight adult smokes 5-10 sticks of cigarettes/day, ambitious, looks at life
as challenging and perfect and never considers change in his lifestyle, initially needs:
A. commitment
C. skills to attempt change
B. information
D. motivation
Situation 6: Bernie and John in their late 40s have been married for 20 years and at the
peak of their careers. Suddenly, Bernie discovered that her husband was falling in love with
another woman. Shaken by this situation, she started to have problems sleeping and could
not function well at work and at the risk of losing her job. John asked forgiveness and regret
very much the hurt his wife was going through and suffered guilt feelings:
26. Bernie and John are going through a:
A. situational crisis
B. developmental crisis
situational crisis

C. anticipated crisis
D. both developmental and

27. All of these are characteristics of crisis EXCEPT:

A. a hazardous or threatening event occurs
B. it has a growth promoting potential
C. usual problem solving methods and coping mechanisms produce a solution
D. anxiety or depression continue to increase
28. The nurse employs this approach in crisis intervention:

A. problem-solving
B. behavior modification

C. role-playing
D. nurse-patient relationship

29. Assessment data of the nurse include all the following EXCEPT:
A. coping mechanisms
C. perception of the event
B. situational support
D. repressed problems
30. The duration of crisis usually lasts several days and usually:
A. 2 4 weeks
C. 1 2 months
B. 1 2 weeks
D. 4 6 weeks
Situation 7: Felisa has a ritualistic pattern of constantly washing her hands with soap and
water followed by rubbing alcohol.
31. This behavior is categorized as:
A. delusional
B. normal

C. neurotic
D. psychotic

32. A therapeutic intervention in this situation is:

A. avoid limits on her behavior to release her anxiety
B. call attention to her ritualistic pattern
C. provide alternative behaviors to deal with increased anxiety
D. ignore her behavior totally
33. The anxiety of Felisa is disabling and interferes with her job performance, interpersonal
relationships and other activities of daily living. To minimize such problems, she is likely to
be given:
A. diazepam ( Valium )
C. imipramine Hcl ( Tofranil )
B. haloperidol ( Haldol )
D. chlorpromazine ( Thorazine )
34. Felisa understands the effects of her medicine when expresses:
A. I should watch out for signs of sore lips or sore throat
B. I might have constipation
C. I might feel changes in my body temperature
D. I should not drive or operate machines
35. The level of anxiety that Felisa is experiencing is:
A. Panic
C. Mild
B. Severe
D. Moderate
Situation 8:As a professional, it is imperative that the nurse is accountable to oneself
hence the importance of personal and professional development.
36. Nurse: I feel personally involved with my clients problems demonstrates:
A. counter transference
C. transference
B. empathy
D. sympathy
37. The nurse has achieved self-awareness in which of the following verbalizations?
A. every time people around me yell, I feel upset and withdrawn
B. when the patient yelled at me I became speechless
C. with the patients tone of voice and stare, I got reminded of how my father
would be so angry and this made me anxious
D. I thought it was rude for the patient to yell hence I kept quiet

38. An accepting attitude requires being:

A. aware of ones biases
B. tolerant of the faults of others

C. non judgmental
D. in control of tendency to blame

39. Self-awareness, knowledge and understanding of human behavior and communication

skills define what is essential in caring for every nurse to be able to demonstrate:
A. positive self-projection
C. therapeutic use of self
B. assertiveness
D. self-mastery
40. Considering that man is by nature social, it is BEST for the nurse to gain self-awareness
A. participating in intensive group experiences
B. individual psychotherapy
C. hypnotherapy
D. writing an autobiography for self introspection
Situation 9: Recording and the nurse.
41. To facilitate identification of persons and relationships, the family nurse utilizes this
diagrammatic representation of members of a family and their relationships:
A. flowchart
C. algorithm
B. genogram
D. kardex
42. A problem oriented recording system that utilizes the problem solving process as the
basis of patient care management:
A. NANDA Diagnosis
C. Gordons Functional Health
B. Nursing Care Plan
D. Problem Oriented Medical
43. This is a SOAP recording of the patients problem of Nervousness. Which is the
subjective data?
A. Mr. Z was nervous during the interview, he moved frequently in the bed and his palms
were sweaty.
B. Mr. Z does not seem to tolerate stress too well which will aggravate his cardiac
condition. He understands
Little about his health which may be increasing his state of anxiety.
C. I am nervous at times. Exerts himself physically and is hesitant to discuss
D. Mr. Z should:
1. demonstrate an ability to cope with nervousness
2. demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between his nervousness and
cardiac condition
44. The nurse researcher mutually agreed with the research subjects that all personal data
of the subjects shall be kept confidential. To safeguard anonymity of data after the report is
written, the nurse researcher should:
A. throw the papers in a wastebasket
B. keep the papers for 5 years and dispose of these after
C. burnt or shred the papers
D. have the papers recycle but not as writing scratch paper

45. A step by step procedure for the management of common problems is a :

A. Gavin chart
C. decision tree protocol
B. pedigree chart
D. problem listing
Situation 10:The nurse works with Mina to help her work through termination of the nursepatient relationship.
46. Preparation for termination of the nurse-patient relationship begins during the:
A. termination phase
C. pre-orientation phase
B. working phase
D. orientation phase
47. Minas past reactions to ending relationships is withdrawal. The nurse assists her to
practice better ways of coping termination by providing opportunities to:
A. test new patterns of behavior
C. conceptualize her problem
B. plan for alternatives
D. value and find meaning in
48. During the early part of the interaction, the nurse asked after a period of silence.
Perhaps we would talk about my leaving. The nurse utilized which communication
A. encouraging
C. focusing on client
B. suggesting
D. understanding
49. Mina: (angrily) I am angry, I should never have gotten involved with you (silence)
Nurse: You have reason to be disappointed and to feel angry. Just when we were getting
I leave you.
A. reflecting words
C. orienting
B. understanding
D. reflecting feelings
50. The objection of the nurse-patient relationship is to provide an opportunity of the patient
A. clarify problems
C. have a corrective emotional
B. develop insights
D. develop interpersonal relationship

NP5 Nursing Board Exam December 2006 Answer Key 'Nursing Care of Client
with Physiological and Psychosocial Alteration'
100 Nursing Board Exam test questions of December 2006 Nurse Licensure Examination (NLE)
Nursing Practice V Nursing Care of Client with Physiological and Psychosocial Alteration
Medical and Surgical Nursing / Psychology
PART 2 Board Exam test questions 51 - 100
Situation 11: As a program manager, the mental health psychiatric nurse is tasked to
provide general patient management.
51. The nurse is aware that identifying the aspects of general patient management and
identifying interventions for meeting these basic needs are distinctions of:
A. psychotherapy
C. pharmacotherapy

B. therapeutic milieu

D. behavior therapy

52. In order to get active participation of the clients to carry out the objective of the
program, it is BEST for the nurse to conduct a/an:
A. community meeting
C. observation
B. survey
D. selective interview of patients
53. Through the nurses role modeling of effective communication, the clients learned new
ways of dealing with authority figures. This gives the clients a venue to:
A. communicate
C. identify their problems
B. socialize
D. test new patterns of behavior
54. This element of communication facilitates evaluation of the program:
A. receiver
C. sender
B. message
D. feedback
55. The nurses style of leadership in milieu therapy is:
A. autocratic
C. democratic
B. laissez-faire
D. benevolent

Situation 12: Loretta is a 28 years old, unemployed patient, admitted to the psychiatric
unit with a diagnosis of chronic undifferentiated schizophrenia. She described herself as the
Virgin Mary and her mission is to propagate peace. She was observed laughing and talking
to herself. Her thought processes were profoundly disorganized. She was also fearful and
suspicious of others.
56. Lorettas claim of being the Virgin Mary is a/an:
A. imagination
C. hallucination
B. delusion
D. obsession
57. Her mission to propagate peace is:
A. a serious call for a need of transformation
B. an attempt to overcome low self-esteem
participate in

C. realistic and laudable

D. an advocacy that she can

58. Which of this intervention would NOT be therapeutic in decreasing Lorettas anxiety?
A. joke about her thought to help her feel at ease
B. listen to her thoughts and feelings
C. simply accept
D. do not convince her that her perception is unreal
59. The nurse evaluates that Lorettas ready for a rehabilitation program when she:
A. approaches the nurse at frequent intervals C. goes to the coffee shop alone more
B. ceases to talk about Virgin Mary
D. carries a book The
Purpose Driven Life
60. The nurse is leading a group meeting of patients to prepare them to be discharged. An
appropriate goal for the group members is to develop:
A. attitudes of society towards the mentally ill
B. skills for maintaining daily living
C. awareness of interpersonal patterns of interactions

D. insight into personal problems

Situation 13: A group of adult chronic schizophrenic patients were recommended to
undergo social skills training.
61. The following are the objectives of a social skills training program EXCEPT:
A. explore deep seated intrapsychic conflicts
C. help build self esteem and self
B. practice skills in relating with people
D. develop and practice general
coping skills
62. Social skills training is NOT primarily indicated for psychiatric patients who are:
A. in acute stage of illness
B. having difficulties starting and maintaining interpersonal relationships
C. having chronic episodes of stress and anxiety while interacting with others
D. experiencing recurrence of symptoms in front of particular people or among people in
63. The focus of the group interaction is here and now. An appropriate topic would be:
A. ways to celebrate Valentines Day in February
B. how to spend the summer vacation
C. an unforgettable experience as a child
D. how to tell a joke
64. An appropriate technique for the participants to practice how to communicate effectively
is through/a:
A. lecture
C. role play
B. seminar
D. psychodrama
65. Considering that it is BEST to learn by example, it is MOST practical to:
A. model good social skills throughout the session
B. relate successful past experiences
C. invite a resource person
D. watch a movie
Situation 14: Community health nurses integrate their knowledge of mental health with
their clients in their practice when they do mental health counseling.
66. Who among these clients need immediate referral for psychotherapy?
A. those who are plotting to commit suicide
B. those who are not responding to usual motivators
C. those who are not solving their problems which they have the resources to solve
D. those who are engaging in self-defeating behaviors
67. All of these describe what counseling, EXCEPT:
A. helping people manage their own problems
B. assisting people to use their own resources
C. a set of technique, skills and attitudes
D. giving advices
68. This quality of the nurse allows connecting with others feelings:
A. warmth
C. sensitivity
B. courage
D. prudence

69. To refuse gossip is a reflection of the mental health nurses quality of:
A. firmness
C. judgment
B. coolness
D. trustworthiness
70. Which of the following concepts BEST describe the nurses interaction when she/he can
recognize and identify feelings and emotions of another person without even having
personally experienced those feelings and emotions?
A. over involvement
C. transference
B. sympathy
D. empathy
Situation 15: Communicating effectively with dementia patients is a challenge to
psychiatric nurses.
71. Therapeutic ways to engage the elderly to be stimulated include all of the following
A. singing to or with the patients
C. providing a picture album
B. listening to old familiar music
D. playing complex computer
72. The LEAST area of satisfying communication with the elderly is on:
A. recall of their courtship and love life
C. fashion shown in personal
B. psychological trauma
D. memories of their teenage parties
73. To maximize communication with the elderly, which of the following ways of verbal
communication should the nurse use minimally?
A. asking simple questions
C. restating
B. guiding the patient one step at a time
D. asking for an open ended
74. Unconditional positive regard for the elderly is BEST achieved when the nurse-patient
relationship is based upon:
A. vocational choices
C. addressing economic problems
B. keeping
D. providing warmth and caring
75. An optimal supportive environment for a person with dementia includes all, EXCEPT:
A. engaging the elderly in logical and abstract thinking
B. developing a realistic uniformed and consistent daily schedule
C. handling memory loss by distracting or diverting patients attention to something
more positive
D. simple nurse care for the patient day after day
Situation 16: Harry, age 36 is admitted to the psychiatry unit in an acute manic episode of
bipolar disorder.
76. Harrys condition is a disturbance of:
A. sensorium
B. cognition

C. the CNS
D. affect

77. In the ward, Harry manifests excess energy and is difficult for him to sit still. The MOST
useful activity for him would be:

A. delivering supply of linen to other rooms

B. engaging in activity therapy and group exercises

C. conducting a drama
D. painting a mural with other

78. Harrys disruptive behavior on the unit has been increasingly annoying other clients.
Which of the following would the nurse do?
A. set limits on his behavior and be consistent in approach
B. make a rigid structured plan that he will have to follow
C. ignore his behavior
D. tell him that he is annoying other clients and isolate him in his room
79. Harry approaches you and says I have awarded Top Salesman of the Year. My boss will
come and celebarate with me. You know for a fact that this is NOT true. Harry is
demonstrating a delusion of:
A. achievement
C. influence
B. reference
D. grandeur
80. The defense mechanism utilized by manic patients to cover up depression is:
A. displacement
C. compensation
B. denial
D. reaction formation
Situation 17: The nurse observed that Marie, age 28 years old had not been participating in
activity therapies.
81. Which of the following remarks from the nursing attendants indicates a need for further
teaching and observation?
A. Marie made no response to an invitation to play
B. Marie preferred to sit at the bench and watch the ballgame
C. Marie is aloof and indifferent to co-patients
D. Marie read a book while other patients played a ballgame
82. Marie said I dont like to be a part of it. Look, they are being laughed at because they
are singing and acting like children. The nurse notes that in order for the activity therapy to
be therapeutic:
A. the staff should decide solely what activities to be done and what rules apply
B. patients should be allowed solely to decide what they want to do on their own
C. ballgames should be limited to male patients only
D. age and needs of patient should be considered in the choice of games
83. To encourage active participation among patients, it is BEST to plan activities they can
engage in through a:
A. one to one interaction
C. checklist
B. community meeting
D. feedback evaluation forum
84. In planning activities for the patients, it is essential to consider FOREMOST:
A. safety and security
C. novelty and creativity
B. variety and fun
D. excitement and challenge
85. Adults, singing and acting like children is a form of:
A. displacement
C. sublimation
B. regression
D. compensation

Situation 18: A research was conducted on. The effects of the nurse expressive role in
the reduction of anxiety in patients who will undergo nasogastric tube insertion.
86. The research is experimental which means that utilized:
A. an interview scheduled
C. a questionnaire
B. a survey
D. control and experimental
87. The independent variable is:
A. patients
B. expressive role

C. reduction of anxiety
D. nasogastric insertion

88. The dependent variable is:

A. nasogastric ingestion
B. patients

C. expressive role
D. reduction of anxiety

89. This study was done to check the procedures of the research:
A. protest study
C. pilot study
B. proposal
D. test-retest
90. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of experimental research?
A. value plays a significant part in research
B. research ideas are capable of being tested
C. results of tests made on the groups are compared
D. research subjects are randomly selected and placed into groups for the purpose of
Situation 19: The client is walking to and fro along the hospital corridor and swinging her
hands. She thinks she is going crazy. She is having palpitations, rapid pulse and
91. Your nursing intervention should be to:
A. encourage her to participate in an ongoing activity in the ward
B. stay with her in a calm environment
C. tell her to stop thinking that she is going crazy
D. isolate the client in a quiet room
92. Which of the following is a behavioral manifestation of anxiety?
A. hyperventilation
C. panic
B. tachycardia
D. rapid pulse

93. Which of the following statements about anxiety is NOT true?

A. anxiety is contagious
B. repressed unresolved conflicts create anxiety
C. anxiety at any level is destructive, hence a threat to a persons well being
D. reactions to a perceived threat maybe real or imaginary
94. There is increased tension and reduced ability to perceive and communicate, hence
selective attention in this level of anxiety:
A. moderate
C. panic
B. severe
D. mild

95. This medication is indicated for anxious patients:

A. Tofranil (Imipramine HCL)
C. Valium (Diazepam)
B. Haldol (Haloperidol)
D. Thorazine (Chlorpromazine)
Situation 20: Andy, 30 years old, was admitted to the Psychiatric Ward because of religious
preoccupation, deterioration in self-care and disturbed thoughts. He believes that he has
committed a lot of sins. He is threatened by people reaching out to him. His fasting for
several days was not sufficient for him to feel forgiven.
96. Andy is demonstrating:
A. religious delusion
B. delusion of grandeur
97. A delusion is:
A. psychomotor disturbance
B. mood disturbance

C. somatic delusion
D. delusion of being controlled

C. disturbance of thought
D. disturbance of perception

98. The nursing goal for Andy is to:

A. have him see a priest for confession
B. encourage him to pray to atone for his sins
C. help him develop a positive self image
D. socialize him with a group to keep him in touch with reality
99. As Andy talks about his sins that he believes make people look down upon him. It is
BEST to:
A. agree with him and sympathize how sinful he has really been
B. explore the nature of his sins
C. explain that he is depreciating himself too much
D. acknowledge how he feels and focus on reality oriented topics
100. The psychosocial task that Andy needs to work on is a sense of:
A. identity
C. autonomy
B. trust
D. intimacy