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BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation

1.The bandwidth in _____


depends on the number of
significant sidebands.
a) FCM
b) QAM
c) Delta Modulation
d) Frequency Modulation
2.What is the ratio of
maximum deviation allowed
to the modulating frequency
being used called?
a) Percent Modulation
b) Modulation Index
c) Modulation Sideband
d) Deviation ratio
3.(Nov
1997)
In
the
designation of bandwidth and
emission, what letter in the
symbol represents a doublesideband of modulation? a) C
b) A
c) B
d) H
4.What is the main function of
a balanced modulator?
a)
Produce
balanced
modulation of a carrier wave
b) Limit noise picked by a
receiver
c) Produce 100% modulation
d) Suppress carrier signal
in order to create a SSB or
DSB
5.What
is
the
major
advantage of FM over AM?
a) Less noise
b) Simple circuits
c) No interference
d) High frequency
6.A method of generating
SSB signal; that utilizes only
one
balanced
modulator
circuit.
a) Phase-Shift method
b) Weaver method
c) Third method
d) Filter method

7.A carrier wave is amplitude


modulated by two sine waves
of different frequencies with
modulation indices of 0.3 and
0.4. What is the overall
modulation index?
a) 0.1
b) 0.5
c) 0.2
d) 0.7
8.For
_____
percent
modulation in AM, the
modulation envelope has a
peak value double the
unmodulated carrier level.
a) 66.67
b) 50
c) 100
d) 83.3
9.In AM, maximum desirable
output of a transmitter is
obtained when its modulation
is _____%.
a) less than 100
b) 100
c) 50
d) greater than 100
10.What
pattern
of
modulation must used when
neutralizing an operating
transmitter?
a) 50%
b) 10 %
c) 80%
d) 100% or over
11.The PM signal produces
by an FM circuit is called
a) Direct PM
b) Indirect FM
c) Direct FM
d) Indirect PM

a) The ratio of the audio


modulating frequency to the
center carrier frequency
b) The ratio of the
maximum carrier frequency
deviation to the highest
audio
modulation
frequency
c) The ratio of the highest
audio modulating frequency
to
the
average
audio
modulating frequency
d) The ratio of the carrier
center frequency to the audio
modulating frequency
13.What is an application for
vestigial
sideband
transmission?
a) TV Broadcast
b) Telephony
c) AM Broadcast
d) FDM
14.The modulation index of
an AM wave is changes from
0 to 1. The transmitter power
is?
a) Increased by 50%
b) Doubled
c) Unchanged
d) Halved
15.What is the carrier power
transmitted on a 75-
antenna if mf=2 and Vc
(unmodulated) is 2 kVpk?
a) 1.29 kW
b) 12.9 kW
c) 9 kW
d) 10 kW
16.A SSB transmitter drives
121 V peak into a 50-
antenna. What is the PEP?
a) 292 W
b) 121 W
c) 73 W
d) 146W

12.(Nov 1998) What is meant


by the term deviation ratio?
Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


17.A 1500-kHz carrier and 2
kHz intelligence signal are
combined
in
anon-liner
device. What component is
present at the output?
a) 1492 kHz
b) 1502 kHz
c) all of the above
d) 1500 kHz
18.(Mar 1996) What is the
difference between phase
and frequency modulation?
a) Os too great to make two
systems compatible
b) Is purely theoretical
because they are the same in
practice
c) Lies in poorer audio
response
of
phase
modulation
d) Lies in the different
definitions of the modulation
index
19.The modulated carrier
power in FM
a) Decreases with modulating
signal power
b) All of the above
c) Increases with modulating
signal power
d)
Is
independent
of
modulating signal power
20.(Apr 1998) How does a
SSB transmitter output power
normally expressed?
a) Peak power
b) Average power
c) In term of peak-to-peak
power
d) In term of peak envelope
power
21.(Nov 1998) In radio
regulation. The first symbol in
the designation of radio
emission is _____.
a) Type of modulation of
the main carrier
b) Bandwidth
c) Type of information to be
transmitted
d) Nature of signal(s)

22.A 2-kW RF carrier is


sinusoidally modulated 100%
. Haw much power is in one
sideband?
a) 500 W
b) 125 W
c) 2000 W
d) 250 W
23.In what classes are SSB
linear amplifiers operated?
a) C or D
b) D
c) B or C
d) A or AB
24.What produces splatter in
an AM transmission?
a) overmodulation
b) Clipping
c) Flickering
d) Harmonics
25.An indirect method of
generating FM is
a) Varactor diode modulator
b)
Reactance
transistor
modulator
c) Armstrong modulator
d) Reactance tube modulator
26.What is the power saving
when
the
carrier
is
suppressed in a regular AM
signal modulated to an index
of 100%?
a) 66.7 %
b) 16.7%
c) 33.3%
d) 100%
27.What is the result of
overmodulation of an FM
emission?
a) Higher power
b) Excessive bandwidth
distortion
c) distortion
d) Lower frequency

28.Which of the following is


not an advantage of FM over
AM?
a) Less modulating power is
required
b) The transmitted power is
mote useful
c) Lower bandwidth is
required
d) Better noise immunity is
provided
29.What type of device can
be
used
in
balanced
modulators?
a) AF, IF
b) RF, IF
c) AF, RF
d) AF, PF
30.An AM signal displayed on
an oscilloscope has
a
maximum span of 5 V and a
minimum of 1 V. What is the
modulation index? a) 67%
b) 120%
c) 20%
d) 80%
31.(Nov 1997) Operating
method
in
which
the
transmission
is
made
alternately in each direction
of
a
telecommunication
channel.
a) Simplex operation
b) Semi-duplex operation
c) Duplex operation
d) Half duplex operation
32.What is the main problem
in receiving a suppressed
carrier transmission or a
single
sideband
transmission?
a) The gain of the amplifier
must be high
b) The selectivity of the
receiver must be good.
c) There must be three
detectors.
d) The receiver needs to
reinsert the missing carrier.

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


33.(Mar
1996)
If
the
percentage of modulation of
an AM amplifier is 88% and
the modulation signal is 1
volt, the carrier has an
amplitude of _____.
a) 0.88 volt
b) 1.88 volts
c) 1.14 volts
d) 0.12 volt
34.In
SSB
transmission,
which sideband can be
eliminated?
a) Lower only
b) Either
c) Upper only
d) Depends upon the use
35.(Apr 1998) A form of
single sideband emission
where the degree of carrier
suppression enables the
carrier to be reconstituted
and
be
used
for
demodulation.
a) Reduced carrier single
sideband emission
b) Double sideband emission
c)
Half
carrier
single
sideband emission
d) Full carrier single sideband
emission
36.(Nov 1996) What is the
type of emission used by the
standard
AM
radio
broadcast?
a) D
b) F
c) C
d) A
37.(Apr 1998) If a transmitter
supplies 8 kW to the antenna
when it is unmodulated,
determine the total radiated
power when modulated at
30%. a) 5 kW
b) 15 kW
c) 8.36 kW
d) 20 kW

38.(Nov 1997) Modulation in


which the modulated wave is
always present.
a) Log-periodic modulation
b) Continues modulation
c) Carrier modulation
d) Front-end
39.The power in FM _____
as the modulation index
increases. a) Increases
b) Fluctuates
c) Remain constant
d) Decreases
40.(Apr 1997) Modulation
means a) varying of some
parameters of a carrier
such as its amplitude to
transmit information
b) transmit pulse in DC form
on a copper wire
c) utilization of a single
transmission channels to
carry multiple signals
d) varying of information
41.(Nov 1998) Refers to the
first symbol in an emission
designation with an amplitude
modulated
main
carrier
represented by letter A.
a) Double sideband full
carrier
b) Independent sideband
c) Double sideband
d)
Single
sideband
suppressed carrier
42.A system uses a deviation
of 100 kHz and a modulating
frequency of 15 kHz. What is
the approximate bandwidth?
a) 215 kHz
b) 230 kHz
c) 115 kHz
d) 200 kHz

43.The rms antenna current


for
an
AM
transmitter
increases by 15% over the
unmodulated value when
sinusoidal
modulation
is
applied. Find the depth of
modulation.
a) 0.6
b) 0.75
c) 0.8
d) .05
44.(Mar 1996) What is the
primary advantage of DSBSC
in AM?
a) It is simpler to transmit and
receive than the standard AM
b) No transmitter power is
wasted in the carrier
c) All of these
d) Reduce bandwidth over
standard AM
45.If a 7-A carrier is
modulated 100% by a
sinusoidal tone, how much
does the antenna current
increase?
a) 66.7%
b) 22.5%
c) 33.3%
d) 44.8%
46.(Nov 1997) A single
sideband emission in which
the
degree
of
carrier
suppression enables the
carrier to be reconstituted
and
to
be
used
for
demodulation.
a)
Half
carrier
single
sideband emission
b) Standard single sideband
emission
c) Full carrier single band
emission
d) Reduce carrier single
sideband emission

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


47.What is the percent
modulation of a signal in the
FM broadcast band at 92
MHz with 20 kHz frequency
deviation?
a) 27%
b) 72%
c) 12%
d) 60%
48.FM
has
a
major
disadvantage of _____.
a) High voltage
b) Greater bandwidth
c) Low efficiency
d) Greater coverage
49.What is another term
meaning
downward
modulation?
a) Positive Carrier Shift
b) Harmonic Modulation
c) Negative Carrier Shift
d) Distortion Modulation
50.Which of the following is
not an advantage of vestigial
sideband transmission?
a)
Reduces
power
requirements
b) Reduces transmission
bandwidth
c) Easy to detect the carrier
d) Simple receiver circuitry
51.What formula determines
sideband power in AM
emissions?
a) Pc(m2/2)
b) Pc(m2/3)
c) Pc(m2/4)
d) Pc(m2/5)
52.In
communications
systems,
demodulation
______.
a)
Is
opposite
of
modulation
b) Removes sidebands
c) Is performed at the
transmitting station
d) Rectifies modulated signal

53.Which of the following is


not a major difference
between
FM
and
AM
receivers?
a) IF frequency
b) AGC
c) deemphasis
d) Limiter
54.(Nov 1996) Which symbol
indicates that only one
sideband is transmitted?
a) H3E
b) B8E
c) A3E
d) C3F
55.In AM, increasing the
amplitude of the modulating
signal, the amount of power
in the information part of the
transmitted signal is _____
relative to the power used for
the carrier.
a) Constant
b) Decreased
c) Varying
d) Increased
56.(Mar 1996) Three audio
waves with 100, 200 and 300
volts amplitude respectively,
simultaneously modulate a
450 volts carrier. What is the
total percent of modulation of
the Am wave?
a) 115.5%
b) 69%
c) 83%
d) 50%
57.What is the greatest
possible modulation value
without distortion?
a) 50%
b) 99.9%
c) 100%
d) 66.67%

58.What is the power saving


in J3E system at 100%
modulation?
a) 66.67%
b) 33.3%
c) 100%
d) 83.3%
59.What happens in standard
AM transmission when no
modulating signal is being
transmitted?
a) There are no sidebands.
b) There are two carriers
c)
There
are
several
sidebands.
d) There is no signal.
60.(Nov 1998) What is the
first symbol of radio signal
emission having an amplitude
modulated
main
carrier,
double sideband? a) C
b) H
c) B
d) A
61.Compute the modulation
index of an FM signal with a
carrier swing of 10 kHz when
the modulating signal is 5
kHz.
a) 4
b) 1
c) 0.5
d) 2
62.In
what
type
of
transmitters
is
balanced
modulators used?
a) SSB
b) A3E
c) F3E
d) PM
63.What do you call a
heterodyne
frequency
changer?
a) Mixer
b) Modulator
c) Frequency synthesizer
d) Frequency translator

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


64.(Nov 1997) An AM
transmitter is rated 100 W at
100% modulation. How much
power is required for the
carrier?
a) 100 W
b) 33.33 W
c) 66.66 W
d) 83.33 W
65.What
is
the
major
requirement of the oscillators
used in an SSB receiver?
a) Selectivity
b) Goof feedback
c) High frequency
d) stability
66.In FM, what determines
bandwidth?
a) Modulation phase
b) Carrier power
c) Carrier frequency
d) Modulation index
67.What is the bandwidth of a
narrowband
FM
signal
generates by a 2 kHz audio
signal a 110-MHz FM carrier?
a) 4 kHz
b) 1 kHz
c) 2 kHz
d) 5 kHz
68.(Nov 1998) In modulation
technique, which of the
following is referred to
audible pitch?
a) Frequency
b) Harmonic
c) Width
d) Amplitude
69.To what feature of the
modulating tone is FM
deviation proportional?
a) Frequency
b) Amplitude
c) Harmonics
d) Phase

70.In Frequency Modulation


______.
a) The amplitude of the
carrier according to the
amplitude of the modulating
signal
b) The frequency of carrier
varies according to the
frequency of the modulating
signal
c) The frequency of carrier
varies according to the
amplitude
of
the
modulating signal
d) The frequency of carrier
varies according to the phase
of the modulating signal
71.In a transmitted AM wave,
state where the information is
contained?
a) Carrier
b) Sidebands
c) Modulating signal
d) Envelope
72.An 88-MHz carrier is
modulated by an audio tone
that caused a frequency
deviation of 15 kHz. What is
the carrier swing of this FM
signal?
a) 30 kHz
b) 60 kHz
c) 45 kHz
d) 15 kHz
73.A system has 150 kHz of
bandwidth available for a 10kHz modulating signal. What
is the approximate deviation?
a) 75 kHz
b) 65 kHz
c) 70 kHz
d) 100 kHz

74.When the modulating


frequency is halved, the
modulation index is doubled
and the modulating voltage
remains constant. The type of
modulation is
a) AM
b) PCM
c) FM
d) PM
75.For
an
AM
signal
modulated to a depth of
100% by a pure tone, the
power is _____ the power of
unmodulated carrier.
a) 3 / 2 times
b) less than
c) twice as
d) Same as
76.(Nov 1998) A third symbol
emission which represent
television.
(0
correct
answers)
a) F
b) A
c) D
d) C

77.What is the shape of a


trapezoidal pattern at 100%
modulation?
a) Circle
b) Square
c) Rectangle
d) Triangle
78.The total power content of
an AM signal is 600 W. What
is the percentage modulation
if each sideband contains
100 W?
a) 33.3%
b) 66.7%
c) 100%
d) 83.3%

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


79.Which of the following is
an advantage of PM over
FM?
a) One amplifier is required
b) Requires a simpler
transmitter
c) Requires a complex
circuitry
d) A need for several
modulators
80.The antenna current of an
AM transmitter is 6.2 A when
unmodulated and rises to 6.7
A when modulated. What is
the %m?
a) 42.8%
b) 67%
c) 57.9%
d) 51%
81.(Mar 1996) In the phase
shift method, how many
circuits must be balanced?
a) None of these
b) 4
c) 1
d) 2
82.In a 5-kW AM transmitter
high-level modulation is used.
What is the value of the audio
signal power needed for 100
percent modulation?
a) 5 kW
b) 15 kW
c) 50 kW
d) 2.5 kW
83.(Nov 1997) The third
symbol in the designation of
radio emission under the IYU
rules refers to
a) bandwidth
b) type of information to be
transmitted
c) type of modulation of the
main carrier
d)
nature
of
signal(s)modulating the main
carrier

84.Which of the following is


not a continuous wave
modulation?
a) AM
b) PM
c) PCM
d) FM
85.Determine
the
power
saving in percent when the
carrier is suppressed in an
AM signal modulated to 80%
a) 75.8%
b) 100%
c) 66.7%
d) 80%
86.A radio transmitter is rated
as having a frequency
accuracy of 0.2 parts per
million. What is the maximum
frequency error at 150 MHz?
a) 7.5 Hz
b) 20 Hz
c) 30 Hz
d) 150 Hz
87.An
FM
signal
with
modulation index m is applied
to a frequency tripler. The
modulation index at the
output is _____.
a) 0
b) 3m
c) m / 2
d) m
88.For an FM transmitter, the
initial carrier frequency is 8
MHz with a frequency
deviation of 1 kHz. If the total
frequency multiplication of
the
transmitter
is
12,
determine the final; frequency
deviation.
a) 120 kHz
b) 1 kHz
c) 12 kHz
d) 8 MHz

89.What factor(s) determine


the modulation index of an
FM signal?
a) Amplitude of the carrier
b) c and d are true
c) Frequency deviation
d)
Frequency
of
the
modulation signal
90.An AM transmission of
1000 W is fully modulated.
Calculate
the
power
transmitted as a SSB signal.
a) 1000 W
b) 333 W
c) 667 W
d) 167 W
91.What will the normal AM
receiver detect from an
unmodulated RF AC wave?
a) Nothing
b) AF signal
c) Carrier
d) noise
92.The rms antenna current
of a radio transmitter is 10 A
when unmodulated, rising to
12 A when the carrier is
sinusoidally modulated. What
is the modulation factor?
a) 1
b) 0.83
c) 0.67
d) 0.94
93.(Mar 1996) The letternumber designation B8E is a
form of modulation also
known as _____.
a) Pilot-carrier system
b) Lincompex
c) Independent sideband
emission
d)
Vestigial
sideband
transmission

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


94.For an FM signal in the
88-108-MHz broadcast band
with a frequency deviation of
15 kHz, determine the
percent modulation.
a) 20%
b) 60%
c) 40%
d) 80%

100.(Nov 1997) A good


example of a pilot tone
system used in commercial
frequency
modulation
stations.
a) Frequency modulation
b) Stereo multiplexing
c) Time division
d) FDM

105.In FM for a given


frequency
deviation,
the
modulation
index
varies
_____ with the modulating
frequency.
a) Independently
b) Inversely
c) Directly
d) Equally

95.What are the le7tternumber


designations
of
carrier and one SB?
a) A3E
b) F3E
c) H3E
d) J3E

101.The circuit used for


producing a double sideband
suppressed carrier type of
AM signal is called _____.
a) AGC
b) Balances modulator
c) Mixer
d) PLL

106.What is the maximum


power output of a CB A3E
emission?
a) 4 W
b) 10 kW
c) 10 W
d) 3 kW

96.FM system is superior to


AM because
a) It produces more rock
music
b) It has wider bandwidth
c) It is at VHR band
d) It eliminates most of
amplitude variation noise
97.Calculate the modulating
frequency that causes an FM
signal to have a bandwidth of
50 kHz when its frequency
deviation is 15 kHz.
a) 50 kHz
b) 40 kHz
c) 20 kHz
d) 10 kHz
98.During 100% modulation,
what percentage of the
average output power is in
the sidebands?
a) 100%
b) 16.67%
c) 66.67%
d) 33.3%
99.The
total
transmitted
power for an AM signal is
1200 W at 100% modulation.
What is the power for each
sideband?
a) 1200 W
b) 100 W
c) 200 W
d) 1000 W

102.If an FM transmitter has


two doublers and one tripler,
what is the carrier swing
when the oscillator deviates 2
kHz?
a) 24 kHz
b) 2 kHz
c) 48 kHz
d) 36 kHz
103.In FM, what produces
the sidebands?
a) Carrier and its harmonics
b) RF signal
c) Carrier signal
d) Modulating signal
104.In Phase Modulation
(PM), the modulation index
represents ______.
a) The ratio of the modulation
amplifier to the carrier
amplitude
b) The maximum phase
shift
c) The maximum frequency
deviation
d) The total number of
sidebands

107.(Nov 1996) The output of


a balanced modulator is
_____.
a) LSB and USB
b) USB
c) Carrier
d) LSB
108.The purpose of the
balances modulator circuits is
to eliminate the _____.
a) Distortion
b) Sidebands
c) Noise
d) Carrier
109.(Apr 1998) Refers to an
emission designation
for
facsimile.
a) A3C and F3C
b) R3E and A3E
c) J3E and F4E
d) A3J and A4E
110.Which produces greater
interference, overmodulated
positive or negative peaks?
a) Negative
b) neither
c) Positive
d) either

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


111.(Apr
1997)
Which
transmit only sideband?
a) H3E
b) 3AJ
c) A3E
d) 11BE
112.What is the main feature
of DSB transmission?
a) Narrow bandwidth
b) High reliability
c) High voltage
d) Carrier is suppressed
113.A 100-V carrier is
amplitude modulated by a 1kHz sine wave. What is the
side-frequency
amplitude
when m=0.75?
a) 75 V
b) 18.75 V
c) 100 V
d) 37.5 V
114.An SSB contains 30 kW.
The power content of the
carrier is _____ kW.
a) 30
b) 0
c) 20
d) 10
115.What stage in an AM
transmitter creates its own
sine wave?
a) Buffer
b) Modulator
c) Oscillator
d) Amplifier
116.(Nov
1996)
frequency
and
modulation utilizes
modulation.
a) AM and Fm
b) Phase
c) angle
d) Digital

Both
phase
_____

117.The major difference


between FM and PM
a) Lies in the poorer audio
response
of
phase
modulation index
b) All of the above
c) Lies in the different
definition of modulation index
d) Is too great to make the
two system compatible
118.(Apr 1998) The final
power amplifier in an FM
y=transmitter
usually
operates class _____.
a) B
b) C
c) A
d) AB
119.What percent of the
radiated power is in the
sidebands
with
50%
sinusoidal modulation (AM)?
a) 16.67%
b) 33%
c) 11%
d) 20%
120.What
determine
the
bandwidth of a transmitted
AM signal?
a) The lowest modulation
amplitude
b) The highest frequency
component
of
the
modulating signal
c) The lowest frequency
component of the intelligence
d) The maximum modulation
amplitude
121.(Nov 1998) The third
symbol radio emission which
represent
telephone
transmission including sound
broadcasting.
a) F
b) C
c) E
d) W

122.What is the letter-number


designation for an FM
facsimile? a) F3C
b) A3E
c) C3C
d) F3E
123.An unmodulated carrier
is 300 VP-P. Calculate %m
when its maximum p-p value
reaches 400 V.
a) 100%
b) 33.3%
c) 66.67%
d) 83.3%
124.What is the percent
modulation of an AM wave
that has a power content of
12 kW in each sideband
when modulated by a single
tone?
a) 30%
b) 66%
c) 82%
d) 75%
125.(Nov 1997) The first
symbol in the designation of
radio emission under the ITU
rules refers to
a) bandwidth
b) type of modulation of the
main carrier
c)
nature
of
signal(s)
modulating the main carrier
d) type of information to be
transmitted
126.What constitutes the
input to an AM transmitter?
a) Mixer and amplifier
b) Mixer and local oscillator
c) Buffer and IF amplifier
d) RF oscillator and/or
audio amplifier
127.When
a
carrier
is
frequency-modulated, what is
developed on both sides
carrier?
a) Carrier
b) Envelope
c) Noise
d) sidebands

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


128.If the 500-Hz modulation
of a 1-MHz carrier has 3rd
harmonic distortion, what is
the emission bandwidth?
a) 3 kHz
b) 1 kHz
c) 1500 Hz
d) 1 MHz
129.(Apr
1997)
100%
modulation inn AM means a
corresponding increase in
total power by _____.
a) 50%
b) 100%
c) 25%
d) 75%
130.A modulation technique
commonly used for low-cost
digitization of voice signals.
a) A3
b) F3
c) A5C
d) A0
131.For a 75-MHz FM carrier
modulated by 5-kHZ audio
tone that causes a frequency
deviation
of
15
kHz,
determine the FM signal
bandwidth.
a) 200 kHz
b) 100 kHz
c) 80 kHz
d) 40 kHz
132.(Mar 1996) In AM, the
carrier
carries
_____
intelligence.
a) No
b) Distorted
c) Same
d) Difference
133.(Nov 1998) In amplitude
modulation technique the
unmodulated
carrier
is
referred as having _____.
a) 50% modulated
b) over modulated
c) 0% modulation
d) 100% modulation

134.Modulating two waves of


the same frequency but with
_____. a) 90
b) 180
c) 45
d) 360
135.For an unmodulated
carrier of 1000V and a
modulated peak value of
1800 V, what is the
modulation index?
a) 0.7
b) 0.8
c) 0.9
d) 0.5
136.What factor determines
the modulation index of an
FM transmission?
a) Carrier frequency
b) Carrier phase
c)
Modulating
signal
frequency
d) Carrier amplitude
137.(Mar 1996) Which of the
following pulse modulation
systems is analog?
a) PCM
b) Differential PCM
c) Delta
d) PWM
138.With
_____,
the
modulation envelope is an
expression of the amplitude
and
frequency
of
the
modulation signal.
a) AM
b) FM
c) PCM
d) PM
139.(Apr 1998)
emission C3F?
a) Television
b) Facsimile
c) RTTY
d) Modulated CW

What

is

140.An FM signal has a


frequency deviation of 2000
Hz caused by modulating
signal of 500 Hz. What is the
modulation index?
a) 2
b) 8
c) 5
d) 4
141.(Apr 1998) Which of the
following refers to a double
side band full carrier?
a) A3E
b) A3J
c) F3
d) R3A
142.What is the maximum
power that can be contained
in the sideband without
distortion?
a) 50%
b) 25%
c) 66.67%
d) 16.67%
143.What is the amount of
carrier swing necessary to
produce an 80% modulation
for the audio portion of the
TV band?
a) 20 kHz
b) 25 kHz
c) 50 kHz
d) 40 kHz
144.A DSB-SC system must
suppress the carrier by 50 dB
from its original value of 10
W. To what value must the
carrier be reduced?
a) 0.1 W
b) 0.001 W
c) 0.0001 W
d) 0.01W
145.What is the following is
not
a
product
of
overmodulation?
a) Image
b) Spurious signal
c) Buckshot
d) Splatter

Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.

BSECE Board Examination Reviewer in Communications Engineering - Modulation


146.(Nov
1996)
Which
determines the number of
sideband components in FM?
a) Modulation frequency
b) Modulation index
c) Carrier frequency
d) All of these
147.For an FM signal
a) The total number of
sidebands depends on the
modulation frequency the
carrier frequency
b) The carrier frequency
cannot disappear
c) The carrier frequency
disappears
when
the
modulation index is large
d) The amplitude of any
sideband depends on the
modulation index

ARVIN
Copyright BSECE Online Board Examination Reviewer 2009.