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Dubai, Sharjah, Abu-Dhabi

United Arab Emirates


Criminal
Justice

8.5

8.6

8.7

1.1

1.2

Region: Middle East & North Africa | Income group: High income

Constraints on
Government
Powers
1.3

1.4

8.4
8.3

Income Rank

Global Rank

0.65

1/7

25/30

27/99

1.6
2.1

8.1

Absence of
Corruption

2.2

0.5

7.7

2.3

7.6

2.4

7.5

3.1

7.4

3.2

7.3

3.3

7.2

Open
Government

3.4

7.1

4.1

6.5

4.2
6.4

4.3
6.3

Regulatory
Enforcement

Regional Rank

1.5

8.2

Civil
Justice

Overall Score

Factor Factor
Trend Score

4.5
6.1

5.3

5.2

5.1

4.8

4.7

4.6

Fundamental
Rights

Order and
Security

United Arab
Emirates

Middle East & North


Africa

Constraints on Government Powers

High income
group

Global
Rank

Constraints on Government
Powers

0.58

2/7

30/30

42/99

Absence of Corruption

0.79

1/7

17/30

17/99

Open Government

0.46

3/7

30/30

52/99

Fundamental Rights

0.49

3/7

30/30

73/99

Order and Security

0.89

1/7

8/30

9/99

Regulatory Enforcement

0.66

1/7

21/30

23/99

Civil Justice

0.59

2/7

27/30

33/99

Criminal Justice

0.78

1/7

7/30

7/99

4.4
6.2

Regional Income
Rank
Rank

Trending up

Trending down

Fundamental Rights

Low

Medium

High

Civil Justice

1.1 Limits by legislature

0.52

4.1 Equal treatment / no


discrimination

0.58

7.1 Accessibility and


affordability

0.42

1.2 Limits by judiciary

0.63

4.2 Right to life and security

0.68

7.2 No discrimination

0.39

1.3 Independent auditing

0.75

4.3 Due process of law

0.66

7.3 No corruption

0.77

1.4 Sanctions for official


misconduct

0.74

4.4 Freedom of expression

0.33

7.4 No improper gov. influence

0.59

1.5 Non-governmental checks

0.33

4.5 Freedom of religion

0.35

7.5 No unreasonable delay

0.71

1.6 Lawful transition of power

0.5

4.6 Right to privacy

0.63

7.6 Effective enforcement

0.64

4.7 Freedom of association

0.24

7.7 Impartial and effective ADRs

0.6

4.8 Labor rights

0.45

Absence of Corruption
2.1 No corruption in the
executive branch

0.83

2.2 No corruption in the


judiciary

0.79

2.3 No corruption in the


police/military

0.78

2.4 No corruption in the


legislature

0.77

Criminal Justice
Order and Security
5.1 Absence of crime
5.2 Absence of civil conflict
5.3 Absence of violent redress

Open Government

0.96
1
0.69

Regulatory Enforcement

3.1 Accessible laws

0.61

3.2 Stable laws

0.66

3.3 Right to petition /


participation

0.41

3.4 Right to information

0.17

6.1 Effective regulatory


enforcement

0.78

6.2 No improper influence

0.88

6.3 No unreasonable delay

0.58

6.4 Respect for due process

0.51

6.5 No expropriation w/out


adequate compensation

0.54

Complete country profile available at: http://data.worldjusticeproject.org/#index/ARE

8.1 Effective investigations

0.84

8.2 Timely and effective


adjudication

0.8

8.3 Effective correctional system

0.86

8.4 No discrimination

0.75

8.5 No corruption

0.78

8.6 No improper gov. influence

0.77

8.7 Due process of law

0.66

WJP Rule of Law Index 2014

Extended United Arab Emirates Profile


The WJP Rule of Law Index 2014 indicators are based on more than 100,000 household and expert surveys worldwide. Below
are a selection of sample questions taken from household surveys (factors 1 to 6) and expert surveys (factors 7 and 8) for United
Arab Emirates that help determine its factor and sub-factor scoring.
United Arab Emirates

Middle East & North Africa

High income group

Constraints on Government Powers

Assume that a high-ranking government officer is taking government money for


personal benefit. Also assume that one of his employees witnesses this conduct,
reports it to the relevant authority, and provides sufficient evidence to prove it.
Assume that the press obtains the information and publishes the story. Which one
of the following outcomes is most likely?
The accusation is completely ignored by
the authorities

8%

An investigation is opened, but it never


reaches any conclusions

22%

The high-ranking government officer is


prosecuted and punished (through fines,
or time in prison)

70%

Absence of Corruption

Corruption exists in all countries and societies in some form or the other. How
many of the following people in United Arab Emirates do you think are involved in
corrupt practices?
Officers working in the national
government

33%

Officers working in the local government

33%

Members of Parliament/Congress

35%

Judges and Magistrates

33%

The police

35%

During the past three years, have you or anyone living in your household been
stopped or detained by the police? Thinking about the most recent incident, did
you (or the person living in your household) have to pay a bribe to the police
officer who approached you (or the person living in your household)?
Yes

47%

During the past three years, did you or anyone living in your household request a
government permit, or process any kind of document (like a license, building
permit, etc.) in a local government office? Thinking about the most recent incident,
did you (or the person living in your household) have to pay a bribe (or money
above that required by law)?
Yes

10%

Open Government

When talking to people about their local government, we often find important
differences in how well local authorities perform their duties. Could you please tell
us how well or badly you think your local government (Metropolitan, Municipal, or

Complete country profile available at: http://data.worldjusticeproject.org/#index/ARE

WJP Rule of Law Index 2014

District administration) is performing in the following procedures?


Providing citizens information about the
government expenditures

68%

Consulting traditional, civil, and


community leaders before making
decisions

56%

Providing information in plain language


about peoples legal rights, so that
everybody can understand them

57%

Providing effective ways to make


complaints about public services

60%

Providing effective ways to handle


complaints against local government
officials

56%

Fundamental Rights

In United Arab Emirates, people can freely join together with others to draw
attention to an issue or sign a petition
Strongly agree and agree

67%

Disagree and strongly disagree

33%

In practice, workers in United Arab Emirates can freely form labor unions and
bargain for their rights with their employers
Strongly agree and agree

64%

Disagree and strongly disagree

36%

In United Arab Emirates, people can freely express opinions against the
government
Strongly agree and agree

37%

Disagree and strongly disagree

63%

In United Arab Emirates, religious minorities can freely and publicly observe their
holy days and events
Strongly agree and agree

56%

Disagree and strongly disagree

44%

In United Arab Emirates, the media (TV, radio, newspapers) can freely express
opinions against government policies and actions without fear of retaliation
Strongly agree and agree

41%

Disagree and strongly disagree

59%

Order and Security

How safe do you feel walking in your neighborhood at night?


Very safe and safe

88%

Unsafe and very unsafe

13%

In the past 3 YEARS, did anyone actually BREAK into your home/residence
without permission, and steal or try to steal something?
Yes

Complete country profile available at: http://data.worldjusticeproject.org/#index/ARE

2%

WJP Rule of Law Index 2014

In the past 3 YEARS, were you a victim of an ARMED ROBBERY (with a weapon
such as a knife or a gun)?
Yes

1%

Has any relative or person that lived with you in your house been MURDERED in
the past 3 years?
Yes

0%

Regulatory Enforcement

Please assume that the government decides to build a major public works project
in your neighborhood (such as a railway station or a highway), and assume the
construction of this public works project requires the demolition of private homes
in your community/neighborhood. How likely are these homeowners to be fairly
compensated by the government?
Very likely and likely

77%

Unlikely and very unlikely

23%

Please assume that one day the electricity-service-provider charges you a rate
that exceeds the amount established in your contract. After complaining to the
company, a company representative tells you that there had been a mistake, but
assures you that the issue has been resolved. Still, in order to avoid disconnection,
the representative advises you to pay the wrong amount and get a
reimbursement of the overcharge, which you do. The next month, you receive
another bill with the wrong higher rate, and no reimbursement for the previous
overcharge. You file a complaint with the National Consumer Protection Agency.
Which of the following outcomes is most likely?
The company complies with the law,
establishes your original rate, and
refunds you the overpaid amount

65%

The company establishes your original


rate, but you dont receive any refund

32%

Absolutely nothing happens

3%

Assume that the Environmental protection authority in United Arab Emirates


notifies an industrial plant that it is polluting a river beyond the legally permitted
levels. Which of the following outcomes is most likely? Choose one single answer:
The company complies with the law
(either voluntarily or through court
orders, fines, and other sanctions)

72%

The company bribes or influences the


authorities to ignore the violation

23%

Absolutely nothing happens

5%

Assume that a company fires a worker because he is promoting the creation of a


labor union in a factory, and assume that the worker complains before the
relevant authority. Which of the following outcomes is most likely? Choose one
single answer:
The worker's complaint is completely
ignored by the authorities

8%

An investigation is opened but it never


reaches any conclusions

27%

The authorities require the company to


compensate the worker or reinstate
him/her to his/her job

63%

Complete country profile available at: http://data.worldjusticeproject.org/#index/ARE

WJP Rule of Law Index 2014

The company bribes or influences the


authorities to ignore the violation

2%

Civil Justice

Please tell us how serious the following problems are in civil and commercial
courts in the city where you live? (10 means a very serious problem):
Duration of cases (they take too much
time)

5.4

Inefficient enforcement mechanisms


(judgments are difficult to enforce in
practice)

4.7

Lack of enough judges or court personnel

4.3

Lack of adequate resources to do the job

3.9

Lack of adequate selection or training of


judges and clerks

6.1

Lack of deterrents to prevent frivolous


litigation

4.7

Inefficient alternative dispute


mechanisms to resolve disputes outside
the courts

5.4

Corruption of judges and judicial officers


(they dont move the cases unless the
parties bribe them)

1.7

Insufficient monetary compensation


(pay) for judges and court officers

2.2

Lack of mechanisms to track the


efficiency of the courts

5.1

Lack of independence of the judiciary


from the governments power

5.6

Criminal Justice

The following question aims at identifying the main problems faced by the criminal
investigation system in your country. On a scale from 1 to 10 (with 10 meaning a
very serious problem, and 1 meaning not a serious problem), please tell us how
significant are the following problems for the criminal investigative services
(prosecutors, investigators, judicial police officers, etc.) in the city where you live:
Lack of effective intelligence systems to
support criminal investigators

1.3

Lack of proactive investigation methods,


such as undercover operations

0.6

Deficient mechanisms to gather


information and analyze evidence

0.8

Deficient systems to protect witnesses


and whistle-blowers

2.5

Deficient systems to exchange


information between criminal
investigative service agencies

0.6

Lack of enough criminal investigators

1.3

Incompetence of criminal investigators

2.2

Lack of technology and adequate


resources

0.3

Lack of independence of prosecutors


(unable to act against powerful
government officials or private parties)

2.9

Corruption of investigators or judicial


police

1.4

Corruption of prosecutors

1.3

Excessive length and use of pre-trial


detention

2.5

Complete country profile available at: http://data.worldjusticeproject.org/#index/ARE

WJP Rule of Law Index 2014

The following question aims at identifying the main problems faced by the criminal
courts in your country. On a scale from 1 to 10 (with 10 being a very serious
problem, and 1 being not a serious problem), please tell us how significant are the
following problems faced by the criminal courts in the city where you live:
Delays in the criminal justice system
(cases take too much time)

3.2

Court congestion and lack of enough


judges

3.3

Appeals clogging the criminal justice


system

3.3

Poor decisions by criminal judges

2.2

Lack of adequate selection and training


of judges and clerks

1.7

Insufficient monetary compensation


(pay) for judges and court officers

1.1

Lack of enough judges and court


personnel

2.2

Lack of adequate resources

Insufficient number of state-provided or


pro-bono (free-of-charge) attorneys for
poor criminal defendants

2.4

Incompetence of state-provided or probono (free-of-charge) attorneys for poor


criminal defendants

2.4

Corruption of judges and judicial officers


(they dont move the cases unless the
parties bribe them)

2.1

Lack of mechanisms to track the


efficiency of the criminal courts

1.6

Lack of independence of the judiciary


from the governments power
Lack of translators (language barriers) for
criminal defendants

1.4

Insufficient or inefficient alternative


dispute resolution mechanisms
(conciliation, mediation) to resolve
disputes outside the criminal system

3.2

Complete country profile available at: http://data.worldjusticeproject.org/#index/ARE

WJP Rule of Law Index 2014