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ENVIRONMENTAL AUDIT

REPORT
UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI,
CHIROMO
MARCH 2014, GROUP 7.

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COMPANY NAME: University of Nairobi


SITE LOCATION:

Chiromo
Nairobi

AUDIT DATE:

18th March 2014

REPORT DATE:
ORIGINATED BY:
CHECKED BY :

MRS.M WOKABI
Eng. Management lecturer,

University of Nairobi
PREPARD BY:

GROUP 7

The Services were performed by GROUP 7 taking into account the limits of
the scope of works required by the lecturer, the time scale involved and the
resources, including financial and
manpower resources, agreed between GROUP 7.
Other than that expressly contained in the paragraph above, GROUP 7
provides no other representation or warranty whether express or implied, in
relation to the services.
This report is produced exclusively for the purposes of the lecturer. GROUP 7
is not aware of any interest of or reliance by any party other than the
lecturer in or on the services. Unless expressly provided in writing, GROUP
10 does not authorize, consent or condone any party other than the lecturer
relying upon the services provided. Any reliance on the services or any part
of the services by any party other than the client is made wholly at that
partys own and sole risk and GROUP 7 disclaims any liability to such parties.
Many of the conclusions in this report are based on information provided by
the staff of the institution at the time of the audit. Some of this information
has not been verified and therefore GROUP 7 cannot accept responsibility for
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any conclusions based on this


information. GROUP 7 accepts no responsibility for the accuracy of any third
party data used in the production of this report.

Contents

Page

Foreword
Chapter I: Executive summary
About environment
Environmental degradation
Impact of environmental degradation
Sustainable development
Public management of the Environment
Environment Audit
Obstacles facing Environment Audit
Chapter II: Audit Process
Stages in the audit process
Audit planning
Gathering background information for environment audit
Setting audit scope for environment audits
Setting audit objectives for environment audits
Setting audit criteria for environment audits
Audit methodology for conducting environment audit
Conducting field audits
Post audit
Follow-up review
Chapter III: Audit of Waste Management
About waste
Kinds of waste
Impact of waste on health and environment
Waste Management
Waste prevention
Major audit issues in management of waste
Compliance Audit of waste issues
Performance Audit of waste issues
Chapter IV: Audit of Air Pollution
About air pollution
Types and sources of air pollutants
Effects of air pollution
Measurement of air quality
Major issues in audit of air pollution
Compliance Audit of issues relating to prevention of air
pollution
Performance audit on air pollution
Chapter V: Audit of Water Pollution
About water issues
Water availability
Water Pollution
Major audit issues relating to water
Major audit issues relating to water pollution
Compliance Audit of control of water pollution issues

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Performance audit on water pollution


Chapter VI: Audit of Biodiversity
About biodiversity
Importance of protection of biodiversity
Main issues related to biodiversity
Methods of protecting and conserving biodiversity
Major issues in the audit of biodiversity
Compliance Audit of biodiversity issues
Performance audit on biodiversity issues
Chapter VII: Audit of Energy Management
Chapter VIII: Audit of Resource and Materials use
Chapter IX: Audit of transport

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List of Abbreviations
UON-University of Nairobi
LAB-Laboratory
EAR-Environmental Audit Report
NEMA National Environmental

CHAPTER 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


1.1: Project Title and Project Proponent
COMPANY NAME: University of Nairobi
P.O. BOX 30197-00100 NAIROBI
AUDITORS:

LITALI ELIJAH OWATE

F16/35853/2010

PROJECT TITLE: ENVIRONMENTAL AUDIT ON THE HUMAN ANATOMY


BUILDING AND THE CHIROMO LIBRARY.

1.2 Description of the Audited Project

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The Human Anatomy Building and the Chiromo library are located within
Chiromo on Riverside drive, off Waiyaki way. Both buildings were designed
to be used by University students in an effort to widen their knowledge by
study and research. The buildings are mainly managed by the relevant
heads of departments. The main transportation that occurs within this
area is that of transporting people, medicines, chemicals and deceased
bodies.
The main objective of the Audit was to assess the effectiveness and
efficiency of the systems in place in the area with regard to maintenance
and conservation of the environment.

1.3 Description of the Environment


The area has plenty of green grass and numerous trees. There is a steam
that passes nearby. The area is a built up area as other concrete
structures exist within the area. The roads linking the general area to the
outside world are access roads paved with bitumen. Because it is a
learning environment, there are various races and ethnicities represented
hence widening the biodiversity.

1.4 Summary of Findings


ENVIRONME
NTAL ISSUE.

OBSERVATION
S

ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACTS

MITIGATION
MEASURES

Water
pollution

Water leaks
present
Accumulation
of dirty
stagnant water
present
Dumping of
chemical
wastes into non
designated
sinks

Depletion of the limited


water sources
Increase of breeding
ground for mosquitoes
and other parasites
that spread diseases
Threatening health and
livelihood of those
people who use the
water that the sewer
system eventually
drains to.
Contamination of water
with unwanted
substances and
exposure of water to
harmful gases .
Unsafe handling or
pollution of the water
could pose health risks
to those using the

Employment
of an
environment
coordinator
who usually
goes round the
area daily to
ensure every
system is in
place and
functioning.

Rusting of
water tanks

No clear
records of the
policy/ laws
/rules for the
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------------

CONCLUSION
S AND
RECCOMEND
ATIONS
Repair of
leaking pipes
and taps
Eliminate all
accumulation
of dirty water.
Ensuring that
hazardous
chemicals are
dumped in the
designated
sinks at all
times.

Obtain clear
copies of the
policy/laws/rul
es for the

Biodiversity

control of water
pollution.

water.

control of
water
pollution.

Urbanization
within the
Chiromo area
has increased
the rate of
habitat loss for
monkeys.
Accumulation
of dirty
stagnant
Water.

Monkeys within that


area may have reduced
overtime.

Creation of a
protected area
to provide
refuge for the
monkeys.

Cutting down of
trees for
firewood.

Pollution in water
bodies contribute
significantly to the ill
health of monkeys and
other animals and the
destruction of biological
diversity.
Deforestation and
agricultural expansion
are other leading
causes of habitat loss.
Loss/fragmentation of
habitat is the greatest
threat to biodiversity
and is one of the main
causes of extinction of
species.

Eliminate all
accumulation
of dirty water.
Efforts have to
be made to
identify the
areas and
protect them
against illegal
activities such
as burning,
cultivating,
hunting and
poaching.

CHAPTER 2: introduction
GROUP 10 was asked by the Engineering Management lecturer to carry
out an environmental audit of a building of their choice within UON. The
students chose the Human Anatomy Building, the library and their
environs.
Each section contains recommendations for improvements relating to
environmental issues, which are consolidated in the action plan in section
4.
Note: this report does not comment on any legal compliance issues that
may have been raised by the audit.

BACKGROUND
The Anatomy Lab in Chiromo is located on a beautiful location in Riverside
drive off Waiyaki Way. It was built mainly for the Medical students of UON.

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It was opened officially by the First President of the Republic of Kenya H.E
Mzee Jommo Kenyatta in 1968 with the aim of furthering science and
medical research within the country.

The Anatomy lab consists of two floors, while the library consists of two
floors and one basement thus making three floors.
The Human Anatomy Building contains rooms of a variety of sizes some of
which are offices and classrooms. On the ground floor are the general
reception area and some other meeting rooms Amongst these is the
Anatomy Lab, the largest room in the building which has a capacity of up
to 80 people.
The UON Chiromo Library is located within the vicinity of the Anatomy
Lab. The library is for all students but mainly for those who pursue
biological and physical sciences.
There are two catering facilities near the environs of the buildings; the
Arziki Restaurant and the Chiromo Kitchen. The institution employs its own
chefs and cleaners, and all catering is done in house. The catering aspect
is not actively advertised but members of the public can use these
facilities.

2.1Definition of an Environmental Audit Report


Environmental auditing is a systematic, documented, periodic and
objective process in assessing an organizations activities and services in
relation to:

Assessing compliance with relevant statutory and internal


requirements
Facilitating management control of environmental practices
Promoting good environmental management
Maintaining credibility with the public
Raising staff awareness and enforcing commitment to departmental
environmental policy
Exploring improvement opportunities
Establishing the performance baseline for developing an
Environmental Management System (EMS)

NOTE: Conducting an environmental audit is no longer an option but a


sound precaution and a proactive measure in todays heavily regulated
environment.

2.2Objectives of the Environmental Audit Report


The objective of the Report is to provide interested parties with a clear
indication of the
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environmental performance or the project or facility for the period covered


by the audit. The primary objectives of the Report are as follows:

Provide an objective analysis of the environmental impacts arising


from the facilities
Establish that the requirements of NEMA are met.
Determine that mitigation measures are effective in minimizing or
removing environmental impacts
Identify opportunities and make recommendations for
improvements in environmental performance of the project or
facility
Provide the information required to develop an Environmental
Action Plan (EAP) in the event of any significant findings of negative
impacts to the environment.

CHAPTER 3. AUDIT process


The Audit process consisted mainly of the following four stages:

Planning for the audit.


Conducting field audit.
Audit reporting.

3.1 AUDIT PLANNING


All the members of group 7 met in the classroom of Civil Engineering block to
discuss and agree on performance expectations of each member, funding
responsibilities, audit procedure and compliance requirement to ensure the
smooth running of the process. The main compliance requirements were found
to be a students identification card and determination. All members of the
group were found to have both of these.
The members later divided themselves into groups of three in order to focus on
conducting audits on different areas. The time set to conduct the field audit was
set to ten days. The members agreed that staff interviews were to be done by
random sampling.

3.2 conducting the field audit


The following steps were followed:

Conducting a meeting with a staff member of the Human Anatomy


Department in order to ex[lain the audit objectives, criteria and
methodology to be followed. This turned out to be important for the
member of staff was willing to fully cooperate with the three members.
Collection of audit evidence through questionnares, interviews and

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photographs.
Conduction of a closing meeting with the audit entity in order to share the
preliminary audit findings.

3.3 conducting the post audit

The steps taken during post audit in the audit were:


Preparation of a draft report after analyzing the audit evidence and
drawing audit conclusions.
Conduction of an exit conference with the audit entity to discuss the draft
report.
Eliciting audit entitys responses to the draft report.
Preparing final report after taking into account the audit entitys
responses to audit conclusions and suggesting recommendations.

Chapter 4.audit on water management and


pollution

Water is a crucial resource for all existence on this earth as well as an


essential part of the global ecological system. Water quality and quantity
problems are a major concern in all the countries. Nevertheless, specific
issues relating to water can differ from region to region and from country
to country.
Some of the major audit issues relating to water management pollution
were:
Taps sometimes lack water.
The institution does not use material balances to monitor water, raw and
auxiliary balances.
The institution monitors its water consumption and waste water
generation.
The two buildings did indeed have data sources and extent of water
pollution of the area.
The environmental authorities did recognize the threats to health and
environment posed by water pollution.
There was an existence of laws for the control of water pollution
Strategies were in place to reduce water pollution though they have not
yet been implemented.
There is adequate infrastructure present to control water pollution.
There is availability of funds to monitor and ensure control of Water
pollution.
The group members found out that the strategies in place to reduce water
pollution needed to be implemented fast because water pollution in this
area could cause serious health and environmental ill effects. Furthermore
it may lead to serious water shortages in the coming years as this polluted
water may not be reused in other ways and this is unfavorable especially

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because the human population within that area is steadily increasing.

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