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ROTARY DRIVEN PIPE PILES

PERFORMANCE
IN SAND AND CLAY
Howard A. Perko, Ph.D., PE
Magnum Geo-Solutions, LLC

O tli
Outline
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI
VI.
VII.
VIII
VIII.
IX.

Introduction
Project Descriptions
Soil Conditions
Foundation Designs
Pile Designs
Pile Installation
Inspection
Load Test Results
Conclusions

Introduction

Rotaryy Driven Pipe


p Pile

Rotaryy Tips
p Manufactured by
y
Magnum Piering, Inc.

Project
Descriptions

S d Sit
Sand
Site

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Soil Conditions

S d Sit
Sand
Site

Soil borings were performed on the subject


site by Big Apple Testing
Testing, Inc
Inc. of Whitestone
Whitestone,
NY from 8-19-02 through 8-28-02. The
subsurface conditions exposed in the borings
consist of clean fill materials overlying
medium dense to dense, silty, fine sand (8(8
65) extending from a depth starting at
approximately 12 feet (elevation of
approximately 28 feet) and continuing to the
depth explored of up to 100 feet (elevation
approximately -60 feet). Groundwater was
encountered at depths of 42 to 47 feet
(elevations of approximately -2 to -7 feet).
The average standard penetration test blow
count as a function of elevation is given
below.

Elevation ((ft))
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
-40
-45
-50
-55
-60

Depth
p (ft)
( )
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100

Average
g N
10
24
27
34
39
27
29
27
38
48
49
42
49
55
52
52
56
62
100
100

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Foundation
Designs

S d Sit
Sand
Site

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Pile Design

S d Sit
Sand
Site

FHWA Methods for Driven Displacement Piles


( )
(1)
Pu = (2T/deff) + F
(2)

(1)
(2) Perko & Doner

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

FHWA A, B, L Method for Driven Displacement


Piles
Su = 0.065 tsf/blow x N55
(1)
Pu = (2T/deff) + F
(2)

( ) Terzaghi
(1)
g & Peck
(2) Perko & Doner

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Pile Installation

S d Sit
Sand
Site

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Inspection

S d Sit
Sand
Site
Pile
Designation

Date
Installed

Date
Tested

Pile
Length

Pile
Description

(H 6)7

4/5/2005

22

12" Diam. Cased Displacement Pile with


Sacrificial Auger Tip

(I 7)7

4/7/2005

28

12" Diam. Cased Displacement Pile with


Sacrificial Auger Tip

(F1 7)6

9/29/2005

16

12 Diam.
12"
Diam Cased Displacement Pile with
Sacrificial Auger Tip

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Load Testing

S d Sit
Sand
Site

S d Sit
Sand
Site
Auger
g Displacement
p
Pile Load Tests
38 Delancy Street
400
350
300

Load
d (kip)

250
200

Pile Test 4-7-05


150
DESIGN LOAD = 60 TONS

100
50
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

Displacement (in)
Permanent Deflection after
Test to 2x Design Load = 0.0625"

0.7

0.8

0.9

S d Sit
Sand
Site
Auger Displacement Pile Load Tests
38 Delancy Street
400
350
300

Lo
oad (kip)

250
200

Pile Test 4
4-5-05
5 05
150
DESIGN LOAD = 60 TONS

100
50
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

Displacement (in)
Permanent Deflection after
g Load = 0.0625"
Test to 2x Design

S d Sit
Sand
Site
Load Settlement vs. Time PILE (F1 7)6
38 Delancy Street
Time at 200% ProofLoad (Hours)
0

12

24

36

48

60

0.000

0.020

0.040

Pile No. (F1 7)6


Tested 9/29/0510/3/05
Pile Type: 12" Augered Displacement
Concrete: 4000 psi
Reinforcement: Steel cased
Design Load: 60 Tons
Pile Length: 20 feet

Settlement (inc
ches)

0.060

0.080

0.100

0.120

0.140

0.160

0.180

0.200

48th Hour,
' = 0.003 inch

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Cl Sit
Clay
Site

Conclusions

C
Conclusions
l i

Sand Site
Clayy Site

A k
Acknowledgements
l d
t

Intercoastal Foundations & Shoring


Langan
g Engineering
g
g

Thank You