Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7
WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF GREENHOUSE GASES ON GLOBAL WARMING? Submitted to: Mr. Imran Shaukat

WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF GREENHOUSE GASES ON GLOBAL WARMING?

WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF GREENHOUSE GASES ON GLOBAL WARMING? Submitted to: Mr. Imran Shaukat Submitted

Submitted to:

Mr. Imran Shaukat

GASES ON GLOBAL WARMING? Submitted to: Mr. Imran Shaukat Submitted by: AHSAN MAQBOOL 2012-AG-3746 B.Sc. Agri.

Submitted by:

AHSAN MAQBOOL

2012-AG-3746

B.Sc. Agri. Engg. Section C1

ON GLOBAL WARMING? Submitted to: Mr. Imran Shaukat Submitted by: AHSAN MAQBOOL 2012-AG-3746 B.Sc. Agri. Engg.

WHAT IS GLOBAL WARMING?

Unusual rapid increase or change in Earth’s average temperature called global warming over the past century primarily released of greenhouse gases from people burn as fossil fuel. The global average surface temperature rose 0.6 to 0.9 degree Celsius between 1906 and 2005 that rate of temperature increases double from last 50years.

How does this global warming compare to previous changes in the Planet climate?

How can be certain that human-released greenhouse gases are causing global warming?

How much more will the Earth warm?

How

will

Earths

respond

replying

these

questions

in

Environmental challenge of our time?

GREENHOUSE GASES

perhaps

the

most

significant

scientific

Greenhouse gases trap the heat in the atmosphere entering or leaving envelop of the Earth. What so ever it’s coming from sunlight in the form of UV, IR radiation or people are adding several types of gases to the atmosphere and each gas effect the climate change or temperature increases.

GREENHOUSE EFFECT

Greenhouse effect is ability of these gases to trap energy in the atmosphere and capability to stays/retain more heat energy on Earth.

EARTHS NATURAL GREENHOUSE EFFECT

Earth’s temperature begins with sunlight. About 30% of sunlight reflects back in the space by the bright surface of Ice, Clouds etc. Rest of 70% remaining in the atmosphere and absorbed by the ocean. That heat energy radiate the air, rocks and warm up seas, this energy travel into the atmosphere where it as absorbed by water vapor and greenhouse gases like Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4).

Microscopic water or greenhouse gases molecules turn into tiny heater when they absorb the energy radiating from the Earth’s surface-like the bricks in the fire they radiate even after the fire goes out and emitted radiation in all direction. That energy radiation back towards Earth heats both the lower

atmosphere and surface enhancing the heat. They are getting direct from sunlight and these radiations cause the warming of atmosphere.

The natural greenhouse effect is beneficial for life on Earth due to the absorption of heat by the atmosphere. If there were no greenhouse affects the Earth’s surface temperature would be a very chilly instead of comfortable that is today.

EARTHS ARTIFICAL GREENHOUSE EFFECT

Due to human activity the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere with increasing rate. Mostly by burning of fossil fuel but also deforestation on the land due to Industrialization began in 1750. CO2 have been increases 38% as 2009 and Methane level increases 148% in the atmosphere.

as 2009 and Methane level increases 148% in the atmosphere. Due to more concentration of greenhouse

Due to more concentration of greenhouse gases molecule more IR energy radiation emitted by the surface ends being absorb by the atmosphere. The extra energy from a warmer atmosphere radiates back down to the surface. Earth’s surface temperature rises by increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases we making Earth’s atmosphere a more efficient greenhouse.

WHICH GASES CAUSES GREENHOUSE EFFECTS?

The principal forcing greenhouse gases are:

1. Carbon dioxide (CO 2 )

2. Methane (CH 4 )

3. Nitrous oxide (N 2 O)

The main feedback greenhouse gas is Water vapor.

gases The main feedback greenhouse gas is Water vapor. Forcing greenhouse gases take many years to

Forcing greenhouse gases take many years to leave the atmosphere. CO 2 , CH 4 , N 2 O and the fluorinated gases are all well-mixed gases in the atmosphere. They do not react to changes in either temperature or air pressure and thus do not get removed easily like water that condenses to become rain or snow. Their long atmospheric lifetimes allow them to have a lasting effect on global warming and climate change.

Water vapor on the other hand has a residence time of a few days. It is a highly active component of the climate system that responds rapidly to changes in conditions by either condensing into rain or snow, or evaporating to return to the atmosphere. Thus the impact of the greenhouse effect is primarily circulated

through water vapor, and it acts as a fast feedback, accentuating the warming provided by the forcing greenhouse gases.

CO 2 and the other forcing greenhouse gases are the key gases within the Earth's atmosphere that sustain the greenhouse effect and control its strength. In fact, the greenhouse effect would collapse were it not for the presence of CO 2 and the other non-condensing greenhouse gases.

Greenhouse gases greatly affect the temperature of the Earth. Without them, surface temperatures would be on average about 32.5°C colder than the present average of 14.4°C (57.9°F),making life on Earth as we know it not possible. Greenhouse gases are not, inherently, a bad thing. But the growing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has been raising average temperatures around the world.

CO 2 , CH 4 and N 2 O are emitted to the atmosphere through natural processes as well as human activities (use of fossil fuels, industrial production, etc). The fluorinated gases on the other hand, are created and emitted almost exclusively through human activities.

Since the Industrial Revolution, which began in the 18th century, human activities have been a major source of all forcing greenhouse gases. Human activities have led to a sharp and dangerous increase of these gases within the Earth's atmosphere, so much so that the growth of all forcing greenhouse gas concentrations is now directly controlled by humans.

PRACTICAL APPROCACH FOR MINIMIZING EMITION OF GREENHOUSE GASES We want to minimize or stop the

PRACTICAL

APPROCACH

FOR

MINIMIZING

EMITION OF GREENHOUSE GASES

We want to minimize or stop the emitions of greenhouse by adopting following recommendation:

Replacing one regular light bulb with a compact flourescent light buld will save 150 pounds of carbon dioxide a year.

We can save 2,400 pounds of carbon dioxide per year by recycling just half of your household waste.

Keeping your tires inflated properly can improve your gas mileage by more than 3 percent. Every gallon of gasoline saved keeps 20 pounds of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere.

It takes a lot of energy to heat water. Use less hot water by taking shorter and cooler showers and washing your clothes in cold or warm instead of hot water (more than 500 pounds of CO2 saved per year).

You can save 1,200 pounds of carbon dioxide if you reduce your garbage by 10 percent.

Moving your thermostat down just 2 degrees in winter and up 2 degrees in summer could save about 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide a year.

A single tree will absorb one ton of carbon dioxide over its lifetime.

Simply turning off your television, DVD player, stereo and computer when you're not using them will save you thousands of pounds of carbon dioxide a year.

My approach Walk, bike, carpool or take mass transit more often. You'll save one pound of carbon dioxide for every mile you don't drive.