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{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Valve And Fittings Industry Inc (Mon Sep 29 18:43:082008)

1.SCOPE
1.1
This Standard Practice covers essential dimensions, finish, tolerances, testing, marking, material and
minimum strength requirements for 90 degree integrally reinforced forged branch outlet fittings of
buttwelding, socket welding and threaded types.

1.2
Fittings manufactured to this standard are designed to make a fully reinforced branch connection in
accordance with applicable piping code requirements, when attached, at an opening in a run pipe by
means of a full penetration weld.

1.3
Fittings may be made to special dimensions, size, shape, tolerances, or of other wrought material by
agreement between manufacturer and the purchaser.

2. SERVICE DESIGNATION
2.1
These fittings are designated by their size, type and c1ass, as shown in Table 1.

2.2
Design temperature and other service conditions shall be limited as provided by the applicable piping
code or regulation for the material of construction of the fitting. Within these limits the maximum
allowable pressure of a fitting shall be that computed for straight seamless run pipe of equivalent
material (as shown by comparison of composition and mechanical properties in the respective material
specifications). The wall thickness used in such computation shall be that tabulated in 836.1 Om for the
size and applicable schedule of pipe reduced by applicable manufacturing tolerances and other
allowances (e.g., threaded allowances).

2.3
Any corrosion allowance and any variation in allowable stress due to temperature or other design shall
be applied to the pipe and fitting alike. The pipe wall thickness corresponding to each Class of fitting
for rating purposes only is shown in Table 1.

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:472008)

TABLE 1

CORRELATIQN QF FIITINGS CLASS WITH SCHEDULE NUMBER OR

WALL DESIGNATION OF RUN PIPE FOR CALCULATION OF RATINGS

CLASS OF
FITTING
Standard
Extra Strong
Schedule 160

3000
6000

TYPE
Buttwelding
Buttwelding
Buttwelding
Threaded & Socketweld
Threaded & Socketweld

BRANCH
SIZE
NPS 1/8 -24
NPS 1/8 - 24
NPS 1/2 - 6
NPS 1/8-4
NPS 1/2-2

PIPE W ALL FOR


RATING BASls(a)
Standard
Extra Strong
Schedule 160
Extra Strong
Schedule 160

(a) Note: The use of run or branch pipe wall thicknesses either thinner or thicker than shown in Table I
constitutes a deviation from this standard and is provided for in Section 1.3.
TABLE 1 CORRELATION OF FITTINGS CLASS WITH SCHEDULE NUIVIBER OR WALL DESIGNATION OF
RUN PIPE FOR CALCULATION OF RATINGS

3.SIZE

3.1
The branch outlet sizes considered in this standard are shown in Table 1. Size on size fittings shall be
iimited to outlet sizes NPS 1/2 and larger.

3.2
The run (header) pipe size is limited only by the pipe size range listed for each type fitting c1ass.

3.3
The manufacturers have the option to consolidate run sizes fer a given branch size foreconomic
reasons, provided the designated consolidation gap distance between the run pipe radius and the
fitting inlet radius does not exceed 1/16" (1.6 mm) - See Figure 1.

4. MARKING

4.1
Each fitting shall be permanently marked with the required identification by raised lettering, and/or by
stamping, electro-etching or vibro tool.

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:472008)

4.2
The marking shall include (but it is not limited to) the following:
a) Manufacturer's name or trademark.
b) Materialldentification: The material shall be identified in accordance with the marking
requirements of ASTM Specifications, including Heat Identification.

c) Class: The Fitting Class - "STD" (Standard), "XS" (Extra Strong), "SCH 160" (Schedule 160),

"3000" or "6000". Alternatively the designation 3M or 6M, as applicable may be used where "M"

stands for 1,000.

d) Size: The nominal size of the pipe which the fitting's marking identifies - Run (or consolidated

range) t\lPS X Outlet NPS.

4.3
Where size and shape of fittings do not permit all of the above markings, they may be omitted in the
reverse arder given above.

5. MATERIAL

5.1
The material for fittings shall consist of forgings, bars, and seamless tubular products which conform
to the requirements for melting process, chemical composition requirements and mechanical property
requirements of the forging product form listed in Table 1, ANSI/ASME 816.34, including notes.

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Valve And Fittings Industry Inc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:472008)

1/16 MAX.
~====f=~s:=~c::=l=

[1/16 MAX.

(1 .6mm)

~:(====r (1.6mm)

Contour
Radius

Run Rodius

Run Radius

Contour

Radius

CROTCH GAP

SKIRT GAP

I Figure 1.

Fitting Consolidation Gap Allowance

Figure 1. Fitting Consolidation Gap Allowance

6. DESIGN AND DIMENSION

6.1
A run pipe having a branch connection is weakened by the opening made in it. The branch connection
must reinforce the opening and restore the original strength of the run pipe. It is the intent of this
standard that these integrally reinforced branch outlet fittings and the deposited weld metal used to
attach the fittings to run pipes contain all the reinforcement required by the applicable piping codes
without the addition of saddles or pads.

6.1.1
The adequacy of the design of branch connection fittings may be established by mathematical
analyses contained in pressLlre vessel or piping codes, or at thr::, manLlflclurcr's OpliCHI, hy prnnf
testing in accordance with Section 7 and Annex B. Records of design or proof tests shall be
available at the manufacturer's facility for inspection by the purchaser.

6.1.2
The Codes permit a variety of attachment welds for these fittings. Typical branch attachments are
shown in ASME B31.1 and B31.3.

6.1.3
{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:482008)

Fittings shall be contoured to provide a good fit at the opening in the run pipe. The run attachment
weld bevel angle design will vary with the size and type of fitting and the manufacturer The size of
the run opening is dependent on each manufacturer's specification.

6.2
Buttwelding end finish shall comply with the standard welding bevel and root face of ASME B16.25.

6.3
Threads in threaded fittings shall comply with ANS/lASNlE B1.20.1 requirements for NPT.

6.3.1
The minimum wall thickness at the root of the thread at the hand tight plane shall be equal or greater
than the nominal wall of the schedule pipe of the appropriate fitting class as shown in Table 1.

6.4
Socketweld fittings shall meet the minimum socket depth, minimum socket wall thickness and socket
diameter of ASNlE B16.11 of the appropriate class.

6.5
The contour weld bevel angle on the longitudinal section of the fittings shall be a mnimum of 35
degrees. The weld bevel angle on the transverse section of the fitting is based on the manufacturer's
standard practice.

7. TESTS
7.1
Hydrostatic testing of wrought fittings is not required in this standard. AII fittings shall be capable of
withstanding, without leakage or impairment of serviceability, a pressure equal to that prescribed in the
applicable code or regulation for seamless pipe of equivalent material and schedule listed in Table 1.

7.2
Proof testing is not required, but when performed to meet the requirements of 6.1.1 shall be

conducted in accordance with Annex B.

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:482008)

TABLE 2. BRANCH OUTLET HEIGHT - BUTTWELDING, CUSTOMARY UNITS

T
A

",N' (FACE OF FITTING TO CROTCH)

OUTLET
NPS

STANDARD
REDUCING

1/8

1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1-1/4
1-1/2
2
2-1/2
3
3-1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
>---

_._

.62
.62
.75
.75
.88
1.06
1.25
1.31
1.50
1.62
1.75
1.88
2.00
2.25
2.38
2.75
3.06
3,38
3.50
3.69
3.81
4.00
4.56

Dimensions In Inches
ToIerances: 1/8 - 3/4 0.03/1
0.06/1
1- 4
5 - 12 0.12/1
14 - 24 0.19/1

EXTRASTRONG

SCHEDULE 160

FULL

REDUCING

FULL

REDUCING

FULL

.75
.88
1.06
1.25
1.31
1.50
1.62
1.75
2.00
2.00
2.25
2.38
2.75
3.06
3.38
3.50
3.69
4.06
4.62
5.38

.62
.62
.75
.75
.88
1.06
1.25
1.31
1.50
1.62
1.75
1.88
2.00
2.25
3.06
3.88
3.69
4.06
3.94
4.18
4.38
4.69
5.50

.75
.88
1.06
1.25
1.31
1.50
1.62
1.75
2.00
2.00
2.25
3.06
3.88
3.50
3.94
4.12
4.44
4.69
5.00
5.50

1.12
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.18
2.44
2.88

1.12
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.18
2.44
2.88

3.31
3.69
4.12

3.31
3.69
4.12

..

TABLE 2.

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:482008)

BRANCH OUTLET HEIGHT - BUTTWELDING, CUSTOMARY UNITS

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:482008)

I TABLE 3.

BRANCH QUTLET HEIGHT - THREADED, C\JSTOMARy uNris'


NPT THREADS PER 81.20.1

A NOM.

"A" (FACE OF
FITTING TO CROTCH)
OUTLET
NPS

]/8

1/4
3/8
112
3/4
1
1-114
1-112

2
2-112

THREADED

3000

6000

.75
.75
.81
1.00
1.06
1.3 I
1.31
1.38
1.50
1.81
2.00
2.25

1.25
1.44
1.56
1.62
1.69
2.06

.,.

Dimensions In Inches
Tolerances: l/8 - 3/4 0.03"
1-4
0.06"

TABLE 3. BRANCH

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings Industry Inc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:49 2008)

OUTLET HEIGHT - THREADED, CUSTOMARY UNITS

TABLE 4. BRANCH OUTLET - SOCKE1WELDING, CUSTOMARY UNITS

1
B
-I-_~"""-+-_

I
I

L-

OUTLET
NPS

0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.50

3000
0.41
0.41
0.50
0.63
0.63

0.50

O.RR
--_
........

1-1/4
1-1/2
2
2-1/2

0.50
0.50
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.75

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4

3
4
(a)

"c" MAX.

"B"

MIN.(a)

6000

0.94
1.00
.......

O.Hg
0.94
0.94
1.00
1.19
1.19

1.13
1.19
1.25
1.44

Note: "B" Socket mnimum depths per ASME BI6.11


TABLE

4 BRANCH OUTLET - SOCKETWELDING, CUSTOMARY UNITS

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Valve And Fittings Industry Inc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:49 2008)

ANNEX A

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Valve And Fittings Industry Inc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:492008)

l'ABLE A2. BRANCH QUTLET HEIGHT - BUTTWELDING, METRIC UNITS

"N' (FACE OF FITTING 1'0 CROTCH)

OUTLET
DN

OUTLET
NPS

STANDARD
REDUCING

6
8

1/8
1/4

10
15

3/8

]12
3/4

20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125

3-112
4
5

SO

1
1-1/4
1-112
2
2-112
3

200
8
250
10
300
12
350
14
400
16
18 .
450
500
20
600
24
lJlmensions In Millimeters
Tolerances: 1/8 - 3/4

1- 4
5 -12
14 24

16
6
19
]9
22
27
32
33
38
41
44
48
51
57
60
70
78
86
89
94
97
102
116

FULL

19
22
27

32
33
38
41
44
51
51
57
60
70
78
86
89
94
103
117
137

EXTRASTRONG
REDUCING

FULL

16
16
19
19
22
27
32
33
38
41
44
48
51
57

22
27
30
32
38
41

78

99
94
103
100
106
111
119
140

19

44
51
51
57
78
99
89
100
105
113
I19
127
140

SCHEDULE 160
REDUCING

FULL

28
32
38
44
51

28
32
38
44
51
55
62
73

55

62
73

84
94

84
94

lO.)

lOS

0.8mm
1.6mm
3.2mm
4.8mm

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18.45:49 2008)

TABL

l'ABLE A2. BRANCH OUTLET HEIGHT - BUITWELDlNG, METRIC UNITS

"N' (FACE OF FITTING 1'0 CROTCH)

OUTLET
DN

OUTLET
NPS

STANDARD
REDUCING

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4

6
8
10

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100

125
150
200
250
300
350
400

450
500
600

1-1/4
1-1/2
2
2-1/2
3
3-1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

Dlmensions In Millimeters
Tolerances: 1/8 - 3/4
1-4

5 -12
14 24

16
16
19
19
22
27
32
33
38
41
44
48
51
57
60
70
78
86
89
94
97
102
116

FULL

19
22
27
32
33
38
41

44
51
51
57
60
70
78
86
89
94
103
117
i37

EXTRASTRONG

SCHEDULE 160

REDUCING

FULL

REDUCING

FULL

16
16
19
19
22
27
32
33
38
41
44
48
51
57

19
22
27
30
32
38
41
44
51
51
57

28
32
38
44
51
55
62
73

28
32
38
44
51
55
62
73

78

78

99
94
103
100

99
89
100
105
113
119
127
140

106

111
119
140

84
94
105

84
94
105

0.8mm

1.6mm
3.2mm
4.8mm

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Valve And Fitlings Industry Inc (Mon Sep 29 18:43:082008)

E A2. BRANCH OUTLET HEIGHT - BUTTWELDING, METRIC UNITS

TABLE A3. BRANCH


, OUTLET HEIGHT - THREADED, METRIC UNITS
NPT THREADS PER 81.20.1

A NOM.

"A" (FACEOF
FITTING TO CROTCH)
OUTLET
DN

OUTLET

THREADED

NPS

3000
118
114
3/8
112
3/4

8
10
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100

1-114
1-112
2

2-]12
3
4

6000

]9
]9
2]
25
27
33
33
35
38
46
5]
57

32
37
40
4]
43
52

Dimensions In Millimeters
Tolerances: 118 - 3/4 O.8mm
] -4
1.6mm
TABLE A3.
BRANCH OUTLET HEIGHT - THREADED, METRIC UNITS

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)

TABLE A4. BRANCH OUTLET - SOCKETWELDING, METRIC UNITS

-i----+- L

I
_

1
I

OUTLET
DN
6
8

10
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100

"C" MAX.

OUTLET
NPS

'''B''
MIN.(a)

3000

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4

10
10

10
10

10
10

13
16
16
22
22
24
24
25

1
1-1/4
1-1/2
2
2-1/2
3
4

13

13
13
13
16
16
16
19

6000

24
25
29
30
32
37

30
30

(a) Note: "B" Socket minimum depths per ASME B16.11


TABLE A4.
BRANCH OUTLET - SOCKETWELDING, METRIC UNITS

ANNEX 8 DESIGN PROOF TEST


{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)

::; nominal run pipe wall thickness, inches.

::; specified outside diameter of the run pipe, inches.

83.
It is not necessary to conduct an individual test of fittings in all combinations of sizes, wall thickness,
and pressure class. A successful proof test on one prototype fitting may represent other similarly
proportioned fittings to the extent described herein.

83.1
A successful test on a full size fitting may be used to qualify other full sized fittings no smaller than
one-half nor larger than two-times the size of the test fitting.

83.2
A successful test on a reducing fitting qualifies:

83.2.1
AII similar fittings of the same branch pipe size which fit larger run pipes than the test fitting.

83.2.2
AII similar fittings with a branch pipe size no smaller than one-half nor larger than two times the
test fitting provided the run pipe to branch pipe size ratio is equal to or greater than the test fitting.

83.3
The untested fitting must have a branch pipe UD ratio not less than one-half nor more than three
times the test fitting pressuro c1ass.

83.4
Proof tests which have been conducted prior to the issuance of this standard, and which are
equivalent to the above requirements, shall be considered as fulfilling the requirements of this
standard provided they are adequately documented.

ANNEX C REFERENCED STANDARDS


ANSI/ASME 81.20.1 1983 (R 1992) - Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)

ANSI/ASME 816.34 1988 - Valves - Flanged, Threaded and Welding End

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)

ANSI/ASME 836.1 Om 1985 - Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe


ASME B16.11 1991 - Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
ASIVIE B16.25 1992 - Buttwelding Ends
ASME B31.1 1992 - Power Piping
ASME B31.3 1993 - Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping
Publications of the following organizations appear on the above list:
ASME
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
345 East 47th Street, New York, New York 10017
Publications appearing above which have been approved as American National Standards may also be
obtained from:
ANSI
American National Standards Institute, Inc.
11 West 42nd Street, New York, New York 10036
L15T DF M55 5TANDARD PRACTICE5
NUMBER
SP- 6-1990

Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges

SP- 9-1992
SP-25-1993

and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings


Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron and Steel Flanges
Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges

SP-42-1990 (R 1995)

and Unions
Class 150 Corros ion Resistant Gate, Globe, Angle

SP 43 1991
SP-44-1991
SP-45-1992
SP-51-1991 (R 1995)

and Check Valves with Flanged and Butt Weld Ends


Wrought StoinlcGG Stccl Butt Wolding Fittings
Steel Pipe Line Flanges
Bypass and Drain Connections
Clr.l~~ 150 LW Corrosion Resistant Cast Flanges and

SP-53-1995

Flanged Fittings
Ouality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for
Valves, Flanges, and Fittings and Qther Piping

SP-54-1995

Components - Magnetic Particle Examination Method


Ouality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves,
Flanges and Fittings and Qther Piping Components

SP-55-1985 (R 1990)

Radiographic Examination Method


Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves,

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)

Flanges and Fittings and Other Piping Components


SP-58~1993

Visual Method

Pipe Hangers and Supports - Materials, Design and

SP-60-1991

ManLJfacture

Connecting Flange Joint Between Tapping Sleeves

SP-61-1992

SP-65-1994

and Tapping Valves

Pressure Testing of Steel Valves

High Pressure Chemical Industry Flanges and

SP-67-1990

SP-68-1988

SP-69-1991

Threaded Stubs for Use with Lens Gaskets

Butterfly Valves

High Pressure-Offset Seat Butterfly Valves

Pipe Hangers and Supports - Selection and

SP-70-1990

SP-71-1990

Application
Cast Iron Gate Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends
Cast Iron Swing Check Valves, Flanged and Threaded

SP-72-1992

Ends
Ball Valves with Flanged or Butt-Welding Ends for

SP-73-1991

General Service

Brazing Joints for Wrought and Cast Copper Alloy

SP-75-1993

Solder Joint Pressure Fittings

Specifications for High Test Wrought Butt Welding

SP-77-1984 (R 1990)

SP-78-1987 (R 1992)

SP-79-1992

SP-80-1987

SP-81-1981 (R 1986, 91)

Fittings

Guidelines for Pipe Support Contractual Relationships

Cast lron Plug Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends

Socket-Welding Reducer Inserts

Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle and Check Valves

Stainless Steel, Bonnetless, Flanged Knife Gate

SP-82-1992

SP-83-1987

SP84-1990

SP-85-1994

Valves

Valve Pressure Testing Methods

Steel Pipe Unions, Socket-Welding and Threaded

Valves - Socket-Welding and Threaded Ends

Cast lron Globe & Angle Valves, Flanged and

SP-86-1987 (R 1992)

Threaded Ends

Guidelines for Metric Data in Standards for Valves,

SP-87-1991

Flanges, Fittings and Actuators

Factory-Made Butt-Welding Fittings for Class I

SP-88-1993
SP-89-1991

Nuclear Piping Applications

Diaphragm Type Valves

Pipe Hangers and Supports - Fabrication and

SP-90-1986 (R 1991)

Installation Practices

Guidelines on Terminology for Pipe Hangers and

SP-91-1992
SP-92-1987 (R 1992)
SP-93-1987 (R 1992)

Supports

Guidelines for Manual Operation of Valves

MSS Valve User Guide

Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for

Valves, Flanges, and Fittings and Other Piping

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Valve Ana Fittings Industry Inc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)

SP-94-1992

Components - Liquid Penetrant Examination Method


Quality Standard for Ferritic and Martensitic Steel
Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Fittings and Other

SP-95-1986 (R 1991)
SP-96-1991
SP-97-1995

Piping Components - Ultrasonic Examination Method


Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs
Guidelines on Terminology for Valves and Fittings
Forged Carbon Steel Branch Outlet Fittings - Socket

SP-98-1992

Welding, Threaded and Buttwelding Ends

Protective Coatings for the Interior of Valves and

SP-99-1994

SP-100-1988

Hydrants
Instrument Valves
Qualification Requirements for Elastomer Diaphragms

SP-11-1989

for Nuclear Service Diaphragm Type Valves

Part-Turn Valve Actuator Attachment - Flange and

Driving Component Dimensions and Performance

SP-102-1989

Characteristics

Multi-Turn Valve Actuator Attachment - Flange and

Driving Component Dimensions and Performance

SP-103-1995

Characteristics

Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Insert Fittings for

SP-104-1995
SP-105-1990
SP-106-1990

Polybutylene Systems

Wrought Copper Solder Joint Pressure Fittings

Instrument Valves for Code Applications

Cast Copper Alloy Flanges and Flanged Fittings,

SP-107-1991

Class 125, 150 and 300

Transition Union Fittings for Joining Metal and Plastic

SP-108-1991
SP-109-1991

Products

Resllient Seated-Eccentric Cast Iron Plug Valves

Welded Fabricated Copper Sodder Joint Pressure

SP-110-1992

Fittings

Ball Valves Threaded, Socket-Welding, Solder Joint,

SP-111-1992
SP-112-1993

Grooved and Flared Ends

Gray-Iron and Ductile-Iron Tapping Sleeves

Quality Standard for Evaluation of Cast Surface

Flnlshes - ViSIJAI And TAr.tile Mp.thod This SP mlJst hp.

sold with a 10-surface, three-dimensional Cast

Surface Comparator, which is a necessary part of the

Standard. Additional comparators may be sold

SP-113-1994

separately.

Connecting Joint between Tapping Machines and

Tapping Valves

R-Year - Indicates year standard reaffirmed without substantive change.


{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)

Prices available l,Ipon request.

A large number of former I\IISS Practices have been approved by the ANSI as ANSI Standards,

published by others. In order to maintain a single source of authoritative information, the MSS

withdraws its Standard Practices in such cases.

MANUFACTURERS STANOAROIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE ANO FITTINGS INDUSTRY, INC.

127 PARK STREET, N.E.


VIENNA, VIRGINIA 22180

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardization Society Of The Va/ve And Fittings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)

81.
Proof tests shall be made as set forth herein as evidence of the adequacy Qf branch connections
employing these outlet fittings.

82. Proof Test Procedure


82.1
Fittings, representative of production, selected for test shall be identified as to material, grade, and
pressure c1ass. They shall be inspected for dimensional compliance to this standard.

82.2
Run and branch pipe sections, assembled with a fitting for test shall be of equivalent material to the
fitting and shall have nominal wall thicknesses corresponding to the fitting in accordance with Table
1, and shall meet all requirements of the pipe specification.

82.3
The test branch outlet fitting shall be welded to the run pipe. The diameter of the branch opening in
the run pipe shall not be less than the inside diameter of the branch pipe. The length of run pipe on
either side of the weld intersection shall be at least twice the pipe outside diameter or a suitable
length to ensure the reinforcing effect of the weld does not affect the proof test. The branch outlet
pipe extension shall have a length at least twice its diameter. The run pipe shall have a bursting
strength at least as great as the computed proof test pressure as calculated in B2.4.

82.4
Hydrostatic pressure shall be applied to the assembly. The test is successful if the assembly

2St
D

stands, without rupture, 105% of the computed proof test pressure defined below:
where

= Proof Test Pressure (psig)

= the actual tensile strength of the run pipe to be


used, psi, (determined on a specimen representative
of the pipe).

{SP-97] Copyright by Manufacturers Standardizalion Society Of The Va/ve And Fitlings /ndustry /nc (Mon Sep 29 18:45:502008)