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Months of the Year

L E N G T H & A B B R E V I AT I O N S
3 Simple Rules for Month Abbreviations

1. Only months with ve or more letters are abbreviated.


2. For most months, use the rst three letters of the month as the abbreviation.
3. For September, use the rst four letters as the abbreviation.

NUMBER ABBREVIATION

LENGTH

J A N U A RY

F E B R U A RY

MAR CH

APR IL

M AY

JUNE

J U LY

31

AUG UST

31

SEPT EMBER

10

OCT OBER

11

NOV EMBER

12

DEC EMBER

31
28

29 days in
Leap Years

31
30
31
30

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

30
31
30
31

Remembering the

Lengths of Each Month


1

With a Rhyme

Instead of memorizing the lengths of all twelve months, you might nd it


easier to memorize just the four months that have only 30 days. Youd then
know automatically that all the other monthsexcept for Februaryhave
31 days.
Here are the rst two lines of an old rhyme to help you remember the
months that have only 30 days.

Thirty days hath September,


April, June and November.

With Your Knuckles

Another way to remember the number of days in each month is by reciting


the months of the year while counting your knuckles. Each mountain (the
tall part of the knuckle) is 31 days, and each valley between the mountains
is 30 days (except of course for February which is 28 or 29 days).
See the diagram below to see how it works. Notice that consecutive months
July & August are right next to each other on mountain knuckles, so each
would have 31 days.
On the diagram, the orange circles are on the mountain knuckles (31 days),
and the white circles are on the valley knuckles (30 or fewer days).
31

31

SEPTEMBER

DECE B
M
ER
NOVEM
BER
OCTOBER

31

AUGUST

A
JANU

JUNE

31

31

JULY

31

MAY
APRIL
MARCH
ARY
FEBRU
RY

31

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

Seasons of the Year


N O RT H E R N H E M I S P H E R E
12

DECEMBER

JANUARY

FEBRUARY

MARCH

APRIL

MAY

JUNE
JULY
AUGUST

7
8

WINTER
SPRING/VERNAL
EQUINOX

SPRING
SUMMER
SOLSTICE

SUMMER

10

SEPTEMBER
OCTOBER

11

NOVEMBER

WINTER
SOLSTICE

AUTUMNAL
EQUINOX

FALL (AUTUMN)

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

Seasons of the Year


SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
12

DECEMBER

JANUARY

FEBRUARY

MARCH

APRIL

MAY

6
7

JUNE
JULY

AUGUST

SEPTEMBER

10

OCTOBER

11

NOVEMBER

SUMMER
SOLSTICE

SUMMER
AUTUMNAL
EQUINOX

FALL (AUTUMN)
WINTER
SOLSTICE

WINTER
SPRING/VERNAL
EQUINOX

SPRING

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

Days & Years


Year

Day

1 Revolution = 365 1/4 Days

1 Rotation = 24 Hours
January 1

SOLSTICE

most UNEQUAL day/night


in both hemispheres

EQUINOX

DECEMBER

almost EQUAL day/night


in both hemispheres

MARCH

SEPTEMBER

JUNE

EQUINOX

almost EQUAL day/night


in both hemispheres

SOLSTICE

most UNEQUAL day/night


in both hemispheres

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

Why Leap Years?


In a normal calendar year, February has 28 days, and all the other months have either 30 or
31 days, for a total of 365 days. But every four years we have a Leap Year where February
gets an extra day and is 29 days long instead of 28. Why do we do this?
A Leap Year is our way of correcting the difference between our calendar year and the
actual time it takes the Earth to travel around the sun. It would be convenient if it took
exactly 365 rotations of the Earth (365 days) to complete one trip around the sun, but that is
not the case. The Earth actually takes a little bit more than 365 revolutions (days) to travel
completely around the sunit takes 365 and 1/4 days.
That means that in a normal 365-day calendar year, on January 1 the Earth is at a particular
point on its orbit around the sun, but by the time it makes it back to January 1 again, the
Earth hasnt traveled back to its original starting point (see the diagram below). Since it
takes 365 1/4 days for the Earth to travel around the sun, after just 365 daysour normal
calendar yearthe Earth is still 6 hours away from its original starting point.
So each year in which we count only 365 days, the Earth
falls another 1/4 rotation6 hoursbehind its original
starting point in orbit around the sun. If this were to go on
for a long timesay for 365 yearsthe Earth would be over
90 days behind in its orbit (see the diagram).
That means months that used to
occur in winter would now happen in
the fall!
To prevent this problem of January 1
falling earlier and earlier in the
seasons, every four yearsevery
Leap Yearwe add one day to our
calendar year by giving February 29
days instead of 28. Since the Earth
would have gotten a full day behind
after just four years, this additional
day in the calendar year gives Earth
the extra full day it needs to travel
the rest of the way around the sun
and get back to the point in orbit
where it started four years before.

Year 1
January 1

MARCH

Year 2
January 1

DECEMBER

Year 365
January 1

without
Leap Years!

SEPTEMBER

JUNE

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

print double-sided with next page

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All right reserved. For personal use only.

print double-sided with previous page

10

12

11

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

single-sided

1
4
7
10

2
5
8
11

3
6
9
12

winter

spring

summer

fall

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

30

single-sided

days

31

28

equinox

days (usually)

days

solstice
How to Use the Flashcards

The double-sided ashcards can be used for self-study. (The month is on one side
and the number for that month is on the other.)
The cards can also be used for matching and sorting. Here are some suggested
activities, but you dont have to limit yourself to just these:
1. Scatter the month cards on the oor and have your child place the
appropriate numbers on each month.
2. Sort the months into their seasons.
3. Match up equinox/solstice with their corresponding seasons.
4. Sort the months with the correct lengths.
5. Practice putting all the months in order, or randomly draw just three or four
months at a time and put them in order.

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

Month Number Practice 1


Directions: When given the month name, ll in the corresponding number.
When given the month number, ll in the corresponding month name.

JanuaryApril

MayAugust

SeptemberDecember

APR ________

1 ____________

AUG ________

6 ____________

DEC ________

MAR ________

4 ____________

JULY ________

8 ____________

NOV ________

12 ____________

FEB

________

2 ____________

JUNE ________

7 ____________

OCT

________

10 ____________

JAN ________

4 ____________

MAY ________

5 ____________

SEPT ________

12 ____________

APR ________

3 ____________

AUG ________

8 ____________

DEC ________

11 ____________

JAN ________

1 ____________

MAY ________

6 ____________

SEPT ________

MAR ________

4 ____________

JULY ________

5 ____________

NOV ________

12 ____________

APR ________

2 ____________

AUG ________

8 ____________

DEC ________

____________

FEB

________

1 ____________

JUNE ________

7 ____________

OCT

____________

JAN ________

4 ____________

MAY ________

8 ____________

SEPT ________

12 ____________

MAR ________

3 ____________

JULY ________

6 ____________

NOV ________

11 ____________

JAN ________

4 ____________

MAY ________

5 ____________

SEPT ________

12 ____________

APR ________

2 ____________

AUG ________

8 ____________

DEC ________

10 ____________

FEB

________

1 ____________

JUNE ________

7 ____________

OCT

APR ________

4 ____________

AUG ________

6 ____________

DEC ________

12 ____________

MAR ________

3 ____________

JULY ________

5 ____________

NOV ________

11 ____________

JAN ________

2 ____________

MAY ________

8 ____________

SEPT ________

10 ____________

APR ________

1 ____________

AUG ________

5 ____________

DEC ________

FEB

________

4 ____________

JUNE ________

7 ____________

OCT

12 ____________

JAN ________

1 ____________

MAY ________

8 ____________

SEPT ________

APR ________

3 ____________

AUG ________

6 ____________

DEC ________

11 ____________

MAR ________

4 ____________

JULY ________

5 ____________

NOV ________

12 ____________

APR ________

2 ____________

AUG ________

7 ____________

DEC ________

10 ____________

FEB

________

1 ____________

JUNE ________

5 ____________

OCT

JAN ________

3 ____________

MAY ________

8 ____________

SEPT ________

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

________

________

________

________

____________

____________

____________

____________
____________

____________

11 ____________

Month Number Practice 2


Directions: When given the month name, ll in the corresponding number.
When given the month number, ll in the corresponding month name.

JanuaryJune

JulyDecember

6
JanuaryDecember

JUNE ________

6 ____________

DEC

________

____________

NOV

________

____________

APR

________

4 ____________

OCT

________

____________

MAY

________

____________

MAR

________

2 ____________

AUG

________

11 ____________

FEB

________

10 ____________

FEB

________

3 ____________

DEC

________

____________

OCT

________

____________

APR

________

5 ____________

SEPT

________

10 ____________

APR

________

____________

MAY

________

4 ____________

DEC

________

12 ____________

AUG

________

____________

FEB

________

2 ____________

JULY

________

JUNE ________

11 ____________

JAN

________

3 ____________

AUG

________

11 ____________

MAR

________

____________

JUNE ________

5 ____________

NOV

________

SEPT

________

____________

APR

________

4 ____________

AUG

________

10 ____________

JAN

________

____________

FEB

________

6 ____________

OCT

________

12 ____________

JULY

________

____________

MAR

________

3 ____________

DEC

________

____________

MAR

________

____________

MAY

________

5 ____________

NOV

________

11 ____________

DEC

________

12 ____________

APR

________

4 ____________

SEPT

________

____________

FEB

________

____________

FEB

________

2 ____________

JULY

________

____________

JUNE ________

____________

MAR

________

6 ____________

OCT

________

12 ____________

NOV

________

____________

JAN

________

1 ____________

DEC

________

10 ____________

JULY

________

____________

APR

________

5 ____________

JULY

________

____________

APR

________

11 ____________

JUNE ________

6 ____________

AUG

________

11 ____________

FEB

________

____________

MAR

________

2 ____________

JULY

________

____________

MAY

________

____________

JAN

________

4 ____________

SEPT

________

12 ____________

OCT

________

____________

APR

________

3 ____________

NOV

________

10 ____________

JUNE ________

____________

FEB

________

1 ____________

DEC

________

____________

SEPT

________

____________

JUNE ________

5 ____________

JULY

________

____________

DEC

________

10 ____________

JAN

3 ____________

OCT

________

11 ____________

________

____________
____________

JUNE ________

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

____________

Month Length & Order Practice


Directions: For #7, ll in the number of days for the month indicated.
For #8-10, ll in the month name that either precedes or follows the month given.

10

JULYDEC

JANDEC

NOV

________

DEC

________

JANJUNE

MAY

________

FEB

________

____________ JUNE

____________ DEC

____________ FEB

FEB

________

JUNE ________

APR ____________

SEPT____________

____________ JUNE

OCT

________

NOV

________

____________ MAR

____________ AUG

SEPT____________

APR

________

JULY

________

MAR ____________

OCT ____________

APR ____________

AUG

________

APR

________

____________ JUN

____________ SEPT

____________ OCT

JUNE ________

FEB

________

JAN ____________

OCT ____________

____________ MAR

MAR

________

MAY

________

____________ APR

____________ AUG

JULY____________

SEPT

________

OCT

________

APR ____________

NOV ____________

DEC____________

JAN

________

JUNE ________

MAR ____________

AUG____________

____________ SEPT

JULY

________

SEPT

________

____________ JUNE

____________ DEC

____________ APR

MAR

________

DEC

________

JAN ____________

OCT ____________

OCT ____________

DEC

________

JUNE ________

____________ MAR

____________ JULY

MAY ____________

FEB

________

NOV

________

APR ____________

SEPT____________

____________ NOV

JUNE ________

MAY

________

____________ MAR

____________ AUG

____________ AUG

NOV

________

FEB

________

____________ JUNE

DEC ____________

JUNE ____________

JULY

________

OCT

________

APR ____________

JULY ____________

JAN _____________

APR

________

APR

________

____________ JUNE

____________ DEC

NOV ____________

FEB

________

AUG

________

APR ____________

SEPT____________

FEB ____________

MAY

________

JUNE ________

____________ MAR

____________ AUG

____________ DEC

OCT

________

MAR

________

JAN ____________

OCT ____________

MAR____________

JUNE ________

SEPT

________

____________ APR

____________ SEPT

____________ JULY

SEPT

________

JAN

________

MAY ____________

OCT ____________

AUG ____________

DEC

________

JULY

________

____________ FEB

____________ JULY

____________ JAN

JUNE ________

MAR

________

APR ____________

NOV ____________

____________ MAY

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

Month Number Practice 1


Directions: When given the month name, ll in the corresponding number.
When given the month number, ll in the corresponding month name.

JanuaryApril

MayAugust

SeptemberDecember

8
AUG ________

JUNE
6 ____________

12
DEC ________

APR
4 ____________

7
JULY ________

AUG
8 ____________

11
NOV ________

DEC
12 ____________

2
________

FEB
2 ____________

6
JUNE ________

JULY
7 ____________

OCT

10
________

OCT
10 ____________

APR
4 ____________

5
MAY ________

MAY
5 ____________

9
SEPT ________

DEC
12 ____________

4
APR ________

MAR
3 ____________

8
AUG ________

AUG
8 ____________

12
DEC ________

NOV
11 ____________

1
JAN ________

JAN
1 ____________

5
MAY ________

JUNE
6 ____________

9
SEPT ________

3
MAR ________

APR
4 ____________

7
JULY ________

MAY
5 ____________

11
NOV ________

DEC
12 ____________

4
APR ________

FEB
2 ____________

8
AUG ________

AUG
8 ____________

12
DEC ________

AUG
____________

2
________

JAN
1 ____________

6
JUNE ________

JULY
7 ____________

OCT

10
________

SEPT
____________

1
JAN ________

APR
4 ____________

5
MAY ________

AUG
8 ____________

9
SEPT ________

DEC
12 ____________

3
MAR ________

MAR
3 ____________

7
JULY ________

JUNE
6 ____________

11
NOV ________

NOV
11 ____________

1
JAN ________

APR
4 ____________

5
MAY ________

MAY
5 ____________

9
SEPT ________

DEC
12 ____________

4
APR ________

FEB
2 ____________

8
AUG ________

AUG
8 ____________

12
DEC ________

OCT
10 ____________

2
________

JAN
1 ____________

6
JUNE ________

JULY
7 ____________

OCT

4
APR ________

APR
4 ____________

8
AUG ________

JUNE
6 ____________

12
DEC ________

DEC
12 ____________

3
MAR ________

MAR
3 ____________

7
JULY ________

MAY
5 ____________

11
NOV ________

NOV
11 ____________

1
JAN ________

FEB
2 ____________

5
MAY ________

AUG
8 ____________

9
SEPT ________

OCT
10 ____________

4
APR ________

JAN
1 ____________

8
AUG ________

MAY
5 ____________

12
DEC ________

2
________

APR
4 ____________

6
JUNE ________

JULY
7 ____________

OCT

1
JAN ________

JAN
1 ____________

5
MAY ________

AUG
8 ____________

9
SEPT ________

4
APR ________

MAR
3 ____________

8
AUG ________

JUNE
6 ____________

12
DEC ________

NOV
11 ____________

3
MAR ________

APR
4 ____________

7
JULY ________

MAY
5 ____________

11
NOV ________

DEC
12 ____________

4
APR ________

FEB
2 ____________

8
AUG ________

JULY
7 ____________

12
DEC ________

OCT
10 ____________

2
________

JAN
1 ____________

6
JUNE ________

MAY
5 ____________

OCT

1
JAN ________

MAR
3 ____________

5
MAY ________

AUG
8 ____________

9
SEPT ________

4
APR ________

JAN
1 ____________

3
MAR ________
FEB

1
JAN ________

FEB

FEB

FEB

FEB

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

10
________

10
________

10
________

SEPT
____________

SEPT
____________

SEPT
____________

SEPT
____________

DEC
12 ____________

SEPT
____________

SEPT
____________

NOV
11 ____________

Month Number Practice 2


Directions: When given the month name, ll in the corresponding number.
When given the month number, ll in the corresponding month name.

JanuaryJune

JulyDecember

6
JanuaryDecember

6
JUNE ________

JUNE
6 ____________

DEC

12
________

JULY
____________

NOV

11
________

MAR
____________

APR

4
________

APR
4 ____________

OCT

10
________

AUG
____________

MAY

5
________

JUNE
____________

MAR

3
________

FEB
2 ____________

AUG

8
________

NOV
11 ____________

FEB

2
________

OCT
10 ____________

FEB

2
________

MAR
3 ____________

DEC

12
________

AUG
____________

OCT

10
________

FEB
____________

APR

4
________

MAY
5 ____________

SEPT

9
________

OCT
10 ____________

APR

4
________

JULY
____________

MAY

5
________

APR
4 ____________

DEC

12
________

DEC
12 ____________

AUG

8
________

APR
____________

FEB

2
________

FEB
2 ____________

JULY

7
________

JAN

1
________

MAR
3 ____________

AUG

8
________

NOV
11 ____________

MAR

3
________

MAR
____________

6
JUNE ________

MAY
5 ____________

NOV

11
________

JULY
____________

SEPT

9
________

MAY
____________

APR

4
________

APR
4 ____________

AUG

8
________

OCT
10 ____________

JAN

1
________

SEPT
____________

FEB

2
________

JUNE
6 ____________

OCT

10
________

DEC
12 ____________

JULY

7
________

JAN
____________

MAR

3
________

MAR
3 ____________

DEC

12
________

AUG
____________

MAR

3
________

AUG
____________

MAY

5
________

MAY
5 ____________

NOV

11
________

NOV
11 ____________

DEC

12
________

DEC
12 ____________

APR

4
________

APR
4 ____________

SEPT

9
________

JULY
____________

FEB

2
________

JUNE
____________

FEB

2
________

FEB
2 ____________

JULY

7
________

SEPT
____________

6
JUNE ________

APR
____________

MAR

3
________

JUNE
6 ____________

OCT

10
________

DEC
12 ____________

NOV

11
________

MAR
____________

JAN

1
________

JAN
1 ____________

DEC

12
________

OCT
10 ____________

JULY

7
________

SEPT
____________

APR

4
________

MAY
5 ____________

JULY

7
________

JULY
____________

APR

4
________

NOV
11 ____________

6
JUNE ________

JUNE
6 ____________

AUG

8
________

NOV
11 ____________

FEB

2
________

JULY
____________

MAR

3
________

FEB
2 ____________

JULY

7
________

AUG
____________

MAY

5
________

MAR
____________

JAN

1
________

APR
4 ____________

SEPT

9
________

DEC
12 ____________

OCT

10
________

FEB
____________

APR

4
________

MAR
3 ____________

NOV

11
________

OCT
10 ____________

6
JUNE ________

MAY
____________

FEB

2
________

JAN
1 ____________

DEC

12
________

JULY
____________

SEPT

9
________

SEPT
____________

6
JUNE ________

MAY
5 ____________

JULY

7
________

SEPT
____________

DEC

12
________

OCT
10 ____________

1
________

MAR
3 ____________

OCT

10
________

NOV
11 ____________

JAN

SEPT
____________

6
JUNE ________

6
JUNE ________

2013 Joy A. Miller, FiveJs.com. All rights reserved. For personal use only.

NOV
11 ____________

AUG
____________

Month Length & Order Practice


Directions: For #7, ll in the number of days for the month indicated.
For #8-10, ll in the month name that either precedes or follows the month given.

7
NOV
MAY
FEB
OCT
APR
AUG

30
________
31
________
28
________
31
________
30
________
31
________

30
JUNE ________
MAR
SEPT
JAN
JULY
MAR
DEC
FEB

31
________
30
________
31
________
31
________
31
________
31
________
28
________

30
JUNE ________
NOV
JULY
APR
FEB
MAY
OCT

30
________
31
________
30
________
28
________
31
________
31
________

30
JUNE ________
SEPT
DEC

30
________
31
________

30
JUNE ________

DEC

31
________

10

JANJUNE

JULYDEC

JANDEC

FEB

28
________

MAY JUNE
____________

NOV DEC
____________

JAN FEB
____________

MAY
APR ____________

OCT
SEPT____________

MAY JUNE
____________

NOV

30
________

FEB MAR
____________

JULY AUG
____________

OCT
SEPT____________

31
________

APR
MAR ____________

NOV
OCT ____________

MAY
APR ____________

30
________

MAY JUN
____________

AUG SEPT
____________

SEPT OCT
____________

28
________

FEB
JAN ____________

NOV
OCT ____________

FEB MAR
____________

31
________

MAR APR
____________

JULY AUG
____________

AUG
JULY____________

OCT

31
________

MAY
APR ____________

DEC
NOV ____________

JAN
DEC____________

30
JUNE ________

APR
MAR ____________

SEPT
AUG____________

AUG SEPT
____________

SEPT

30
________

MAY JUNE
____________

NOV DEC
____________

MAR APR
____________

30
JUNE ________
JULY
APR
FEB
MAY

DEC

31
________

FEB
JAN ____________

NOV
OCT ____________

NOV
OCT ____________

FEB MAR
____________

JUNE JULY
____________

JUNE
MAY ____________

NOV

30
________

MAY
APR ____________

OCT
SEPT____________

OCT NOV
____________

31
________

FEB MAR
____________

JULY AUG
____________

JULY AUG
____________

28
________

MAY JUNE
____________

JAN
DEC ____________

JULY
JUNE ____________

31
________

MAY
APR ____________

AUG
JULY ____________

FEB
JAN _____________

30
________

MAY JUNE
____________

NOV DEC
____________

DEC
NOV ____________

AUG

31
________

MAY
APR ____________

OCT
SEPT____________

MAR
FEB ____________

30
JUNE ________

FEB MAR
____________

JULY AUG
____________

NOV DEC
____________

MAR

31
________

FEB
JAN ____________

NOV
OCT ____________

APR
MAR____________

30
________

MAR APR
____________

AUG SEPT
____________

JUNE JULY
____________

31
________

JUNE
MAY ____________

NOV
OCT ____________

SEPT
AUG ____________

31
________

JAN FEB
____________

JUNE JULY
____________

DEC JAN
____________

31
________

MAY
APR ____________

DEC
NOV ____________

APR MAY
____________

30
JUNE ________
MAY
FEB
OCT
APR

SEPT
JAN
JULY
MAR

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