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CHAPTER 1 UNITS ASSOCIATED WITH BASIC ELECTRICAL

QUANTITIES
EXERCISE 1, Page 5
1. What force is required to give a mass of 20 kg an acceleration of 30 m/s2 ?

2
Force = mass acceleration = 20 kg 30 m / s = 600 N

2. Find the accelerating force when a car having a mass of 1.7 Mg increases its speed with a
2

constant acceleration of 3 m / s .

Force = mass acceleration = 1.7 Mg 3 m / s = 1700 kg 3 m / s = 5100 N or 5.1 kN

3. A force of 40 N accelerates a mass at 5 m/s2. Determine the mass.


force
40 N

2
Force = mass acceleration, hence mass = acceleration 5 m / s = 8 kg

4. Determine the force acting downwards on a mass of 1500 g suspended on a string.

Force = mass acceleration = 1500 g 9.81 m / s = 1.5 kg 9.81 m / s = 14.72 N

5. A force of 4 N moves an object 200 cm in the direction of the force. What amount of work is done ?

200
Work done, W = force distance = 4 N 100 m = 8 J
6. A force of 2.5 kN is required to lift a load. How much work is done if the load is lifted through
500 cm?
Work done, W = force distance = 2.5 kN 5 m = 12.5 kJ
John Bird Published by Taylor and Francis

7. An electromagnet exerts a force of 12 N and moves a soft iron armature through a distance of
1.5 cm in 40 ms. Find the power consumed.

work force dis tan ce 12 1.5 102

timne
40 103 = 4.5 W
Power consumed = time
8. A mass of 500 kg is raised to a height of 6 m in 30 s. Find (a) the work done, and (b) the power
developed.
(a) Work done, W = force distance = (mass acceleration) distance
2

= (500 kg 9.81 m / s ) 6 m = 29.43 kN m

work done 29.43 103

time
taken
30
(b) Power =
= 981 W
21
9. What quantity of electricity is carried by 6.24 10 electrons?

18
1 coulomb = 6.24 10 electrons

6.24 1021
1103
21
18
Hence, 6.24 10 electrons = 6.24 10
C = 1000 C
10. In what time would a current of 1 A transfer a charge of 30 C?
Q 30 C

I
1A = 30 s
Charge, Q = I t from which, time, t =

11. A current of 3 A flows for 5 minutes. What charge is transferred?


Charge, Q = I t = 3 (5 60) = 900 C
12. How long must a current of 0.1 A flow so as to transfer a charge of 30 C?
John Bird Published by Taylor and Francis

Q 30 C

I
0.1A = 300 s or 5 minutes
Q = I t, hence, time, t =
13. Rewrite the following as indicated:
(a) 1 000 pF = nF

(b) 0.02 F = . pF

(c) 5 000 kHz = MHz

(d) 47 k = .. M

(e) 0.32 mA = . A

(a) 1 000 pF = 1000 10

12

F 110 9 F = 1 nF

6
9
12
(b) 0.02 F = 0.02 10 F 20 10 F 20, 000 10 F = 20,000 pF
3
6
(c) 5 000 kHz = 5000 10 Hz 5 10 Hz = 5 MHz
3
6
(d) 47 k = 47 10 0.047 10 = 0.047 M
3
6
(e) 0.32 mA = 0.32 10 A 320 10 A = 320 A

John Bird Published by Taylor and Francis

EXERCISE 2, Page 7
1. Find the conductance of a resistor of resistance (a) 10 (b) 2 k (c) 2 m

1
1 1

(a) If resistance, R = G then conductance, G = R 10 = 0.1 S


1
1

0.5 102 S
3
(b) Conductance, G = R 2 10
= 0.5 mS
1
1

3
(c) Conductance, G = R 2 10 = 500 S
2. A conductor has a conductance of 50 S. What is its resistance?

1
1
1

6
If conductance, G = R then resistance, R = G 50 10 = 20000 = 20 k
3. An e.m.f. of 250 V is connected across a resistance and the current flowing through the
resistance is 4 A. What is the power developed?
Power, P = V I = 250 4 = 1000 W or 1 kW
4. 450 J of energy are converted into heat in 1 minute. What power is dissipated?
energy 450 J

time
60s = 7.5 W
Energy = power time, hence, power =

5. A current of 10 A flows through a conductor and 10 W is dissipated. What p.d. exists across the ends
of the conductor?

John Bird Published by Taylor and Francis

Power, P = V I

P 10

from which, p.d., V = I 10 = 1 V

6. A battery of e.m.f. 12 V supplies a current of 5 A for 2 minutes. How much energy is supplied
in this time?
Energy = power time = (V I) t = (12 5) (2 60) = 7200 J or 7.2 kJ
7. A d.c. electric motor consumes 36 MJ when connected to a 250 V supply for 1 hour. Find the
power rating of the motor and the current taken from the supply.

energy 36 106 J

60 60 = 10000 W = 10 kW = power rating of motor


Power = time
P 10 103

250 = 40 A
Power, P = V I, hence current, I = V

John Bird Published by Taylor and Francis