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It’s time for the six o’clock news. I plop down on may comfortable couch and grab the handy remote control. On the news, I hear yet another sad story of racial violence. The truth is that America is a place where many cultures and races co-exist, which implies many different opinions and beliefs. So what is the solution? Should We recognize our individual cultures and consider ourselves multicultural? Thomas Bray, an editor for the Detroit News, emphasizes the need for assimilation – “a tested method of achieving E Pluribus Unum” – but I believe that there are too many different people in the country to think that everyone is the same. It seems to me I have always considered myself “all Americans”. I shop, I eat fast food, I drive my own car, and watch too much television. But when I actually had to think about my cultural background, I knew

that I had roots in Western Europe, specifically France and Germany. My mom’s side of the family is originally from France and my father’s side is a mix of German and Italian roots. My grandmother is from Germany and my grandfather is from Italy. After they married, they moved from Germany to the US in search of a better life, just after World War II. They settled in a polish neighbourhood near Detroit and over the years raised their children in the typical American way. Although I have never considered my family anything other than

American, there are marks of my families’ ethnicity, such as my grandmother’s slight accent, and her famous

Italian cooking. Also, when I look around at my classmates, I could not guess most of their ethnicities. I wouldn’t consider them anything other than American, but when we discuss the topic I can see that many of them have very diverse and different roots around the world. That’s why I defend assimilation does play a major part in American culture. However, there is another side to America, the multicultural side. America is also made of many people

who bring with them their native customs and beliefs. Some people choose to remember their cultural

heritage and celebrate it. These multiculturalists see America as a place where people bring their own culture, and combined with other cultures, that is what makes up American culture, a sort of blending of many different cultures. Unfortunately, people don’t always get along, so this becomes the more difficult side of American culture. Some authors like Randall Bass suggest that our cultural attitudes have been so engrained in our lives that they shape our behaviours even if we don’t realize it. All things considered, I would say we have come way too far to still believe that one right culture exists. Perhaps all these cultures see America in a different way, and that is why American identity is so hard to

define. I think if everyone took five minutes to realize that we all have the same rights, we could get along. No matter how you see it, or what view you hold, multiculturalism or assimilation, the fact remains that we

are all Americans and we all live in America, no matter where we came from.

Writing an Opinion Essay

Writing an Opinion Essay In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing “Reading +

In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing “Reading + Writing – Targets”, Virginia Evans and Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

Introduction:

Opinion Essays are discursive essays in which you present yourIntroduction: personal opinion on a particular topic. Your opinion must be stated clearly and supported by

personal opinion on a particular topic.

Your opinion must be stated clearly and supported by justifications. You should also present the opposing viewpoint(s) in a separate paragraph.you present your personal opinion on a particular topic. In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia

present the opposing viewpoint(s) in a separate paragraph. In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia

In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing “Reading + Writing – Targets”, Virginia Evans and Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

Writing Tip:

Writing Tip: When we write an article giving our opinion on a subject, we can divide

When we write an article giving our opinion on a subject, we can divide it into five* paragraphs:

remarks about it and state our opinion clearly . about it and state our opinion clearly.

In the introduction we introduce the subject, make general

We use: In my opinion, I believe, I think, As I see it, etc.

In the second and third * paragraphs we present our viewpoints and justify them with reasons / second and third* paragraphs we present our viewpoints and justify them with reasons / examples. Each viewpoint is presented in a separate paragraph.

We list points : firstly, furthermore, moreover, also, etc.

We list points : firstly, furthermore, moreover, also, etc. In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia

In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing “Reading + Writing – Targets”, Virginia Evans and Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

In the fourth paragraph we present the opposing point of view , with reasons / examples. fourth paragraph we present the opposing point of view, with reasons / examples.

We can start with: On the other hand, However, etc.

In the conclusion we state our opinion again briefly in different words. conclusion we state our opinion again briefly in different words.

*Note: The number of paragraphs in the main body depends on the number of viewpoints we include.

We normally use present tenses in this type of writing. present tenses in this type of writing.

Opinion Essays are normally written in formal style , therefore you should avoid using colloquial expressions or short forms . formal style, therefore you should avoid using colloquial expressions or short forms.

We can find this type of writing in the form of an article in newspapers, magazines, etc. an article in newspapers, magazines, etc.

In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing “Reading + Writing – Targets”, Virginia Evans and Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

Body IntroductionMainConclusion

Body IntroductionMainConclusion It’s time for the six o’clock news. I plop down on may comfortable couch
Body IntroductionMainConclusion It’s time for the six o’clock news. I plop down on may comfortable couch

It’s time for the six o’clock news. I plop down on may comfortable couch and grab the handy remote

control. On the news, I hear yet another sad story of racial violence. The truth is that America

where many cultures and races co-exist, which implies many different opinions and beliefs. So what is the

is a place

introduction

& statement

of opinion

solution? Should We recognize our individual cultures and consider ourselves multicultural? Thomas Bray, an

editor for the Detroit News, emphasizes the need for assimilation – “a tested method of achieving E Pluribus

Unum” – but I believe that there are too many different people in the country to think that everyone is the same. It seems to me I have always considered myself “all Americans”. I shop, I eat fast food, I drive my own car, and watch too much television. But when I actually had to think about my cultural background, I knew that I had roots in Western Europe, specifically France and Germany. My mom’s side of the family is originally from France and my father’s side is a mix of German and Italian roots. My grandmother is from Germany and my grandfather is from Italy. After they married, they moved from Germany to the US in search of a better

viewpoints

& examples

life, just after World War II. They settled in a polish neighbourhood near Detroit and over the years raised

their children in the typical American way. Although I have never considered my family anything other than

American, there are marks of my families’ ethnicity, such as my grandmother’s slight accent, and her famous

Italian cooking. Also, when I look around at my classmates, I could not guess most of their ethnicities. I wouldn’t consider them anything other than American, but when we discuss the topic I can see that many of them have very diverse and different roots around the world. That’s why I defend assimilation does play a major part in American culture. However, there is another side to America, the multicultural side. America is also made of many people

who bring with them their native customs and beliefs. Some people choose to remember their cultural

heritage and celebrate it. These multiculturalists see America as a place where people bring

culture, and combined with other cultures, that is what makes up American culture, a sort of blending of

their own

opposing

viewpoint

many different cultures. Unfortunately, people don’t always get along, so this becomes the more difficult

side of American culture. Some authors like Randall Bass suggest that our cultural attitudes have been so engrained in our lives that they shape our behaviours even if we don’t realize it.

All things considered, I would say we have come way too far to still believe that one right culture exists.

Perhaps all these cultures see America in a different way, and that is why American identity is define. I think if everyone took five minutes to realize that we all have the same rights, we could

No matter how you see it, or what view you hold, multiculturalism or assimilation, the fact remains that we

are all Americans and we all live in America, no matter where we came from.

so hard to

get along.

restate

opinion

Use the linking words/phrases from the list below to fill in the table that follows, as in the example:

in the first place, also, for example, to sum up, moreover, firstly, although, to begin with, all things considered, such as, therefore, on the other hand, however, apart from this, in other words, in particular, for instance, in addition, because, taking everything into account, furthermore, for one thing, since, lastly, secondly, nonetheless, while

for one thing, since, lastly, secondly, nonetheless, while 1 To list points: in the first place,

1 To list points:

in the first place, firstly, to begin with, for one thing, lastly, secondly

2 To add more points:

also, moreover, apart from this, in addition, furthermore

3 To introduce opposing viewpoints:

although, on the other hand, however, nonetheless, while

4 To introduce examples/reasons:

for example, such as, therefore, in other words, in particular, for instance, because, since

5 To conclude:

to sum up, all things considered, taking everything into account

In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing “Reading + Writing – Targets”, Virginia Evans and Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

Remember:

Can Portugal be considered a multicultural country?

Introduction

Paragraph 1

Introduce the subject and state your opinion clearly

Main Body

Paragraph 2

first viewpoint and reasons/examples

Paragraph 3*

second viewpoint and reasons/examples

Paragraph 4*

opposing viewpoint and reasons/examples

Conclusion

4* opposing viewpoint and reasons/examples Conclusion TIP Final Paragraph Restate your opinion, using different

TIP

4* opposing viewpoint and reasons/examples Conclusion TIP Final Paragraph Restate your opinion, using different words

Final Paragraph

Restate your opinion, using different words

* The number of paragraphs in the main body depends on the number of viewpoints included.

In: “Successful Writing – Intermediate”, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing “Reading + Writing – Targets”, Virginia Evans and Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing