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Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources
Apollo 11 Astronauts. N.d. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/images/62292main_crew_link.jpg>.
The Apollo 11 crew consisted of Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin, and Neil Armstrong. This
photograph was an important source for my website because getting a visual image of how
the astronauts looked and worked while being launched to the moon is important.
"Apollo 11 Image Gallery - Preparing A Moonship." Apollo 11 Image Gallery - Preparing A
Moonship. NASA, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
The 363 foot tall Saturn V was built at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
This Apollo 11 image gallery was important to my website because it was a reliable
website for pictures.
"Apollo 11 Image Gallery - Preparing A Moonship." Apollo 11 Image Gallery - Preparing A
Moonship. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.
<http://history.nasa.gov/ap11ann/kippsphotos/saturn5.html>.
It only took a year to build the Apollo 11 Saturn V. This photograph gallery was very important
to my research because I was able to find many images that were useful to my website.
They showed how the Saturn V was made.
"Apollo 11 Image Gallery." Apollo 11 Image Gallery. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.
<http://history.nasa.gov/ap11ann/kippsphotos/apollo.html>.

There were two compartments for the Apollo 11 crew to be in while floating through space: the
Command Service Module (CSM) and the Lunar Module (LM). This gallery of picture was
very important to my website and research because it had short captions describing each
picture, which made it easy to learn from.
"Apollo 11 Moonwalk Footage." NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
This is a great source because it shows the significance of the Space Race and how far the
United States has come with space travel. When Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon, it
was one of the biggest historical events in history. This source came from the NASA
website, which is credible.
Apollo 11 Saturn V Launch on July 16, 1969. 1969. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/images/content/624229main_1969-07-165_full.jpg>.
The Saturn V rocket was called a heavy lift vehicle, meaning it was very powerful. This
photograph of the launch of the Saturn V was important to my website because it shows
how much power it took to launch it.
Apollo 8 Earthrise. 1968. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/images/297755main_GPN-2001000009_full.jpg>.
On December 25, 1968, the Apollo 8 crew and the world experienced the first Earthrise. The
astronauts took turns speaking from the Book of Genesis. They ended with Commander
Borman saying, "We close with goodnight, good luck, a Merry Christmas, and God bless
all of you -- all of you on the good Earth." This photograph was very important to my
research because Apollo 8 showed the world how special Earth really is.

Cold War Cartoon. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web.


<http://www.atomicheritage.org/sites/default/files/Cold%20War%20Cartoon.jpg>.
The Cold War wasn't a war with one on one battle, but a war with military capabilities and
threats. This Cold War cartoon was important to my website because it explains a lot, but in
a way that's simple and easy to understand.
Comparison of Project Mercury and Project Gemini. Digital image. NASA. N.p., n.d. Web.
<http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4002/images/fig11.jpg>.
Project Mercury was the starting point for the United States' space program. It later led up to
Project Gemini, testing two people to a spacecraft instead of only one. This digital image
was important to my website because it compared Project Mercury to Project Gemini.
Comparison of Spacecraft and Launch Vehicle Configurations. Digital image. NASA. N.p.,
n.d. Web. <http://www.hq.nasa.gov/pao/History/SP-4205/images/c118.jpg>.
Project Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo had their own goals to reach. Without Project Mercury or
Gemini, Project Apollo wouldn't have been able to go to the moon. This digital image that
compares the projects was important to my website because it shows how each project was
a stepping stone to Apollo.
"The Decision to Go to the Moon: President John F. Kennedy's May 25, 1961 Speech
before Congress." The Decision to Go to the Moon: President John F. Kennedy's May
25, 1961 Speech before Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
This source is important to my project because it explains President John F. Kennedy's reaction
to Apollo 11. President Kennedy was able to achieve his goal by 1969, by landing a man on
the moon.

Destruction from a V-2 Attack in Britain. N.d. Daily Express Company UK. Daily Express
Company UK. Web.
<http://images.dailyexpress.co.uk/img/dynamic/1/590x/secondary/199786.jpg>.
Germany used V-2 rockets to cause destruction and havoc on Britain during World War II. This
photograph was important to my website because it shows how destructive the V-2 rockets
were.
Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard. N.d. National Museum of the U.S. Airforce. National
Museum of the U.S. Airforce. Web.
<http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/shared/media/photodb/web/080509-F-1234P002.jpg>.
Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard was a rocket pioneer. He impacted Germany to creating their V-2
rockets, and was the one who affected the space race. This photograph of Dr. Goddard was
very important to my website because I would think it'd be good to show the man who
started it all.
Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard. N.d. Smithsonian Institution Archives. Smithsonian
Institution Archives. Web. <http://siarchives.si.edu/sites/default/files/imagecache/bodyimage-230/attached-images/a43951.jpg>.
Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard created and tested the first liquid fueled rocket. This photograph
was important to my research because it shows what Dr. Goddard looked like which was
great for explaining in a website.
Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard Testing the First Liquid Fuel Rocket. N.d. NASA. NASA.
Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/171776main_image_feature_781_ys_full.jpg>.

Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard successfully built and flew the first liquid fueled rocket. This
photograph of Wernher von Braun and his rocket was very important to my website
because without Dr. Goddard, there wouldn't have been a space race and there wouldn't
have been new technology.
Dunbar, Brian. "July 20, 1969: One Giant Leap For Mankind." NASA. NASA, n.d. Web.
16 Dec. 2014.
This article was from a reliable article on NASA's website. It shows footage from the Apollo 11
moon landing and photographs. It also gives audio on the liftoff of the Saturn V rocket and
the moonwalk. It took about four days for Apollo 11 to reach the moon.
"The Eagle Has Landed." Digital image. NASA. N.p., n.d. Web.
"Eagle" was the name of the Apollo 11 Lunar Module. When it landed on the moon, Neil
Armstrong spoke, "The Eagle has landed." This image is important to my research because
it's a primary source that describes what the Eagle stood for.
Germany V-2 Missile. 1930s-1940s. Web.
V-2 ballistic missiles were built for Germany's defense during World War II. This photograph
was important to my research because it shows what V-2 missiles looked like.
"Glenn Shot Into Space On Earth Orbit Flight." Glenn Shot Into Space On Earth Orbit
Flight [Http://www.anydate.com/images/big/newsglenn_detail.jpg] n.d., Baltimore
News-Post ed.: n. pag. Print.
John Glenn was the first American to orbit Earth. This newspaper article was important to my
website because it shows how serious it was to catch up to the Soviet Union in the space
race.

International Space Station. Digital image. NASA. N.p., n.d. Web.


<http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/160554main_jsc2006e43519_high.jpg>.
The International Space Station is a home to many countries' astronauts. This digital image was
important to my website because it shows what the International Space Station looks like.
The Kennedy Space Center in Florida. N.d. Florida Memories. Florida Memories. Web.
<https://www.floridamemory.com/fpc/commerce/c673795.jpg>.
The Kennedy Space Center in Florida is home to where most rockets are launched. This
photograph was important to my website because it's good to know what the Kennedy
Space Center looked like while thinking of the Saturn V Apollo 11 launch.
The Launch of the United States' First Satellite: Explorer 1. 1958. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/206609main_launch.jpg>.
Explorer 1 was the United States' first satellite, launched on February 1, 1958. This photograph
was very important to my research because even though the Soviet Union was the first to
launch an artificial satellite, the United States launched one closely after.
Map of Cold War 1959. Digital image. Humboldt. N.p., n.d. Web.
<http://users.humboldt.edu/ogayle/Hist
%20111%20Images/MapColdWarNation1959.png>.
The Cold War was a war with suspicion and supremacy. This map was important to my website
because it shows the allies of the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States'
allies are in blue while the Soviet Union's allies are in red.
"Men Walk On Moon." Men Walk On Moon 20 July 1969, The New York Times ed.: n. pag.
Print.

The two of three Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked on the moon.
This newspaper article was important to my website because it show the significance of the
space race.
NASA Astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the Moon. 1959. NASA. NASA. Web.
<https://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a11/AS11-40-5875HRedit.jpg>.
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon on July 20, 1969. They planted the
American Flag on the moon to show that the United States won the space race. This
photograph of Buzz Aldrin and the American Flag was important to my website because it
shows that the Apollo 11 astronauts did reach the moon.
NASA's Mars Rover Curiosity. N.d. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/482643main_msl20100916-full.jpg>.
NASA has sent multiple rover to Mars such as Curiosity, Spirit and Opportunity. This
photograph was important to my website because it shows what Curiosity looked like and
how it was being built.
NASA's Satellites. Digital image. NASA. N.p., n.d. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/what-is-a-satellite58.html#.VOjr3TCJOub>.
There are dozens of NASA's satellites orbiting the Earth. This digital image was important to my
website because it show some of NASA's satellites and their names.
NASA's Stardust Spacecraft. N.d. NASA. NASA. Web. <http://wwwpao.ksc.nasa.gov/kscpao/images/1999/jan/99pc39.jpg>.

NASA's Stardust Spacecraft reached comet Wild 2 and discovered amino acids, which are the
building blocks of life. This photograph was very important to my website because it
shows what the Stardust Spacecraft looked like and how far space technology has come.
"1961-5-25 Address Before a Joint Session of Congress." Excerpt from an Address Before a
Joint Session of Congress, 25 May 1961. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2015.
President John F. Kennedy announced his national goal of landing a man on the moon on May
25, 1961. This video is important to my project because it states the beginning of the
Apollo program and the final push to the moon.
"1961-5-25 Address Before a Joint Session of Congress." Excerpt from an Address Before a
Joint Session of Congress, 25 May 1961. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2015.
President John F. Kennedy announced the national goal of landing a man on the moon on May
25, 1961. This video is important to my research because was a significant part of history.
Original NASA Logo. Digital image. NASA. N.p., n.d. Web.
<https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/gallery/Original_Logo.jpg>.
NASA was formed on July 29, 1958. This digital image shows NASA's original logo. This
image is important to my research because it shows what NASA's logo looked like from
the beginning, and how it has changed since today.
"Petition for Naturalization of Wernher Von Braun, 1955." Petition for Naturalization of
Wernher Von Braun, 1955. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2015.
Wernher von Braun and his rocket team were transferred to Huntsville, Alabama, to work on
missile technology. This process was called Operation Paperclip. This petition for
naturalization was very important for my website because it proof that Operation Paperclip
was real and that Wernher von Braun was a part of it.

"Photo Gallery of Dr. Wernher Von Braun." Photo Gallery of Dr. Wernher Von Braun.
NASA, n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.
Wernher von Braun worked with the United States from 1945 to the 1970s. Without his rocket
knowledge, it wouldn't have been possible to go to the moon. This gallery of photographs
was very important to my research because my leader is Wernher von Braun and all of
these photographs are of him throughout his life.
"Photo Gallery of Dr. Wernher Von Braun." Photo Gallery of Dr. Wernher Von Braun. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2015.
Wernher von Braun was the Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center. These photographs are
important to my research because Wernher von Braun led NASA through building rockets.
He contributed a large amount of his knowledge to NASA.
President John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev Meeting. 1961. John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.
Web. <http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/VXTykGzm4EGKsPypN0nGQ.aspx>. On June 3, 1961, President John F. Kennedy and the Soviet Union's
leader Nikita Khrushchev had a meeting to discuss the conflicts their nations were having.
This photograph was very important to my website because it showed that both leaders
wanted an agreement and to settle some of the problems that were happening.
President John F. Kennedy's Moon Speech. 1961. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://history.nasa.gov/1658.jpg>.
On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced the goal of sending a man to the moon
and back safely. This speech was important to my research because it really helped me
understand how gigantic of a competition it was to get to the moon.

Project Mercury Astronauts. N.d. NASA. NASA. Web.


<http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/Images/StarChild/space_level2/mercury_portrait_big.g
if>.
There were seven Project Mercury astronauts, each were on a individual mission. This
photograph was very important to my website because it shows every Project Mercury
astronaut. Showing pictures from the space race helps grasp an image of what it was like
back then.
Project Mercury Rocket Launched. N.d. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/vonBraun/Images/rocket_firsts.jpg>.
Wernher von Braun's rocket boosters were used throughout the space race to launch many
rockets into space. These photographs are important to my research because it shows four
of Von Braun's rocket creations.
"Robert H. Goddard: American Rocket Pioneer." Smithsonian Institution Archives. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2015.
Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard was the first man to successfully build and launch a rocket. This
photograph was an important source to my website because it shows what Dr. Goddard and
his liquid fueled rocket looked like.
"Russians Win Race To Launch Earth Satellite." Russians Win Race To Launch Earth
Satelite
[Http://www.talesofcuriosity.com/v/Great_Achievements_In_Space/i/Newspaper_Ann
ouncing_Sputnik.jpg] n.d.: n. pag. Print.
The United States already had plans of launching a satellite, but the Soviet Union decided to play
along and also launch one. When Sputnik 1 was unexpectedly launched, the United States

was in shock. This newspaper article was important to my website because it explains the
significance of Sputnik 1.
Saturn V Rocket. 1961. NASA. NASA. Web. <http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4206/cont.jpg>.
The Saturn V rocket was used for every Apollo mission to the moon. This photograph was
important to my website because it explains how it looked when it was all set up and ready
for launch.
Sputnik 1. 1957. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/image/sputnik_asm.jpg>.
Sputnik 1 was launched by the Soviet Union. It was the world's first artificial satellite. This
photograph was important to my website because it shows what Sputnik 1 looked like.
Sputnik 2 and Laika. 1957. Britannica Online Database. Sputnik 2 and Laika. N.p.: n.p., n.d.
N. pag. Britannica's Original Sources. Web. <http://media.web.britannica.com/ebmedia/86/104286-050-EE20531B.jpg>.
Sputnik 2 was launched only a month after Sputnik 1. It contained the first animal in space
which was a dog named Laika. This photograph was important to my website because it
shows both Laika and the Sputnik 2 chamber.
United States of America. United States Department of Justice. District. Petition for
Naturalization. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Web.
Project Paperclip was the codename for German rocket engineers immigrating to the United
States. This government document was very important to my research because it shows the
significance of the event and how important Wernher von Braun was to the United States.
V-2 Rocket. 1940s. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://exploration.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/gallery/history/V2german.jpg>.

The V-2 rocket was a ballistic missile that Germany used to attack Britain. This photograph was
important to my website because it shows what the V-2 rockets looked like and how they
were set up for launching.
Vehicle Assembly Building at the Kennedy Space Center. 1969. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://history.nasa.gov/ap11ann/kippsphotos/KSC-69PC-249.jpg>.
The Vehicle Assembly Building at the Kennedy Space Center was where the Saturn V rocket was
built. This photograph was very important to my research because it shows how the Saturn
V was removed from the building and how big it was.
"Wernher Von Braun : Feature Articles." Wernher Von Braun : Feature Articles. N.p., n.d.
Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
This source has photographs that help explain some of the United State's rocket launches.
Wernher von Braun was one of the most important rocket scientists. Without him, the
United States would not have had the Saturn V that brought men to the moon.
Wernher Von Braun (1912-1977). N.d. Wernher Von Braun. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag.
Britannica's Original Sources. Web. <http://media-3.web.britannica.com/ebmedia/45/6845-004-9BFC7E37.jpg>.
Wernher von Braun was born in 1912 and died in 1977. This photograph of Wernher von Braun
was important to my website because it shows what he looked like. It gave me my first
image of his appearance.
Wernher Von Braun and a Fellow Rocket Engineer Hold V-2 Rocket Models. 1940s. Earth
Observatory NASA. Earth Observatory NASA. Web.
<http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/vonBraun/Images/vonbraun_rocket.jpg>.
Wernher von Braun began his career in rocketry by working on ballistic missiles for Nazi

Germany. This photograph was very important to my website because it shows a younger
Wernher von Braun beginning his career.
Wernher Von Braun and His Engineer Associates. N.d. Heroicrelics. Heroicrelics. Web.
<http://heroicrelics.org/info/rocket-team/fort-bliss/ft-bliss-med.jpg>.
During Operation Paperclip, hundreds of the top German scientists were moved to the United
States. This was an important photograph to my website because it shows some of the
many German scientists and how they affected the way NASA built rockets.
Wernher Von Braun and Saturn V F-1 Engines. N.d. Web.
<http://ganymede.nmsu.edu/tharriso/vonbraun.jpg>.
The Saturn V rocket was 363 feet tall, which is 60 feet taller than the Statue of Liberty. This
photograph of Wernher von Braun and the Saturn V F-1 engines was important to my
research because the F-1 engines compared to Wernher von Braun are huge. It shows there
enormity.
Wernher Von Braun and the National Space Institute. 1975. The National Space Institute.
The National Space Institute. Web. <http://www.nss.org/adastra/nsi.html>.
Wernher von Braun had the first annual meeting as president of the National Space Institute in
July 1975. This photograph source was important to my website because it helps people
grasp all of the achievements Von Braun had.
Wernher Von Braun at His Desk in Huntsville, Alabama. N.d. Alabama Public Television.
Alabama Public Television. Web.
<http://www.aptv.org/Pressroom/Images/VonBraunDesk.jpg>.
Wernher von Braun was the director of the Marshall Space Flight Center. This photograph was
important to my research because it shows what he did while he was the director.

Wernher Von Braun Explaining to President John F. Kennedy the Launch System of the
Saturn V. N.d. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/images/261063main_06_RobertSeamans_full.j
pg>.
President John F. Kennedy was the one who assigned Wernher von Braun the job to design and
build the Saturn V rocket. This photograph was important to my research because it shows
Kennedy and Von Braun explaining their opinions of the Saturn V and how it will be
launched.
Yuri Gagarin: First Man in Space. N.d. NASA. NASA. Web.
<http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/146084main_yurig_516.jpg>.
Russian astronauts Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space. This photograph was important to
my research because it's great to show what Gagarin looked liked to get a visual image in
your mind. This source also had a newspaper article describing Yuri Gagarin as the first
man in space.

Secondary Sources
"Apollo Lunar Landings (1969 - 1972)." Apollo Lunar Landings (1969 - 1972). N.p., n.d.
Web. 23 Dec. 2014.
There were six Apollo moon landings from 1969 through 1972. This website was important to
my project because it had information on all six moon landings. It described when the
landings took place and where it happened.
Biddle, Wayne. Dark Side of the Moon: Wernher Von Braun, the Third Reich, and the Space
Race. New York: W.W. Norton, 2009. Print.

This book gives information on people's reaction to Wernher von Braun and how he helped the
United States during the space race. Many Americans wondered whether or not to trust von
Braun. Some praised him for his skills in rocketry, and some saw him as a Nazi for helping
Germany build V-2 ballistic missiles during World War II.
"Biography of Wernher Von Braun." Biography of Wernher Von Braun. N.p., n.d. Web. 03
Dec. 2014.
This source is a biography of Wernher Von Braun. It talks about how he used his knowledge on
rockets to help the Americans construct rockets that could go as far as the moon. This
source is a reliable website source from NASA.
"A Brief History of NASA." A Brief History of NASA. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
NASA was created on October 1, 1958 for research with rocket flights. This website was
important to my research because knowing what NASA does for the space race is very
important. It's also important because NASA is the starting point to the space projects.
"The Cold War." - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan.
2015.
The Cold War was a war against the United States and the Soviet Union for supremacy in
missiles and military. This source is important to my research because the Cold War was a
major part in the space race.
"Cold War." World Book Online Reference Center. World Book, n.d. Web.
The Cold War was not a war with weapons and fighting, but one with distrust between the
United States and Soviet Union. This database article was important to my research
because it briefly describes what the Cold War was and how it affected the two countries.
"Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard." NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

This source is a reliable website source. It informs me about Dr. Robert H. Goddard and how his
interest in rockets later changed the world's perspective on space flight. It also shows a list
of his contributions to space flight. This is a good source because most everything that
Goddard constructed was a spinoff of today's technology.
Dunbar, Brian. "The Birth of NASA." NASA. NASA, 01 Apr. 2008. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
This article explains the impact of Sputnik 1. Sputnik made the United States more motivated to
learn about space and made sure that NASA was formed. This source is important to my
project because once NASA was formed, new projects started to form such as Project
Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo.
Dunbar, Brian. NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015.
The F-1 engine was designed for the Saturn V rocket. It is the most powerful liquid-fuel rocket
engine ever developed. This website was important to my research because Wernher von
Braun built the Saturn V and the engine was built by another man. It branched off with
what I already knew.
Dunbar, Brian. NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 23 Dec. 2014.
The Saturn V rocket is 363 feet tall, 60 feet taller than the Statue of Liberty. This website is
important to my research because it explains why the Saturn V was built and describes its
characteristics.
Dunbar, Brian. "Societal Impact of the Space Age." NASA. NASA, 07 Nov. 2005. Web. 17
Dec. 2014.
The space race dramatically changed the relationship that people had with the world. This source
is important to my research because it had information about how the space age affected
the way we see space today.

Dunbar, Brian. "What Is the International Space Station?" NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 05
Feb. 2015.
The International Space Station is a big spacecraft orbiting the Earth where astronauts live to
conduct research. This article from NASA was important to my website because the space
station is one of the things that occurred after the space race.
Dunbar, Brian. "Yuri Gagarin: First Man in Space." NASA. NASA, 13 Apr. 2011. Web. 20
Dec. 2014.
On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin was the first human in space. This source is important to my
research because it's important to know the events in chronological order that happened
during the space race, and when Gagarin was sent in space, it was a motivation boost for
the United States.
The Editors of Encyclopdia Britannica. "Wernher Von Braun (German-born American
Engineer)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17
Dec. 2014.
This source gave me information on Wernher von Braun, who was a German engineer that
played a big role in rocketry and space exploration. It's important to have sources about
him because without him, the United States wouldn't have gotten far on space exploration.
This is a credible source because it's from Britannica database.
"Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online
Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
Wernher von Braun was first interested in astronomy when his mother gave him a telescope at a
young age. This article was important to my website because it explained his earlier life
and how only a few people influenced his decision in space flight.

Gibney, Frank B. "Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (premier of Union of Soviet Socialist


Republics)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17
Dec. 2014.
This source was useful because it gave me plenty of information on NIkita Khrushchev. Nikita
Khrushchev was the leader of the Soviet Union during the Space Race. This is a credible
source because it's from Britannica.
"History of Rocketry." History of Rocketry. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
Many German rocket engineers were sent to the United States after World War II to begin a
missile program for the U.S. This source is important to my research because the engineers
from Germany consisted of Wernher von Braun's team, which later led to the development
of rockets.
http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/retrieve.do?
sgHitCountType=None&sort=Relevance&prodId=DC&tabID=T001&s... The space
race began during World War II when Germany was creating ballistic missiles. Later, the
Cold War began which led into the space age. This source is important to my research
because it gave me information that I hadn't known about.
"International Space Hall of Fame :: New Mexico Museum of Space History :: Inductee
Profile." International Space Hall of Fame :: New Mexico Museum of Space History ::
Inductee Profile. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.
Wernher von Braun developed the V-2, Redstone, and Saturn rockets. This archive article was
important to my research because it explained all of von Braun's life. It helped me learn the
little events that lead up to his achievements.
"Missions to Mars." The Planetary Society Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2015.

Explorations to Mars has been attempted almost as much as going to the moon. This source is
important to my research because it relates to the long-term change of my topic. The
technology to get to Mars is was created because of the moon landings. They gave ideas
about what to expect and build.
NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
This source gives information on Project Mercury. Project Mercury was what started the United
State's future for rocket launches. This is important to my project because the three projects
branch off from each other. Project Mercury gave a base for Project Gemini, and Project
Gemini helped make Project Apollo possible.
Neufeld, Michael J. Von Braun: Dreamer of Space, Engineer of War. New York: A.A. Knopf,
2007. Print.
Wernher von Braun is pronounced "Vairn-er fon Brown". He is a rocket engineer, not a rocket
scientist. This book is very helpful for my research because it describes von Braun's life
and what he did to become a rocket engineer.
"Nikita Khrushchev." Nikita Khrushchev. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
Nikita Khrushchev expanded the Soviet Union's space program seeing that it would enhance
national fame. This is an important source because it gave me new information. This
source is a credible website source.
"Nikita Khrushchev." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
Nikita Khrushchev helped expand the Soviet Union's space program. It's an important source
because it gave me new facts about his role. This is a credible website source.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

This source is a biography of Nikita Khrushchev. It gives information about his role during the
Space Race which is extremely helpful. This is important to know because Nikita
Khrushchev is another leader of the Space Race.
"President Dwight Eisenhower and His Contributions." H-Net Reviews. N.p., n.d. Web. 16
Dec. 2014.
This source gives information on the role President Dwight D. Eisenhower took during the space
race. It talks about whether or not he was successful. This is a reliable website because it
ends in .org.
"Rosetta Spacecraft Tracks Comet." NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2015.
The European Space Agency's Rosetta spacecraft is the first spacecraft to land on a comet. This
is an important website to my research because it focuses on the long-term change. The
whole article is a source that shows how far space exploration has come.
"Space Race Gale Databases." Gale. N.p., n.d. Web.
The space race began during World War II when Germany was creating ballistic missiles. Later,
the Cold War began which led into the space age. This source is important to my research
because it gave me information that I hadn't known about.
"The Space Race." John F. Kennedy and His Contributions to the Space Race. N.p., n.d.
Web. 05 Dec. 2014.
This source is a reliable website source that describes what President John F. Kennedy did to
contribute to the Space Race. It has information on the leadership role of Kennedy and
Projects such as Project Mercury that were created.
"Space Race Timeline." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

This source is a timeline of the big events happening throughout the time of the Space Race. It
describes each event with pictures and a paragraph. This is a great source because it gives
me snippets of new information that leads me to researching more.
"Sputnik." Sputnik. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
This source gives me plenty of information on Sputnik and the beginning of the Space Race. It
gives specific dates to important events, which is very helpful. This source is a reliable
website source because it has information from the NASA website.
"Sputnik's Impact on America." PBS. N.p., n.d. Web.
This website talks about the whole space race. It tells it from the time Sputnik was launched to
the moon landing of Apollo 11 in 1969. This is a reliable source because it doesn't end in
.com
"Welcome to Operation Paperclip." OperationPaperclip.info. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015.
The hundreds of German engineers that were in Operation Paperclip began working at
White Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico, Fort Bliss, Texas, and Huntsville Alabama to
make ballistic missiles. This article was important to my website because Operation
Paperclip was a huge part of how the space race came to be. Russia also recruited many
German rocket engineers.
"Wernher Von Braun : Feature Articles." Wernher Von Braun : Feature Articles. N.p., n.d.
Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
Wernher von Braun was head of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and lead the
development of the Saturn V rocket. This website is important to my research because it's
important to have more information on how Wernher von Braun affected NASA and the

space race. This website also gives information about von Braun's life before coming to the
United States.