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BTS3012AE

Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

12

BTS3012AE Signal Flow

About This Chapter


The BTS3012AE signal flow refers to the traffic signal flow and the signaling signal flow of the
BTS. The BTS3012AE signal flow consists of the signal flow of downlink services, signal flow
of uplink services, signal flow of signaling processing, and signal flow between combined
cabinets.
12.1 Signal Flow of Downlink Services of the BTS3012AE
The signal flow of downlink services refers to the user plane data from the BSC to the MS
through the BTS3012AE. In the BTS3012AE, the signal flow of downlink services is processed
by the DTMU, DTRU, and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB).
12.2 Signal Flow of Uplink Services of the BTS3012AE
The signal flow of uplink services of the BTS3012AE sends user data from the MS to the BSC
through the BTS3012AE. In the BTS3012AE, the signal flow of uplink services is processed by
the DDPU (DFCU or DFCB), DTRU, and DTMU.
12.3 Signaling Flow of the BTS3012/BTS3012AE
The signaling of the BTS3012/BTS3012AE refers to the signaling on the Abis interface. The
DTMU serves as the control part and works with the DTRU and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) to
process the signaling.
12.4 Signal Flow of BTS3012/BTS3012AE Combined Cabinets and Cabinet Groups
The signal flow of the BTS3012/BTS3012AE cabinet groups refers to the signal flow between
the main cabinet group and the extension cabinet groups. The signal flow of combined cabinets
refers to the signal flow between the main cabinet and the extension cabinet that belong to one
cabinet group. The signals involves with the signal flow of combined cabinets and cabinet groups
include clock signals, data signals, and control signals.

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BTS3012AE
Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

12.1 Signal Flow of Downlink Services of the BTS3012AE


The signal flow of downlink services refers to the user plane data from the BSC to the MS
through the BTS3012AE. In the BTS3012AE, the signal flow of downlink services is processed
by the DTMU, DTRU, and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB).
Figure 12-1 shows the signal flow of downlink services.
Figure 12-1 Signal flow of downlink services
Um
9
MS

DDPU/DFCU/DFCB

Antenna
subsystem

8
D
T
R
U
7
DTRB
5
6
DCMB
5
D
C
S
U

4
D
T
M
U

D
C
C
U
3

DSCB
2
D
E
L
U

Abis

BSC

The description of the signal flow of downlink services is as follows:

12-2

1.

The BSC sends E1 signals to the DELU through E1 cables.

2.

The DELU provides lightning protection for the received E1 signals and then sends them
to the DSCB.

3.

The DSCB sends the E1 signals to the DCCU through the TOP1 signal cable. The TOP1
signal cable connects the DCCU or the DCSU with the DSCB.

4.

The DCCU sends the E1 signals to the DTMU through the DCMB.
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BTS3012AE
Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

5.

The DTMU receives the signals from the DCCU and then converts those signals through
the data bus (DBUS) on the DCMB. The DTMU also assigns the data based on the data
configuration on the OML. The signals are then sent to the DCSU through the DCMB.

6.

The DCSU sends the signals to the DTRB.

7.

The DTRB sends the signals to the DTRU.

8.

After receiving the signals, the DTRU performs digital filtering, up conversion, and filter
amplification, and then sends the signals to the DDPU (DFCU or DFCB).

9.

The duplexer in the DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) filters the signals from the DTRU and then
transmits the signals through the antenna subsystem.

12.2 Signal Flow of Uplink Services of the BTS3012AE


The signal flow of uplink services of the BTS3012AE sends user data from the MS to the BSC
through the BTS3012AE. In the BTS3012AE, the signal flow of uplink services is processed by
the DDPU (DFCU or DFCB), DTRU, and DTMU.
Figure 12-2 shows the signal flow of uplink services.
Figure 12-2 Signal flow of uplink services
Um
1
MS

DDPU/DFCU/DFCB

Antenna
system

2
D
T
R
U
3
DTRB
5
4
DCMB
5
D
C
S
U

6
D
T
M
U

D
C
C
U
7

DSCB
8
D
E
L
U

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Abis

BSC

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BTS3012AE
Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

The description of the signal flow of uplink services is as follows:


1.

The antenna receives the signals from the MS. After being amplified by the TMA, the
signals are transmitted to the DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) through the feeder. The TMA is
optional. It is used to compensate the feeder loss and enhance receive sensitivity of the
DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) antenna port.

2.

The DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) receives the UL signals and transmits the signals to the DTRU
after they are filtered by the duplexer and amplified by the lower noise amplifier (LNA).

3.

The DTRU receives the signals from the DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) and transmits the signals
to the DTRB after amplification and down-frequency conversion.

4.

The DTRB sends the signals to the DCSU.

5.

The DCSU sends the signals to the DTMU through the DCMB.

6.

The DTMU backs up the received signals, converts the received E1 signals through the
DBUS on the DCMB, and sends the converted signals to the DCCU through the DCMB.

7.

The DCCU sends the E1 signals to the DSCB through the TOP1 signal cable. The TOP1
signal cable connects the DCCU or the DCSU with the DSCB.

8.

The DSCB sends the signals to the DELU.

9.

The DELU provides lightning protection for the received signals and then sends the signals
to the BSC through the E1 cables.

12.3 Signaling Flow of the BTS3012/BTS3012AE


The signaling of the BTS3012/BTS3012AE refers to the signaling on the Abis interface. The
DTMU serves as the control part and works with the DTRU and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) to
process the signaling.
Figure 12-3 shows the signaling processing flow of the BTS3012/BTS3012AE.
Figure 12-3 Signaling processing flow
BTS3012/BTS3012AE cabinet

Abis

DTMU

BSC

DTRU
DDPU/
DFCU/
DFCB

The signaling processing flow is as follows:

12-4

1.

The BSC sends the signaling data to the DTMU of the BTS.

2.

After processing the signaling, the DTMU sends the signaling to the DTRU and DDPU
(DFCU or DFCB).
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BTS3012AE
Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

3.

The DTRU and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) report their board status to the DTMU.

4.

The DTMU obtains the status of the BTS3012 by collecting and analyzing the states of all
the boards. Then, it transmits the information to the BSC through the Abis interface.

12.4 Signal Flow of BTS3012/BTS3012AE Combined


Cabinets and Cabinet Groups
The signal flow of the BTS3012/BTS3012AE cabinet groups refers to the signal flow between
the main cabinet group and the extension cabinet groups. The signal flow of combined cabinets
refers to the signal flow between the main cabinet and the extension cabinet that belong to one
cabinet group. The signals involves with the signal flow of combined cabinets and cabinet groups
include clock signals, data signals, and control signals.
Figure 12-4 shows the bus connection between BTS3012/BTS3012AE combined cabinets and
cabinet groups.
Figure 12-4 Bus connection between combined cabinets and cabinet groups
Data cable

Control cable

Data cable

Main cabinet
Extension
Main cabinet Control cable Main cabinet
Control cable cabinet in the
in the
in the main
in the main Clock cable
extension
extension
cabinet group
cabinet group
cabinet group Clock cable cabinet group
Clock cable

The relation between the combined cabinets and the cabinet groups is as follows:
l

The signals between the main cabinet and the extension cabinet consist of the data signals,
control signals, and clock signals.

The signals between the main cabinets belonging to different cabinet groups consist of the
clock signals and control signals.
NOTE

You can define the main cabinet group and the extension cabinet group, in addition to the main cabinet
and the extension cabinet, by setting the DIP switches on the DCSU. For details on setting the DIP switches,
refer to DIP Switches on the DCSU.

Clock Signals
For details on the clock signal flow, refer to Synchronization of the BTS3012 Clock .

Data Signals
The main cabinet and the extension cabinet that belong to one cabinet group are connected
through data bus. For details on the data signal flow, refer to Figure 12-5.

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BTS3012AE
Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

Figure 12-5 Data signal flow

DTRB/
DSCB
DTMU

DCMB

DTRU

DCSU
DCTB

Main cabinet
in the main cabinet group

DCTB/
DSCB

DCSU

DTRB

DTRU

Extention cabinet
in the main cabinet group
NOTE

The DCTB shown in Figure 12-5 is the top backplane of the BTS3012 cabinet. The DSCB is the signal
connection backboard of the BTS3012AE cabinet.

The processing of the data signals for the combined cabinets is as follows:
1.

The DTMU of the main cabinet sends the data to the DTRU for processing, through signal
transfer of relevant boards.

2.

The DTRU of the main cabinet sends the data to the DTMU for processing, through signal
transfer of relevant boards.

3.

The DTMU of the main cabinet sends the data to the extension cabinet, through the signal
transfer of relevant boards in the main cabinet and the cables between the combined
cabinets. The relevant boards in the extension cabinet transfer the signals to the DTRU for
processing.

4.

The DTRU of the extension cabinet sends the data to the main cabinet, through signal
transfer of relevant boards in the extension cabinet and the cables between the combined
cabinets. The relevant boards in the main cabinet transfer the signals to the DTMU for
processing.

Control Signals
The control signal flow is classified into CBUS1 signal flow, CBUS2 signal flow, and CBUS3
signal flow.
l

The CBUS1 sets up communication channels for all the DTMUs from the main cabinet
group and the extension cabinet group.

The CBUS2 sets up communication channels between the DTRU and the DTMU of one
cabinet (main cabinet or extension cabinet).

The CBUS3 sets up communication channels between the DTMU of the main cabinet and
the DEMU, DATU, NFCB, DSCA, and DAFU of the main and the extension cabinets.

For details on the signal flow, refer to Figure 12-6 and Figure 12-7.
12-6

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Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

Figure 12-6 Signal flow of CBUS1 and CBUS2


Main cabinet in the extention cabinet group
DCTB/
DSCB

DCCU

Main cabinet
in the main cabinet group
DTMU

DCMB

DTMU

DTRB

DTRU

DCCU

DCMB
DCSU

DCTB/
DSCB
Extention cabinet
in the main cabinet group
DCTB/
DSCB

DCSU

DTRB

DTRU

NOTE

The DCTB shown in Figure 12-6 is the top backplane of the BTS3012 cabinet. The DSCB is the signal
connection backboard of the BTS3012AE cabinet.

The processing of the signals in the CBUS1 and CBUS2 is as follows:


l

The CBUS1 sets up communication channels for all the DTMUs from the main cabinet
group and the extension cabinet group. The DTMU from the main cabinet of the main
cabinet group sends the data to the main cabinet of the extension cabinet group, through
signal transfer of relevant boards and the cables between the cabinet groups. The relevant
boards from the main cabinet of the extension cabinet group transfers the data to the DTMU
for processing.

The CBUS2 sets up communication channels between the DTRU and the DTMU of one
cabinet (main cabinet or extension cabinet). For the main cabinet, the DTMU sends the
data to the DTRU, through signal transfer of relevant boards. For the extension cabinet, the
DTMU sends the data to the extension cabinet,through signal transfer of the relevant boards
in the main cabinet and the cables between the combined cabinets. The relevant boards in
the extension cabinet transfer the data to the DTRU for processing.

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BTS3012AE
Product Description(for DCU)

12 BTS3012AE Signal Flow

Figure 12-7 Signal flow of CBUS3


Mian cabinet in the main cabinet group
DEMU

DTMU

DATU
DCCU

NFCB

DCSU

DCTB/
DSCB

DCMB

Extention cabinet in the main cabinet group

DCTB/
DSCB

DCSU

DCMB

DSAC
DDPU/
DFCU/
DFCB

DDPU/
DFCU/
DFCB
DCCU

NFCB

DATU

NOTE

The DCTB shown in Figure 12-7 is the top backplane of the BTS3012 cabinet. The DSCB is the signal
connection backboard of the BTS3012AE cabinet.

The processing of signals in the CBUS3 is as follows:

12-8

1.

The DTMU of the main cabinet sends the data to the DEMU, DATU, NFCB, DSAC, and
DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) for processing, through signal transfer of relevant boards.

2.

The DEMU, DATU, NFCB, DSAC, and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) send the data to the
DTMU for processing, through signal transfer of relevant boards.

3.

The DTMU of the main cabinet sends the data to the extension cabinet, through signal
transfer of the relevant boards in the main cabinet and the cables between the combined
cabinets. The relevant boards from the extension cabinet transfer the signals to the DATU,
NFCB, and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) for processing.

4.

The DATU, NFCB, and DDPU (DFCU or DFCB) of the extension cabinet send the data
to the main cabinet, through signal transfer of the relevant boards in the extension cabinet
and the cables between the combined cabinets. The relevant boards from the main cabinet
transfer the signals to the DTMU for processing.

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