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DESIGN OF CANTILEVER RETAINING W

INPUT DATA:
h1=Height of earth to be supported above final level of earth
w=weight of retained material
density of surcharge
=angle of internal friction
=coefficient of friction between concrete and soil
fc'
fy
qmax=maximum soil pressure
frost penetration depth
cover

SOLUTION:
h'=surcharge height
5 ft
Cah=(1-sin)/(1+sin)
0.27
Cph=1/Cah
3.7037037

1-HEIGHT OF WALL:
h=height of wall

17.388 ft

2-THICKNESS OF BASE:
assume thickness=
Base thickness

10 % of h
1.7388 ft

3-BASE LENGTH:
Ph=Cahwh(h+2h')/2
6429.0043 lb
y=(h2+3hh')/(3(h+2h') 6.8541276 ft
W=wx(h+h')
2238.8 x
Wx/2=Py
x
6.2741559 ft

change

base length=1.5x

9 ft

x
toe length

6 ft
3 ft

4-STEM THICKNESS:

change

h2=stem height above


15.6492 ft
Ph2
5418.7577 lb
y
6.2332738 ft
Mu=1.6Py
54042.561 lb-ft
b=0.85fc'87000/(8700.0285068
max=0.75b
0.0213801
=max/2
0.0106901
m=fy/0.85fc'
17.647059
Rn=fy(1-m/2)
580.90337 psi

0.9
d=(Mu/Rnb)
10.167045 in
cover
3.5 in
total thickness of stem at base
14 in
d
10.5 in
total thickness of stem at top
16 in

5-STEM SHEAR REINFORCEMENT (SHEAR AT d):


d
0.875 ft
h3=stem height sbove
14.7742 ft
Ph3
4941.2563 lb
change

Vu=1.6P
for shear
d=Vu/2fc'b
revised d

7906.0101 lb
0.85
6.1276959 in
10.5 in

6-F.O.S AGAINST OVERTURNING:


COMPONENT
W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
W6

FORCE
2500
-130.41
8085.42
3129.84
-195.615
2456.055

ARM
6.9166667
4.3055556
6.8333333
3.75
4.3611111
4.7083333

MOMENT
17291.667
-561.4875
55250.37
11736.9
-853.0988
11563.926

Total

15845.29 lb

94428.28

Rv
15845.29 lb
Ms=stabilizing moment94428.276 lb-ft
Mo=overturning moment=P*y

44065.216 lb-ft

FOS=Ms/Mo

2.142921

7-F.O.S AGAINST SETTLEMENT:


a=(Ms-Mo)/Rv
l/3=base length/3
q1
q2

3.1784246 ft
3.1388889 ft
3322.983 psf
42.388365 psf

7-F.O.S AGAINST SLIDING:


sliding force=P
Frictional resistance = Rv
Pph against toe=wh^2Cph/2
FOS=(Pph+Rv)/P

6429.0043 lb
6338.116 lb
559.8936 lb
1.0729515

>

8-DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY


assume distance b/w front of key a
4 in
bearing press. Under key
1958.4879 lb/ft
friction b/w soil=R
4137.1521 lb
friction b/w heel and soil=R
2200.9639 lb
2
passive earth press. wh Cph/2
185.18519 h2
fos against sliding
1.5
h
4.2248206 ft
height of key
4
ft
height of key
4.25 ft

9-DESIGN OF HEEL:
change

Wu=1.6*surcharge+1.2(backfill+he 2990.888 lb/ft


Vu=1.6P
15452.921 lb
for shear
0.85
d=Vu/2fc'b
11.977066 in
revised d
12.5 in

heel thickness

15 in

Wu=1.6*surcharge+1.2(backfill+he 3371.82 lb/ft


Mu=Wul^2/2
45004.431 lb-ft
320.03151 psi

0.0056117

As=bd
0.8417586 in2
change
change
use

bar #
# of bars
spacing
@

8
2
12
c/c

Dev. Length req


available dev length

10-DESIGN OF TOE:

change

MAIN REINFORCEMENT:
x
2248.806 lb/ft
Wu=1.6toe-0.9self load4222.6931 lb/ft
Mu=Wul^2/2
20072.455 lb-ft
cover
3.5 in
d=thickness-cover
17.3656 in
73.956847 psi

0.0033333

As=bd
0.694624 in2

change
use

bar #
# of bars
spacing
8@

8
1
14
14 c/c

Dev. Length req


available dev length

change

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT:
Shear at a distance d 1.4471333 ft
x
2752.9608 lb/ft
Vu=1.6*earth press-0.9s 7569.089 lb
for shear
0.85
d=Vu/2fc'b
5.8665591 in
revised d
17.3656 in
heel thickness
20.8656 in

11-STEM REINFORCEMENT:

revised stem height


16.138 ft
Ph=Cahwh(h+2h')/2
5694.5031 lb
y=(h2+3hh')/(3(h+2h') 6.4083588 ft
change

Mu=1.6Py
d=thickness-cover

As=bd

change

use

bar #
# of bars
spacing
@

58387.87 lb-ft
10.5 in
588.4391 psi
0.0108451

1.3664839 in2
9
2
4.5
4.5

9
c/c

Dev. Length req


available dev length
change

location from top (ft) Ph=Cahwh(h+2h')/2 (lb)


4.347
841.94652
8.694
2194.0961
13.041
4056.4487
16.138
5694.5031
FULL REINFORCEMENT:
C=0.85fc'ba
T=Asfy
a
d at stem top
Mn=Asfy(d-a/2)
d at stem base
Mn=Asfy(d-a/2)

40800 a
160200
3.9264706 in
12.5 in
126.59923 k-ft
10.5 in
102.56923 k-ft

HALF REINFORCEMENT:
use

9
@
C=0.85fc'ba
T=Asfy
a
d at stem top
Mn=Asfy(d-a/2)
d at stem base
Mn=Asfy(d-a/2)

9
40800 a
80100
1.9632353 in
12.5 in
69.196682 k-ft
10.5 in
57.181682 k-ft

c/c

FULL REINFORCEMENT:
use

9
@
C=0.85fc'ba
T=Asfy
a
d at stem base
Mn=Asfy(d-a/2)

18
40800 a
40200
0.9852941 in
12.5 in

c/c

36.202169 k-ft
10.5 in

d at stem top
Mn=Asfy(d-a/2)

30.172169 k-ft

location fr Mu=1.6Py
at base
58.38787 k-ft
34.335848 k-ft
12.894668 k-ft
2.6322395 k-ft
at top
0

y
0 102.56923
3.097
7.444
11.791
16.138 126.59923

Chart Title
18
16
14
12
10

Axis Title

8
6
4
2
0

20

40

60Axis Title 80

100

VER RETAINING WALL

evel of earth

16.78 ft
100 pcf
500 psf
35
0.4
4000 psi
60000 psi
5 ksf
0.608 ft
0.85
2.5 in

(usually 7-10% of h)
minimum =1'

(usually 3-4 ft)

5 in
4 in
1 in

(mimimum top thickness=12")

SHEAR AT d):

OK no shear reinforcement is required


5
1.3333333

W1

W3

15.6492

W2

16.78
W4

UNITS= ft

lb-ft

G.S

W5
-1.1308
W6
3.0833333 1.1666667
9.4166667

1.7388
5.1666667

ok safe against overturning

< qmax ok safe against settlement


< qmax ok safe against settlement

1.5

not ok sliding failure, shear key is required

in

2990.888
0
NOT OK provide shear reinforcement or use revised d

min=200/f0.0033333
having As

0.79

in2

As

min=200/f0.0033333
having As

0.79

in2

As

OK no shear reinforcement is required

min=200/f0.0033333
having As

in2

As

y=(h2+3hh')/(3(h+2h')) (ft)
1.9539836
3.673115
5.2903184
6.4083588

As

2.67

Mu=1.6Py
2.6322395 k-ft
12.894668 k-ft
34.335848 k-ft
58.38787 k-ft

1.335 in2

As

0.67 in2

57.181682 30.172169

69.196682 36.202169

Chart Title

Column F
series2
Linear (series2)
series3
Linear (series3)
series4
Linear (series4)

60Axis Title 80

100

120

140

TABLE 5
Bar #

area in^2
3
0.11
4
0.2
5
0.31
6
0.44
7
0.6
8
0.79
9
1
18
4