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2/27/2015

Flaresystems:Majorthrustpointsforstressanalysis|WhatisPiping

 

Anattempttoexplainprocesspipingengineeringbasicsindetailtohelpalltheprocesspipingengineering

 

professionalsaroundtheworld.

 
 

Flare systems: Major thrust points for stress analysis

 

20thDecember2014 want2learn flangeleakagechecking 0Comments

 

58

7

1

Introduction:

Introduction:

Flaresystemisameansofsafedisposalofwastegases

 
Flaresystemisameansofsafedisposalofwastegases  

byburningthemundercontrolledconditions.Flare

Submit Resume Now

pipinggenerallycomprisesofPSVsoutletpiping,sub

pipinggenerallycomprisesofPSVsoutletpiping,sub monsterindia.com

monsterindia.com

headerpiping&mainheaderpiping.Designconditions

Immediate Requirement. Sign up to Apply & Find Jobs

consideredforstressanalysisareasperP&IDs,linelist

andspecificinformationrelatedtoflareifanyby

 
 

process.

Top SIP Investment plans

 

Atypicalflaresystemconsistsof:

PSVoutletpipes,subheaderconnectedtomainflare

Alfa Laval Centrifuges

 

header,mainflareheaderconnectedtoknockout

Plant Engineering Cons.

 

drum,outletofflareknockoutdrumtoflarestack.

Aknockoutdrumtoremoveandstorecondensable

 

andentrainedliquids.

Asingleormultipleburnerunitsandaflarestack.

 

Themajorthrustpointswhichastressengineershouldconsidercarefullyarelistedbelow:

 

FluidDensity:Fluiddensityhastobetakenfromlistlist(ProcessDepartment).Inabsenceofdata,1/3rdwater

filledweightcanbeassumedforCaesarinput.

 

TestMethod:Flarelinesarenormallypneumatictested.So,hydrotestweightisnotrequiredtobeconsidered.

Howeverinspecificcaseswaterfilledweighthastobeconsidered(CheckwithProcessdepartment).

 

2/27/2015

Flaresystems:Majorthrustpointsforstressanalysis|WhatisPiping

Supporting:FlarelinesarenormallyprovidedwithslopesasperProjectspecification.Sogeneralpracticeisto supportwithShoe/saddlesupports.Supportingspantobemaintainedsuchthansustainedsaggingshouldnot

exceed3­5mm.Structurebelowpipesupport/shoeheightistobeplannedtomeetpipingsloping/freedraining

requirement.

SIF:Normalindustrypracticeistotake45degree/90degreebranchconnectionsfromFlareHeader:ProperSIF

(bothinplaneandoutplane)shouldbeincorporatedatbranchconnectionswhileenteringdataintoCaesarII.

SIFscanbecalculatedusingFe­SIF,NozzlePro,orsomeothertypeofFEAsoftware.Sometimesreinforcement

mayberequiredtoreduceSIFvalue.

TemperatureGradient:Inaflaresystemsometimestemperaturegradientorprofilemayexistwhenthehot

contentsflowintothesubheader/mainheaderwhichisatalowertemperature(confirmationwithprocessif

required).

Flexibility:Pipingshallbeevaluatedforflexibility.Ifnecessaryexpansionloopsshallbeprovided.Expansion

jointstobeavoided.Flarepipingloopsareplannedinhorizontalplane(4Dbends)inordertoensurepipe

slope/freedrainingrequirement.Howevernoofloopsshouldbeminimisedasmuchaspossible.

Flarelineroutingandsupportingtobeplannedinsuchawaythatforcesandmomentsonflareknockoutdrum

nozzleconnectionsareminimized.

SometimesFlarelinemayconsistoftwophoaseflow.SoVibration/Accousticanalysisisrequiredtobeperformed

andsupportingtobestrengthened.

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