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Historical background
From the very beginning, the Spanish authorities believed that for political, administrative, and religious reasons it was
necessary to keep disparate ethnic groups segregated. In 1565, Legaspi had already put the policy of ethnic
segregation into effect when he divided the port area of Cebu into the poblacion de naturales(which became the town
of San Nicolas) and the poblacion de europeos (or what was referred to as the ciudad of Cebu).It was only around 1590
that a Chinese settlement came to be established in Cebu. This was located on the Spanish city's north side and was
connected to the sea by an estuary. Visiting Chinese traders had come to Cebu before this time but it was only during
the Spanish rule, and in the 1590s when Cebu briefly participated in the galleon trade, that the Chinese district of
Parian was founded and evolved into a market and trading center.The district was under the charge of the Jesuits who
baptized, taught reading, writing, arithmetic and Christian doctrine to the community of traders and artisans and their
families. On October 22, 1614, the second bishop of Cebu, Fr. Pedro de Arca, separated the port area into two
parished: the parish for the Christian Chinese and Filipinos who lived in the areas bordering the ciudad. A third division
was set aside for the local people (naturales, indios) in San Nicolas. Parian remained a parish administered under the
secular clergy until 1828 when the bishop of Cebu abolished and placed it under his jurisdiction.During the commercial
decline of Cebu in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Chinese population of Cebu dwindled, particularly
with the expulsions done by Governor-General Simon de Anda in 1780. By this time, Parian had become a
community of Chineses mestizos. At the same time, it became more of a suburban residential district rather than a
trading ghetto.There was also an ecological reason for the change in the character of Parian, from a commercial to a
residential district. the small Parian river that ran through the district had begun to silt up and was no longer
navigable. When Chinese immigrants began to flow back into Cebu in the nineteenth century, they gravitated towards
the Ermita-Lutao area (now Carbon Market area), which was close to the shore, leaving Parian to mestizo and indio
residents.By the middle of the nineteenth century the Chinese mestizos (and the Chinese) had become the most
dynamic commercial group in the city, while the native Cebuanos had become a "commercially anonymous
group."Before 1860 the Cebu mestizos had a brokerage monopoly in their part of the Visayas. They owned coastal
vessels, collected goods in the provinces and forwarded them to Manila. They aggressively protected this monopoly
by urging restrictions on the activities of the Chinese in Manila and the provinces. When the advent of foreign houses
and the new cabecilla wholesale system broke this monopoly in the mid-nineteenth century, the mestizos shifted their
interests from commerce to agriculture. They farmed out to the countryside and acquired estatesin places like
Talamban, Talisay, Naga, and Carcar, and were in a position to accumulate weath with the boom in cash crops in the
late nineteenth century. This was the basis of Parian's reputation as "the richest and most productive" district, the
"center of commerce" in Cebu.Through the years, when Parian enjoyed power and pestige, various controversies arose
as to its civil and ecclesianstical character and jurisdiction. In 1828 a conflict broke out between officials of the Parian
and ciudad concerning jurisictionove the barrio of Zamboanguillo. At about the same time the officials of Parian and
the Augustinian order disputed claims over the Hacienda de Banilad.As a civil body, Parian also had a problematic
character. At the time the Cebu Ayuntamiento was dissolved in 1755 because of the lack of Spanish residents in the
city. the alcalde mayor of Cebu divided the city area into three separate pueblos or municipal units: the Ciudad,
Parian, and Lutao. Parian then was a separate town from 1755 to 1849.Ecclesiastically, Parian existed as a parish
separate from the ciudad as early as the start of the seventeenth century. It was initially suppressed in 1830 and was
reestablished in 1838. In 1849, the parish was abolished and placed under the jurisdiction of the Cathedral. As a
parish, Parian continued to function with diminished powers until the mid-1870s when the Parian church was finally
demolished. The parian elite responded to the Tagalog Rebellion of 1896 by donating money to the Spanish cause and
by either supporting or joining the voluntariousleales, the pro-Spanish local militia. It was traditionally-indio dominated
San Nicolas which was the seat of insurrectionary activity, and it was San Nicolas which supplied the Revolution in
Cebu with many of its leaders. The Cebuano uprising of April 1898 was a dramatic event. The insurgents occupied the
larger part of the city as Spanish officials, soldiers, priests and residents withdrew to the safety of Fort San Pedro.
Spanish reinforcements drove the insurgents out of the city but during the fenzied Holy Week of 1898 there was much
destruction as the Spanish vessel Don Juan de Austria bombarded the city. Parian was razed to the ground. In the halfdecade of tensions that followed, some Parian residents sought refuge in less troubled zones. Urbanization wrought
ecological changes as the population filled out the port area and residential patterns changed. In 1900, Parian was a
much more compact, smaller district. Parian retained its identitiy well into the twentieth century. In 1917, it was still
referred to as an "aristocratic bario" where the wealthy families of the city resided. However, in time it was to be
absorbed into the larger area that was urban Cebu.
The church was commissioned by the Visigothic king Recceswinth of Hispania(the Iberian Peninsula, comprising
modern Spain and Portugal), in the year 661 and whose solemn consecration ceremony is believed to have taken place
on the 3rd of January, 661.
The church was built as a royal foundation under the control of the Bishops of Palencia. The excavations that were
carried out in 1956 and 1963 yielded a medieval necropolis of 58 tombs to the north-west of the church and
discovered three pieces of Seventh century bronze: two belt buckles in the shape of a lyre and one liturgical object.
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The Parian church has never been surpassed by any other church that has been built in Cebu, such as the Cathedral,
the Seminary and San Nicolas. It was built in 1602.What remains on the site today, the San Juan Bautista chapel, is but
a faint reminder of an opulent past. The church was made of stone blocks, plastered together in a mixture of lime and

the sap of the lawat tree. The roofs were made of tiles, and the lumber used was molave, balayong and naga. The
paraphernalia used in the mass was made purely of gold, the pews were carved by a sculptor of the Parian, the altars
were covered with stone slabs with money and gold inlaid, and the church bells were big and loud. The tolling of these
bells was so loud that it could be heard as far as Hilotungan ang the town of Talisay.
It is the street perpendicular and between the streets of P. Del Rosario and R.R. Landon. It is within the jurisdiction of
Barangays Kamagayan and San Antonio.It is named in honor of Don Pedro R. Cui, son of spouses Miguel Cui and Maria
Revilles. He was born on February 22, 1847. Schooled in Cebu for his primary education and went to the University of
Santo Tomas for his Bachelor of Laws and became a lawyer. Briefly practiced law and later actively engaged in tobacco
business and built buildings in Cebu City.He was a member of the Ayuntamiento of Cebu and was designated as
Auxiliary Justice of Audencia Territorial of Cebu during the Spanish Occupation. He became a councilman in 1901 of the
municipality of Cebu.Don Pedro and his younger sister, Benigna (born on February 13, 1846) established the Hospicio
de San Jose de Barili, situated at Barangay Guibuangan, Barili it was created by virtue of law enacted by the Philippine
Legislature on November 27, 1925.The Hospicio's primary purpose is "for the care and support, free of charge, of
indigent invalids, and incapacitated and helpless persons." The law provides that all the personal and real properties
donated by the founders (Pedro and Benigna) and other persons shall not be sold under any consideration.Before he
died, Don Pedro donated all his properties to the Hospicio on January 2, 1926 for the perpetual maintenance and
management of the hospice.
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Today, the Hospicio de San Jose de Barili continues to serve the aged and incapacitated of Cebu, this primarily because
of the vision of love to humanity of Don Pedro Revilles and his sister Dona Benigna.

It is the street formerly named as Lopez Jaena, within the jurisdiction of Barangay Parian. It is where the Ramon Aboitiz
Foundation Inc. building and the Casa Gorordo is situated. The street renaming was in pursuance to City Ordinance No.
1269 enacted on November 9, 1987 yet up to now the street sign still bears the old name.The street is named after
Eduardo Juan Aboitiz, son of spouses Don Ramon Aboitiz and Dolores (Lolita) Sidebottom. The Aboitiz clan were
originally from Ormoc, its patriarch Paulino (father of Ramon) settled in Ormoc, Leyte when it came to the Philippines.
Paulino, from Basque, Spain married Emilia Yrastorza, who was the daughter of Don Gregorio Yrastorza and Doa Ana
Torres.The family of Eduardo's father was a big clan, his father Ramon had nine siblings. Eduardo had a sister, Maria
Luisa, who married Edson Canova of Davao Light and Power Company.Eduardo was born on December 13, 1917. His
mother, Dolores, was a British whose family settled in Barangay Parian. The brother of the mother of Eduardo, Luis
Sidebottom married Concepcion Carratala. The sister of Concepcion, Doa Consuelo Carratala, married Don Mariano
Veloso.The patriarch of the Sidebottom's in Cebu was John N. Sidebottom, the American and British Consul in Cebu. He
was the one who met Capt. Charles C. Cornwell, then commanding officer of the American Gunboat Petrel that docked
on the shores of Cebu on February 21, 1899, signaling the conquest of Cebu by the Americans after we were sold by
Spain through the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898.John Sidebottom was the one who announced the demands of

the Americans that the Cebuano patriots should surrender. On February 23, 1899, the Cebuano revolutionaries led by
Luis Flores surrendered after which the American flag was hoisted.
This thoroughfare in downtown Cebu City known as Colon Street existed way back in time, since Spanish conquistador
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi commissioned its creation in 1565 as part of a settlement called Villa de San Miguel (St.
Michaels Town) that also had Fort San Pedro as its nucleus. It was named after Italian explorer Christopher Columbus,
who sailed for the king and queen of Spain and whose name translates in Spanish to Cristobal Colon.Today, no trace
remains of Legazpis Colon or as it was during the 19th century, with its rows of two-storey houses facing one another
on both sides of the street. The residential homes of olden times featured a store, shop, or office on the ground floor
and living quarters upstairs and belonged to the forebears of prominent names in Cebuano society like Briones,
Gantuangco, Lu Do, Rallos, Osmea, Singson, Cuenco, and Martinez, among others.Colon Street connects to the old
Chinese district of Parian, where wealthy Chinese-Filipino merchants used to live and do their trade in the 1950s. The
name Parian reportedly comes from paripari, which means to sell or barter.Before the 90s, when malls sprung up
in other areas of the city, Colon was the center of economic activities in Cebu. Before SM and Ayala, Cebuanos flock to
commercial establishments in Colon like Plaza Fair, Gazini Plaza, Rositas, and Gaw Trading, Inc
The Spanish settlement of Cebu was established in 1565 when conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived on the
island. This area, then called the Ciudad, was located in the port area, and was exclusively for the Spaniards. Legaspi
also created a policy of ethnic segregation, which divided the port area into two, the other half being the Poblacion de
Naturales, which is present day San Nicolas. Pari-an rose on the north side of the Spanish settlement around 1590,
when Chinese traders and artisans occupied the area and considered it their home, market, and trading center. The
Chinese traders came regularly to Cebu way before the Spaniards came. But it was only in the 1590s when Cebu
briefly took part in the galleon trade that they decided to settle down in the city. Chinese goods and wares for trade
were dropped off in the main port area in the intramuros and transported via small boats called cascos, and entered
through Tinago, a wide waterway. They would unload their products in what we now call as Pari-an, a name that traces
its roots to a Mexican word for marketplace.By the end of the 16th century, the Spaniards began to define the Ciudad
as intramuros or walled city. However, historians discovered that instead of walls built around this area, pantanos or
swamps defined its borders (Please see map). This distinguished the intramuros from the extramuros, the spaces
outside the ciudad where Pari-an District belonged.Jesuit priests were invited by Spanish residents in Cebu to establish
a school for their children. They built theirescuela, casa, and iglesia at the northern part of the Fort, and named it the
Colegio de San Ildefonso. This would become the present day, University of San Carlos. They were also tasked to
undertake the Christianization of the Chinese residents in Pari-an. The priests also had a mission to learn the Chinese
language and culture so they could expand their mission to China. By this time, Parian district was under the charge of
the Jesuits who baptized, taught reading, writing, arithmetic and Christian doctrine to the community of traders and
artisans and their families. On October 22, 1614, the second bishop of Cebu, Fr. Pedro de Arca, officialy separated the
port area into three parishes: the Cathedral for the Spaniards, the parish for the Christian Chinese and Filipinos

(Parian) who lived in the areas bordering the ciudad, and the third division for the local people (naturales, indios) in
San Nicolas.
Its considered a miracle that Cebu Citys 104-year old church is standing in front of me at all. Various construction
starts and stops have plagued this cathedral since its inception more than three hundred years ago. The 'Cebu
Cathedral', as it is popularly called, is the ecclesiastical seat of metro Cebu Archdiocese in the Philippines.On 14
August 1595, Cebu has been established as a diocese and elevated as a metropolitan archdiocese on 28 April
1934.The church was established as the seat of Cebu bishop when the province became one of the suffragan dioceses
under the archdiocese of Manila in 1595. Just like all the churches built during that period, Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral
started as a holy place built with wood and nipa palms as its structure, according to "BalaanongBahandi, a book on
the Sacred Treasures of the Archdiocese of Cebu."
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There was no decent church building from 1665 to 1741 but only a barn covered with coconut palms where the
missionaries celebrate the mass with the people. ResilMojares, Cebu historian, said that was generally finished only in
1786 but was in ruins in 1829. A renovation was started in 1865 and another plan to build another church were
interrupted during the revolution in 1898.
The construction of the cathedral has frequent interruptions prolonging its completion which is typical among huge
structures, especially churches. One of the most common reasons is lack of funds and other man-made and natural
events.One time, the funds allocated for the building were diverted to fight against moros. Another event that
disrupted the construction was the death of the bishop who spearheaded the construction.In its 75th anniversary
celebration on 28 April 2009, the cathedral has been renovated and was elevated into an archdiocese.Cebu church
officials has applied for the cathedral's elevation into a minor basilica, in honor of St. Vitalis - an early Christian martyr,
which is still pending at the Vatican.Ricardo Vidal, Cebu Archbishop Emeritus, was the parish priest in 1981 of the
Cathedral and the one who initiated the renovation by putting a 'symmetry' of the unbalanced building. He asked
permission to build an extension, opposite side of the belfry structure where an extension for baptism services is held,
by following the original architecture of the structure.
It is the street formerly named as "Calle de los Martires", meaning the street of martyrs. It is so called then as it is
where the blood of hundreds of Cebuano patriots was spilled. Gen. Adolfo Gonzales Montero ordered the killing of
members of the KKK and civilians in the aftermath of the Battle of Tres de Abril in 1898. It is the street where Plaza
Libertad now called Plaza Independencia is situated. The former name of "Calle de los Martires" was "CalleEnrile", the
Spanish rulers in Cebu named it in honor of the 45th Spanish governor general of the Philippines from 1830 to
1845.The street named in honor of our martyrs of the revolution was renamed to "Mariano Jesus Cuenco Avenue" in
honor of a distinguished son of Cebu. City Ordinance No. 462 enacted on March 23, 1964 on mass motion of the
members of the City Council. Don Mariano, was elected twice as Governor of Cebu from 1928 to 1933, and President of
the League of Provincial Governors, Congressman for five terms representing the Old 5th District of Cebu, he was the
First Cebuano Senate President, Delegate of the 1934 Constitutional Convention and elected as Floor Leader of the
convention.Don Mariano's parents were pioneers of the press, his father was Mariano AlbaoCuenco, while his mother,
Remedios Lopez Diosomito, was the first woman publisher of the country. M.J. Cuenco edited and published "El
Precursor" and was then elected to the Philippine Assembly in 1912 at the age of 26. He was considered one of the

most courageous chairmen of the Senate Blue Ribbon Committee that led to the discovery of numerous government
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CalleMartires now became a busy street
According to the university's claim, San Carlos traces its roots to the Colegio de San Ildefonso founded by
the Spanish Jesuitsfathers Antonio Sedeno, Pedro Chirino and Antonio Pereira on August 1, 1595. It was closed in 1769
at the expulsion of the Jesuits. In 1783, the initiative of the Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo opened the ColegioSeminario de San Carlos. In 1852, the management of the college was entrusted to the Dominican fathers, replaced in
1867 by the Vincentian Fathers then, in 1935, theSocietasVerbiDivini or the Society of the Divine Word (SVD).
The Second World War led to the interruption of the courses in 1941 because several buildings suffered various
amounts of destruction. The buildings reopened as repairs were made over the course of 1945 and 1946. The Colegio
de San Carlos was granted its university charter in 1948. The University was named after St. Charles Borromeo.
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Seminario Mayor de San Carlos was established in 1960. Its earliest beginnings go back to the mission school
connected to the Colegio de San Ildefonso, the home of the Society of Jesus in Cebu and the central residence for the
Visayas missions.
The Formation Program of Seminario Mayor de San Carlos has four aims: (1) Human Formation to help men find
human excellence and goodness of character; (2) Spiritual Formation that seeks to form men whose lives find their
center in personal and transformative communion with God in Christ; (3) Intellectual Formation that forms men with
deep understanding of the mysteries of the faith, a capacity for ongoing theological reflection, and pastoral skills and
competence ; and (4) Pastoral Formation that forms men with deep commitment to and sufficient competence for
pastoral leadership and service.
Seminario Mayor de San Carlos has a Graduate School Program, which offers degrees in Master of Arts in Theology
(MAT) and Master of Arts in Pastoral Ministry (MAPM).
The date of construction of the stone fort is uncertain, although there are claims that a Jesuit Antonio Campioni built a
stone fort in 1630, and the gate of the fort bears the date 1738 together with the arms of Castile and Leon. It is
certain, however, that the fort underwent major renovations in the late 19th century as part of a building program to
improve Cebu.[2]
The victory of the Americans led by Commodore Dewey at the Battle of Manila Bay in 1898 marked the end of the
Spanish era in the Philippine Islands. The fort was then surrendered by the Spaniards to the Cebuano revolutionaries.
Fort San Pedro became a part of the American Warwick barracks during the American regime. [3] From 1937 to 1941 the
barracks was converted into a school where many Cebuanos received their formal education. During World War II from
1942 to 1945,Japanese residents of the city took refuge within the walls. When the battle to liberate the city of Cebu
from the Imperial Japanese forces was fought, the fort served as an emergency hospital for the wounded.
From 1946 to 1950, Fort San Pedro was an army camp. After 1950, the Cebu Garden Club took over and fixed the inner
part and converted it into a miniature garden.
Although already in ruins, the upper deck was utilized for different offices. First, as a clinic of the City Health, as office
of the Presidential Arm and Community Development then the City Public Works Unit used the ruins of the lieutenant's
quarters as its field office.
In 1957 mayor Sergio Osmea Jr. jolted the public with his announcement to demolish Fort San Pedro and erect on the
spot a new City Hall. This started a movement against the demolition idea. Articles voicing opposition appeared in the
local dailies and magazines in Cebu City and in Manila. Finally, confronted by civic leaders and society heads at his
Cebu City Hall office, he gave up his idea and said he will use instead the space behind the fort. [4]
In the very same year, the city council commissioned "The Lamplighter", a religious sect, to manage a zoo subsidized
by the city within the fort courtyard.[5]
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At present, it is under the care and administration of the city of Cebu, [6] as a historical park under City Executive Order
No. 08-87 of February 20, 2008. This order also known as Plaza Independencia - Fort San Pedro Interim Policy and
Advisory Board (PIFSIPAB) appointed Hon. Michael L. Rama as overall overseer of the Plaza Independencia and Fort San
Pedro. The land on which it is situated is, however, owned by the Department of Environment and Natural
Resources.These days, part of the fort is a museum. Inside the fort houses the legacies of the Spanish Government:

well preserved Spanish artefacts such as Spanish documents, paintings and sculpture. A large statue of Legazpi
and Antonio Pigafetta may be seen outside the fort walls.
The Port of Cebu is one of the Philippines' major ports and is strategically situated in the center of the Philippine
archipelago. It has been a major trading center for centuries since the around 900 A.D., well before the Spanish era of
Philippine history, conducting trade with such Asian neighbors as China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and India.On July 30,
1886 under Spanish colonial rule, the Port of Cebu was declared open to world trade with such significant exports as
spices, abaca, sugar, corn, copra, tobacco, lumber, pearls, and native textiles, passing through its port.The succeeding
American colonial era saw Cebu continuing its significance as a major Philippine Seaport with chief exports of hemp,
coconut oil, copra, sugar, maguey, lumber and tobacco handled through the port.
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The territorial jurisdiction of the Authority includes all ports, seas, lakes, rivers and all other navigable inland
waterways within the province of Cebu, the City of Cebu, and all other highly urbanized cities which may be created
Historical Background
This church is built on an area that traces its founding back to the Spanish conquest over 400 years ago, to the time of
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi.The San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church served what was then the town of San Nicolas,
also known as Cebu el Viejo or old Cebu, which was a settlement purely for Cebuano natives.A separate but adjacent
settlement up north was Villa San Miguel, the city set aside for the Spaniards, while farther away was Parian, where the
Chinese populace resided and traded.
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The building of the present-day church, done through the efforts of the Knights of Columbus, happened during the time
of Fr. VenerandoReynes who served as parish priest from 1942 to 1965.His successor, Msgr. Manuel Salvador, added
the left and right wings and replaced the wooden doors with iron grills.Church benefactors donated the tile mosaic
rendering done by local artist Fidel Araneta of the 12 apostles and Mary receiving the tongues of fire, which that now
serves as backdrop of the main altar, and the stained glass renditions of the Stations of the Cross manufactured by a
German firm..
Thirty-six years before World War II, the Philippine Railway Construction Company (PRCC) had a 57-mile mainline track
connecting the municipalities of Danao in the north and Argao in the south. The track was primarily built to facilitate
transport of sugar, coal, and other products from all over the island to Cebu City, from where these found their way to
the rest of the region. The junction of now Leon Kilat and P. Del Rosario streets used to be the Central Station of the
railway - from the current Development Bank of the Philippines up to the recently condemned Cebu City Medical
Center building. From there, the track led to the north and to the south, and a shorter one to the port area, as Cebu
was the inter-regional trade center during the Spanish times. In going south, the train would halt in two municipalities
before reaching Argao - in Valladolid, Carcar and in Sab-ang, Sibonga. Back then, wagon or horses would greet train
passengers and take them to their homes.The station in Valladolid, Carcar is one of the only four remaining train
stations in Cebu, and is currently utilized as a restaurant. In Sab-ang, Sibonga, the former train station is now used as
a library of Simala Elementary School. The train's last stop in Argao currently houses the town's fire station. The entire
way from Argao to Cebu or vice versa cost third class passengers Php 1.20, already quite a costly sum in those
days.Unlike the many stops in going south, the northern route directly proceeded to Danao. Its unloading station was
at the current SitioEstasyonan, a name the place got from the word "station." Unfortunately, the old station building
had been neglected and was soon gone. The Rotunda in Poblacion, Danao was where the train would turn around to go
back to Cebu City.Cebu's position as the second most important trade center of the Philippines is mainly due to the
considerable volume of products that pass through the city. This has its beginnings in the pre-war period, with sugar,
abaca, and copra among the goods transported by railway, partnered by a bustling port where products from the

provincial municipalities are transported to the other regions, and even to the rest of the world.Negros may be the
sugarcane capital of the country today, but during the Spanish era Cebu was at par with Negros in sugar production.
Lush sugarcane plantations covered most of the northern part of Cebu. Furthermore, abaca weaving was already
widespread in the island long before the Spanish occupation.
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Years before Manila started enjoying the convenience of the MRT and the LRT, Cebu already had its very own railway
system. The original line ran from Cebu City to Argao. In 1907, the northern sector was added. As a result, trips from
Argao in the south to Danao in the north became much faster.Now, what exactly happened to Cebus railway? Easy.
Aside from the fact that the second world war left our dear city looking like one of Picassos paintings, the system just
didnt quite catch on. Apparently, in the great train vs bus war that ensued, the Cebuanos of old preferred the latter.
Osmea Boulevard was developed during the American period to connect the old Spanish colonial town of Cebu to
outlying areas being opened up by the American government as its new city. [1] It was formerly named Jones Avenue,
after U.S. Congressman William Atkinson Jones who sponsored the bill known as Jones Law or Philippine Autonomy Law
of 1916. It was renamed in honor of Sergio Osmea, the third Philippine president and his wife EstefaniaVelosoOsmea
who owned a mansion and estate along the boulevard on March 29, 1960 by virtue of City Ordinance No. 284
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Osmea Boulevard is a major arterial thoroughfare in Cebu City, Philippines. It is the city's "main street" which travels
in a generally northwest-southeast orientation linking the old downtown district of San Roque near the harbor with the
modern uptown Capitol Site district. Beginning at Mariano Jesus Cuenco Avenue in the east, the boulevard heads
northwest towards FuenteOsmea circle and ends at Nicolas Escario Street. At its north end, the Cebu Provincial
Capitol serves as a prominent terminating vista.
Planning for the capitol, which was to replace the old Casa Provincial in the city's Spanish quarter, actually started in
1910, in the day of the inauguration of Osmea Waterworks. Sergio Osmea, then Speaker of the First Philippine
Assembly, took Governor GeneralWilliam Cameron Forbes to an exhibition baseball match, after which they inspected
the future site of the building near FuenteOsmea. In the book about his father E. J. Hanselma: Colonial Engineer,
James Hanselma narrates the event:
Finally they went over a newly-built boulevard into the countryside to a plaza in the midst of fields empty
except for a simple fountain. The site was planned as the new provincial capitol site. The fountain was to
commemorate the building of the waterworks.
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The Cebu Provincial Capitol is the seat of the provincial government of Cebu in the Philippines. Located at the north
end ofOsmea Boulevard in Cebu City, it was designed by Juan M. Arellano, a Filipino architect best known for
the Manila Metropolitan Theater (1935), the Legislative Building (1926; now the National Museum of the Philippines),
and the Manila Central Post Office(1926). An inscription on the central concave portion of its faade reads, "The
authority of the government emanates from the people.