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Pricing & Condition

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SD
PRICING

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Transaction Codes

Definitions

The Condition Technique in Pricing

Create Condition Table

15

Create Access Sequence


1. Maintain Access Sequence
2. Optimize Access Sequence

21
22
26

Create Condition Type

29

1. Maintain Condition Type


2. Define Upper/Lower limits for Conditions
3. Check Setting
Setting for Condition Types

31
35
37

Condition Record
39
1. Maintain Condition Record
40
2. Main
43
Maintain Scale for Condition
3. Tracking Cumulative Value with Condition Update 47
Maximum Value
48
Maximum Quantity
50
Maximum Number of Sales Order
53
Pricing Procedure
56
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Maintain Pricing Procedure


Define Customer Pricing Procedure
Define Document Pricing Procedure
Assign Document Pricing Procedure to Order Type
Assign Document Pricing Procedure to Billing Type
Define
Define Pricing Procedure Determination
Check Setting for Pricing Procedure

59
62
64
67
68
69
71

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Define Pricing by Item Categories

72

Maintain PricePrice- Relevant Master Data Field

78

1. Define Price List Categories For Customer


2. Define Pricing Groups for Customer
3. Define Material Group

79
81
83

Maintain Pricing Reports

86

Condition Exclusion

93

1. Condition Exclusion for Groups Of Condition


2. Condition Exclusion for Condition Types and Records

93
102

Pricing Agreements

104

Define Promotion

107

Set up Sales Deals

110

1. Define Sales Deals


110
2. Condition Type Group
Condition
Condition Type Group
114
Assign Condition Type/ Table Condition Type Group 116
Assign Condition Type Groups/Sales Deals
118
Questions & Answers
121

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Pricing is on of the important topic of SD module. Once you understand


this concept it is been easy for you to grip other SD topic. Go this topic
twice and thrice until you are not clear with this concept.
Read sap pdf file and
Explain each fields of
1. Condition Type
2. Pricing Procedure
Gone through the above files and you will have clear idea about pricing.

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Transaction Code
V/03

Create Condition Table

V/04

Change Condition Table

V/05

Display Condition Table

V/06

Create/Change & Display Condition Type

V/07

Create/Change & Display Access Sequence

V/08

Create/Change & Display Pricing Procedure

VK11

Create Condition Record

VK12

Change Condition Record

VK13

Display Condition Record

OVKP

Define Customer Pricing Procedure

OVKI

Define Document Pricing Procedure

OVKJ

Assign Document Pricing Procedure to Order Type

OVTP

Assign Document Pricing Procedure to Billing Type

OVKK

Define Pricing Procedure Determination

OVSI

Define Price List Categories For Customer

OVSL

Define Pricing Groups for Customer

OVSJ
OV31

Define Material Group


Define Condition Exclusion Groups

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OV32

Assign Condition Type to Condition Exclusion group

VOK8

Maintain Condition Exclusion for Pricing Procedure

OVB2

Define Upper and Lower limit for condition

OVK0

Active pricing for item categories

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Definition
Condition Table:
A Condition table defines the combination of fields (the
key) that identifies an individual condition record.
Access Sequence:
An access sequence is a search strategy used to find valid
data for a particular condition type.
Condition Type:
It is price element and it has character like value,
quantity, surcharge or discounts.
Condition Record
A condition record allows you to store and retrieve dada.
All prices, discounts and surcharges for automatic pricing must be stored
in condition records.
Pricing Procedure:
A pricing procedure is used to define a group of condition
types in a particular sequence. It determines which subtotals appear
during pricing. It determines witch bases the system uses to calculate
percentage discounts and surcharges. It determines to what extent
pricing can be influenced manually.
Condition Exclusion:
It is best/worst price comparison.

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Condition Supplement:
Several condition types to be accessed together.

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The Condition Technique in Pricing


The condition technique refers to the method by which the system
determines prices from information stored in condition records. In Sales
and Distribution, the various elements used in the condition technique
are set up and controlled in Customizing. During sales order processing,
the system uses the condition technique to determine a variety of
important pricing information. For example, the system automatically
determines which gross price the customer should be charged and which
discounts and surcharges are relevant given the conditions that apply.
The following figure shows how the condition technique works in the
background to produce the pricing information.
1
Pricing Procedure ZSCIL1
ZPR0 Price
ZPAC Packing Charge
ZHA0 Hundi Discount

Sales Order Type ZSOR


Customer 17
Item 10 Qty 10
1217
Price 4,00,000
INR

Condition Type: ZPR0


Access Sequence: PR00

Access Sequence: PR00


8 Customer with release
status
10 customer/material
15 plant/customer/material

4
Condition record for ZPR0
No valid Record found

1 pc = 40,000 INR

Valid Record Found

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1. The system determines the pricing procedure according to information


defined in the sales document type and the customer master record.
2. The pricing procedure defines the valid condition types and the
sequence in which they appear in the sales order. In the example, the
system takes the first condition type (ZPR0) in the pricing procedure and
begins the search for a valid condition record.
3. Each condition type in the pricing procedure can have an access
sequence assigned to it. In this case, the system uses access sequence
PR00. The system checks the accesses until it finds a valid condition
record. (Although you cannot see this in the diagram, each access
specifies a particular condition table. The table provides the key with
which the system searches for records).
4. In the example, the first access is unsuccessful. The system moves on
to the next access and finds a valid record.
5. The system determines the price according to information stored in
the condition record. Appropriate price. In the example, the system
determines a price of 40,000 per piece.
The system repeats this process for each condition type in the pricing
procedure determines a final price.

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Pricing
The following sections describe how pricing is controlled. Before you set
up new control elements, you should check in how far the control
elements defined in the standard version of the SAP R/3 system meet
your requirements.
The following aspects are of significance for controlling pricing

Condition type
Using the condition types, you define which types of prices,
discounts, and surcharges exist in the SAP system. The condition
types which are pre-defined in the standard SAP delivery system
include:

customer-specific discount

freight charge

material surcharge

price list price

Condition table
In the condition table, you specify the combination of fields for
which you want to create a condition record.
For example, you can create a condition record for a price which is
dependent on:
o

sales organization

distribution channel

division

customer

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Access sequence
The access sequence is a search strategy with which the SAP
system searches for valid condition records for each condition type
during pricing. The access sequence refers to the fields which are
relevant for pricing using the condition tables contained in the
access sequence.
Using the access sequence, you can control that the SAP system
first of all searches for a customer-specific price and then for a
price list price.

Pricing procedure
In the pricing procedure you specify the condition types which are
to be used in pricing. At the same time, you define the sequence in
which the condition types are to be brought into play.
Which pricing procedure is valid for a business transaction depends
on the following criteria:
o

customer

sales document type

sales area

You also need to take the following points into account:

Pricing for a document item depends on its item category. You


must make the appropriate settings for all item categories for
which pricing should be carried out. Pricing is not activated, for
example, for free of charge items.

Also, check how the copying of pricing data is controlled in the SD


documents ( document flow).
For example, you specify in the document flow how prices are
copied from sales order into a billing document.

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In addition, you must define master data fields which are relevant
for pricing.
For example, you must specify a price group for a customer if you
want to use this price group for pricing.

Define the degree of responsibility your employees have for


conditions.

If the cost price is to be determined during pricing, you must


classify the item categories appropriately.

Note
You define pricing for each sales area. You can use sales area assignment
to apply the same pricing rules to more than one sales area. (see Section
"Define common master data").
Transport interface
In the transport, all objects which were maintained in Customizing for
controlling pricing are transported. In the correction which is created for
the transport, check the table entries and delete any entries which are not
to be transported.
Additional information
You will find further information on this subject in the SD "Guide to
Pricing and Conditions".
Pricing Control
The following steps describe how you should set up pricing control in the
system.
You should be familiar with the pricing criteria before making the
necessary settings for pricing in the SAP System.
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Check how prices as well as surcharges and discounts are created. For
example, determine whether different prices apply to individual
customers or customer groups and how surcharges and discounts are
calculated.
Check whether separate pricing is carried out for individual business
transactions. You may levy specific freight surcharges for rush orders, for
example.
Specify at what point in time prices are determined (e.g. for sales
promotions, price increases, etc.). Also clarify who is responsible for
determining prices.
Afterwards, adjust your pricing dependencies to the pricing criteria in the
SAP System. To do this, see the following steps.

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Create Condition Table


You define price dependencies. You can make prices, surcharges, and
discounts dependent on almost all the fields in a document. You define
these dependencies using the condition tables. In a condition table, you
define the combination of fields for which you can create condition
records .
Recommendation
Do not change the condition tables in the standard system.
Activities
1. Check to what extent you can use the condition tables contained
in the standard system.
To do this, you can display the condition tables.
2. Before you create a new condition table, you should check
whether the fields listed in the field catalog meet your
requirements. If you require a field in pricing which is not intended
for this usage in the standard system, you must enter it in the field
catalog. You can only enter fields from tables KOMG, KOMK or
KOMP.
3. Create new condition tables. Copy a similar condition table and
proceed as follows:
o

Enter the name of the table you want to create.


Bear in mind that you can only choose names between 501
and 999. If you do not make a specification, the system
automatically assigns a sequential number.

Specify whether you would like to create the table with or


without a validity period.
Enter a description for the condition table.

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o

Select the required fields for the condition table from the list
of the permitted fields listed in the field catalog.
Generate the new condition table.

Note
If, for example, you want to make pricing dependent on the ship-to
party, you can only select the customer field in the condition table. You
cannot specify the ship-to party in the condition tables since only
customer master records exist. It is not until you create an order
document that you have the specific function 'ship-to party'. When you
subsequently define the access, you can assign the ship-to party source
field to the customer field.
4. Specify the condition tables in the access sequences.
This way, you establish the link between condition type, access
sequence and condition record.

Note
For information on entering fields in the tables KOMK, KOMG, and KOMP,
see the System modification section.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define Condition Tables
T-Code: V/03

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Click on
You will have following screen

Click on

you will have following screen

Enter the number between 501-999 and presses enter, you will have
following screen.

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Field Catalogs you can right side. You can select fields by double clicking
on it an it will come on left side.

Click on

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have following screen.

Click on

you will have following screen.

Your table has been saved.


The order of the fields in a condition table affects the performance of the
system during pricing.
Two general guidelines will help you create an efficient condition table:
1. If you select fields that are connected to the structure of your
organization (for example, sales organization and distribution channel),
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assign the fields according to the level of general applicability: Put the
most general field, for example, the sales organization in the highest
position and the most specific field in the lowest.
2. After organizational fields, place fields from the document header
before those that come from the item level. (For example, Customer
comes before Material) After you have selected the fields for the key on
the screen where you maintain and define condition tables, choose F16
Generate to generate the table in the system. Generation prepares the
condition table for storing condition data.

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Define Access Sequences


You define access sequences in this IMG step.
The access sequence is a search strategy which the SAP System uses to
search for condition records valid for a condition type.
For example, you can define for a price that the SAP System first searches
for a customer-specific price and then for a price list price.
Recommendation

If you define your own access sequences, the key should start with
the letter Z since SAP reserves this letter for the standard system.

Do not change access sequences contained in the standard SAP R/3


System.

Actions
1. Check to what extent you can use the access sequences
contained in the standard SAP R/3 System.
2. Create new access sequences by copying a similar access
sequence and changing it according to your needs. Specify an
alphanumeric key which may have up to 4 digits and a textual
description.
3. Maintain the accesses for the access sequence by specifying the
condition tables in the desired sequence. With the sequence, you
define the priority of the accesses. You can display combinations of
key fields using possible entries.
4. Generating the accesses is no longer necessary as of 3.0, as this
is carried out automatically. You can generate the accesses
manually, if required, by choosing "Utilities".

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Improved performance by using pre-step for accesses.

Maintain Access Sequence


IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define Access Sequence
T-Code V/07

Click on
You will have following screen

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Double click on
will appear

you will have following screen

This message serves to warn you that each change you make will have an
effect on all other clients in the system.
Click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

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Enter four alphanumerical key and description for your Access Sequences
and press enter

Select your Access Sequence by clicking on tab


And double click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

Enter require data as shown in above screen


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1. Access Number: For finding you condition record you can assign
access number to your condition table
2. Condition Table
3. Requirement Field: This is use for output determination
4. Exclusive: If you keep this tab tick mark your system spot searching
record after first successful access condition type.
Press enter you will have following screen

select your access as shown in above screen and


double click on
screen

and then press enter you will have following

Click on
you will have change request screen click on
back to above screen
Click on

you will

you will have following screen

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Optimize Accesses
To improve performance, you can optimize the accesses to a condition
type by having the system carry out a pre-step:
You use the pre-step to determine whether the system should first only
search for condition records using the document header data. If the
search is unsuccessful, then this access is not used to search from the
individual items.
The pre-step can only be used for accesses with header and item data.
The greater the average number of items in a document, the more useful
pre-step becomes.
The less likely it is that you will find a valid condition record, the more
useful it is to use pre-step (see the following example).
Example
In pricing, you use a customer-material discount. The condition records
you create are based on customer data from the document header and
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material data from each document item. The discount is only valid for 2%
of your customers, however. Normally, this would mean that the system
would needlessly search through every available item for 98% of your
customers. In this case, pre-step would improve system performance.
Double click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

Enter your condition type and your access number of your access
sequence as shown in above screen

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Press enter and Click on

you will have change request screen click on

you will back to above screen.

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Define Condition Types


Here you define condition types
Price elements are represented in the SAP system by condition types.
Price elements can be, for example, prices, surcharges, discounts, taxes
or, freight, and are stored in the system in condition records.
You can, for example, define whether a discount is calculated as a
percentage or a fixed amount using the condition type.
You specify an access sequence in every condition type. Thus, you define
which fields the SAP system checks when searching for a valid condition
record.
Note

The pricing procedure groups all condition types together which


the SAP system is to automatically take into account during pricing
for a business transaction (see the section "Define and assign
pricing procedures").
Remember that you can only specify manually in a document those
condition types which are contained in the pricing procedure.

You can change the outcome of pricing in the sales document


manually. You can limit options for changing a condition type in
this IMG step.

Recommendation

If you define your own condition types, the key should start with
the letter Z since SAP reserves these letters for that purpose in the
standard system.

Do not change the condition types which are contained in the


standard SAP R/3 System.

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Actions
1. Check to what extent you can use the condition types contained
in the standard SAP R/3 System.
2. Create new condition types by copying a similar conditions type
and changing it according to your requirements. One reason for
creating a new condition type is you may require a calculation rule
for a discount which is not available in the standard system.
Specify an alphanumeric key which can have up to 4 digits, and a
textual description.
Specify an access sequence for the condition types. You do not
need to specify an access sequence for header conditions.
3. Maintain the detail screen of the condition type.
You can also assign a reference condition type if the condition
types you are working with are similar. Then you will only have to
maintain condition records for the reference condition type.
In addition, you can define the upper and lower limits for the value of a
condition at condition type level. This way, you limit the amounts or the
scale values in the corresponding condition records.
Checking settings
You can use the SDCHECKT685A report to check the settings for the
condition types. This is not a complete check but it does, for example,
check the scale type setting for group conditions. For more information,
read the report documentation.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define Condition Type
T-Code V/06

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Click on
You will have following screen

Maintain Condition Type


Click on

you will have following screen

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Select Condition Type PR00


Click on

copy button and you will have following screen

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Change the four alphanumerical key for your condition type and name.

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Press enter than click on save button


screen

Click on
Click on
below

Click on

you will have following pop

your condition type was saved


you will have your condition type in the list as shown in

you will have following screen

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Define upper/lower limits for conditions


conditions
In this step you define lower and upper limit for your condition type.
Up to what extend end-user can change your condition value in a sales
order.
1. Before defining limits your condition must be changeable. you can see
in your condition type in changes which can be made tab

Tick mark in Amount/percent radio button


2. For Condition Type Condition record must be maintain
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Define
Condition Type Define upper/lower limits for conditions
T-Code: OVB2

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Double click on
screen

you will have following

Click on

Enter your data as shown in above screen.


Click on

you will have change request screen

Click on

and you will back to above screen

Click on

you will have following screen

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Check setting
setting for your Condition type
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function PricingDefine
Condition Type Check setting for your Condition Type
In this step you can check setting for your condition type
Double click on
screen

Enter your condition type and click on


will appear

you will have following

you will have following screen

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Here there was no error so this screen is appear.

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Condition Record
Use
This section explains how to perform day-to-day pricing activities during
sales order processing. The section explains how to create and maintain
pricing information by using condition records.
Purpose of Condition Records
Condition records allow you to store and retrieve pricing data in the
system. All the pricing elements daily business - the prices, discounts,
and surcharges for freight and taxes - that you want to use for automatic
pricing must be stored in the system as condition records. You can define
as many condition records as you want for the different pricing elements
for any validity period.
You create condition records for all the pricing elements that the system
takes into account during automatic pricing. During document
processing, the system transfers data from the condition records and
determines the amounts for individual pricing elements (prices, discounts
and surcharges) and the final amount for the sales document.

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SAP
MENU
PATH:
LogisticsSales
and
DistributionMaster
DataConditionsSelect Using Condition TypeCreate
T-Code: VK11
Double click on

you will have following screen

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Enter your condition type for which you want to create condition record
Note: You can only create condition record for those conditions that has
access sequence.
Here I enter ZPR0 for which I want to create condition record

Press enter you will have following screen

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In above screen you can see key Combination pop-up screen appear.
Here it appear because access sequence has more than one table
Select key combination for which you want to create condition record.

And click on

you will have following screen

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Enter your Sales Organization, Distribution Channel, Customer, Material,


Amount (Material Price), Unit (Currency), Per (Price per unit of
measurement), UoM (unit of measurement)
After entering necessary data press enter you will have following screen

As shown in above screen validation dates takes from your condition


type.
Press enter and Click on
Click on

you will back to above screen.

you will have Sap Essay Menu

Maintain Scales
Scales for Condition
In this step you define Scale for you price. When you create a condition
record for a pricing element, you can define a pricing scale.
In the standard system, a pricing scale can be based on any of the
following criteria:
_ Value
_ Quantity
_ Gross weight
_ Net weight
_ Volume
_ A formula specific to your requirements

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The scale basis is defined in Customizing for Sales for each condition
type.
Go to your condition record use T-Code: VK12

Enter Condition Type and press enter you will have following screen

Select your key combination and click on

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you will have following screen

Enter relevant data as shown in above screen and click on


have following screen.

In this screen click on

you will

you will have following screen.

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Here our Scale Base type is Quantity enter data as shown in above screen.
Press enter and click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have Sap Essay Menu

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Tracking Cumulative Values With Condition Update


Special offers and discounts to customers are frequently offered as part
of a sales promotion based on accumulated sales order data. For
example, when your customers place orders for a new product, you may
offer them an introductory allowance up to a specified total value (for
example, up to INR 5 lacs ). As a customer places orders for the new
product, the system must be able to keep track of the cumulative
discount total.
Condition update is controlled by the condition type in setting
Customizing for Sales. If you set the condition update for a particular
condition type, the system subsequently updates the corresponding
condition records whenever you process relevant sales and billing
documents.

As shown in above screen for use of this function this tick mark must be
there in condition type.
Condition update provides the basis for the following pricing functions:
_ Maximum Value
_ Maximum quantity
_ Maximum Number of Sales Orders

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For understanding this concept I take condition discount type ZDIC

Maximum Values
Provided that the condition update function is active for a particular
condition type, you can create condition records that specify a maximum
cumulative value. The system uses the condition value of an item as the
basis for the cumulative value.
T-Code VK11

Enter your condition type and press enter you will have following screen

Here we give customer 2% discount

Now click on

you will have following screen

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Here we enter max. condition value 10,000. It is mean As the customer


places sales orders for the item, the system keeps track of the cumulative
discount value and stores this data at condition record level. Once the
cumulative discount value reaches INR 10,000, the system automatically
deactivates the discount.

Press enter and click on

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have sap easy menu

After creating sales order you can track cumulative value for condition
type

Maximum Quantities
You can create condition records that specify a maximum cumulative
quantity. The system uses the condition base value of an item as the
basis for the cumulative quantity. In most cases for the condition base,
this involves a quantity. It is also possible to enter maximum quantities in
weight and volume for a condition record.
T-Code: VK11

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Here I use condition ZDIS press enter

Enter all necessary data and click on

you will have following screen

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Here we enter Max.cond.base value 200 pc


Here, we specify that a customer receives a 50 INR discount for a 1219
(Children Bike) material up to a maximum cumulative order quantity of
200 peaces. As the customer places sales orders for the item, the system
keeps track of the cumulative value (in this example, the number of
peaces) and stores this data at the condition record level. Once the
cumulative value reaches 200 peaces, the system automatically
deactivates the discount.
Click on

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have SAP easy menu

Maximum Number of Sales Orders


You can specify the maximum number of orders in a condition record.
For example, you offer your customers a special discount on a new
product. You want the discount to count for the introductory order and
for one refill order. The system keeps track of the number of orders the
customer places and, after the maximum number is reached,
automatically deactivates the condition record. After deactivation the
condition type no longer appears on the pricing screen in the order. In
addition, the system automatically stores statistical data for condition
records where a maximum number of orders are specified.
T-Code:
Code: VK11

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Here we use condition type ZDIS press enter

Enter all necessary data and click on

you will have following screen

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Here we enter Maximum Number of orders 2


Customer place for order for particular material system keep track for
that order and when customer place order and reach maximum number
of order than this condition is automatically deactivate.
Note: You can only use one of the following at a time for condition type
Maximum Condition Value
Maximum Number of Orders
Maximum Condition Base Value

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Define And Assign Pricing Procedures


You define the pricing procedures in this step. In addition, you assign the
pricing procedures to the transactions by defining the following
dependencies:

Customer

Sales document type

Sales area

In the pricing procedure, you define which condition types should be


taken into account and in which sequence. During pricing, the SAP
System automatically determines which pricing procedure is valid for a
business transaction and it takes the condition types contained in it into
account one after the other.
The determination of the procedure depends on the following factors:

Customer determination procedure


You specify the customer determination procedure in the customer
master record for each sales area.

Document pricing procedure


You specify the document pricing procedure for each sales
document type and billing type.

To determine the procedure, you allocate the customer determination


procedure and the document pricing procedure to a pricing procedure
within a sales area.

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SAP Recommendation

Define your own pricing procedures which contain only those


condition types which you use. Otherwise, the system makes
unnecessary accesses to conditions.

Do not change the pricing procedures contained in the standard


SAP R/3 System.

Actions
1. Create new pricing procedures by copying a similar pricing
procedure.
o

Specify a key with up to 6 characters and a description.


For a procedure, specify the condition types in the sequence
of their usage.

Maintain the lines of the pricing procedure


2. Afterwards define the customer determination procedures for
determining the procedure.
3. Define the document pricing procedures for determining the
procedure.
4. Assign the procedure to the sales document types and billing
types.
5. To determine the procedure, define the allowed combinations of:
o

Sales area

Customer determination procedure

Document pricing procedure

Pricing procedure

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Check settings
You can check the settings for your pricing procedures. This is not a
complete check. It mainly checks the requirements and calculation
formulas for standard condition types. Refer to the report documentation
for more information.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define And Assign Pricing Procedures

Click on
You will have following screen

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Maintain Pricing Procedure


T-Code V/08
Click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

Enter
1. up to six alphanumerical key
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2. Description for your pricing procedure.


3. Indicator whether your procedure is special pricing procedure e.g.
inter-company or rebate pricing procedure.
4. Specifies how the system treats pricing data when copying
documents.
After entering data press enter select your pricing procedure and
you will have following screen
Click on

Click on

you will have following screen

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Here I show you one of my clients pricing procedure you can configure
pricing procedure as per your requirement.
You can read effect of each field of pricing procedure in Explain each
field of SAP doc folder.
Click on
you will have change request screen click on
back to above screen
Click on

you will

you will have following screen

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Define Customer Pricing Procedure

Here you Determines which pricing procedure the system should apply
when you create a sales document for the customer.
Use
You can define different pricing procedures for your system. A pricing
procedure determines the type and sequence of conditions that the
system uses for pricing in, for example, a sales order.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define And Assign Pricing ProceduresDefine Customer Pricing
Procedure
T-Code: OVKP
Double click on

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have following screen

Enter one character key and its description as shown in above screen.
Click on
you will have change request screen click on
you will
back to above screen
Note: Do not forgot to assign your customer pricing procedure to your
customer master record
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IN Customer Master Sales Area Data- Sales View

As seen in above screen you have to assign here

Click on

Define Document Pricing Procedure

Here you define the key that specifies the pricing procedure for this type
of sales document.
Use
During pricing, the system determines the pricing procedure by taking
into account

The sales area

The pricing procedure key in the header of the sales document type

The pricing procedure key in the customer master record

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The pricing procedure determines how the system carries out pricing for
a particular sales document (for example, which pricing condition records
it accesses and in which sequence).
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define And Assign Pricing ProceduresDefine document
Pricing Procedure
T-Code: OVKI
Double click on
screen

you will have following

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Click on

you will have following screen

Enter one character key and its description as shown in above screen.
you will have change request screen click on
Click on
back to above screen

you will

Click on

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Assign Document Pricing Procedure to your Order Type


Type
Here you assign your Document Pricing Procedure to your Sales
Document type
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define And Assign Pricing ProceduresAssign Document
Pricing Procedure To Your Order Type.
T-Code: OVKJ
Double on
screen

you will have following

As shown in above screen assign your document pricing procedure to


your sales document type.
you will have change request screen click on
Click on
back to above screen

you will

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Click on

Assign Document Pricing Procedure to Billing Type:


Type:
In this step you assign you document pricing procedure to your billing
type.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Control Define And Assign Pricing Procedures Assign document
pricing procedures to billing types.
T-Code: OVTP
Double click on
following screen

you will have

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As shown in above screen assign your document pricing procedure to


your billing type.
you will have change request screen click on
Click on
back to above screen

you will

Click on

Define Pricing Procedure Determination :


To determine the procedure, define the allowed combinations of:
o

Sales area

Customer determination procedure

Document pricing procedure

Pricing procedure

IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing


Control Define And Assign Pricing ProceduresDefine Pricing
Procedure Determination
T-Code: OVKK

Double on

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have following screen

Enter you Sales Area, Document Pricing Procedure, Customer Pricing


Procedure and Pricing Procedure as shown in above screen.
you will have change request screen click on
Click on
back to above screen

you will

Click on
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Check Settings for Pricing Procedures:


Procedures:

You can check the settings for your pricing procedures. This is not a
complete check. It mainly checks the requirements and calculation
formulas for standard condition types. Refer to the report documentation
for more information.

Double on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

There is no errors found in customizing

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Define Pricing By Item Category


You set the following defaults in this step:

Pricing for each item category


Here, you define the item categories for which pricing should be
carried out and whether the item value should be taken into
account when determining the total value of a sales document.

Pricing data when copying (document flow)


Via the document flow, you define how the SAP System should
handle the automatically determined and manually entered
conditions when copying sales documents and billing documents.
For example, you can define that only manual conditions are copied
from the reference document into the target document or that the
SAP System carries out pricing again in the target document.

Default settings
In the standard SAP R/3 System, the condition type "VPRS" is predefined
for determining the cost.
Actions
1. Define for each item category whether the SAP System should
carry out pricing.
In addition, define whether the item value is used for statistical
purposes or whether it should be included in determining the total
value.
2. Define the type of pricing for the item categories when copying
sales documents and billing documents. The copying options
allowed for the item categories are defaulted automatically.
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You define the copying options when defining the sales document
types (see the section "Transactions" --> "Define document flow
for transactions").

IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Master Data Basic Functions


Pricing Pricing Control Pricing Control Define Pricing By Item
Category
Click on

you will have following screen

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Active Pricing
Pricing for Item Categories
T-Code: OVK0

Double click on
screen

you will have following

Here you can see your Item category is pricing relevant or not if not than
must mark as pricing relevant.
1. Carry out pricing
It indicates whether the system automatically carries out pricing at the
item level.
Example
The system carries out pricing for standard items in a sales order. In the
case of text items, however, pricing would not make sense.
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2. Statistical values
It indicates whether the system takes the value of an item into account
when it determines the total value of a document.
After making setting do not forgot to save.

Active Cost Determination for Item Categories


Define for each item category whether the cost should be determined
during pricing. Bear in mind that the pricing procedure has to contain a
condition type (for example, condition type "VPRS") for determining the
cost.
Use:
When processing a sales document, the SAP System can determine the
cost for each item. The cost refers to the costs of procurement or
production of goods. It is an important indicator for costing a profit
margin for the sales of goods.

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Double click on
following screen

you

will

have

It indicates whether, during pricing, the system determines the cost


(stock value) of a sales document item.
If you want to determine cost for your item categories than tick mark it.
Do not forget to save.

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Maintain PricePrice-Relevant Master Data Fields:


Fields:
In this section you check and define the master data fields relevant to
pricing in the customer and material master record.
Among other things, you can use the following fields for pricing:

Price list type in the customer master record for each sales area

Price group in the customer master record for each sales area

Material pricing group in the material master record for each sales
organization and distribution channel

With these indicators, you can group customers or materials together for
which the same conditions are to apply.
Furthermore, you can make pricing dependent on all master data fields
which are copied into the sales & distribution documents. For example,
the following could be master data fields in the documents:

Customer number

Material number

Shipping conditions

Actions
1. Check whether the master data fields are used for pricing in your
company, and if so in what form.
2. Define your price list types.
Specify an alphanumeric key with up to 2 characters and a
description.
3. Define your price groups.
Specify an alphanumeric key with up to 2 characters and a
description.
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4. Define your material pricing groups.


Specify an alphanumeric key with up to 2 characters and a
description.
5. Make sure that the indicators are entered in the customer master
records and the material master records.

Price list type


It identifies a price list or other condition type (for example, a surcharge
or discount).
Use
You can define price list types according to the needs of your own
organization. Price list types can be grouped according to:

the kind of price list (for example, wholesale or retail)

the currency in which the price appears

the number of the price list type

You can use price list types to apply conditions during pricing or to
generate statistics.
Procedure
In the customer master record, enter one of the values predefined for
your system. The system proposes the value automatically during sales

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order processing. You can change the value manually in the sales
document header.

IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Maintain


Price-Relevant Mater Data FieldsDefine price list categories for
customers

Click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have following screen

Specify an alphanumeric key with up to 2 characters and a description


Click on
Click on

you will have following screen

Price group (customer)


It is a grouping of customers who share the same pricing requirements.
Use
You can define price groups according to the needs of your organization
and create pricing records for each group. You can, for example, define a
group of customers to whom you want to give the same kind of discount.

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You can assign a price group to an individual customer either in the


customer master record or in the sales document.
Procedure
The system can propose the price group from the customer master
record. You can change the proposed value manually in the sales
document at both header and item level.

IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Maintain


Price-Relevant Mater Data Fields Define pricing groups for customers

Click on

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have following screen

Specify an alphanumeric key with up to 2 characters and a description.


Click on
Click on

you will have following screen

Material Pricing Group


Group
A way of grouping materials to which you want to apply the same
conditions.
Use
You can create condition records for a material pricing group using the
following condition types:

Material pricing group (for example, all non-food products)

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A combination of customer and material pricing group

A combination of price group and material group (for example, all


wholesale customers and all non-food products)

IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Maintain


Price-Relevant Mater Data Fields Define material groups
Click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

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Click on
Click on

you will have IMG screen

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Maintain Pricing Report


In this menu option, you define the screen layout for pricing reports. You
use pricing reports to analyze condition records according to different
criteria. Technically, pricing reports are ABAP/4 programs.
Note
The standard SAP R/3 System contains predefined pricing reports which
you can start using the application menu.
Actions
1. Display the pricing reports defined in the standard SAP R/3
System to check to what extent you can use them.
2. Create new pricing reports. To do this, proceed as follows:
a) Enter a two-digit description (with a character as the first
digit) and the title of the pricing report you want to create.
b) All key fields which are used in conditions appear in
alphabetical order on the following data screen. Select all key
fields which should be used in the pricing report.
If you choose Edit->Further processing with AND, all
condition tables will be evaluated that contain at least one of
the
selected
key
fields. If you choose Edit->Further processing with OR, only
the condition tables that contain all the selected key fields
will
c) be evaluated. Select all condition tables which should be
analyzed in the next dialog box.
d) Choose "Position fields" to define the screen layout of the
pricing report. Make sure that all key fields from the selected
tables appear on the following data screen.
Fields which should not be used as selection criteria later on
when displaying the list, can be suppressed by cancelling the
check mark in the "Selection" column.
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You can also indicate fields as obligatory on the selection


screen.
e)

Click on

you will have following screen

IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Maintain


Pricing Reports

Click on

you will have following screen

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Enter name and title for your pricing report

Click on

for selecting fields you will have following screen

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Select Sales Organization field and click on


following screen

you will have

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Select any one table for which you want to create pricing report click
on

you will have following screen

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Make tick mark for all check box in default values for the selection
screen
Click on

you will have following pop-up

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Click on

Click on

you will have following massage on status bar

you will have img screen

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Condition Exclusion
In this step, you can set up exclusion procedures for groups of conditions
and for individual condition types or records.

Condition Exclusion For Groups Of Conditions


If several condition records are valid for pricing in a document item, you
can define rules that specify which condition records are and are not
included. You use condition exclusion for this purpose.
You control condition record exclusion using exclusion groups. An
exclusion group is a list of condition types which are compared with each
other during pricing and result in the exclusion of an entire group or
individual condition types within a group.
Thus, the result of pricing can be influenced with regard to a required
criterion (for example, best price) by excluding certain condition types
while others are taken into account during pricing.
Example
You can define a condition exclusion which determines the best
price for the customer and excludes other less favorable results of
pricing. The best price then reverses the priority of condition types
which would have been predefined by the access sequence.
The tables for condition exclusion are empty when delivered. You
therefore have to carry out the following steps if you want to use
condition exclusion:

Define condition exclusion groups

Allocate condition types to the condition exclusion groups

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Enter condition exclusion groups in the pricing procedure and


specify a procedure for determining the condition types to be
excluded

Actions
1. Create a condition exclusion group by entering an alphanumeric
key with a maximum of four characters and a description.
2. Allocate the condition types to a condition exclusion group. A
condition exclusion group can contain any number of condition
types.
3. Enter the condition exclusion group in the pricing procedure that
you use in pricing (Go to -> Exclusion groups ).
Note the sequence (sequential number) in which the exclusion
groups should be processed.
You can use two exclusion groups for condition exclusion. In this
case, you must choose the procedure "C" which determines the
best price between two exclusion groups.

Click on

you will have following screen

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Define Condition Exclusion Groups


IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing
Condition Exclusion  Condition Exclusion for Group of Conditions
Define Condition Exclusion Groups
T-Code: OV31
Click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

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Create a condition exclusion group by entering an alphanumeric key


with a maximum of four characters and a description.
Click on

you will have change request pop-up screen click on

you will back to above screen

Click on

you will have following screen

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Assign condition types to the exclusion groups


IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing
Condition Exclusion  Condition Exclusion for Group of Conditions
Assign condition types to the exclusion groups
T-Code: OV32
Click on
screen

you will have following

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Click on

you will have following screen

Enter your exclusion group and assign your Discount condition type press
enter.
Click on
you will have change request pop-up screen click on
you will back to above screen
Click on

you will have following screen

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Maintain condition exclusion for pricing procedures


IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Condition
Exclusion  Condition Exclusion for Group of Conditions Maintain
condition exclusion for pricing procedure
T-Code: VOK8
Click on
screen

you will have following

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Select you pricing procedure as shown in above screen click on


you will have following screen

Click on

you will have following screen

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Here you maintain that, the procedure according to which the selection is
carried out within or between the condition exclusion groups is defined
in the pricing procedure. The following options are possible:

Selection of the most (least) favorable condition type within a


condition exclusion group

Selection of the most (least) favorable condition record of a


condition type, if more valid condition records exist (for example,
selection from different condition records of the condition type
PR00)

Selection of the most (least) favorable of two condition exclusion


groups (in this case, all condition types of the two groups are
cumulated and the totals are compared)

Exclusion procedure: If a condition type in the first group exists in


the document, all condition types in the second group are set to
inactive.

Enter all relevant data as shown in above screen


Click on
you will have change request pop-up screen click on
you will back to above screen
Click on

you will have IMG screen

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Condition Exclusion for Condition Types and Records


In this step, you define a condition exclusion indicator.
You can set this indicator in a condition record or condition type. The
indicator is set in the document during pricing and can then be used to
query requirements. Requirements are maintained in the pricing
procedure and allow you to specify if a condition is to be used in certain
situations.
Example
When the system determines a very low price, you want to void all other
discounts.
Proceed as follows:

Mark a condition type or an individual record in the condition type


with a condition exclusion indicator, for example with 'X' for net
price.

For all discounts which you want to void when this net price is
used, enter a routine for the pricing procedure in the requirements
column. This routine reads the indicator and sets the condition to
inactive when it is set to 'X'. The standard system includes
requirement 2 which has a similar function.

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Click on

you will have following screen

Enter one character alphanumerical key and its description as shown in


above screen

It indicates whether the system automatically excludes the discounts that


are proposed during pricing.
Use
You can set this indicator in two ways:

For a particular condition record (the field appears on the Details


screen)

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For all records of a particular condition type (the field appears on


the screen where you define the condition type)

Note
If you set the indicator to exclude conditions, there are several things to
consider:

The system will still take into account any condition supplements
that are part of the condition record for the price (condition type
PR00, for example)

You can allow for exceptions where you want to include discounts
in spite of the condition exclusion indicator (for a particular
discount condition you can specify a requirement that applies the
discount ONLY when the indicator is set)

Click on
you will have change request pop-up screen click on
you will back to above screen
Click on

you will have IMG screen

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Pricing Agreements
You can group condition records together using agreements for the
purpose of sales deals - comparable to rebate agreements.
You can define agreement types for promotions and sales deals and
specify different condition types and condition tables.

Define Promotions
A promotion is a marketing plan for a certain product line (for example,
during the market launch).
A promotion can be made up of several sales deals.
In Customizing, you have the following options for controlling
promotions:

Define promotion type

Set up number ranges for promotions, if necessary


The same number range is used for promotions as in rebate
processing. If you want to use separate number ranges, make the
appropriate setting.

Enter the overview screen displayed for the user to create master
data

Note
The same authorization object is used for promotions as for rebate
processing (V_KONA_VKO).
Actions
1. Enter a numeric key with a maximum of four digits and a
description for the promotion type.
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2. On the detail screen, specify control data, such as:


o

Agreement category "P" for promotion

Validity period proposed as a default value

Overview screen

3. If necessary, create new number ranges (internal or external).


Transport
You transport number range objects as follows:
Choose Interval -> Transport in the accounting document Number Range
screen.
All intervals for the selected number range object are deleted in the
target system first. After the import, only the intervals you export are
present. The number statuses are imported with their values at the time
of export.
Dependent tables are not transported or converted.

Click on

you will have following screen

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Maintain Promotion Type


IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Agreement  Define Promotion Type Maintain Promotion Types

Click on

you will have following screen

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We copy from the standard click on

you will have following screen

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Enter four character alphanumerical key for your and its description for
your promotion type
Press enter and Click on
click on

Click on

you will have change request Pop-Up screen

you will have following screen

you will have IMG screen

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Click on
agreements

for

number

ranges

for

Set up Sales Deals


In this unit, make the necessary settings for sales promotions.

Define
Define Sales Deals
A sales deal defines a marketing deal for a certain product. Depending on
the setting, it can be allocated to a higher-level promotion.
Special condition records can be allocated to a sales deal. If relevant, the
records also contain the number of the promotion allocated to the sales
deal.
The control of sales deals includes the following options in Customizing:

Define agreement types for sales deals


The agreement type indicates the type of the sales deal, for
example, whether it refers to a product or product line. The
standard system contains sales deal type 0020.

Define and allocate condition type groups


A condition type group defines a group of condition types and
condition tables which can be used together in the sales deal.
Using the condition type group, it is possible to deal with individual
products differently in a sales deal and, for example, to grant
discounts specific to a customer or material.

Actions
Proceed as follows to define your own sales deals:

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1. Create an agreement type by specifying a numeric key with a


maximum of four digits and a description for the agreement type.
2. Specify the different control data on the detail screen of the
agreement type (for example, validity period as default value,
overview screen). In the agreement hierarchy, specify whether an
allocation to a promotion may, can or must be made.
3.
4. Note
5. Further down in the Pricing chapter in Overviews you can also
select a certain overview for sales deals as the default screen for
maintenance of master data. For example, you can define an
overview that should only be displayed for maintaining payment
conditions for certain condition records.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Agreement Set up Sales Deal Define Sales Deals

Click on

you will have following screen

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Click on

Select 0020 and click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

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Enter four character alphanumerical key and its description and Press
Enter and Click on
click on

Click on

you will have change request Pop-Up screen

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

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Click on
rages for agreements

if you want to create number

Condition Type Groups


In this IMG activity you define condition type groups which contain a
group of condition types and tables and which you can assign to an
agreement type.

Define Condition Type Groups


In this IMG activity you define condition type groups which determine a
group of condition types and tables for a sales deal.
Activities
1. First check whether you can copy the condition type groups from
the standard release. If not, proceed as follows:
2. Enter a key with the maximum of four digits as well as a
description for the condition type group.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Agreement Set up Sales Deal Condition Type Group Define
Condition Type Groups

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Click on

Click on

you will have following screen

you will have following screen

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Enter four character alphanumerical key and description for your


condition type group. Here you mention category type for condition
whether it is sales deal or rebate.

Click on
you will have change request Pop-Up screen click on
you will have following screen

Click on

you will have IMG screen

Assign Condition Types/Tables to Condition type Groups


In this IMG activity you carry out mapping from condition types and
condition tables to condition type groups.
Activities
1. Enter the key for the condition type group.
2. Enter a sequential number in numerators for the conditions.
3. Assign a condition type as well as a condition table to the
condition type group.
IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing
Agreement Set up Sales Deal Condition Type GroupAssign
Condition Types/Tables to Condition type Groups

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Click on

you will have following screen

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Click on

you will have following screen

Assign your condition type/table to your condition type group press enter
you will have change request Pop-Up screen click on
Click on
you will have following screen

Click on

you will have IMG screen

Assign Condition Type Groups/Sales Deals


In this IMG activity you can carry out mapping between agreement type
and condition type groups.
Activities
Assign a condition type group to the agreement type by entering a four
digit key from the corresponding group.

IMG PATH: Sales and Distribution Basic Function Pricing Pricing


Agreement Set up Sales Deal Condition Type GroupAssign
Condition Type Groups/Sales Deals

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Click on

you will have following screen

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Assign your condition type group to your promotion type as shown above
screen press enter
Click on
you will have change request Pop-Up screen click on
you will have following screen
Click on

you will have IMG screen

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Question & Answer


1. Could you explain what condition technique in SAP is?
i. Hierarchy of elements defining a data combination which leads to
certain actions.
ii. In pricing the condition technique refers to the method by which the
system determines prices from information stored in condition records.
In Sales and Distribution, the various elements used in the condition
technique are set up and controlled in Customizing. During sales order
processing, the system uses the condition technique to determine a
variety of important pricing information.

2. Name three areas/processes which use condition technique in SD?


i. Material determination, Output determination, Account determination.

3. What are the four basic elements of condition technique?


i. Condition Types, Condition Tables, Access Sequences, Pricing
Procedures.

4. Please explain graphically the relationship between the four basic


elements in condition techniques?
i. Procedures Condition Types Access Sequence Condition Tables
Condition Records.

5. Explain what a pricing procedure is?


i. The primary job of a pricing procedure is to define a group of condition
types in a particular sequence. The pricing procedure also determines:
- Which sub-totals appear during pricing
- To what extent pricing can be influenced manually
- Which method the system uses to calculate percentage discounts and
surcharges
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- which requirements for a particular condition type must be fulfilled


before the system takes the condition into account.

6. Explain what a condition table and an access sequence is and the


relationship between them?
i. A condition table defines the combination of fields (the key) that
identifies an individual condition record. A condition record is how the
system stores the specific condition data that you enter in the system as
condition records. For example, when you enter the price for a product or
a special discount for a good customer, you create individual condition
records.
ii. An access sequence is a search strategy that the system uses to find
valid data for a particular condition type. It determines the sequence in
which the system searches for data. The access sequence consists of one
or more accesses. The sequence of the accesses establishes which
condition records have priority over others. The accesses tell the system
where to look first, second, and so on, until it finds a valid condition
record. You specify an access sequence for each condition type for which
you create condition records.

7. What is a condition type? What are the two main groups of condition
types?
i. A condition type is a representation in the system of some aspect of
your daily pricing activities. For example, you can define a different
condition type for each kind of price, discount, or surcharge that occurs
in your business transactions.
ii. Fixed Amount & Percentage.

8. Is SD the only module that uses condition technique?


i. No.

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9. What is a condition supplement and why would you use it?


i. A condition supplement is a supplement for a particular condition type.
For example, you can include a supplement every time you apply a
material price. The supplement can contain various discounts. During
pricing, the system automatically applies the discounts defined in the
supplement every time it accesses a material price. You define for which
condition types you want to use condition supplements in Customizing
for Sales.

10. Which partner function is relevant when it comes to tax calculation in


the sales order?
i. Ship-to party.

11. Name at least three different condition types in pricing?


i. Price, Discounts, Freight. PROO, K007, KF00.

12. You can create scales for prices and discounts. Name the four
possible scale basis in R/3.
i. Value, Quantity, Gross weight, Net weight, Volume.

13. Where would you specify that a condition type is a discount or a


surcharge?
i. In Condition Type Details Screen.

14. If somebody adds price elements manually in the sales order or if


somebody changes a discount the system determined automatically, do
you have a possibility to see that in the sales order?
i. Yes.
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15. You want to list all condition records for a certain material or a
certain sales organization. How would you do that?
i. By creating Pricing Reports.
16. Does the pricing procedure apply for the pricing data at item level or
for the pricing data at header level?
i. Both.

17. When you create a header condition manually in the sales order the
system can copy the values in different ways to the items. Where would
you specify how the system should process?
i. Condition Type.

18. Which data do you have to maintain in SD so that the system can
determine the sales taxes in the sales order automatically?
i. Tax rate with or without Jurisdiction.

19. What does the condition exclusion indicator do for you?


i. The system can exclude conditions so that they are not taken into
account during pricing in sales documents.

20. Can you explain what a statistical condition is? Give an example for a
statistical condition?
i. VPRS.

21.
21. For what do you use customer hierarchies?
i. Pricing , Rebate.

22. Can you track cumulative values in R/3? If yes, it could be based on

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what?
i. Yes. Maximum Value, Maximum Orders, Maximum Quantity.

23. If you want to make sure that conditions records apply for a certain
time period only what would you have to do?
i. Validity Period to be specified in condition record.

24. What is a group condition?


i. Condition which can be used to determine a scale value based on more
than one item in a document. The system groups the items using either
the condition key for the appropriate condition record or a separately
defined condition key.

25. Name the influencing factors for pricing procedure determination


during sales order entry?
i. Customer, Sales Document Type and Sales Area.

26. Can you copy condition records? If yes, are there any restrictions?
i. Yes. Field specific.

27. If you create a new condition type-do you also have to create a new
condition table and a new access sequence?
i. Yes.

28. Where can you specify that a condition is mandatory?


i. In Pricing Procedure.

29. Tax jurisdiction processing is a close link between which two


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modules?
i. FI & SD.

30. Do you have to create a condition record for taxes in the SD


application?
i. Yes.

31. Where is data about conditions stored?


In conditions records

32. What does a condition type do?


It determines the category of a condition and how it is used
33. What is an access sequence?
It is a search strategy defined for the sequence in which the system reads
the condition records for a condition type
34. What is a condition table?
It is a combination of fields, which form the key for a condition record
35. At what other stage of COM (Customer Order Management) can
pricing be re-determined?
At billing time
36. How many condition tables used for each access sequence?
One or more
37. Condition records are always created using a ------------Specific key
38. Can new condition records be created w.r.f to existing records?
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Yes
39. Which condition type override a price or order value at header level?
Condition type HM00
40. Which condition type used to create a minimum price for a material?
Condition type PMIN
41. What does VPRS condition type in pricing?
It gives the standard cost of the material
42. What does commercial rounding mean in rounding rule of condition
type?
It will round up nearest to the digit
43. Which two condition types are used in determining the customer
expected price?
EDI1 and EDI2
44. What does a group condition allow user to do?
Allows to group items together and give the correct discount or
surcharge to the sum or add an item in the group

45. Header conditions have access sequences (T/F)


False
46. You can distribute header conditions using different methods T\F
True
47. The records are retrieved by access sequence (the search strategy) is
general to specific T\F
False
48. SKTO is the condition type is used to retrieve the sales tax rate T\F
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False
49. One condition type can be maintained as header condition and item
condition as well T\F
True
50. Condition table is the link between condition type and access
sequence (T\F)
False
51. Please, explain condition records in pricing
Condition record is the place where you maintain the specific vale for the
particular condition table. And if that condition is met then the specific
value maintained against that record would be pulled by the system
The "condition record" is a area where the price or value is maintained for
a particular condition. Simply the Condition Records are nothing but the
data used by condition types to
calculate pricing To put it more simply.... a condition record is nothing
but the price of a product.

52. Do header condition type have an access sequence?


No

53. What is Cumulative in Condition Records?


There is a field: - "condition update" during configuration for a condition
type (at v/06).is tick mark than we can see sales order value in cumulative
in condition record

54. Where are all condition types permitted.?


All condition are permitted in Pricing Procedure (V\08)
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55. One condition tables can be assigned to how many condition types?
None, Condition Table is assigned to access sequence.

56.
56 Which condition type override a price or order value at header
level?
HM00

57. During automatic calculation of sales taxes than which factors takes
into account by the system?
During automatic calculation of sales taxes, the system takes following
factors into account
The business being transacted is domestic or foreign
Tax classification of the customers (Ship to-party)
Tax classification of material

58. What happens when you do not enter a value for a manual and
mandatory condition type?
The pricing procedure will reject the conditions in the sales order

59. IF you have 3 different access sequences for one condition record
then what will you do?
It is not possible

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60. What happens in the access sequence when you put all the ticks in
the exclusive field?
When you put tick in exclusive field of all access sequences, in my
opinion, it will try to get available data from the first. Only in case, data is
not available, will it move on to the next one.

61. What is meant by condition technique: can we say it is the


combination of condition types, access sequence and condition tables?
Yes

62. Where do we can find pricing procedure indicator in sd ?


Pricing procedure is where we maintain all Conditions (like PR00, K004,
mwst, kp00, etc)

63. What is the importance of requirement field in access sequence?


System will not go to access condition type system will reply through
formula

64. How do you control entry possibility of condition values at order


through condition type settings?
You can maintain the in condition record maximum and minimum value
for all conditions. That will help you control the entry in sales order.

65. What is the standard group condition routine in condition type, what
is its importance?
It will help you to calculate the basis for the scale value when a group
condition occurs in pricing.
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66. What are the customizing settings in pricing procedure for tax
condition type?
Check out the standard pricing procedure RVAA01 - MWST.
67. Condition tables in Pricing are used for storing . (fill in the blank)
Condition record
68. Defining Access Sequences is an activity which is ..(fill in the
blank)
Cross-Client
69. Pricing Procedure is a group of ..(fill in the blank)
Condition types
70. Can you explain condition technique used in SAP?
It is a hierarchy of elements defining a data combination, which leads to
certain actions. In pricing the condition technique refers to the method by
which the system determines prices from information stored in condition
records. In Sales and Distribution, the various elements used in the
condition technique are set up and controlled in Customizing. During
sales order processing, the system uses the condition technique to
determine a variety of important pricing information.
71. Name four basic elements of condition technique
Condition Types, Condition Tables, Access Sequences, Pricing
Procedures.
72. Explain condition table and access sequence and the relationship
between them.
A condition table defines the combination of fields (the key) that
identifies an individual condition record. A condition record is how the
system stores the specific condition data that you enter in the system as
condition records. For example, when you enter the price for a product or
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a special discount for a good customer, you create individual condition


records.
An access sequence is a search strategy that the system uses to find valid
data for a particular condition type. It determines the sequence in which
the system searches for data. The access sequence consists of one or
more accesses. The sequence of the accesses establishes which condition
records have priority over others. The accesses tell the system where to
look first, second, and so on, until it finds a valid condition record. You
specify an access sequence for each condition type for which you create
condition records.
73. What is a condition type? Which are the two main calculation types in
condition types?
A condition type is a representation in the system of some aspect of your
daily pricing activities. For example, you can define a different condition
type for each kind of price, discount, or surcharge that occurs in your
business transactions.
Fixed Amount & Percentage are two main calculation types used in most
condition types.
74. You can create scales for prices and discounts. Name the four
possible scales.
A: Value, Quantity, Gross weight, Net weight, Volume.
75. What is a group condition?
Condition, which can be used to determine a scale, value based on more
than one item in a document. The system groups the items using either
the condition key for the appropriate condition record or a separately
defined condition key.
76. Where would you specify that a condition type is a discount or a
surcharge?
In Condition type definition screen.

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77. Name two header condition types


HB00 (Discount-value) and HD00 (Freight)
78. You want to list all condition records for a certain material or a
certain sales organization. How would you do that?
By usage or creation of pricing reports.
79. What is the function of condition exclusion indicator?
The system can exclude conditions so that they are not taken into
account during pricing in sales documents.
80. Can you explain what a statistical condition is? Give an example for a
statistical condition?
Statistical condition is used in pricing for reporting purpose; the amount
in the condition is not passed on to accounting.
Example of statistical condition type is VPRS Cost.
81. Where can you specify that a condition is mandatory?
in Pricing Procedure.
82. Explain pricing procedure.
The primary job of a pricing procedure is to define a group of condition
types in a particular sequence. The pricing procedure also determines:
- Sub-totals, which appear during pricing
- To what extent pricing can be influenced manually
- Method the system uses to calculate percentage discounts and
surcharges.
- Requirements for a particular condition type, which must be fulfilled
before the system takes the condition into account.
83. Name the influencing factors for pricing procedure determination
during sales order entry.
Customer Pricing Procedure from Sold-to Party customer master record,
Document Pricing Procedure from sales document type and Sales Area.
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84. If you want to make sure that conditions records apply for a certain
time period only, how it can be set?
The Validity Period for particular condition type to be specified in
condition record.
85. In pricing, header-level condition type does not have access
sequence. True / False
True. It does not need access sequence, as condition record is not
required for header-level record
86. A condition record found by an access sequence can always be
changed in the sales order pricing. True / False
False, It can be changed depending on the settings in the definition of
condition type, which allow change of condition in the sales order.
87. Can you post revenues of different types of materials to different G/L
accounts?
Yes. You can configure revenue account determination using material
account assignment group, which is maintained in the material master
89. Which is the standard pricing procedure for US with tax jurisdiction
code?
RVCXUS
90. Do you have to create a condition record for taxes in the SD
application?
For determination of tax condition, condition records need to be
maintained. Example - condition type UTXJ.
91. What is a condition type?
A condition type is a representation in the system of some aspect of your
daily pricing activities. For example, you can define a different condition
type for each kind of price, discount, or surcharge that occurs in your
business transactions.
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92. What is the purpose of a condition record?


Condition records allow you to store and retrieve pricing data in the
system.
All the pricing elements of your daily business like
-Prices
-Discounts
-Surcharges for freight and taxes etc.
that you want to use for automatic pricing must be stored in the system
as condition records.
93. How many pricing screens are there in a sales document?
There are to pricing screens in a sales document
 item pricing screen, which gives the details of the prices for a
particular item
 Header pricing screen, which gives the sum total of all the
prices applied to all the items and conditions, which are
relevant for the whole document.
 NOTE: header conditions do not have access sequence
94. What happens if validity periods overlap?
If validity periods overlap then the system automatically splits the validity
period for the particular rates to be active
95. Set of condition types is termed as condition record. (T/F)
False
96. What are the three ways one can mark a condition type in pricing
procedure?
This are the three way mark in the pricing procedure for defining
condition types characteristic
Manually
Mandatory
Statistic

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