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1) Consider the following model where the error observation is noisy. Error noise [] is independent of [].

[]

[]

Transversal Filter
M weights

[]

[]

[]

[]

2
a) Compare the optimal MSE (Wiener) filters that minimize [ 2 []] and [ []].

b) Discuss the effects of [] in an adaptive operating mode assuming a descent type adaptation with gradient
estimation.

2) Consider the following model where the input observation is noisy. Input noise [] is independent of [].

[]

[]

Transversal Filter
[]

weights

[]

[]

2
a) Compare the optimal MSE (Wiener) filters that minimize [ 2 []] and [ []].

b) Discuss the effects of [] in an adaptive operating mode assuming a descent type adaptation with gradient
estimation.

3) What can you do to improve the convergence speed of an adaptive filter regarding the choice of the
adaptation method and parameter adjustment?

4) Consider an LMS adaptive transversal filter with = 10 weights. The input signal is
[] = cos(1 + ) + sin(2 + )

1 2

where and are independent random variables. The desired response is

[] = 3cos (1 + + ) 2 sin (2 + + ) 2 sin (3 + )


4
4
4
where 1 , 2 , 3 are different.
a) What is the minimum MSE?
b) Can you decrease MSE by increasing ? Why?
c) What can you say about the convergence rate of this filter (convergence of coefficients, convergence of
MSE)?
d) Do you have a recommendation for the type of the adaptation algorithm?

5) The input signal of an adaptive transversal filter is () = ()() where () is a stationary random
signal and () = is a random constant signal.
a) Let () be the autocorrelation matrix of () for a given value of . Explain how the eigenvalues of
() depend on .
b) LMS algorithm is used to update the coefficients of the transversal filter whose input signal is ().
Discuss possible consequences of the presence of () on the convergence rate, excess MSE and
misadjustment. Do you think there may be some shortcomings that should be carefully treated? Explain
your answer.
c) Would you recommend other algorithm(s) for this task? Explain your answer? Why?

6) () and () are independent, zero-mean white signals with variances 2 = 5 and 2 = 1, respectively.
Adaptation algorithm is not known. It is known that, after convergence, the adaptive filter weights are jointly
2 1
Gaussian, ( , ) where is the vector of optimal coefficients and = [
]. Find excess MSE and
1 2
misadjustment.
z-1
r n

x n

0.5

adaptive
filter

z-1

w0

w1

d n

e n

7) Consider the following LTI system


[] = 2[] 3[ 2]
Find [] and [] (cross- and autocorrelation functions) for
a) [] is a zero-mean white sequence with unit variance.

b) [] = sin ( 4 + ) where is uniformly distributed in [, ].


8) What is the variance of , weight error, in the single weight case, for Newtons method? Compare this
variance to that with the steepest descent method.