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PROJECT: SALINA

SECTION: PLUMBING SECTION


DATE:
REV.:
Assumed Data
Calculated data

* You are allowed to change


* You are NOT ALLOWED to change

DIMENSION OF SEPTIC TANK


*- Dimension of septic tank
1./ Referring to table below:
Item
6

Description
*-Flow per day in TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT
*-Number of Persons in TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT

Total flow per day in gallons:

Qty
50
80
4000

Units
gallons
persons
gallons

4125
16

gallons
Cu.m

3.472
5.21

m
m

2./ The liquid volume of tank in gallons:

Where:

V = 1125+0.75*Q =
V: the liquid volume of the tank in gallons
Q: the daily sewage flow in gallons
1126 and 0.75 is constant value

3./ To find the dimension of septic tank if the maximum depth is 1.50m.
And the width is assumed to be 3m then:
Length of block degestion:
Length of Septic Tank :
THE TABLE QUANTITIES OF SEWAGE FLOW
ITEM

TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT

Small dwellings with seasonal occupancy

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

single family dwellings


Multiple family dwellings (Apartment)
Rooming houses
Boarding houses
Hotels without private bath
Hotels with private baths (2 persons per room)
Restaurants (toilet and kitchen waste per patron)
Restaurants (kitchen waste per meals serve)
Tourist camps or trailer parks with central bathhouse
Tourist courts or mobile home parks with ind. Bath
Resort camps night and day with limited plumbing
Luxury camps
Work or construction camp
Day camps no meals serve
day schools without cafeterials, gym. Or showers

GALLONS PER
PERSON PER
DAY
50
75
60
40
50
50
60
7
3
35
50
50
100
50
15
15

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

day schools with cafeterials, gym. Or showers


Day school with but w/o gym or showers
Boarding schools
Hospitals
Institutions other than a hospitals
Factories (exclusive of industrial waste)
Picnic parks with toilet, bath houses
Swimming pools and bath houses
Luxury residences
Country clubs (per resident member)
Motels(per bed space)
Motes with bath, toilet, and kitchen, waste
Drive in threaters (per car space)
Movie theaters (per auditorium seat)
Airport (per passenger)
Stores(per toilet room)
Service stations(per vehicle served)
Seft service laundries(gal. per wash per person)

25
20
75100
150
75
15
10
10
100
100
40
50
5
5
3
400
10
50

NOTE:
- Refence Philippines Plumbing Design and Estimate (MAX B, FAJARDO JR. (Chapter 4 page 91)

LOWED to change

GALLONS PER
PERSON PER
DAY

1056.688
50
60
10
3

150

4032

25

250
125
35

150

5
12

PROJECT: SALINA
SECTION: PLUMBING SECTION
DATE:
REV.:
Assumed Data
Calculated data

* You are allowed to change


* You are NOT ALLOWED to change

DIMENSION OF SEPTIC TANK


*- Dimension of septic tank
1./ Referring to table below:
Item
6

Description
*-Flow per day in TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT
*-Number of Persons in TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT

Total flow per day in gallons:

Qty
50
80
4000

Units
gallons
persons
gallons

4125
16

gallons
Cu.m

3.472
5.21

m
m

2./ The liquid volume of tank in gallons:

Where:

V = 1125+0.75*Q =
V: the liquid volume of the tank in gallons
Q: the daily sewage flow in gallons
1126 and 0.75 is constant value

3./ To find the dimension of septic tank if the maximum depth is 1.50m.
And the width is assumed to be 3m then:
Length of block degestion:
Length of Septic Tank :
THE TABLE QUANTITIES OF SEWAGE FLOW
ITEM

TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT

Small dwellings with seasonal occupancy

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

single family dwellings


Multiple family dwellings (Apartment)
Rooming houses
Boarding houses
Hotels without private bath
Hotels with private baths (2 persons per room)
Restaurants (toilet and kitchen waste per patron)
Restaurants (kitchen waste per meals serve)
Tourist camps or trailer parks with central bathhouse
Tourist courts or mobile home parks with ind. Bath
Resort camps night and day with limited plumbing
Luxury camps
Work or construction camp
Day camps no meals serve
day schools without cafeterials, gym. Or showers

GALLONS PER
PERSON PER
DAY
50
75
60
40
50
50
60
7
3
35
50
50
100
50
15
15

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

day schools with cafeterials, gym. Or showers


Day school with but w/o gym or showers
Boarding schools
Hospitals
Institutions other than a hospitals
Factories (exclusive of industrial waste)
Picnic parks with toilet, bath houses
Swimming pools and bath houses
Luxury residences
Country clubs (per resident member)
Motels(per bed space)
Motes with bath, toilet, and kitchen, waste
Drive in threaters (per car space)
Movie theaters (per auditorium seat)
Airport (per passenger)
Stores(per toilet room)
Service stations(per vehicle served)
Seft service laundries(gal. per wash per person)

25
20
75100
150
75
15
10
10
100
100
40
50
5
5
3
400
10
50

NOTE:
- Refence Philippines Plumbing Design and Estimate (MAX B, FAJARDO JR. (Chapter 4 page 91)

LOWED to change

GALLONS PER
PERSON PER
DAY

1056.688
50
60
10
3

150

4032

25

250
125
35

150

5
12

PROJECT: SALINA
SECTION: PLUMBING SECTION
DATE:
REV.:
Assumed Data
Calculated data

* You are allowed to change


* You are NOT ALLOWED to change

DIMENSION OF SEPTIC TANK


*- Dimension of septic tank
1./ Referring to table below:
Item
6

Description
*-Flow per day in TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT
*-Number of Persons in TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT

Total flow per day in gallons:

Qty
50
164
8200

Units
gallons
persons
gallons

7275
28

gallons
Cu.m

6.124
9.19

m
m

2./ The liquid volume of tank in gallons:

Where:

V = 1125+0.75*Q =
V: the liquid volume of the tank in gallons
Q: the daily sewage flow in gallons
1126 and 0.75 is constant value

3./ To find the dimension of septic tank if the maximum depth is 1.50m.
And the width is assumed to be 3m then:
Length of block degestion:
Length of Septic Tank :
THE TABLE QUANTITIES OF SEWAGE FLOW
ITEM

TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT

Small dwellings with seasonal occupancy

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

single family dwellings


Multiple family dwellings (Apartment)
Rooming houses
Boarding houses
Hotels without private bath
Hotels with private baths (2 persons per room)
Restaurants (toilet and kitchen waste per patron)
Restaurants (kitchen waste per meals serve)
Tourist camps or trailer parks with central bathhouse
Tourist courts or mobile home parks with ind. Bath
Resort camps night and day with limited plumbing
Luxury camps
Work or construction camp
Day camps no meals serve
day schools without cafeterials, gym. Or showers

GALLONS PER
PERSON PER
DAY
50
75
60
40
50
50
60
7
3
35
50
50
100
50
15
15

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

day schools with cafeterials, gym. Or showers


Day school with but w/o gym or showers
Boarding schools
Hospitals
Institutions other than a hospitals
Factories (exclusive of industrial waste)
Picnic parks with toilet, bath houses
Swimming pools and bath houses
Luxury residences
Country clubs (per resident member)
Motels(per bed space)
Motes with bath, toilet, and kitchen, waste
Drive in threaters (per car space)
Movie theaters (per auditorium seat)
Airport (per passenger)
Stores(per toilet room)
Service stations(per vehicle served)
Seft service laundries(gal. per wash per person)

25
20
75100
150
75
15
10
10
100
100
40
50
5
5
3
400
10
50

NOTE:
- Refence Philippines Plumbing Design and Estimate (MAX B, FAJARDO JR. (Chapter 4 page 91)

LOWED to change

GALLONS PER
PERSON PER
DAY

1056.688
50
60
10
3

150

4032

25

250
125
35

150

5
12

OPTIMA CONSULTANT
PROJECT: KOHSANTEPHEAP
SECTION: PLUMBING SECTION
DATE:
REV.:
Assumed Data * You are allowed to change
Calculated data * You are NOT ALLOWED to change
WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANTS(WWTP) CALCULATION
Waste Water Influent to WWTP
Influent quantity
Total influent quantity
Water consumption

1-

=
=

So :
Let say Total inluent

90%
20
18
18

of water consumption
m3/d
m3/d
m3/d

Influent quality
=
=

250 mg/l
300 mg/l

Efluent quality
=
=

20 mg/l
30 mg/l

BOD5
SS
2-

Waste Water Efluent from WWTP


BOD5
SS

3-

Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTP) Diagram


Influent
Q= 18m3/d
BOD=250mg/l

Solid separation tank


Q= 18m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 30%
BOD=175mg/l

Anaerobic filter tank


Q= 18m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 25%
BOD=131.25mg/l
Return sludge
Q=10m3/d

Contact aeration
tank
Q= 18m3/d
BOD=20mg/l

To Sludge
Disposal

Sedimentation tank

Storage tank

To Public Drainage
Design Concept of Solid Separation Tank
4chamber is Design to equalize and homogenizeinfluent and pretreat organic BOD.
It provide (12-24) hour of storage time for designed daily waste water flowrate.
Hydraulic retention time
Therefor, require solid separation tank
Actual tank capacity

=
=
=
>

BOD Concept of removal Efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
=
Influent BOD
=
BOD residual next to anaerobic filter tank
=
5-

24 hr
18 m3
m3
18 m3

30 %
250 mg/l
175 mg/l

Design Concept of Anaerobic Filter Tank

reduces remaining BOD from solid separation chamber which is anaerobic condition.
It uses anaerobic microorganisms to further remove the BOD.
5.1

5.2

Design concept of media


Influent BOD
BOD Residual next to contact aerobic tank
Total BOD loading removal
Use area BOD loading
Peak flow
Required area media
Surface area of media
Required total volume of media
Actual volume of media

175 mg/l
=
131.25 mg/l
=
0.7875 kg/d
=
0.002571
kg/m2-d
=
2
=
612.5 m2
=
110 m2/m3
=
5.57 m3
=
m3
=
5.57
m3
>

Design Volume of anaerobic Filter tank


Hydraulic retention time
=
Therefor, required the anaerobic filter tank =
Actual tank capacity
=
>

4 hr
3.00 m3
m3
3.00 m3

BOD Concept of removal efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
=
BOD residual next to contact aerobic tank =
66.1

Design Concept of contact aeration Tank


Fixed film Aerobic Bacteria
Calculation of media
BOD inluent to aeration tank
=
BOD loading to be removed
=
Area BOD loading
=
Safety factor
=
Required area media
=
Surface area of media
=
Total required of media
=
Actual volume of media
=
>

6.2

25 %
131.25 mg/l

131.25
2.00
0.01324
1.5
226.875
110
2.06

mg/l
kg/d
kg/m2-d

m2
m2/m3
m3
m3
2.06 m3

Suspended of Aerobic Bacteria


Design Volume of contact Aerobic Tank
Vr = Tc x Q x Y x (So-Se) / X(1+Kd x Tc)

Where:

7 d
Tc Mean cell residence time
=
18 m3/d
Q Waste water flowrate
=
0.5 mg.vss/mg.Bod
Y Yield factor co.efficient
=
131.25 mg/l
So BOD Influent
=
1.17 mg/l
Se Solube BOD escaped treatment
=
Influent
Solube BOD Escaped treatment+BO
Efluent BOD
=
Determine the BOD of effluent of suspended solids
19.5 mg/l
Biodegratable of efluent solids
=
27.69 mg/l
Ultimate BOD
=
18.83 mg/l
BOD of Suspended solids
=
1.17 mg/l
BOD of Escaped treatment
=
2000
mg/l
X MLVSS = 80% MLSS
=
0.06 1/d
Kd
=
Vr

2.89 m3

Hydraulic retention time


HRT

HRT

Vr/Q
0.16 d
3.85 hr

Recheck hydraulic retention time


Design HRT=6hr > 3.85 hr
6.3

Design Oxygen requirement


O2

Where:

a BOD eliminated coefficiency

= a x Lr + b x Sa
0.5 kg.O2/kg.BOD

13 kg/d
0.07 kg.O2/kg.MLVSS-d
57.52 kg/d

Lr Total BOD load to be treated


b Sludge endogenouse coefficent
Sa MLVSS in aeration tank
So:

O2

10.53 kg.O2/d

Solubility air in sewage


Oxygen content in air
Volume of air required
Provide capacity lost
Design Safety

6.4

%
kg.O2/m3 of air
m3/d
%
m3/d

1.5
40
0.3
0.81
380/3/50
2

kw
mm
kg.f/cm3
m3/min

m3/d
m3/min

Select Air Blower


Power
Discharge bore
Pressure
air discharge
Electricity
Total

6.5

6.5
0.277
584.68
20
701.62
2
1403.23
0.97

set

Design the quantity of excess sludg that must be waste per day
The observes yields(YOBES)
The mass of activated sludge(Px)

= Y/(1+Kd.Tc)
0.35 Kg.VSS/Kg.BOD
=
Yobes.Q.(So-Se)/1000
=
0.90 Kg.VSS/d
=

The increase in the total mass of MLSS(Px) = Px/80%


1.125 Kg.SS/d
=
7000 mg/l
Design sludge concentration(Xr)
=
0.82 m3/d
So, Volume of excess sludge
=
6.6

Where:

Recheck mean cell Residence Time for control


Tc

Tc Mean cell residence time


a weight of biomass aeration tank
=
b weight of sludgr that must be waste
=
c weight of sludge in effluent
So, Tc

77.1

= a/(b+c)

Design Concept of Sedimentation tank


Design overflow rate
Use overflow rate
Surface area of Sedimentation tank
Actual surface

57.52 kg
5.73 kg/d
3 kg/d

7.00 d

=
=
=
>

24 m3/m2-d
0.75 m2
m2
0.75 m2
.

7.2
Recheck weir overflow rate
Normaly weir overflow rate of sedimentation tank is not more than 125m3/m-d
6.6 m
Length of construct weir
=
So, weir overflow rate
= Flow rate / Length of construct weir
18.94 m3/m-d
=
7.3
Check volume of sedimentation tank
3 hr
Hydraulic retention time
=
3 m3
Therefor, required the sedimentation tank
=
7.4

Design of return sludge rate


Qr
= QX/(Xr-X)
Qr Volume of return sludge
18 m3/d
Q Flow rate of waste water
=
2500 mg/l
X MLSS
=
Xr Sludge concentration in the bottom of
7000 mg/l
sedimentation tank
=
10 m3/d
Volume of return sludge(Qr)
=
Recheck of return sludge rate
Normal of return sludge rate
(Qr/Q)
=
So, return sludge rate (Qr/Q)
=

0.25-1
0.56

Air Lift pump


=
=
=
=
=
=

0.75
32
0.2
0.65
380/3/50
1

Power
Decharge bore
Pressure
Air decharge rate
Electricity
Total

kw
mm
kg.f/cm2
m3/min
set

allowed to change

NOT ALLOWED to change

of water consumption

mg.vss/mg.Bod

lube BOD Escaped treatment+BOD of suspended solid.

kg.O2/kg.BOD

kg.O2/kg.MLVSS-d

kg.O2/m3 of air

Kg.VSS/Kg.BOD
So-Se)/1000

Length of construct weir

0.42

OPTIMA CONSULTANT
PROJECT: KOHSANTEPHEAP
SECTION: PLUMBING SECTION
DATE:
REV.:
Assumed Data
Calculated data

* You are allowed to change


* You are NOT ALLOWED to change

WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANTS(WWTP) CALCULATION


Waste Water Influent to WWTP
Influent quantity
Total influent quantity
Water consumption

1-

=
=

So :

2-

3-

90%
32.5
29.25
30

of water consumption
m3/d
m3/d
m3/d

Let say Total inluent

Influent quality
BOD5
SS

=
=

250 mg/l
300 mg/l

=
=

20 mg/l
30 mg/l

Waste Water Efluent from WWTP


Efluent quality
BOD5
SS
Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTP) Diagram

Influent
Q= 30m3/d
BOD=250mg/l

Solid separation tank


Q= 30m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 30%
BOD=175mg/l

Anaerobic filter tank


Q= 30m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 25%
BOD=131.25mg/l
Return sludge
Q=16.67m3/d

Contact aeration
tank
Q= 30m3/d
BOD=20mg/l

To Sludge
Disposal

Sedimentation tank

Storage tank

To Public Drainage
4-

Design Concept of Solid Separation Tank


This chamber is Design to equalize and homogenizeinfluent and pretreat organic BOD.
It provide (12-24) hour of storage time for designed daily waste water flowrate.
Hydraulic retention time
Therefor, require solid separation tank
Actual tank capacity

BOD Concept of removal Efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
Influent BOD
BOD residual next to anaerobic filter tank
5-

=
=
=
>

24 hr
30 m3
m3
30 m3

=
=
=

30 %
250 mg/l
175 mg/l

Design Concept of Anaerobic Filter Tank

In this step, it reduces remaining BOD from solid separation chamber which is anaerobic con
It uses anaerobic microorganisms to further remove the BOD.
5.1

5.2

Design concept of media


Influent BOD
BOD Residual next to contact aerobic tank
Total BOD loading removal
Use area BOD loading
Peak flow
Required area media
Surface area of media
Required total volume of media
Actual volume of media
Design Volume of anaerobic Filter tank
Hydraulic retention time
Therefor, required the anaerobic filter tank
Actual tank capacity

175 mg/l
=
131.25 mg/l
=
1.3125 kg/d
=
0.004286
kg/m2-d
=
2
=
612.5 m2
=
110 m2/m3
=
5.57 m3
=
m3
=
5.57
m3
>
=
=
=
>

4 hr
5.00 m3
m3
5.00 m3

BOD Concept of removal efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
BOD residual next to contact aerobic tank
66.1

25 %
131.25 mg/l

Design Concept of contact aeration Tank


Fixed film Aerobic Bacteria
Calculation of media
BOD inluent to aeration tank
BOD loading to be removed
Area BOD loading
Safety factor
Required area media
Surface area of media
Total required of media
Actual volume of media

6.2

=
=

131.25 mg/l
=
3.34 kg/d
=
= 0.022066 kg/m2-d
1.5
=
226.875
m2
=
110 m2/m3
=
2.06 m3
=
m3
=
2.06 m3
>

Suspended of Aerobic Bacteria


Design Volume of contact Aerobic Tank
Vr = Tc x Q x Y x (So-Se) / X(1+Kd x Tc)

Where:

7 d
=
30 m3/d
=
0.5 mg.vss/mg.Bod
=
131.25 mg/l
=
1.17 mg/l
=
Influent
Solube BOD Escaped treatme
=

Tc Mean cell residence time


Q Waste water flowrate
Y Yield factor co.efficient
So BOD Influent
Se Solube BOD escaped treatment
Efluent BOD
Determine the BOD of effluent of suspended solids
Biodegratable of efluent solids
Ultimate BOD
BOD of Suspended solids
BOD of Escaped treatment
X MLVSS = 80% MLSS
Kd

=
=
=
=
=
=

Vr

4.81 m3

HRT

HRT

Vr/Q
0.16 d
3.85 hr

19.5
27.69
18.83
1.17
2000
0.06

mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
1/d

Hydraulic retention time

Recheck hydraulic retention time

6.3

Design HRT=6hr > 3.85 hr


Design Oxygen requirement
O2

Where:

a BOD eliminated coefficiency

= a x Lr + b x Sa
0.5 kg.O2/kg.BOD

13 kg/d
0.07 kg.O2/kg.MLVSS-d
57.52 kg/d

Lr Total BOD load to be treated


b Sludge endogenouse coefficent
Sa MLVSS in aeration tank
So:

O2

10.53 kg.O2/d

6.5
0.277
584.68
20
701.62
2
1403.23
0.97

%
kg.O2/m3 of air
m3/d
%
m3/d

1.5
40
0.3
0.81
380/3/50
2

kw
mm
kg.f/cm3
m3/min

Solubility air in sewage


Oxygen content in air
Volume of air required
Provide capacity lost
Design Safety

6.4

Select Air Blower


Power
Discharge bore
Pressure
air discharge
Electricity
Total

6.5

m3/d
m3/min

set

Design the quantity of excess sludg that must be waste per day
The observes yields(YOBES)
The mass of activated sludge(Px)

= Y/(1+Kd.Tc)
0.35 Kg.VSS/Kg.BOD
=
Yobes.Q.(So-Se)/1000
=
1.40 Kg.VSS/d
=

The increase in the total mass of MLSS(Px) = Px/80%


1.75 Kg.SS/d
=
7000 mg/l
Design sludge concentration(Xr)
=
0.82 m3/d
So, Volume of excess sludge
=
6.6

Where:

Recheck mean cell Residence Time for control


Tc
Tc Mean cell residence time
a weight of biomass aeration tank
b weight of sludgr that must be waste
c weight of sludge in effluent
So, Tc

77.1

Design Concept of Sedimentation tank


Design overflow rate
Use overflow rate
Surface area of Sedimentation tank
Actual surface

= a/(b+c)

57.52 kg
5.73 kg/d
3 kg/d

=
=
=
=

7.00 d

=
=
=
>

24 m3/m2-d
1.25 m2
m2
1.25 m2
.

7.2

7.3

7.4

Recheck weir overflow rate


Normaly weir overflow rate of sedimentation tank is not more than 125m3/m-d
6.6 m
Length of construct weir
=
So, weir overflow rate
= Flow rate / Length of construct weir
18.94 m3/m-d
=
Check volume of sedimentation tank
3 hr
Hydraulic retention time
=
4 m3
Therefor, required the sedimentation tank
=
Design of return sludge rate
Qr
Qr Volume of return sludge
Q Flow rate of waste water
X MLSS
Xr Sludge concentration in the bottom of
sedimentation tank
Volume of return sludge(Qr)
Recheck of return sludge rate
Normal of return sludge rate
(Qr/Q)
So, return sludge rate (Qr/Q)
Air Lift pump
Power
Decharge bore
Pressure
Air decharge rate
Electricity
Total

= QX/(Xr-X)
=
=

30 m3/d
2500 mg/l

=
=

7000 mg/l
16.67 m3/d

=
=

0.25-1
0.56

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.75
32
0.2
0.65
380/3/50
1

kw
mm
kg.f/cm2
m3/min
set

allowed to change

NOT ALLOWED to change

of water consumption

pretreat organic BOD.


ater flowrate.

mber which is anaerobic condition.

mg.vss/mg.Bod

lube BOD Escaped treatment+BOD of suspended solid.

kg.O2/kg.BOD

kg.O2/kg.MLVSS-d

kg.O2/m3 of air

Kg.VSS/Kg.BOD
So-Se)/1000

n 125m3/m-d
Length of construct weir

OPTIMA CONSULTANT
PROJECT: KOHSANTEPHEAP
SECTION: PLUMBING SECTION
DATE:
REV.:
Assumed Data * You are allowed to change
Calculated data * You are NOT ALLOWED to change
WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANTS(WWTP) CALCULATION
Waste Water Influent to WWTP
Influent quantity
Total influent quantity
Water consumption

1-

=
=
=
=

So :
Let say Total inluent
Influent quality
BOD5
SS
2-

3-

Waste Water Efluent from WWTP


Efluent quality
BOD5
SS

of water consumption
m3/d
m3/d
m3/d

=
=

250 mg/l
300 mg/l

=
=

20 mg/l
30 mg/l

Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTP) Diagram


Influent
Q= 36m3/d
BOD=250mg/l

Solid separation tank


Q= 36m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 30%
BOD=175mg/l

Anaerobic filter tank


Q= 36m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 25%
BOD=131.25mg/l
Return sludge
Q=20m3/d

90%
40
36
36

Contact aeration
tank
Q= 36m3/d
BOD=20mg/l

To Sludge
Disposal

Sedimentation tank

Storage tank

To Public Drainage
4-

Design Concept of Solid Separation Tank


This chamber is Design to equalize and homogenizeinfluent and pretreat organic BOD.
It provide (12-24) hour of storage time for designed daily waste water flowrate.
Hydraulic retention time
Therefor, require solid separation tank
Actual tank capacity

=
=
=
>

BOD Concept of removal Efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
=
Influent BOD
=
BOD residual next to anaerobic filter tank
=
5-

24 hr
36 m3
m3
36 m3

30 %
250 mg/l
175 mg/l

Design Concept of Anaerobic Filter Tank

In this step, it reduces remaining BOD from solid separation chamber which is anaerobic con
It uses anaerobic microorganisms to further remove the BOD.
5.1

5.2

Design concept of media


Influent BOD
BOD Residual next to contact aerobic tank
Total BOD loading removal
Use area BOD loading
Peak flow
Required area media
Surface area of media
Required total volume of media
Actual volume of media

=
175 mg/l
=
131.25 mg/l
=
1.575 kg/d
= 0.005143 kg/m2-d
=
2
=
612.5 m2
=
110 m2/m3
=
5.57 m3
=
m3
>
5.57 m3

Design Volume of anaerobic Filter tank


Hydraulic retention time
=
Therefor, required the anaerobic filter tank =
Actual tank capacity
=
>

4 hr
6.00 m3
m3
6.00 m3

BOD Concept of removal efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
=
BOD residual next to contact aerobic tank =
66.1

Design Concept of contact aeration Tank


Fixed film Aerobic Bacteria
Calculation of media
BOD inluent to aeration tank
BOD loading to be removed
Area BOD loading
Safety factor
Required area media
Surface area of media
Total required of media
Actual volume of media

6.2

25 %
131.25 mg/l

=
131.25 mg/l
=
4.01 kg/d
= 0.026479 kg/m2-d
=
1.5
= 226.875 m2
=
110 m2/m3
=
2.06 m3
=
m3
>
2.06 m3

Suspended of Aerobic Bacteria


Design Volume of contact Aerobic Tank
Vr = Tc x Q x Y x (So-Se) / X(1+Kd x Tc)

Where:

Tc Mean cell residence time


=
7 d
Q Waste water flowrate
=
36 m3/d
Y Yield factor co.efficient
=
0.5 mg.vss/mg.Bod
So BOD Influent
=
131.25 mg/l
Se Solube BOD escaped treatment
=
1.17 mg/l
Efluent BOD
= Influent Solube BOD Escaped treatment
Determine the BOD of effluent of suspended solids
Biodegratable of efluent solids
=
19.5 mg/l
Ultimate BOD
=
27.69 mg/l
BOD of Suspended solids
=
18.83 mg/l
BOD of Escaped treatment
=
1.17 mg/l
X MLVSS = 80% MLSS
=
2000 mg/l
Kd
=
0.06 1/d
Vr

5.77 m3

Hydraulic retention time


HRT

HRT

Vr/Q
0.16 d
3.85 hr

Recheck hydraulic retention time

6.3

Design HRT=6hr > 3.85 hr


Design Oxygen requirement
O2

Where:

a BOD eliminated coefficiency

= a x Lr + b x Sa
0.5 kg.O2/kg.BOD

Lr Total BOD load to be treated


b Sludge endogenouse coefficent
Sa MLVSS in aeration tank
So:

O2

13 kg/d
0.07 kg.O2/kg.MLVSS-d
57.52 kg/d
=

10.53 kg.O2/d

Solubility air in sewage


Oxygen content in air
Volume of air required
Provide capacity lost
Design Safety

6.4

%
kg.O2/m3 of air
m3/d
%
m3/d

1.5
40
0.3
0.81
380/3/50
2

kw
mm
kg.f/cm3
m3/min

m3/d
m3/min

Select Air Blower


Power
Discharge bore
Pressure
air discharge
Electricity
Total

6.5

6.5
0.277
584.68
20
701.62
2
1403.23
0.97

set

Design the quantity of excess sludg that must be waste per day
The observes yields(YOBES)
The mass of activated sludge(Px)

= Y/(1+Kd.Tc)
=
0.35 Kg.VSS/Kg.BOD
= Yobes.Q.(So-Se)/1000
=
1.70 Kg.VSS/d

The increase in the total mass of MLSS(Px) = Px/80%


=
2.125 Kg.SS/d
Design sludge concentration(Xr)
=
7000 mg/l
So, Volume of excess sludge
=
0.82 m3/d
6.6

Where:

Recheck mean cell Residence Time for control


Tc

Tc Mean cell residence time


a weight of biomass aeration tank
=
b weight of sludgr that must be waste
=
c weight of sludge in effluent
So, Tc

77.1

= a/(b+c)

Design Concept of Sedimentation tank


Design overflow rate
Use overflow rate
Surface area of Sedimentation tank
Actual surface

57.52 kg
5.73 kg/d
3 kg/d

7.00 d

=
=
=
>

24 m3/m2-d
1.50 m2
m2
1.50 m2
.

7.2

7.3

7.4

Recheck weir overflow rate


Normaly weir overflow rate of sedimentation tank is not more than 125m3/m-d
Length of construct weir
=
6.6 m
So, weir overflow rate
= Flow rate / Length of construct weir
=
18.94 m3/m-d
Check volume of sedimentation tank
Hydraulic retention time
=
3 hr
Therefor, required the sedimentation tank
=
5 m3
Design of return sludge rate
Qr
= QX/(Xr-X)
Qr Volume of return sludge
Q Flow rate of waste water
=
36 m3/d
X MLSS
=
2500 mg/l
Xr Sludge concentration in the bottom of
sedimentation tank
=
7000 mg/l
Volume of return sludge(Qr)
=
20 m3/d
Recheck of return sludge rate
Normal of return sludge rate
(Qr/Q)
So, return sludge rate (Qr/Q)

=
=

0.25-1
0.56

Air Lift pump


Power
Decharge bore
Pressure

=
=
=

Electricity
Total

=
=

0.75
32
0.2
0.65
380/3/50
1

kw
mm
kg.f/cm2
m3/min
set

allowed to change

NOT ALLOWED to change

of water consumption

d pretreat organic BOD.


water flowrate.

amber which is anaerobic condition.

mg.vss/mg.Bod

lube BOD Escaped treatment+BOD of suspended solid.

kg.O2/kg.BOD

kg.O2/kg.MLVSS-d

kg.O2/m3 of air

Kg.VSS/Kg.BOD
So-Se)/1000

han 125m3/m-d
Length of construct weir

OPTIMA CONSULTANT
PROJECT:
SECTION: PLUMBING SECTION
DATE:
REV.:
Assumed Data * You are allowed to change
Calculated data * You are NOT ALLOWED to change
WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANTS(WWTP) CALCULATION
Waste Water Influent to WWTP

1-

Total influent quantity


Water consumption
So :
Let say Total inluent

Influent quantity
=
=
=
=

BOD5
SS
2-

of water consumption
m3/d
m3/d
m3/d

Influent quality
=
=

250 mg/l
300 mg/l

Efluent quality
=
=

20 mg/l
30 mg/l

Waste Water Efluent from WWTP


BOD5
SS

3-

90%
58.5
52.65
53

Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTP) Diagram


Influent
Q= 36m3/d
BOD=250mg/l

Solid separation tank


Q= 36m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 30%
BOD=175mg/l

Anaerobic filter tank


Q= 36m3/d
BOD removal efficiency 25%
BOD=131.25mg/l
Return sludge
Q=20m3/d

Contact aeration
tank
Q= 36m3/d
BOD=20mg/l

To Sludge
Disposal

Sedimentation tank

Storage tank

To Public Drainage
4-

Design Concept of Solid Separation Tank


This chamber is Design to equalize and homogenizeinfluent and pretreat organic BOD.
It provide (12-24) hour of storage time for designed daily waste water flowrate.
Hydraulic retention time
Therefor, require solid separation tank
Actual tank capacity

=
=
=
>

BOD Concept of removal Efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
=
Influent BOD
=
BOD residual next to anaerobic filter tank
=
5-

24 hr
53 m3
m3
53 m3

30 %
250 mg/l
175 mg/l

Design Concept of Anaerobic Filter Tank

In this step, it reduces remaining BOD from solid separation chamber which is anaerobic con
It uses anaerobic microorganisms to further remove the BOD.
5.1

5.2

Design concept of media


Influent BOD
BOD Residual next to contact aerobic tank
Total BOD loading removal
Use area BOD loading
Peak flow
Required area media
Surface area of media
Required total volume of media
Actual volume of media

=
175 mg/l
=
131.25 mg/l
= 2.31875 kg/d
= 0.007571 kg/m2-d
=
2
=
612.5 m2
=
110 m2/m3
=
5.57 m3
=
m3
>
5.57 m3

Design Volume of anaerobic Filter tank


Hydraulic retention time
=
Therefor, required the anaerobic filter tank =
Actual tank capacity
=
>

4 hr
8.83 m3
m3
8.83 m3

BOD Concept of removal efficiency


BOD Removal Efficiency
=
BOD residual next to contact aerobic tank =
66.1

25 %
131.25 mg/l

Design Concept of contact aeration Tank


Fixed film Aerobic Bacteria
Calculation of media
BOD inluent to aeration tank
=
131.25 mg/l
BOD loading to be removed
=
5.90 kg/d
Area BOD loading
= 0.038983 kg/m2-d
Safety factor
=
1.5
Required area media
= 226.875 m2
Surface area of media
=
110 m2/m3
Total required of media
=
2.06 m3
Actual volume of media
=
m3
>
2.06 m3

6.2

Suspended of Aerobic Bacteria


Design Volume of contact Aerobic Tank
Vr = Tc x Q x Y x (So-Se) / X(1+Kd x Tc)

Where:

Tc Mean cell residence time


=
7 d
Q Waste water flowrate
=
53 m3/d
Y Yield factor co.efficient
=
0.5 mg.vss/mg.Bod
So BOD Influent
=
131.25 mg/l
Se Solube BOD escaped treatment
=
1.17 mg/l
Efluent BOD
= Influent Solube BOD Escaped treatment+
Determine the BOD of effluent of suspended solids
Biodegratable of efluent solids
=
19.5 mg/l
Ultimate BOD
=
27.69 mg/l
BOD of Suspended solids
=
18.83 mg/l
BOD of Escaped treatment
=
1.17 mg/l
X MLVSS = 80% MLSS
=
2000 mg/l
Kd
=
0.06 1/d
Vr

8.50 m3

Hydraulic retention time


HRT

HRT

Vr/Q
0.16 d
3.85 hr

Recheck hydraulic retention time

6.3

Design HRT=6hr > 3.85 hr


Design Oxygen requirement
O2

Where:

a BOD eliminated coefficiency

= a x Lr + b x Sa
0.5 kg.O2/kg.BOD

Lr Total BOD load to be treated


b Sludge endogenouse coefficent
Sa MLVSS in aeration tank
So:

13 kg/d
0.07 kg.O2/kg.MLVSS-d
57.52 kg/d

O2

10.53 kg.O2/d

Solubility air in sewage


Oxygen content in air
Volume of air required
Provide capacity lost
Design Safety

6.4

%
kg.O2/m3 of air
m3/d
%
m3/d

1.5
40
0.3
0.81
380/3/50
2

kw
mm
kg.f/cm3
m3/min

m3/d
m3/min

Select Air Blower


Power
Discharge bore
Pressure
air discharge
Electricity
Total

6.5

6.5
0.277
584.68
20
701.62
2
1403.23
0.97

set

Design the quantity of excess sludg that must be waste per day
The observes yields(YOBES)
The mass of activated sludge(Px)

Y/(1+Kd.Tc)
=
0.35 Kg.VSS/Kg.BOD
= Yobes.Q.(So-Se)/1000
=
2.50 Kg.VSS/d

The increase in the total mass of MLSS(Px) = Px/80%


=
3.125 Kg.SS/d
Design sludge concentration(Xr)
=
7000 mg/l
So, Volume of excess sludge
=
0.82 m3/d
6.6

Where:

Recheck mean cell Residence Time for control


Tc
Tc Mean cell residence time
a weight of biomass aeration tank
b weight of sludgr that must be waste
c weight of sludge in effluent
So, Tc

77.1

Design Concept of Sedimentation tank


Design overflow rate
Use overflow rate
Surface area of Sedimentation tank
Actual surface

= a/(b+c)

=
=

57.52 kg
5.73 kg/d
3 kg/d

7.00 d

=
=
=
>

24 m3/m2-d
2.21 m2
m2
2.21 m2
.

7.2

7.3

7.4

Recheck weir overflow rate


Normaly weir overflow rate of sedimentation tank is not more than 125m3/m-d
Length of construct weir
=
6.6 m
So, weir overflow rate
= Flow rate / Length of construct weir
=
18.94 m3/m-d
Check volume of sedimentation tank
Hydraulic retention time
=
3 hr
Therefor, required the sedimentation tank
=
7 m3
Design of return sludge rate
Qr
Qr Volume of return sludge
Q Flow rate of waste water
X MLSS
Xr Sludge concentration in the bottom of
sedimentation tank
Volume of return sludge(Qr)

= QX/(Xr-X)
=
=

53 m3/d
2500 mg/l

=
=

7000 mg/l
29.45 m3/d

Recheck of return sludge rate


Normal of return sludge rate
(Qr/Q)
So, return sludge rate (Qr/Q)

=
=

0.25-1
0.56

Air Lift pump


Power
Decharge bore
Pressure

=
=
=

Electricity
Total

=
=

0.75
32
0.2
0.65
380/3/50
1

kw
mm
kg.f/cm2
m3/min
set

owed to change

OT ALLOWED to change

f water consumption

pretreat organic BOD.


water flowrate.

mber which is anaerobic condition.

mg.vss/mg.Bod

be BOD Escaped treatment+BOD of suspended solid.

g.O2/kg.BOD

g.O2/kg.MLVSS-d

g.O2/m3 of air

g.VSS/Kg.BOD

n 125m3/m-d

ength of construct weir