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SCIENCE
PMR
May 2009

PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009

SET 1
SAINS
KERTAS 2
( KUMPULAN CEMERLANG)
PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

UNTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAHAJA

MARKING SCHEME
Questions

Scoring Criteria

a
(i)

P :

Stigma

Q :

Ovary

Anther

Marks

Total
marks

3 marks

Produces ovules
Menghasilkan ovul.

Produces pollen grain


Menghasilkan butir debunga.

3 marks

Enables pollen grains to stick on it.


Membolehkan butir debunga melekat
di atasnya.

Seed
Biji benih

Fruit
Buah

Shoot
Pucuk

1 mark
6 marks

2
a

J :

Compound

K:

Element

L:

Mixture

: water // carbon dioxide

3 marks

2 marks

air // petroleum

1 mark
6 marks

M :

Commensalisms

Prey predator

Mutualism

3 marks

b
Organic control Biological control Pesticide control
Kawalan organik Kawalan biologi
Kawalan
racun makhluk
perosak
c
( i )

1 mark

1 mark

N // prey predator

6 marks
( ii )

Predator kills a pest as a food and it helps to control the


population of pest //
Predator kills a pest as a food and helps to eliminate the
pest in a farm.
* accept any suitable answer.

1 mark

Cheaper // Does not pollute the environment .


* accept any suitable answer.
The box moves.

1 mark

b
(i)

Frictional force // Frictional

1 mark

( ii )

Use a trolley // Fix rollers.

1 mark

(iii )

Enables us to hold things // Enables us to walk without


slipping

1 mark

a
4

Work = 500 N X 10 N
6 marks

= 5000 Nm
= 5000 J
2 marks

= 5 kJ
d

Power = 500 N X 10 N
50 s
= 5000 Nm
50 s
= 100 Nm/s
= 100 J / s
2 marks

= 100 watt ( W )

a
( i)
( ii )
b

The presence of carbon dioxide gas.

1 mark

Mineral P decompose when its heated and release carbon


dioxide gas.
Carbon dioxide gas does not react with potassium
manganate (VII ) solution .

1 mark

1 mark

Zinc carbonate
Zink karbonat

1 mark

d
Zinc carbonate

zinc oxide + carbon dioxide

1 mark

heat

a
(i)
( ii )

8 marks

The heating of mineral P will form metal oxide and release


carbon dioxide.

1 mark

Q // R

1 mark

It reduces / lower the voltage from 132 kV to 66kV //


It lower the voltage from 66 kV to 11 kV.

1 mark

1 mark

c
Main fuse
Fius utama

Electric
meter

Main
switch

Circuit
breaker
1 mark
d
( i)

(ii)

The outer casing of appliance M is made of a metal which is


a good conductor of electric unlike the appliance N.
Therefore , to prevent the severe electric shock when the
live wire is loose ,M has to use a 3 pin-plug because it has
earth wire where the excess electric current can be flow
directly to the earth.

e
( i)

2640 W
240V

11 A

2 marks

1 mark
( ii )

13 A

1 mark

(a)

J : Brick.- red precipitate is formed.

1 mark

K : Transculent spot is formed.

1 mark

L : Brick.- red precipitate is formed.

1 mark

M :

1 mark

Dark blue is formed.

8 marks

J,K,L,M,

Brick red
precipitate is
formed.

Brick red
precipitate is
not formed.

J,L

K,M

4 marks
c
(i)

Dark blue is formed because ricew contains starch.

1 mark

Dark blue will formed when potato is tested with iodine solution.

1 mark

(ii)

10 marks

a
8
( i)

Block Q is more stable than block P.

( ii )

Block Q is more stable because it has a lower centre of gravity. //


The lower centre of gravity of block Q make it more stable.

1 mark

1 mark
c
(i)

Object K

: 12 s

Objek L

: 7s

Objek M : 4 s
* If 3 correct = 2 marks
If 2 correct = 1 mark
If 1 correct = 0 mark
d

2 marks

* On page 6
2 marks

e
f

The higher the height of an object , the less stable the


stability of the object.
The height of an object.

Less than 4 s

The most stable the stability of the object needed the greater
force to topple it. //
An object which is most stable needed the greater force to
make it topple.
5

1 mark
1 mark

1mark
1 mark

10 marks

d.

Time taken
for the model
to topple (s )
12

10

Model
Model
[ 2 marks ]

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